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High Performance Silicon Imaging

High Performance Silicon Imaging
  • Author : Daniel Durini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-19
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : 9780081024355
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Summary : High Performance Silicon Imaging: Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD Sensors, Second Edition, covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, addressing existing performance issues and current and emerging solutions. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, with emerging applications including web, security, automotive and digital cinema cameras. The book has been revised to reflect the latest state-of-the art developments in the field, including 3D imaging, advances in achieving lower signal noise, and new applications for consumer markets. The fundamentals section has also been expanded to include a chapter on the characterization and testing of CMOS and CCD sensors that is crucial to the success of new applications. This book is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor and electronics industries. Covers the fundamentals of silicon-based image sensors and technical advances, focusing on performance issues Looks at image sensors in applications, such as mobile phones, scientific imaging, and TV broadcasting, and in automotive, consumer and biomedical applications Addresses the theory behind 3D imaging and 3D sensor development, including challenges and opportunities

Solid-State Radiation Detectors

Solid-State Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Salah Awadalla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781482262216
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Summary : Integrating aspects of engineering, application physics, and medical science, Solid-State Radiation Detectors: Technology and Applications offers a comprehensive review of new and emerging solid-state materials-based technologies for radiation detection. Each chapter is structured to address the current advantages and challenges of each material and technology presented, as well as to discuss novel research and applications. Featuring contributions from leading experts in industry and academia, this authoritative text: Covers modern semiconductors used for radiation monitoring Examines CdZnTe and CdTe technology for imaging applications including three-dimensional capability detectors Highlights interconnect technology for current pixel detectors Describes hybrid pixel detectors and their characterizations Tackles the integrated analog signal processing read-out front ends for particle detectors Considers new organic materials with direct bandgap for direct energy detection Summarizes recent developments involving lanthanum halide and cerium bromide scintillators Analyzes the potential of recent progress in the field of crystallogenesis, quantum dots, and photonics crystals toward a new concept of x- and gamma-ray detectors based on metamaterials Explores position-sensitivity photomultipliers and silicon photomultipliers for scintillation crystals Solid-State Radiation Detectors: Technology and Applications provides a valuable reference for engineers and scientists looking to enhance the performance of radiation detector technology for medical imaging and other applications.

Hyperspectral Satellites and System Design

Hyperspectral Satellites and System Design
  • Author : Shen-En Qian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-22
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9780429556708
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Summary : Hyperspectral Satellites and System Design is the first book on this subject. It provides a systematic analysis and detailed design of the entire development process of hyperspectral satellites. Derived from the author’s 25-year firsthand experience as a technical lead of space missions at the Canadian Space Agency, the book offers engineers, scientists, and decision-makers detailed knowledge and guidelines on hyperspectral satellite system design, trade-offs, performance modeling and simulation, optimization from component to system level, subsystem design, and implementation strategies. This information will help reduce the risk, shorten the development period, and lower the cost of hyperspectral satellite missions. This book is a must-have reference for professionals in developing hyperspectral satellites and data applications. It is also an excellent introductory book for early practitioners and students who want to learn more about hyperspectral satellites and their applications.

Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) Technology

Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) Technology
  • Author : O. Kononchuk,B.-Y. Nguyen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-19
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780857099259
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Summary : Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) Technology: Manufacture and Applications covers SOI transistors and circuits, manufacture, and reliability. The book also looks at applications such as memory, power devices, and photonics. The book is divided into two parts; part one covers SOI materials and manufacture, while part two covers SOI devices and applications. The book begins with chapters that introduce techniques for manufacturing SOI wafer technology, the electrical properties of advanced SOI materials, and modeling short-channel SOI semiconductor transistors. Both partially depleted and fully depleted SOI technologies are considered. Chapters 6 and 7 concern junctionless and fin-on-oxide field effect transistors. The challenges of variability and electrostatic discharge in CMOS devices are also addressed. Part two covers recent and established technologies. These include SOI transistors for radio frequency applications, SOI CMOS circuits for ultralow-power applications, and improving device performance by using 3D integration of SOI integrated circuits. Finally, chapters 13 and 14 consider SOI technology for photonic integrated circuits and for micro-electromechanical systems and nano-electromechanical sensors. The extensive coverage provided by Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) Technology makes the book a central resource for those working in the semiconductor industry, for circuit design engineers, and for academics. It is also important for electrical engineers in the automotive and consumer electronics sectors. Covers SOI transistors and circuits, as well as manufacturing processes and reliability Looks at applications such as memory, power devices, and photonics

