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Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices

Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices
  • Author : Sindhu sareen,Pradeep Sharma,Charan Singh,Poonam Jasrotia,Gyanendra Pratap Singh,Ashok Kumar Sarial
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-19
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9780128226308
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Summary : Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices is based on the presentations of the 4th International Group Meeting on "Wheat productivity enhancement through climate smart practices," and moves beyond the presentations to provide additional depth and breadth on this important topic. Focused specifically on wheat, and with chapters contributed by globally renowned pioneers in the field of cereal science, the book helps readers understand climate change and its effects on different aspects of wheat production in different parts of the world. This book will be important for those in research and industry seeking to contribute to the effective feeding of the world’s population. Encompasses the possible impact of climate change and future strategies to enhance wheat production on a sustainable basis Explores the genetic manipulation of wheat to mitigate the effects of climate change Includes both biotic and abiotic stresses and their management under changing climate

A thriving agricultural sector in a changing climate

A thriving agricultural sector in a changing climate
  • Author : De Pinto, Alessandro,Ulimwengu, John M.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-25
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9780896292949
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Summary : Given its heavy reliance on rainfed agriculture and projected climatic and weather changes, SSA faces multidimensional challenges in ensuring food and nutrition security as well as preserving its ecosystems. In this regard, climate-smart agriculture (CSA) can play an important role in addressing the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. CSA practices aim to achieve three closely related objectives: sustainably increase agricultural productivity, adapt to climate change, and mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The CSA objectives directly contribute to achieving the 2014 Malabo Declaration goals, which include commitments to (1) end hunger in Africa by 2025, (2) halve poverty by 2025 through inclusive agricultural growth and transformation, and (3) enhance the resilience of livelihoods and production systems to climate variability and other related risks. These linkages underscore the importance of including CSA in country and regional plans to achieve overarching development objectives in Africa, in particular food security and poverty reduction. The 2016 Annual Trends and Outlook Report (ATOR) examines the contribution of CSA to meeting Malabo Declaration goals by taking stock of current knowledge on the effects of climate change, reviewing existing evidence of the effectiveness of various CSA strategies, and discussing examples of CSA-based practices and tools for developing evidence-based policies and programs.

Climate Change and Agricultural Development

Climate Change and Agricultural Development
  • Author : Udaya Sekhar Nagothu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-15
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9781317413684
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Summary : Two of the greatest current challenges are climate change (and variability) and food security. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 will require major efforts aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation. One approach to agriculture has recently been captured by the widely adopted term of "Climate Smart Agriculture" (CSA). This book not only explains what this entails, but also presents practical on-the-ground studies of practices and innovations in agriculture across a broader spectrum, including agroecology and conservation agriculture, in less developed countries. It is shown that CSA is not a completely new science and a number of its recommended technologies have been used for some time by local farmers all over the world. What is relevant and new is ‘the approach’ to exploit their adaptation and mitigation potential. However, a major limitation is the lack of evidence-based knowledge that is necessary for policy makers to prepare strategies for adaptation and mitigation. This book assembles knowledge of CSA, agroecology and conservation agriculture, and perspectives from different regions of the world, to build resilient food systems. The first part analyzes the concept, opportunities and challenges, and provides a global perspective, drawing particularly on studies from Africa and Asia. The second part of the book showcases results from various studies linked to soil, water and crop management measures from an ongoing program in India as well as experiences from other regions. The third section assesses the needs for an enabling policy environment, mainstreaming gender and sime final recommendations for up-scaling and/or out-scaling innovations.

Changing Climate and Resource use Efficiency in Plants

Changing Climate and Resource use Efficiency in Plants
  • Author : Amitav Bhattacharya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-01
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9780128168370
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Summary : Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants reviews the efficiencies for resource use by crop plants under different climatic conditions. This book focuses on the challenges and potential remediation methods for a variety of resource factors. Chapters deal with the effects of different climatic conditions on agriculture, radiation use efficiency under various climatic conditions, the efficiency of water and its impact on harvest production under restricted soil moisture conditions, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency in different environmental conditions under the influence of climate change, and various aspects of improving phosphorus use efficiency. The book provides guidance for researchers engaged in plant science studies, particularly Plant/Crop Physiology, Agronomy, Plant Breeding and Molecular Breeding. In addition, it provides valuable insights for policymakers, administrators, plant-based companies and agribusiness companies. Explores climatic effects on agriculture through radiation, water, nitrogen, and phosphorus-use efficiency Guides the planning and research of, and recommendations for, fertilizer application for different crops under various climatic conditions Discusses efficiency improvements for plant and molecular breeders seeking to maximize resource use

