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Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780123946140
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Summary : Materials informatics: a ‘hot topic’ area in materials science, aims to combine traditionally bio-led informatics with computational methodologies, supporting more efficient research by identifying strategies for time- and cost-effective analysis. The discovery and maturation of new materials has been outpaced by the thicket of data created by new combinatorial and high throughput analytical techniques. The elaboration of this "quantitative avalanche"—and the resulting complex, multi-factor analyses required to understand it—means that interest, investment, and research are revisiting informatics approaches as a solution. This work, from Krishna Rajan, the leading expert of the informatics approach to materials, seeks to break down the barriers between data management, quality standards, data mining, exchange, and storage and analysis, as a means of accelerating scientific research in materials science. This solutions-based reference synthesizes foundational physical, statistical, and mathematical content with emerging experimental and real-world applications, for interdisciplinary researchers and those new to the field. Identifies and analyzes interdisciplinary strategies (including combinatorial and high throughput approaches) that accelerate materials development cycle times and reduces associated costs Mathematical and computational analysis aids formulation of new structure-property correlations among large, heterogeneous, and distributed data sets Practical examples, computational tools, and software analysis benefits rapid identification of critical data and analysis of theoretical needs for future problems

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics
  • Author : Olexandr Isayev,Alexander Tropsha,Stefano Curtarolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-21
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9783527341214
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Summary : Provides everything readers need to know for applying the power of informatics to materials science There is a tremendous interest in materials informatics and application of data mining to materials science. This book is a one-stop guide to the latest advances in these emerging fields. Bridging the gap between materials science and informatics, it introduces readers to up-to-date data mining and machine learning methods. It also provides an overview of state-of-the-art software and tools. Case studies illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental discovery of new materials. Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is presented in two parts?Methodological Aspects of Materials Informatics and Practical Aspects and Applications. The first part focuses on developments in software, databases, and high-throughput computational activities. Chapter topics include open quantum materials databases; the ICSD database; open crystallography databases; and more. The second addresses the latest developments in data mining and machine learning for materials science. Its chapters cover genetic algorithms and crystal structure prediction; MQSPR modeling in materials informatics; prediction of materials properties; amongst others. -Bridges the gap between materials science and informatics -Covers all the known methodologies and applications of materials informatics -Presents case studies that illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental quest for new materials -Examines the state-of-the-art software and tools being used today Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is a must-have resource for materials scientists, chemists, and engineers interested in the methods of materials informatics.

Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics
  • Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-06
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9780124104556
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Summary : Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780128059456
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Summary : This chapter provides a discussion of how informatics tools can address one of the fundamental historical developments in crystal chemistry, that of structure maps. Such maps serve as a means to explore how specific parameters associated with crystal and electronic structure can serve as a way to rationalize groupings, or classifications, relating structure and chemistry. Historically, structure maps have evolved through a variety of heuristic approaches that define a priori how parameters may be important, and then classifications are discovered as one populates these maps with data. The resulting clustering of data serves as a heuristic tool to rationalize new discoveries and new structure–bonding relationships.

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780128059487
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Summary : Accelerated design and development of new advanced materials with improved performance characteristics and their successful insertion in engineering practice are largely hindered by the lack of a rigorous mathematical framework for the robust generation of microstructure informatics relevant to the specific application. In this chapter, we describe a set of novel data-driven, computationally efficient protocols that are capable of accelerating significantly the process of building the necessary microstructure informatics for a targeted application. Specific applications in establishing processing–structure–property linkages are discussed as representative examples of how data science can potentially transform the current practices in the materials design and development arena.

