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Income Distribution in Historical Perspective

Income Distribution in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Yehojachin Simon Brenner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-10-03
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 0521356474
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Summary : In this volume a distinguished team of international contributors consider some of the central long-term issues raised by the problem of income distribution. The Kuznets curve--i.e. the notion that income distribution became increasingly unequal during the period of industrialization, and progressively less unequal during the twentieth century--lies at the center of much of the analysis, and its relevance is discussed in a wide-ranging series of articles covering the British, Belgian, German, Australian, Austrian and American experiences. This volume is the first in many years to take such a broad, comparative approach to income distribution, and makes an important and authoritative contribution to an area of perennial debate.

Income and Wealth Distribution in Historical Perspective

Income and Wealth Distribution in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0745004792
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Summary :

Unveiling Inequality

Unveiling Inequality
  • Author : Roberto Patricio Korzeniewicz,Timothy Patrick Moran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-25
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781610446587
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Summary : Despite the vast expansion of global markets during the last half of the twentieth century, social science still most often examines and measures inequality and social mobility within individual nations rather than across national boundaries. Every country has both rich and poor populations making demands—via institutions, political processes, or even conflict—on how their resources will be distributed. But shifts in inequality in one country can precipitate accompanying shifts in another. Unveiling Inequality authors Roberto Patricio Korzeniewicz and Timothy Patrick Moran make the case that within-country analyses alone have not adequately illuminated our understanding of global stratification. The authors present a comprehensive new framework that moves beyond national boundaries to analyze economic inequality and social mobility on a global scale and from a historical perspective. Assembling data on patterns of inequality in more than ninety-six countries, Unveiling Inequality reframes the relationship between globalization and inequality within and between nations. Korzeniewicz and Moran first examine two different historical patterns—“High Inequality Equilibrium” and “Low Inequality Equilibrium”—and question whether increasing equality, democracy, and economic growth are inextricably linked as nations modernize. Inequality is best understood as a complex set of relational interactions that unfold globally over time. So the same institutional mechanisms that have historically reduced inequality within some nations have also often accentuated the selective exclusion of populations from poorer countries and enhanced high inequality equilibrium between nations. National identity and citizenship are the fundamental contemporary bases of stratification and inequality in the world, the authors conclude. Drawing on these insights, the book recasts patterns of mobility within global stratification. The authors detail the three principal paths available for social mobility from a global perspective: within-country mobility, mobility through national economic growth, and mobility through migration. Korzeniewicz and Moran provide strong evidence that the nation where we are born is the single greatest deter-mining factor of how we will live. Too much sociological literature on inequality focuses on the plight of “have-nots” in wealthy nations who have more opportunity for social mobility than even the average individual in nations perennially at the bottom of the wealth distribution scale. Unveiling Inequality represents a major paradigm shift in thinking about social inequality and a clarion call to reorient discussions of economic justice in world-historical global terms.

Advancing Development

Advancing Development
  • Author : G. Mavrotas,A. Shorrocks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-05
  • Total pages :803
  • ISBN : 9780230801462
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Summary : This book reflects on current thinking in development economics and on what may happen over the next two decades. As well as studying development economics in retrospect, the volume explores the current debates and challenges and looks forward at the problems that affect the global capacity to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

Handbook of Income Distribution

Handbook of Income Distribution
  • Author : Anthony B. Atkinson,Francois Bourguignon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-30
  • Total pages :2366
  • ISBN : 9780444594761
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Summary : What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance

Globalization in Historical Perspective

Globalization in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Michael D. Bordo,Alan M. Taylor,Jeffrey G. Williamson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-01
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 0226065995
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Summary : As awareness of the process of globalization grows and the study of its effects becomes increasingly important to governments and businesses (as well as to a sizable opposition), the need for historical understanding also increases. Despite the importance of the topic, few attempts have been made to present a long-term economic analysis of the phenomenon, one that frames the issue by examining its place in the long history of international integration. This volume collects eleven papers doing exactly that and more. The first group of essays explores how the process of globalization can be measured in terms of the long-term integration of different markets-from the markets for goods and commodities to those for labor and capital, and from the sixteenth century to the present. The second set of contributions places this knowledge in a wider context, examining some of the trends and questions that have emerged as markets converge and diverge: the roles of technology and geography are both considered, along with the controversial issues of globalization's effects on inequality and social justice and the roles of political institutions in responding to them. The final group of essays addresses the international financial systems that play such a large part in guiding the process of globalization, considering the influence of exchange rate regimes, financial development, financial crises, and the architecture of the international financial system itself. This volume reveals a much larger picture of the process of globalization, one that stretches from the establishment of a global economic system during the nineteenth century through the disruptions of two world wars and the Great Depression into the present day. The keen analysis, insight, and wisdom in this volume will have something to offer a wide range of readers interested in this important issue.

