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On Human Memory

On Human Memory
  • Author : Chizuko Izawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-04-01
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781135678746
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Summary : The model of human memory proposed in 1968 by Atkinson and Shiffrin has the distinction of having revolutionized information-processing theory. It catapulated a whole generation of cognitive psychologists into sustained research programs that continue to be productive year after year. The book's notable authors analyze and deliberate on the model's monumental scientific contributions to human learning and memory. They also challenge it and delve into its likely future evolution and impact on learning and memory. The volume was published in celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Atkinson-Shiffrin model and sets forth a provocative future for memory workers and learning theorists.

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Robert L. Greene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-02
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9781317782810
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Summary : The fact that cognitive psychology has become largely concerned with a handful of laboratory tasks has brought expressions of concern and suggestions about how to place the field on a more solid footing. The view expressed here, however, is that the classic cognitive paradigms have become fascinating puzzles on which some of the best minds in the field have labored. An examination of the development of research in these areas yields many examples of the scientific method at its most sophisticated, as well as impressive examples of how theories and data can interact. Covering the whole temporal range of memory experiences, this volume provides a review of the major paradigms that have been used by experimental psychologists to study human memory.

The Psychology of Human Memory

The Psychology of Human Memory
  • Author : Arthur Wingfield,Dennis L. Byrnes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-11
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9781483259437
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Summary : The Psychology of Human Memory presents a comprehensive discussion on the principles of human memory. The book is primarily concerned with theories and experiments on the acquisition and use of information. Topics on theoretical ideas that formed the basis for the earliest studies of memory; memory processes; aspects of association theory; capacity limitations; coding processes; types of memories; and applied memory research are also tackled. Psychologists, educators, psychiatrists, and students will find the book a good reference material.

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Mary B. Howes,Geoffrey O'Shea
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-21
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780124081062
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Summary : While memory research has recently focused on brain images and neurological underpinnings of transmitters, Human Memory: A Constructivist View assesses how our individual identity affects what we remember, why and how. This book brings memory back to the constructivist questions of how all the experiences of an individual, up to the point of new memory input, help to determine what that person pays attention to, how that information is interpreted, and how all that ultimately affects what goes into memory and how it is stored. This also affects what can be recalled later and what kind of memory distortions are likely to occur. The authors describe constructionist theories of memory, what they predict, how this is borne out in research findings, presenting everyday life examples for better understanding of the material and interest. Intended for memory researchers and graduate level courses, this book is an excellent summary of human memory research from the constructivist perspective. Defines constructivist theory in memory research Assesses research findings relative to constructivist predictions Identifies how personal experience dictates attention, interpretation, and storage Integrates constructivist based findings with cognitive neuroscience

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Alan D. Baddeley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : 0863774318
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Summary : The models of how human memory works and developments in our understanding of the subject are explained and examined in this textbook for students and professionals. The author has tried to keep the style accessible for the general reader too

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Geoffrey R. Loftus,Elizabeth F. Loftus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781317722625
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Summary : Over the past 20 years, the study of human memory has become an increasingly popular topic of study for psychologists, and since the late 1960s a new framework for studying memory has begun to take shape. It is the purpose of this book to present a broad overview of this framework, including descriptions of (1) the major theoretical components of the framework and (2) the critical research findings that justify the establishment of these components and illuminate the mechanisms by which they operate. The book is not meant to constitute an exhaustive review of the enormous research literature that has accrued over the years. The authors deliberately avoid wading into masses of detail on any given topic area, and we deliberately sidestep a number of current theoretical controversies. Instead, this book has been planned to be a guide and an introduction for the student or interested layman with little or no background in the area of memory as a field of psychological inquiry.

