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Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology
  • Author : Johannes Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-14
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780124115217
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Summary : When classifying fracturing fluids and their additives, it is important that production, operation, and completion engineers understand which chemical should be utilized in different well environments. A user's guide to the many chemicals and chemical additives used in hydraulic fracturing operations, Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology provides an easy-to-use manual to create fluid formulations that will meet project-specific needs while protecting the environment and the life of the well. Fink creates a concise and comprehensive reference that enables the engineer to logically select and use the appropriate chemicals on any hydraulic fracturing job. The first book devoted entirely to hydraulic fracturing chemicals, Fink eliminates the guesswork so the engineer can select the best chemicals needed on the job while providing the best protection for the well, workers and environment. Pinpoints the specific compounds used in any given fracturing operation Provides a systematic approach to classifying fracturing fluid technology to meet specific project needs Eliminates guesswork with easy-to-understand language on selection and components of hydraulic fracturing chemicals Addresses environmental aspects of chemicals to safeguard employees and protect the environment

INTRODUCTION TO THE HYDRAULIC FRACTURING CHEMICALS AND FLUIDS TECHNOLOGY.

INTRODUCTION TO THE HYDRAULIC FRACTURING CHEMICALS AND FLUIDS TECHNOLOGY.
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1785695819
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Summary :

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology
  • Author : Narendra Parihar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-01
  • Total pages :259
  • ISBN : 1681174014
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Summary : Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology provides an easy-to-use manual to create fluid formulations that will meet project-specific needs while protecting the environment and the life of the well. Fink creates a concise and comprehensive reference that enables the engineer to logically select and use the appropriate chemicals on any hydraulic fracturing job. The book devoted entirely to hydraulic fracturing chemicals, Fink eliminates the guesswork so the engineer can select the best chemicals needed on the job while providing the best protection for the well, workers and environment. When classifying fracturing fluids and their additives, it is important that production, operation, and completion engineers understand which chemical should be utilized in different well environments.

ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING CHEMICALS AND FLUIDS TECHNOLOGY (3 VOLUMES).

ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING CHEMICALS AND FLUIDS TECHNOLOGY (3 VOLUMES).
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1785695800
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Summary :

Water-Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling, Completion, and Workover Fluids

Water-Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling, Completion, and Workover Fluids
  • Author : Johannes Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-06
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780128026434
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Summary : Oil and gas engineers today use three main factors in deciding drilling fluids: cost, performance, and environmental impact, making water-based products a much more attractive option. Water-Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling, Completion, and Workover Fluids effectively delivers all the background and infrastructure needed for an oil and gas engineer to utilize more water-based products that benefit the whole spectrum of the well’s life cycle. Helping to mitigate critical well issues such as formation damage, fluid loss control, and borehole repair, more operators demand to know the full selection of water-based products available to consistently keep a peak well performance. This must-have training guide provides the necessary coverage in the area, broken down by type and use, along with an extensive list of supportive materials such as a chemical index of structural formulas and helpful list of references for further reading. In addition to understanding the types, special additives, and chemical compatibilities of the products available, the reader will also learn proper waste disposal techniques, including management of produced water, a component mandatory to hydraulic fracturing operations. Concise and comprehensive, Water-Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling, Completion, and Workover Fluids details all the necessary educational content and handy references to elevate your well’s performance while lowering your environmental impact. Understand the basics and functions on all water-based fluids for drilling, completion, cementing, and enhanced oil recovery operations Get up to date with the growing need for water-based fluids in hydraulic fracturing operations including supportive materials such as an index of trade names, acronyms, and chemicals Stay responsible and know the environmental aspects and current regulations, including disposal and discharge

Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids

Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids
  • Author : Johannes Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-13
  • Total pages :808
  • ISBN : 0123838452
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Summary : Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids is a comprehensive manual that provides end users with information about oil field chemicals, such as drilling muds, corrosion and scale inhibitors, gelling agents and bacterial control. This book is an extension and update of Oil Field Chemicals published in 2003, and it presents a compilation of materials from literature and patents, arranged according to applications and the way a typical job is practiced. The text is composed of 23 chapters that cover oil field chemicals arranged according to their use. Each chapter follows a uniform template, starting with a brief overview of the chemical followed by reviews, monomers, polymerization, and fabrication. The different aspects of application, including safety and environmental impacts, for each chemical are also discussed throughout the chapters. The text also includes handy indices for trade names, acronyms and chemicals. Petroleum, production, drilling, completion, and operations engineers and managers will find this book invaluable for project management and production. Non-experts and students in petroleum engineering will also find this reference useful. Chemicals are ordered by use including drilling muds, corrosion inhibitors, and bacteria control Includes cutting edge chemicals and polymers such as water soluble polymers and viscosity control Handy index of chemical substances as well as a general chemical index

Oil Field Chemicals

Oil Field Chemicals
  • Author : Johannes Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-19
  • Total pages :495
  • ISBN : 0080497578
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Summary : Oil field chemicals are gaining increasing importance, as the resources of crude oil are decreasing. An increasing demand of more sophisticated methods in the exploitation of the natural resources emerges for this reason. This book reviews the progress in the area of oil field chemicals and additives of the last decade from a rather chemical view. The material presented is a compilation from the literature by screening critically approximately 20,000 references. The text is ordered according to applications, just in the way how the jobs are emerging in practice. It starts with drilling, goes to productions and ends with oil spill. Several chemicals are used in multiple disciplines, and to those separate chapters are devoted. Two index registers are available, an index of chemical substances and a general index. * Gives an introduction to the chemically orientated petroleum engineer. * Provides the petroleum engineer involved with research and development with a quick reference tool. * Covers interdisciplinary matter, i.e. connects petroleum recovery and handling with chemical aspects.

Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas

Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas
  • Author : U.s. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 1547257636
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Summary : This final report provides a review and synthesis of available scientific information concerning the relationship between hydraulic fracturing activities and drinking water resources in the United States. The report is organized around activities in the hydraulic fracturing water cycle and their potential to impact drinking water resources. The stages include: (1) acquiring water to be used for hydraulic fracturing (Water Acquisition), (2) mixing the water with chemical additives to prepare hydraulic fracturing fluids (Chemical Mixing), (3) injecting the hydraulic fracturing fluids into the production well to create fractures in the targeted production zone (Well Injection), (4) collecting the wastewater that returns through the well after injection (Produced Water Handling), and (5) managing the wastewater via disposal or reuse methods (Wastewater Disposal and Reuse). EPA found scientific evidence that hydraulic fracturing activities can impact drinking water resources under some circumstances. The report identifies certain conditions under which impacts from hydraulic fracturing activities can be more frequent or severe.

Handbook of Hydraulic Fracturing

Handbook of Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-15
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781118673041
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Summary : Presents an up-to-date description of current and new hydraulic fracturing processes Details Emerging Technologies such as Fracture Treatment Design, Open Hole Fracturing, Screenless Completions, Sand Control, Fracturing Completions and Productivity Covers Environmental Impact issues including Geological Disturbance; Chemicals used in Fracturing; General Chemicals; Toxic Chemicals; and Air, Water, Land, and Health impacts Provides many process diagrams as well as tables of feedstocks and their respective products

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology
  • Author : Johannes Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-28
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9780128220740
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Summary : Petroleum engineers continue to need cost saving and environmentally sustainable products and methods for today’s hydraulic fracturing operations. Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluid Technology, Second Edition, continues to deliver an easy-to-use manual of fluid formulations to meet specific job needs. Enhanced with more environmental aspects, this reference helps engineers and fluid specialists select and use the appropriate chemicals for any hydraulic fracturing job. New information concerning nanotechnology applications such as wellbore sealant and proppants are added to enhance operations in a sustainable manner while saving on production costs. Other updates include low recovery of fracturing water in shale, surfactants for waterless hydraulic fracturing, and expanded produced water treatment. Rounding out with updated references and patents for easy reference, Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluid Technology, Second Edition, gives engineers a critical guide on selecting better products to boost productions while strengthening environmental enhancement and consideration. Gain insight with new information surrounding environmental contamination and produced water treatment methods Save on production costs with new nanoparticle-enhanced fluids and applications Eliminate guesswork with systematic approach to fluid technology organized by project need

