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Interpreting Bone Lesions and Pathology for Forensic Practice

Interpreting Bone Lesions and Pathology for Forensic Practice
  • Author : Lucie Biehler-Gomez,Cristina Cattaneo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-14
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780323853347
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Summary : Interpreting Bone Lesions and Pathology for Forensic Practice presents a concise description of the necessary steps for the differential diagnosis of disease and trauma on skeletal remains. Information obtained from the pathological reactions of bone can be fundamental for forensic dilemmas, ranging from identification to understanding trauma. The book's authors aim to provide reliable tools for the appropriate interpretation of lesions on bone through macroscopic, radiological, histological and biomolecular analyses on skeletal remains. Provides tools for the proper interpretation of bone pathology and lesions Presents content that is based on modern and documented case studies Includes bone pathological reactions that are crucial for interpreting trauma

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
  • Author : Donald J. Ortner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-10
  • Total pages :645
  • ISBN : 0080525636
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Summary : Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. There is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopaedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, this book provides essential text and materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features *Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal disease including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-30
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780124172906
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Summary : Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
  • Author : Jane E. Buikstra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-29
  • Total pages :858
  • ISBN : 9780128099018
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Summary : Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Third Edition, provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of the pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. As ancient skeletal remains can reveal a treasure trove of information to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist, this book presents a timely resource. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, it provides an essential text and material on bone pathology, thus helping improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. Presents a comprehensive review of the skeletal diseases encountered in archaeological human remains Includes more than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases, including both microscopic and gross features Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries Reviews important theoretical issues on how to interpret evidence of skeletal disease in archaeological human populations

Bitemark Evidence

Bitemark Evidence
  • Author : Robert B.J. Dorion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-16
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 1439818630
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Summary : Experts in the field of bitemark evidence confront complexities ranging from the identification and collection of evidence, to microscopic analysis, to legal implications and courtroom admissibility. Now in its second edition, Bitemark Evidence reflects the knowledge, training, experience, opinions, and research of 27 authors from around the world

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Michael Freeman,Maurice Zeegers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-10
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780124046443
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Summary : It is an inescapable fact that causation, both generally (in populations), and specifically (in individuals), cannot be observed. Rather, causation is determined when it can be inferred that the risk of an observed injury or disease from a plausible cause is greater than the risk from other plausible causes. While many causal evaluations performed in forensic medicine are simplified by the fact that the circumstances surrounding the onset of an injury or disease clearly rules out competing causes (eg, a death following a fall), there are many cases that present a more complicated picture. It is these types of investigations, in which an analysis of comparative levels of risk from competing causes is needed to arrive at a reliable and accurate determination of the most likely cause, that forensic epidemiology (FE) is directed at. In Forensic Epidemiology, the authors present the legal and scientific theories underlying the methods by which risk is used in the investigation of individual causation. Methods and principles from epidemiology are combined with those from a multitude of other disciplines, including general medicine, pharmacology, forensic pathology, biostatistics, and biomechanics, inter alia, as a basis for investigating the plausibility of injury and disease exposures and mechanisms. The ultimate determination of the probability of causation (PC) results from an assessment of the strength of association of the investigated relationship in the individual, based on a comparison between the risk of disease or injury from the investigated exposure versus the risk of the same disease or injury occurring at the same point in time in the individual, but absent the exposure. The principles and methods described in Forensic Epidemiology will be of interest to those who work and study in the fields of forensic medicine, epidemiology, and the law. Historical perspective on how epidemiologic evidence of causation has been used in courts in the US and Europe Theory and science underlying the use of risk to assess individual causation Primer on epidemiologic methods, and various measures used to arrive at individualized comparative risk assessments and PC The use of statistical methods applied to publicly available data for ad hoc analysis of PC applicable to the specific circumstances of a case Background on complementary disciplines, including forensic pathology, death investigation, biomechanics, and survival analysis Examples of applied FE in the investigation of traffic injury and death, automotive and other product defect litigation, medical negligence, and criminal prosecution and defense

Atlas of Postmortem Angiography

Atlas of Postmortem Angiography
  • Author : Silke Grabherr,Jochen M. Grimm,Axel Heinemann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-11
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9783319285375
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Summary : This atlas of postmortem angiography provides a summary of techniques that have been developed and used in order to visualize the human vascular system. The indications, advantages, limitations, and pitfalls of the different techniques are explained in detail through the use of examples from real cases and a wealth of informative images, as well as knowledge from the latest scientific works. Helpful recommendations are made concerning interpretation of the obtained radiological images, which will allow readers to start their own work in the field of post-mortem angiography or to ease and improve their practice. The atlas has been edited and written by members of an international working group created in 2012, “Technical Working Group Post-mortem Angiography Methods” (TWGPAM), who for the first time summarize their experiences concerning this new approach. Since findings explaining the reasons for both natural and traumatic death are often hidden within the vascular system, post-mortem angiography is of the highest importance in elucidating cause of death and may represent the key to minimally invasive autopsy. ​