Save and Grow in practice: maize, rice, wheat

Save and Grow in practice: maize, rice, wheat
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-21
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9789251085196
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Summary : FAO’s best-selling 2011 publication, Save and Grow, proposed a new paradigm of agriculture, one that is both highly productive and environmentally sustainable. This new book looks at the application of “Save and Grow” practices and technologies to production of the world’s key food security crops – maize, rice and wheat. With examples drawn from developing countries worldwide, it shows how eco-friendly farming systems are helping smallholder producers to boost cereal yields, improve their incomes and livelihoods, conserve natural resources, reduce negative impacts on the environment, and build resilience to climate change. The book will be a valuable reference for policymakers and development practitioners guiding the transition to sustainable food and agriculture.

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat
  • Author : Munir Ozturk,Alvina Gul
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-03
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128195673
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Summary : Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat is the first book to present the full scope of research in wheat improvement, revealing the correlations to global issues including climate change and global warming which contribute to food security issues. Wheat plays a key role in the health of the global economy. As the world population continuously increases, economies modernize, and incomes rise, wheat production will have to increase dramatically to secure it as a reliable and sustainable food source. Since covering more land area with wheat crops is not a sustainable option, future wheat crops must have consistently higher yields and be able to resist and/or tolerate biotic and abiotic stresses that result from climate change. Addressing the biophysical and socioeconomic constraints of producing high-yielding, disease-resistant, and good quality wheat, this book will aid in research efforts to increase and stabilize wheat production worldwide. Written by an international team of experts, Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat is an excellent resource for academics, researchers, and students interested in wheat and grain research, especially as it is relevant to food security. Covers a wide range of disciplines, including plant breeding, genetics, agronomy, physiology, pathology, quantitative genetics and genomics, biotechnology and gene editing Explores the effect of climate change on biotic stresses (stripe rust, stem rust, leaf rust, Karnal bunt, spot blotch) on wheat production and utilization of biotechnology Focuses on whole genome sequencing and next-generation sequencing technologies to improve wheat quality and address the issue of malnutrition in developing world

Agriculture under Climate Change: Threats, Strategies and Policies

Agriculture under Climate Change: Threats, Strategies and Policies
  • Author : V.V. Belavadi,N. Nataraja Karaba,N.R. Gangadharappa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-13
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 9789385926372
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Summary : Agriculture continues to be an important sector fuelling economic growth. Rapidly changing climate is already affecting the production of food and feed, industrial crops, livestock, and seafood. In developing countries like India, agriculture and allied sectors contribute significantly to the gross domestic product. Therefore, evolving strategies to sustain a stable growth of the farming sector is essential for feeding a growing population and poverty alleviation in the face of global climate change. It is crucial to carry out a comprehensive analysis of different aspects of climate change to effectively combat its negative impacts on food production systems and landscapes and reap its potential benefits in agricultural production. Research findings and recommendations on topics as diverse as climate change impacts, genetic enhancement of crops, options for adaptation to climate change, opportunities and challenges for sustainable food production systems have been compiled in this volume. Capacity building for climate resilient agriculture and agriculture policy and planning is equally important to face future challenges. This book makes a compelling effort to address these major issues arising from climate change from an Indian perspective. The important and often conflicting issues in climate change impacts, adaptations and mitigations strategies are brought in to focus and a critical summary of the state-of-art in climate smart agriculture is presented for teachers, researchers and policy makers engaged with climate change and agriculture in the tropical arid and semi-arid regions of Asia and Africa.

Climate Change and Crop Production

Climate Change and Crop Production
  • Author : Matthew P. Reynolds
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781845936341
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Summary : Trends in population growth suggest that global food production is unlikely to satisfy future demand under predicted climate change scenarios unless rates of crop improvement are accelerated. This book provides an overview of the essential disciplines required for sustainable crop production in unpredictable environments.

Genomic Designing of Climate-Smart Cereal Crops

Genomic Designing of Climate-Smart Cereal Crops
  • Author : Chittaranjan Kole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-28
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : 9783319933818
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Summary : This book highlights modern methods and strategies to improve cereal crops in the era of climate change, presenting the latest advances in plant molecular mapping and genome sequencing. Spectacular achievements in the fields of molecular breeding, transgenics and genomics in the last three decades have facilitated revolutionary changes in cereal- crop-improvement strategies and techniques. Since the genome sequencing of rice in 2002, the genomes of over eight cereal crops have been sequenced and more are to follow. This has made it possible to decipher the exact nucleotide sequence and chromosomal positions of agroeconomic genes. Most importantly, comparative genomics and genotyping-by-sequencing have opened up new vistas for exploring available biodiversity, particularly of wild crop relatives, for identifying useful donor genes.

Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development Goals

Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development Goals
  • Author : Ademola A. Adenle,Marian R. Chertow,Ellen Moors,David J. Pannell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780190949501
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Summary :

Plant Tolerance to Individual and Concurrent Stresses

Plant Tolerance to Individual and Concurrent Stresses
  • Author : Muthappa Senthil-Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-21
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9788132237068
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Summary : This book focuses on multiple plant stresses and the molecular basis of adaptation, addressing the molecular mechanism and adaptation for both abiotic and biotic stresses. Ensuring the yield of crop plants grown under multiple individual and/or combined stresses is essential to sustaining productivity. In this regard, the development of broad-spectrum stress-tolerant plants is important. However, to date information has largely been compiled only on the individual stress tolerance mechanisms, and the mechanisms behind plants’ tolerance to two or more individual or simultaneous stresses are not fully understood. Especially combinatorial stress, a new stress altogether, has only recently been made the object of systematic study. Now several research groups around the world have begun exploring the concurrent stress tolerance mechanisms under both biotic and abiotic stress combinations. This book presents contributions from various experts, highlighting the findings of their multiple individual and concurrent stress tolerance dissection studies.

Promoting climate-smart farming in sub-Saharan Africa

Promoting climate-smart farming in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Author : Pye-Smith, Charlie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :24
  • ISBN : 9789290816461
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Summary : Climate-smart agricultural innovations and policies are helping farmers to increase their resilience in the face of more frequent and adverse weather variabilities. As this booklet shows, projects supported by CTA in Eastern and Southern Africa are assisting pastoralists and smallholder farmers adapt to climate change by adopting a number of important measures. Access to accurate, geo-referenced weather information and agronomic tips is leading to better decision-making. The planting of drought-tolerant varieties of staple crops is increasing yields and incomes. Index-based insurance is helping farmers to survive droughts and other weather shocks. These projects show that climate-smart strategies can raise agricultural production and improve living standards.

Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture

Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture
  • Author : Rattan Lal,David Kraybill,David O. Hansen,Bal Ram Singh,Theodosy Mosogoya,Lars Olav Eik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-23
  • Total pages :717
  • ISBN : 9783319412382
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Summary : This 35-chapter book is based on several oral and poster presentations including both invited and contributory chapters. The book is thematically based on four pillars of sustainability, with focus on sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Environment, Economic, Social and Institutional. The environmental sustainability, which determines economic and social/institutional sustainability, refers to the rate of use of natural resources (soil, water, landscape, vegetation) which can be continued indefinitely without degrading their quality, productivity and ecosystem services for different ecoregions of SSA. This book will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of the U.N. in SSA. Therefore, the book is of interest to agriculturalists, economists, social scientists, policy makers, extension agents, and development/bilateral organizations. Basic principles explained in the book can be pertinent to all development organizations.

Mitigating Land Degradation and Improving Livelihoods

Mitigating Land Degradation and Improving Livelihoods
  • Author : Feras Ziadat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-16
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9781317624127
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Summary : The research presented in this book demonstrates how an integrated ‘systems’ approach to farming in the watershed context increases the effectiveness of a production system and improves people’s livelihoods. It takes an integrated approach, using one watershed in Ethiopia as a ‘laboratory’ or model case study to focus on the interaction and interdependence between land, water, crops, soil, water harvesting, supplemental irrigation, forestry, socio-economic aspects, livestock and farm tools. A range of linked studies was conducted with active participation of the farming community and other relevant stakeholders, such as the local offices of agriculture and extension services. The starting point for the work was the premise that previous efforts to solve farming system constraints using a piecemeal approach or discipline-specific focus have not been successful. Thus, addressing agricultural and environmental constraints through a holistic approach enables the generation of comprehensive technologies to sustainably improve the natural resource base and livelihoods of communities. The authors discuss trade-offs and resource allocation, demonstrating how the environment can be protected while also improving productivity. A unique feature is the methodology developed for the selection of suitable fields and farmers to implement new approaches or improved technologies, to achieve production increases while reducing degradation of sensitive agro-ecosystems. It is also shown how the watershed scale is a valuable basis for assessing the protection of fragile lands.

