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Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment

Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Rouzbeh Abbassi,Asheesh Kumar Yadav,Faisal Khan,Vikram Garaniya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-27
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780128174937
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Summary : Current wastewater treatment technologies are not sustainable simply due to their high operational costs and process inefficiency. Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment is intended for professionals who are searching for an innovative method to improve the efficiencies of wastewater treatment processes by exploiting the potential of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) technology. The book is broadly divided into four sections. It begins with an overview of the "state of the art" bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) as well as the fundamentals of MFC technology and its potential to enhance wastewater treatment efficiencies and reduce electricity generation cost. In section two, discusses the integration, installation, and optimization of MFC into conventional wastewater treatment processes such as activated sludge process, lagoons, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors. Section three outlines integrations of MFCs into other wastewater processes. The final section provides explorative studies of MFC integrated systems for large scale wastewater treatment and the challenges which are inherent in the upscaling process. Clearly describes the latest techniques for integrating MFC into traditional wastewater treatment processes such as activated sludge process, lagoons, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors Discusses the fundamentals of bioelectrochemical systems for degrading the contaminants from the municipal and industrial wastewater Covers methods for the optimization of integrated systems

Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Alexandros I. Stefanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-20
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9781119268345
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Summary : A groundbreaking book on the application of the economic and environmentally effective treatment of industrial wastewater Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment contains a review of the state-of-the-art applications of constructed wetland technology for industrial wastewater treatment. This green technology offers many economic, environmental, and societal advantages. The text examines the many unique uses and the effectiveness of constructed wetlands for the treatment of complex and heavily polluted wastewater from various industrial sources. The editor — a noted expert in the field — and the international author team (93 authors from 22 countries) present vivid examples of the current state of constructed wetlands in the industrial sector. The text is filled with international case studies and research outcomes and covers a wide range of applications of these sustainable systems including facilities such as the oil and gas industry, agro-industries, paper mills, pharmaceutical industry, textile industry, winery, brewery, sludge treatment and much more. The book reviews the many system setups, examines the different removal and/or transformational processes of the various pollutants and explores the overall effectiveness of this burgeoning technology. This important resource: Offers the first, groundbreaking text on constructed wetlands use for industrial wastewater treatment Provides a single reference with summarized information and the state-of-the-art knowledge of the use of Constructed Wetlands in the industrial sector through case studies, research outcomes and review chapters Covers a range of industrial applications such as hydrocarbons/oil and gas industry, food and beverage, wood and leather processing, agro-industries, pharmaceuticals and many others Includes best practices drawn by a collection of international case studies Presents the latest technological developments in the industry Written for civil and environmental engineers, sustainable wastewater/water managers in industry and government, Constructed Wetlands for Industrial Wastewater Treatment is the first book to offer a comprehensive review of the set-up and effectiveness of constructed wetlands for a wide range of industrial applications to highlight the diverse economic and environmental benefits this technology brings to the industry.

Microbial Electrochemical Technologies

Microbial Electrochemical Technologies
  • Author : Sonia M. Tiquia-Arashiro,Deepak Pant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-20
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9780429944994
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Summary : This book encompasses the most updated and recent account of research and implementation of Microbial Electrochemical Technologies (METs) from pioneers and experienced researchers in the field who have been working on the interface between electrochemistry and microbiology/biotechnology for many years. It provides a holistic view of the METs, detailing the functional mechanisms, operational configurations, influencing factors governing the reaction process and integration strategies. The book not only provides historical perspectives of the technology and its evolution over the years but also the most recent examples of up-scaling and near future commercialization, making it a must-read for researchers, students, industry practitioners and science enthusiasts. Key Features: Introduces novel technologies that can impact the future infrastructure at the water-energy nexus. Outlines methodologies development and application of microbial electrochemical technologies and details out the illustrations of microbial and electrochemical concepts. Reviews applications across a wide variety of scales, from power generation in the laboratory to approaches. Discusses techniques such as molecular biology and mathematical modeling; the future development of this promising technology; and the role of the system components for the implementation of bioelectrochemical technologies for practical utility. Explores key challenges for implementing these systems and compares them to similar renewable energy technologies, including their efficiency, scalability, system lifetimes, and reliability.

