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Inequality, Democracy, and Growth in Brazil

Inequality, Democracy, and Growth in Brazil
  • Author : Marcos Mendes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-20
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9780128019658
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Summary : In terms accessible to non-economists, Marcos José Mendes describes the ways democracy and inequality produce low growth in the short and medium terms. In the longer term, he argues that Brazil has two paths in front of it. One is to create the conditions necessary to boost economic performance and drive the country toward a high level of development. The other is to fail in untying the political knot that blocks growth, leaving it a middle-income country. The source of his contrasting futures for Brazil is inequality, which he demonstrates is a relevant variable in any discussion of economic growth. Inequality illuminates causes of seemingly-unconnected problems. This book, which includes freely-accessible documents and datasets, is the first in-depth analysis of an issue that promises to become increasingly prominent. Contrasting visions of Brazil’s future described in economic terms Easy-to-understand graphs and tables illustrate analytical arguments All Excel-based data available on a freely-accessible website

Decadent Developmentalism

Decadent Developmentalism
  • Author : Matthew M. Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-12
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781108842280
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Summary : Complementarities between political and economic institutions have kept Brazil in a low-level economic equilibrium since 1985.

Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil

Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-01
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : 0821358804
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Summary : What makes Brazil so unequal? This title looks at this question and shows how inequalities weaken Brazil's economic development and what are the best policy options to reduce this inequity.

Brazil

Brazil
  • Author : Alfredo Saad-Filho,Lecio Morais
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN : 0745336701
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Summary : Brazil is the world's sixth largest economy, has played a key role as one of the 'pink wave' administrations in Latin America, and was also responsible for wrecking the US-sponsored proposal for a Free Trade Area of the Americas. It is also one of the few large countries where social spending has risen and the distribution of income has improved in the last thirty years.However, as protests during the World Cup in 2014 have shown, the country remains highly unequal, unmet social needs are vast and its infrastructure is precarious.Alfredo Saad-Filho and Lecio Morais review the paradox that is modern-day Brazil. Focusing on the period from 1980 onwards, they analyse the tensions between the two systemic transitions to have dominated the country: the political transition from military rule to democracy, and to neoliberalism. The authors show how these transitions had contradictory logics and dynamics, yet ultimately became mutually supportive as they unfolded and intertwined.

Brazil Emerging

Brazil Emerging
  • Author : Jan Nederveen Pieterse,Adalberto Cardoso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-16
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781135044015
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Summary : This volume is a critical inquiry into the social project and socioeconomic realities of emerging Brazil, a country that faces profound changes. A team of acknowledged specialists on Brazil’s complex configuration addresses state policies, social dynamics and economic constraints and opportunities for emancipation. Chapters adopt long-run perspectives on the development of the Brazilian welfare state, limits and opportunities for emancipation in the labor market, the scope and depth of social policies such as "Bolsa Família" and Rio’s Peacemaking Police Units (UPP), social movements - in particular, the Movement of the Landless (MST) - cultural policies at the federal level, the role of media in the country’s democratization project, and how two important commodities (sugar and oil) shape the identities of blacks and whites in Bahia. This book is essential reading for all those interested in understanding what kind of Brazil has acquired a prominent global position and what hurdles it faces to consolidate its position as a global player.

Brazil

Brazil
  • Author : Mr.Antonio Spilimbergo,Mr.Krishna Srinivasan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-14
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9781484339749
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Summary : Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom. Reasons for the historic bust following a boom are manifold. Policy mistakes were an important contributory factor, and included the pursuit of countercyclical policies, introduced to deal with the effects of the global financial crisis, beyond the point where they were helpful. More fundamentally, it reflects longstanding structural weaknesses plaguing the economy, that also help explain Brazil’s uninspiring growth performance over the past four decades.

Democratic Brazil Revisited

Democratic Brazil Revisited
  • Author : Peter Kingstone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 0822973472
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Summary : As the world's fifth-largest country, Brazil presents a compelling example of democracy in action. In this sequel to their landmark study Democratic Brazil, editors Peter Kingstone and Timothy Power have assembled a distinguished group of U.S.- and Brazilian-based scholars to assess the impact of competitive politics on Brazilian government, institutions, economics, and society. The 2002 election of Lula da Silva and his Worker's Party promised a radical shift toward progressive reform, transparency, and accountability, opposing the earlier centrist and market-oriented policies of the Cardoso government. But despite the popular support reflected in his 2006 reelection, many observers claim that Lula and his party have fallen short of their platform promises. They have moved to the center in their policies, done little to change the elitist political culture of the past, and have engaged in "politics as usual" in executive-legislative relations, leading to allegations of corruption. Under these conditions, democracy in Brazil remains an enigma. Progress in some areas is offset by stagnation and regression in others: while the country has seen renewed economic growth and significant progress in areas of health care and education, the gap between rich and poor remains vast. Rampant crime, racial inequality, and a pandemic lack of personal security taint the vision of progress. These dilemmas make Brazil a particularly striking case for those interested in Latin America and democratization in general.

