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Hybrid Perovskite Composite Materials

Hybrid Perovskite Composite Materials
  • Author : Imran Khan,Anish Khan,Mohammad Mujahid Ali Khan,Shakeel Khan,Francis Verpoort,Arshad Umar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-27
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9780128204009
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Summary : Hybrid Composite Perovskite Materials: Design to Applications discusses the manufacturing, design and characterization of organic-inorganic perovskite composite materials. The book goes beyond the basics of characterization and discusses physical properties, surface morphology and environmental stability. Users will find extensive examples of real-world products that are suitable for the needs of the market. Following a logical order, the book begins with mathematical background and then covers innovative approaches to physical modeling, analysis and design techniques. Numerous examples illustrate the proposed methods and results, making this book a sound resource on the modern research application of perovskite composites with real commercial value. Discusses the composition of perovskite materials and their properties, manufacturing and environmental stability Includes both fundamentals and state-of-the-art developments Features the main types of applications, including solar cells, photovoltaics, sensors and optoelectronic devices

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Raju Kumar Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-03
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9780081007907
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Summary : Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Processing presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their processing. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Raju Kumar Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-03
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9780081007921
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Summary : Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Volume 1: Structure and Chemistry presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their structure and chemistry. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
  • Author : Amit Sachdeva,Pramod Kumar Singh,Hee Woo Rhee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-12
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781000328004
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Summary : Composite Materials: Properties, Characterisation, and Applications provides an in-depth description of the synthesis, properties, and various characterisation techniques used for the study of composite materials. Covers applications and simulation tests of these advanced materials Presents real-world examples for demonstration Discusses surface, thermal, and electrical characterisation techniques Covers composites for use as sensors Aimed at industry professionals and researchers, this book offers readers thorough knowledge of the fundamentals as well as advanced level techniques involved in composite material characterisation, development, and applications.

Theoretical Modeling of Organohalide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications

Theoretical Modeling of Organohalide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications
  • Author : Giacomo Giorgi,Koichi Yamashita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781351648462
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Summary : Perovskites are a class of recently discovered crystals with a multitude of innovative applications. In particular, a lead role is played by organic-inorganic halide perovskites (OIHPs) in solar devices. In 2013 Science and Nature selected perovskite solar cells as one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs of that year. This book provides the first comprehensive account of theoretical aspects of perovskite solar cells, starting at an introductory level but covering the latest cutting-edge research. Theoretical Modeling of Organohalide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications aims to provide a theoretical standpoint on OIHPs and on their photovoltaic applications, with particular focus on the issues that are still limiting their usage in solar cells. This book explores the role that organic cations and defects play in the material properties of OIHPs and their effects on the final device, in addition to discussing the electric properties of OIHPs; the environmentally friendly alternatives to the use of lead in their structural and electronic properties; theoretical screening for OIHP-related material for solar-to-energy conversion; and the nature and the behavior of quasiparticles in OIHPs.

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
  • Author : Andreas Mortensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-08
  • Total pages :1050
  • ISBN : 0080524621
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Summary : Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in composite materials made from polymers, metals, ceramics, carbon, biocomposites, nanocomposites, wood, cement, fibers, etc. Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the essentials of composite materials, including recent updates Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field Enables rapid reference; extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature Covers areas of active research, such as biomaterials and porous materials

Advances in Composite Materials and Structures

Advances in Composite Materials and Structures
  • Author : Jang Kyo Kim,Ding Zhu Wo,Li Min Zhou,Hai Tao Huang,K.T. Lau,Min Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-15
  • Total pages :1360
  • ISBN : 9783038131243
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection reflects the current worldwide state of knowledge concerning the latest scientific concepts and technological developments in the characterization, testing, mechanics, modelling, manufacturing and applications of various classes of composite materials and structures. It is also intended to promote the sharing of ideas and emerging technologies, as well as to foster R & D collaboration among academia, research institutions and the relevant industries.

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Perovskites

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Perovskites
  • Author : Wei Li,Alessandro Stroppa,Song Gao,Zhe-ming Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-24
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9783527344345
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Summary : Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIPs) have attracted substantial interest due to their chemical variability, structural diversity and favorable physical properties the past decade. This materials class encompasses other important families such as formates, azides, dicyanamides, cyanides and dicyanometallates. The book summarizes the chemical variability and structural diversity of all known hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites subclasses including halides, azides, formates, dicyanamides, cyanides and dicyanometallates. It also presents a comprehensive account of their intriguing physical properties, including photovoltaic, optoelectronic, dielectric, magnetic, ferroelectric, ferroelastic and multiferroic properties. Moreover, the current challenges and future opportunities in this exciting field are also been discussed. This timely book shows the readers a complete landscape of hybrid organic-inorganic pervoskites and associated multifuctionalities.