Wildlife Forensic Investigation

Wildlife Forensic Investigation
  • Author : John E. Cooper,Margaret E. Cooper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-23
  • Total pages :770
  • ISBN : 9781439813751
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Summary : Wildlife forensics is the application of forensic science to the conservation and protection of non-domesticated animals, both in the wild and in captivity. Providing an in-depth introduction to this rapidly evolving field, Wildlife Forensic Investigation: Principles and Practice also chronicles aspects of the history of management, conservation, and environmental protection, with an emphasis on their global importance in the twenty-first century. The book examines the crucial role of wildlife forensic investigation with regard to live animals, dead animals and samples and covers national, regional, and international legislation. While the text particularly focuses on forensic science as it relates to wild animals, it also includes mention of plants and habitats because of their relevance to conservation. The book discusses animal welfare as well as the damage that can be inflicted on humans and property by wildlife. Offering access to sound evidence based on good science and obtained using the best available practices, the book is enhanced by case studies from experts who describe some of their own work. This resource is essential for those involved in a range of endeavours, including investigating wildlife crime, identifying animal remains, ascertaining the circumstances of death of wild species, and other legal proceedings and activities concerning wildlife. The forensic skills described in this book can be applied to a wide range of activities (not necessarily involving the legal process), including environmental impact assessments, insurance claims, governmental and other enquiries, checking of trading standards and the inspection of (for instance) pet-shops, animal boarding establishments, and zoological collections. The authors point out that one of the most important requirements of those persons involved in wildlife forensic work is to retain an open mind. Such personnel should also be conscious of new developments and evolving techniques and be able to anticipate situations where their investigative and scientific skills might be used to advantage—so-called "horizon scanning". Examples of these are given.

Forensic Pathology

Forensic Pathology
  • Author : David Dolinak,Evan Matshes,Emma O. Lew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-08
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780080470665
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Summary : Forensic Pathology is a comprehensive reference that uses a case-oriented format to address, explain and guide the reader through the varied topics encountered by forensic pathologists. Developed in response to a severe void in the literature, the book addresses topics ranging from medicolegal investigation of death to death scene investigation, forensic autopsy, and artifacts of resuscitation as well as complications of medical therapy, forensic osteology, forensic odontology, forensic photography, and death certification. The book includes various types of cases, including sudden natural death, asphyxia, motor vehicle collisions, death in custody, child abuse and elder abuse, acute psychiatric and emotional deaths, and pregnancy. It contains sample descriptions of pathological lesions which serve to aid pathologists in reporting their findings to law enforcement agencies, attorneys, and others involved in investigations of sudden death. The concepts outlined in the text are beautifully illustrated by large, colorful photographs. There are also "Do and Don’t" sections at the end of each chapter that provide guidance for handling the types of cases examined. This work will benefit not only experienced forensic pathologists, but also hospital pathologists who occasionally performs medicolegal autopsies; doctors in training; medical examiners; law enforcement personnel; crime scene investigators; attorneys; and fellows and students of the medical sciences. Large, colorful photographs which beautifully illustrate the concepts outlined in the text. Sample descriptions of pathological lesions which serve to aid pathologists in reporting their findings to law enforcement agencies, attorneys, and others involved in investigations of sudden death. 'Do and Don't' sections at the end of each chapter which provide guidance for handling the types of cases examined within preceding sections.