Treatment Wetlands

Treatment Wetlands
  • Author : Gabriela Dotro,Guenter Langergraber,Pascal Molle,Jaime Nivala,Jaume Puigagut,Otto Stein,Marcos Von Sperling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-15
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9781780408767
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Summary : Contents: Overview of Treatment Wetlands; Fundamentals of Treatment Wetlands; Horizontal Flow Wetlands; Vertical Flow Wetlands; French Vertical Flow Wetlands; Intensified and Modified Wetlands; Free Water Surface Wetlands; Other Applications; Additional Aspects.

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells
  • Author : Patit Paban Kundu,Kingshuk Dutta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-07
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780444640185
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Summary : Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells provides an in-depth analysis of the fundamentals, working principles, applications and advancements (including commercialization aspects) made in the field of Microbial Fuel Cells research, with critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world. Microbial Fuel cell, as a potential alternative energy harnessing device, has been progressing steadily towards fruitful commercialization. Involvements of electrolyte membranes and catalysts have been two of the most critical factors toward achieving this progress. Added applications of MFCs in areas of bio-hydrogen production and wastewater treatment have made this technology extremely attractive and important. . Reviews and compares MFCs with other alternative energy harnessing devices, particularly in comparison to other fuel cells. Analyses developments of electrolyte membranes, electrodes, catalysts and biocatalysts as critical components of MFCs, responsible for their present and future progress. Includes commercial aspects of MFCs in terms of (i) generation of electricity, (ii) microbial electrolysis cell, (iii) microbial desalination cell, and (iv) wastewater and sludge treatment.

Bioelectrochemical Systems

Bioelectrochemical Systems
  • Author : Korneel Rabaey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9781843392330
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Summary : In the context of wastewater treatment, Bioelectrochemical Systems (BESs) have gained considerable interest in the past few years, and several BES processes are on the brink of application to this area. This book, written by a large number of world experts in the different sub-topics, describes the different aspects and processes relevant to their development. Bioelectrochemical Systems (BESs) use micro-organisms to catalyze an oxidation and/or reduction reaction at an anodic and cathodic electrode respectively. Briefly, at an anode oxidation of organic and inorganic electron donors can occur. Prime examples of such electron donors are waste organics and sulfides. At the cathode, an electron acceptor such as oxygen or nitrate can be reduced. The anode and the cathode are connected through an electrical circuit. If electrical power is harvested from this circuit, the system is called a Microbial Fuel Cell; if electrical power is invested, the system is called a Microbial Electrolysis Cell. The overall framework of bio-energy and bio-fuels is discussed. A number of chapters discuss the basics - microbiology, microbial ecology, electrochemistry, technology and materials development. The book continues by highlighting the plurality of processes based on BES technology already in existence, going from wastewater based reactors to sediment based bio-batteries. The integration of BESs into existing water or process lines is discussed. Finally, an outlook is provided of how BES will fit within the emerging biorefinery area.

Integrating Microbial Fuel Cells Into Rotating Biological Contactor Systems for Simultaneous Wastewater Treatment and Electricity Generation

Integrating Microbial Fuel Cells Into Rotating Biological Contactor Systems for Simultaneous Wastewater Treatment and Electricity Generation
  • Author : Rassil Rasheed Sayess
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : OCLC:788246496
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Summary : The simultaneous treatment of wastewater and generation of electricity using single-chamber, two-chamber, and stacked-cell microbial fuel cell configurations are well-documented in the literature. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the possibility of integrating microbial fuel cells into existing wastewater treatment configurations (e.g. sequencing batch reactors and membrane systems) for simultaneous removal of carbonaceous and nitrogenous pollutants and electricity production from wastewater. Rotating biological contactors are important biofilm processes used for organic carbon removal and nitrification that microbial fuel cells could be integrated into. The objective of this study was to test the possibility of integrating microbial fuel cells into rotating biological contactor systems for COD removal and nitrification and electricity generation from wastewater. To achieve this objective, two three-stage rotating biological contactor units (RBC and RBC-MFC) were constructed. The RBC-MFC was operated in a closed-circuit mode while the RBC was used as a control (open circuit). The anode was made of carbon fiber brush that extended along the bottom of each stage. Each stage had a horizontal graphite shaft on which eight carbon felt cathode discs were mounted. Six experimental runs were conducted to test the effect of the hydraulic loading rate, COD/N ratio and step-feeding conditions on organic carbon and ammonia removal on both units. Although the system needs to be optimized to generate higher voltage outputs and current densities, this study showed the possibility of integrating microbial fuel cells into rotating biological contactor systems with efficient removal of both COD and ammonia.