Perovskite Photovoltaics

Perovskite Photovoltaics
  • Author : Aparna Thankappan,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-29
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9780128129166
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Summary : Perovskite Photovoltaics: Basic to Advanced Concepts and Implementation examines the emergence of perovskite photovoltaics, associated challenges and opportunities, and how to achieve broader development. Consolidating developments in perovskite photovoltaics, including recent progress solar cells, this text also highlights advances and the research necessary for sustaining energy. Addressing different photovoltaics fields with tailored content for what makes perovskite solar cells suitable, and including commercialization examples of large-scale perovskite solar technology. The book also contains a detailed analysis of the implementation and economic viability of perovskite solar cells, highlighting what photovoltaic devices need to be generated by low cost, non-toxic, earth abundant materials using environmentally scalable processes. This book is a valuable resource engineers, scientists and researchers, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge on flexible perovskite solar cells. Includes contributions by leading solar cell academics, industrialists, researchers and institutions across the globe Addresses different photovoltaics fields with tailored content for what makes perovskite solar cells different Provides commercialization examples of large-scale perovskite solar technology, giving users detailed analysis on the implementation, technical challenges and economic viability of perovskite solar cells

Halide Perovskites

Halide Perovskites
  • Author : Tze-Chien Sum,Nripan Mathews
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-11
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9783527341115
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Summary : Real insight from leading experts in the field into the causes of the unique photovoltaic performance of perovskite solar cells, describing the fundamentals of perovskite materials and device architectures. The authors cover materials research and development, device fabrication and engineering methodologies, as well as current knowledge extending beyond perovskite photovoltaics, such as the novel spin physics and multiferroic properties of this family of materials. Aimed at a better and clearer understanding of the latest developments in the hybrid perovskite field, this is a must-have for material scientists, chemists, physicists and engineers entering or already working in this booming field.

Solar Cells

Solar Cells
  • Author : Leonid A. Kosyachenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-22
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9789535121848
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Summary : This book contains chapters in which the problems of modern photovoltaics are considered. The majority of the chapters provide an overview of the results of research and development of different types of solar cells. Such chapters are completed by a justification for a new solar cell structure and technology. Of course, highly effective solar energy conversion is impossible without an in-depth examination of the solar cell components as physical materials. The relations between structural, thermodynamic, and optical properties of the physical material without addressing the band theory of solids are of both theoretical and practical interest. Requirements formulated for the material are also to be used for maximally efficient conversion of solar radiation into useful work.

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials
  • Author : Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 9789535122456
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Summary : The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Solar Cells and Light Management

Solar Cells and Light Management
  • Author : Francesco Enrichi,Giancarlo C. Righini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 0081027621
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Summary : Solar Cells and Light Management: Materials, Strategies and Sustainability provides an extensive review on the latest advances in PV materials, along with light management strategies for better exploiting the solar spectrum. Following a brief review of the current status of solar cells, the book discusses different concepts, principles and technologies for solar devices, starting with standard silicon cells and then covering organic-hybrid, DSSC, perovskite, quantum dots and nanostructured oxide solar cells. Other sections focus on light manipulation and spectral modification, materials for spectral conversion, and environmental and sustainably considerations. An emergy analysis, which is an extension of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology, is applied to the study of solar PV systems, thus allowing for effective integrated indicators. Provides a comprehensive picture of light management strategies Features the most recent advances in the field, including novel materials and advanced solar cell technologies Presents a resource that is applicable to both new or experienced researchers in the field Contains a section on environmental and sustainability issues

Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing

Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing
  • Author : Alain C. Pierre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :701
  • ISBN : 9783030381448
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Summary : This book presents a broad, general introduction to the processing of Sol-Gel technologies. This updated volume serves as a general handbook for researchers and students entering the field. This new edition provides updates in fields that have undergone rapid developments, such as Ceramics, Catalysis, Chromatropgraphy, biomaterials, glass science, and optics. It provides a simple, compact resource that can also be used in graduate-level materials science courses.

Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems

Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
  • Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Perumal Rameshkumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-12
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780128227695
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Summary : Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems gathers and reviews developments within the field of nanostructured functional materials towards energy conversion and storage. Contributions from leading research groups involved in interdisciplinary research in the fields of chemistry, physics and materials science and engineering are presented. Chapters dealing with the development of nanostructured materials for energy conversion processes, including oxygen reduction, methanol oxidation, oxygen evolution, hydrogen evolution, formic acid oxidation and solar cells are discussed. The work concludes with a look at the application of nanostructured functional materials in energy storage system, such as supercapacitors and batteries. With its distinguished international team of expert contributors, this book will be an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the field of energy conversion and storage, including materials engineers, scientists and academics. Covers the importance of energy conversion and storage systems and the application of nanostructured functional materials toward energy-relevant catalytic processes Discusses the basic principles involved in energy conversion and storage systems Presents the role of nanostructured functional materials in the current scenario of energy-related research and development

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
  • Author : Krishan K. Cha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-03
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780387743646
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Summary : The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.