World Social Report 2020

World Social Report 2020
  • Author : Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-14
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9789210043670
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Summary : This report examines the links between inequality and other major global trends (or megatrends), with a focus on technological change, climate change, urbanization and international migration. The analysis pays particular attention to poverty and labour market trends, as they mediate the distributional impacts of the major trends selected. It also provides policy recommendations to manage these megatrends in an equitable manner and considers the policy implications, so as to reduce inequalities and support their implementation.

Democracy at Work

Democracy at Work
  • Author : Brian Wampler,Natasha Borges Sugiyama,Michael Touchton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-30
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781108493147
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Summary : Demonstrates how specific dimensions of democracy - participation, citizenship rights, and an inclusionary state - enhance human development and well-being.

Democratic Brazil Divided

Democratic Brazil Divided
  • Author : Peter Kingstone,Timothy J. Power
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-29
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780822982906
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Summary : March 2015 should have been a time of celebration for Brazil, as it marked thirty years of democracy, a newfound global prominence, over a decade of rising economic prosperity, and stable party politics under the rule of the widely admired PT (Workers’ Party). Instead, the country descended into protest, economic crisis, impeachment, and deep political division. Democratic Brazil Divided offers a comprehensive and nuanced portrayal of long-standing problems that contributed to the emergence of crisis and offers insights into the ways Brazilian democracy has performed well, despite the explosion of crisis. The volume, the third in a series from editors Kingstone and Power, brings together noted scholars to assess the state of Brazilian democracy through analysis of key processes and themes. These include party politics, corruption, the new ‘middle classes’, human rights, economic policy-making, the origins of protest, education and accountability, and social and environmental policy. Overall, the essays argue that democratic politics in Brazil form a complex mosaic where improvements stand alongside stagnation and regression.

Economic Reforms in New Democracies

Economic Reforms in New Democracies
  • Author : Luiz Carlos Bresser Pereira,Pereira,José María Maravall,Adam Przeworski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-04-30
  • Total pages :227
  • ISBN : 0521438454
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Summary : A 1993 assessment of differing experiences of the transition to democracy in the countries of Southern Europe, Latin America and Eastern Europe.

Brazil in Transition

Brazil in Transition
  • Author : Lee J. Alston,Marcus André Melo,Bernardo Mueller,Carlos Pereira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-24
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781400880942
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Summary : Brazil is the world's sixth-largest economy, and for the first three-quarters of the twentieth century was one of the fastest-growing countries in the world. While the country underwent two decades of unrelenting decline from 1975 to 1994, the economy has rebounded dramatically. How did this nation become an emerging power? Brazil in Transition looks at the factors behind why this particular country has successfully progressed up the economic development ladder. The authors examine the roles of beliefs, leadership, and institutions in the elusive, critical transition to sustainable development. Analyzing the last fifty years of Brazil's history, the authors explain how the nation's beliefs, centered on social inclusion yet bound by orthodox economic policies, led to institutions that altered economic, political, and social outcomes. Brazil's growth and inflation became less variable, the rule of law strengthened, politics became more open and competitive, and poverty and inequality declined. While these changes have led to a remarkable economic transformation, there have also been economic distortions and inefficiencies that the authors argue are part of the development process. Brazil in Transition demonstrates how a dynamic nation seized windows of opportunity to become a more equal, prosperous, and rules-based society.