High Mobility Materials for CMOS Applications

High Mobility Materials for CMOS Applications
  • Author : Nadine Collaert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780081020623
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Summary : High Mobility Materials for CMOS Applications provides a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of (Si)Ge and III-V materials and their integration on Si. The book covers material growth and integration on Si, going all the way from device to circuit design. While the book's focus is on digital applications, a number of chapters also address the use of III-V for RF and analog applications, and in optoelectronics. With CMOS technology moving to the 10nm node and beyond, however, severe concerns with power dissipation and performance are arising, hence the need for this timely work on the advantages and challenges of the technology. Addresses each of the challenges of utilizing high mobility materials for CMOS applications, presenting possible solutions and the latest innovations Covers the latest advances in research on heterogeneous integration, gate stack, device design and scalability Provides a broad overview of the topic, from materials integration to circuits

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics
  • Author : Stergios Logothetidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-15
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9781782420439
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Summary : Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials. Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods. Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Hélder A. Santos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-14
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9780857097156
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Summary : Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics

High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications

High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications
  • Author : Jung Han Choi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-19
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 9781351831574
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Summary : Presenting the cutting-edge results of new device developments and circuit implementations, High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications covers the recent advancements of nano devices for terahertz (THz) applications and the latest high-speed data rate connectivity technologies from system design to integrated circuit (IC) design, providing relevant standard activities and technical specifications. Featuring the contributions of leading experts from industry and academia, this pivotal work: Discusses THz sensing and imaging devices based on nano devices and materials Describes silicon on insulator (SOI) multigate nanowire field-effect transistors (FETs) Explains the theory underpinning nanoscale nanowire metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs), simulation methods, and their results Explores the physics of the silicon-germanium (SiGe) heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT), as well as commercially available SiGe HBT devices and their applications Details aspects of THz IC design using standard silicon (Si) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices, including experimental setups for measurements, detection methods, and more An essential text for the future of high-frequency engineering, High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications offers valuable insight into emerging technologies and product possibilities that are attractive in terms of mass production and compatibility with current manufacturing facilities.

Circuits at the Nanoscale

Circuits at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9781420070637
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Summary : Circuits for Emerging Technologies Beyond CMOS New exciting opportunities are abounding in the field of body area networks, wireless communications, data networking, and optical imaging. In response to these developments, top-notch international experts in industry and academia present Circuits at the Nanoscale: Communications, Imaging, and Sensing. This volume, unique in both its scope and its focus, addresses the state-of-the-art in integrated circuit design in the context of emerging systems. A must for anyone serious about circuit design for future technologies, this book discusses emerging materials that can take system performance beyond standard CMOS. These include Silicon on Insulator (SOI), Silicon Germanium (SiGe), and Indium Phosphide (InP). Three-dimensional CMOS integration and co-integration with Microelectromechanical (MEMS) technology and radiation sensors are described as well. Topics in the book are divided into comprehensive sections on emerging design techniques, mixed-signal CMOS circuits, circuits for communications, and circuits for imaging and sensing. Dr. Krzysztof Iniewski is a director at CMOS Emerging Technologies, Inc., a consulting company in Vancouver, British Columbia. His current research interests are in VLSI ciruits for medical applications. He has published over 100 research papers in international journals and conferences, and he holds 18 international patents granted in the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Japan. In this volume, he has assembled the contributions of over 60 world-reknown experts who are at the top of their field in the world of circuit design, advancing the bank of knowledge for all who work in this exciting and burgeoning area.

Photodetectors

Photodetectors
  • Author : Bahram Nabet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-24
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781782424680
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Summary : Photodetectors: Materials, Devices and Applications discusses the devices that convert light to electrical signals, key components in communication, computation, and imaging systems. In recent years, there has been significant improvement in photodetector performance, and this important book reviews some of the key advances in the field. Part one covers materials, detector types, and devices, and includes discussion of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, low-temperature grown gallium arsenide, plasmonic, Si photomultiplier tubes, and organic photodetectors, while part two focuses on important applications of photodetectors, including microwave photonics, communications, high-speed single photon detection, THz detection, resonant cavity enhanced photodetection, photo-capacitors and imaging. Reviews materials, detector types and devices Addresses fabrication techniques, and the advantages and limitations and different types of photodetector Considers a range of application for this important technology Includes discussions of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, and more

Medical Imaging

Medical Imaging
  • Author : Troy Farncombe,Kris Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :740
  • ISBN : 9781351831758
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Summary : The book has two intentions. First, it assembles the latest research in the field of medical imaging technology in one place. Detailed descriptions of current state-of-the-art medical imaging systems (comprised of x-ray CT, MRI, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine) and data processing techniques are discussed. Information is provided that will give interested engineers and scientists a solid foundation from which to build with additional resources. Secondly, it exposes the reader to myriad applications that medical imaging technology has enabled.

