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Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties

Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties
  • Author : Juan J. Novoa,Dario Braga,Lia Addadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-14
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 1402068239
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Summary : This volume collects the state of the art in molecular materials. It collects the lecture notes of a series of lectures given by some of the best specialists in the field at the 2007 Erice International School of Crystallography, and also a NATO-ASI course. The school first established "where we are" in terms of modeling, design, synthesis and applications of crystalline solids with predefined properties and then defined current and possible futuristic lines of development.

Journal of the Indian Institute of Science

Journal of the Indian Institute of Science
  • Author : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822009605239
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Summary :

Handbook of Solid State Chemistry, 6 Volume Set

Handbook of Solid State Chemistry, 6 Volume Set
  • Author : Richard Dronskowski,Shinichi Kikkawa,Andreas Stein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-23
  • Total pages :3756
  • ISBN : 9783527325870
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Summary : This most comprehensive and unrivaled compendium in the field provides an up-to-date account of the chemistry of solids, nanoparticles and hybrid materials. Following a valuable introductory chapter reviewing important synthesis techniques, the handbook presents a series of contributions by about 150 international leading experts -- the "Who's Who" of solid state science. Clearly structured, in six volumes it collates the knowledge available on solid state chemistry, starting from the synthesis, and modern methods of structure determination. Understanding and measuring the physical properties of bulk solids and the theoretical basis of modern computational treatments of solids are given ample space, as are such modern trends as nanoparticles, surface properties and heterogeneous catalysis. Emphasis is placed throughout not only on the design and structure of solids but also on practical applications of these novel materials in real chemical situations.

Liquid Crystal Sensors

Liquid Crystal Sensors
  • Author : Albert Schenning,Gregory P. Crawford,Dirk J. Broer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-01
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9781498729741
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Summary : Liquid Crystal Sensors discusses novel applications of liquid crystals that lie beyond electrically driven optical switches and displays. The main focus is on recent progress in the area of sensors based on low molar mass and polymer liquid crystals. This area of research became "hot" in recent years since the possibilities for applications of liquid crystal sensors are growing in many areas, ranging from the detection of mechanical displacements to the detection of environmental pollutants and chemical agents. This book is well-suited for students, as well as scientists from different backgrounds. For students and researchers new to the field, it gives a thorough introduction. For experienced researchers it shows the latest breakthroughs and serves as an inspiration for solving problems or sparking new ideas. Key Features: Emphasizes how liquid crystals are extremely sensitive to external stimuli and therefore can be used for the construction of stimuli-responsive devices, such as sensors Includes the contributions of editors who are deeply involved in the field and author chapters on hot topics such as the sensitivity of liquid crystals to pollutants, UV light, and strain Provides an exclusive on LC sensors where having the data in one place will be very useful to the community Gives more information on sensors and broadens the scope by having a contributed volume rather than authored Combines recent data on advances in the area of liquid crystal sensors that includes many types of liquid crystal materials

Liquid Crystal Photonics

Liquid Crystal Photonics
  • Author : Vladimir G. Chigrinov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-01
  • Total pages :165
  • ISBN : 162948315X
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Summary : Liquid crystal devices for photonics applications is a hot topic of research. This book provides engineers, physicists, and designers with the most up-to-date descriptions of the dielectric, optical, and viscoelastic properties of LCs; photonics applications; and the knowledge to design better performing liquid crystal photonic and display devices (LCD). The book gives the knowledge needed to optimise LC cell geometry, select proper display configurations, and develop photonics LC applications. The book is intended for a wide range of engineers, scientists and managers, who are willing to understand the hot topics of LC applications in photonics and displays. Liquid crystal physical properties, geometry of liquid crystal cell and characteristics of electrooptical effects to choose and/or to develop liquid crystal photonics devices with optimal parameters are highlighted. Special attention was paid to photoalignment technology for LC photonics and emergent display devices. University researchers and students, who are specialised in the condensed matter physics and liquid crystal device developments will also find some useful information in this book.

