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High Performance Silicon Imaging

High Performance Silicon Imaging
  • Author : Daniel Durini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-14
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780857097521
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Summary : High Performance Silicon Imaging covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, with a focus on existing performance issues and potential solutions. The book considers several applications for the technology as well. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, and emerging applications include web, security, automotive, and digital cinema cameras. Part one begins with a review of the fundamental principles of photosensing and the operational principles of silicon image sensors. It then focuses in on charged coupled device (CCD) image sensors and complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors. The performance issues considered include image quality, sensitivity, data transfer rate, system level integration, rate of power consumption, and the potential for 3D imaging. Part two then discusses how CMOS technology can be used in a range of areas, including in mobile devices, image sensors for automotive applications, sensors for several forms of scientific imaging, and sensors for medical applications. High Performance Silicon Imaging is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor, and electronics industries. Covers the fundamentals of silicon-based image sensors and technical advances, focusing on performance issues Looks at image sensors in applications such as mobile phones, scientific imaging, TV broadcasting, automotive, and biomedical applications

Smart CMOS Image Sensors and Applications

Smart CMOS Image Sensors and Applications
  • Author : Jun Ohta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-12
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 9781498797344
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Summary : Revised and expanded for this new edition, Smart CMOS Image Sensors and Applications, Second Edition is the only book available devoted to smart CMOS image sensors and applications. The book describes the fundamentals of CMOS image sensors and optoelectronic device physics, and introduces typical CMOS image sensor structures, such as the active pixel sensor (APS). Also included are the functions and materials of smart CMOS image sensors and present examples of smart imaging. Various applications of smart CMOS image sensors are also discussed. Several appendices supply a range of information on constants, illuminance, MOSFET characteristics, and optical resolution. Expansion of smart materials, smart imaging and applications, including biotechnology and optical wireless communication, are included. Features • Covers the fundamentals and applications including smart materials, smart imaging, and various applications • Includes comprehensive references • Discusses a wide variety of applications of smart CMOS image sensors including biotechnology and optical wireless communication • Revised and expanded to include the state of the art of smart image sensors

Radiation Imaging Detectors Using SOI Technology

Radiation Imaging Detectors Using SOI Technology
  • Author : Yasuo Arai,Ikuo Kurachi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-15
  • Total pages :71
  • ISBN : 9781627056915
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Summary : Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) technology is widely used in high-performance and low-power semiconductor devices. The SOI wafers have two layers of active silicon (Si), and normally the bottom Si layer is a mere physical structure. The idea of making intelligent pixel detectors by using the bottom Si layer as sensors for X-ray, infrared light, high-energy particles, neutrons, etc. emerged from very early days of the SOI technology. However, there have been several difficult issues with fabricating such detectors and they have not become very popular until recently. This book offers a comprehensive overview of the basic concepts and research issues of SOI radiation image detectors. It introduces basic issues to implement the SOI detector and presents how to solve these issues. It also reveals fundamental techniques, improvement of radiation tolerance, applications, and examples of the detectors. Since the SOI detector has both a thick sensing region and CMOS transistors in a monolithic die, many ideas have emerged to utilize this technology. This book is a good introduction for people who want to develop or use SOI detectors.

Photodetectors

Photodetectors
  • Author : Bahram Nabet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-24
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781782424680
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Summary : Photodetectors: Materials, Devices and Applications discusses the devices that convert light to electrical signals, key components in communication, computation, and imaging systems. In recent years, there has been significant improvement in photodetector performance, and this important book reviews some of the key advances in the field. Part one covers materials, detector types, and devices, and includes discussion of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, low-temperature grown gallium arsenide, plasmonic, Si photomultiplier tubes, and organic photodetectors, while part two focuses on important applications of photodetectors, including microwave photonics, communications, high-speed single photon detection, THz detection, resonant cavity enhanced photodetection, photo-capacitors and imaging. Reviews materials, detector types and devices Addresses fabrication techniques, and the advantages and limitations and different types of photodetector Considers a range of application for this important technology Includes discussions of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, and more

