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Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Susumu Mori,J-Donald Tournier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-02
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9780123984074
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Summary : The concepts behind diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are commonly difficult to grasp, even for magnetic resonance physicists. To make matters worse, a many more complex higher-order methods have been proposed over the last few years to overcome the now well-known deficiencies of DTI. In Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging: And Higher Order Models, these concepts are explained through extensive use of illustrations rather than equations to help readers gain a more intuitive understanding of the inner workings of these techniques. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of DTI images and tractography results, the design of experiments, and the types of application studies that can be undertaken. Diffusion MRI is a very active field of research, and theories and techniques are constantly evolving. To make sense of this constantly shifting landscape, there is a need for a textbook that explains the concepts behind how these techniques work in a way that is easy and intuitive to understand—Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging fills this gap. Extensive use of illustrations to explain the concepts of diffusion tensor imaging and related methods Easy to understand, even without a background in physics Includes sections on image interpretation, experimental design, and applications Up-to-date information on more recent higher-order models, which are increasingly being used for clinical applications

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Susumu Mori,J-Donald Tournier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : 0123983983
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Summary : Explains the difficult concepts behind diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) through extensive use of illustrations rather than equations to help readers gain a more intuitive understanding of the inner workings of these techniques. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of DTI images and tractography results, the design of experiments, and the types of application studies that can be undertaken.

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Susumu Mori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-17
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 0080495761
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Summary : The concept of Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is often difficult to grasp, even for Magnetic Resonance physicists. Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging uses extensive illustrations (not equations) to help readers to understand how DTI works. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of DTI images, the design of DTI experiments, and the forms of application studies. The theory of DTI is constantly evolving and so there is a need for a textbook that explains how the technique works in a way that is easy to understand - Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging fills this gap. * Uses extensive illustrations to explain the concept of Diffusion Tensor Imaging * Easy to understand, even without a background in physics * Includes sections on image interpretation, experimental design and applications

Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Wim Van Hecke,Louise Emsell,Stefan Sunaert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-14
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781493931187
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the practical aspects of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), from understanding the basis of the technique through selection of the right protocols, trouble-shooting data quality, and analyzing DTI data optimally. DTI is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for visualizing and quantifying tissue microstructure based on diffusion. The book discusses the theoretical background underlying DTI and advanced techniques based on higher-order models and multi-shell diffusion imaging. It covers the practical implementation of DTI; derivation of information from DTI data; and a range of clinical applications, including neurosurgical planning and the assessment of brain tumors. Its practical utility is enhanced by decision schemes and a fully annotated DTI brain atlas, including color fractional anisotropy maps and 3D tractography reconstructions of major white matter fiber bundles. Featuring contributions from leading specialists in the field of DTI, Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Practical Handbook is a valuable resource for radiologists, neuroradiologists, MRI technicians and clinicians.

Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Bram Stieltjes,Romuald M. Brunner,Klaus Fritzsche,Frederik Laun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-14
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9783642204562
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Summary : Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is a variation of diffusion-weighed imaging. Particularly in the neurosciences, this technique has gained tremendous momentum in the past decade, both from a technical point of view as well as in its applications. DTI is mainly used in neurological diagnosis and psychiatric and neurologic research, e.g. in order to locate brain tumors and depict their invasivity. DTI offers a unique in-vivo insight into the three-dimensional structure of the human central nervous system. While easy interpretation and evaluation is often hampered by the complexity of both the technique and neuroanatomy, this atlas helps you recognize every one of the important structures rapidly and unambiguously. In the introduction, this atlas provides a concise outline of the evolution of diffusion imaging and describes its potential applications. In the core part of the atlas, the neuroanatomically important structures are clearly labeled both on DTI-derived color maps and conventional MRI. Complex fiber architecture is illustrated schematically and described concisely in textboxes directly on the relevant page. In the final part of the atlas, a straightforward, step-by-step approach for the three-dimensional reconstruction of the most prominent fiber structures is given, and potential pitfalls are indicated. The atlas aims at neuroscientists, neuoanatomists, neurologists, psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, physicists, and computer scientists. For advanced users, the atlas may serve as a reference work, while students and scientists are thoroughly introduced in DTI.