Essentials of Human Memory (Classic Edition)

Essentials of Human Memory (Classic Edition)
  • Author : Alan Baddeley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9781135068691
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Summary : This Classic Edition of the best-selling textbook offers an in-depth overview of approaches to the study of memory. With empirical research from both the real world and the neuropsychological clinic, the book explains the fundamental workings of human memory in a clear and accessible style. This edition contains a new introduction and concluding chapter in which the author reflects on how the book is organized, and also on how the field of memory has developed since it was first published. Essentials of Human Memory evolved from a belief that, although the amount we know about memory has increased enormously in recent years, it is still possible to explain it in a way that would be fully understood by the general reader. After a broad overview of approaches to the study of memory, short-term and working memory are discussed, followed by learning, the role of organizing in remembering and factors influencing forgetting, including emotional variables and claims for the role of repression in what has become known as the false memory syndrome. The way in which knowledge of the world is stored is discussed next, followed by an account of the processes underlying retrieval, and their application to the practical issues of eyewitness testimony. The breakdown of memory in the amnesic syndrome is discussed next, followed by discussion of the way in which memory develops in children, and declines in the elderly. After a section concerned with mnemonic techniques and memory improvement, the book ends with an overview of recent developments in the field of human memory. Written by the leading expert in human memory, recently awarded the British Psychological Society Research Board Lifetime Achievement Award, Essentials of Human Memory will be of interest to students of Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology, and anyone with an interest in the workings of memory.

Models of Human Memory

Models of Human Memory
  • Author : Donald A. Norman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 9781483258201
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Summary : Models of Human Memory provides an overview of the state of knowledge on human memory models. The book begins with an introductory chapter on the basic stages of the memory system and the historical roots of memory models. The remaining chapters are organized into five parts. Part I on memory systems covers topics such as a system for perception and memory; multi-trace strength theory of memory; and a model for postperceptual verbal memory that postulates a single memory store, with multiple copies, called replicas, created in memory by rehearsal processes. Part II presents studies phoneme storage and word recognition. Part III on memory for associations examines the storage-retrieval theory for the memorizing processes and presents simple model of short-term memory (STM) for paired associates. Part IV on storage and retrieval mechanisms deals with mechanisms of repetition and rehearsal in short-term memory; models of recall and recognition; and memory search models. Part V presents a theory of human long-term associative memory; and examines conceptual and methodological interactions between information-processing investigations of cognitive activity and attempts to build models of memory.

Contextualizing Human Memory

Contextualizing Human Memory
  • Author : Charles Stone,Lucas Bietti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-16
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9781317807445
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Summary : This edited collection provides an inter- and intra-disciplinary discussion of the critical role context plays in how and when individuals and groups remember the past. International contributors integrate key research from a range of disciplines, including social and cognitive psychology, discursive psychology, philosophy/philosophical psychology and cognitive linguistics, to increase awareness of the central role that cultural, social and technological contexts play in determining individual and collective recollections at multiple, yet interconnected, levels of human experience. Divided into three parts, cognitive and psychological perspectives, social and cultural perspectives, and cognitive linguistics and philosophical perspectives, Stone and Bietti present a breadth of research on memory in context. Topics covered include: the construction of self-identity in memory flashbulb memories scaffolding memory the cultural psychology of remembering social aspects of memory the mnemonic consequences of silence emotion and memory eyewitness identification multimodal communication and collective remembering. Contextualizing Human Memory allows researchers to understand the variety of work undertaken in related fields, and to appreciate the importance of context in understanding when, how and what is remembered at any given recollection. The book will appeal to researchers, academics and postgraduate students in the fields of cognitive and social psychology, as well as those in related disciplines interested in learning more about the advancing field of memory studies.

Human Memory and Amnesia (PLE: Memory)

Human Memory and Amnesia (PLE: Memory)
  • Author : Laird S. Cermak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-09
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9781317695462
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Summary : Originally published in 1982, this book brings together two areas of research previously studied in parallel, with little interaction (particularly in the US): normal memory processing and the amnesic syndrome. When trying to document the relationship between the two it became apparent that there was much crossover and duplication of effort in a number of areas: whether long-term memory and short-term memory truly represent independent storage systems, or are simply points on a continuum; trying to determine the primary locus of variables influencing the rate at which information is lost during retention; whether episodic memory and semantic memory represent two different storage systems, or are simply artifacts produced by different kinds of query to a single memory system and finally, whether visual and verbal memory are independent. It was written, following a meeting in 1979, by a small group of investigators, brought together to explore this commonality and to share data and theory, thus beginning the promise of a bright future of interdisciplinary interaction in memory research.

