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Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields

Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Dragan Poljak,Mario Cvetkovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9780128166246
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Summary : Human Interaction with Electromagnetic Fields: Computational Models in Dosimetry presents some highly rigorous and sophisticated integral equation techniques from computational electromagnetics (CEM), along with practical techniques for the calculation and measurement of internal dosimetry. Theory is accompanied by numerical modeling algorithms and illustrative computational examples that range from academic to full real-world scenarios. Covers both deterministic and stochastic modeling Presents implementations of integral equation approaches, overcoming the limitations of the FDTD approach Presents various biomedical applications

Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation

Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation
  • Author : Riadh W.Y. Habash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781351830270
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Summary : This reference explores the sources, characteristics, bioeffects, and health hazards of extremely low-frequency (ELF) fields and radio frequency radiation (RFR), analyzing current research as well as the latest epidemiological studies to assess potential risks associated with exposure and to develop effective safety guidelines. Compiles reports and investigations from four decades of study on the effect of nonionizing electromagnetic fields and radiation on human health Summarizing modern engineering approaches to control exposure, Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation discusses: EM interaction mechanisms in biological systems Explorations into the impact of EM fields on free radicals, cells, tissues, organs, whole organisms, and the population Regulatory standards in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia Pacific Evaluation of incident fields from various EM sources Measurement surveys for various sites including power lines, substations, mobile systems, cellular base stations, broadcast antennas, traffic radar devices, heating equipment, and other sources Dosimetry techniques for the determination of internal EM fields Conclusions reached by the Food and Drug Administration, World Health Organization, and other institutions

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems
  • Author : James C. Lin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781439860625
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Summary : Spanning static fields to terahertz waves, this volume explores the range of consequences electromagnetic fields have on the human body. Topics discussed include essential interactions and field coupling phenomena; electric field interactions in cells, focusing on ultrashort, pulsed high-intensity fields; dosimetry or coupling of ELF fields into biological systems; and the historical developments and recent trends in numerical dosimetry. It also discusses mobile communication devices and the dosimetry of RF radiation into the human body, exposure and dosimetry associated with MRI and spectroscopy, and available data on the interaction of terahertz radiation with biological tissues, cells, organelles, and molecules.

Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network

Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Radiation Effects Research,Committee on Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-02-01
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9780309047777
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Summary : Written at the request of the U.S. Air Force and Congress, this book evaluates the potential health effects associated with deployment of the Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN), a communications system to be used in case of a high-altitude detonation of a nuclear device. The committee, composed of experts in biophysics, physics, risk assessment, epidemiology, and cancer, examines data from laboratory and epidemiologic studies of effects from electromagnetic fields to determine the likelihood of health effects being caused by the operation of a fully implemented GWEN system.

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Patrick Staebler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-12
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781119384526
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Summary : Everyone, whether they like it or not, is exposed to electromagnetic fields, most of the time, at very low levels. In this case, they are inconsequential, but they can cause adverse health effects when they become intense enough. This topic is complex and sensitive. Covering frequencies from 0 Hz to 300 GHz, Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields provides an overview of this vast topic. After a reminder of the concepts of electromagnetic fields, the author presents some examples of sources of radiation in daily life and in the industrial or medical sectors. The biophysical and biological effects of these fields on the human body are detailed and the exposure limits are recalled. The exposure assessment and the implementation of the appropriate regulation within companies are also covered. Technically and practically, this book is aimed at people with a scientific background, risk prevention actors, health physicians, especially occupational doctors, and equipment designers.

Electromagnetic Fields

Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Roald K. Wangsness
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986-07-24
  • Total pages :587
  • ISBN : UOM:39015055733516
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Summary : This revised edition provides patient guidance in its clear and organized presentation of problems. It is rich in variety, large in number and provides very careful treatment of relativity. One outstanding feature is the inclusion of simple, standard examples demonstrated in different methods that will allow students to enhance and understand their calculating abilities. There are over 145 worked examples; virtually all of the standard problems are included.

Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Heterogeneous Biological Systems

Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Heterogeneous Biological Systems
  • Author : Sutus Rukspollmuang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : MSU:31293105146165
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Summary :

Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Static and ELF Electromagnetic Fields

Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Static and ELF Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Martino Gandolfo,S.M. Michaelson,A. Rindi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :697
  • ISBN : 9781461320999
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Summary : The editors are pleased to present these Proceedings of the V Course of the "International School of Radiation Damage and Pro tection" of the "E. Majorana Centre", held in Erice (Italy) in No vember 1983. The lectures and discussions among leading scientists in various disciplines of physics, engineering, biophysics, cellular biology, physiology and medicine from 11 countries are included in this compilation. In this volume we have attempted to explore all aspects of the interaction of static and Extremely Low Frequency (ELF: 0-300 Hz) electric and magnetic fields with biological tissue, systems and whole organisms; we considered dosimetry and what is known or pre sumed concerning basic interactions, responses from the cellular and molecular level to the whole organism. Discussions of medical appli cations as well as epidemiologic investigations related to high volt age transmission were held with critiques of methodologies used and recommendations for future approaches. Consideration was also given to the necessity and principles of setting protection standards for man and the environment. We believe this is the first attempt to put all this informa tion together into one volume to provide perspective for understand ing the influence of static and ELF electric and magnetic fields on biological systems. We hope our attempts were successful. Martino Grandolfo Sol M. Michaelson Alessandro Rindi v ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This is the Fifth Course of the International School of Radia tion Damage and Protection of the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Sci entific Culture directed by Professor A. Zichichi.

Electromagnetic Field Interaction with Transmission Lines

Electromagnetic Field Interaction with Transmission Lines
  • Author : Farhad Rachidi,Sergey Tkachenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :259
  • ISBN : 9781845640637
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Summary : The evaluation of electromagnetic field coupling to transmission lines is an important problem in electromagnetic compatibility. Traditionally, use is made of the TL approximation which applies to uniform transmission lines with electrically small cross-sectional dimensions, where the dominant mode of propagation is TEM. Antenna-mode currents and higher-order modes appearing at higher frequencies are neglected in TL theory. The use of the TL approximation has permitted to solve a large range of problems (e.g. lightning and EMP interaction with power lines). However, the continual increase in operating frequency of products and higher frequency sources of disturbances (such as UWB systems) makes that the TL basic assumptions are no longer acceptable for a certain number of applications. In the last decade or so, the generalization of classical TL theory to take into account high frequency effects has emerged as an important topic of study in electromagnetic compatibility. This effort resulted in the elaboration of the so-called 'generlized' or 'full-wave' TL theory, which incorporates high frequency radiation effects, while keeping the relative simplicity of TL equations. This book is organized in two main parts. Part I presents consolidated knowledge of classical transmission line theory and different field-to-transmission line coupling models. Part II presents different approaches developed to generalize TL Theory.

Genotoxicity

Genotoxicity
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9781789234183
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Summary : This book is designed to provide an overview of the different genotoxicants and their effects on living organisms, including humans. The contributions made by the specialists in this field of research are gratefully acknowledged. We hope that the information presented in this book will meet the expectations and needs of all those interested in the different aspects of the genotoxicity field. The publication of this book is of great importance to those scientists, pharmacologists, physicians and veterinarians, as well as engineers, teachers, graduate students and administrators of environmental programmes, who make use of these investigations to understand both the basic and applied genotoxic aspects of known and new xenobiotics, and to guide them in their future investigations.

Static Fields

Static Fields
  • Author : IPCS,World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 9241572329
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Summary : This book examines the health effects of exposure to static electric and magnetic fields found in selected industries, such as medical facilities with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), high-energy physics research facilities and some transportation systems. To date, research on their health effects lags far behind the rapid advances in technology. Electric and magnetic fields are generated by natural phenomena such as the Earth's magnetic field, thunderstorms, and by man-made sources that use electricity. When such fields do not vary with time they are referred to as static. For static electric fields, studies carried out to date suggest that the main effect is discomfort from electric discharges to the body. For static magnetic fields, acute effects are only likely to occur when there is movement of a person in the field. For example, a person moving within a relatively high field can experience sensations of vertigo and nausea, and sometimes a metallic taste in the mouth and perceptions of light flashes. Although only temporary, such effects may have a safety impact for workers executing delicate procedures, e.g. surgeons performing operations within MRI units. Even when at rest, a person will experience internal body movement, such as blood flow or heart beat. When placed within a high magnetic field, electrical fields and currents are generated around the heart and major blood vessels that can impede the flow of blood. Possible effects range from minor changes in heartbeat to an increase in the risk of abnormal heart rhythms that might be life threatening.

Modeling and Simulation for Electric Vehicle Applications

Modeling and Simulation for Electric Vehicle Applications
  • Author : Mohamed Amine Fakhfakh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-05
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9789535126362
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Summary : The book presents interesting topics from the area of modeling and simulation of electric vehicles application. The results presented by the authors of the book chapters are very interesting and inspiring. The book will familiarize the readers with the solutions and enable the readers to enlarge them by their own research. It will be useful for students of Electrical Engineering; it helps them solve practical problems.