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Heidi Johansen-Berg,Timothy E.J. Behrens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-04
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780124055094
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Summary : Diffusion MRI remains the most comprehensive reference for understanding this rapidly evolving and powerful technology and is an essential handbook for designing, analyzing, and interpreting diffusion MR experiments. Diffusion imaging provides a unique window on human brain anatomy. This non-invasive technique continues to grow in popularity as a way to study brain pathways that could never before be investigated in vivo. This book covers the fundamental theory of diffusion imaging, discusses its most promising applications to basic and clinical neuroscience, and introduces cutting-edge methodological developments that will shape the field in coming years. Written by leading experts in the field, it places the exciting new results emerging from diffusion imaging in the context of classical anatomical techniques to show where diffusion studies might offer unique insights and where potential limitations lie. Fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive reference on a powerful technique in brain imaging Covers all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition through analysis to interpretation, and from fundamental theory to cutting-edge developments New chapters covering connectomics, advanced diffusion acquisition, artifact removal, and applications to the neonatal brain Provides practical advice on running an experiment Includes discussion of applications in psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and basic neuroscience Full color throughout

Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Wim Van Hecke,Louise Emsell,Stefan Sunaert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-15
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 1493931172
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the practical aspects of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), from understanding the basis of the technique through selection of the right protocols, trouble-shooting data quality, and analyzing DTI data optimally. DTI is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for visualizing and quantifying tissue microstructure based on diffusion. The book discusses the theoretical background underlying DTI and advanced techniques based on higher-order models and multi-shell diffusion imaging. It covers the practical implementation of DTI; derivation of information from DTI data; and a range of clinical applications, including neurosurgical planning and the assessment of brain tumors. Its practical utility is enhanced by decision schemes and a fully annotated DTI brain atlas, including color fractional anisotropy maps and 3D tractography reconstructions of major white matter fiber bundles. Featuring contributions from leading specialists in the field of DTI, Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Practical Handbook is a valuable resource for radiologists, neuroradiologists, MRI technicians and clinicians.

MRI Atlas of Human White Matter

MRI Atlas of Human White Matter
  • Author : Kenichi Oishi,Andreia V. Faria,Peter C M van Zijl,Susumu Mori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-12
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 0123820820
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Summary : MRI Atlas of Human White Matter presents an atlas to the human brain on the basis of T 1-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging. A general background on magnetic resonance imaging is provided, as well as the basics of diffusion tensor imaging. An overview of the principles and limitations in using this methodology in fiber tracking is included. This book describes the core white-matter structures, as well as the superficial white matter, the deep gray matter, and the cortex. It also presents a three-dimensional reconstruction and atlas of the brain white-matter tracts. The Montreal Neurological Institute coordinates, which are the most widely used, are adopted in this book as the primary coordinate system. The Talairach coordinate system is used as the secondary coordinate system. Based on magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, the book offers a full segmentation of 220 white-matter and gray-matter structures with boundaries. Visualization of brain white matter anatomy via 3D diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) contrasts and enhances relationship of anatomy to function Full segmentation of 170+ brain regions more clearly defines structure boundaries than previous point-and-annotate anatomical labeling, and connectivity is mapped in a way not provided by traditional atlases

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Derek K Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-11
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780199708703
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Summary : Professor Derek Jones, a world authority on diffusion MRI, has assembled most of the world's leading scientists and clinicians developing and applying diffusion MRI to produce an authorship list that reads like a "Who's Who" of the field and an essential resource for those working with diffusion MRI. Destined to be a modern classic, this definitive and richly illustrated work covers all aspects of diffusion MRI from basic theory to clinical application. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience
  • Author : Judith M. Rumsey,Monique Ernst
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-19
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1139476750
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Summary : Modern neuroimaging offers tremendous opportunities for gaining insights into normative development and a wide array of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. Focusing on ontogeny, this text covers basic processes involved in both healthy and atypical maturation, and also addresses the range of neuroimaging techniques most widely used for studying children. This book will enable you to understand normative structural and functional brain maturation and the mechanisms underlying basic developmental processes; become familiar with current knowledge and hypotheses concerning the neural bases of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders; and learn about neuroimaging techniques, including their unique strengths and limitations. Coverage includes normal developmental processes, atypical processing in developmental neuropsychiatric disorders, ethical issues, neuroimaging techniques and their integration with psychopharmacologic and molecular genetic research approaches, and future directions. This comprehensive volume is an essential resource for neurologists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, and radiologists concerned with normal development and developmental neuropsychiatric disorders.

Fueling Innovation and Discovery

Fueling Innovation and Discovery
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications,Committee on the Mathematical Sciences in 2025
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-02
  • Total pages :64
  • ISBN : 9780309254731
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Summary : The mathematical sciences are part of everyday life. Modern communication, transportation, science, engineering, technology, medicine, manufacturing, security, and finance all depend on the mathematical sciences. Fueling Innovation and Discovery describes recent advances in the mathematical sciences and advances enabled by mathematical sciences research. It is geared toward general readers who would like to know more about ongoing advances in the mathematical sciences and how these advances are changing our understanding of the world, creating new technologies, and transforming industries. Although the mathematical sciences are pervasive, they are often invoked without an explicit awareness of their presence. Prepared as part of the study on the Mathematical Sciences in 2025, a broad assessment of the current state of the mathematical sciences in the United States, Fueling Innovation and Discovery presents mathematical sciences advances in an engaging way. The report describes the contributions that mathematical sciences research has made to advance our understanding of the universe and the human genome. It also explores how the mathematical sciences are contributing to healthcare and national security, and the importance of mathematical knowledge and training to a range of industries, such as information technology and entertainment. Fueling Innovation and Discovery will be of use to policy makers, researchers, business leaders, students, and others interested in learning more about the deep connections between the mathematical sciences and every other aspect of the modern world. To function well in a technologically advanced society, every educated person should be familiar with multiple aspects of the mathematical sciences.