Microbial Fuel Cell Technology for Bioelectricity

Microbial Fuel Cell Technology for Bioelectricity
  • Author : Venkataraman Sivasankar,Prabhakaran Mylsamy,Kiyoshi Omine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-02
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9783319929040
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Summary : In view of the increased consumption of energy due to the proliferation of electronic devices, this book addresses the trends, similarities, differences and advances in fuel cells of both chemical and biological composition. Fundamentals of microbial fuel cells are described, accompanied by details surrounding their uses and limitations. Chapters on electricigens, microbial group investigations and performance, Rumen Fluid microbes and state-of-the-art advances in microbial fuel cell technology are discussed. The book elaborates upon analytical techniques used for biofilm characterization. It also includes chapters on MFC models that include plant-based MFCs, Algal/Fungi MFCs, MDCs and MFCs using animal waste. A critical review on the performance of MFC technology in field trials is offered in an exclusively dedicated section. By addressing one of the most promising sources for clean and renewable energy, this book fills a pressing need to understand a possible solution for meeting the energy demands in our highly advanced technical world.

Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering

Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,J. A. Labrincha,M. V. Diamanti,C.-P. Yu,H. K. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-16
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 9783319092874
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Summary : Putting forward an innovative approach to solving current technological problems faced by human society, this book encompasses a holistic way of perceiving the potential of natural systems. Nature has developed several materials and processes which both maintain an optimal performance and are also totally biodegradable, properties which can be used in civil engineering. Delivering the latest research findings to building industry professionals and other practitioners, as well as containing information useful to the public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as an important tool to tackle the challenges of a more sustainable construction industry and the future of buildings.

Microbial Fuel Cells

Microbial Fuel Cells
  • Author : Inamuddin,Mohammad Faraz Ahmer,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-15
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9781644900116
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Summary : Microbial fuel cells are very promising as renewable energy sources. They are based on the direct conversion of organic or inorganic materials to electricity by utilizing microorganisms as catalysts. These cells are well suited for applications that require only low power, e.g. ultracapacitors, toys, electronic gadgets, meteorological buoys, remote sensors, digital wristwatches, smartphones and hardware in space and robots. In addition to electricity generation, microbial fuel cells can be used for wastewater treatment, desalination and biofuel production. The book addresses characterization techniques and operating conditions of microbial fuel cells, as well as the usefulness of various types of anode and cathode materials.

Microbial Fuel Cells 2018

Microbial Fuel Cells 2018
  • Author : Jung Rae Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-17
  • Total pages :84
  • ISBN : 9783039215355
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Summary : The rapid growth of global energy consumption and simultaneous waste discharge requires more sustainable energy production and waste disposal/recovery technology. In this respect, microbial fuel cell and bioelectrochemical systems have been highlighted to provide a platform for waste-to-energy and cost-efficient treatment. Microbial fuel cell technology has also contributed to both academia and industry through the development of breakthrough sustainable technologies, enabling cross- and multi-disciplinary approaches in microbiology, biotechnology, electrochemistry, and bioprocess engineering. To further spread these technologies and to help the implementation of microbial fuel cells, this Special Issue, entitled “Microbial Fuel Cells 2018”, was proposed for the international journal Energies. This Special Issue mainly covers original research and studies related to the above-mentioned topic, including, but not limited to, bioelectricity generation, microbial electrochemistry, useful resource recovery, system and process design, and the implementation of microbial fuel cells.

