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Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management
  • Author : David W. Onstad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780123972330
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Summary : Neither pest management nor resistance management can occur with only an understanding of pest biology. For years, entomologists have understood, with their use of economic thresholds, that at least a minimal use of economics was necessary for proper integrated pest management. IRM is even more complicated and dependent on understanding and using socioeconomic factors. The new edition of Insect Resistance Management addresses these issues and much more. Many new ideas, facts and case studies have been developed since the previous edition of Insect Resistance Management published. With a new chapter focusing on Resistance Mechanisms Related to Plant-incorporated Toxins and heavily expanded revisions of several existing chapters, this new volume will be an invaluable resource for IRM researchers, practitioners, professors and advanced students. Authors in this edition include professors at major universities, leaders in the chemical and seed industry, evolutionary biologists and active IRM practitioners. This revision also contains more information about IRM outside North America, and a modeling chapter contains a large new section on uncertainty analysis, a subject recently emphasized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The final chapter contains a section on insecticidal seed treatments. No other book has the breadth of coverage of Insect Resistance Management, 2e. It not only covers molecular to economic issues, but also transgenic crops, seed treatments and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Major themes continuing from the first edition include the importance of using IRM in the integrated pest management paradigm, the need to study and account for pest behavior, and the influence of human behavior and decision making in IRM. Provides insights from the history of insect resistance management (IRM) to the latest science Includes contributions from experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues Offers biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an emphasis on recent research Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management
  • Author : A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-26
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 9783319318004
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Summary : This book covers advanced concepts and creative ideas with regard to insect biorational control and insecticide resistance management. Some chapters present and summarize general strategies or tactics for managing insect pests such as the principles of IPM in various crop systems and biorational control of insect pests, advances in organic farming, alternative strategies for controlling orchard and field-crop pests. Other chapters cover alternative methods for controlling pests such as disruption of insect reproductive systems and utilization of semiochemicals and diatomaceous earth formulations, and developing bioacoustic methods for mating disruption. Another part is devoted to insecticide resistance: mechanisms and novel approaches for managing insect resistance in agriculture and in public health.

Insecticides Resistance

Insecticides Resistance
  • Author : Stanislav Trdan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-02
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9789535122586
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Summary : This book contains 20 chapters, which are divided into 5 sections. Section 1 covers different aspects of insecticide resistance of selected economically important plant insect pests, whereas section 2 includes chapters about the importance, development and insecticide resistance management in controlling malaria vectors. Section 3 is dedicated to some general questions in insecticide resistance, while the main topic of section 4 is biochemical approaches of insecticide resistance mechanisms. Section 5 covers ecologically acceptable approaches for overcoming insecticide resistance, such are the use of mycoinsecticides, and understanding the role of some plant chemical compounds, which are important in interactions between plants, their pests and biological control agents.

Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management
  • Author : David W. Onstad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-05
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0080554172
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Summary : Insects, mites, and ticks have a long history of evolving resistance to pesticides, host-plant resistance, crop rotation, pathogens, and parasitoids. Insect resistance management (IRM) is the scientific approach to preventing or delaying pest evolution and its negative impacts on agriculture, public health, and veterinary issues. This book provides entomologists, pest management practitioners, developers of new technologies, and regulators with information about the many kinds of pest resistance including behavioral and phenological resistance. Abstract concepts and various case studies provide the reader with the biological and economic knowledge required to manage resistance. No other source has the breadth of coverage of this book: genomics to economics, transgenic insecticidal crops, insecticides, and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Dr. David W. Onstad and a team of experts illustrate how IRM becomes efficient, effective and socially acceptable when local, social and economic aspects of the system are considered. Historical lessons are highlighted with new perspectives emphasized, so that future research and management may be informed by past experience, but not constrained by it. * First book in 15 years to provide the history and explore aspects of a variety of stakeholders * Contributors include experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues * Biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an mphasis on past 15 years of research including Cry proteins in transgenic crops * Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Exam Prep for: Insect Resistance Management