Public Choice Analysis in Historical Perspective

Public Choice Analysis in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Alan Peacock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-07-24
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 0521599768
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Summary : Investigates the relevance of the history of economic thought to public finance economics.

The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

The Economic Future in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Paul A. David,Mark Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-23
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 019726347X
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Summary : In this volume, leading modern economic historians show how analysis of past experiences contributes to a better understanding of present-day economic conditions; they offer important insights into major challenges that will occupy the attention of policy makers in the coming decades. The seventeen essays are organised around three major themes, the first of which is the changing constellation of forces sustaining long-run economic growth in market economies. The second major theme concerns the contemporary challenges posed by transitions in economic and political regimes, and by ideologies that represent legacies from past economic conditions that still affect policy responses to new 'crises'. The third theme is modern economic growth's diverse implications for human economic welfare - in terms of economic security, nutritional and health status, and old age support - and the institutional mechanisms communities have developed to cope with the risks that individuals are exposed to by the concomitants of rising prosperity.

Ten Thousand Years of Inequality

Ten Thousand Years of Inequality
  • Author : Timothy A. Kohler,Michael E. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-17
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780816537747
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Summary : "Field-defining research that will set the standard for understanding inequality in archaeological contexts"--Provided by publisher.

Top Incomes

Top Incomes
  • Author : A. B. Atkinson,Thomas Piketty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-01
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 9780199286898
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Summary : This volume brings together an exciting range of new studies of top incomes in a wide range of countries from around the world. The studies use data from income tax records to cast light on the dramatic changes that have taken place at the top of the income distribution. The results cover 22 countries and have a long time span, going back to 1875.

Inequality in Latin America[

Inequality in Latin America[
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Time and Space

Time and Space
  • Author : Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat,Marc Badia-Miró,Henry Willebald
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-07
  • Total pages :407
  • ISBN : 9783030475536
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Summary : This edited collection examines the evolution of regional inequality in Latin America in the long run. The authors support the hypothesis that the current regional disparities are principally the result of a long and complex process in which historical, geographical, economic, institutional, and political factors have all worked together. Lessons from the past can aid current debates on regional inequalities, territorial cohesion, and public policies in developing and also developed countries. In contrast with European countries, Latin American economies largely specialized in commodity exports, showed high levels of urbanization and high transports costs (both domestic and international). This new research provides a new perspective on the economic history of Latin American regions and offers new insights on how such forces interact in peripheral countries. In that sense, natural resources, differences in climatic conditions, industrial backwardness and low population density areas leads us to a new set of questions and tentative answers. This book brings together a group of leading American and European economic historians in order to build a new set of data on historical regional GDPs for nine Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. This transnational perspective on Latin American economic development process is of interest to researchers, students and policy makers.

The American Business Elite in Historical Perspective

The American Business Elite in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Peter Temin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :47
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105029074858
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Summary : Abstract: This paper replicates a classic study of the American business elite. The older study done a half-century ago, reported the composition of business leaders a century ago. I have" drawn a sample of business leaders today to discover how much the composition of the" American business elite has changed. As in the earlier study, the business elite is compared to a" sample of political leaders. I find that democratization of the business elite has progressed only" slightly in the past century, nowhere near as much as democratization of the political elite." Despite the myriad things that have changed in America in the last century the business elite appears recognizably the same.

Economic Inequality and Income Distribution

Economic Inequality and Income Distribution
  • Author : D. G. Champernowne,F. A. Cowell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :405
  • ISBN : 0521589592
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Summary : This book is about the way to measure, to account for and to modify the economic inequalities in developed economies.

World Social Report 2020

World Social Report 2020
  • Author : Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-14
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9789210043670
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Summary : This report examines the links between inequality and other major global trends (or megatrends), with a focus on technological change, climate change, urbanization and international migration. The analysis pays particular attention to poverty and labour market trends, as they mediate the distributional impacts of the major trends selected. It also provides policy recommendations to manage these megatrends in an equitable manner and considers the policy implications, so as to reduce inequalities and support their implementation.

