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High Performance Deformable Image Registration Algorithms for Manycore Processors

High Performance Deformable Image Registration Algorithms for Manycore Processors
  • Author : James Shackleford,Nagarajan Kandasamy,Gregory Sharp
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-28
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9780124078802
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Summary : High Performance Deformable Image Registration Algorithms for Manycore Processors develops highly data-parallel image registration algorithms suitable for use on modern multi-core architectures, including graphics processing units (GPUs). Focusing on deformable registration, we show how to develop data-parallel versions of the registration algorithm suitable for execution on the GPU. Image registration is the process of aligning two or more images into a common coordinate frame and is a fundamental step to be able to compare or fuse data obtained from different sensor measurements. Extracting useful information from 2D/3D data is essential to realizing key technologies underlying our daily lives. Examples include autonomous vehicles and humanoid robots that can recognize and manipulate objects in cluttered environments using stereo vision and laser sensing and medical imaging to localize and diagnose tumors in internal organs using data captured by CT/MRI scans. Demonstrates how to redesign widely used image registration algorithms so as to best expose the underlying parallelism available in these algorithms Shows how to pose and implement the parallel versions of the algorithms within the single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) model supported by GPUs Provides Programming "tricks" that can help readers develop other image processing algorithms, including registration algorithms for the GPU

Medical Image Registration

Medical Image Registration
  • Author : Joseph V. Hajnal,Derek L.G. Hill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-27
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 1420042475
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Summary : Image registration is the process of systematically placing separate images in a common frame of reference so that the information they contain can be optimally integrated or compared. This is becoming the central tool for image analysis, understanding, and visualization in both medical and scientific applications. Medical Image Registration provid

CUDA by Example

CUDA by Example
  • Author : Jason Sanders,Edward Kandrot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-19
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780132180139
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Summary : CUDA is a computing architecture designed to facilitate the development of parallel programs. In conjunction with a comprehensive software platform, the CUDA Architecture enables programmers to draw on the immense power of graphics processing units (GPUs) when building high-performance applications. GPUs, of course, have long been available for demanding graphics and game applications. CUDA now brings this valuable resource to programmers working on applications in other domains, including science, engineering, and finance. No knowledge of graphics programming is required—just the ability to program in a modestly extended version of C. CUDA by Example, written by two senior members of the CUDA software platform team, shows programmers how to employ this new technology. The authors introduce each area of CUDA development through working examples. After a concise introduction to the CUDA platform and architecture, as well as a quick-start guide to CUDA C, the book details the techniques and trade-offs associated with each key CUDA feature. You’ll discover when to use each CUDA C extension and how to write CUDA software that delivers truly outstanding performance. Major topics covered include Parallel programming Thread cooperation Constant memory and events Texture memory Graphics interoperability Atomics Streams CUDA C on multiple GPUs Advanced atomics Additional CUDA resources All the CUDA software tools you’ll need are freely available for download from NVIDIA. http://developer.nvidia.com/object/cuda-by-example.html

Computer Vision

Computer Vision
  • Author : Richard Szeliski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-30
  • Total pages :812
  • ISBN : 1848829353
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Summary : Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Subsea Optics and Imaging

Subsea Optics and Imaging
  • Author : John Watson,Oliver Zielinski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-31
  • Total pages :596
  • ISBN : 9780857093523
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Summary : The use of optical methodology, instrumentation and photonics devices for imaging, vision and optical sensing is of increasing importance in understanding our marine environment. Subsea optics can make an important contribution to the protection and sustainable management of ocean resources and contribute to monitoring the response of marine systems to climate change. This important book provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications. The book is divided into three parts. The first part provides a general introduction to the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis. Part two reviews the use of subsea optics in environmental analysis. An introduction to the concepts of underwater light fields is followed by an overview of coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and an assessment of nutrients in the water column. This section concludes with discussions of the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact and finally an outline of optical techniques for studying suspended sediments, turbulence and mixing in the marine environment. Part three reviews subsea optical systems technologies. A general overview of imaging and visualisation using conventional photography and video leads onto advanced techniques like digital holography, laser line-scanning and range-gated imaging as well as their use in controlled observation platforms or global observation networks. This section also outlines techniques like Raman spectroscopy, hyperspectral sensing and imaging, laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and particle image velocimetry (PIV), optical fibre sensing and LIDAR systems. Finally, a chapter on fluorescence methodologies brings the volume to a close. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Subsea optics and imaging is a standard reference for those researching, developing and using subsea optical technologies as well as environmental scientists and agencies concerned with monitoring the marine environment. Provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications Outlines the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis Reviews the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact

