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Indoor Navigation Strategies for Aerial Autonomous Systems

Indoor Navigation Strategies for Aerial Autonomous Systems
  • Author : Pedro Castillo-Garcia,Laura Elena Munoz Hernandez,Pedro Garcia Gil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-10
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128053393
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Summary : Indoor Navigation Strategies for Aerial Autonomous Systems presents the necessary and sufficient theoretical basis for those interested in working in unmanned aerial vehicles, providing three different approaches to mathematically represent the dynamics of an aerial vehicle. The book contains detailed information on fusion inertial measurements for orientation stabilization and its validation in flight tests, also proposing substantial theoretical and practical validation for improving the dropped or noised signals. In addition, the book contains different strategies to control and navigate aerial systems. The comprehensive information will be of interest to both researchers and practitioners working in automatic control, mechatronics, robotics, and UAVs, helping them improve research and motivating them to build a test-bed for future projects. Provides substantial information on nonlinear control approaches and their validation in flight tests Details in observer-delay schemes that can be applied in real-time Teaches how an IMU is built and how they can improve the performance of their system when applying observers or predictors Improves prototypes with tactics for proposed nonlinear schemes

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 13

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 13
  • Author : Emanuele Menegatti,Nathan Michael,Karsten Berns,Hiroaki Yamaguchi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-03
  • Total pages :1719
  • ISBN : 9783319083384
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Summary : This book describes the latest research accomplishments, innovations, and visions in the field of robotics as presented at the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS), held in Padua in July 2014, by leading researchers, engineers, and practitioners from across the world. The contents amply confirm that robots, machines, and systems are rapidly achieving intelligence and autonomy, mastering more and more capabilities such as mobility and manipulation, sensing and perception, reasoning, and decision making. A wide range of research results and applications are covered, and particular attention is paid to the emerging role of autonomous robots and intelligent systems in industrial production, which reflects their maturity and robustness. The contributions have been selected through a rigorous peer-review process and contain many exciting and visionary ideas that will further galvanize the research community, spurring novel research directions. The series of biennial IAS conferences commenced in 1986 and represents a premiere event in robotics.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Author : Rogelio Lozano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-04
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781118599860
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Summary : This book presents the basic tools required to obtain the dynamical models for aerial vehicles (in the Newtonian or Lagrangian approach). Several control laws are presented for mini-helicopters, quadrotors, mini-blimps, flapping-wing aerial vehicles, planes, etc. Finally, this book has two chapters devoted to embedded control systems and Kalman filters applied for aerial vehicles control and navigation. This book presents the state of the art in the area of UAVs. The aerodynamical models of different configurations are presented in detail as well as the control strategies which are validated in experimental platforms.

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems
  • Author : Kaspar Althoefer,Jelizaveta Konstantinova,Ketao Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-28
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9783030238070
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Summary : The two volumes LNAI 11649 and LNAI 11650 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference "Towards Autonomous Robotics", TAROS 2019, held in London, UK, in July 2019. The 74 full papers and 12 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 101 submissions. The papers present and discuss significant findings and advances in autonomous robotics research and applications. They are organized in the following topical sections: robotic grippers and manipulation; soft robotics, sensing and mobile robots; robotic learning, mapping and planning; human-robot interaction; and robotic systems and applications.

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems
  • Author : Lyuba Alboul,Dana Damian,Jonathan M. Aitken
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-24
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9783319403793
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference on Towards Autonomous Robotics, TAROS 2016, held in Sheffield UK, in June/July 2016. The 23 revised full papers presented together with 15 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 56 submissions. The overall program covers various aspects of robotics, including navigation, planning, sensing and perception, flying and swarm robots, ethics, humanoid robotics, human-robot interaction, and social robotics.

Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems

Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems
  • Author : Jan Mazal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-06
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9783319760728
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Summary : This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems, MESAS 2017, held in Rome, Italy, , in October 2017. The 33 revised full papers included in the volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. They are organized in the following topical sections: M&S of Intelligent Systems – AI, R&D and Applications; Autonomous Systems in Context of Future Warfare and Security – Concepts, Applications, Standards and Legislation; Future Challenges and Opportunities of Advanced M&S Technology.

Multi-rotor Platform Based UAV Systems

Multi-rotor Platform Based UAV Systems
  • Author : Franck Cazaurang,Kelly Cohen,Manish Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-28
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780081023587
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Summary : Multi-rotor Platform Based UAV Systems provides an excellent opportunity for experiential learning, capability augmentation and confidence-building for senior level undergraduates, entry-level graduates, engineers working in government agencies, and industry involved in UAV R&D. Topics in this book include an introduction to VTOL multi-copter UAV platforms, UAV system architecture, integration in the national airspace, including UAV classification and associated missions, regulation and safety, certification and air traffic management, integrated mission planning, including autonomous fault tolerant path planning and vision based auto landing systems, flight mechanics and stability, dynamic modeling and flight controller development. Other topics covered include sense, detect and avoid systems, flight testing, including safety assessment instrumentation and data acquisition telemetry, synchronization data fusion, the geo-location of identified targets, and much more. Provides an excellent opportunity for experiential learning, capability augmentation and confidence building for senior level undergraduates, entry-level graduates and engineers working in government, and industry involved in UAV R&D Includes MATLAB/SIMULINK computational tools and off-the-shelf hardware implementation tutorials Offers a student centered approach Provides a quick and efficient means to conceptualize, design, synthesize and analyze using modeling and simulations Offers international perspective and appeal for engineering students and professionals

Quad Rotorcraft Control

Quad Rotorcraft Control
  • Author : Luis Rodolfo García Carrillo,Alejandro Enrique Dzul López,Rogelio Lozano,Claude Pégard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-09
  • Total pages :179
  • ISBN : 1447143981
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Summary : Quad Rotorcraft Control develops original control methods for the navigation and hovering flight of an autonomous mini-quad-rotor robotic helicopter. These methods use an imaging system and a combination of inertial and altitude sensors to localize and guide the movement of the unmanned aerial vehicle relative to its immediate environment. The history, classification and applications of UAVs are introduced, followed by a description of modelling techniques for quad-rotors and the experimental platform itself. A control strategy for the improvement of attitude stabilization in quad-rotors is then proposed and tested in real-time experiments. The strategy, based on the use low-cost components and with experimentally-established robustness, avoids drift in the UAV’s angular position by the addition of an internal control loop to each electronic speed controller ensuring that, during hovering flight, all four motors turn at almost the same speed. The quad-rotor’s Euler angles being very close to the origin, other sensors like GPS or image-sensing equipment can be incorporated to perform autonomous positioning or trajectory-tracking tasks. Two vision-based strategies, each designed to deal with a specific kind of mission, are introduced and separately tested. The first stabilizes the quad-rotor over a landing pad on the ground; it extracts the 3-dimensional position using homography estimation and derives translational velocity by optical flow calculation. The second combines colour-extraction and line-detection algorithms to control the quad-rotor’s 3-dimensional position and achieves forward velocity regulation during a road-following task. In order to estimate the translational-dynamical characteristics of the quad-rotor (relative position and translational velocity) as they evolve within a building or other unstructured, GPS-deprived environment, imaging, inertial and altitude sensors are combined in a state observer. The text give the reader a current view of the problems encountered in UAV control, specifically those relating to quad-rotor flying machines and it will interest researchers and graduate students working in that field. The vision-based control strategies presented help the reader to a better understanding of how an imaging system can be used to obtain the information required for performance of the hovering and navigation tasks ubiquitous in rotored UAV operation.