Injury Illustrated

Injury Illustrated
  • Author : R. Annie Gough
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-30
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781000215601
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Summary : The best storytellers and presenters know that a picture is worth a thousand words. Pictures simplify stories. They make stories memorable. They clarify complex concepts and they educate the audience in the easiest way. That is why attorneys work with artists—medical illustrators, to be exact. Injury Illustrated is the first book of its kind. It is the essential guide on medical illustrations used in the legal context. This book examines the creation of visual graphics known as demonstrative exhibits. These exhibits provide an understanding of traumatic injuries, surgeries, and radiology studies for the jury, judges, adjustors, mediators, and the attorneys. These chapters describe how to tell a clear story about gross anatomy, medical malpractice, and/or death investigation in court by using medical images. While medical illustration and injury law are very different professions, illustrators are the ideal partners for lawyers when solving problems and preparing for litigation. Divided into five sections, this book details who medical illustrators are, how they are educated in medicine, the skills and services they can provide to trial lawyers, and the countless benefits resulting from record review and case preparation.  Find techniques to best use medical images during all stages of litigation  Learn how graphic exhibits engage a jury and empower justice  Understand why attorneys win more cases by collaborating with medical illustrators All readers will learn about this unique career and the attorney-illustrator relationship. More specifically, attorneys, artists, animators, law students, medical students, forensic scientists, and medical experts will understand how demonstrative exhibits assist legal proceedings in forensic matters and civil lawsuits. Warning; these images will be graphic and the cases at times will be catastrophic.

Skeletal Trauma Analysis

Skeletal Trauma Analysis
  • Author : Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Christopher W. Rainwater
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-28
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781118384206
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Summary : In the post-Daubert era, forensic science disciplines areincreasingly informed by robust, statistically-sound experimentalresearch. The educational value of the well-documented case study,however, remains as important as ever. Emphasizing known contextualinformation, this volume serves as a case-driven guide to skeletaltrauma analysis through the unique perspective of eachchapter’s authors. Both forensic anthropologists andpathologists contribute skeletal trauma cases covering a range oftopics including child abuse, blunt force trauma, descents fromheight, plane crashes, sharp force trauma and dismemberment,gunshot wounds, blast trauma, and burned body interpretation.Several chapters also include a discussion of potentiallyconfounding taphonomic influences such as animal scavenging, waterimmersion, burning, and extended postmortem intervals. Detaileddescriptions with multiple supporting images allow thepractitioner’s skeletal trauma interpretation to be comparedto the “answer” as it pertains to the knowncircumstances surrounding the traumatic events of each case.

Hard Evidence

Hard Evidence
  • Author : Dawnie Wolfe Steadman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-07
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9781317347965
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Summary : An essential supplement to a forensic anthropology text, this reader provides case studies that demonstrate innovative approaches and practical experiences in the field. The book provides both introductory and advanced students with a strong sense of the cases that forensic anthropologists become involved, along with their professional and ethical responsibilities, the scientific rigor required, and the multidisciplinary nature of the science. For courses in Forensic Anthropology and Forensic Science.

Knight's Forensic Pathology Fourth Edition

Knight's Forensic Pathology Fourth Edition
  • Author : Pekka Saukko,Bernard Knight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-04
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9781444165081
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Summary : The fourth edition of Knight's Forensic Pathology continues to be the definitive international resource for those in training and in practice, covering all aspects of the medico-legal autopsy, including the cause and time of death, interpretation of wounds and every other facet of the investigation of a fatality. The contents are intended to lead the pathologist – and in some countries, the non-pathologist – through the procedures needed in the examination of a body found under obscure, suspicious or even criminal circumstances. Although police procedures and the habits of pathologists may vary from country to country, the philosophy and techniques presented in this book offer a guide to good practices that can be modified according to local circumstances. In this new edition the text has been thoroughly updated and is complemented by the addition of over 200 new colour illustrations. It maintains the praised tradition of clarity and readability established since Prof. Bernard Knight’s first edition was published in 1991, with an emphasis on the practical application of knowledge and research findings and the avoidance of over-interpretation.

Investigation of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Investigation of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Author : Marta C. Cohen,Irene B. Scheimberg,J. Bruce Beckwith,Fern R. Hauck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-13
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781108185981
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Summary : A scientifically rigorous, multidisciplinary approach to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, for practitioners, researchers and families alike.

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-29
  • Total pages :3120
  • ISBN : 9780128000557
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volumes 1-4, Second Edition is a pioneering four volume encyclopedia compiled by an international team of forensic specialists who explore the relationship between law, medicine, and science in the study of forensics. This important work includes over three hundred state-of-the-art chapters, with articles covering crime-solving techniques such as autopsies, ballistics, fingerprinting, hair and fiber analysis, and the sophisticated procedures associated with terrorism investigations, forensic chemistry, DNA, and immunoassays. Available online, and in four printed volumes, the encyclopedia is an essential reference for any practitioner in a forensic, medical, healthcare, legal, judicial, or investigative field looking for easily accessible and authoritative overviews on a wide range of topics. Chapters have been arranged in alphabetical order, and are written in a clear-and-concise manner, with definitions provided in the case of obscure terms and information supplemented with pictures, tables, and diagrams. Each topic includes cross-referencing to related articles and case studies where further explanation is required, along with references to external sources for further reading. Brings together all appropriate aspects of forensic medicine and legal medicine Contains color figures, sample forms, and other materials that the reader can adapt for their own practice Also available in an on-line version which provides numerous additional reference and research tools, additional multimedia, and powerful search functions Each topic includes cross-referencing to related articles and case studies where further explanation is required, along with references to external sources for further reading

