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Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys

Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys
  • Author : Branko N. Popov,Jong-Won Lee,Milos B. Djukic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-15
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 0128198567
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Summary : Hydrogen evolution and permeation are encountered during electroplating, corrosion, and cathodic protection. Hydrogen accumulates in areas of high stress and may reach a critical concentration, potentially causing fractures and catastrophic damage. Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys explores the theory of hydrogen permeation in metals and alloys, hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, and passivity materials selection as well as electrochemical and non-electrochemical methods for prevention of hydrogen-induced damage. Our goal is to help the next generation of engineers and scientists (i) understand the theory of hydrogen embrittlement and stress corrosion cracking as wells as hydrogen damage prevention strategies, (ii) design models for developing hydrogen damage-resistant alloys, and (iii) prevent damage of different industrial components due to the presence and localization of hydrogen in metals. To accomplish these objectives, the book offers case studies of hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, mechanical properties of alloys, hydrogen damage control, and solved problems (with solutions) for the topics covered in the book. The book is self-containing and targets also senior graduate university corrosion engineering courses. The senior undergraduate students have the necessary mathematical exposure and ability to follow the subject. The book is useful for undergraduate corrosion courses taught in chemical, electrochemical, mechanical engineering, chemistry, metallurgy, and material science and will serve as references for individual study. Provides a comprehensive explanation on hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, and hydrogen-induced stress corrosion cracking, creating difficulties in development of efficient strategies to preventing different types of hydrogen damage in metals and alloys Prepares the next generation of materials scientists, chemical engineers, and mechanical engineers to advance the hydrogen damage prevention strategies to a higher level and to develop advanced alloys resistant to hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen-induced damage Discusses hydrogen-induced damage and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms and the electrochemical and non-electrochemical prevention strategies as well as design of alloys resistive to hydrogen adsorption and embrittlement Includes solved case studies, corrosion analysis, and solved problems designed to help the reader to understand the fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics the chapters in the book are updated with data published in papers and reviews in the last 20 years, including the latest research and results

Hydrogen Effects in Materials

Hydrogen Effects in Materials
  • Author : Anthony W. Thompson,Neville R. Moody
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-27
  • Total pages :916
  • ISBN : 9781118803257
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Summary : Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Effect of Hydrogen on the Behavior of Materials sponsored by the Structural Materials Division (SMD) Mechanical Metallurgy and Corrosion & Environmental Effects Committees of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society held at Jackson Lake Lodge, Moran, Wyoming, September 11-14, 1994.

Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Methods for Evaluation and Control of Fasteners, 2001

Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Methods for Evaluation and Control of Fasteners, 2001
  • Author : Louis Raymond
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 0803127332
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Summary :

Effects of Hydrogen on Materials

Effects of Hydrogen on Materials
  • Author : Brian Somerday,Petros Sofronis,Russell H. Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-01
  • Total pages :765
  • ISBN : 9781615031368
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Summary : Research and commercial activity in developing hydrogen as a fuel is driving increased attention on hydrogen-materials interactions. In particular, a renewed and intensifying interest in developing hydrogen fuel cells has prompted extensive research with the objective to enable the safe design of components for transporting and storing hydrogen fuel. This volume is the proceedings from the premier conference on hydrogen effects in materials, bridging scientific research and engineering applications. The proceedings volume highlights several themes: the technological importance of hydrogen effects on structural materials; the impact of bridging science and engineering; and the opportunity to apply new research tools, including simulation techniques as well as experimental methods.

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies
  • Author : Richard P Gangloff,Brian P Somerday
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-16
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 9780857093899
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Summary : Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 1 is divided into three parts, the first of which provides an overview of the hydrogen embrittlement problem in specific technologies including petrochemical refining, automotive hydrogen tanks, nuclear waste disposal and power systems, and H2 storage and distribution facilities. Part two then examines modern methods of characterization and analysis of hydrogen damage and part three focuses on the hydrogen degradation of various alloy classes With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 1 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Reviews how hydrogen embrittlement affects particular sectors such as the petrochemicals, automotive and nuclear industries Discusses how hydrogen embrittlement can be characterised and its effects on particular alloy classes

Environment - Induced Cracking of Materials

Environment - Induced Cracking of Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :507
  • ISBN : 0080446353
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Summary :

Solutions to Hydrogen Attack in Steels

Solutions to Hydrogen Attack in Steels
  • Author : P. F. Timmins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : UOM:39015040613617
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Summary : This book is designed to help metallurgical, chemical, mechanical and reliability engineers responsible for the safe operation and maintenance of equipment made of steel.