Drones in Smart-Cities

Drones in Smart-Cities
  • Author : Fadi Al-Turjman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-04
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9780128204306
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Summary : Drones in Smart-Cities: Security and Performance is the first book dedicated to drones in smart cities, helping address the many research challenges in bringing UAVs into practice. The book incorporates insights from the latest research in Internet of Things, big data, and cloud computing, 5G, and other communication technologies. It examines the design and implementation of UAV, focusing on data delivery, performability, and security. Intended for researchers, engineers, and practitioners, Drones in Smart-Cities: Security and Performance combines the technical aspects with academic theory to help implement the smart city vision around the globe. Addresses UAV and IoT for smart cities applications Examines topics as UAV safety, challenges, localization methods. QoS, simulation tools, and more Collect the relevant knowledge in one resource, saving research time and effort

Flying Insects and Robots

Flying Insects and Robots
  • Author : Dario Floreano,Jean-Christophe Zufferey,Mandyam V. Srinivasan,Charlie Ellington
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-23
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 3540893938
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Summary : Flying insects are intelligent micromachines capable of exquisite maneuvers in unpredictable environments. Understanding these systems advances our knowledge of flight control, sensor suites, and unsteady aerodynamics, which is of crucial interest to engineers developing intelligent flying robots or micro air vehicles (MAVs). The insights we gain when synthesizing bioinspired systems can in turn benefit the fields of neurophysiology, ethology and zoology by providing real-life tests of the proposed models. This book was written by biologists and engineers leading the research in this crossdisciplinary field. It examines all aspects of the mechanics, technology and intelligence of insects and insectoids. After introductory-level overviews of flight control in insects, dedicated chapters focus on the development of autonomous flying systems using biological principles to sense their surroundings and autonomously navigate. A significant part of the book is dedicated to the mechanics and control of flapping wings both in insects and artificial systems. Finally hybrid locomotion, energy harvesting and manufacturing of small flying robots are covered. A particular feature of the book is the depth on realization topics such as control engineering, electronics, mechanics, optics, robotics and manufacturing. This book will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers engaged with theory and engineering in the domains of aerial robotics, artificial intelligence, and entomology.

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 15

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 15
  • Author : Marcus Strand,Rüdiger Dillmann,Emanuele Menegatti,Stefano Ghidoni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-31
  • Total pages :985
  • ISBN : 9783030013707
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Summary : This book presents the latest advances and research achievements in the fields of autonomous robots and intelligent systems, presented at the IAS-15 conference, held in Baden-Baden, Germany, in June 2018. It brings together contributions from researchers, engineers and practitioners from all over the world on the main trends of robotics: navigation, path planning, robot vision, human detection, and robot design – as well as a wide range of applications. This installment of the conference reflects the rise of machine learning and deep learning in the robotics field, as employed in a variety of applications and systems. All contributions were selected using a rigorous peer-review process to ensure their scientific quality. The series of biennial IAS conferences was started in 1986: since then, it has become an essential venue for the robotics community.

Advances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Advances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Author : Kimon P. Valavanis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-26
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 1402061145
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Summary : The past decade has seen tremendous interest in the production and refinement of unmanned aerial vehicles, both fixed-wing, such as airplanes and rotary-wing, such as helicopters and vertical takeoff and landing vehicles. This book provides a diversified survey of research and development on small and miniature unmanned aerial vehicles of both fixed and rotary wing designs. From historical background to proposed new applications, this is the most comprehensive reference yet.