Integrated Silicon-based Optical Modulators

Integrated Silicon-based Optical Modulators
  • Author : Kensuke Ogawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 151062581X
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Summary : "This book discusses the principles and the latest progress of silicon optical modulators as cutting-edge integrated photonic devices on silicon-photonic platforms, which play key roles in modern optical communications with low power consumption, small footprints, and low manufacturing costs. Silicon Mach-Zehnder optical modulators are emphasized as the principal small-footprint optical modulator because of its superior performance in high-speed optical modulation at operational temperatures beyond 100 degrees Celsius without power-consuming thermo-electric cooling in spectral bands over 100 nm"--

Guided Wave Optics and Photonic Devices

Guided Wave Optics and Photonic Devices
  • Author : Shyamal Bhadra,Ajoy Ghatak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9781466506145
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Summary : Guided Wave Optics and Photonic Devices introduces readers to a broad cross-section of topics in this area, from the basics of guided wave optics and nonlinear optics to biophotonics. The book is inspired by and expands on lectures delivered by distinguished speakers at a three-week school on guided wave optics and devices organized at the CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute in Kolkata in 2011. An Introduction to Guided Wave Optics and Photonic Devices: Principles, Applications, and Future Directions The book discusses the concept of modes in a guided medium from first principles, emphasizing the importance of dispersion properties in optical fibers. It describes fabrication and characterization techniques of rare-earth-doped optical fibers for amplifiers and lasers, with an eye to future applications. Avoiding complex mathematical formalism, it also presents the basic theory and operational principles of fiber amplifiers and lasers. The book examines techniques for writing fiber Bragg gratings, which are of particular interest for smart sensing applications. A chapter focuses on the fundamental principles of Fourier optics and its implementation in guided wave optics. In addition, the book explains the critical phenomena of soliton dynamics and supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber, including its fabrication process and characteristics. It also looks at plasmonics in guided media and nonlinearity in stratified media—both key areas for future research. The last chapter explores the importance of lasers in biophotonic applications. Written by experts engaged in teaching, research, and development in optics and photonics, this reference brings together fundamentals and recent advances in one volume. It offers a valuable overview of the field for students and researchers alike and identifies directions for future research in guided wave and photonic device technology.

Comprehensive Biomedical Physics

Comprehensive Biomedical Physics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-25
  • Total pages :4056
  • ISBN : 9780444536334
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Summary : Comprehensive Biomedical Physics is a new reference work that provides the first point of entry to the literature for all scientists interested in biomedical physics. It is of particularly use for graduate and postgraduate students in the areas of medical biophysics. This Work is indispensable to all serious readers in this interdisciplinary area where physics is applied in medicine and biology. Written by leading scientists who have evaluated and summarized the most important methods, principles, technologies and data within the field, Comprehensive Biomedical Physics is a vital addition to the reference libraries of those working within the areas of medical imaging, radiation sources, detectors, biology, safety and therapy, physiology, and pharmacology as well as in the treatment of different clinical conditions and bioinformatics. This Work will be valuable to students working in all aspect of medical biophysics, including medical imaging and biomedical radiation science and therapy, physiology, pharmacology and treatment of clinical conditions and bioinformatics. The most comprehensive work on biomedical physics ever published Covers one of the fastest growing areas in the physical sciences, including interdisciplinary areas ranging from advanced nuclear physics and quantum mechanics through mathematics to molecular biology and medicine Contains 1800 illustrations, all in full color

High-Performance AD and DA Converters, IC Design in Scaled Technologies, and Time-Domain Signal Processing

High-Performance AD and DA Converters, IC Design in Scaled Technologies, and Time-Domain Signal Processing
  • Author : Pieter Harpe,Andrea Baschirotto,Kofi A. A. Makinwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-23
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9783319079387
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Summary : This book is based on the 18 tutorials presented during the 23rd workshop on Advances in Analog Circuit Design. Expert designers present readers with information about a variety of topics at the frontier of analog circuit design, serving as a valuable reference to the state-of-the-art, for anyone involved in analog circuit research and development.