Exam Prep for: Insect Resistance Management
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty
  • Author : Nicholas A. Linacre and Colin J. Thompson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Pesticides in Crop Production: Physiological and Biochemical Action

Pesticides in Crop Production: Physiological and Biochemical Action
  • Author : Prabhat Kumar Srivastava,Vijay Pratap Singh,Anita Singh,Durgesh K. Tripathi,Samiksha Singh,Sheo Mohan Prasad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-06
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781119432197
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Summary : A guide to the diversity of pesticides used in modern agricultural practices, and the relevant social and environmental issues Pesticides in Crop Production offers an important resource that explores pesticide action in plants; pesticide metabolism in soil microbes, plants and animals; bioaccumulation of pesticides and sensitiveness of microbiome towards pesticides. The authors explore pesticide risk assessment, the development of pesticide resistance in pests, microbial remediation of pesticide intoxicated legumes and pesticide toxicity amelioration in plants by plant hormones. The authors include information on eco-friendly pest management. They review the impact of pesticides on soil microorganism, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and terrestrial animals including human beings. The book also contains an analysis of pesticide by GC-MS/MS (Gas Chromatography tandem Mass Spectrometry) a reliable method for the quantification and confirmation of multiclass pesticide residues. This important book: Offers a comprehensive guide to the use of the diversity of pesticides and the pertinent social and environmental issues Explores the impact of pesticides from morphological, anatomical, physiological and biochemical perspectives Shows how pesticides affects soil microorganisms, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and animals Critically examines whether chemical pesticides are boon or bane and whether they can be replaced by environmental friendly pesticides Written for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture, botany, entomology and biotechnology, Pesticides in Crop Production examines the effects of chemical pesticides and the feasibility of using bio-pesticides.

Pesticide Resistance

Pesticide Resistance
  • Author : National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Strategies for the Management of Pesticide Resistant Pest Populations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986-02-01
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780309036276
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Summary : Based on a symposium sponsored by the Board on Agriculture, this comprehensive book explores the problem of pesticide resistance; suggests new approaches to monitor, control, or prevent resistance; and identifies the changes in public policy necessary to protect crops and human health from the ravages of pests. The volume synthesizes the most recent information from a wide range of disciplines, including entomology, genetics, plant pathology, biochemistry, economics, and public policy. It also suggests research avenues that would indicate how to counter future problems. A glossary provides the reader with additional guidance.

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects
  • Author : David W Onstad,Philip Crain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-02
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9781786393678
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Summary : The book begins by establishing an economic framework upon which to apply the principles of IPM. Then, it looks at the entomological applications of economics, specifically, economic analyses concerning chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic control tactics as well as host plant resistance and the cost of sampling. Lastly it evaluates whether the control provided by a traditional IPM system is sufficient, or if changes to the system design would yield greater benefits.

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs
  • Author : Jörg Romeis,Anthony M. Shelton,George Kennedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-01
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 9781402083730
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Summary : Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Pesticide Resistance in Arthropods

Pesticide Resistance in Arthropods
  • Author : Richard Roush,Bruce E. Tabashnik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781468464290
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Summary : Bruce E. Tabashnik and Richard T. Roush Pesticide resistance is an increasingly urgent worldwide problem. Resistance to one or more pesticides has been documented in more than 440 species of insects and mites. Resistance in vectors of human dise8se, particularly malaria-transmit ting mosquitoes, is a serious threat to public health in many nations. Agricultural productivity is jeopardized because of widespread resistance in crop and livestock pests. Serious resistance problems are also evident in pests of the urban environ ment, most notably cockroaches. Better understanding of pesticide resistance is needed to devise techniques for managing resistance (Le. , slowing, preventing, or reversing development of resistance in pests and promoting it in beneficial natural enemies). At the same time, resistance is a dramatic example of evolution. Knowledge of resistance can thus provide fundamental insights into evolution, genetics, physiology, and ecology. Resistance management can help to reduce the harmful effects of pesticides by decreasing rates of pesticide use and prolonging the efficacy of environmentally safe pesticides. In response to resistance problems, the concentration or frequency of pesticide applications is often increased. Effective resistance management would reduce this type of increased pesticide use. Improved monitoring of resis tance would also decrease the number of ineffective pesticide applications that are made when a resistance problem exists but has not been diagnosed. Resistance often leads to replacement of one pesticide with another that is more expensive and less compatible with alternative controls.