Australian Journal of Chemistry

Australian Journal of Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822022816847
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Summary :

Pharmaceutical Salts and Co-crystals

Pharmaceutical Salts and Co-crystals
  • Author : Johan Wouters,Luc Quéré
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-04
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9781849733502
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Summary : From crystal structure prediction to totally empirical screening, the quest for new crystal forms has become one of the most challenging issues in the solid state science and particularly in the pharmaceutical world. In this context, multi-component crystalline materials like co-crystals have received renewed interest as they offer the prospect of optimized physical properties. As illustrated in this first book_ entirely dedicated to this emerging class of pharmaceutical compounds_ the outcome of such endeavours into crystal engineering have demonstrated clear impacts on production, marketing and intellectual property protection of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Indeed, co-crystallization influences relevant physico-chemical parameters (such as solubility, dissolution rate, chemical stability, melting point, hygroscopicity, à) and often offers solids with properties superior to those of the free drug. Combining both reports of the latest research and comprehensive overviews of basic principles, with contributions from selected experts in both academia and industry, this unique book is an essential reference, ideal for pharmaceutical development scientists and graduate students in pharmaceutical science.

Nanomaterials and Nanoarchitectures

Nanomaterials and Nanoarchitectures
  • Author : M. Bardosova,T. Wagner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-31
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9789401799218
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Summary : The current work consists of nine contributions describing recent progress in the interdisciplinary of Nanoscience, which involves physics, chemistry, engineering, biology and medicine and one essay outlining some important historical and socioeconomic factors pertaining to recent developments in nanoscale science and technology. All 10 chapters have been written by eminent experts in their respective fields. The authors employ the terms ‘nanomaterials’ as building blocks of a range of materials, ‘nanoarchitecture’ represents the design and ‘nanotechnology’ the means to produce a particular device or functionality. Two of the chapters are devoted to novel materials and two others focus on analyzing techniques, which can be used to enable molecular control of the film architecture. Additionally, the reader will find material devoted to photonic and hybrid plasmonic-photonic crystals as well as sections which address their applications, such as the use of plasmonic particles and nanostructures for new sensing concepts and ultrasensitive detection techniques. This work will be of interest to graduate students, researchers and practitioners alike.

Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices III (i.e. V)

Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices III (i.e. V)
  • Author : Richard M. De La Rue,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :626
  • ISBN : UOM:39015064123055
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Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) for Environmental Applications

Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Sujit K. Ghosh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780128146347
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Summary : Metal-Organic Frameworks for Environmental Applications examines this important topic, looking at potential materials and methods for the remediation of pressing pollution issues, such as heavy-metal contaminants in water streams, radioactive waste disposal, marine oil-spillage, the treatment of textile and dye industry effluents, the clean-up of trace amounts of explosives in land and water, and many other topics. This survey of the cutting-edge research and technology of MOFs is an invaluable resource for researchers working in inorganic chemistry and materials science, but it is also ideal for graduate students studying MOFs and their applications. Examines the applications of metal-organic frameworks for the remediation of environmental pollutants Features leading experts who research the applications of MOFs from around the world, including contributions from the United States, India and China Explores possible solutions to some of today’s most pressing environmental challenges, such as heavy-metal contamination in bodies of water, oil spills and clean-up of explosives hidden in land and water Provides an excellent reference for researchers and graduate students studying in the areas of inorganic chemistry, materials chemistry and environmental science

Crystal Engineering: A Textbook

Crystal Engineering: A Textbook
  • Author : Gautam R Desiraju,Jagadese J Vittal,Arunachalam Ramanan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-20
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9789813100695
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Summary : This book is important because it is the first textbook in an area that has become very popular in recent times. There are around 250 research groups in crystal engineering worldwide today. The subject has been researched for around 40 years but there is still no textbook at the level of senior undergraduates and beginning PhD students. This book is expected to fill this gap.The writing style is simple, with an adequate number of exercises and problems, and the diagrams are easy to understand. This book consists major areas of the subject, including organic crystals and co-ordination polymers, and can easily form the basis of a 30 to 40 lecture course for senior undergraduates.

Advanced Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon

Advanced Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon
  • Author : Michio Inagaki,Feiyu Kang,Masahiro Toyoda,Hidetaka Konno
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780124078383
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Summary : Carbon materials are exceptionally diverse in their preparation, structure, texture, and applications. In Advanced Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon, noted carbon scientist Michio Inagaki and his coauthors cover the most recent advances in carbon materials, including new techniques and processes, carbon materials synthesis, and up-to-date descriptions of current carbon-based materials, trends and applications. Beginning with the synthesis and preparation of nanocarbons, carbon nanotubes, and graphenes, the book then reviews recently developed carbonization techniques, such as templating, electrospinning, foaming, stress graphitization, and the formation of glass-like carbon. The last third of the book is devoted to applications, featuring coverage of carbon materials for energy storage, electrochemical capacitors, lithium-ion rechargeable batteries, and adsorptive storage of hydrogen and methane for environmental protection, photocatalysis, spilled oil recovery, and nuclear applications of isotropic high-density graphite. A progression from synthesis through modern carbonization techniques to applications gives you a thorough understanding of carbon materials Covers a wide range of precursor materials, preparation techniques, and characteristics to inspire your own development of carbonization techniques, carbon materials and applications Applications-oriented chapters include timely content on hot topics such as the engineering of carbon nanofibers and carbon materials for various energy-related applications