Solid-State Radiation Detectors

Solid-State Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Salah Awadalla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781482262216
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Summary : Integrating aspects of engineering, application physics, and medical science, Solid-State Radiation Detectors: Technology and Applications offers a comprehensive review of new and emerging solid-state materials-based technologies for radiation detection. Each chapter is structured to address the current advantages and challenges of each material and technology presented, as well as to discuss novel research and applications. Featuring contributions from leading experts in industry and academia, this authoritative text: Covers modern semiconductors used for radiation monitoring Examines CdZnTe and CdTe technology for imaging applications including three-dimensional capability detectors Highlights interconnect technology for current pixel detectors Describes hybrid pixel detectors and their characterizations Tackles the integrated analog signal processing read-out front ends for particle detectors Considers new organic materials with direct bandgap for direct energy detection Summarizes recent developments involving lanthanum halide and cerium bromide scintillators Analyzes the potential of recent progress in the field of crystallogenesis, quantum dots, and photonics crystals toward a new concept of x- and gamma-ray detectors based on metamaterials Explores position-sensitivity photomultipliers and silicon photomultipliers for scintillation crystals Solid-State Radiation Detectors: Technology and Applications provides a valuable reference for engineers and scientists looking to enhance the performance of radiation detector technology for medical imaging and other applications.

Liquid Crystal on Silicon Devices

Liquid Crystal on Silicon Devices
  • Author : Andrés Márquez,Ángel Lizana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-19
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9783039218288
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Summary : Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) has become one of the most widespread technologies for spatial light modulation in optics and photonics applications. These reflective microdisplays are composed of a high-performance silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) backplane, which controls the light-modulating properties of the liquid crystal layer. State-of-the-art LCoS microdisplays may exhibit a very small pixel pitch (below 4 μm), a very large number of pixels (resolutions larger than 4K), and high fill factors (larger than 90%). They modulate illumination sources covering the UV, visible, and far IR. LCoS are used not only as displays but also as polarization, amplitude, and phase-only spatial light modulators, where they achieve full phase modulation. Due to their excellent modulating properties and high degree of flexibility, they are found in all sorts of spatial light modulation applications, such as in LCOS-based display systems for augmented and virtual reality, true holographic displays, digital holography, diffractive optical elements, superresolution optical systems, beam-steering devices, holographic optical traps, and quantum optical computing. In order to fulfil the requirements in this extensive range of applications, specific models and characterization techniques are proposed. These devices may exhibit a number of degradation effects such as interpixel cross-talk and fringing field, and time flicker, which may also depend on the analog or digital backplane of the corresponding LCoS device. The use of appropriate characterization and compensation techniques is then necessary.

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Hélder A. Santos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-14
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9780857097156
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Summary : Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics

High Performance CMOS Range Imaging

High Performance CMOS Range Imaging
  • Author : Andreas Süss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-24
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9781315643885
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Summary : This work is dedicated to CMOS based imaging with the emphasis on the noise modeling, characterization and optimization in order to contribute to the design of high performance imagers in general and range imagers in particular. CMOS is known to be superior to CCD due to its flexibility in terms of integration capabilities, but typically has to be

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105019586408
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Summary :

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021108068
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Circuits at the Nanoscale

Circuits at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9781420070637
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Summary : Circuits for Emerging Technologies Beyond CMOS New exciting opportunities are abounding in the field of body area networks, wireless communications, data networking, and optical imaging. In response to these developments, top-notch international experts in industry and academia present Circuits at the Nanoscale: Communications, Imaging, and Sensing. This volume, unique in both its scope and its focus, addresses the state-of-the-art in integrated circuit design in the context of emerging systems. A must for anyone serious about circuit design for future technologies, this book discusses emerging materials that can take system performance beyond standard CMOS. These include Silicon on Insulator (SOI), Silicon Germanium (SiGe), and Indium Phosphide (InP). Three-dimensional CMOS integration and co-integration with Microelectromechanical (MEMS) technology and radiation sensors are described as well. Topics in the book are divided into comprehensive sections on emerging design techniques, mixed-signal CMOS circuits, circuits for communications, and circuits for imaging and sensing. Dr. Krzysztof Iniewski is a director at CMOS Emerging Technologies, Inc., a consulting company in Vancouver, British Columbia. His current research interests are in VLSI ciruits for medical applications. He has published over 100 research papers in international journals and conferences, and he holds 18 international patents granted in the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Japan. In this volume, he has assembled the contributions of over 60 world-reknown experts who are at the top of their field in the world of circuit design, advancing the bank of knowledge for all who work in this exciting and burgeoning area.