Introduction to Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Introduction to Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Author : Richard B. Buxton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-27
  • Total pages :457
  • ISBN : 9780521899956
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Summary : This is the second edition of a useful introductory book on a technique that has revolutionized neuroscience, specifically cognitive neuroscience. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has now become the standard tool for studying the brain systems involved in cognitive and emotional processing. It has also been a major factor in the consilience of the fields of neurobiology, cognitive psychology, social psychology, radiology, physics, mathematics, engineering, and even philosophy. Written and edited by a clinician-scientist in the field, this book remains an excellent user's guide to t

Diffusion Weighted and Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Clinical Guide

Diffusion Weighted and Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Clinical Guide
  • Author : Claudia Leite,Mauricio Castillo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-16
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9781626230200
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Summary : Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is an integral part of routine neuroimaging, used nearly universally in brain MRIs, and more recently for the spine, spinal cord, and head and neck. DWI provides clinically relevant information on conditions including stroke, infection, and neoplasms. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a powerful, newer technique with the potential for multiple protocols, including the diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury and psychiatric disorders. Written by leading authorities in neuroradiology and radiology, Diffusion Weighted and Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Clinical Guide provides key points and summaries on the concepts and applications required for proper implementation and interpretation of DWI and DTI. Key Features: More than 600 high-quality illustrations Protocols and applications from early childhood to older adulthood Methods to differentiate normal versus pathological states Brain edema pathophysiology and use of DWI to distinguish between cytotoxic and vasogenic edema Utilization of DWI and DTI to diagnose trauma, white matter disease, tumors, cerebrovascular disease, and head, neck, and spine disorders This concise handbook is an invaluable resource for neuroradiologists and radiologists, as well as fellows and residents in these disciplines. With the expanding use of these procedures, neuroscientists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and psychiatrists will also find it indispensable.

Introduction to Neuroimaging Analysis

Introduction to Neuroimaging Analysis
  • Author : Mark Jenkinson,Michael Chappell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-26
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780198816300
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Summary : MRI has emerged as a powerful way of studying in-vivo brain structure and function in both healthy and disease states. Whilst new researchers may be able to call upon advice and support for acquisition from operators, radiologists and technicians, it is more challenging to obtain anunderstanding of the principles of analysing neuroimaging data. This is crucial for choosing acquisition parameters, designing and performing appropriate experiments, and correctly interpreting the results. This primer gives a general and accessible introduction to the wide array of MRI-based neuroimaging methods that are used in research. Supplemented with online datasets and examples to enable the reader to obtain hands-on experience working with real data, it provides a practical and approachableintroduction for those new to the neuroimaging field. The text also covers the fundamentals of what different MRI modalities measure, what artifacts commonly occur, the essentials of the analysis, and common "pipelines" including brain extraction, registration and segmentation. As it does not require any background knowledge beyond high-school mathematics and physics, this primer is essential reading for anyone wanting to work in neuroimaging or grasp the results coming from this rapidly expanding field.The Oxford Neuroimaging Primers are short texts aimed at new researchers or advanced undergraduates from the biological, medical or physical sciences. They are intended to provide a broad understanding of the ways in which neuroimaging data can be analyzed and how that relates to acquisition andinterpretation. Each primer has been written so that it is a stand-alone introduction to a particular area of neuroimaging, and the primers also work together to provide a comprehensive foundation for this increasingly influential field.

XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016

XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016
  • Author : Efthyvoulos Kyriacou,Stelios Christofides,Constantinos S. Pattichis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-31
  • Total pages :1367
  • ISBN : 9783319327037
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Summary : This volume presents the proceedings of Medicon 2016, held in Paphos, Cyprus. Medicon 2016 is the XIV in the series of regional meetings of the International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE) in the Mediterranean. The goal of Medicon 2016 is to provide updated information on the state of the art on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing under the main theme “Systems Medicine for the Delivery of Better Healthcare Services”. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing cover complementary disciplines that hold great promise for the advancement of research and development in complex medical and biological systems. Research and development in these areas are impacting the science and technology by advancing fundamental concepts in translational medicine, by helping us understand human physiology and function at multiple levels, by improving tools and techniques for the detection, prevention and treatment of disease. Medicon 2016 provides a common platform for the cross fertilization of ideas, and to help shape knowledge and scientific achievements by bridging complementary disciplines into an interactive and attractive forum under the special theme of the conference that is Systems Medicine for the Delivery of Better Healthcare Services. The programme consists of some 290 invited and submitted papers on new developments around the Conference theme, presented in 3 plenary sessions, 29 parallel scientific sessions and 12 special sessions.

