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Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:31951000193619S
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Summary :

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015072175162
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Summary :

Liberation from Allergies: Natural Approaches to Freedom and Better Health

Liberation from Allergies: Natural Approaches to Freedom and Better Health
  • Author : Chris D. Meletis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-08
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780313358715
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Summary : In this comprehensive book, a naturopath explains why allergies occur and what works—and doesn't—to alleviate them. Liberation from Allergies offers research on non-drug ways to control allergies, as well as ways in which naturopathic approaches can be combined with traditional medicine. It looks forward, discussing developments on the horizon, including current testing of vaccines for some food allergies.

Mucosal Health in Aquaculture

Mucosal Health in Aquaculture
  • Author : Benjamin H. Beck,Eric Peatman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-17
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780124171930
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Summary : Mucosal Health in Aquaculture is an essential reference on mucosal health for the diverse aquaculture community. Rich in explanatory figures and schematics, the book includes important concepts such as structural and cellular composition of mucosal surfaces in fish and shellfish, known functional roles of molecular and cellular actors during pathogen invasion, impacts of nutrition on the mucosal barriers, impacts of chemical treatments on mucosal surfaces, mucosal vaccines and vaccination strategies, and more. The health of cultured aquaculture species is critical in establishing the sustainable growth of the aquaculture industry worldwide, and mucosal health is of particular interest to those working in aquaculture because mucosal surfaces (skin, gill, intestine, reproductive tissues) constitute the first line of defense against pathogen invasion. Mucosal Health in Aquaculture captures the latest research on mucosal barriers in aquaculture species and their impacts on nutrition and immunity to ensure sustainable aquaculture development. Includes research case studies to exhibit the importance of various integrated approaches to mucosal health Examines the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies for healthy fish production for farming Brings together the latest knowledge and research on mucosal barriers and mechanisms from world-wide experts in mucosal health Utilizes detailed diagrams and figures to enhance comprehension

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Author : Joseph B. Kirsner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048934429
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Summary : World-renowned experts present state-of-the-art information in the clinical understanding of inflammatory bowel disease in the 5th Edition of this best-selling text. Scholarly and pragmatic, this text features authoritative information on the medical and surgical management of IBD with the support of over 390 illustrations. Features many new chapters, including those covering intestinal permeability in health and disease, the intestinal response to acute inflammation and injuries, and current concepts of IBD etiology and pathogenesis.

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
  • Author : Bryan Tungland
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-25
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128146507
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Summary : Human Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease: From Pathogenesis to Therapy is a comprehensive discussion on all the aspects associated with the early colonization of gut microbiota, its development and maintenance, and its symbiotic relationship with the host in promoting health. Chapters illustrate the complex mechanisms and metabolic signaling pathways related to how the gut microbiota maintain proper regulation of glucose, lipid and energy homeostasis and immune response, all while mediating inflammatory processes involved in the etiology of many chronic disease conditions. With today's common use of pharmaceutical medicine in treating symptoms and frequent overuse of antibiotics in chronic disease within mainstream medical practice, our understanding of the etiological mechanisms of dysbiosis-induced chronic disease and natural approaches to prevention and potential cures for these diseases is of vital importance to overall human health. Details the complex relationship between human microbiota in the gut, oral cavity and skin as well as their colonization, development and impact of factors that influence the relationship Illustrates the mechanisms associated with dysbiosis-associated inflammation and its role in the onset and progression in chronic disease Provides the primary mechanisms and comprehensive scientific evidence for the use of dietary modification and pro- and prebiotics in preventing chronic disease

Pathologically and Experimentally Induced Intestinal Barrier Changes Evaluated by Permeability Measurements

Pathologically and Experimentally Induced Intestinal Barrier Changes Evaluated by Permeability Measurements
  • Author : Quan Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :66
  • ISBN : UOM:39015042138159
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Summary :

Human Intestinal Microflora in Health and Disease

Human Intestinal Microflora in Health and Disease
  • Author : David J. Hentges
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : UOM:39015006012325
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Summary : Human Intestinal Microflora in Health and Disease deals with human indigenous intestinal flora, the vast assemblage of microorganisms that reside in the intestinal tract. It contains information on the composition of the flora, its development, metabolic activities, importance to the host, and the consequences of upsetting its ecology. The book is organized into four parts. Part I examines the composition and development of intestinal flora. Part II deals with the metabolic activities of intestinal microflora. These include studies on carbohydrate metabolism in the human colon; the compound ...

