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Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Author : Kenneth Loh,Satish Nagarajaiah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9781782423447
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Summary : Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering focuses on nanotechnology, the innovation and control of materials at 100 nm or smaller length scales, and how they have revolutionized almost all of the various disciplines of science and engineering study. In particular, advances in synthesizing, imaging, and manipulating materials at the nano-scale have provided engineers with a broader array of materials and tools for creating high-performance devices. Nanomaterials possess drastically different properties than those of their bulk counterparts mainly because of their high surface-to-mass ratios and high surface energies/reactivity. For instance, carbon nanotubes have been shown to possess impressive mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity superior to that of bulk carbon. Whilst nanotechnology has become deeply rooted in electrical, chemical, and materials engineering disciplines, its proliferation into civil engineering did not begin until fairly recently. This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering. Examines nanotechnology and its application to not only structural engineering, but also transportation, new infrastructure materials, and the applications of nanotechnology to existing structural systems Focuses on how nanomaterials can provide enhanced sensing capabilities and mechanical reinforcement of the original structural material Analyzes experimental and computational work carried out by world-renowned researchers

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering
  • Author : Thanasis Triantafillou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-08
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9781782424697
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Summary : Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering provides a state-of-the-art review from leading experts on recent developments, the use of textile fiber composites in civil engineering, and a focus on both new and existing structures. Textile-based composites are new materials for civil engineers. Recent developments have demonstrated their potential in the prefabrication of concrete structures and as a tool for both strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing concrete and masonry structures, including those of a historical value. The book reviews materials, production technologies, fundamental properties, testing, design aspects, applications, and directions for future research and developments. Following the opening introductory chapter, Part One covers materials, production technologies, and the manufacturing of textile fiber composites for structural and civil engineering. Part Two moves on to review testing, mechanical behavior, and durability aspects of textile fiber composites used in structural and civil engineering. Chapters here cover topics such as the durability of structural elements and bond aspects in textile fiber composites. Part Three analyzes the structural behavior and design of textile reinforced concrete. This section includes a number of case studies providing thorough coverage of the topic. The final section of the volume details the strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing structures. Chapters investigate concrete and masonry structures, in addition to providing information and insights on future directions in the field. The book is a key volume for researchers, academics, practitioners, and students working in civil and structural engineering and those working with advanced construction materials. Details the range of materials and production technologies used in textile fiber composites Analyzes the durability of textile fiber composites, including case studies into the structural behavior of textile reinforced concrete Reviews the processes involved in strengthening existing concrete structures

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction
  • Author : George C. Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-24
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780081003978
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Summary : The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction strives to integrate the theory, research, and practice of slag utilization, including the production and processing of slags. The topics covered include: production and smelting processes for metals; chemical and physical properties of slags; pretreatment and post-treatment technology to enhance slag properties; potential environmental impact; mechanisms of potential expansion; special testing methods and characteristics; slag processing for aggregate and cementitious applications; suitability of slags for use in specific applications; overall properties of materials containing slags; and commercialization and economics. The focus of the book is on slag utilization technology, with a review of the basic properties and an exploration of how its use in the end product will be technically sound, environment-friendly, and economic. Covers the production, processing, and utilization of a broad range of ferrous, non-ferrous, and non-metallurgical slags Provides information on applicable methods for a particular slag and its utilization to reduce potential environmental impacts and promote natural resource sustainability Presents the overall technology of transferring a slag from the waste stream into a useful materials resource Provides a detailed review of the appropriate utilization of each slag from processing right through to aggregate and cementitious use requirements

Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures
  • Author : Mark Alexander
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-13
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780081000847
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Summary : Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world