The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory

The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory
  • Author : Vladimir N. Vapnik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 9781475724400
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Summary : The aim of this book is to discuss the fundamental ideas which lie behind the statistical theory of learning and generalization. It considers learning from the general point of view of function estimation based on empirical data. Omitting proofs and technical details, the author concentrates on discussing the main results of learning theory and their connections to fundamental problems in statistics. These include: - the general setting of learning problems and the general model of minimizing the risk functional from empirical data - a comprehensive analysis of the empirical risk minimization principle and shows how this allows for the construction of necessary and sufficient conditions for consistency - non-asymptotic bounds for the risk achieved using the empirical risk minimization principle - principles for controlling the generalization ability of learning machines using small sample sizes - introducing a new type of universal learning machine that controls the generalization ability.

Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning

Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning
  • Author : David Edward Goldberg,David Edward, Goldberg,Goldberg, David Edward Goldberg,Visiting Assistant Professor of History David E Goldberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : UOM:39015023852034
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Summary : A gentle introduction to genetic algorithms. Genetic algorithms revisited: mathematical foundations. Computer implementation of a genetic algorithm. Some applications of genetic algorithms. Advanced operators and techniques in genetic search. Introduction to genetics-based machine learning. Applications of genetics-based machine learning. A look back, a glance ahead. A review of combinatorics and elementary probability. Pascal with random number generation for fortran, basic, and cobol programmers. A simple genetic algorithm (SGA) in pascal. A simple classifier system(SCS) in pascal. Partition coefficient transforms for problem-coding analysis.

Cryptography for Developers

Cryptography for Developers
  • Author : Tom St Denis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-01
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 0080503454
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Summary : The only guide for software developers who must learn and implement cryptography safely and cost effectively. Cryptography for Developers begins with a chapter that introduces the subject of cryptography to the reader. The second chapter discusses how to implement large integer arithmetic as required by RSA and ECC public key algorithms The subsequent chapters discuss the implementation of symmetric ciphers, one-way hashes, message authentication codes, combined authentication and encryption modes, public key cryptography and finally portable coding practices. Each chapter includes in-depth discussion on memory/size/speed performance trade-offs as well as what cryptographic problems are solved with the specific topics at hand. The author is the developer of the industry standard cryptographic suite of tools called LibTom A regular expert speaker at industry conferences and events on this development

High Performance Silicon Imaging

High Performance Silicon Imaging
  • Author : Daniel Durini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-14
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780857097521
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Summary : High Performance Silicon Imaging covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, with a focus on existing performance issues and potential solutions. The book considers several applications for the technology as well. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, and emerging applications include web, security, automotive, and digital cinema cameras. Part one begins with a review of the fundamental principles of photosensing and the operational principles of silicon image sensors. It then focuses in on charged coupled device (CCD) image sensors and complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors. The performance issues considered include image quality, sensitivity, data transfer rate, system level integration, rate of power consumption, and the potential for 3D imaging. Part two then discusses how CMOS technology can be used in a range of areas, including in mobile devices, image sensors for automotive applications, sensors for several forms of scientific imaging, and sensors for medical applications. High Performance Silicon Imaging is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor, and electronics industries. Covers the fundamentals of silicon-based image sensors and technical advances, focusing on performance issues Looks at image sensors in applications such as mobile phones, scientific imaging, TV broadcasting, automotive, and biomedical applications

Encyclopedia of Image Processing

Encyclopedia of Image Processing
  • Author : Phillip A. Laplante
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-08
  • Total pages :856
  • ISBN : 9781351032728
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Summary : The Encyclopedia of Image Processing presents a vast collection of well-written articles covering image processing fundamentals (e.g. color theory, fuzzy sets, cryptography) and applications (e.g. geographic information systems, traffic analysis, forgery detection). Image processing advances have enabled many applications in healthcare, avionics, robotics, natural resource discovery, and defense, which makes this text a key asset for both academic and industrial libraries and applied scientists and engineers working in any field that utilizes image processing. Written by experts from both academia and industry, it is structured using the ACM Computing Classification System (CCS) first published in 1988, but most recently updated in 2012.