High-Speed and Lower Power Technologies

High-Speed and Lower Power Technologies
  • Author : Jung Han Choi,Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9781351242271
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Summary : This book explores up-to-date research trends and achievements on low-power and high-speed technologies in both electronics and optics. It offers unique insight into low-power and high-speed approaches ranging from devices, ICs, sub-systems and networks that can be exploited for future mobile devices, 5G networks, Internet of Things (IoT), and data centers. It collects heterogeneous topics in place to catch and predict future research directions of devices, circuits, subsystems, and networks for low-power and higher-speed technologies. Even it handles about artificial intelligence (AI) showing examples how AI technology can be combined with concurrent electronics. Written by top international experts in both industry and academia, the book discusses new devices, such as Si-on-chip laser, interconnections using graphenes, machine learning combined with CMOS technology, progresses of SiGe devices for higher-speed electronices for optic, co-design low-power and high-speed circuits for optical interconnect, low-power network-on-chip (NoC) router, X-ray quantum counting, and a design of low-power power amplifiers. Covers modern high-speed and low-power electronics and photonics. Discusses novel nano-devices, electronics & photonic sub-systems for high-speed and low-power systems, and many other emerging technologies like Si photonic technology, Si-on-chip laser, low-power driver for optic device, and network-on-chip router. Includes practical applications and recent results with respect to emerging low-power systems. Addresses the future perspective of silicon photonics as a low-power interconnections and communication applications.

Amorphous Silicon Technology

Amorphous Silicon Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034004625
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Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435032775199
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High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications

High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications
  • Author : Jung Han Choi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-19
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 9781351831574
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Summary : Presenting the cutting-edge results of new device developments and circuit implementations, High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications covers the recent advancements of nano devices for terahertz (THz) applications and the latest high-speed data rate connectivity technologies from system design to integrated circuit (IC) design, providing relevant standard activities and technical specifications. Featuring the contributions of leading experts from industry and academia, this pivotal work: Discusses THz sensing and imaging devices based on nano devices and materials Describes silicon on insulator (SOI) multigate nanowire field-effect transistors (FETs) Explains the theory underpinning nanoscale nanowire metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs), simulation methods, and their results Explores the physics of the silicon-germanium (SiGe) heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT), as well as commercially available SiGe HBT devices and their applications Details aspects of THz IC design using standard silicon (Si) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices, including experimental setups for measurements, detection methods, and more An essential text for the future of high-frequency engineering, High-Speed Devices and Circuits with THz Applications offers valuable insight into emerging technologies and product possibilities that are attractive in terms of mass production and compatibility with current manufacturing facilities.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112075701497
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Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging

Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging
  • Author : Jan S. Iwanczyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :335
  • ISBN : 9781498766821
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Summary : Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging discusses the current state of the art and future prospects of photon-counting detectors for medical imaging applications. Featuring contributions from leading experts and pioneers in their respective fields, this book: Describes x-ray spectral imaging detectors based on cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) materials Presents novel computed tomography (CT) and x-ray clinical applications of photon-counting detectors Considers the future use of CT scanners as both an anatomical and a functional modality in areas typically reserved for nuclear medicine techniques Addresses pulse pileup, incomplete charge collection, and other phenomena that can degrade the spectral response of photon-counting detectors Examines silicon photomultipliers used in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) systems Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging explores cutting-edge technologies that play a vital role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of major human diseases, including heart disease and cancer—the top killers in developed countries.

Silicon Photonics Design

Silicon Photonics Design
  • Author : Lukas Chrostowski,Michael Hochberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-12
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 9781107085459
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Summary : This hands-on introduction to silicon photonics engineering equips students with everything they need to begin creating foundry-ready designs.

Growth and Characterization of Materials for Infrared Detectors II

Growth and Characterization of Materials for Infrared Detectors II
  • Author : Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105017100301
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Growth and Characterization of Materials for Infrared Detectors

Growth and Characterization of Materials for Infrared Detectors
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034828965
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Lasers & Optronics

Lasers & Optronics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112048840455
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Summary :