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Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies

Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies
  • Author : E. Scott Sills,Gianpiero D. Palermo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-01
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9780128167441
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Summary : Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies: Ethical, Social, and Public Policy Aspects presents the first holistic analysis of PGD and PGS as it is practiced and regulated worldwide. In addition to scientific and technical aspects, the book provides perspectives on the ethical, legal, religious, policy and social implications of global assisted reproduction technologies, including in Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and Australia. Chapters cover history, ethics, feminism, family dynamics, psychological and interpersonal factors, the current state of PGD and PGS in 20 different sovereign nations and religious communities, and provide an analysis of public policy concerns and future directions. Provides an in-depth discussion of PGD and PGS as practiced and regulated worldwide Offers an accessible resource for researchers, medical professionals, patients, regulators and policymakers seeking expert opinions on PGS and PGD Contains chapters contributed by international clinicians, researchers and thought leaders in the field of assisted reproductive technology

Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection

Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection
  • Author : Jacques Cohen,Kay Elder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-09-26
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 0203089715
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Summary : The most profound dilemma in assisted reproduction to date is the inability to recognize potentially viable embryos before their replacement into the reproductive tract. Application of increasingly advanced new technology has allowed the field of embryo evaluation to evolve rapidly and dramatically over the past five years. Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection assembles the leaders in the field of assisted reproduction to discuss their visions of dealing with the topic of embryo selection in the light of the limitations involving the fragility of the early human embryo. The purpose of this book is to shed light on the ever-expanding techniques that are being employed and evaluated with regard to embryo selection. A comprehensive overview may guide the ART practitioner in choice of techniques and evaluation of benefits and drawbacks. This book will provide an up-to-date overview and reference source: an invaluable tool for assisted reproductive practice worldwide.

Handbook of New Genetic Diagnostic Technologies in Reproductive Medicine

Handbook of New Genetic Diagnostic Technologies in Reproductive Medicine
  • Author : Carlos Simón,Carmen Rubio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-14
  • Total pages :179
  • ISBN : 9781498763318
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Summary : Different genetic diagnostic and treatment options are used worldwide to improve routine IVF procedures for the benefit of patients. This handbook updates the new genetic diagnostic technologies that have been translated to practice aiming to improve outcomes in the clinic and have a healthy baby at home. Chapters cover the use of genetic technologies in a personalized manner to unravel the possible genetic risks for the couple wishing to conceive, in terms of sperm, the embryo, the endometrium, miscarriage, and finally the fetus.

Textbook of Human Reproductive Genetics

Textbook of Human Reproductive Genetics
  • Author : Karen Sermon,Stéphane Viville
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-10
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781107683587
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Summary : This book brings together genetics, reproductive biology and medicine for an integrative view of the emerging specialism of reproductive genetics.

The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction

The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction
  • Author : Henry T. Greely
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-30
  • Total pages :381
  • ISBN : 9780674728967
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Summary : Within twenty, maybe forty, years most people in developed countries will stop having sex for the purpose of reproduction. Instead, prospective parents will be told as much as they wish to know about the genetic makeup of dozens of embryos, and they will pick one or two for implantation, gestation, and birth. And it will be safe, lawful, and free. In this work of prophetic scholarship, Henry T. Greely explains the revolutionary biological technologies that make this future a seeming inevitability and sets out the deep ethical and legal challenges humanity faces as a result. “Readers looking for a more in-depth analysis of human genome modifications and reproductive technologies and their legal and ethical implications should strongly consider picking up Greely’s The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction...[It has] the potential to empower readers to make informed decisions about the implementation of advancements in genetics technologies.” —Dov Greenbaum, Science “[Greely] provides an extraordinarily sophisticated analysis of the practical, political, legal, and ethical implications of the new world of human reproduction. His book is a model of highly informed, rigorous, thought-provoking speculation about an immensely important topic.” —Glenn C. Altschuler, Psychology Today