Remembering

Remembering
  • Author : D. Stephen Lindsay,Colleen M. Kelley,Andrew P. Yonelinas,Henry L. Roediger, III
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-13
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9781317619222
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Summary : In the 22 chapters in this volume, many of the world’s foremost memory scientists report on their cutting-edge research on the nature of human memory, with several chapters reporting new empirical studies that are being published for the first time. All the contributions are inspired by the work of Larry Jacoby on human memory, with his emphasis on episodic memory -- that is, the processes and mechanisms that enable us to remember our own past experiences. In addition, the volume reflects Jacoby's appreciation that memory enters into a wide range of psychological phenomena, including perceiving, attending, and performing. The stellar list of contributors and the breadth of coverage makes this volume essential reading for researchers and graduate students in cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience, as well as being a tribute and celebration of the inspirational, groundbreaking -- and ongoing -- work of Larry Jacoby.

Introduction to Human Memory (PLE: Memory)

Introduction to Human Memory (PLE: Memory)
  • Author : Vernon Gregg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-09
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9781317749233
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Summary : Originally published in 1986, this book was written for undergraduates who had completed an introductory course in psychology, and aimed to acquaint the student with the core of recent experimental findings and theoretical ideas concerning human memory. Each chapter deals with a specific area of memory research but care is taken to build on what has been covered in preceding chapters, so providing an integrated treatment of the subject. Thus, the book can comfortably be read from cover to cover, or selected issues can be referred to in isolation. Important features of the book include discussion of fundamental issues about the nature of the scientific process, the role of models and theories in it, and the historical development of models of human memory. Also, the treatment of ‘Forgetting’ includes chapters on motivational aspects (psychopathological forgetting, post-hypnotic amnesia, and directed forgetting), and organic amnesia.

Human Memory and Material Memory

Human Memory and Material Memory
  • Author : Christian Lexcellent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-29
  • Total pages :86
  • ISBN : 9783319995434
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Summary : This book investigates the fascinating concept of a continuum between human memory and memory of materials. The first part provides state-of-the-art information on shape memory alloys and outlines a brief history of memory from the ancient Greeks to the present day, describing phenomenological, philosophical, and technical approaches such as neuroscience. Then, using a wealth of anecdotes, data from academic literature, and original research, this short book discusses the concepts of post-memory, memristors and forgiveness, highlights the analogies between materials defects and memory traces in the human brain. Lastly, it tackles questions of how human memory and memory of materials work together and interact. With insights from materials mechanics, neuroscience and philosophy, it enables readers to understand and continue this open debate on human memory.

Foundations of Human Memory

Foundations of Human Memory
  • Author : Michael Jacob Kahana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-18
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 9780195333244
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Summary : Foundations of Human Memory provides an introduction to the scientific study of human memory with an emphasis on both the major theories of memory and the laboratory studies that have been used to test those theories and inspire their further development. Written with the undergraduate student in mind, the text is organized around the major empirical paradigms used to study memory in the laboratory and the theories used to explain data obtained using those paradigms.

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Gabriel A. Radvansky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-13
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9781134871735
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Summary : This book provides a complete survey of research and theory on human memory in three major sections. A background section covers issues of the history of memory, and basic neuroscience and methodology. A core topics section discusses sensory registers, mechanisms of forgetting, and short-term/working, nondeclarative, episodic, and semantic memory. Finally, a special topics section includes formal models of memory, memory for space and time, autobiographical memory, memory and reality, and more. Throughout, the author weaves applications from psychology, medicine, law, and education to show the usefulness of the concepts in everyday life and multiple career paths. Opportunities for students to explore the assessment of memory in laboratory-based settings are also provided. Chapters can be covered in any order, providing instructors with the utmost flexibility in course assignments, and each one includes an overview, key terms, Stop and Review synopses, Try it Out exercises, Improving Your Memory and Study in Depth boxes, study questions, and Putting It All Together and Explore More sections. This text is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in human memory, human learning and memory, neuropsychology of memory, and seminars on topics in human memory. It can also be used for more general cognitive psychology and cognitive science courses. New to this edition: - Now in full color. - More tables, graphs, and photos to help students visualize concepts. -Improving Your Memory boxes highlight the practical aspects of memory, and Study in Depth boxes review the steps of how results were constructed. -The latest memory research on the testing effect, the influences of sleep, memory reconsolidation, childhood memory, the default mode network, neurogenesis, and more. -Greater coverage of neuroscience, fMRIs, and other recent advances such as NIRS and pupilometry. -A website at www.routledge.com/cw/radvansky with outlines, review points, chapter summaries, key terms with definitions, quizzes, and links to related websites, videos, and suggested readings for students as well as PowerPoints, multiple-choice and essay questions, discussion questions, and a conversion guide for current adopters for instructors.