Advanced Topics in Crystallization

Advanced Topics in Crystallization
  • Author : Yitzhak Mastai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-06
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9789535121251
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Summary : In nearly all process industries, crystallization is used at some stage as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. In recent years, a number of new applications have also come to rely on crystallization processes such as the crystallization of nano and amorphous materials. The articles in this book have been contributed by some of the most respected researchers in this area and cover the frontier areas of research and developments in crystallization processes. Divided into three sections, this book provides the latest research developments in many aspects of crystallization including the crystallization of biological macromolecules and pharmaceutical compounds, the crystallization of nanomaterials and the crystallization of amorphous and glassy materials. This book is of interest to both fundamental research and practicing scientists and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in process industries, as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia.

Emerging Trends in Medical Plastic Engineering and Manufacturing

Emerging Trends in Medical Plastic Engineering and Manufacturing
  • Author : Markus Schönberger,Marc Hoffstetter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-06
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9780323374651
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Summary : Emerging Trends in Medical Plastic Engineering and Manufacturing gives engineers and materials scientists working in the field detailed insights into upcoming technologies in medical polymers. While plastic manufacturing combines the possibility of mass production and wide design variability, there are still opportunities within the plastic engineering field which have not been fully adopted in the medical industry. In addition, there are numerous additional challenges related to the development of products for this industry, such as ensuring tolerance to disinfection, biocompatibility, selecting compliant additives for processing, and more. This book enables product designers, polymer processing engineers, and manufacturing engineers to take advantage of the numerous upcoming developments in medical plastics, such as autoregulated volume-correction to achieve zero defect production or the development of ‘intelligent’ single use plastic products, and methods for sterile manufacturing which reduce the need for subsequent sterilization processes. Finally, as medical devices get smaller, the book discusses the challenges posed by miniaturization for injection molders, how to respond to these challenges, and the rapidly advancing prototyping technologies. Provides a roadmap to the emerging technologies for polymers in the medical device industry, including coverage of ‘intelligent’ single use products, personalized medical devices, and the integration of manufacturing steps to improve workflows Helps engineers in the biomedical and medical devices industries to navigate and anticipate the special requirements of this field with relation to biocompatibility, sterilization methods, and government regulations Presents tactics readers can use to take advantage of rapid prototyping technologies, such as 3D printing, to reduce defects in production and develop products that enable entirely new treatment possibilities

Metal Phosphonate Chemistry

Metal Phosphonate Chemistry
  • Author : Abraham Clearfield,Konstantinos Demadis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11
  • Total pages :655
  • ISBN : 9781849733564
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Summary : The first book to describe the state-of-the-art in the interdisciplinary field of metal phosphonate chemistry, aimed at academic and industrial researchers.

Molecular Aggregation

Molecular Aggregation
  • Author : Angelo Gavezzotti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9780198570806
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Summary : The book is divided in two parts, to supply first the basic elements of the language, with short but complete explanations of terms, methods and theories; and then to describe the present status of studies on the processes by which organic molecules aggregate to form observable bodies and to determine their physical and chemical properties.

Current Topics in the Utilization of Clay in Industrial and Medical Applications

Current Topics in the Utilization of Clay in Industrial and Medical Applications
  • Author : Mansoor Zoveidavianpoor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-12
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9781789237283
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Summary :

