Download full books PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, Textbook, Mobi or read online anytime and anywhere on any device. Get free access to the library by create an account, fast download and ads free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library.

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780123946140
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Materials informatics: a ‘hot topic’ area in materials science, aims to combine traditionally bio-led informatics with computational methodologies, supporting more efficient research by identifying strategies for time- and cost-effective analysis. The discovery and maturation of new materials has been outpaced by the thicket of data created by new combinatorial and high throughput analytical techniques. The elaboration of this "quantitative avalanche"—and the resulting complex, multi-factor analyses required to understand it—means that interest, investment, and research are revisiting informatics approaches as a solution. This work, from Krishna Rajan, the leading expert of the informatics approach to materials, seeks to break down the barriers between data management, quality standards, data mining, exchange, and storage and analysis, as a means of accelerating scientific research in materials science. This solutions-based reference synthesizes foundational physical, statistical, and mathematical content with emerging experimental and real-world applications, for interdisciplinary researchers and those new to the field. Identifies and analyzes interdisciplinary strategies (including combinatorial and high throughput approaches) that accelerate materials development cycle times and reduces associated costs Mathematical and computational analysis aids formulation of new structure-property correlations among large, heterogeneous, and distributed data sets Practical examples, computational tools, and software analysis benefits rapid identification of critical data and analysis of theoretical needs for future problems

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics
  • Author : Olexandr Isayev,Alexander Tropsha,Stefano Curtarolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-21
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9783527341214
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Provides everything readers need to know for applying the power of informatics to materials science There is a tremendous interest in materials informatics and application of data mining to materials science. This book is a one-stop guide to the latest advances in these emerging fields. Bridging the gap between materials science and informatics, it introduces readers to up-to-date data mining and machine learning methods. It also provides an overview of state-of-the-art software and tools. Case studies illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental discovery of new materials. Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is presented in two parts?Methodological Aspects of Materials Informatics and Practical Aspects and Applications. The first part focuses on developments in software, databases, and high-throughput computational activities. Chapter topics include open quantum materials databases; the ICSD database; open crystallography databases; and more. The second addresses the latest developments in data mining and machine learning for materials science. Its chapters cover genetic algorithms and crystal structure prediction; MQSPR modeling in materials informatics; prediction of materials properties; amongst others. -Bridges the gap between materials science and informatics -Covers all the known methodologies and applications of materials informatics -Presents case studies that illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental quest for new materials -Examines the state-of-the-art software and tools being used today Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is a must-have resource for materials scientists, chemists, and engineers interested in the methods of materials informatics.

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780128059456
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This chapter provides a discussion of how informatics tools can address one of the fundamental historical developments in crystal chemistry, that of structure maps. Such maps serve as a means to explore how specific parameters associated with crystal and electronic structure can serve as a way to rationalize groupings, or classifications, relating structure and chemistry. Historically, structure maps have evolved through a variety of heuristic approaches that define a priori how parameters may be important, and then classifications are discovered as one populates these maps with data. The resulting clustering of data serves as a heuristic tool to rationalize new discoveries and new structure–bonding relationships.

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780128059487
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Accelerated design and development of new advanced materials with improved performance characteristics and their successful insertion in engineering practice are largely hindered by the lack of a rigorous mathematical framework for the robust generation of microstructure informatics relevant to the specific application. In this chapter, we describe a set of novel data-driven, computationally efficient protocols that are capable of accelerating significantly the process of building the necessary microstructure informatics for a targeted application. Specific applications in establishing processing–structure–property linkages are discussed as representative examples of how data science can potentially transform the current practices in the materials design and development arena.

Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics
  • Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-06
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9780124104556
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Joseph Glick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780128059388
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The discipline of informatics emerged from the need to translate biomedical research into evidence-based healthcare protocols and policy. Materials science informatics is rooted in an analogous need to “translate” physical sciences research and discoveries into materials-based solutions to address a broad range of issues and challenges for business, government, and the environment. Ontologies and databases are key elements of translational architectures and therefore are fundamental tools of the practice of informatics. Databases are tools for engineering data and information, while ontologies are tools for engineering knowledge and utility. Since knowledge and utility are the core objectives of informatics, correctly understanding and utilizing ontologies is critical to the development of effective materials informatics programs and tools. Rooted in philosophy, the term ontology appears most frequently today in connection with semantic web technology, where it refers to vocabularies used by inference engines to interpret human use of language. Materials science ontologies need to capture the scientific context of the defined concepts to support modeling and prediction of multidimensional structure–property relationships in variable environments and applications. Addressing the complexity of materials science ontologies requires a significant departure from traditional database and semantic web ontology approaches, including the use of neural networks that are capable of implementing methods for modeling context, relevance, complex systems, and human expertise. Pioneering efforts in this space include the Knowledge Engineering for Nanoinformatics Pilot (KENI) launched by the Nanoinformatics Society in 2010, and a collaborative Materials Genome Modeling Methodology initiative led by Iowa State University and initiated in 2011.

