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Inorganic and Composite Fibers

Inorganic and Composite Fibers
  • Author : Boris Mahltig,Yordan Kyosev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-18
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9780081022290
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Summary : Inorganic and Composite Fibers: Production, Properties, and Applications provides a comprehensive review on the development, production and application of modern inorganic and composite fibers. Particular emphasis is placed on current production processes, parameters and finishing and functionalization methods for improving their properties and the problems associated with the testing of fibers. Fibers covered include carbon, glass and basalt fibers, metal fibers, such as copper and steel, fibers coated with silver or gold, and nitinol. In addition to pure inorganic fibers, the book looks at organic fibers with a high level of inorganic content, such as cellulosic fibers. Including contributions from leading experts from universities, research institutes, and producing companies, this book assists materials scientists and engineers in the composites, automotive, textile and medical industries to more efficiently and effectively select fibers for a range of different applications areas. Presents a thorough introduction to inorganic fibers, such as carbon fiber and nanotubes, graphene, glass fibers, and many more, including the fundamentals of production, processing and finishing of each fiber type Includes coverage of a range of application areas of inorganic fibers to assist in product development Keeps researchers up-to-date by providing information on the latest developments in this field, thus supporting further research

Sustainable and Nonconventional Construction Materials using Inorganic Bonded Fiber Composites

Sustainable and Nonconventional Construction Materials using Inorganic Bonded Fiber Composites
  • Author : Holmer Savastano Junior,Juliano Fiorelli,Sergio Francisco Dos Santos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-13
  • Total pages :494
  • ISBN : 9780081020029
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Summary : Sustainable and Nonconventional Construction Materials Using Inorganic Bonded Fiber Composites presents a concise overview of non-conventional construction materials with a strong focus on alternative inorganic bonded fiber composites and their applications as construction components. It outlines the processing and characterization of non-conventional cementitious composites, which will be of great benefit to both academic and industrial professionals interested in research, development, and innovation on inorganic bonded fiber composites. The book gives a comprehensive review of the innovative research associated with building components based on inorganic bonded composites. Exploring both natural fibers as reinforcing elements and alternative inorganic binders based on agricultural and industrial wastes, this book also considers the performance and applications of fibrous composites as construction materials and components. Dedicated to analyzing recent developments in inorganic fiber composites research Discusses the broader subjects of processing, characterization, performance, and applications of non-conventional construction materials

Inorganic Fibres & Composite Materials

Inorganic Fibres & Composite Materials
  • Author : P. Bracke,H. Schurmans,J. Verhoest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781483293479
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Summary : A compendium of the current state-of-the-art in the technology of inorganic fibre manufacture and its use in the development of new high grade composite materials. Provides comprehensive information that is well in advance of industrial realization with invaluable insight relating to development and expected future trends. Specific entries are provided for the most important types of fibres known to date, each type discussed under manufacture, post-treatments, properties and uses. Also includes high quality photomicrographs, diagrams of the process techniques and molecular structures, bibliographical data, and helpful summaries in tabular form. Lists over 870 patent references.

Inorganic Composite Materials in Japan

Inorganic Composite Materials in Japan
  • Author : Michael J. Koczak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :53
  • ISBN : UOM:39015021853356
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Summary :

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites
  • Author : Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-21
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 0080530974
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Summary : The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites

Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites
  • Author : Qiuju Sun,Wu Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-18
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9781498700689
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Summary : Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications gives a comprehensive presentation of inorganic microcrystalline fibers, or whiskers, a polymer composite filler. It covers whisker synthesis, surface modification, applications for reinforcing polymer-matrix composites, and analysis of resulting filled polymer composites. It focuses on calcium carbonate whiskers as a primary case study, introducing surface treatment methods for calcium carbonate whiskers and factors that influence them. Along with calcium carbonate, the book discusses potassium titanate and aluminum borate whiskers, which also comprise the new generation of inorganic whiskers. According to research results, composites filled by inorganic whiskers show improved strength, wear-resistance, thermal conductivity, and antistatic properties. It explains the importance of modifying polymer materials for use with inorganic whiskers and describes preparation and evaluation methods of polymers filled with inorganic whiskers. The book also considers possible challenges and solutions in synthesis and applications of polymers filled with inorganic whiskers. It summarizes the latest practices and research progress in China and elsewhere. With much of its information being new outside of China, Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites calls attention to the excellent promise displayed by applications of inorganic whiskers. They have the potential for wide and durable application and also for further development. This book demonstrates their potential and presents current and future directions in polymer science and inorganic whiskers.