Human Health and Exposure to Electromagnetic Radiation

Human Health and Exposure to Electromagnetic Radiation
  • Author : J. A. Dennis,C. R. Muirhead,J. R. Ennis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :147
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105008708674
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Summary : This review consists of three main parts. In the first the general features of electromagnetic fields and their interactions with the human body are described. It is pointed out that some evidence from biological experiments means that it is not a priori possible to conclude that there are no longterm effects on human health from exposure to levels of electric and magnetic fields below the thresholds for electric shock, bum and overheating. The second part deals with the epidemiological evidence for effects on general health and birth outcome. It is considered that the bulk of the evidence suggests that there are no long-term effects on general health from the levels to which people are normally exposed from power frequencies, radiofrequencies or microwaves. As regards birth outcomes, the average female user of visual display units (VDUs) does not seem to be at risk of adverse birth outcome. There is a little evidence suggesting that intensive use is associated with an increase in spontaneous abortion, but this could be a result of higher job stress and postural problems rather than of exposure to the small electromagnetic fields. The third part describes the epidemiological evidence from occupational and residential studies of a possible association between electromagnetic field exposures and cancer. Studies of electrical and electronic workers are suggestive of such a link, but are subject to the confounding factor of occupational class. If the association is real the average excess risk appears to be small.

Evaluation of the Potential Carcinogenicity of Electromagnetic Fields

Evaluation of the Potential Carcinogenicity of Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041920862
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Summary :

Electromagnetic Fields in Biology and Medicine

Electromagnetic Fields in Biology and Medicine
  • Author : Marko S. Markov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-02
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9781482248517
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Summary : Through a biophysical approach, Electromagnetic Fields in Biology and Medicine provides state-of-the-art knowledge on both the biological and therapeutic effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs). The reader is guided through explanations of general problems related to the benefits and hazards of EMFs, step-by-step engineering processes, and basic results obtained from laboratory and clinical trials. Basic biological mechanisms reviewed by several authors lead to an understanding of the effects of EMFs on microcirculation as well as on immune and anti-inflammatory responses. Based upon investigational mechanisms for achieving potential health benefits, various EMF medical applications used around the world are presented. These include the frequent use of EMFs in wound healing and cartilage/bone repair as well as use of EMFs in pain control and inhibition of cancer growth. Final chapters cover the potential of using the novel biophysical methods of electroporation and nanoelectroporation in electrochemotherapy, gene therapy, and nonthermal ablation. Also covered is the treatment of tendon injuries in animals and humans. This book is an invaluable tool for scientists, clinicians, and medical and engineering students.

Electromagnetic Field Interactions with the Human Body: Observed Effects and Theories

Electromagnetic Field Interactions with the Human Body: Observed Effects and Theories
  • Author : J. K. Oaines
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :123
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000747702
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Summary :

Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition - 2 Volume Set

Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition - 2 Volume Set
  • Author : Charles Polk,Elliot Postow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-12-21
  • Total pages :618
  • ISBN : 0849306418
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Summary : The first edition of this book has been recognized as the standard reference on biological effects of electric and magnetic fields from DC to microwaves. But much has changed in this science since the book's original publication in 1986. With contributions from eighteen leading researchers, this latest edition includes authoritative discussions of many new developments and will quickly become the new, must-have resource handbook. Dielectric properties of biological tissue are thoroughly examined, followed by chapters on physical mechanisms and biological effects of static and extremely low frequency magnetic fields. New chapters on topics that were treated very briefly in the first edition now receive extensive treatment. These topics include electric and magnetic fields for bone and soft tissue repair, electroporation, and epidemiology of ELF health effects. The chapter on computer methods for predicting field intensity has been substantially revised to describe new numerical techniques developed within the last few years and includes calculations of power absorbed in the human head from cellular telephones. The chapter discussing experimental results on RF interaction with living matter now contains information on effects of very high power, very short duration pulses. A new appendix on safety standards is based on the latest publications of governmental, as well as quasi-governmental organizations (such as the U.S. Council on Radiation Protection) in the United States, Europe, and Australia. With all its revisions, this updated version of the CRC Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields provides the most comprehensive overview available of this rapidly changing science.