Nanoinformatics

Nanoinformatics
  • Author : Isao Tanaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-15
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9789811076176
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This open access book brings out the state of the art on how informatics-based tools are used and expected to be used in nanomaterials research. There has been great progress in the area in which “big-data” generated by experiments or computations are fully utilized to accelerate discovery of new materials, key factors, and design rules. Data-intensive approaches play indispensable roles in advanced materials characterization. "Materials informatics" is the central paradigm in the new trend. "Nanoinformatics" is its essential subset, which focuses on nanostructures of materials such as surfaces, interfaces, dopants, and point defects, playing a critical role in determining materials properties. There have been significant advances in experimental and computational techniques to characterize individual atoms in nanostructures and to gain quantitative information. The collaboration of researchers in materials science and information science is growing actively and is creating a new trend in materials science and engineering. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics
  • Author : Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-03
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 0471756199
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Materials Informatics: Data-Driven Discovery in Materials Science outlines the value of adding an "informatics" dimension to the analysis of materials science phenomena, by processes which can permit one to gather and survey complex, multiscale information. Such informatics and combinatorial approaches have emerged as powerful tools in materials design and discovery, in much the same way that genomics and bioinformatics impacted the biological arena. Including topics like data mining and combinatorial experimentation, this book covers the current state of the field, and provides examples (via case studies) of the analysis of multivariate data on a wide array of materials systems.

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
  • Author : Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-11
  • Total pages :1804
  • ISBN : 9781522517993
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The design and study of materials is a pivotal component to new discoveries in the various fields of science and technology. By better understanding the components and structures of materials, researchers can increase its applications across different industries. Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a compendium of the latest academic material on investigations, technologies, and techniques pertaining to analyzing the synthesis and design of new materials. Through its broad and extensive coverage on a variety of crucial topics, such as nanomaterials, biomaterials, and relevant computational methods, this multi-volume work is an essential reference source for engineers, academics, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking innovative perspectives in the field of materials science and engineering.

Innovations and Advances in Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, Networking and Engineering

Innovations and Advances in Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, Networking and Engineering
  • Author : Tarek Sobh,Khaled Elleithy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-07
  • Total pages :629
  • ISBN : 9783319067735
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Innovations and Advances in Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, Networking and Engineering This book includes a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the areas of Computer Science, Informatics, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering. It includes selected papers from the conference proceedings of the Eighth and some selected papers of the Ninth International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering (CISSE 2012 & CISSE 2013). Coverage includes topics in: Industrial Electronics, Technology & Automation, Telecommunications and Networking, Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering, Engineering Education, Instructional Technology, Assessment, and E-learning. · Provides the latest in a series of books growing out of the International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering; · Includes chapters in the most advanced areas of Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, and Engineering; · Accessible to a wide range of readership, including professors, researchers, practitioners and students.

Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering

Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering
  • Author : Nicholas J. Daras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-30
  • Total pages :445
  • ISBN : 9783319047201
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Analysis, assessment, and data management are core competencies for operation research analysts. This volume addresses a number of issues and developed methods for improving those skills. It is an outgrowth of a conference held in April 2013 at the Hellenic Military Academy and brings together a broad variety of mathematical methods and theories with several applications. It discusses directions and pursuits of scientists that pertain to engineering sciences. It is also presents the theoretical background required for algorithms and techniques applied to a large variety of concrete problems. A number of open questions as well as new future areas are also highlighted. This book will appeal to operations research analysts, engineers, community decision makers, academics, the military community, practitioners sharing the current “state-of-the-art,” and analysts from coalition partners. Topics covered include Operations Research, Games and Control Theory, Computational Number Theory and Information Security, Scientific Computing and Applications, Statistical Modeling and Applications, Systems of Monitoring and Spatial Analysis.

The Fourth Paradigm

The Fourth Paradigm
  • Author : Tony Hey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036412054
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Foreword. A transformed scientific method. Earth and environment. Health and wellbeing. Scientific infrastructure. Scholarly communication.