The Gene Machine

The Gene Machine
  • Author : Bonnie Rochman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-28
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780374713966
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Summary : A sharp-eyed exploration of the promise and peril of having children in an age of genetic tests and interventions Is screening for disease in an embryo a humane form of family planning or a slippery slope toward eugenics? Should doctors tell you that your infant daughter is genetically predisposed to breast cancer? If tests revealed that your toddler has a genetic mutation whose significance isn’t clear, would you want to know? In The Gene Machine, the award-winning journalist Bonnie Rochman deftly explores these hot-button questions, guiding us through the new frontier of gene technology and how it is transforming medicine, bioethics, health care, and the factors that shape a family. Rochman tells the stories of scientists working to unlock the secrets of the human genome; genetic counselors and spiritual advisers guiding mothers and fathers through life-changing choices; and, of course, parents (including Rochman herself) grappling with revelations that are sometimes joyous, sometimes heartbreaking, but always profound. She navigates the dizzying and constantly expanding array of prenatal and postnatal tests, from carrier screening to genome sequencing, while considering how access to more tests is altering perceptions of disability and changing the conversation about what sort of life is worth living and who draws the line. Along the way, she highlights the most urgent ethical quandary: Is this technology a triumph of modern medicine or a Pandora’s box of possibilities? Propelled by human narratives and meticulously reported, The Gene Machine is both a scientific road map and a meditation on our power to shape the future. It is a book that gets to the very core of what it means to be human.

Born and Made

Born and Made
  • Author : Sarah Franklin,Celia Roberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-10-30
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781400835423
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Summary : Are new reproductive and genetic technologies racing ahead of a society that is unable to establish limits to their use? Have the "new genetics" outpaced our ability to control their future applications? This book examines the case of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), the procedure used to prevent serious genetic disease by embryo selection, and the so-called "designer baby" method. Using detailed empirical evidence, the authors show that far from being a runaway technology, the regulation of PGD over the past fifteen years provides an example of precaution and restraint, as well as continual adaptation to changing social circumstances. Through interviews, media and policy analysis, and participant observation at two PGD centers in the United Kingdom, Born and Made provides an in-depth sociological examination of the competing moral obligations that define the experience of PGD. Among the many novel findings of this pathbreaking ethnography of reproductive biomedicine is the prominence of uncertainty and ambivalence among PGD patients and professionals--a finding characteristic of the emerging "biosociety," in which scientific progress is inherently paradoxical and contradictory. In contrast to much of the speculative futurology that defines this field, Born and Made provides a timely and revealing case study of the on-the-ground decision-making that shapes technological assistance to human heredity.

Human Genome Editing

Human Genome Editing
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-13
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780309452885
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Summary : Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Comparative Legal Frameworks for Pre-Implantation Embryonic Genetic Interventions

Comparative Legal Frameworks for Pre-Implantation Embryonic Genetic Interventions
  • Author : Pin Lean Lau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-01
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9783030223083
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Summary : This book discusses the possibilities for the use of ​international human rights law ​(and specifically, international biomedical laws related to the protection of human rights and the human genome) to provide a guiding framework for the future regulation of genetic modifications applied to human embryos and other precursor materials, when these are made with the aim of implanting a genetically altered embryo in a woman. The significance and timeliness of the work derives from the recent availability of CRISPR/​Cas9 and other gene editing tools, and from lacunae in international law regarding the legality of embryo modification with these tools and appropriate governance structures for the oversight of resulting practices. The emergence of ​improved genome editing tools like CRISPR/Cas9, holds the promise of eradicating genetic diseases in the near future. But its possible future applications with Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) raises a plethora of legal and ethical concerns about "remaking" future human beings. The work aims to address an urgent call, to embed these rising concerns about biomedical advancements into the fundamental tailoring of legal systems. Suitable regulatory approaches, coupled with careful reflection of global biomedical laws and individual constitutional systems must be explored. The Book analyzes the impact of reproductive biomedical technologies on the legal and ethical dimensions of regulatory frameworks in selected constitutional systems like the US, the UK, Australia, Malaysia and Thailand. Employing a comparative law methodology, the work reveals a dynamic intersection between legal cultures, socio-philosophical reasoning and the development of a human rights-based framework in bio-political studies. Navigating towards a truly internationalized biomedical approach to emerging technologies, it presents an understanding why a renegotiation and reinvigoration of a contemporary and "new" universal shared values system in the ​international human rights discourse is now necessary.