Aerial Manipulation

Aerial Manipulation
  • Author : Matko Orsag,Christopher Korpela,Paul Oh,Stjepan Bogdan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-19
  • Total pages :235
  • ISBN : 9783319610221
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Summary : This text is a thorough treatment of the rapidly growing area of aerial manipulation. It details all the design steps required for the modeling and control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) equipped with robotic manipulators. Starting with the physical basics of rigid-body kinematics, the book gives an in-depth presentation of local and global coordinates, together with the representation of orientation and motion in fixed- and moving-coordinate systems. Coverage of the kinematics and dynamics of unmanned aerial vehicles is developed in a succession of popular UAV configurations for multirotor systems. Such an arrangement, supported by frequent examples and end-of-chapter exercises, leads the reader from simple to more complex UAV configurations. Propulsion-system aerodynamics, essential in UAV design, is analyzed through blade-element and momentum theories, analysis which is followed by a description of drag and ground-aerodynamic effects. The central part of the book is dedicated to aerial-manipulator kinematics, dynamics, and control. Based on foundations laid in the opening chapters, this portion of the book is a structured presentation of Newton–Euler dynamic modeling that results in forward and backward equations in both fixed- and moving-coordinate systems. The Lagrange–Euler approach is applied to expand the model further, providing formalisms to model the variable moment of inertia later used to analyze the dynamics of aerial manipulators in contact with the environment. Using knowledge from sensor data, insights are presented into the ways in which linear, robust, and adaptive control techniques can be applied in aerial manipulation so as to tackle the real-world problems faced by scholars and engineers in the design and implementation of aerial robotics systems. The book is completed by path and trajectory planning with vision-based examples for tracking and manipulation.

Applications of Intelligent Control to Engineering Systems

Applications of Intelligent Control to Engineering Systems
  • Author : Kimon P. Valavanis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-12
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9789048130177
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Summary : This book reflects the work of top scientists in the field of intelligent control and its applications, prognostics, diagnostics, condition based maintenance and unmanned systems. It includes results, and presents how theory is applied to solve real problems.

Autonomous Control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Autonomous Control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Author : Victor Becerra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-24
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9783039210305
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Summary : Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being increasingly used in different applications in both military and civilian domains. These applications include surveillance, reconnaissance, remote sensing, target acquisition, border patrol, infrastructure monitoring, aerial imaging, industrial inspection, and emergency medical aid. Vehicles that can be considered autonomous must be able to make decisions and react to events without direct intervention by humans. Although some UAVs are able to perform increasingly complex autonomous manoeuvres, most UAVs are not fully autonomous; instead, they are mostly operated remotely by humans. To make UAVs fully autonomous, many technological and algorithmic developments are still required. For instance, UAVs will need to improve their sensing of obstacles and subsequent avoidance. This becomes particularly important as autonomous UAVs start to operate in civilian airspaces that are occupied by other aircraft. The aim of this volume is to bring together the work of leading researchers and practitioners in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles with a common interest in their autonomy. The contributions that are part of this volume present key challenges associated with the autonomous control of unmanned aerial vehicles, and propose solution methodologies to address such challenges, analyse the proposed methodologies, and evaluate their performance.

Bio-inspired Flying Robots

Bio-inspired Flying Robots
  • Author : Jean-Christophe Zufferey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-24
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 1439808112
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Summary : This book demonstrates how bio-inspiration can lead to fully autonomous flying robots without relying on external aids. Most existing aerial robots fly in open skies, far from obstacles, and rely on external beacons, mainly GPS, to localise and navigate. However, these robots are not able to fly at low altitude or in confined environments, and yet this poses absolutely no difficulty to insects. Indeed, flying insects display efficient flight control capabilities in complex environments despite their limited weight and relatively tiny brain size. From sensor suite to control strategies, the literature on flying insects is reviewed from an engineering perspective in order to extract useful principles that are then applied to the synthesis of artificial indoor flyers. Artificial evolution is also utilised to search for alternative control systems and behaviors that match the constraints of small flying robots. Specifically, the basic sensory modalities of insects, vision, gyroscopes and airflow sense, are applied to develop navigation controllers for indoor flying robots. These robots are capable of mapping sensor information onto actuator commands in real time to maintain altitude, stabilize the course and avoid obstacles. The most prominent result of this novel approach is a 10-gram microflyer capable of fully autonomous operation in an office-sized room using fly-inspired vision, inertial and airspeed sensors. This book is intended for all those interested in autonomous robotics, in academia and industry.