Guide to the Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines

Guide to the Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines
  • Author : Johannes Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-02
  • Total pages :455
  • ISBN : 0128054123
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Summary : Guide to Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines delivers a well-rounded collection of content, references, and patents to show all the practical chemical choices available for refinery and pipeline usage, along with their purposes, benefits, and general characteristics. Covering the full spectrum of downstream operations, this reference solves the many problems that engineers and managers currently face, including corrosion, leakage in pipelines, and pretreatment of heavy oil feedstocks, something that is of growing interest with today's unconventional activity. Additional coverage on special refinery additives and justification on why they react the way they do with other chemicals and feedstocks is included, along with a reference list of acronyms and an index of chemicals that will give engineers and managers the opportunity to recognize new chemical solutions that can be used in the downstream industry. Presents tactics practitioners can use to effectively locate and utilize the right chemical application specific to their refinery or pipeline operation Includes information on how to safely perform operations with coverage on environmental issues and safety, including waste stream treatment and sulfur removal Helps readers understand the composition and applications of chemicals used in oil and gas refineries and pipelines, along with where they should be applied, and how their structure interacts when mixed at the refinery

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained
  • Author : Erle C. Donaldson,Waqi Alam,Nasrin Begum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-25
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780127999968
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Summary : Rocks mechanics legend Erle Donaldson, along with colleagues Waqi Alam and Nasrin Begum from the oil and gas consultant company Tetrahedron, have authored this handbook on updated fundamentals and more recent technology used during a common hydraulic fracturing procedure. Meant for technical and non-technical professionals interested in the subject of hydraulic fracturing, the book provides a clear and simple explanation of the technology and related issues to promote the safe development of petroleum reserves leading to energy independence throughout the world.

Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Reservoirs

Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Reservoirs
  • Author : Hoss Belyadi,Ebrahim Fathi,Fatemeh Belyadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-18
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780128176665
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Summary : Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Reservoirs: Theories, Operations, and Economic Analysis, Second Edition, presents the latest operations and applications in all facets of fracturing. Enhanced to include today’s newest technologies, such as machine learning and the monitoring of field performance using pressure and rate transient analysis, this reference gives engineers the full spectrum of information needed to run unconventional field developments. Covering key aspects, including fracture clean-up, expanded material on refracturing, and a discussion on economic analysis in unconventional reservoirs, this book keeps today's petroleum engineers updated on the critical aspects of unconventional activity. Helps readers understand drilling and production technology and operations in shale gas through real-field examples Covers various topics on fractured wells and the exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons in one complete reference Presents the latest operations and applications in all facets of fracturing

Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Production

Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Production
  • Author : Spencer Ferguson,Matthew T. Gilbert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-20
  • Total pages :153
  • ISBN : 1622576721
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Summary : Hydraulic fracturing is a technique used to free oil and natural gas trapped underground in low-permeability rock formations by injecting a fluid under high pressure in order to crack the formations. The composition of a fracturing fluid varies with the nature of the formation, but typically contains mostly water; a proppant to keep the fractures open, such as sand; and a small percentage of chemical additives. Some of these additives may be hazardous to health and the environment. The Shale Gas Production Subcommittee of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) has recommended public disclosure, on a well-by-well basis, of all the chemical ingredients added to fracturing fluids, with some protection for trade secrets. This book provides an overview of current and proposed laws and regulations at the state and federal levels that require the disclosure of the chemicals added to the fluid used in hydraulic fracturing.

Petroleum Production Engineering

Petroleum Production Engineering
  • Author : Boyun Guo,,Xinghui Liu,Xuehao Tan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-10
  • Total pages :780
  • ISBN : 9780128096123
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Summary : Petroleum Production Engineering, Second Edition, updates both the new and veteran engineer on how to employ day-to-day production fundamentals to solve real-world challenges with modern technology. Enhanced to include equations and references with today’s more complex systems, such as working with horizontal wells, workovers, and an entire new section of chapters dedicated to flow assurance, this go-to reference remains the most all-inclusive source for answering all upstream and midstream production issues. Completely updated with five sections covering the entire production spectrum, including well productivity, equipment and facilities, well stimulation and workover, artificial lift methods, and flow assurance, this updated edition continues to deliver the most practical applied production techniques, answers, and methods for today’s production engineer and manager. In addition, updated Excel spreadsheets that cover the most critical production equations from the book are included for download. Updated to cover today’s critical production challenges, such as flow assurance, horizontal and multi-lateral wells, and workovers Guides users from theory to practical application with the help of over 50 online Excel spreadsheets that contain basic production equations, such as gas lift potential, multilateral gas well deliverability, and production forecasting Delivers an all-inclusive product with real-world answers for training or quick look up solutions for the entire petroleum production spectrum

Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow

Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Fracture Characterization and Fluid Flow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-08-27
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780309049962
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Summary : Scientific understanding of fluid flow in rock fractures--a process underlying contemporary earth science problems from the search for petroleum to the controversy over nuclear waste storage--has grown significantly in the past 20 years. This volume presents a comprehensive report on the state of the field, with an interdisciplinary viewpoint, case studies of fracture sites, illustrations, conclusions, and research recommendations. The book addresses these questions: How can fractures that are significant hydraulic conductors be identified, located, and characterized? How do flow and transport occur in fracture systems? How can changes in fracture systems be predicted and controlled? Among other topics, the committee provides a geomechanical understanding of fracture formation, reviews methods for detecting subsurface fractures, and looks at the use of hydraulic and tracer tests to investigate fluid flow. The volume examines the state of conceptual and mathematical modeling, and it provides a useful framework for understanding the complexity of fracture changes that occur during fluid pumping and other engineering practices. With a practical and multidisciplinary outlook, this volume will be welcomed by geologists, petroleum geologists, geoengineers, geophysicists, hydrologists, researchers, educators and students in these fields, and public officials involved in geological projects.

Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater

Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater
  • Author : Frank R. Spellman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-08
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : 9781351986380
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Summary : This book provides a balanced discussion about the wastewater generated by hydraulic fracturing operations, and how to manage it. It includes an in-depth discussion of the hydraulic fracturing process, the resulting water cycle, and the potential risks to groundwater, soil, and air. The “fracking” process involves numerous chemicals that could potentially harm human health and the environment, especially if they enter and contaminate drinking water supplies. Treatment, reuse, and disposal options are the focus, and several case studies will be presented. The book also discusses the issues of the large amounts of water required for drilling operations, the impacts on water-sensitive regions.

Development of a Three-dimensional Compositional Hydraulic Fracturing Simulator for Energized Fluids

Development of a Three-dimensional Compositional Hydraulic Fracturing Simulator for Energized Fluids
  • Author : Lionel Herve Noel Ribeiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : OCLC:865582097
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Summary : Current practices in energized treatments, using gases and foams, remain rudimentary in comparison to other fracturing fluid technologies. None of the available 3D fracturing models for incompressible water-based fluids have been able to capture the thermal and compositional effects that are important when using energized fluids, as their constitutive equations assume single-phase, single-component, incompressible fluid flow. These models introduce a bias in fluid selection because they do not accurately capture the unique behavior of energized fluids. The lack of modeling tools specifically suited for these fluids has hindered their design and field implementation. This work uses a fully compositional 3D fracturing model to answer some of the questions surrounding the design of energized treatments. The new model is capable of handling any multi-component mixture of fluids and chemicals. Changes in fluid density, composition, and temperature are predicted using an energy balance equation and an equation of state. A wellbore model, which relates the surface and bottomhole conditions, determines the pumping requirements. Fracture performance is assessed by a fractured well productivity model that accounts for damage in the invaded zone and finite fracture conductivity. The combination of the fracture, productivity, and wellbore models forms a standalone simulator that is suitable for designing and optimizing energized treatments. The simulator offers a wide range of capabilities, making it suitable for many different applications ranging from hydraulic fracturing to long-term injections for enhanced oil recovery, well clean-up, or carbon sequestration purposes. The model is applicable to any well configuration: vertical, deviated, or horizontal. The resolution of the full 3D elasticity problem enables us to propagate the fracture across multiple layers, where height growth is controlled by the vertical distribution of the minimum horizontal stress. We conducted several sensitivity studies to compare the fracture propagation, productivity, and pumping requirements of various fluid candidates in different reservoirs. The results show that good proppant placement and high fracture conductivities can be achieved with foams and gelled fluid formulations. Foams provide a wide range of viscosities without using excessive amounts of gelling agents. They also provide superior fluid-loss control, as the filter-cake is supplemented by the presence of gas bubbles that reduce liquid-flow into the porous medium. CO2, LPG, and N2 expand significantly (by 15% or more) as the reservoir heats the fluid inside the fracture. These fluids show virtually no damage in the invaded zone, which is a significant improvement upon water-based fluids in reservoirs that are prone to water blocking. These results, however, are contingent on an accurate fluid characterization supported by experimental data; therefore, our work advocates for complementary experimental studies on fluid rheology, proppant transport, and fluid leak-off. A comprehensive sensitivity study over a wide range of reservoir conditions identified five key reservoir parameters for fluid selection: relative permeability curve, initial gas saturation, reservoir pressure, changes to rock mechanical properties, and water-sensitivity. Because energized fluids provide similar rheology and leak-off behaviors as water-based fluids, the primary design question it to evaluate the extent of the damaged zone against costs, fluid availability, and/or safety hazards. If the fluid-induced damage is acceptable, water-based fluids constitute a simple and attractive solution; otherwise, energized fluids are recommended. Notably, energized fluids are well-suited for reservoirs that are depleted, under-saturated, and/or water-sensitive. These fluids are also favorable in areas with a limited water supply. As water resources become constrained in many areas, reducing the water footprint and the environmental impact is of paramount concern, thereby making the use of energized treatments particularly attractive to replace or subsidize water in the fracturing process.