Theory and Practice of Climate Adaptation

Theory and Practice of Climate Adaptation
  • Author : Fátima Alves,Walter Leal Filho,Ulisses Azeiteiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-24
  • Total pages :589
  • ISBN : 9783319728742
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Summary : Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. As such, both the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the 25th Conference of the Parties (COP 25) recommendations call for action not only from government, but also from various stakeholders. Apart from the knowledge offered by modeling and forecasts, which allows the readers to understand the problem and how it is likely to develop in the future, the book highlights approaches, methods and tools that can help readers cope with the social, economic and political problems posed by climate change. In other words, the book’s goal is to accelerate developments in the field of climate change adaptation. This book gathers papers presented at the “2nd World Symposium on Climate Change Adaptation”, a joint initiative by the University of Coimbra (Portugal), the Research and Transfer Centre “Sustainable Development and Climate Change Management” at Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (Germany), and the International Climate Change Information Programme (ICCIP). The book is truly interdisciplinary, covering various key areas in the field of climate change adaptation. Its focus is on “integrative approaches to implementing climate change adaptation”, and is expected to contribute to the further development of this fast-growing field.

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations for 2016

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations for 2016
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105050687412
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Summary :

Agronomic Rice Practices and Postharvest Processing

Agronomic Rice Practices and Postharvest Processing
  • Author : Deepak Kumar Verma,Prem Prakash Srivastav,Altafhusain B. Nadaf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-07
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780429949333
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Summary : This volume addresses three important agricultural aspects of rice: physical characteristics, physico-chemical characteristics, and the organoleptic aspects. Divided into sections, the book first examines recent trends and advances for higher production and quality improvement, focusing on the effects of climate on rice cultivation and climate-resilient agricultural practices in rice. The volume goes on to cover nutrient management for rice production and quality improvement. Chapters also address weed management and postharvest processing practices for improved rice production. With chapters from renowned scientists, researchers, and professors, this book will be a useful reference for rice researchers working in the area of agronomic practices, postharvest processing, and quality improvement in rice.

Handbook of African Educational Theories and Practices: A Generative Teacher Education Curriculum

Handbook of African Educational Theories and Practices: A Generative Teacher Education Curriculum
  • Author : A. Bame Nsamenang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :563
  • ISBN : 9789956444649
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Adapting to Climate Uncertainty in African Agriculture

Adapting to Climate Uncertainty in African Agriculture
  • Author : Stephen Whitfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-20
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9781317534730
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Summary : Future climatic and agro-ecological changes in Africa are uncertain and associated with high degrees of spatial and temporal variability and this change is differently simulated within divergent climate-crop models and in controlled crop breeding stations. Furthermore, uncertainty emerges in local contexts, not just in response to climatic systems, but to social, economic, and political systems, and often with implications for the appropriateness and adoption of technologies or the success of alternative cropping systems. This book examines the challenges of adaptation in smallholder farming in Africa, analysing the social, economic, political and climatic uncertainties that impact on agriculture in the region and the range of solutions proposed. Drawing on case studies of genetically modified crops, conservation agriculture, and other 'climate smart' solutions in eastern and southern Africa, the book identifies how uncertainties are framed 'from above' as well experienced 'from below', by farmers themselves. It provides a compelling insight into why ideas about adaptation emerge, from whom, and with what implications. This book offers a unique perspective and will be highly relevant to students of climate change adaptation, food security and poverty alleviation, as well as policy-makers and field practitioners in international development and agronomy.

Improving the Profitability, Sustainability and Efficiency of Nutrients Through Site Specific Fertilizer Recommendations in West Africa Agro-Ecosystems

Improving the Profitability, Sustainability and Efficiency of Nutrients Through Site Specific Fertilizer Recommendations in West Africa Agro-Ecosystems
  • Author : Andre Bationo,Djimasbé Ngaradoum,Sansan Youl,Francois Lompo,Joseph Opoku Fening
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-03
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : 9783319587929
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Summary : As part of its efforts to improve fertilizer use and efficiency in West Africa, and following the recent adoption of the West African fertilizer recommendation action plan (RAP) by ECOWAS, this volume focuses on IFDC's technical lead with key partner institutions and experts to build on previous and current fertilizer recommendations for various crops and countries in West Africa for wider uptake by public policy makers and fertilizer industry actors.

Atlas of Global Development

Atlas of Global Development
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9780821376041
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Summary :