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Introduction to Environmental Forensics

Introduction to Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Brian L. Murphy,Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-30
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9780124047075
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Summary : The third edition of Introduction to Environmental Forensics is a state-of-the-art reference for the practicing environmental forensics consultant, regulator, student, academic, and scientist, with topics including compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA), advanced multivariate statistical techniques, surrogate approaches for contaminant source identification and age dating, dendroecology, hydrofracking, releases from underground storage tanks and piping, and contaminant-transport modeling for forensic applications. Recognized international forensic scientists were selected to author chapters in their specific areas of expertise and case studies are included to illustrate the application of these methods in actual environmental forensic investigations. This edition provides updates on advances in various techniques and introduces several new topics. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of environmental forensics Coverage ranges from emerging statistical methods to state-of-the-art analytical techniques, such as gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry and polytopic vector analysis Numerous examples and case studies are provided to illustrate the application of these forensic techniques in environmental investigations

Introduction to Environmental Forensics

Introduction to Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Brian L. Murphy,Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-01
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 0080478670
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Summary : Introduction to Environmental Forensics helps readers unravel the complexities of environmental pollution cases. It outlines techniques for identifying the source of a contaminant release, when the release occurred, and the extent of human exposure. Written by leading experts in environmental investigations, the text provides detailed information on chemical "fingerprinting" techniques applicable to ground water, soils, sediments, and air, plus an in-depth look at petroleum hydrocarbons. It gives the environmental scientist, engineer, and legal specialist a complete toolbox for conducting forensic investigations. It demonstrates the range of scientific analyses that are available to answer questions of environmental liability and support a legal argument, and provides several examples and case studies to illustrate how these methods are applied. This is a textbook that would prove useful to a range of disciplines, including environmental scientists involved in water and air pollution, contaminated land and geographical information systems; and archaeologists, hydrochemists and geochemists interested in dating sources of pollution. Co-edited by one of the experts from the Civil Action case in Woburn, MA Provides essential information about identifying environmental contaminants responsible for millions of deaths per year Contains the latest information and coverage of issues crucial to both forensics investigators and environmental scientists

Introduction to Environmental Forensics

Introduction to Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Brian Murphy,Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : UOM:39015054271682
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Summary : Introduction to Environmental Forensics, Second Edition, is a complete reference for the practicing environmental forensics expert, with topics ranging from emerging statistical methods to state-of-the-art analytical techniques, such as gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry and polytopic vector analysis. This exciting reference prepared by leading international experts provides the reader with techniques for identifying the source of a contaminant release, identifying when the release occurred and the extent of human exposure. Numerous examples and case studies are provided to illustrate the application of these forensic techniques in environmental investigations. Sources of potential bias and misapplication of these techniques are also presented.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Robert D. Morrison,Brian L. Murphy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-04
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780080494784
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Summary : Environmental forensics is the application of scientific techniques for the purpose of identifying the source and age of a contaminant. Over the past several years, this study has been expanding as a course of study in academia, government and commercial markets. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are among the governmental agencies that utilize the study of environmental forensics to ensure national security and to ensure that companies are complying with standards. Even the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a group supported by the European Commission and the World Bank, utilizes the study of environmental forensics as it applies to terror threats. This title is a hands-on guide for environmental scientists, engineers, consultants and industrial scientists to identify the origin and age of a contaminant in the environment and the issues involved in the process. An expansion of the authors’ first title with Academic Press, Introduction to Environmental Forensics, this is a state-of-the-art reference for those exploring the scientific techniques available. Up-to-date compendium for referencing forensic techniques unique to particular contaminants. International scientific unit system Contributors from around the world providing international examples and case studies.

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :1142
  • ISBN : 9780128039021
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Summary : Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics: Fingerprinting and Source Identification, Second Edition, provides users with the latest information on the tools and methods that have become popular over the past ten years. The book presents practitioners with the latest environmental forensics techniques and best practices for quickly identifying the sources of spills, how to form an effective response, and how to determine liability. This second edition represents a complete overhaul of the existing chapters, and includes 13 new chapters on methods and applications, such as emerging application of PAHi isomers in oil spill forensics, development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices. Contains 13 new chapters on methods and applications, including emerging application of PAH isomers in oil drill forensics, the development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and the fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices Presents the latest technology and methods in biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons and its implications for source identification, surface trajectory modeling of marine oil spills, and identification of hydrocarbons in biological samples for source determination Contains new case studies to illustrate key applications, methods, and techniques

Environmental Forensics Fundamentals

Environmental Forensics Fundamentals
  • Author : Ioana Gloria Petrisor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-14
  • Total pages :445
  • ISBN : 9781466571594
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Summary : A Practical Guide to Environmental Crime Scene InvestigationsReleasing contaminants into the environment-whether deliberate or unintentional-can be thought of as a crime against the environment. The role of environmental forensics is to identify and prevent environmental pollution, or crimes. Environmental Forensics Fundamentals: A Practical Guide