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease
  • Author : Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-05
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9781493908974
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Summary : The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications

Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications
  • Author : Gerard L. Hasenhuettl,Richard W. Hartel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-09
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : 9783030291877
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Summary : Emulsifiers, also known as surfactants, are often added to processed foods to improve stability, texture, or shelf life. These additives are regulated by national agencies, such as the FDA, or multi-national authorities, such as the EEC or WHO. The amphiphilic molecules function by assisting the dispersion of mutually insoluble phases and stabilizing the resulting colloids, emulsions, and foams. Emulsifiers can interact with other food components such as carbohydrates, proteins, water, and ions to produce complexes and mesophases. These interactions may enhance or disrupt structures and affect functional properties of finished foods. In dairy processing, small molecule emulsifiers may displace dairy proteins from oil/water and air/water interfaces, which affects stability and properties of the foams and emulsions. In baked products, emulsifiers contribute to secondary functionalities, such as dough strengthening and anti-staling. Synthetic food emulsifiers suffer from the stigma of chemical names on a product’s ingredient statement. Modern consumers are seeking products that are “all natural.” Fortunately, there are a number of natural ingredients that are surface-active, such as lecithin, milk proteins, and some protein-containing hydrocolloids. Mayonnaise, for example, is stabilized by egg yolk. This book can serve as both a guide for professionals in the food industry to provide an understanding of emulsifier functionality, and a stimulus for further innovation. Students of food science will find this to be a valuable resource.

Health and the Gut

Health and the Gut
  • Author : William Olds
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-04
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9781498701266
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Summary : This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. The study of the intestinal ecosystem of bacteria in the human gut—the gut microbiome—is a new field that is rapidly evolving. This book serves as an introduction to some of the new and exciting research that is being done in this field. Included are chapters that examine the following: • Gut microbiome’s roles in the pathogenesis of obesity and autoimmune disease • The effect of nutrition on the richness of the microbial community • The stability of the microbiome to various stressors • Emerging ways to diagnose diseases using the microbiome • Exciting prospects for using these microbes to cure disease This easily accessible reference volume offers a comprehensive guide to this relatively new field of study. Edited by a researcher from Yale University, Health and the Gut: The Emerging Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Disease and Therapeutics is an authoritative and easy-to-use reference, ideal for both researchers in the field and those who wish to gain more information about the impact of gut microbiota on human health.

Diet-Microbe Interactions in the Gut

Diet-Microbe Interactions in the Gut
  • Author : Kieran Tuohy,Daniele Del Rio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-04
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9780124079410
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Summary : Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

The Mucosal Immune System in Health and Disease

The Mucosal Immune System in Health and Disease
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : NWU:35558001835905
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Summary :

Immunobiology

Immunobiology
  • Author : Charles Janeway,Paul Travers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :590
  • ISBN : 0815316917
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Summary : Immunobiology tells the story of the immune system. The book covers all of the material that comprises a typical immunology course. The Fifth Edition is an extensive revision which includes new material and major insights, improved logical progression of topics, and an emphasis on unifying principles. With clear, concise text and a full-color art program, this book continues to set the standard for a current and authoritative immunology textbook. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Microbiome and Metabolome in Diagnosis, Therapy, and other Strategic Applications