Bt Resistance

Bt Resistance
  • Author : Mario Soberon,Yulin Gao,Alejandra Bravo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-24
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : 9781780644370
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Summary : Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) bacteria use Cry proteins to kill their insect larval hosts. The expression of certain Cry toxins in transgenic crops has been widely used to achieve efficient control of insect pests. This book describes the use of Bt crops and the emerging problem of resistance, recent progress in understanding the mechanism of action of Bt toxins, different resistance mechanisms and strategies to cope with resistance in the field. It describes resistant insects found in the field in different countries, particularly in the developing world, and ways to counter resistance such as gene stalking, refuges, modified toxins and gene discovery of novel toxins with different mode of action.

Towards Malaria Elimination

Towards Malaria Elimination
  • Author : Sylvie Manguin,Vas Dev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-18
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9781789235500
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Summary : Towards Malaria Elimination - A Leap Forward was started to mark the occasion for renewed commitment to end malaria transmission for good (the WHO's call for "Malaria Free World" by 2030). This book is dedicated for the benefit of researchers, scientists, program and policy managers, students and anyone interested in malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases with the goal of sharing recent information on success stories, innovative control approaches and challenges in different regions of the world. Some main issues that emerged included multidrug-resistant malaria and pandemic risk, vaccines, cross-border malaria, asymptomatic parasite reservoir, the threat of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium knowlesi, insecticide resistance in Anopheles vectors and outdoor malaria transmission. This book is one little step forward to bring together in 17 chapters the experiences of malaria-expert researchers from five continents to present updated information on disease epidemiology and control at the national/regional level, highlighting the constraints, challenges, accomplishments and prospects of malaria elimination.

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs
  • Author : Jörg Romeis,Anthony M. Shelton,George Kennedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-01
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 9781402083730
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Summary : Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Pest Resistance to Pesticides

Pest Resistance to Pesticides
  • Author : G. P. Georghiou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :810
  • ISBN : 9781468444667
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Summary : The development of resistance to pesticides is generally acknowledged as one of the most serious obstacles to effective pest control today. Since house flies first developed resistance to DDT in 1946, more than 428 species of arthropods, at least 91 species of plant pathogens, five species of noxious weeds and two species of nematodes were reported to have developed strains resistant to on~ or more pesticides. A seminar of U. S. and Japanese scientists was held in Palm Springs, California, during December 3-7, 1979, under the U. S. -Japan Cooperative Science Program, in order to evaluate the status of research on resistance and to discuss directions for future emphasis. A total of 32 papers were presented under three principal topics: Origins and Dynamics of Resistance (6), Mechanisms of Resistance (18), and Suppression and Management of Resistance (8). The seminar was unique in that it brought together for the first time researchers from the disciplines of entomology, plant pathology and weed science for a comprehensive discussion of this common problem. Significant advances have been identified in (a) the development of methods for detection and monitoring of resistance in arthropods (electrophoresis, diagnostic dosage tests) and plant pathogens, (b) research on biochemical and physiological mechanisms of resis tance (cytochrome p450, sensitivity of target site, gene regulation), (c) the identification and quantification of biotic, genetic and operational factors influencing the evolution of resistance, and (d) the exploration of pest management approaches incorporating resis tance-delaying measures.