Inorganic Composite Materials in Japan

Inorganic Composite Materials in Japan
  • Author : Michael J. Koczak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :53
  • ISBN : OCLC:21539010
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Summary :

Advanced Inorganic Fibers

Advanced Inorganic Fibers
  • Author : Frederick T. Wallenberger,John B. MacChesney,Roger Naslain,Harold D. Ackler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-27
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781441987228
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Summary : F. T. Wallenberger This book serves as an introduction to advanced inorganic fibers and aims to support fundamental research, assist applied scientists and designers in industry, and facilitate materials science instruction in universities and colleges. Its three main sections deal with fibers which are derived from the vapor phase such as single crystal silicon whiskers or carbon nanotubes, from the liquid phase such as advanced glass and single crystal oxide fibers, and from solid precursor fibers such as carbon and ceramic fibers. Contents FIBERS FROM THE VAPOR, LIQUID AND SOLID PHASE 1.1 The most important phase isthe liquid phase 1.2 Afiber by any name isstill afiber 1.3 Biographic sketches ofthe authors 1.4 Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1 FIBERS FROM THE VAPOR, LIQUID AND SOLID PHASE F. T. Wallenberger The book describes advanced inorganic fibers, focuses on principles and concepts, analyzes experimental and commercial processes, and relates process variables to structures, structures tofiber properties and fiber properties to end-use performance. In principle, there are discontinuous or inherently short, and continuous or potentially endless, fibers. Short fibers range from asbestos fibers, which were described as early as 300 BC to carbon nanotubes which were discovered in 1991 [1] and have been fully described in 1999 [2].

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites
  • Author : J.L. Figueiredo,Carlos A. Bernardo,R.T.K. Baker,K.J. Hüttinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9789401568470
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Summary : Conventional synthetic materials, like metals, ceramics or glass, are usually isotropic substances, and their suitability for structural applications is achieved by morphological design and combination in the macroscopic scale. However, in modem engineering this is often not acceptable. As an alternative, the use of non-homogeneous, anisotropic materials, with significant stiffness and strength only in the directions these mechanical properties are really needed, can lead to enormous material (and weight) savings. This is the case of multiphase systems called composite materials. In these composites, different material parts are added and arranged geometrically, under clearly designed and controlled conditions. Usually, a structure of fibers provides strength and stiffness and a matrix helds them together, whilst providing the geometric form. Carbon fibers are among the high-performance fibers employed in these advanced structural composites, which are profoundly changing many of today's high technology industries. New research and development challenges in this area include upgrading the manufacturing process of fibers and composites, in order to improve characteristics and reduce costs, and modifying the interfacial properties between fibers and matrix, to guarantee better mechanical properties. The interdisciplinary nature of this "new frontier" is obvious, involving chemistry, materials science, chemical and mechanical engineering. Other topics, which more often are treated separately, are also important for the understanding of the processes of fiber production. Carbon filaments is one such topic, as the study of their mechanisms of nucleation and growth is clearly quite relevant to the production of vapour-grown carbon fibers.

Biofibers and Biopolymers for Biocomposites

Biofibers and Biopolymers for Biocomposites
  • Author : Anish Khan,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-20
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9783030403010
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Summary : This book summarizes recent developments in epoxy blends. It emphasizes new challenges for the synthesis, characterization, and properties of biofibers and biopolymers. It provides updates on all the important areas of biofibers and biopolymers in a comprehensive fashion, including synthesis, processing, characterisation and application. It provides a a one-stop reference for researchers and those working in industry and government. The book correlates macro, micro and nanostructure properties. Moreover, it provides cutting edge research from experts around the globe. The current status, trends, future directions and opportunities are discussed in detail, making the book also accessible for beginners to the subject and young researchers.