Sustainability of Construction Materials

Sustainability of Construction Materials
  • Author : Jamal Khatib
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-12
  • Total pages :742
  • ISBN : 9780081003916
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Summary : Sustainability of Construction Materials, Second Edition, explores an increasingly important aspect of construction. In recent years, serious consideration has been given to environmental and societal issues in the manufacturing, use, disposal, and recycling of construction materials. This book provides comprehensive and detailed analysis of the sustainability issues associated with these materials, mainly in relation to the constituent materials, processing, recycling, and lifecycle environmental impacts. The contents of each chapter reflect the individual aspects of the material that affect sustainability, such as the preservation and repair of timber, the use of cement replacements in concrete, the prevention and control of metal corrosion and the crucial role of adhesives in wood products. Provides helpful guidance on lifecycle assessment, durability, recycling, and the engineering properties of construction materials Fully updated to take on new developments, with an additional nineteen chapters added to include natural stone, polymers and plastics, and plaster products Provides essential reading for individuals at all levels who are involved in the construction and selection, assessment and use, and maintenance of materials

Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures

Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures
  • Author : Kamran Behdinan,Rasool Moradi-Dastjerdi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-24
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781119756712
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Summary : Offers a review of the newest methodologies for the characterization and modelling of lightweight materials and structures Advances in Multifunctional Lightweight Structures offers a text that provides and in-depth analyses of the thermal, electrical and mechanical responses of multi-functional lightweight structures. The authors, noted experts on the topic, address the most recent and innovative methodologies for the characterization and modelling of lightweight materials and discuss various shell and plate theories. They present multifunctional materials and structures and offer detailed descriptions of the complex modelling of these structures. The text is divided into three sections that demonstrate a keen understanding and awareness for multi-functional lightweight structures by taking a unique approach. The authors explore multi-disciplinary modelling and characterization alongside benchmark problems and applications, topics that are rarely approached in this field. This important book: • Offers an analyses of the thermal, electrical and mechanical responses of multi-functional lightweight structures • Covers innovative methodologies for the characterization and modelling of lightweight materials and structures • Presents a characterization of a wide variety of novel materials • Considers multifunctional novel structures with potential applications in different high-tech industries • Includes efficient and highly accurate methodologies Written for professionals, engineers and researchers in industrial and other specialized research institutions, Advances in Multifunctional Lightweight Structures offers a much needed text to the design practices of existing engineering building services and how these methods combine with recent developments.

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure
  • Author : Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan,Bjorn Birgisson,Peter Taylor,Nii O. Attoh-Okine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-31
  • Total pages :273
  • ISBN : 3642166571
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Summary : Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure is a state-of-the art reference source describing the latest developments in nano-engineering and nano-modification of construction materials to improve the bulk properties, development of sustainable, intelligent, and smart concrete materials through the integration of nanotechnology based self-sensing and self-powered materials and cyber infrastructure technologies, review of nanotechnology applications in pavement engineering, development of novel, cost-effective, high-performance and long-lasting concrete products and processes through nanotechnology-based innovative processing of cement and cement paste, and advanced nanoscience modeling, visualization, and measurement systems for characterizing and testing civil infrastructure materials at the nano-scale. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in nanotechnology related research will find this book very useful.

Fillers and Reinforcements for Advanced Nanocomposites

Fillers and Reinforcements for Advanced Nanocomposites
  • Author : Yu Dong,Rehan Umer,Alan Kin Tak Lau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-02
  • Total pages :586
  • ISBN : 9780081000823
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Summary : Fillers and Reinforcements for Advanced Nanocomposites reviews cutting-edge, state-of-the-art research on the effective use of nanoscaled fillers and reinforcements to enhance the performance of advanced nanocomposites, both in industrial and manufacturing applications. It covers a broad range of topics such as nanocelluloses, nanotubes, nanoplatelets, and nanoparticles, as well as their extensive applications. The chapters provide detailed information on how fillers and reinforcements are used in the fabrication, synthesis and characterization of advanced nanocomposites to achieve extraordinary performance of new materials and significant enhancements in their mechanical, thermal, structural and multi-functional properties. It also highlights new technologies for the fabrication of advanced nanocomposites using innovative electrospinning techniques. Covers topics such as nanocelluloses, nanotubes, nanoplatelets, and nanoparticles, as well as their extensive applications Discusses the latest research on the effective use of nanoscaled fillers and reinforcements to enhance the performance of advanced nanocomposites Explains how fillers and reinforcements are used in the fabrication, synthesis and characterization of advanced nanocomposites