Fouling in Refineries

Fouling in Refineries
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-14
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9780128011454
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Summary : Fouling in Refineries is an important and ongoing problem that directly affects energy efficiency resulting in increased costs, production losses, and even unit shutdown, requiring costly expenditures to clean up equipment and return capacity to positive levels. This text addresses this common challenge for the hydrocarbon processing community within each unit of the refinery. As refineries today face a greater challenge of accepting harder to process heavier crudes and the ongoing flow of the lighter shale oil feedstocks, resulting in bigger challenges to balance product stability within their process equipment, this text seeks to inform all relative refinery personnel on how to monitor fouling, characterize the deposits, and follow all available treatments. With basic modeling and chemistry of fouling and each unit covered, users will learn how to operate at maximum production rates and elongate the efficiency of their refinery’s capacity. Presents an understanding of the breakdown of fouling per refinery unit, including distillation and coking units Provides all the factors, crude types, and refining blends that cause fouling, especially the unconventional feedstocks and high acid crudes used today Helps users develop an analysis-based treatment and control strategy that empowers them to operate refinery equipment at a level that prevents fouling from occurring

Stress Corrosion Cracking

Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Author : V S Raja,Tetsuo Shoji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-22
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780857093769
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Summary : The problem of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), which causes sudden failure of metals and other materials subjected to stress in corrosive environment(s), has a significant impact on a number of sectors including the oil and gas industries and nuclear power production. Stress corrosion cracking reviews the fundamentals of the phenomenon as well as examining stress corrosion behaviour in specific materials and particular industries. The book is divided into four parts. Part one covers the mechanisms of SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, while the focus of part two is on methods of testing for SCC in metals. Chapters in part three each review the phenomenon with reference to a specific material, with a variety of metals, alloys and composites discussed, including steels, titanium alloys and polymer composites. In part four, the effect of SCC in various industries is examined, with chapters covering subjects such as aerospace engineering, nuclear reactors, utilities and pipelines. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Stress corrosion cracking is an essential reference for engineers and designers working with metals, alloys and polymers, and will be an invaluable tool for any industries in which metallic components are exposed to tension, corrosive environments at ambient and high temperatures. Examines the mechanisms of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) presenting recognising testing methods and materials resistant to SCC Assesses the effect of SCC on particular metals featuring steel, stainless steel, nickel-based alloys, magnesium alloys, copper-based alloys and welds in steels Reviews the monitoring and management of SCC and the affect of SCC in different industries such as petrochemical and aerospace

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies
  • Author : A. M. El-Sherik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :926
  • ISBN : 9780081012192
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Summary : Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies: Production and Transmission delivers the most up-to-date and highly multidisciplinary reference available to identify emerging developments, fundamental mechanisms and the technologies necessary in one unified source. Starting with a brief explanation on corrosion management that also addresses today’s most challenging issues for oil and gas production and transmission operations, the book dives into the latest advances in microbiology-influenced corrosion and other corrosion threats, such as stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen damage just to name a few. In addition, it covers testing and monitoring techniques, such as molecular microbiology and online monitoring for surface and subsurface facilities, mitigation tools, including coatings, nano-packaged biocides, modeling and prediction, cathodic protection and new steels and non-metallics. Rounding out with an extensive glossary and list of abbreviations, the book equips upstream and midstream corrosion professionals in the oil and gas industry with the most advanced collection of topics and solutions to responsibly help solve today’s oil and gas corrosion challenges. Covers the latest in corrosion mitigation techniques, such as corrosion inhibitors, biocides, non-metallics, coatings, and modeling and prediction Solves knowledge gaps with the most current technology and discoveries on specific corrosion mechanisms, highlighting where future research and industry efforts should be concentrated Achieves practical and balanced understanding with a full spectrum of subjects presented from multiple academic and world-renowned contributors in the industry

Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering
  • Author : Branko N. Popov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-26
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 9780444627278
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Summary : Corrosion Engineering: Principles and Solved Problems covers corrosion engineering through an extensive theoretical description of the principles of corrosion theory, passivity and corrosion prevention strategies and design of corrosion protection systems. The book is updated with results published in papers and reviews in the last twenty years. Solved corrosion case studies, corrosion analysis and solved corrosion problems in the book are presented to help the reader to understand the corrosion fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics, the mechanism that triggers the corrosion processes at the metal interface and how to control or inhibit the corrosion rates. The book covers the multidisciplinary nature of corrosion engineering through topics from electrochemistry, thermodynamics, mechanical, bioengineering and civil engineering. Addresses the corrosion theory, passivity, material selections and designs Covers extensively the corrosion engineering protection strategies Contains over 500 solved problems, diagrams, case studies and end of chapter problems Could be used as a text in advanced/graduate corrosion courses as well self-study reference for corrosion engineers

Fundamentals of Hydrogen Embrittlement

Fundamentals of Hydrogen Embrittlement
  • Author : Michihiko Nagumo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-27
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : 9789811001611
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Summary : This book is the first comprehensive treatment of hydrogen embrittlement of metallic materials, mainly of steels. The subject is increasingly important with regard to recent requirements for hydrogen energy equipment. Recent progress in revealing the nature of hydrogen embrittlement is remarkable, and this book provides students and researchers engaging in hydrogen problems with a comprehensive view of hydrogen embrittlement covering basic behaviors of hydrogen in materials and their various manifestations in degradation of mechanical properties. Previous studies are critically reviewed and recent advances including new ideas on the mechanism of embrittlement are presented. Emphases are put on experimental facts, but their meanings rather than phenomenological appearance are given particular attention. Experiments are noted on adopted conditions since the operating mechanism of hydrogen might differ by materials and environments. For theories, assumptions and premises employed are noted so as to examine their versatility. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the subject, brief descriptions of fundamental ideas are presented when necessary.

Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control

Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control
  • Author : Zaki Ahmad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-09-18
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780080480336
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Summary : Corrosion is a huge issue for materials, mechanical, civil and petrochemical engineers. With comprehensive coverage of the principles of corrosion engineering, this book is a one-stop text and reference for students and practicing corrosion engineers. Highly illustrated, with worked examples and definitions, it covers basic corrosion principles, and more advanced information for postgraduate students and professionals. Basic principles of electrochemistry and chemical thermodynamics are incorporated to make the book accessible for students and engineers who do not have prior knowledge of this area. Each form of corrosion covered in the book has a definition, description, mechanism, examples and preventative methods. Case histories of failure are cited for each form. End of chapter questions are accompanied by an online solutions manual. * Comprehensively covers the principles of corrosion engineering, methods of corrosion protection and corrosion processes and control in selected engineering environments * Structured for corrosion science and engineering classes at senior undergraduate and graduate level, and is an ideal reference that readers will want to use in their professional work * Worked examples, extensive end of chapter exercises and accompanying online solutions and written by an expert from a key pretochemical university

ASM Handbook

ASM Handbook
  • Author : ASM International. Handbook Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :1164
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106020884265
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Summary : If you are a manufacturing engineer, component designer, a materials failure analyst, or if you have a general interest in the nature and prevention of engineering failures, you will be interested in the new and substantial revision of ASM Handbook, Volume 11, Failure Analysis and Prevention. The new Volume 11, with a focus on the root causes of failure, describes the principles, practices, and analytical techniques of failure analysis, so that root causes are properly identified and corrected for the ultimate objective of failure prevention. The newly reorganized Volume 11 begins with sections on the general engineering aspects of failure prevention, with coverage on fundamental root causes, materials selection, and the role of design reviews in failure prevention and analysis. Additional sections describe failures related to metals manufacturing operations, and the increasingly important role of life assessment methods in failure prevention. This is followed by a series of additional sections on the failure analysis process, as well as the principles, practices, tools, and techniques used to perform and evaluate failure analysis work, and the causes, mechanisms, appearances, and prevention methodology for the four classic types of failure (fracture, corrosion, wear, distortion). Contents include: Engineering Aspects of Failure and Prevention; Manufacturing Aspects of Failure and Prevention; Structural Life Assessment Methods; Principles and Practice of Failure Analysis; Tools and Techniques in Failure Analysis; Fracture; Corrosion Related Failures; Wear Failures; Distortion.

Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing

Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing
  • Author : Louis Raymond
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1974
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435022181234
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Summary :

Corrosion for Everybody

Corrosion for Everybody
  • Author : Alec Groysman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-21
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9048134773
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Summary : People seldom enjoy corrosion. They usually perceive it as a nasty phenomenon with which they must cope. Yet many people, far from the corrosion field, come across it because of their professional duty. Lawyers, historians, doctors, architects, philosophers, artists, and archeologists, to name a few, may want or need to understand the principles of corrosion. This volume explains this important topic in a lucid, interesting, and popular form to everybody: to students and young engineers who are only beginning their studies, to scientists and engineers who have dealt with corrosion for many years, and to non-specialists involved in corrosion problems. The book uses a fresh writing style, with some new explanations relating to thermodynamics of oxidation of iron and mild steels in water, reversible and irreversible potential, solubility of oxygen in water and aqueous solutions of electrolytes, corrosion of metals in fuels, corrosion of storage tanks for fuels and their corrosion control, corrosion monitoring in practice, humanitarian aspects of corrosion science and technology (history of the evolution of knowledge about corrosion, relationships between corrosion and philosophy, corrosion and art). Many practical examples of various corrosion phenomena are given.

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies
  • Author : Richard P Gangloff,Brian P Somerday
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-19
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780857095374
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Summary : Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 2 is divided into three parts, part one looks at the mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals including chapters on the adsorption and trap-sensitive diffusion of hydrogen and its impact on deformation and fracture processes. Part two investigates modern methods of modelling hydrogen damage so as to predict material-cracking properties. The book ends with suggested future directions in science and engineering to manage the hydrogen embrittlement of high-performance metals in energy systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 2 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Chapters review mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement including absorption, diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals Analyses ways of modelling hydrogen-induced damage and assessing service life

Corrosion and Materials Selection

Corrosion and Materials Selection
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-24
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781118869208
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Summary : The petroleum and chemical industries contain a wide variety of corrosive environments, many of which are unique to these industries. Oil and gas production operations consume a tremendous amount of iron and steel pipe, tubing, pumps, valves, and sucker rods. Metallic corrosion is costly. However, the cost of corrosion is not just financial. Beyond the huge direct outlay of funds to repair or replace corroded structures are the indirect costs – natural resources, potential hazards, and lost opportunity. Wasting natural resources is a direct contradiction to the growing need for sustainable development. By selecting the correct material and applying proper corrosion protection methods, these costs can be reduced, or even eliminated. This book provides a minimum design requirement for consideration when designing systems in order to prevent or control corrosion damage safely and economically, and addresses: • Corrosion problems in petroleum and chemical industries • Requirements for corrosion control • Chemical control of corrosive environments • Corrosion inhibitors in refineries and petrochemical plants • Materials selection and service life of materials • Surface preparation, protection and maintainability • Corrosion monitoring - plant inspection techniques and laboratory corrosion testing techniques Intended for engineers and industry personnel working in the petroleum and chemical industries, this book is also a valuable resource for research and development teams, safety engineers, corrosion specialists and researchers in chemical engineering, engineering and materials science.

Bainite in Steels

Bainite in Steels
  • Author : H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-15
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9781351574808
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Summary : This is the third edition of the book, much expanded to include and incorporate important developments in the subject over the last fifteen years. The book represents a comprehensive treatise on all aspects of the bainite transformation, from the choreography of atoms during the phase change to length scales that are typical of engineering applications. The alloy design that emerges from this explains the role of solute additions, and the pernicious effects of impurities such as hydrogen. The picture presented is self-consistent and therefore is able to guide the reader on the exploitation of theory to the design of some of the most exciting steels, including the world’s first bulk nanostructured metal.

Alloying Elements in Steel

Alloying Elements in Steel
  • Author : Edgar Collins Bain,Harold W. Paxton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1966
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924004449504
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Summary :