Nanoinformatics

Nanoinformatics
  • Author : Isao Tanaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-15
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9789811076176
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Summary : This open access book brings out the state of the art on how informatics-based tools are used and expected to be used in nanomaterials research. There has been great progress in the area in which “big-data” generated by experiments or computations are fully utilized to accelerate discovery of new materials, key factors, and design rules. Data-intensive approaches play indispensable roles in advanced materials characterization. "Materials informatics" is the central paradigm in the new trend. "Nanoinformatics" is its essential subset, which focuses on nanostructures of materials such as surfaces, interfaces, dopants, and point defects, playing a critical role in determining materials properties. There have been significant advances in experimental and computational techniques to characterize individual atoms in nanostructures and to gain quantitative information. The collaboration of researchers in materials science and information science is growing actively and is creating a new trend in materials science and engineering. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Conversational Informatics

Conversational Informatics
  • Author : Toyoaki Nishida
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-11
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 0470512466
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Summary : Conversational informatics investigates human behaviour with a view to designing conversational artifacts capable of interacting with humans in a conversational fashion. It spans a broad array of topics including linguistics, psychology and human-computer interaction. Until recently research in such areas has been carried out in isolation, with no attempt made to connect the various disciplines. Advancements in science and technology have changed this. Conversational Informatics provides an interdisciplinary introduction to conversational informatics and places emphasis upon the integration of scientific approaches to achieve engineering goals and to advance further understanding of conversation. It features a collection of surveys structured around four prominent research areas: conversational artifacts, conversational contents, conversation environment design and conversation measurement, analysis and modelling Conversational artifacts shows how synthetic characters or intelligent robots use eye gaze, gestures and other non-verbal communicators to interact. Conversational contents looks at developing techniques for acquiring, editing, distributing and utilising the contents that are produced and consumed in conversation. Conversation environment design explains techniques for creating intelligent virtual environments and for representing individuals within a virtual environment by monitoring and reproducing their non-verbal conversational behaviour. Conversation measurement, analysis and modelling demonstrate how conversational behaviour can be measured and analyzed. Conversational Informatics will be an invaluable resource for postgraduate students and researchers in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering as well as engineers and developers working in the field of automation, robotics and agents technology.

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics
  • Author : Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-03
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 0471756199
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Summary : Materials Informatics: Data-Driven Discovery in Materials Science outlines the value of adding an "informatics" dimension to the analysis of materials science phenomena, by processes which can permit one to gather and survey complex, multiscale information. Such informatics and combinatorial approaches have emerged as powerful tools in materials design and discovery, in much the same way that genomics and bioinformatics impacted the biological arena. Including topics like data mining and combinatorial experimentation, this book covers the current state of the field, and provides examples (via case studies) of the analysis of multivariate data on a wide array of materials systems.

The Fourth Paradigm

The Fourth Paradigm
  • Author : Tony Hey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036412054
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Summary : Foreword. A transformed scientific method. Earth and environment. Health and wellbeing. Scientific infrastructure. Scholarly communication.

Chemical Technology and Informatics in Chemistry with Applications

Chemical Technology and Informatics in Chemistry with Applications
  • Author : Alexander V. Vakhrushev,Omari V. Mukbaniani,Heru Susanto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781351247443
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Summary : This volume reflects the huge breadth and diversity in research and the application of industrial and engineering chemistry and cheminformatics. The book presents cutting-edge research developments and new insights that emphasize the vibrancy of industrial and engineering chemistry and cheminformatics today. The first section of the book focuses on new insights in engineering chemistry while the second part looks at the promising future and novel approaches in chemical informatics, which has vast implications for industrial and pharmaceutical applications. Several chapters examine various industrial processes for emerging materials and determine practical use under a wide range of conditions, helping to establish what is needed to produce a new generation of materials.