Proceedings

Proceedings
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 0818671904
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Summary :

UAV Communications for 5G and Beyond

UAV Communications for 5G and Beyond
  • Author : Yong Zeng,Ismail Guvenc,Rui Zhang,Giovanni Geraci,David W. Matolak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-14
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781119575696
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Summary : Explore foundational and advanced issues in UAV cellular communications with this cutting-edge and timely new resource UAV Communications for 5G and Beyond delivers a comprehensive overview of the potential applications, networking architectures, research findings, enabling technologies, experimental measurement results, and industry standardizations for UAV communications in cellular systems. The book covers both existing LTE infrastructure, as well as future 5G-and-beyond systems. UAV Communications covers a range of topics that will be of interest to students and professionals alike. Issues of UAV detection and identification are discussed, as is the positioning of autonomous aerial vehicles. More fundamental subjects, like the necessary tradeoffs involved in UAV communication are examined in detail. The distinguished editors offer readers an opportunity to improve their ability to plan and design for the near-future, explosive growth in the number of UAVs, as well as the correspondingly demanding systems that come with them. Readers will learn about a wide variety of timely and practical UAV topics, like: Performance measurement for aerial vehicles over cellular networks, particularly with respect to existing LTE performance Inter-cell interference coordination with drones Massive multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) for Cellular UAV communications, including beamforming, null-steering, and the performance of forward-link C&C channels 3GPP standardization for cellular-supported UAVs, including UAV traffic requirements, channel modeling, and interference challenges Trajectory optimization for UAV communications Perfect for professional engineers and researchers working in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles, UAV Communications for 5G and Beyond also belongs on the bookshelves of students in masters and PhD programs studying the integration of UAVs into cellular communication systems.

Vision Based Autonomous Robot Navigation

Vision Based Autonomous Robot Navigation
  • Author : Amitava Chatterjee,Anjan Rakshit,N. Nirmal Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-13
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9783642339653
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Summary : This monograph is devoted to the theory and development of autonomous navigation of mobile robots using computer vision based sensing mechanism. The conventional robot navigation systems, utilizing traditional sensors like ultrasonic, IR, GPS, laser sensors etc., suffer several drawbacks related to either the physical limitations of the sensor or incur high cost. Vision sensing has emerged as a popular alternative where cameras can be used to reduce the overall cost, maintaining high degree of intelligence, flexibility and robustness. This book includes a detailed description of several new approaches for real life vision based autonomous navigation algorithms and SLAM. It presents the concept of how subgoal based goal-driven navigation can be carried out using vision sensing. The development concept of vision based robots for path/line tracking using fuzzy logic is presented, as well as how a low-cost robot can be indigenously developed in the laboratory with microcontroller based sensor systems. The book describes successful implementation of integration of low-cost, external peripherals, with off-the-shelf procured robots. An important highlight of the book is that it presents a detailed, step-by-step sample demonstration of how vision-based navigation modules can be actually implemented in real life, under 32-bit Windows environment. The book also discusses the concept of implementing vision based SLAM employing a two camera based system.

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems
  • Author : Kaspar Althoefer,Jelizaveta Konstantinova,Ketao Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-16
  • Total pages :503
  • ISBN : 9783030253325
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Summary : The two volumes LNAI 11649 and 11650 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference "Towards Autonomous Robotics", TAROS 2019, held in London, UK, in July 2019. The 87 full papers and 12 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 101 submissions. The papers present and discuss significant findings and advances in autonomous robotics research and applications. They are organized in the following topical sections: robotic grippers and manipulation; soft robotics, sensing and mobile robots; robotic learning, mapping and planning; human-robot interaction; and robotic systems and applications.

Proceedings

Proceedings
  • Author : IEEE Computer Society. Technical Committee on Machine Intelligence and Pattern Analysis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822021200050
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Summary :