Microbiome and Metabolome in Diagnosis, Therapy, and other Strategic Applications
  • Author : Joel Faintuch,Salomao Faintuch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-03
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780128152508
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Summary : Microbiome and Metabolome in Diagnosis, Therapy, and Other Strategic Applications is the first book to simultaneously cover the microbiome and the metabolome in relevant clinical conditions. In a pioneering fashion, it addresses not only the classic intestinal environment, but also the oral, gastric, lung, skin and vaginal microbiome that is in line with the latest investigations. Nonbacterial microbiomes, such as fungi and viruses are not overlooked, and the plasma microbiome is also discussed. As plasma, brain, placenta, tumor cells, and other sterile fluids and tissues, are increasingly recognized to potentially host a microbiome, albeit a limited one, this is a timely resource. The book's editors were fortunate to have the input of renowned collaborators from nearly all continents. This is truly an international effort that brings the latest in the field to students and professionals alike. Provides comprehensive coverage on diagnosis, therapy, pharmacotherapy and disease prevention in context of the microbiome and metabolome Focuses on the proposed physiological or pathological conditions Presents an up-to-date, useful reference

Epithelial Transport and Barrier Function

Epithelial Transport and Barrier Function
  • Author : Jörg-Dieter Schulzke,Michael Fromm,Ernst-Otto Riecken,Henry J. Binder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :375
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105025266722
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Summary : The intestinal epithelium has to perform two opposing tasks: it must facilitate absorption and secretion of solutes and water; but still provide a defense against unwanted uptake or loss of solutes, water and noxious agents. The papers in this volume discuss both functions as they interact in health and in disease. They focus on new regulative pathways and properties of solute transporters; and the molecular basis of the barrier-forming paracellular structures and models for studying disturbed transport and barrier properties. Special attention is given to mechanisms of diarrhoea caused by enterotoxins or by inflammatory bowel diseases.

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease
  • Author : Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-05
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9781493908974
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Summary : The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Human Nutrition and Health

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Human Nutrition and Health
  • Author : Venketeshwer Rao,Leticia Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9789535124757
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Summary : Probiotic microorganisms are recognised as being beneficial for human health. Prebiotics are substrates that are used preferentially by the probiotic bacteria for their growth. A great deal of interest has been generated in recent years in identifying probiotic bacteria and prebiotics, their characterization, mechanisms of action and their role in the prevention and management of human health disorders. Together they are referred to as synbiotic. This book is in response to the need for more current and global scope of probiotics and prebiotics. It contains chapters written by internationally recognized authors. The book has been planned to meet the needs of the researchers, health professionals, government regulatory agencies and industries. This book will serve as a standard reference book in this important and fast-growing area of probiotics and prebiotics in human nutrition and health.

Essential and Toxic Trace Elements in Human Health and Disease

Essential and Toxic Trace Elements in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : International Society for Trace Element Research in Humans. International Meeting,Ananda Shiva Prasad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :679
  • ISBN : UOM:39015012584986
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Summary :

Biochemistry of Blood in Health and Disease

Biochemistry of Blood in Health and Disease
  • Author : Isaac Newton Kugelmass
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1959
  • Total pages :543
  • ISBN : MINN:31951000379047F
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Summary :

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Author : Axcan Pharma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-01-31
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : UOM:39015033978563
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Summary : The inflammatory bowel diseases, of unknown etiology and for which there are no cures, continue to attract the attention and interest of gastroenterologists, internists and surgeons. International symposia are common and it is safe to say that there is at least one major symposium held somewhere in the world each year. This book encompasses the proceedings of two recent symposia held in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. The symposia were the fifth and sixth international meetings focused on inflammatory bowel disease in Canada in the last eight years. Once again they were sponsored by Axcan Pharma, Inc. (formerly Interfalk Canada, Inc.) and endorsed by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology. As has become traditional at such meetings the faculty was drawn from an international roster ofleaders in the field of inflammatory bowel disease and gastroenterology. The chapters of the proceedings provide a timely, up-to-date review of the major issues, including those within the realm of basic science and others dealing with clinical problems. The first symposium, 'Basic Research and Clinical Implications', was co-ordinated by John Wallace in association with Stephen Collins and Stephan Targan. The themes of this section were organized under the general topics of predisposing factors (genetics, animal models, infection, permeability, and immune deficits) and the pathophysiology of intestinal inflammation. The second symposium, Trends in Therapy' was organized by Lloyd Sutherland along with Franc;:ois Martin, Robin McLeod and Noel Williams.