Materials

Materials
  • Author : Michael F. Ashby,Hugh Shercliff,David Cebon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-09
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780080994352
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Summary : Materials, Third Edition, is the essential materials engineering text and resource for students developing skills and understanding of materials properties and selection for engineering applications. This new edition retains its design-led focus and strong emphasis on visual communication while expanding its inclusion of the underlying science of materials to fully meet the needs of instructors teaching an introductory course in materials. A design-led approach motivates and engages students in the study of materials science and engineering through real-life case studies and illustrative applications. Highly visual full color graphics facilitate understanding of materials concepts and properties. For instructors, a solutions manual, lecture slides, online image bank, and materials selection charts for use in class handouts or lecture presentations are available at http://textbooks.elsevier.com. The number of worked examples has been increased by 50% while the number of standard end-of-chapter exercises in the text has been doubled. Coverage of materials and the environment has been updated with a new section on Sustainability and Sustainable Technology. The text meets the curriculum needs of a wide variety of courses in the materials and design field, including introduction to materials science and engineering, engineering materials, materials selection and processing, and materials in design. Design-led approach motivates and engages students in the study of materials science and engineering through real-life case studies and illustrative applications Highly visual full color graphics facilitate understanding of materials concepts and properties Chapters on materials selection and design are integrated with chapters on materials fundamentals, enabling students to see how specific fundamentals can be important to the design process For instructors, a solutions manual, lecture slides, online image bank and materials selection charts for use in class handouts or lecture presentations are available at http://textbooks.elsevier.com Links with the Cambridge Engineering Selector (CES EduPack), the powerful materials selection software. See www.grantadesign.com for information NEW TO THIS EDITION: Text and figures have been revised and updated throughout The number of worked examples has been increased by 50% The number of standard end-of-chapter exercises in the text has been doubled Coverage of materials and the environment has been updated with a new section on Sustainability and Sustainable Technology

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics
  • Author : József Gyulai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047911766
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Summary : This 3rd Conference on Materials Science, Testing and Informatics provided an invaluable forum for discussions on Functional Materials and Technologies for the New Millennium.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics IV

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics IV
  • Author : Péter János Szabó,Tamás Réti,T. Czigány
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-17
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9783038131670
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection comprises state-of-the-art papers written by scientists and research groups working in fields encompassing metals and alloys, silicates, polymers and composites.

Data Science in Chemistry

Data Science in Chemistry
  • Author : Thorsten Gressling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-23
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9783110630534
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Summary : The ever-growing wealth of information has led to the emergence of a fourth paradigm of science. This new field of activity – data science – includes computer science, mathematics and a given specialist domain. This book focuses on chemistry, explaining how to use data science for deep insights and take chemical research and engineering to the next level. It covers modern aspects like Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and Quantum computing.

Intelligent Engineering Informatics

Intelligent Engineering Informatics
  • Author : Vikrant Bhateja,Carlos A. Coello Coello,Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Prasant Kumar Pattnaik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-10
  • Total pages :671
  • ISBN : 9789811075667
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Summary : This book presents the proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA 2017), held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. The event brought together researchers, scientists, engineers, and practitioners to exchange their new ideas and experiences in the domain of intelligent computing theories with prospective applications to various engineering disciplines. The book is divided into two volumes: Information and Decision Sciences, and Intelligent Engineering Informatics. This volume covers broad areas of Intelligent Engineering Informatics, with papers exploring both the theoretical and practical aspects of various areas like ANN and genetic algorithms, human–computer interaction, intelligent control optimisation, intelligent e-learning systems, machine learning, mobile computing, multi-agent systems, etc. The book also offers a valuable resource for students at the post-graduate level in various engineering disciplines.

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
  • Author : Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-11
  • Total pages :1804
  • ISBN : 9781522517993
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Summary : The design and study of materials is a pivotal component to new discoveries in the various fields of science and technology. By better understanding the components and structures of materials, researchers can increase its applications across different industries. Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a compendium of the latest academic material on investigations, technologies, and techniques pertaining to analyzing the synthesis and design of new materials. Through its broad and extensive coverage on a variety of crucial topics, such as nanomaterials, biomaterials, and relevant computational methods, this multi-volume work is an essential reference source for engineers, academics, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking innovative perspectives in the field of materials science and engineering.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics III

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics III
  • Author : József Gyulai,P. J. Szabó
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :725
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822030116248
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Summary : This collection includes state-of-the-art papers by scientists and research groups working in fields encompassing metals and alloys, silicates, polymers and composites.