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Capital in the Twenty-First Century
  • Author : Thomas Piketty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-14
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780674979857
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Summary : The main driver of inequality—returns on capital that exceed the rate of economic growth—is again threatening to generate extreme discontent and undermine democratic values. Thomas Piketty’s findings in this ambitious, original, rigorous work will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about wealth and inequality.

Historical Perspectives

Historical Perspectives
  • Author : John Harold Plumb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1974
  • Total pages :319
  • ISBN : UOM:39015005753085
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Summary : Pachen, a leader of the resistance during the Chinese invasion of Tibet, and was held as a prisoner for 21 years before her release in 1981.

Inequality and Instability

Inequality and Instability
  • Author : James K. Galbraith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-02
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780199930869
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Summary : As Wall Street rose to dominate the U.S. economy, income and pay inequalities in America came to dance to the tune of the credit cycle. As the reach of financial markets extended across the globe, interest rates, debt, and debt crises became the dominant forces driving the rise of economic inequality almost everywhere. Thus the "super-bubble" that investor George Soros identified in rich countries for the two decades after 1980 was a super-crisis for the 99 percent-not just in the U.S. but the entire world. Inequality and Instability demonstrates that finance is the driveshaft that links inequality to economic instability. The book challenges those, mainly on the right, who see mysterious forces of technology behind rising inequality. And it also challenges those, mainly on the left, who have placed the blame narrowly on trade and outsourcing. Inequality and Instability presents straightforward evidence that the rise of inequality mirrors the stock market in the U.S. and the rise of finance and of free-market policies elsewhere. Starting from the premise that fresh argument requires fresh evidence, James K. Galbraith brings new data to bear as never before, presenting information built up over fifteen years in easily understood charts and tables. By measuring inequality at the right geographic scale, Galbraith shows that more equal societies systematically enjoy lower unemployment. He shows how this plays out inside Europe, between Europe and the United States, and in modern China. He explains that the dramatic rise of inequality in the U.S. in the 1990s reflected a finance-driven technology boom that concentrated incomes in just five counties, very remote from the experience of most Americans-which helps explain why the political reaction was so slow to come. That the reaction is occurring now, however, is beyond doubt. In the aftermath of the Great Financial Crisis, inequality has become, in America and the world over, the central issue. A landmark work of research and original insight, Inequality and Instability will change forever the way we understand this pivotal topic.

The Great Leveler

The Great Leveler
  • Author : Walter Scheidel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-18
  • Total pages :525
  • ISBN : 9780691184319
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Summary : Are mass violence and catastrophes the only forces that can seriously decrease economic inequality? To judge by thousands of years of history, the answer is yes. Tracing the global history of inequality from the Stone Age to today, Walter Scheidel shows that it never dies peacefully. The Great Leveler is the first book to chart the crucial role of violent shocks in reducing inequality over the full sweep of human history around the world. The “Four Horsemen” of leveling—mass-mobilization warfare, transformative revolutions, state collapse, and catastrophic plagues—have repeatedly destroyed the fortunes of the rich. Today, the violence that reduced inequality in the past seems to have diminished, and that is a good thing. But it casts serious doubt on the prospects for a more equal future. An essential contribution to the debate about inequality, The Great Leveler provides important new insights about why inequality is so persistent—and why it is unlikely to decline anytime soon.

Handbook of Cliometrics

Handbook of Cliometrics
  • Author : Claude Diebolt,Michael Haupert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-30
  • Total pages :1768
  • ISBN : 3030001806
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Summary : The Handbook of Cliometrics is a milestone in the field of historical economics and econometric history through its emphasis on the concrete contribution of cliometrics to our knowledge in economics and history. The articles in the handbook authored by the leading scholars in the fields, stress the usefulness of cliometrics for economists, historians and social scientists in general. The Handbook offers a comprehensive coverage of topics with each article providing an overview of the contributions of cliometrics to a particular topic. The Handbook has set a new standard of quality in the field by offering a world-wide forum of discussion in cliometrics. The second edition of the Handbook offers a substantially enlarged collection of articles and thus stresses its unique position as authoritative reference work in this field.

Global Income Inequality

Global Income Inequality
  • Author : Branko Milanovi?
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :35
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary : "The paper presents a nontechnical summary of the current state of debate on the measurement and implications of global inequality (inequality between citizens of the world). It discusses the relationship between globalization and global inequality. And it shows why global inequality matters and proposes a scheme for global redistribution. "--World Bank web site.