Global Inequality

Global Inequality
  • Author : Branko Milanovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-11
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9780674969766
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Summary : Winner of the Bruno Kreisky Prize, Karl Renner Institut A Financial Times Best Economics Book of the Year An Economist Best Book of the Year A Livemint Best Book of the Year One of the world’s leading economists of inequality, Branko Milanovic presents a bold new account of the dynamics that drive inequality on a global scale. Drawing on vast data sets and cutting-edge research, he explains the benign and malign forces that make inequality rise and fall within and among nations. He also reveals who has been helped the most by globalization, who has been held back, and what policies might tilt the balance toward economic justice. “The data [Milanovic] provides offer a clearer picture of great economic puzzles, and his bold theorizing chips away at tired economic orthodoxies.” —The Economist “Milanovic has written an outstanding book...Informative, wide-ranging, scholarly, imaginative and commendably brief. As you would expect from one of the world’s leading experts on this topic, Milanovic has added significantly to important recent works by Thomas Piketty, Anthony Atkinson and François Bourguignon...Ever-rising inequality looks a highly unlikely combination with any genuine democracy. It is to the credit of Milanovic’s book that it brings out these dangers so clearly, along with the important global successes of the past few decades. —Martin Wolf, Financial Times

Modern Brazil: a Very Short Introduction

Modern Brazil: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Anthony W. Pereira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-24
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9780198812081
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Summary : Anthony Pereira introduces the country and idea of Brazil, from its depiction in the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio, to Brazil's colonial past, and the country's transformation from a poor agricultural outpost to an integral part of the 21st century global order. Throughout he considers the economic, political, and social challenges the country faces.

Crisis and Inequality

Crisis and Inequality
  • Author : Mattias Vermeiren
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-11
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781509537709
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Summary : Spiralling inequality since the 1970s and the global financial crisis of 2008 have been the two most important challenges to democratic capitalism since the Great Depression. To understand the political economy of contemporary Europe and America we must, therefore, put inequality and crisis at the heart of the picture. In this innovative new textbook Mattias Vermeiren does just this, demonstrating that both the global financial crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis resulted from a mutually reinforcing but ultimately unsustainable relationship between countries with debt-led and export-led growth models, models fundamentally shaped by soaring income and wealth inequality. He traces the emergence of these two growth models by giving a comprehensive overview, deeply informed by the comparative and international political economy literature, of recent developments in the four key domains that have shaped the dynamics of crisis and inequality: macroeconomic policy, social policy, corporate governance and financial policy. He goes on to assess the prospects for the emergence of a more egalitarian and sustainable form of democratic capitalism. This fresh and insightful overview of contemporary Western capitalism will be essential reading for all students and scholars of international and comparative political economy.

Inequality and Democratization

Inequality and Democratization
  • Author : Ben W. Ansell,David J. Samuels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-18
  • Total pages :254
  • ISBN : 9781107000360
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Summary : This book offers a new theory of the historical relationship between economic modernization and the emergence of democracy on a global scale, focusing on the effects of land and income inequality.

Why Nations Fail

Why Nations Fail
  • Author : Daron Acemoğlu,James A. Robinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :529
  • ISBN : 9780307719218
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Summary : An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions.

Edge of Chaos

Edge of Chaos
  • Author : Dambisa Moyo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-24
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780465097470
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Summary : From an internationally acclaimed economist, a provocative call to jump-start economic growth by aggressively overhauling liberal democracy Around the world, people who are angry at stagnant wages and growing inequality have rebelled against established governments and turned to political extremes. Liberal democracy, history's greatest engine of growth, now struggles to overcome unprecedented economic headwinds--from aging populations to scarce resources to unsustainable debt burdens. Hobbled by short-term thinking and ideological dogma, democracies risk falling prey to nationalism and protectionism that will deliver declining living standards. In Edge of Chaos, Dambisa Moyo shows why economic growth is essential to global stability, and why liberal democracies are failing to produce it today. Rather than turning away from democracy, she argues, we must fundamentally reform it. Edge of Chaos presents a radical blueprint for change in order to galvanize growth and ensure the survival of democracy in the twenty-first century.

Inequality in Latin America[

Inequality in Latin America[
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Social Inequalities in Brazil

Social Inequalities in Brazil
  • Author : Laura Jakobeit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-02-22
  • Total pages :7
  • ISBN : 9783640841042
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Summary : Social equality is essential for every country, not only as an end itself, but also as tool for promoting economic growth (Skidmore, 2004).Brazil is one of the most unequal countries in the world, with a Gini Index of 0.567 in 2005 (CIA, 2010). Although this is still high and leaves Brazil the 10thmost unequal country out of 134, the inequalities are improving significantly (in 1998 the Index was 0.607). This essay will focus on two questions: What has caused the striking inequalities in Brazil? Why did these inequalities improvein the recent years?

Corruption & Democracy in Latin America

Corruption & Democracy in Latin America
  • Author : Charles H. Blake,Stephen D. Morris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9780822973553
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Summary : A comparative analysis of the corruption of politics and democracy in Latin America focusing on Peru, Chile, Brazil, and Mexico.