Nanotechnology in Cement-Based Construction

Nanotechnology in Cement-Based Construction
  • Author : Antonella D'Alessandro,Annibale Luigi Materazzi,Filippo Ubertini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-22
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781000576924
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Summary : Many books on new smart materials are available, but specialized analysis of particular topics is still in high demand. This multiauthor book focuses on applying nanotechnology to cement-based materials to make numerous engineering applications possible. The addition of novel smart nanofillers allows the development of multifunctional composite materials, not just limited to improving mechanical strength, but also including several enhanced features. Special attention is devoted to types of nano-inclusions, novel techniques to mix components, and analysis of properties that can be achieved by paste, mortar, or concrete if added with nanofillers. Among these properties, the capability of self-sensing is very promising. Moreover, the use of phase-changing materials improves the energy efficiency of nanocomposites, resulting in important applications in engineering. Particular attention is also focused on energy harvesting and electromagnetic shielding properties. Comprehensive and up to date, this is an important reference book that not only provides in-depth information about recent developments and perspectives in this field but also discusses topics that promise major developments in the near future.

Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures

Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures
  • Author : Baoguo Han,Xun Yu,Jinping Ou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-30
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9780128006580
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Summary : Concrete is the second most used building material in the world after water. The problem is that over time the material becomes weaker. As a response, researchers and designers are developing self-sensing concrete which not only increases longevity but also the strength of the material. Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures provides researchers and designers with a guide to the composition, sensing mechanism, measurement, and sensing properties of self-healing concrete along with their structural applications Provides a systematic discussion of the structure of intrinsic self-sensing concrete Compositions of intrinsic self-sensing concrete and processing of intrinsic self-sensing concrete Explains the sensing mechanism, measurement, and sensing properties of intrinsic self-sensing concrete

Multifunctional Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications

Multifunctional Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Zhanhu Guo,Yuan Chen,Na Luna Lu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-02
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9783527342495
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Summary : Focusing on real applications of nanocomposites and nanotechnologies for sustainable development, this book shows how nanocomposites can help to solve energy and environmental problems, including a broad overview of energy-related applications and a unique selection of environmental topics. Clearly structured, the first part covers such energy-related applications as lithium ion batteries, solar cells, catalysis, thermoelectric waste heat harvesting and water splitting, while the second part provides unique perspectives on environmental fields, including nuclear waste management and carbon dioxide capture and storage. The result is a successful combination of fundamentals for newcomers to the field and the latest results for experienced scientists, engineers, and industry researchers.

Fibre Optic Methods for Structural Health Monitoring

Fibre Optic Methods for Structural Health Monitoring
  • Author : Branko Glisic,Daniele Inaudi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-11
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 0470517808
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Summary : The use of fibre optic sensors in structural health monitoring has rapidly accelerated in recent years. By embedding fibre optic sensors in structures (e.g. buildings, bridges and pipelines) it is possible to obtain real time data on structural changes such as stress or strain. Engineers use monitoring data to detect deviations from a structure’s original design performance in order to optimise the operation, repair and maintenance of a structure over time. Fibre Optic Methods for Structural Health Monitoring is organised as a step-by-step guide to implementing a monitoring system and includes examples of common structures and their most-frequently monitored parameters. This book: presents a universal method for static structural health monitoring, using a technique with proven effectiveness in hundreds of applications worldwide; discusses a variety of different structures including buildings, bridges, dams, tunnels and pipelines; features case studies which describe common problems and offer solutions to those problems; provides advice on establishing mechanical parameters to monitor (including deformations, rotations and displacements) and on placing sensors to achieve monitoring objectives; identifies methods for interpreting data according to construction material and shows how to apply numerical concepts and formulae to data in order to inform decision making. Fibre Optic Methods for Structural Health Monitoring is an invaluable reference for practising engineers in the fields of civil, structural and geotechnical engineering. It will also be of interest to academics and undergraduate/graduate students studying civil and structural engineering.

