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The Cellular Basis of Central Nervous System HIV-1 Infection and the AIDS Dementia Complex

The Cellular Basis of Central Nervous System HIV-1 Infection and the AIDS Dementia Complex
  • Author : Richard W Price,John J Sidtis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-12
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781135907976
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Summary : In this exciting symposium, the editor brings to print important new information on AIDS and how HIV affects the brain. Each chapter focuses on one or more of the cell types that reside in or traffic through the central nervous system (CNS). Each of these cells is important to considerations of the pathogenesis of the CNS. Neurologists, AIDS physicians, and other professionals caring for AIDS patients will find that this “cell-based” view provides a unique perspective and that it will guide and stimulate future investigation of this clinically important and pathogenetically intriguing disorder. The editor also introduces some general considerations for therapeutic intervention of AIDS dementia complex (ADC). The contributors to The Cellular Basis of Central Nervous System HIV-1 Infection and the AIDS Dementia Complex deal with the cells and mechanisms involved in HIV-1 brain infection and the resultant ADC. Each author was asked to review the involvement of their assigned cells in CNS HIV-1 infection and how these cells might be involved in the pathology and process of brain injury associated with ADC. Readers will be enlightened on the functional roles of various cells and how these cells and mechanisms might fit into the broader picture of ADC pathogenesis.

HIV/AIDS and the Nervous System

HIV/AIDS and the Nervous System
  • Author : Peter Portegies,Joseph R. Berger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : 9780444520104
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Summary : This volume provides a comprehensive understanding of HIV/AIDS and neuro-AIDS, including a history of the disease, and an explanation of many of the conditions that can arise in afflicted patients, including opportunistic infections, central nervous system tumors, spinal cord disorders, myopathies and progressive encephalopathy, amongst others. Clinicians will gain a greater understanding of the complex mechanisms of the disease. Beginning with a basic introduction to HIV infections and Neuro-AIDS, practitioners will find useful data on advances in molecular biology, neuroepidemiology, neuroimaging, neuropathology, neuropharmacology, as well as information on the development of therapeutic strategies appropriate for the disorder, including groundbreaking retroviral therapies. In addition, the socioeconomic and political constraints that hinder treatment and disease management in developing parts of the world are presented. * A comprehensive understanding of HIV/AIDS and neuro-AIDS, and the progression of the scientific community's understanding of the disease * Detailed information on fields such as neuroepidemiology, neuropathology, neuropharmacology, and neuroimaging and their contributions to HIV/AIDS research * Subject specific chapters on conditions associated with HIV/AIDS, including opportunistic infections, central nervous system tumors, and myopathies, amongst others

Advances in HIV and AIDS Control

Advances in HIV and AIDS Control
  • Author : Samuel Ikwaras Okware
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-12
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9781789846027
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Summary : The HIV epidemic has had a significant and profound impact on the world and health resources. Considerable progress has been made in understanding the risks and drivers of the epidemic. Antiretroviral drugs have relieved human suffering and prolonged life. However, access to quality management needs to scale up and be made universal. This book discusses critical issues related to the treatment of HIV infection and related co-infections and challenges in adherence and discordancy. New vaccine approaches discussed may provide the ultimate solution for eradication. Sharing knowledge from various experts in medical and basic sciences improves the quality of care for this persistent global threat. This book discusses emerging advances in HIV-AIDS management to support strategies for control and elimination.

Neuro-AIDS

Neuro-AIDS
  • Author : Alireza Minagar,Paul Shapshak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 159454610X
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Summary : During the past two decades, the world scientific community has witnessed major achievements in our understanding of the pathogenesis of HIV infection of the nervous system and HIV-Associated Dementia (HAD). Despite these giant gains, nervous system involvement during AIDS remains a relentlessly progressive disease with a deadly fate in many cases. This book on NeuroAIDS provides a unique resource for both general neurologists as well as basic neuroscientists with profound interests for research on NeuroAIDS. This book has special emphasis on the mechanisms of disease development and progression of HIV-infected patients with NeuroAIDS. The contributors have provided the readers with comprehensive reviews on clinical manifestations of HAD, mechanisms of HIV entry into the central nervous system, the role of cytokines and chemokines in pathogenesis of NeuroAIDS, drug abuse and NeuroAIDS, virus load in HAD, allostasis in HIV and AIDS, stroke in AIDS patients, and neuroimaging of HIV infection of the central nervous system. In addition, there are chapters on Varicella Zoster virus infection of HIV-seropositive and AIDS patients, as well as the molecular basis for opioids and AIDS virus interactions.