Hybrid and Fully Thermoelectric Solar Harvesting

Hybrid and Fully Thermoelectric Solar Harvesting
  • Author : Dario Narducci,Peter Bermel,Bruno Lorenzi,Ning Wang,Kazuaki Yazawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-26
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9783319764276
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview on fully thermal and hybrid solar generators based on thermoelectric devices. The book fills a gap in the literature on solar conversion and thermoelectrics, because despite the growing number of papers dealing with the use of thermoelectrics in solar power conversion, no book exists for PV specialists or thermoelectricity experts to enter this field. The book is intended as a primer for scientists or engineers willing to complement their expertise in one of the two fields, and to get an updated, critical review of the state of the art in thermoelectric solar harvesting.

Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics

Nanostructured Materials for Type III Photovoltaics
  • Author : Peter Skabara,Mohammad Azad Malik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-08
  • Total pages :514
  • ISBN : 9781788012508
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Summary : Materials for type III solar cells have branched into a series of generic groups. These include organic ‘small molecule’ and polymer conjugated structures, fullerenes, quantum dots, copper indium gallium selenide nanocrystal films, dyes/TiO2 for Grätzel cells, hybrid organic/inorganic composites and perovskites. Whilst the power conversion efficiencies of organic solar cells are modest compared to other type III photovoltaic materials, plastic semiconductors provide a cheap route to manufacture through solution processing and offer flexible devices. However, other types of materials are proving to be compatible with this type of processing whilst providing higher device efficiencies. As a result, the field is experiencing healthy competition between technologies that is pushing progress at a fast rate. In particular, perovskite solar cells have emerged very recently as a highly disruptive technology with power conversion efficiencies now over 20%. Perovskite cells, however, still have to address stability and environmental issues. With such a diverse range of materials, it is timely to capture the different technologies into a single volume of work. This book will give a collective insight into the different roles that nanostructured materials play in type III solar cells. This will be an essential text for those working with any of the devices highlighted above, providing a fundamental understanding and appreciation of the potential and challenges associated with each of these technologies.

Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials for Energy

Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials for Energy
  • Author : Zhiqun Lin,Meidan Ye,Mengye Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-19
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780081019788
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Summary : Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials for Energy discusses recent developments in multifunctional photocatalytic materials, such as semiconductors, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and graphene, with an emphasis on their novel properties and synthesis strategies and discussions of their fundamental principles and applicational achievements in energy fields, for example, hydrogen generation from water splitting, CO2 reduction to hydrocarbon fuels, degradation of organic pollutions and solar cells. This book serves as a valuable reference book for researchers, but is also an instructive text for undergraduate and postgraduate students who want to learn about multifunctional photocatalytic materials to stimulate their interests in designing and creating advanced materials. Covers all aspects of recent developments in multifunctional photocatalytic materials Provides fundamental understanding of the structure, properties and energy applications of these materials Contains contributions from leading international experts in the field working in multidisciplinary subject areas Focuses on advanced applications and future research advancements, such as graphene-based nanomaterials and multi-hybrid nanocomposites Presents a valuable reference for researchers and students that stimulates interest in designing advanced materials for renewable energy resources

In Truth, Madness

In Truth, Madness
  • Author : Imran Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-24
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9781911586913
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Summary : Meet Malek Khalil. In his mid-40s, Malek is a brilliant reporter with decades of experience in the field. If there has been a war, natural disaster or political crisis, Malek has been there and will be there. But the years of conflict reporting have taken their toll and Malek is slowly unravelling. His colleagues, Neeka and Justin, have noticed a change in him. Neeka should know, she has been his producer for decades and knows him better than he knows himself. Justin the cameraman has shot his material for just as long. Together they make a formidable team. But they are only as strong as each other - and Malek is fast going down the rabbit hole. Born a Muslim but an atheist to his core, Malek undertakes a voyage that takes him around the world and back in time to ancient Babylon as he finds himself arguing with a God in whom he doesn't believe. The novel takes place throughout Middle East, South Asia and London where the backdrop of war, religion, political skullduggery and love play out to take the reader on a journey through some of the most dangerous parts of modern culture and the ancient world.

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications
  • Author : Mariam Al Ali AlMaadeed,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Marcelo A. Carignano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-29
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780128173039
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Summary : Polymer Science and Innovative Applications: Materials, Techniques, and Future Developments introduces the science of innovative polymers and composites, their analysis via experimental techniques and simulation, and their utilization in a variety of application areas. This approach helps to unlock the potential of new materials for product design and other uses. The book also examines the role that these applications play in the human world, from pollution and health impacts, to their potential to make a positive contribution in areas including environmental remediation, medicine and healthcare, and renewable energy. Advantages, disadvantages, possibilities, and challenges relating to the utilization of polymers in human society are included. Presents the latest advanced applications of polymers and their composites and identifies key areas for future development Introduces the simulation methods and experimental techniques involved in the modification of polymer properties, supported by clear and detailed images and diagrams Supports an interdisciplinary approach, enabling readers across different fields to harness the power of new materials for innovative applications