Structural Composite Materials

Structural Composite Materials
  • Author : F. C. Campbell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 9781615031405
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Summary : This book deals with all aspects of advanced composite materials; what they are, where they are used, how they are made, their properties, how they are designed and analyzed, and how they perform in-service. It covers both continuous and discontinuous fiber composites fabricated from polymer, metal, and ceramic matrices, with an emphasis on continuous fiber polymer matrix composites.

Advanced Functional Materials

Advanced Functional Materials
  • Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Lokman Uzun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-08
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9781118998984
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Summary : Because of their unique properties (size, shape, and surface functions), functional materials are gaining significant attention in the areas of energy conversion and storage, sensing, electronics, photonics, and biomedicine. Within the chapters of this book written by well-known researchers, one will find the range of methods that have been developed for preparation and functionalization of organic, inorganic and hybrid structures which are the necessary building blocks for the architecture of various advanced functional materials. The book discusses these innovative methodologies and research strategies, as well as provides a comprehensive and detailed overview of the cutting-edge research on the processing, properties and technology developments of advanced functional materials and their applications. Specifically, Advanced Functional Materials: Compiles the objectives related to functional materials and provides detailed reviews of fundamentals, novel production methods, and frontiers of functional materials, including metalic oxides, conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes, discotic liquid crystalline dimers, calixarenes, crown ethers, chitosan and graphene. Discusses the production and characterization of these materials, while mentioning recent approaches developed as well as their uses and applications for sensitive chemiresistors, optical and electronic materials, solar hydrogen generation, supercapacitors, display and organic light-emitting diodes, functional adsorbents, and antimicrobial and biocompatible layer formation. This volume in the Advanced Materials Book Series includes twelve chapters divided into two main areas: Part 1: Functional Metal Oxides: Architecture, Design and Applications and Part 2: Multifunctional Hybrid Materials: Fundamentals and Frontiers

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
  • Author : Deba Kumar Tripathy,Bibhu Prasad Sahoo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-07
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9783662535172
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Summary : The aim of the present edited book is to furnish scientific information about manufacturing, properties, and application of clay and carbon based polymer nanocomposites. It can be used as handbook for undergraduate and post graduate courses (for example material science and engineering, polymer science and engineering, rubber technology, manufacturing engineering, etc.) as well as as reference book for research fellows and professionals. Polymer nanocomposites have received outstanding importance in the present decade because of their broad range of high-performance applications in various areas of engineering and technology due to their special material properties. A great interest is dedicated to nanofiller based polymeric materials, which exhibit excellent enhancement in macroscopic material properties (mechanical, thermal, dynamic mechanical, electrical and many more) at very low filler contents and can therefore be used for the development of next-generation composite materials.

Nanotechnology in Construction

Nanotechnology in Construction
  • Author : Konstantin Sobolev,Surendra P. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-07
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : 9783319170886
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Summary : Nanotechnology has already demonstrated surprising potential for improving the performance of construction materials and many of these recent developments were facilitated by NICOM symposia. The NICOM5 proceedings will cover the emerging opportunities and future use of nanotechnology in construction and will illustrate the broad potential for application of nanotechnology to challenging problems involving materials and infrastructure.

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Materials Research for Defense After Next
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-25
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780309087001
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Summary : In order to achieve the revolutionary new defense capabilities offered by materials science and engineering, innovative management to reduce the risks associated with translating research results will be needed along with the R&D. While payoff is expected to be high from the promising areas of materials research, many of the benefits are likely to be evolutionary. Nevertheless, failure to invest in more speculative areas of research could lead to undesired technological surprises. Basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science will provide the seeds for potentially revolutionary technologies later in the 21st century.