Post Mortem Examination and Autopsy

Post Mortem Examination and Autopsy
  • Author : Kamil Hakan Dogan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-14
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9789535137924
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Summary : Forensic medicine explores the legal aspects of medicine, and medicolegal investigation of death is the most significant and crucial function of it. The nature of post mortem examinations are changing and the understanding of causes of death are evolving with the increase of knowledge, availability, and use of various analyses including genetic testing. Postmortem examination practice is turning into a more multidisciplinary approach for investigations, which are becoming more evidence based. Although there are numerous publications about forensic medicine and post mortem examination, this book aims to provide some basic information on post mortem examination and current developments in some important and special areas. It is considered that this book will be useful for forensic pathologists, clinicians, attorneys, law enforcement officers, and medical students.

Atlas of Forensic Pathology

Atlas of Forensic Pathology
  • Author : Joseph A. Prahlow,Roger W. Byard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-21
  • Total pages :906
  • ISBN : 9781617790577
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Summary : This book is specifically designed for non-pathologists who normally interact with forensic pathologists. It covers topics within forensic pathology, including the forensic autopsy, postmortem changes and time of death and body identification.

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

American Journal of Physical Anthropology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015017495147
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Summary : Volumes for 1930- include the Proceedings of the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (sometimes issued as separately paged supplements); later issued separately as: Program of the ... Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1991- (alternates supplement numbering with: Yearbook of physical anthropology).

Review of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Review of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
  • Author : Gautam Biswas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-20
  • Total pages :596
  • ISBN : 9789350258965
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Summary : Up-to-date information, substantial amount of material on clinical Forensic Medicine included in a nutshell. Medical Jurisprudence, Identification, Autopsy, Injuries, Sexual Offences, Forensic Psychiatry and Toxicology are dealt with elaborately.

Forensic Pathology of Trauma

Forensic Pathology of Trauma
  • Author : Michael J. Shkrum,David A. Ramsay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-06
  • Total pages :646
  • ISBN : 9781597451383
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Summary : The practice of forensic pathology includes the collection and analysis of evidence in relation to a corpse in order to establish the cause of death. Knowledge of the cause of death contributes to the determination of the manner of death by medical examiners and coroners, who are occasionally assisted by law enforcement officers. In the process of establishing the cause and manner of death, representatives of various investigative bodies have several responsibilities, including explaining the death to family members, attempting to reduce the risk of similar deaths in the future, and, if applicable, apprehending the individuals who are responsible for the death. The most well-known and popular role of a forensic pathologist is in the inves- gation of cases of suspicious death; however, most medicolegal autopsies involve unexpected deaths that are above suspicion, many of which are caused by trauma (trauma being defined as any physical force or agent that causes bodily harm). The purpose of Forensic Pathology of Trauma: Common Problems for the Pathologist is to provide practical advice and information about the conduct of the forensic autopsy in cases of trauma, and to offer guidance about the analysis of the autopsy findings in these cases.

Radiology in Forensic Medicine

Radiology in Forensic Medicine
  • Author : Giuseppe Lo Re,Antonina Argo,Massimo Midiri,Cristina Cattaneo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-26
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9783319967370
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Summary : This book offers a comprehensive overview of the forensic and radiological aspects of pathological findings, focusing on the most relevant medico-legal issues, such as virtual autopsy (virtopsy), anthropometric identification, post-mortem decomposition features and the latest radiological applications used in forensic investigations. Forensic medicine and radiology are becoming increasingly relevant in the international medical and legal field as they offer essential techniques for determining cause of death and for anthropometric identification. This is highly topical in light of public safety and economic concerns arising as a result of mass migration and international tensions. The book discusses the latest technologies applied in the forensic field, in particular computed tomography and magnetic resonance, which are continuously being updated. Radiological techniques are fundamental in rapidly providing a full description of the damage inflicted to add to witness and medical testimonies, and forensic/radiological anthropology supplies valuable evidence in cases of violence and abuse. Written by international experts, it is of interest to students and residents in forensic medicine and radiology. It also presents a new approach to forensic investigation for lawyers and police special corps as well as law enforcement agencies.