Integrated Imaging and Vision Techniques for Industrial Inspection

Integrated Imaging and Vision Techniques for Industrial Inspection
  • Author : Zheng Liu,Hiroyuki Ukida,Pradeep Ramuhalli,Kurt Niel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-24
  • Total pages :541
  • ISBN : 9781447167419
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Summary : This pioneering text/reference presents a detailed focus on the use of machine vision techniques in industrial inspection applications. An internationally renowned selection of experts provide insights on a range of inspection tasks, drawn from their cutting-edge work in academia and industry, covering practical issues of vision system integration for real-world applications. Topics and features: presents a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art hardware and software tools for machine vision, and the evolution of algorithms for industrial inspection; includes in-depth descriptions of advanced inspection methodologies and machine vision technologies for specific needs; discusses the latest developments and future trends in imaging and vision techniques for industrial inspection tasks; provides a focus on imaging and vision system integration, implementation, and optimization; describes the pitfalls and barriers to developing successful inspection systems for smooth and efficient manufacturing process.

Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis

Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis
  • Author : Guoyan Zheng,Shuo Li,Gabor Szekely
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-23
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9780128104941
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Summary : Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis: Methods, Implementation and Applications contributes enormously to solving different problems in patient care and physical anthropology, ranging from improved automatic registration and segmentation in medical image computing to the study of genetics, evolution and comparative form in physical anthropology and biology. This book gives a clear description of the concepts, methods, algorithms and techniques developed over the last three decades that is followed by examples of their implementation using open source software. Applications of statistical shape and deformation analysis are given for a wide variety of fields, including biometry, anthropology, medical image analysis and clinical practice. Presents an accessible introduction to the basic concepts, methods, algorithms and techniques in statistical shape and deformation analysis Includes implementation examples using open source software Covers real-life applications of statistical shape and deformation analysis methods

GPU Computing Gems Emerald Edition

GPU Computing Gems Emerald Edition
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-13
  • Total pages :886
  • ISBN : 0123849896
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Summary : GPU Computing Gems Emerald Edition offers practical techniques in parallel computing using graphics processing units (GPUs) to enhance scientific research. The first volume in Morgan Kaufmann's Applications of GPU Computing Series, this book offers the latest insights and research in computer vision, electronic design automation, and emerging data-intensive applications. It also covers life sciences, medical imaging, ray tracing and rendering, scientific simulation, signal and audio processing, statistical modeling, video and image processing. This book is intended to help those who are facing the challenge of programming systems to effectively use GPUs to achieve efficiency and performance goals. It offers developers a window into diverse application areas, and the opportunity to gain insights from others' algorithm work that they may apply to their own projects. Readers will learn from the leading researchers in parallel programming, who have gathered their solutions and experience in one volume under the guidance of expert area editors. Each chapter is written to be accessible to researchers from other domains, allowing knowledge to cross-pollinate across the GPU spectrum. Many examples leverage NVIDIA's CUDA parallel computing architecture, the most widely-adopted massively parallel programming solution. The insights and ideas as well as practical hands-on skills in the book can be immediately put to use. Computer programmers, software engineers, hardware engineers, and computer science students will find this volume a helpful resource. For useful source codes discussed throughout the book, the editors invite readers to the following website: ..." Covers the breadth of industry from scientific simulation and electronic design automation to audio / video processing, medical imaging, computer vision, and more Many examples leverage NVIDIA's CUDA parallel computing architecture, the most widely-adopted massively parallel programming solution Offers insights and ideas as well as practical "hands-on" skills you can immediately put to use