Inorganic-bonded Wood and Fiber Composite Materials

Inorganic-bonded Wood and Fiber Composite Materials
  • Author : A. A. Moslemi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-01-01
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 0935018891
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Summary :

Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers

Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers
  • Author : Gajanan Bhat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-21
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9780081005514
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Summary : Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers explores the relationship between the structure and properties of a wide range of high-performance fibers. Part I covers high-performance inorganic fibers, including glasses and ceramics, plus carbon fibers of various types. In Part II, high-performance synthetic polymer fibers are discussed, while Part III reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles. The high-performance properties of these fibers are related to their chemistry and morphology, as well as the ways in which they are synthesized and spun. High-performance fibers form the basis of textile materials with applications in protection, medicine, and composite reinforcement. Fibers are selected for these technical applications due to their advanced physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance inorganic, carbon, synthetic polymer, and natural fibers Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles

Buildings for Education

Buildings for Education
  • Author : Stefano Della Torre,Massimiliano Bocciarelli,Laura Daglio,Raffaella Neri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-01
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9783030336875
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Summary : This open access book presents theoretical and practical research relating to the vast, publicly financed program for the construction of new schools and the reorganization of existing educational buildings in Italy. This transformative process aims to give old buildings a fresh identity, to ensure that facilities are compliant with the new educational and teaching models, and to improve both energy efficiency and structural safety with respect to seismic activity. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which focuses on the social role of the school as a civic building that can serve the needs of the community. Innovations in both design and construction processes are then analyzed, paying special attention to the Building Information Modeling (BIM) strategy as a tool for the integration of different disciplines. The final section is devoted to the built heritage and tools, technologies, and approaches for the upgrading of existing buildings so that they meet the new regulations on building performance. The book will be of interest to all who wish to learn about the latest insights into the challenges posed by, and the opportunities afforded by, a comprehensive school building and renovation program.

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Interfaces

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Interfaces
  • Author : Marie Helene Delville,Andreas Taubert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-04
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9783527807123
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Summary : Hybrid organic-inorganic materials and the rational design of their interfaces open up the access to a wide spectrum of functionalities not achievable with traditional concepts of materials science. This innovative class of materials has a major impact in many application domains such as optics, electronics, mechanics, energy storage and conversion, protective coatings, catalysis, sensing and nanomedicine. The properties of these materials do not only depend on the chemical structure, and the mutual interaction between their nano-scale building blocks, but are also strongly influenced by the interfaces they share. This handbook focuses on the most recent investigations concerning the design, control, and dynamics of hybrid organic-inorganic interfaces, covering: (i) characterization methods of interfaces, (ii) innovative computational approaches and simulation of interaction processes, (iii) in-situ studies of dynamic aspects controlling the formation of these interfaces, and (iv) the role of the interface for process optimization, devices, and applications in such areas as optics, electronics, energy and medicine.

Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials

Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials
  • Author : Susheel Kalia,Yuvaraj Haldorai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-04
  • Total pages :385
  • ISBN : 9783319135939
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Summary : Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist.

Solid-state NMR Spectroscopy of Inorganic Materials

Solid-state NMR Spectroscopy of Inorganic Materials
  • Author : John J. Fitzgerald,American Chemical Society. Division of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Division Of Industrial,American Chemical Society. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : UOM:39015043093916
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Summary : This book strikes a balance between state-of-the-art solid-state NMR techniques and the applications of these techniques to problems in materials science. The applications focus on modern inorganic materials such as metal oxides, catalysts, zeolites, glasses, ceramics, semiconductors, ion conductors, superconductors, and composites. The book features chapters on multiple-quantum MAS NMR, dynamic-angle spinning NMR for quadrupolar nuclides, and two-dimensional NMR methods. It includes an introductory chapter that provides an a thorough and integrated overview of the field, complete with numerous references.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000066178637
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Summary :

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MSU:31293010869299
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Summary :

Polymeric and Inorganic Fibers

Polymeric and Inorganic Fibers
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-15
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 3540240160
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Summary : This series presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics and materials science. It is addressed to all scientists at universities and in industry who wish to keep abreast of advances in the topics covered. Impact Factor Ranking: Always number one in Polymer Science. More information as well as the electronic version of the whole content available at: www.springerlink.com

Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing

Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing
  • Author : Alain C. Pierre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :701
  • ISBN : 9783030381448
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Summary : This book presents a broad, general introduction to the processing of Sol-Gel technologies. This updated volume serves as a general handbook for researchers and students entering the field. This new edition provides updates in fields that have undergone rapid developments, such as Ceramics, Catalysis, Chromatropgraphy, biomaterials, glass science, and optics. It provides a simple, compact resource that can also be used in graduate-level materials science courses.

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
  • Author : Andreas Mortensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-08
  • Total pages :1050
  • ISBN : 0080524621
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Summary : Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in composite materials made from polymers, metals, ceramics, carbon, biocomposites, nanocomposites, wood, cement, fibers, etc. Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the essentials of composite materials, including recent updates Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field Enables rapid reference; extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature Covers areas of active research, such as biomaterials and porous materials