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Mary B. Howes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-22
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781452245072
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Summary : Human Memory: Structures and Images offers students a comprehensive overview of research in human memory. Providing a theoretical background for the research, author Mary B. Howes uses a clear and accessible format to cover three major areas—mainstream experimental research; naturalistic research; and work in the domains of the amnesias, malfunctions of memory, and neuroscience.

Human Associative Memory

Human Associative Memory
  • Author : John R. Anderson,G. H. Bower
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-25
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9781317769873
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Summary : First published in 1973. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Lifespan Development of Human Memory

Lifespan Development of Human Memory
  • Author : Peter Graf (PhD.),Nobuo Ohta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 026207236X
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Summary : An original approach to memory development that views memory as a continuous process of growth and loss over the human lifespan rather than as a series of separate periods. Until recently, the vast majority of memory research used only university students and other young adults as subjects. Although such research successfully introduced new methodologies and theoretical concepts, it created a bias in our understanding of the lifespan development of memory. This book signals a departure from young-adult-centered research. It views the lifespan development of memory as a continuous process of growth and loss, where each phase of development raises unique questions favoring distinct research methods and theoretical approaches. Drawing on a broad range of investigative strategies, the book lays the foundation for a comprehensive understanding of the lifespan development of human memory. Topics include the childhood and adulthood development of working memory, episodic and autobiographical memory, and prospective memory, as well as the breakdown of memory functions in Alzheimer's disease. Of particular interest is the rich diversity of approaches, methods, and theories. The book takes an interdisciplinary perspective, drawing on work from psychology, psychiatry, gerontology, and biochemistry.

Human Memory

Human Memory
  • Author : Ian Neath,Aimée M. Surprenant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : PSU:000062905824
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Summary : This book balances coverage of theory, research, and data in order to promote a more complete understanding of how human memory works. The book strikes a balance between historically significant findings and current research. Actual experiments, both paper and pencil and online demonstrations, are included to help students see the link between theory and data.

The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory
  • Author : Elisabeth A. Murray,Steven P. Wise,Kim S. Graham,Mary K. L. Baldwin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780198828051
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Summary : On a trip down memory lane, four neuroscientists present an entertaining and accessible account of how evolution produced human memory, beginning with early vertebrates. The authors discuss the challenges and opportunities faced by a series of our direct ancestors, illustrate how the brains of these animals changed, and explain how these changes came to support new forms of memory. The book reveals how evolution fashioned the many forms of memory present in thehuman brain, why we can apply our knowledge flexibly in novel situations, and why we, uniquely among species, can remember and reflect upon the stories of our lives.

Human Spatial Memory

Human Spatial Memory
  • Author : Gary L. Allen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-12
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9781135635121
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Summary : The chapters in Human Spatial Memory: Remembering Where present a fascinating picture of an everyday aspect of mental life that is as intriguing to people outside of academia as it is to scientists studying human cognition and behavior. The questions are as old as the study of mind itself: How do we remember where objects are located? How do we remember where we are in relation to other places? What is the origin and developmental course of spatial memory? What neural structures are involved in remembering where? How do we come to understand scaled-down versions of places as symbolic representations of actual places? Although the questions are old, some of the answers-in-progress are new, thanks to some innovative theorizing, solid experimental work, and revealing applications of new technologies, such as virtual environments and brain imaging techniques. This volume includes a variety of theoretical, empirical, and methodological advances that invite readers to make their own novel connections between theory and research. Scholars who study spatial cognition can benefit from examining the latest from well-established experts, as well as milestone contributions from early-career researchers. This combination provides the reader with a sense of past, present, and future in terms of spatial memory research. Just as important, however, is the value of the volume as a touchstone resource for researchers who study perception, memory, or cognition but who are not concerned primarily with the spatial domain. All readers may find the fact that this volume violates the trend toward an ever-narrowing specialization refreshing. Chapters from cognitive psychologists are alongside chapters by developmentalists and neuroscientists; results from field studies are just pages away from those based on fMRI during observation of virtual displays. Thus, the book invites integrative examination across disciplines, research areas, and methodological approaches.