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells
  • Author : Keith Scott,Eileen Hao Yu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-25
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9781782423966
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Summary : Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications contains the most updated information on bio-electrical systems and their ability to drive an electrical current by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature to produce a small amount of power. One of the most promising features of the microbial fuel cell is its application to generate power from wastewater, and its use in the treatment of water to remove contaminants, making it a very sustainable source of power generation that can feasibly find application in rural areas where providing more conventional sources of power is often difficult. The book explores, in detail, both the technical aspects and applications of this technology, and was written by an international team of experts in the field who provide an introduction to microbial fuel cells that looks at their electrochemical principles and mechanisms, explains the materials that can be used for the various sections of the fuel cells, including cathode and anode materials, and provides key analysis of microbial fuel cell performance looking at their usage in hydrogen production, waste treatment, and sensors, amongst other applications. Includes coverage of the types and principles of electrochemical cells Provides information on the construction of fuel cells and appropriate materials Presents the latest on this renewable source of energy and the process for the treatment of waste water

Treatment of Sewage (Domestic Wastewater Or Municipal Wastewater) and Electricity Production by Integrating Constructed Wetland with Microbial Fuel Cell

Treatment of Sewage (Domestic Wastewater Or Municipal Wastewater) and Electricity Production by Integrating Constructed Wetland with Microbial Fuel Cell
  • Author : Maitreyie Narayan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1154292068
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Summary : Proper treatment of wastewater is important to human health and societal development, and the commonly applied wastewater treatment technologies based on aerobic treatment have a significant demand for energy. Thus, new treatment technologies with low energy consumption and possible recovery of valuable resources (e.g., energy and water) from wastewater become of strong interest. Among the newly developed concepts, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) integrated with constructed wetland appear to be very attractive because of direct electricity generation from organic compounds and treatment of wastewater. Constructed wetland coupled with microbial fuel cell (CW-MFC) is an emerging technology in recent years and has attracted a lot of attention from researchers in the fields of wastewater treatment and bioenergy production. CW-MFC is a promising technology in the fields of wastewater treatment and bioenergy. However, at current power levels, the advantage of combining the two is mainly because of the enhancement of wastewater treatment in anaerobic zones within the wetland. New operational strategies need to be explored to increase and utilize electricity output.

Activated Carbon for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Activated Carbon for Water and Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Ferhan Cecen,Özgür Aktas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-19
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9783527639458
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Summary : This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and develoment. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.

EKC 2009 Proceedings of EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology

EKC 2009 Proceedings of EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology
  • Author : Joung Hwan Lee,Habin Lee,Jung-Sik Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-17
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 3642136249
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Summary : Current research fields in science and technology were presented and discussed at the EKC2008, informing about the interests and directions of the scientists and engineers in EU countries and Korea. The Conference has emerged from the idea of bringing together EU and Korea to get to know each other better, especially in fields of science and technology. The focus of the conference is put on the topics: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering, Information and Communications Technology, Life and Natural Sciences, Energy and Environmental Technology.

Microbial Fuel Cell

Microbial Fuel Cell
  • Author : Debabrata Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-01
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9783319667935
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Summary : This book represents a novel attempt to describe microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as a renewable energy source derived from organic wastes. Bioelectricity is usually produced through MFCs in oxygen-deficient environments, where a series of microorganisms convert the complex wastes into electrons via liquefaction through a cascade of enzymes in a bioelectrochemical process. The book provides a detailed description of MFC technologies and their applications, along with the theories underlying the electron transfer mechanisms, the biochemistry and the microbiology involved, and the material characteristics of the anode, cathode and separator. It is intended for a broad audience, mainly undergraduates, postgraduates, energy researchers, scientists working in industry and at research organizations, energy specialists, policymakers, and anyone else interested in the latest developments concerning MFCs.

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies
  • Author : Xuan-Thanh Bui,Chart Chiemchaisri,Takahiro Fujioka,Sunita Varjani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-07
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 9789811332593
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Summary : This book discusses major technological advances in the treatment and re-use of wastewater. Its focus is on both novel treatment strategies and the modifications and adaptions of conventional processes to optimize the treatment of a complex variety of pollutants, including organic matter, chemicals and micropollutants in different water resources, as well as the integration of water treatment with bioelectricity production. Written by leading researchers in the field, it will be of interest to a wide range of researchers in both industry and academia.