The Neurology of HIV Infection

The Neurology of HIV Infection
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-29
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780444638502
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Summary : The Neurology of HIV Infection covers all aspects of nervous system involvement and pathology in HIV-infected individuals. Specialists in this field cover epidemiology, global aspects, pathology and pathogenesis of nervous system disease in HIV-infection. All complications, including the pathology caused by HIV itself and all opportunistic infections of the nervous system are reviewed in detail. Both central nervous and peripheral nervous system complications, including neuropathies and myopathies, are discussed. Key chapters on global developments, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders, IRIS, stroke and neuro-aids in children complete this volume. Covers all aspects of nervous system involvement and pathology in HIV-infected individuals Includes the pathology caused by HIV and all opportunistic infections of the nervous system Presents key chapters that focus on global developments, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders, IRIS, stroke and neuro-aids in children

HIV Neurology

HIV Neurology
  • Author : Bruce Brew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : UOM:39015050554156
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Summary : This text provides a clinical framework for the diagnosis and management of more than seventy potential neurological complications that may occur in the HIV infected patient. The clinical framework is designed to be "user friendly" so that even the most inexperienced clinician should be able to arrive at the correct diagnosis. The neurological complications of HIV disease have considerably changed in the last decade. Not only have more opportunistic conditions been described but other complications arising from antiretroviral drugs such as lipodystrophy and accelerated atherosclerosis have become problematic. Moreover, the pattern of complications has altered. Diseases such as cerebral toxoplasmosis, AIDS dementia complex and primary central nervous system lymphoma are now becoming uncommon to rare while peripheral neuropathy is becoming increasingly common. In line with these changes, there have been very significant advances in the therapy of HIV disease in general and in neurological complications in particular. Patients with AIDS dementia complex now have a variety of antiretroviral and adjuvant drugs available to them in contrast to the situation only five years ago where therapy was confined to two antiretroviral drugs at best.

Infections of the Central Nervous System

Infections of the Central Nervous System
  • Author : Fabrice Chretien,Kum Thong Wong,Leroy R. Sharer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-08
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781119467793
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Summary : Highly commended at the British Medical Association (BMA) Awards 2019, this new volume from the International Society of Neuropathology series addresses infections of the nervous system, written by expert editors. An expansive and inclusive contents list including rare disorders presented in easily referable chapters, containing; definitions, microbiological characteristics, epidemiology, clinical features, lab tests, pathology, genetics and treatment.

The Neurology of AIDS

The Neurology of AIDS
  • Author : Howard E. Gendelman, MD,Igor Grant, MD,Ian Paul Everall, MD, PhD,Howard S. Fox, MD, PhD,Harris A. Gelbard, MD, PhD,Stuart A. Lipton, MD, PhD,Susan Swindells, MBBS
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-29
  • Total pages :1160
  • ISBN : 9780199875559
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Summary : From basic science to clinical care, to epidemiological disease patters, The Neurology of AIDS is the only complete textbook available on AIDS neurology and the only one comprehensive enough to stand alone in each segment of study in brain disorders affected by the human immunodeficiency virus. It is an indispensable resource for students, resident physicians, practicing physicians, and for researchers and experts in the HIV/AIDS field. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

Global Virology II - HIV and NeuroAIDS

Global Virology II - HIV and NeuroAIDS
  • Author : Paul Shapshak,Andrew J. Levine,Brian T. Foley,Charurut Somboonwit,Elyse Singer,Francesco Chiappelli,John T. Sinnott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-07
  • Total pages :1067
  • ISBN : 9781493972906
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Summary : This book on NeuroAIDS, a collection of chapters written by experts and specialists from around the world, provides a global perspective on HIV and NeuroAIDS in the field, clinic, and laboratory. The chapters address the comorbidity of HIV and other infectious agents, including Zika virus, Ebola, Chagas disease, TB and HCV. Also discussed are key topics, such as: · Molecular socioepidemiology · Global HIV and NeuroAIDS · Neuropathology · cART and blood-brain barrier penetration · HIV replicative oscillations · HIV and SIV evolution · Psychiatric comorbidities · Neurosyphilis · The examination of current and innovative models of translational research to translational effectiveness

AIDS and the Nervous System

AIDS and the Nervous System
  • Author : Mark L. Rosenblum,Robert M. Levy,Dale E. Bredesen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : UOM:39015012591718
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Summary :

HIV and the Brain

HIV and the Brain
  • Author : Robert H. Paul,Ned Charlton Sacktor,Victor Valcour,Karen Tokie Tashima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-20
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 1597454346
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Summary : Written by leading experts, this book offers a picture of how HIV impairs the brain, focusing on emerging areas including genetic strains of the virus, interactions between advanced age and HIV, and the impact of HIV on the brain during antiretroviral therapy.

Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa

Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Author : Dean T. Jamison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-01
  • Total pages :387
  • ISBN : 9780821363980
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Summary : Current data and trends in morbidity and mortality for the sub-Saharan Region as presented in this new edition reflect the heavy toll that HIV/AIDS has had on health indicators, leading to either a stalling or reversal of the gains made, not just for communicable disorders, but for cancers, as well as mental and neurological disorders.

Neuropsychology of HIV Infection

Neuropsychology of HIV Infection
  • Author : Igor Grant,Alex Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :385
  • ISBN : 0195072251
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Summary : The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) commonly enters the central nervous system, disturbs brain function, and ultimately results in serious brain damage. The most dangerous manifestation of this infection of the brain is HIV-associated dementia, which includes extreme memory loss, slowness in thinking, disorientation, and social incapacity. Most persons who are HIV-infected do not develop severe dementia; however, perhaps 50% of those with AIDS and a smaller proportion of HIV-infected carriers suffer from more subtle brain disorders that can be revealed by proper neuropsychological testing. This ground-breaking volume is the first to summarize the current state of knowledge about the neurocognitive disorders associated with HIV-1 infection. With contributions from leading authorities in the field, the book fully discusses the prevalence, qualitative features, natural course, and effects of neuropsychological impairments in persons with HIV infection. Neuropsychological data are related to findings from studies of brain imaging, neuropathology, and the effects of antiretroviral treatments. This critical work will be essential for neuropsychologists, infectious disease physicians, neurologists, and all those involved in AIDS research and treatment.

HIV/AIDS and the Nervous System

HIV/AIDS and the Nervous System
  • Author : Peter Portegies,Joseph R. Berger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : 9780444520104
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Summary : This volume provides a comprehensive understanding of HIV/AIDS and neuro-AIDS, including a history of the disease, and an explanation of many of the conditions that can arise in afflicted patients, including opportunistic infections, central nervous system tumors, spinal cord disorders, myopathies and progressive encephalopathy, amongst others. Clinicians will gain a greater understanding of the complex mechanisms of the disease. Beginning with a basic introduction to HIV infections and Neuro-AIDS, practitioners will find useful data on advances in molecular biology, neuroepidemiology, neuroimaging, neuropathology, neuropharmacology, as well as information on the development of therapeutic strategies appropriate for the disorder, including groundbreaking retroviral therapies. In addition, the socioeconomic and political constraints that hinder treatment and disease management in developing parts of the world are presented. * A comprehensive understanding of HIV/AIDS and neuro-AIDS, and the progression of the scientific community's understanding of the disease * Detailed information on fields such as neuroepidemiology, neuropathology, neuropharmacology, and neuroimaging and their contributions to HIV/AIDS research * Subject specific chapters on conditions associated with HIV/AIDS, including opportunistic infections, central nervous system tumors, and myopathies, amongst others

Tuberculosis of the Central Nervous System

Tuberculosis of the Central Nervous System
  • Author : Mehmet Turgut,Ali Akhaddar,Ahmet T. Turgut,Ravindra K. Garg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-13
  • Total pages :633
  • ISBN : 9783319507125
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Summary : Written and edited by leading international authorities in the field, this book provides an in-depth review of knowledge of tuberculosis of the central nervous system, with emphasis on clinical, diagnostics, and therapeutic features. Tuberculosis, one of the most lethal diseases in human history, still poses a serious threat in the world together with economic and social problems, although a great progress in the fight against this infectious disease in the last century. It covers the full range of tuberculosis of central nervous system and the chapters are organized into six sections: (1) the cranial; (2) the spinal; and (3) the peripheral portions of the nervous system; followed by (4) a section on the laboratory studies in tuberculosis; (5) a section on medical and surgical therapy; and (6) further insights into tuberculosis. This comprehensive reference book will be an ideal source for neurosurgeons, neurologists and specialists upon infectious diseases seeking both basic and more sophisticated information and surgical procedures relating to the complications associated with tuberculosis involving the spine, brain and peripheral nerves.

Radiology of HIV/AIDS

Radiology of HIV/AIDS
  • Author : Hongjun Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-06
  • Total pages :902
  • ISBN : 9789400778238
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern methodology, diagnostic methods and techniques of HIV/AIDS imaging. It starts with a general review of HIV/AIDS imaging and evidence based medicine (EBM). In the following chapters, authors introduce 13 of most common types of AIDS/HIV-associated diseases separately. High-quality examples combined with computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), gross anatomy and pathology images are clearly illustrated. Moreover, the use of functional imaging in HIV/AIDS diagnosis and differential diagnosis is an essential part that diagnostic doctors will find to be useful.