Molecules in Electromagnetic Fields

Molecules in Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Roman V. Krems
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118173619
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Summary : A tutorial for calculating the response of molecules to electric and magnetic fields with examples from research in ultracold physics, controlled chemistry, and molecular collisions in fields Molecules in Electromagnetic Fields is intended to serve as a tutorial for students beginning research, theoretical or experimental, in an area related to molecular physics. The author—a noted expert in the field—offers a systematic discussion of the effects of static and dynamic electric and magnetic fields on the rotational, fine, and hyperfine structure of molecules. The book illustrates how the concepts developed in ultracold physics research have led to what may be the beginning of controlled chemistry in the fully quantum regime. Offering a glimpse of the current state of the art research, this book suggests future research avenues for ultracold chemistry. The text describes theories needed to understand recent exciting developments in the research on trapping molecules, guiding molecular beams, laser control of molecular rotations, and external field control of microscopic intermolecular interactions. In addition, the author presents the description of scattering theory for molecules in electromagnetic fields and offers practical advice for students working on various aspects of molecular interactions. This important text: Offers information on theeffects of electromagnetic fields on the structure of molecular energy levels Includes thorough descriptions of the most useful theories for ultracold molecule researchers Presents a wealth of illustrative examples from recent experimental and theoretical work Contains helpful exercises that help to reinforce concepts presented throughout text Written for senior undergraduate and graduate students, professors, researchers, physicists, physical chemists, and chemical physicists, Molecules in Electromagnetic Fields is an interdisciplinary text describing theories and examples from the core of contemporary molecular physics.

Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Nonionizing Radiation

Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Nonionizing Radiation
  • Author : Martino Gandolfo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :669
  • ISBN : 9781468442533
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Summary : During the last 35 years, there has been considerable develop ment and increase in the number of devices that emit nonionizing radiant energies. These energies such as radiofrequency including microwaves are used in all sectors of our society for military, industrial. telecommunications, medical, and consumer applications. This increase in sources of nonionizing radiant energies has resulted in growing interest on the part of government regulatory agencies, industrial and military physicians, research workers, clinicians, and environmentalists. Although there is information on biologic effects and potential hazards to man from exposure to microwave/radiofrequency energies, considerable confusion and misinformation has permeated not only the public press but also some scientific and technical publications. Because of the complexity of the interactions of nonionizing radiation in biological systems, an inter-disciplinary approach is necessary to assess and elucidate the problems that evolve as this field advances and as the use of these energies expands. It is important to maintain a proper perspective and assess realistically the biomedical effects of these radiant energies so that the worker or general public will not be unduly exposed nor will research, development and beneficial utilization of these energies be hampered or restricted by an undue concern for effects which may be nonexis tent or minimal in comparison to other environmental hazards.

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields

Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields
  • Author : Dragan Poljak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :183
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058724983
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Summary : The field of computational bioelectromagnetics has grown rapidly in the last decades, but until now there has not been a comprehensive text on the many aspects of interaction between human beings and electromagnetic fields. This text fills the gap. Chapter 1 covers some fundamental aspects of possible radiation hazard, while the second chapter deals with calculation and measurement techniques related to the analysis of electromagnetic interference (EMI) sources. Arising almost completely from the author's own research, Chapter 3 is devoted to electromagnetic modelling. The computational approach is based on the equivalent antenna representation of the human body and the Boundary Element (BE)solution of the corresponding integral equations arising from antenna theory. The analysis is carried out in both the frequency and time domain. The fourth chapter is intended to serve as an opener to the thermal modelling of the human body by solving the corresponding bio-heat transfer equation, while Chapter 5 focuses on the known coupling mechanisms between electromagnetic field and the human body. Finally, the author discusses safety standards and limiting exposures of electromagnetic fields through established international guidelines and protection measures.

Power Frequency Magnetic Fields and Public Health

Power Frequency Magnetic Fields and Public Health
  • Author : William F. Horton,Saul Goldberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-06-27
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0849394201
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Summary : The prospect that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) may foster disease is an alarming thought-one which raises such questions as: What are these invisible forces? How are they produced? Is there conclusive evidence that they are harmful to the human body? How do we protect ourselves against possible harm from them? This book addresses these and other questions about magnetic fields, bringing together in a single reference source the scientific background, current status of health research, and means to reduce the impact of EMFs in our environment. Important information is provided for developing policies and procedures related to human interaction with magnetic fields. The authors describe the concept of prudent avoidance, emphasizing its value as a tool in the design, construction, and valuation of homes, offices, retail facilities, and factories. The book provides theory, computer simulation results, measured data, and recommendations for magnetic field management, all of which are useful as a power system design and construction resource. The authors have compiled an impressive summary of the studies, findings, and reports done in the past 15 years in the areas of human health effects which might be attributed to exposure to power frequency magnetic fields. Wherever appropriate throughout text, the authors provide examples to illustrate concepts and include end-of-chapter exercises (with solutions) to help readers solidify their understanding of the material presented. Originally designed as a textbook, this is also an excellent reference in the areas of environmental engineering, city and regional planning, and electrical engineering.