Aggregation-Induced Emission

Aggregation-Induced Emission
  • Author : Ben Zhong Tang,Anjun Qin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-05
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781118653937
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Summary : Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) is a novel photophysicalphenomenon which offers a new platform for researchers to lookinto the light-emitting processes from luminogen aggregates, fromwhich useful information on structure–property relationshipsmay be collected and mechanistic insights may be gained. Thediscovery of the AIE effect opens a new avenue for the developmentof new luminogen materials in the aggregate or solid state. Byenabling light emission in the practically useful solid state, AIEhas the potential to expand significantly the technologicalapplications of luminescent materials. Aggregation-Induced Emission: Fundamentals is the firstbook to explore the fundamental issues of AIE, including thedesign, synthesis, and photophysical behavior of AIE-activemolecules and polymers. The control of the morphological structuresof the aggregates of AIE-active materials, and the experimentalinvestigation and theoretical understanding of the AIE mechanism,are also covered in this volume. Topics covered include: AIE in group 14 metalloles AIE in organic ion pairs Red light-emitting AIE materials Supramolecular structure and AIE AIE-active polymers Enhanced emission by restriction of molecular rotation Crystallization-induced emission enhancement Theoretical understanding of AIE phenomena This book is essential reading for scientists and engineers whoare designing optoelectronic materials and biomedical sensors, andwill also be of interest to academic researchers in materialsscience and physical and synthetic organic chemistry, as well asphysicists and biological chemists.

Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems

Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems
  • Author : Paul Lecoq,Alexander Annenkov,Alexander Gektin,Mikhail Korzhik,Christian Pedrini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-12
  • Total pages :251
  • ISBN : 3642066151
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Summary : Thelasttwodecadeshaveseenaspectacularincreaseofinterestforinorganic scintillators. Thishasbeentoalargepartaconsequenceofthevisibilitygiven to this ?eld by several large crystal-based detectors in particle physics. To answer the very challenging requirements for these experiments (huge data rates, linearity of response over a large dynamic range, harsh radiation en- ronment, impressive crystal quantities to be produced in a short time period andatana?ordablecost,etc. . . )ane?ortofcoordination was needed. S- eral groups of experts working in di?erent aspects of material science have combinedtheire?ortsininternationalandmultidisciplinarycollaborationsto better understand the fundamental mechanisms underlying the scintillation processanditse?ciency. Similarly,thestabilityofthescintillationproperties andtheroleofcolorcentershasbeenextensivelystudiedtodevelop radiation hard scintillators. Dedicated conferences on inorganic scintillators have seen an increasing participation from di?erent communities of users outside the domain of high-energy physics. This includes nuclear physics, astrophysics, security systems, industrial applications, and medical imaging. This last - main in particular is growing very fast since a few years at the point that the volume of scintillating crystals to be produced for positron emission tom- raphy (PET) is going to exceed the one for high-energy physics. As more and more crystal producers are also attending these conferences, a very fruitful synergy was progressively built up among scienti?c experts, technologists, and end users. This aspect of a multidisciplinary collaboration is essential to helppeopledesignandbuilddetectorsofever-increasingperformancethrough the choice, optimization or development of the best scintillator, and a th- ough investigation of the technologies to produce the crystals of the highest quality.

Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions

Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions
  • Author : Michael Binnewies,Robert Glaum,Marcus Schmidt,Peer Schmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-31
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : 9783110254655
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Summary : This comprehensive handbook covers the diverse aspects of chemical vapor transport reactions from basic research to important practical applications. The book begins with an overview of models for chemical vapor transport reactions and then proceeds to treat the specific chemical transport reactions for the elements, halides, oxides, sulfides, selenides, tellurides, pnictides, among others. Aspects of transport from intermetallic phases, the stability of gas particles, thermodynamic data, modeling software and laboratory techniques are also covered. Selected experiments using chemical vapor transport reactions round out the work, making this book a useful reference for researchers and instructors in solid state and inorganic chemistry.

Self-assembly in Supramolecular Systems

Self-assembly in Supramolecular Systems
  • Author : Leonard F. Lindoy,Ian M. Atkinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 0854045120
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Summary : Molecular self-assembly is a widespread phenomenon in both chemistry and biochemistry. Yet it was not until the rise of supramolecular chemistry that attention has increasingly been given to the designed self-assembly of a variety of synthetic molecules and ions. To a large extent, success in this area has reflected knowledge gained from nature. However, an increased awareness of the latent steric and electronic information implanted in individual molecular components has also contributed to this success. Whilst not yet approaching the sophistication of biological assemblies, synthetic systems of increasing subtlety and considerable aesthetic appeal have been created. Self-Assembly in Supramolecular Systems surveys highlights of the progress made in the creation of discrete synthetic assemblies and provides a foundation for new workers in the area, as well as background reading for experienced supramolecular chemists.