Biological Sludge Minimization and Biomaterials/Bioenergy Recovery Technologies

Biological Sludge Minimization and Biomaterials/Bioenergy Recovery Technologies
  • Author : Etienne Paul,Yu Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-30
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781118309681
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Summary : A comprehensive guide to sludge management, reuse, anddisposal When wastewater is treated, reducing organic material to carbondioxide, water, and bacterial cells—the cells are disposed of,producing a semisolid and nutrient-rich byproduct called sludge.The expansion in global population and industrial activity hasturned the production of excess sludge into an internationalenvironmental challenge, with the ultimate disposal of excesssludge now one of the most expensive problems faced by wastewaterfacilities. Written by two leading environmental engineers, BiologicalSludge Minimization and Biomaterials/Bioenergy RecoveryTechnologies offers a comprehensive look at cutting-edgetechniques for reducing sludge production, converting sludge into avalue-added material, recovering useful resources from sludge, andsludge incineration. Reflecting the impact of new stringentenvironmental legislation, this book offers a frank appraisal ofhow sludge can be realistically managed, covering key concerns andthe latest tools: Fundamentals of biological processes for wastewater treatment,wastewater microbiology, and microbial metabolism, essential tounderstanding how sludge is produced Prediction of primary sludge and waste-activated sludgeproduction, among the chief design and operational challenges of awastewater treatment plant Technologies for sludge reduction, with a focus on reducingmicrobial growth yield as well as enhancing sludgedisintegration The use of anerobic digestion of sewage sludge for biogasrecovery, in terms of process fundamentals, design, andoperation The use of the microbial fuel cell (MFC) system for thesustainable treatment of organic wastes and electrical energyrecovery

Environmental Biotechnology Vol. 2

Environmental Biotechnology Vol. 2
  • Author : K. M. Gothandam,Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-01
  • Total pages :251
  • ISBN : 9783030381967
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Summary : This book provides the technological insight on biorefinery and nanoremediation and provides comprehensive reviews on applications of Biochar for environmental sustainability. Critical review on biosurfectants in food applications as well as sustainable agricultural practices has also been provided in this book. It also highlights the microbial-omics and microRNAs for protecting ecotoxicity. Overall, this book provides critical as well as comprehensive chapters on wastewater treatment using different technologies.

Food Waste to Valuable Resources

Food Waste to Valuable Resources
  • Author : Rajesh Banu,Gopalakrishnan Kumar,Gunasekaran M.,Kavitha S.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-28
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9780128183540
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Summary : Food Waste to Valuable Resources: Applications and Management compiles current information pertaining to food waste, placing particular emphasis on the themes of food waste management, biorefineries, valuable specialty products and technoeconomic analysis. Following its introduction, this book explores new valuable resource technologies, the bioeconomy, the technoeconomical evaluation of food-waste-based biorefineries, and the policies and regulations related to a food-waste-based economy. It is an ideal reference for researchers and industry professionals working in the areas of food waste valorization, food science and technology, food producers, policymakers and NGOs, environmental technologists, environmental engineers, and students studying environmental engineering, food science, and more. Presents recent advances, trends and challenges related to food waste valorization Contains invaluable knowledge on of food waste management, biorefineries, valuable specialty products and technoeconomic analysis Highlights modern advances and applications of food waste bioresources in various products’ recovery

Nitrification and Denitrification

Nitrification and Denitrification
  • Author : Ivan Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-05
  • Total pages :120
  • ISBN : 9789535132998
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Summary : Nitrification and denitrification are essential processes for aquatic ecological system and vital for human health. While ammonia is applied for disinfection together with chlorine to produce chloramine, excessive ammonia may cause nitrification and bacteria growth in water transmission pipeline. Since excessive discharge may cause eutrophication and deterioration of aquatic system, nitrate is regulated for wastewater discharge in sensitive areas. Further, nitrate needs to be monitored and controlled in drinking water treatment to protect against methemoglobinemia in bottle-fed infants.