Combinatorial Methods and Informatics in Materials Science: Volume 894

Combinatorial Methods and Informatics in Materials Science: Volume 894
  • Author : M. J. Fasolka,T. Chikyow,Q. Wang,R. A. Potyrailo,A. Korkin,U. S. Schubert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-17
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : UOM:39015064103875
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Summary : The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design
  • Author : Turab Lookman,Francis J. Alexander,Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-12
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : 9783319238715
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Summary : This book deals with an information-driven approach to plan materials discovery and design, iterative learning. The authors present contrasting but complementary approaches, such as those based on high throughput calculations, combinatorial experiments or data driven discovery, together with machine-learning methods. Similarly, statistical methods successfully applied in other fields, such as biosciences, are presented. The content spans from materials science to information science to reflect the cross-disciplinary nature of the field. A perspective is presented that offers a paradigm (codesign loop for materials design) to involve iteratively learning from experiments and calculations to develop materials with optimum properties. Such a loop requires the elements of incorporating domain materials knowledge, a database of descriptors (the genes), a surrogate or statistical model developed to predict a given property with uncertainties, performing adaptive experimental design to guide the next experiment or calculation and aspects of high throughput calculations as well as experiments. The book is about manufacturing with the aim to halving the time to discover and design new materials. Accelerating discovery relies on using large databases, computation, and mathematics in the material sciences in a manner similar to the way used to in the Human Genome Initiative. Novel approaches are therefore called to explore the enormous phase space presented by complex materials and processes. To achieve the desired performance gains, a predictive capability is needed to guide experiments and computations in the most fruitful directions by reducing not successful trials. Despite advances in computation and experimental techniques, generating vast arrays of data; without a clear way of linkage to models, the full value of data driven discovery cannot be realized. Hence, along with experimental, theoretical and computational materials science, we need to add a “fourth leg’’ to our toolkit to make the “Materials Genome'' a reality, the science of Materials Informatics.

Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering

Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering
  • Author : Nicholas J. Daras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-30
  • Total pages :445
  • ISBN : 9783319047201
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Summary : Analysis, assessment, and data management are core competencies for operation research analysts. This volume addresses a number of issues and developed methods for improving those skills. It is an outgrowth of a conference held in April 2013 at the Hellenic Military Academy and brings together a broad variety of mathematical methods and theories with several applications. It discusses directions and pursuits of scientists that pertain to engineering sciences. It is also presents the theoretical background required for algorithms and techniques applied to a large variety of concrete problems. A number of open questions as well as new future areas are also highlighted. This book will appeal to operations research analysts, engineers, community decision makers, academics, the military community, practitioners sharing the current “state-of-the-art,” and analysts from coalition partners. Topics covered include Operations Research, Games and Control Theory, Computational Number Theory and Information Security, Scientific Computing and Applications, Statistical Modeling and Applications, Systems of Monitoring and Spatial Analysis.

Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis, Fourth Edition

Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis, Fourth Edition
  • Author : Andrew Bush,Diana Bilton,Margaret Hodson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-02
  • Total pages :699
  • ISBN : 9780340764251
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Summary : Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis provides everything the respiratory clinician, pulmonologist or health professional treating patients needs in a single manageable volume. This international and authoritative work brings together current knowledge and has become established in previous editions as a leading reference in the field. This fourth edition includes a wealth of new information, figures, useful videos, and a companion eBook. The basic science that underlies the disease and its progression is outlined in detail and put into a clinical context. Diagnostic and clinical aspects are covered in depth, as well as promising advances such as gene therapies and other novel molecular based treatments. Patient monitoring and the importance of multidisciplinary care are also emphasized. This edition: Features accessible sections reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the cystic fibrosis care team Contains a chapter written by patients and families about their experiences with the disease Includes expanded coverage of clinical areas, including chapters covering sleep, lung mechanics and the work of breathing, upper airway disease, insulin deficiency and diabetes, bone disease, and sexual and reproductive issues Discusses management both in the hospital and at home Includes a new section on monitoring and discusses the use of databases to improve patient care Covers monitoring in different age groups, exercise testing and the outcomes of clinical trials in these areas Includes chapters devoted to nursing, physiotherapy, psychology, and palliative and spiritual care Throughout, the emphasis is on providing an up-to-date and balanced review of both the clinical and basic science aspects of the subject and reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the cystic fibrosis care team.