The Lattice Boltzmann Method

The Lattice Boltzmann Method
  • Author : Timm Krüger,Halim Kusumaatmaja,Alexandr Kuzmin,Orest Shardt,Goncalo Silva,Erlend Magnus Viggen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-07
  • Total pages :694
  • ISBN : 9783319446493
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Summary : This book is an introduction to the theory, practice, and implementation of the Lattice Boltzmann (LB) method, a powerful computational fluid dynamics method that is steadily gaining attention due to its simplicity, scalability, extensibility, and simple handling of complex geometries. The book contains chapters on the method's background, fundamental theory, advanced extensions, and implementation. To aid beginners, the most essential paragraphs in each chapter are highlighted, and the introductory chapters on various LB topics are front-loaded with special "in a nutshell" sections that condense the chapter's most important practical results. Together, these sections can be used to quickly get up and running with the method. Exercises are integrated throughout the text, and frequently asked questions about the method are dealt with in a special section at the beginning. In the book itself and through its web page, readers can find example codes showing how the LB method can be implemented efficiently on a variety of hardware platforms, including multi-core processors, clusters, and graphics processing units. Students and scientists learning and using the LB method will appreciate the wealth of clearly presented and structured information in this volume.

Image Encryption

Image Encryption
  • Author : Fathi E. Abd El-Samie,Hossam Eldin H. Ahmed,Ibrahim F. Elashry,Mai H. Shahieen,Osama S. Faragallah,El-Sayed M. El-Rabaie,Saleh A. Alshebeili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-14
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9781466576988
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Summary : Presenting encryption algorithms with diverse characteristics, Image Encryption: A Communication Perspective examines image encryption algorithms for the purpose of secure wireless communication. It considers two directions for image encryption: permutation-based approaches and substitution-based approaches. Covering the spectrum of image encryption principles and techniques, the book compares image encryption with permutation- and diffusion-based approaches. It explores number theory-based encryption algorithms such as the Data Encryption Standard, the Advanced Encryption Standard, and the RC6 algorithms. It not only details the strength of various encryption algorithms, but also describes their ability to work within the limitations of wireless communication systems. Since some ciphers were not designed for image encryption, the book explains how to modify these ciphers to work for image encryption. It also provides instruction on how to search for other approaches suitable for this task. To make this work comprehensive, the authors explore communication concepts concentrating on the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system and present a simplified model for the OFDM communication system with its different implementations. Complete with simulation experiments and MATLAB® codes for most of the simulation experiments, this book will help you gain the understanding required to select the encryption method that best fulfills your application requirements.

Handbook of Large-Scale Distributed Computing in Smart Healthcare

Handbook of Large-Scale Distributed Computing in Smart Healthcare
  • Author : Samee U. Khan,Albert Y. Zomaya,Assad Abbas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-03
  • Total pages :635
  • ISBN : 9783319582801
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Summary : This volume offers readers various perspectives and visions for cutting-edge research in ubiquitous healthcare. The topics emphasize large-scale architectures and high performance solutions for smart healthcare, healthcare monitoring using large-scale computing techniques, Internet of Things (IoT) and big data analytics for healthcare, Fog Computing, mobile health, large-scale medical data mining, advanced machine learning methods for mining multidimensional sensor data, smart homes, and resource allocation methods for the BANs. The book contains high quality chapters contributed by leading international researchers working in domains, such as e-Health, pervasive and context-aware computing, cloud, grid, cluster, and big-data computing. We are optimistic that the topics included in this book will provide a multidisciplinary research platform to the researchers, practitioners, and students from biomedical engineering, health informatics, computer science, and computer engineering.