Reproductive Genetics

Reproductive Genetics
  • Author : Sean Kehoe,Lyn Chitty,Tessa Homfray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9781906985165
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Summary : This book presents the findings of the RCOG Study Group findings on genetics underlying reproductive function.

Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning

Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-06-17
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9780309076371
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Summary : Human reproductive cloning is an assisted reproductive technology that would be carried out with the goal of creating a newborn genetically identical to another human being. It is currently the subject of much debate around the world, involving a variety of ethical, religious, societal, scientific, and medical issues. Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning considers the scientific and medical sides of this issue, plus ethical issues that pertain to human-subjects research. Based on experience with reproductive cloning in animals, the report concludes that human reproductive cloning would be dangerous for the woman, fetus, and newborn, and is likely to fail. The study panel did not address the issue of whether human reproductive cloning, even if it were found to be medically safe, would beâ€"or would not beâ€"acceptable to individuals or society.

Human Reproductive Genetics

Human Reproductive Genetics
  • Author : Juan A. Garcia-Velasco,Emre Seli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-19
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9780128167496
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Summary : Human Reproductive Genetics: Emerging Technologies and Clinical Applications presents a great reference for clinicians and researchers in reproductive medicine. Part I includes a brief background of genetics and epigenetics, probability of disease, and the different techniques that are being used today for analysis and genetic counseling. Part II focuses on the analysis of the embryo, current controversies and future concepts. Part III comprises different clinical scenarios that clinicians frequently face in practice. The increasing amount of genetic tests available and the growing information that patients handle makes this section a relevant part of the fertility treatment discussion. Finally, Part IV concludes with the psychological aspects of genetic counseling and the role of counselor and bioethics in human reproduction. Provides an essential reference for clinicians involved in reproductive medicine Builds foundational knowledge on new genetic tests coming into the clinical scenario for physicians involved with patients Assembles critically evaluated chapters that cover basic concepts of genetics and epigenetics and the techniques involved, including preimplantation genetic testing, controversies, and more

The Human Embryo Research Debates

The Human Embryo Research Debates
  • Author : Ronald M. Green
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-28
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780199761890
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Summary : Research on the early human embryo has long been recognized as essential to progress in a host of biomedical areas from reproductive medicine to the treatment of pediatric cancers. Now, with the possibility of stem cell research and cell replacement therapies, embryo research holds out the promise of cures for many serious disease conditions such as diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Despite its importance, however, human embryo research has met powerful opposition. Drawing on his experience as a member of the NIH's Human Embryo Research Panel, Green offers a first-hand account of the embryo research debates. In telling this story, he periodically pauses to reflect on some of the leading philosophical challenges posed by embryo research and new interventions at the start of life. Among the questions he examines are: What is the impact of new biological information on our thinking about life's beginning? May parents risk injuring a child in order to have it? What role should religion play in shaping biomedical policy in a controversial area like this? This is a fascinating insider's account of one of the most important, if unsuccessful, recent efforts to come to terms with a controversial area of scientific research.

Atlas of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Third Edition

Atlas of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Third Edition
  • Author : Anver Kuliev,Svetlana Rechitsky,Oleg Verlinsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-22
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781466598409
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Summary : Based on one leading center’s experience with over 100,000 cases, the new edition of this extensively illustrated atlas provides a detailed manual for procedures and techniques in preimplantation genetic diagnosis. New topics in this edition include de novo mutations, diseases with genetic predisposition, and HLA typing. The book provides insight from authors who are pioneers in some of the procedures described.

Reproductomics

Reproductomics
  • Author : José A. Horcajadas,Jaime Gosálvez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-23
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9780128126769
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Summary : Recent advances in genomic and omics analysis have triggered a revolution affecting nearly every field of medicine, including reproductive medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, andrology, and infertility treatment. Reproductomics: The –Omics Revolution and Its Impact on Human Reproductive Medicine demonstrates how various omics technologies are already aiding fertility specialists and clinicians in characterizing patients, counseling couples towards pregnancy success, informing embryo selection, and supporting many other positive outcomes. A diverse range of chapters from international experts examine the complex relationship between genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics and their role in human reproduction, identifying molecular factors of clinical significance. With this book Editors Jaime Gosálvez and José A. Horcajadas have provided researchers and clinicians with a strong foundation for a new era of personalized reproductive medicine. Thoroughly discusses how genomics and other omics approaches aid clinicians in various areas of reproductive medicine Identifies specific genomic and molecular factors of translational value in treating infertility and analyzing patient data Features chapter contributions by leading international experts