Digital Silicon Photomultiplier

Digital Silicon Photomultiplier
  • Author : Nicola D'Ascenzo,Qingguo Xie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 3110603969
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Summary : The book is intended as a detailed guide to use and evaluate the modern digital technology to build modern PET systems. Digital Positron Emission Tomography represents the most modern trend among non-invasive functional nuclear imaging techniques. The term digital is interpreted both in terms of hardware configuration and in terms of data stream analysis. Modern miniaturized sensors realized in Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor technology allow to reduce the physical size of detecting pixels to the sub-millimetric range. The new Multi Voltage Threshold method allows to digitize the signals from each pixel within few hundred picoseconds and to collect digital data for further analysis. The modern concept of digital PET requires new techniques of digital data analysis and physical interpretation based on high performance computing platforms, and requires also to define new methods and strategies for the verification of the medical product quality standards.

Fourier Ptychographic Imaging

Fourier Ptychographic Imaging
  • Author : Guoan Zheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-30
  • Total pages :94
  • ISBN : 9781681742731
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Summary : This book demonstrates the concept of Fourier ptychography, a new imaging technique that bypasses the resolution limit of the employed optics. In particular, it transforms the general challenge of high-throughput, high-resolution imaging from one that is coupled to the physical limitations of the optics to one that is solvable through computation. Demonstrated in a tutorial form and providing many MATLAB® simulation examples for the reader, it also discusses the experimental implementation and recent developments of Fourier ptychography. This book will be of interest to researchers and engineers learning simulation techniques for Fourier optics and the Fourier ptychography concept.

Silicon Photonics Design

Silicon Photonics Design
  • Author : Lukas Chrostowski,Michael Hochberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-12
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 9781107085459
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Summary : This hands-on introduction to silicon photonics engineering equips students with everything they need to begin creating foundry-ready designs.

SERI Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development Bibliography, 1982-1985

SERI Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development Bibliography, 1982-1985
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : UOM:39015026542483
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Summary :

Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging

Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging
  • Author : Jan S. Iwanczyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :335
  • ISBN : 9781498766821
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Summary : Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging discusses the current state of the art and future prospects of photon-counting detectors for medical imaging applications. Featuring contributions from leading experts and pioneers in their respective fields, this book: Describes x-ray spectral imaging detectors based on cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) materials Presents novel computed tomography (CT) and x-ray clinical applications of photon-counting detectors Considers the future use of CT scanners as both an anatomical and a functional modality in areas typically reserved for nuclear medicine techniques Addresses pulse pileup, incomplete charge collection, and other phenomena that can degrade the spectral response of photon-counting detectors Examines silicon photomultipliers used in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) systems Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging explores cutting-edge technologies that play a vital role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of major human diseases, including heart disease and cancer—the top killers in developed countries.

High-Speed and Lower Power Technologies

High-Speed and Lower Power Technologies
  • Author : Jung Han Choi,Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9781351242271
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Summary : This book explores up-to-date research trends and achievements on low-power and high-speed technologies in both electronics and optics. It offers unique insight into low-power and high-speed approaches ranging from devices, ICs, sub-systems and networks that can be exploited for future mobile devices, 5G networks, Internet of Things (IoT), and data centers. It collects heterogeneous topics in place to catch and predict future research directions of devices, circuits, subsystems, and networks for low-power and higher-speed technologies. Even it handles about artificial intelligence (AI) showing examples how AI technology can be combined with concurrent electronics. Written by top international experts in both industry and academia, the book discusses new devices, such as Si-on-chip laser, interconnections using graphenes, machine learning combined with CMOS technology, progresses of SiGe devices for higher-speed electronices for optic, co-design low-power and high-speed circuits for optical interconnect, low-power network-on-chip (NoC) router, X-ray quantum counting, and a design of low-power power amplifiers. Covers modern high-speed and low-power electronics and photonics. Discusses novel nano-devices, electronics & photonic sub-systems for high-speed and low-power systems, and many other emerging technologies like Si photonic technology, Si-on-chip laser, low-power driver for optic device, and network-on-chip router. Includes practical applications and recent results with respect to emerging low-power systems. Addresses the future perspective of silicon photonics as a low-power interconnections and communication applications.