Insect Pest Management

Insect Pest Management
  • Author : Jack E. Rechcigl,Nancy A. Rechcigl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-27
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 1439822689
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Summary : Insect pest control continues to be a challenge for agricultural producers and researchers. Insect resistance to commonly used pesticides and the removal of toxic pesticides from the market have taken their toll on the ability of agricultural producers to produce high quality, pest-free crops within economical means. In addition to this, they must not endanger their workers or the environment. We depend on agriculture for food, feed, and fiber, making it an essential part of our economy. Many people take agriculture for granted while voicing concern over adverse effects of agricultural production practices on the environment. Insect Pest Management presents a balanced overview of environmentally safe and ecologically sound practices for managing insects. This book covers specific ecological measures, environmentally acceptable physical control measures, use of chemical pesticides, and a detailed account of agronomic and other cultural practices. It also includes a chapter on state-of-the-art integrated pest management based, a section on biological control, and lastly a section devoted to legal and legislative issues. Insect Pest Management approaches its subject in a systematic and comprehensive manner. It serves as a useful resource for professionals in the fields of entomology, agronomy, horticulture, ecology, and environmental sciences, as well as to agricultural producers, industrial chemists, and people concerned with regulatory and legislative issues.

Insect Resistant Maize for Africa, Annual Report 2000

Insect Resistant Maize for Africa, Annual Report 2000
  • Author : International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center,Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-01
  • Total pages :108
  • ISBN : 9789706480828
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Summary :

Integrated Management of Insects in Stored Products

Integrated Management of Insects in Stored Products
  • Author : Bhadriraju Subramanyam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-09-08
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 0824795229
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Summary : This work offers a comprehensive presentation of the identification, biology, ecology and sampling of insect pests in stored foods, and provides a balanced ciew of the biological, physical and chemical control methods used in pest management. It furnishes step-by-step procedures for creating individually tailored integrated pest management programmes. Every available method of control is covered.

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security
  • Author : Omkar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :762
  • ISBN : 9780128032664
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Summary : Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security explores the broad range of opportunity and challenges afforded by Integrated Pest Management systems. The book focuses on the insect resistance that has developed as a result of pest control chemicals, and how new methods of environmentally complementary pest control can be used to suppress harmful organisms while protecting the soil, plants, and air around them. As the world’s population continues its rapid increase, this book addresses the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits, and other foods and their subsequent demand increase. Traditional means of food crop production face proven limitations and increasing research is turning to alternative means of crop growth and protection. Addresses environmentally focused pest control with specific attention to its role in food security and sustainability. Includes a range of pest management methods, from natural enemies to biomolecules. Written by experts with extensive real-world experience.

Biochemical Sites of Insecticide Action and Resistance

Biochemical Sites of Insecticide Action and Resistance
  • Author : Isaac Ishaaya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9783642595493
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Summary : In recent years many of the conventional methods of insect control by broad spectrum synthetic chemicals have come under scrutiny because of their unde sirable effects on human health and the environment. In addition, some classes of pesticide chemistry, which generated resistance problems and severely affected the environment, are no longer used. It is against this background that the authors of this book present up-to-date findings-relating to biochemical sites that can serve as targets for developing insecticides with selective prop erties, and as the basis for the elucidation of resistance mechanisms and countermeasures. The book consists of eight chapters relating to biochemical targets for insec ticide action and seven chapters relating to biochemical modes of resistance and countermeasures. The authors of the chapters are world leaders in pesti cide chemistry, biochemical modes of action and mechanisms of resistance. Biochemical sites such as chitin formation, juvenile hormone and ecdysone receptors, acetylcholine and GABA receptors, ion channels, and neuropeptides are potential targets for insecticide action. The progress made in recent years in molecular biology (presented in depth in this volume) has led to the iden tification of genes that confer mechanisms of resistance, such as increased detoxification, decreased penetration and insensitive target sites. A combina tion of factors can lead to potentiation of the resistance level. Classifications of these mechanisms are termed gene amplification, changes in structural genes, and modification of gene expression.

Insect Resistant Maize

Insect Resistant Maize
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9686923799
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Summary : Mechanisms and bases of resistance; The genetics of resistance; Biotechnological manipulation of resistance; Advances in techniques, rearing, rating bioassays, mechanism detection; Resistance verification and utilization; Country reports.