Nano-Engineered Cementitious Composites

Nano-Engineered Cementitious Composites
  • Author : Baoguo Han,Siqi Ding,Jialiang Wang,Jinping Ou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-10
  • Total pages :731
  • ISBN : 9789811370786
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Summary : This book focuses on civil engineering materials and nanotechnology. Highlighting recent advances in the field of nano-engineered cementitious composites, it discusses their key principles, design and fabrication, testing and characterization, performance and mechanisms, as well as applications. Future developments and remaining challenges are also outlined. Nano-engineered cementitious composites are exceptionally strong, durable and offer multifunctional/smart performance that differs considerably from that of normal cementitious composites. Providing valuable insights into these composites’ future development, the book offers an essential source of information, inspiration, theory and practical guidance for developing sustainable cementitious composites. As such, it will benefit researchers, scientists and engineers in the fields of civil engineering materials and nanotechnology alike.

Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures (SARISTU)

Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures (SARISTU)
  • Author : Piet Christof Wölcken,Michael Papadopoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-04
  • Total pages :1039
  • ISBN : 9783319224138
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Summary : The book includes the research papers presented in the final conference of the EU funded SARISTU (Smart Intelligent Aircraft Structures) project, held at Moscow, Russia between 19-21 of May 2015. The SARISTU project, which was launched in September 2011, developed and tested a variety of individual applications as well as their combinations. With a strong focus on actual physical integration and subsequent material and structural testing, SARISTU has been responsible for important progress on the route to industrialization of structure integrated functionalities such as Conformal Morphing, Structural Health Monitoring and Nanocomposites. The gap- and edge-free deformation of aerodynamic surfaces known as conformal morphing has gained previously unrealized capabilities such as inherent de-icing, erosion protection and lightning strike protection, while at the same time the technological risk has been greatly reduced. Individual structural health monitoring techniques can now be applied at the part-manufacturing level rather than via extending an aircraft’s time in the final assembly line. And nanocomposites no longer lose their improved properties when trying to upscale from neat resin testing to full laminate testing at element level. As such, this book familiarizes the reader with the most significant develo pments, achievements and key technological steps which have been made possible through the four-year long cooperation of 64 leading entities from 16 different countries with the financial support of the European Commission.

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites
  • Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Abou el Kacem Qaiss,Rachid Bouhfid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-12
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : 9789811019531
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Summary : This book is part of a two-volume book series that exhaustively reviews the key recent research into nanoclay reinforced polymer composites. This second volume focuses on nanoclay based nanocomposites and bionanocomposites fabrication, characterization and applications. This includes classification of nanoclay, chemical modification and processing techniques of nanocomposites. The book also provides comprehensive information about nanoclay modification and functionalization; modification of nanoclay systems, geological and mineralogical research on clays suitability; bio-nanocomposites based on nanoclays; modelling of mechanical behaviour of halloysite based composites; mechanical and thermal properties of halloysite nanocomposites; the effect of Nanoclays on gas barrier properties of polymers and modified nanocomposites. This book is a valuable reference guide for academics and industrial practitioners alike.

Revolutionizing Aircraft Materials and Processes

Revolutionizing Aircraft Materials and Processes
  • Author : Spiros Pantelakis,Konstantinos Tserpes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-11
  • Total pages :403
  • ISBN : 9783030353469
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Summary : This book addresses the emerging needs of the aerospace industry by discussing recent developments and future trends of aeronautic materials. It is aimed at advancing existing materials and fostering the ability to develop novel materials with less weight, increased mechanical properties, more functionality, diverse manufacturing methods, and recyclability. The development of novel materials and multifunctional materials has helped to increase efficiency and safety, reduce costs, and decrease the environmental foot print of the aeronautical industry. In this book, integral metallic structures designed by disruptive concepts, including topology optimization and additive manufacturing, are highlighted.