Chemicals Used in Hydraulic Fracturing

Chemicals Used in Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :30
  • ISBN : OCLC:803982784
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Summary : Hydraulic fracturing (also known as "fracking" or "hydrofracking") has helped to expand natural gas production in the United States, unlocking large natural gas supplies in shale and other unconventional formations across the country. As a result of hydraulic fracturing and advances in horizontal drilling technology, natural gas production in 2010 reached the highest level in decades. According to new estimates by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the United States possesses natural gas resources sufficient to supply the United States for approximately 110 years. As the use of hydraulic fracturing has grown, so have concerns about its environmental and public health impacts. One concern is that hydraulic fracturing fluids used to fracture rock formations contain numerous chemicals that could harm human health and the environment, especially if they enter drinking water supplies. The opposition of many oil and gas companies to public disclosure of the chemicals they use has compounded this concern. Last Congress, the Committee on Energy and Commerce launched an investigation to examine the practice of hydraulic fracturing in the United States. As part of that inquiry, the Committee asked the 14 leading oil and gas service companies to disclose the types and volumes of the hydraulic fracturing products they used in their fluids between 2005 and 2009 and the chemical contents of those products. This report summarizes the information provided to the Committee.

Advances in Natural Gas Emerging Technologies

Advances in Natural Gas Emerging Technologies
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :19??
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9535134345
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Summary :

The Fracking Debate

The Fracking Debate
  • Author : Daniel Raimi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-26
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9780231545716
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Summary : Over roughly the past decade, oil and gas production in the United States has surged dramatically—thanks largely to technological advances such as high-volume hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as “fracking.” This rapid increase has generated widespread debate, with proponents touting economic and energy-security benefits and opponents highlighting the environmental and social risks of increased oil and gas production. Despite the heated debate, neither side has a monopoly on the facts. In this book, Daniel Raimi gives a balanced and accessible view of oil and gas development, clearly and thoroughly explaining the key issues surrounding the shale revolution. The Fracking Debate directly addresses the most common questions and concerns associated with fracking: What is fracking? Does fracking pollute the water supply? Will fracking make the United States energy independent? Does fracking cause earthquakes? How is fracking regulated? Is fracking good for the economy? Coupling a deep understanding of the scholarly research with lessons from his travels to every major U.S. oil- and gas-producing region, Raimi highlights stories of the people and communities affected by the shale revolution, for better and for worse. The Fracking Debate provides the evidence and context that have so frequently been missing from the national discussion of the future of oil and gas production, offering readers the tools to make sense of this critical issue.