Chemical Technology and Informatics in Chemistry with Applications

Chemical Technology and Informatics in Chemistry with Applications
  • Author : Alexander V. Vakhrushev,Omari V. Mukbaniani,Heru Susanto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781351247443
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This volume reflects the huge breadth and diversity in research and the application of industrial and engineering chemistry and cheminformatics. The book presents cutting-edge research developments and new insights that emphasize the vibrancy of industrial and engineering chemistry and cheminformatics today. The first section of the book focuses on new insights in engineering chemistry while the second part looks at the promising future and novel approaches in chemical informatics, which has vast implications for industrial and pharmaceutical applications. Several chapters examine various industrial processes for emerging materials and determine practical use under a wide range of conditions, helping to establish what is needed to produce a new generation of materials.

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design
  • Author : Turab Lookman,Francis J. Alexander,Krishna Rajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-12
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : 9783319238715
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This book deals with an information-driven approach to plan materials discovery and design, iterative learning. The authors present contrasting but complementary approaches, such as those based on high throughput calculations, combinatorial experiments or data driven discovery, together with machine-learning methods. Similarly, statistical methods successfully applied in other fields, such as biosciences, are presented. The content spans from materials science to information science to reflect the cross-disciplinary nature of the field. A perspective is presented that offers a paradigm (codesign loop for materials design) to involve iteratively learning from experiments and calculations to develop materials with optimum properties. Such a loop requires the elements of incorporating domain materials knowledge, a database of descriptors (the genes), a surrogate or statistical model developed to predict a given property with uncertainties, performing adaptive experimental design to guide the next experiment or calculation and aspects of high throughput calculations as well as experiments. The book is about manufacturing with the aim to halving the time to discover and design new materials. Accelerating discovery relies on using large databases, computation, and mathematics in the material sciences in a manner similar to the way used to in the Human Genome Initiative. Novel approaches are therefore called to explore the enormous phase space presented by complex materials and processes. To achieve the desired performance gains, a predictive capability is needed to guide experiments and computations in the most fruitful directions by reducing not successful trials. Despite advances in computation and experimental techniques, generating vast arrays of data; without a clear way of linkage to models, the full value of data driven discovery cannot be realized. Hence, along with experimental, theoretical and computational materials science, we need to add a “fourth leg’’ to our toolkit to make the “Materials Genome'' a reality, the science of Materials Informatics.

Combinatorial Methods and Informatics in Materials Science: Volume 894

Combinatorial Methods and Informatics in Materials Science: Volume 894
  • Author : M. J. Fasolka,T. Chikyow,Q. Wang,A. Korkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-17
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : UOM:39015064103875
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Combinatorial and high-throughput experimental approaches and related informatics, modeling and data-mining methods have permitted researchers to accelerate the pace at which new, complex materials and device systems are discovered, optimized and understood. Today, the development and application of these revolutionary approaches continue to grow and diversify. This book offers an international, interdisciplinary perspective for scientists and engineers interested in combinatorial, high-throughput and advanced informatics approaches to materials research. The range of disciplines includes materials science; chemistry; physics; electrical, chemical and mechanical engineering; materials modeling; and data systems engineering. Presentations share successful studies, and illuminate current and emerging challenges in areas including: the design and fabrication of combinatorial libraries for materials and devices; high-throughput characterization methods for such systems; automation of instrumentation and data analysis; advanced modeling and data mining techniques for rapid materials design and properties prediction; and data system design and software for combinatorial workflows.

Intelligent Engineering Informatics

Intelligent Engineering Informatics
  • Author : Vikrant Bhateja,Carlos A. Coello Coello,Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Prasant Kumar Pattnaik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-10
  • Total pages :671
  • ISBN : 9789811075667
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This book presents the proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Frontiers of Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications (FICTA 2017), held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. The event brought together researchers, scientists, engineers, and practitioners to exchange their new ideas and experiences in the domain of intelligent computing theories with prospective applications to various engineering disciplines. The book is divided into two volumes: Information and Decision Sciences, and Intelligent Engineering Informatics. This volume covers broad areas of Intelligent Engineering Informatics, with papers exploring both the theoretical and practical aspects of various areas like ANN and genetic algorithms, human–computer interaction, intelligent control optimisation, intelligent e-learning systems, machine learning, mobile computing, multi-agent systems, etc. The book also offers a valuable resource for students at the post-graduate level in various engineering disciplines.

Modern Physical Chemistry: Engineering Models, Materials, and Methods with Applications

Modern Physical Chemistry: Engineering Models, Materials, and Methods with Applications
  • Author : Reza K. Haghi,Emili Besalu,Maciej Jaroszewski,Sabu Thomas,Praveen K.M.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9781351389648
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This volume brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of new tools for chemical engineers. It presents significant research, reporting on new methodologies and important applications in the field of chemical engineering. Highlighting theoretical foundations, real-world cases, and future directions, this book covers selected topics in a variety of areas, including: chemoinformatics and computational chemistry advanced dielectric materials nanotechniques polymer composites It also presents several advanced case studies. The topics discussed in this volume will be valuable for researchers, practitioners, professionals, and students of chemistry material and chemical engineering.

Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis, Fourth Edition

Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis, Fourth Edition
  • Author : Andrew Bush,Diana Bilton,Margaret Hodson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-02
  • Total pages :699
  • ISBN : 9780340764251
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis provides everything the respiratory clinician, pulmonologist or health professional treating patients needs in a single manageable volume. This international and authoritative work brings together current knowledge and has become established in previous editions as a leading reference in the field. This fourth edition includes a wealth of new information, figures, useful videos, and a companion eBook. The basic science that underlies the disease and its progression is outlined in detail and put into a clinical context. Diagnostic and clinical aspects are covered in depth, as well as promising advances such as gene therapies and other novel molecular based treatments. Patient monitoring and the importance of multidisciplinary care are also emphasized. This edition: Features accessible sections reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the cystic fibrosis care team Contains a chapter written by patients and families about their experiences with the disease Includes expanded coverage of clinical areas, including chapters covering sleep, lung mechanics and the work of breathing, upper airway disease, insulin deficiency and diabetes, bone disease, and sexual and reproductive issues Discusses management both in the hospital and at home Includes a new section on monitoring and discusses the use of databases to improve patient care Covers monitoring in different age groups, exercise testing and the outcomes of clinical trials in these areas Includes chapters devoted to nursing, physiotherapy, psychology, and palliative and spiritual care Throughout, the emphasis is on providing an up-to-date and balanced review of both the clinical and basic science aspects of the subject and reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the cystic fibrosis care team.

Field Informatics

Field Informatics
  • Author : Toru Ishida
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-27
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 9783642290060
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Here we use the term "field" to refer to a sphere of practical operation, and correspondingly the term "field informatics" describes informatics tools and methodologies that arise in the field. The components of field informatics are description, prediction, design and transfer, and the methods for those components vary widely. For example, we consider the social goal of revitalizing a mountainous area experiencing depopulation and we show how the tools and methodologies of field informatics may be used to describe such situations using remote sensing, biologging, human sensing and ethnography; the effects of various solutions can be predicted using system dynamics and multiagent simulations; the solutions can be designed using inclusive design or participatory design methods; and finally the experience gained can be transferred using case writing and outreach communication. The authors are specialists in diverse areas such as informatics, engineering, agriculture, sociology and pedagogy, and their areas of interest range from environment conservation to social education for international cooperation. They have a particular focus on the environment in southeast Asia and related topics such as large-scale traffic simulations, participatory workshops, inclusive design workshops, distance learning, and intercultural collaboration. This book targets graduate students seeking tools and methodologies for natural observation, field workers engaged in social participation, and researchers and engineers pursuing innovation. The techniques described in the book could also be exploited by government officials to form consensus and develop activities or by non-profit organizations to undertake more effective social programs.

Environmental Informatics

Environmental Informatics
  • Author : Nicholas M. Avouris,Bernd Page
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9789401714433
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Environmental informatics is a field of applied computer science that develops and uses the techniques of information processing for environmental protection, research and engineering. The multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems needs environmental informatics as a bridge and mediator between many disciplines and institutions. The present book presents a wide range of topics currently being pursued in the area, including basic methodological issues and typical applications. A significant number of recognised experts have contributed to the volume, discussing the methodology and application of environmental monitoring, environmental databases and information systems, GIS, modeling software, environmental management systems, knowledge-based systems, and the visualisation of complex environmental data. For scholarly and professional practitioners of environmental management who wish to acquire well-founded knowledge of environmental information processing and specialists in applied computer science who wish to learn more about the contribution of their field to the solution of our urgent environmental problems.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics II

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics II
  • Author : József Gyulai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822030971733
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The series, Hungarian Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science, Testing and Informatics, was founded in order to provide a forum in which Hungarian and foreign scientists and research groups - interested in metals and alloys, silicates, polymers and composites - would have the opportunity to exchange and publish ideas and to establish new integrated partnerships. The 4th Hungarian Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science, Testing and Informatics was held on the Balaton lakeside, at Balatonfured, October 12-14th, 2003. The following topics are covered in the proceedings: functional materials and technologies of the new millennium (including mechanical engineering, electrotechnics, energetics, ceramics, polymers, biotechnology, nanostructures, smart materials, gradient materials); modern research and characterization methods; modeling, simulation and materials informatics; innovative products and technologies. The proceedings are therefore an invaluable source of up-to-date information on the field.