HIV and Disability

HIV and Disability
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Social Security HIV Disability Criteria
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-17
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 030917712X
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Summary : The Social Security Administration (SSA) uses a screening tool called the Listing of Impairments to identify claimants who are so severely impaired that they cannot work at all and thus qualify for disability benefits. In this report, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) makes several recommendations for improving SSA's capacity for determining disability benefits more accurately and quickly using the HIV Infection Listings.

The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping

The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping
  • Author : Susan Folkman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :469
  • ISBN : 9780195375343
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Summary : The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping is an essential reference work for students, practitioners, and researchers across the fields of health psychology, medicine, and palliative care. Featuring 22 topic-based chapters -- including two by Folkman -- this volume offers unprecedented coverage of the two primary research topics related to stress and coping: mitigating stress-related harms and sustaining well-being in the face of stress. Both topics are addressed within their relevant contexts, including chronic illness, calamity, bereavement, and social hardship. This handbook is sure to serve as the benchmark publication in this growing field for years to come.

Radiology of AIDS

Radiology of AIDS
  • Author : Jacques W. A. J. Reeders,John Bedford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 3540665102
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Summary : The diseases that affect AIDS patients give rise to many and varied appearances on radiological images. This superbly illustrated book, which addresses the imaging of AIDS by organ system, is designed to serve as a practical guide to the performance and interpretation of imaging studies in daily clinical practice. It encompasses both the older, accepted appearances of AIDS on radiographs and characteristic presentations on the newer imaging modalities. In addition to the many organ-specific chapters, individual chapters are included on dermatologic AIDS-related disorders, pediatric AIDS radiology,AIDS in the tropics, AIDS-related interventional procedures, and prevention of HIV transmission among health care workers. All chapters are written by experts with extensive clinical experience in dealing with the AIDS pandemic. The breadth of material and liberal references will also serve physicians in training and research doctors. TOC:Introduction.- HIV in America, 1981 to 2000 - Therapeutic and Epidemiologic Considerations.- The Clinical Spectrum of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection.- The Pathological Patterns of AIDS.- CNS Manifestations of AIDS.- Imaging of Spinal Cord Lesions and the Peripheral Nervous System in AIDS.- Chest Radiology in AIDS.- Abdominal AIDS Imaging- Luminal Tract Manifestations.- Abdominal AIDS Imaging - Hepato Biliary and Pancreatic Manifestations.- Imaging Retroperitoneal Disorders in Patients Infected with HIV.- Radiologic Evaluation of the Acute Abdomen in AIDS.- Musculoskeletal Imaging in AIDS.- Dermatologic AIDS-Related Disorders.- Pediatric AIDS Imaging-. AIDS in the Tropics.- AIDS-Related Interventional Procedures.- HIV Transmission Prevention for Health Care Workers.- Different Radiological Patterns in AIDS.- Subject Index.- List of Contributors.

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS
  • Author : Nancy Dumais
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-22
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 9789535129615
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Summary : With increasing efficacy of antiretroviral therapy, HIV/AIDS has shifted from a disease with high mortality to a chronic illness with substantial longevity. However, researchers, physicians and social workers still face many challenges, and it is important to raise awareness on several aspects that people living with HIV/AIDS have to deal in their daily lives. This book has assembled an array of chapters on the medical, social and economic aspects of HIV/AIDS. The chapters were written by experts from around the globe reflecting the importance of the topic. This book will be of great interest not only to graduate students but also to active academics and practitioners.

HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care

HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care
  • Author : Irina Eramova,Srdan Matic,Monique Munz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : IND:30000125237267
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Summary : The WHO Regional Office for Europe has combined its 13 protocols on treatment of and care for people with HIV and AIDS in one volume. The protocols are the cornerstone of the strategic actions that WHO has taken as part of its contribution to achieving the goal of universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support services. The protocols were specifically developed for the entire WHO European Region. Together, they represent a comprehensive and evidence-based tool that offers health professionals clear and specific advice on diagnosing and managing a wide range of health issues related to HIV/AIDS for adults, adolescents and children, including antiretroviral treatment, the management of opportunistic infections, tuberculosis, hepatitis, injecting drug use, sexual and reproductive health, the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission, immunization, palliative care and post-exposure prophylaxis. [Ed.]