4D Modeling and Estimation of Respiratory Motion for Radiation Therapy

4D Modeling and Estimation of Respiratory Motion for Radiation Therapy
  • Author : Jan Ehrhardt,Cristian Lorenz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-30
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 9783642364419
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Summary : Respiratory motion causes an important uncertainty in radiotherapy planning of the thorax and upper abdomen. The main objective of radiation therapy is to eradicate or shrink tumor cells without damaging the surrounding tissue by delivering a high radiation dose to the tumor region and a dose as low as possible to healthy organ tissues. Meeting this demand remains a challenge especially in case of lung tumors due to breathing-induced tumor and organ motion where motion amplitudes can measure up to several centimeters. Therefore, modeling of respiratory motion has become increasingly important in radiation therapy. With 4D imaging techniques spatiotemporal image sequences can be acquired to investigate dynamic processes in the patient’s body. Furthermore, image registration enables the estimation of the breathing-induced motion and the description of the temporal change in position and shape of the structures of interest by establishing the correspondence between images acquired at different phases of the breathing cycle. In radiation therapy these motion estimations are used to define accurate treatment margins, e.g. to calculate dose distributions and to develop prediction models for gated or robotic radiotherapy. In this book, the increasing role of image registration and motion estimation algorithms for the interpretation of complex 4D medical image sequences is illustrated. Different 4D CT image acquisition techniques and conceptually different motion estimation algorithms are presented. The clinical relevance is demonstrated by means of example applications which are related to the radiation therapy of thoracic and abdominal tumors. The state of the art and perspectives are shown by an insight into the current field of research. The book is addressed to biomedical engineers, medical physicists, researchers and physicians working in the fields of medical image analysis, radiology and radiation therapy.

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems
  • Author : John Henry Holland,Professor of Psychology and of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science John H Holland,Senior Lecturer in Human Resource Management Holland
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 0262581116
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Summary : List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

High Performance Computing

High Performance Computing
  • Author : Juan Luis Crespo-Mariño,Esteban Meneses-Rojas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-12
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9783030410056
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th Latin American High Performance Computing Conference, CARLA 2019, held in Turrialba, Costa Rica, in September 2019. The 32 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected out of 62 submissions. The papers included in this book are organized according to the conference tracks - regular track on high performance computing: applications; algorithms and models; architectures and infrastructures; and special track on bioinspired processing (BIP): neural and evolutionary approaches; image and signal processing; biodiversity informatics and computational biology.

Euro-Par 2010 - Parallel Processing

Euro-Par 2010 - Parallel Processing
  • Author : Pasqua D'Ambra,Mario Guarracino,Domenico Talia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-02
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9783642152771
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Summary : Annotation This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Euro-Par Conference held in Ischia, Italy, in August/September 2010. The 90 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 256 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on support tools and environments; performance prediction and evaluation; scheduling and load-balancing; high performance architectures and compilers; parallel and distributed data management; grid, cluster and cloud computing; peer to peer computing; distributed systems and algorithms; parallel and distributed programming; parallel numerical algorithms; multicore and manycore programming; theory and algorithms for parallel computation; high performance networks; and mobile and ubiquitous computing.

GPU-based Parallel Implementation of Swarm Intelligence Algorithms

GPU-based Parallel Implementation of Swarm Intelligence Algorithms
  • Author : Ying Tan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-15
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780128093641
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Summary : GPU-based Parallel Implementation of Swarm Intelligence Algorithms combines and covers two emerging areas attracting increased attention and applications: graphics processing units (GPUs) for general-purpose computing (GPGPU) and swarm intelligence. This book not only presents GPGPU in adequate detail, but also includes guidance on the appropriate implementation of swarm intelligence algorithms on the GPU platform. GPU-based implementations of several typical swarm intelligence algorithms such as PSO, FWA, GA, DE, and ACO are presented and having described the implementation details including parallel models, implementation considerations as well as performance metrics are discussed. Finally, several typical applications of GPU-based swarm intelligence algorithms are presented. This valuable reference book provides a unique perspective not possible by studying either GPGPU or swarm intelligence alone. This book gives a complete and whole picture for interested readers and new comers who will find many implementation algorithms in the book suitable for immediate use in their projects. Additionally, some algorithms can also be used as a starting point for further research. Presents a concise but sufficient introduction to general-purpose GPU computing which can help the layman become familiar with this emerging computing technique Describes implementation details, such as parallel models and performance metrics, so readers can easily utilize the techniques to accelerate their algorithmic programs Appeals to readers from the domain of high performance computing (HPC) who will find the relatively young research domain of swarm intelligence very interesting Includes many real-world applications, which can be of great help in deciding whether or not swarm intelligence algorithms or GPGPU is appropriate for the task at hand