Genetics in Human Reproduction

Genetics in Human Reproduction
  • Author : Elisabeth Hildt,Sigrid Graumann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-13
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780429852251
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Summary : Published in 1999, this book discusses issues related to the current and possible future technological progress in genetic technology linked to in vitro fertilization, specifically preimplantation diagnosis and germline gene therapy, from a scientific and medical as well as from a social, juridical and ethical point of view. The 31 contributions are divided into six sections medical and scientific view, personal interests and moral implications, moral rights and duties, social concepts and moral implications, choices and decision making, and justice in health care and legal regulation.

Regulating Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis

Regulating Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis
  • Author : Sheila McLean,Sarah Elliston
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9780415686440
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Summary : The successful achievement of pregnancies following pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was first reported in April 1990. The technology is often used for patients who are at substantial risk of conceiving a pregnancy affected by a known genetic disorder, however from this technology other more controversial uses have arisen such as HLA typing to save the life of a sibling, gender selection for social reasons, the prevention of late onset diseases, or the prevention of diseases which may be genetically predisposed to developing such as breast cancer. The technology surrounding PGD is constantly developing, giving rise to new and unexpected consequences that create fresh ethical and legal dilemmas. Featuring internationally recognized experts in the field, this book critically explores the regulation of PGD and the broader legal and ethical issues associated with it. It looks at the regulatory situation in a number of jurisdictions including New Zealand, Australia and the United Kingdom, but it also explores a number of themes of wide significance including a historical consideration of PGD and its part in the creation of the "genetic embryo" as a political tool, the over regulation of PGD and the ethical difficulties in handling additional unexpected medical information yielded by new technologies. This book will be of particular interest to academics and students of law, medicine and ethics.

Cloning and the Future of Human Embryo Research

Cloning and the Future of Human Embryo Research
  • Author : Paul Lauritzen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : 0195128583
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Summary : Hailed as revolutionary, the prospect of human cloning is actually the next logical step in a series of developments in reproductive technology that began with the first test-tube baby in 1978. This book addresses the debates over cloning in the context of new reproductive technology and human embryo research. It examines the status of preimplantation embryos, the ethical issues related to cloning and embryo research, and the formulation of public policy.

Genetic Diversity and Disease Susceptibility

Genetic Diversity and Disease Susceptibility
  • Author : Yamin Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-17
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9781789842012
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Summary : Polymorphism or variation in DNA sequence can affect individual phenotypes such as color of skin or eyes, susceptibility to diseases, and response to drugs, vaccines, chemicals, and pathogens. Especially, the interfaces between genetics, disease susceptibility, and pharmacogenomics have recently been the subject of intense research activity. This book is a self-contained collection of valuable scholarly papers related to genetic diversity and disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics, ongoing advances in technology, and analytic methods in this field. The book contains nine chapters that cover the three main topics of genetic polymorphism, genetic diversity, and disease susceptibility and pharmacogenomics. Hence, this book is particularly useful to academics, scientists, physicians, pharmacists, practicing researchers, and postgraduate students whose work relates to genetic polymorphisms.

Shaping Genes; Ethics, Law and Science of Using Genetic Technology in Medicine and Agriculture

Shaping Genes; Ethics, Law and Science of Using Genetic Technology in Medicine and Agriculture
  • Author : Macer, D. R. J.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924067841969
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Summary :

Regulating Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in the United States

Regulating Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in the United States
  • Author : M. Bayefsky,B. Jennings
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-20
  • Total pages :113
  • ISBN : 9781137515445
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Summary : Reproductive technology allows us to test embryos' genes before deciding whether to transfer them to a woman's uterus. Embryo selection raises many ethical questions but is virtually unregulated in the United States. This comprehensive study considers the ethical, medical, political, and economic aspects of developing appropriate regulation.