Surgical Neuro-Oncology

Surgical Neuro-Oncology
  • Author : Russell R. Lonser,J. Bradley Elder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-09
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780190696696
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Summary : Part of the Neurosurgery by Example series, this volume on surgical neuro-oncology presents exemplary cases in which renowned authors guide readers through the assessment and planning, decision making, surgical procedure, after care, and complication management of common and uncommon disorders. The cases explore a number of different types of nervous systems tumors, including glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, skull tumors, and more. Each chapter also contains 'pivot points' that illuminate changes required to manage patients in alternate or atypical situations, and pearls for accurate diagnosis, successful treatment, and effective complication management. Containing a focused review of medical evidence and expected outcomes, Surgical Neuro-Oncology is appropriate for neurosurgeons who wish to learn more about this subspecialty, and those preparing for the American Board of Neurological Surgery oral examination.

Coma Science

Coma Science
  • Author : Professor Laureys
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-07
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 0080962254
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Summary : This serial is firmly established as an extensive documentation of the advances in contemporary brain research. Each volume presents authoritative reviews and original articles by invited specialists. This volume concentrates on coma and consciousness science. presenting articles from leading figures in the area on the clinical and ethical implications of work in this field. The book provides a thorough review of the various aspects of coma science from a review of the concepts, questioning of recent advances, case studies, through to where research in the field is heading. * Provides the reader with a unique overview of all aspects of new advances in coma science * Broad focus with contributions by the top scientists worldwide in the respective disciplines

Artificial Intelligence in Diffusion MRI

Artificial Intelligence in Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Mohammad Shehab
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-20
  • Total pages :157
  • ISBN : 9783030360832
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Summary : This book focuses on the use of artificial intelligence to address a specific problem in the brain – the orientation distribution function. It discusses three aspects: (i) Preparing, enhancing and evaluating one of the cuckoo search algorithms (CSA); (ii) Describing the problem: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) is used for non-invasive investigations of anatomical connectivity in the human brain, while Q-ball imaging (QBI) is a diffusion MRI reconstruction technique based on the orientation distribution function (ODF), which detects the dominant fiber orientations; however, ODF lacks local estimation accuracy along the path. (iii) Evaluating the performance of the CSA versions in solving the ODF problem using synthetic and real-world data. This book appeals to both postgraduates and researchers who are interested in the fields of medicine and computer science.

Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields

Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields
  • Author : Joachim Weickert,Hans Hagen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-25
  • Total pages :481
  • ISBN : 9783540312727
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Summary : Matrix-valued data sets – so-called second order tensor fields – have gained significant importance in scientific visualization and image processing due to recent developments such as diffusion tensor imaging. This book is the first edited volume that presents the state of the art in the visualization and processing of tensor fields. It contains some longer chapters dedicated to surveys and tutorials of specific topics, as well as a great deal of original work by leading experts that has not been published before. It serves as an overview for the inquiring scientist, as a basic foundation for developers and practitioners, and as as a textbook for specialized classes and seminars for graduate and doctoral students.

Clinical MR Neuroimaging

Clinical MR Neuroimaging
  • Author : Jonathan H. Gillard,Adam D. Waldman,Peter B. Barker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-26
  • Total pages :891
  • ISBN : 9780521515634
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Summary : Covers each physiological MR methodology and their applications to all major neurological diseases.

Image-Guided Neurosurgery

Image-Guided Neurosurgery
  • Author : Alexandra J. Golby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-05
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128011898
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Summary : Image-Guided Neurosurgery provides readers with an update on the revolutionary improvements in imaging and visualization relating to neurosurgery. From the development of the pneumoencephalogram, to the operating microscope, to cross sectional imaging with CT and later MRI, to stereotaxy and neuronavigation, the ability to visualize the pathology and surrounding neural structures has been the driving factor leading surgical innovation and improved outcomes. The book provides a comprehensive reference on the application of contemporary imaging technologies used in neurosurgery. Specific techniques discussed include brain biopsies, brain tumor resection, deep brain stimulation, and more. The book is ideal for neurosurgeons, interventional radiologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and radiologists, as well as technical experts in imaging, image analysis, computer science, and biomedical engineering. A comprehensive reference on image-guided neurosurgery Includes coverage of neuronavigation in cranial surgery and advanced imaging, including functional imaging, adoption of intra-operative MRI and emerging technologies Covers all image-guided neurosurgery tools, including robotic surgical devices Ideal reference for topics relating to neurosurgery, imaging, stereotaxis, radiosurgery, radiology, epilepsy, MRI, the use of medical robotics, lasers, and more