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-09-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 1420050621
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Summary : Offering state-of-the-art techniques for both attorneys and environmental scientists, Environmental Forensics: Principles and Applications discusses non-chemical methods such as corrosion modeling, inventory reconciliation, and aerial photography interpretation. The book also covers chemical fingerprinting used to identify the origin and age of a contaminant release- relevant techniques include the use of radioactive isotope analysis, degradation modeling based on half-lives, and fuel additives such as MTBE. Environmental Forensics provides case study examples of environmental trial exhibits. It covers misused techniques that can bias the scientific validity of a trial exhibit, such as scale exaggeration, use of statistical manipulation, data contouring, and selective presentation. Detailed information is provided for identifying and interpreting those portions of environmental reports that are "target rich" sources of scientific biases. These include the identification of false positive, false negative and the intentional manipulation of environmental data that occurs primarily in the sample collection process.

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Author : Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-20
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780444594518
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Summary : Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
  • Author : International Network of Environmental Forensics. Conference,Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : 9781847552587
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Summary : This professionally edited and well organized book is the first in a series which will archive key presentations from the annual conferences sponsored by the Society of Environmental Forensics.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Robert D. Morrison,Brian Murphy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :541
  • ISBN : 9780125077514
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Summary : Environmental forensics is the application of scientific techniques for the purpose of identifying the source and age of a contaminant. Over the past several years, this study has been expanding as a course of study in academia, government and commercial markets. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are among the governmental agencies that utilize the study of environmental forensics to ensure national security and to ensure that companies are complying with standards. Even the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a group supported by the European Commission and the World Bank, utilizes the study of environmental forensics as it applies to terror threats. This title is a hands-on guide for environmental scientists, engineers, consultants and industrial scientists to identify the origin and age of a contaminant in the environment and the issues involved in the process. An expansion of the authors' first title with Academic Press, Introduction to Environmental Forensics, this is a state-of-the-art reference for those exploring the scientific techniques available. * Up-to-date compendium for referencing forensic techniques unique to particular contaminants. * International scientific unit system * Contributors from around the world providing international examples and case studies.

Introduction to Forensic Engineering

Introduction to Forensic Engineering
  • Author : Randall K. Noon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-24
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781000099232
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Summary : Forensic engineering is generally defined as the application of engineering principles and methodology to answer questions of fact that may have legal ramifications. This new book provides an introduction to the science, methodology, and engineering principles involved in the diagnosis of some common types of accidents and failures, such as fires, explosions, automobile accidents, storm damage, industrial accidents, slips and falls, arson, water pipe damage and more. Each chapter stands alone and can be read without reference to the others. The chapters have been written so that non-technical professionals can easily digest the information and immediately apply it. The book will also be useful to technical professionals who are unfamiliar with particular investigative methodology or technical points of interest. Introduction to Forensic Engineering will benefit lawyers, insurance investigators, engineers, and other professionals who must handle investigative and legal aspects of accidents or failures.

Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation

Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation
  • Author : Yue Rong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-03
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9781351590433
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Summary : Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation examines all aspects of environmental site assessment and remediation and outlines the interdisciplinary skills needed to work in the field. It provides a comprehensive overview for students, environmental professionals, and real estate developers, and includes the latest environmental regulations, environmental site assessment and remediation practices, and industry standards. It examines pollution sources and the related impacts on drinking water supplies, the associated health risks, and how to protect water resources. The monitoring of surface water, groundwater, and soil is explained, as well as vapor intrusion. It will include several practical case studies throughout. Features Includes the latest and best practices for environmental site assessment and remediation procedures. Presents a multidisciplinary approach, including environmental forensics, nanotechnology, microbiology (DNA technology) and isotopes, etc. Examines various pollutants and their related impacts on drinking water supplies, the associated health risks, and how to protect water resources. Presents the best practices for the monitoring of surface water, groundwater, and soil. Covers the latest environmental regulations and industry standards.

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics
  • Author : Karl Ritz,Lorna Dawson,David Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-23
  • Total pages :519
  • ISBN : 9781402092046
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Summary : Soils have important roles to play in criminal and environmental forensic science. Since the initial concept of using soil in forensic investigations was mooted by Conan Doyle in his Sherlock Holmes stories prior to real-world applications, this branch of forensic science has become increasingly sophisticated and broad. New techniques in chemical, physical, biological, ecological and spatial analysis, coupled with informatics, are being applied to reducing areas of search by investigators, site identification, site comparison and measurement for the eventual use as evidence in court. Soils can provide intelligence, in assisting the determination of the provenance of samples from artifacts, victims or suspects, enabling their linkage to locations or other evidence. They also modulate change in surface or buried cadavers and hence affect the ability to estimate post-mortem or post-burial intervals, and locate clandestine graves. This interdisciplinary volume explores the conceptual and practical interplay of soil and geoforensics across the scientific, investigative and legal fields. Supported by reviews, case-studies from across the world, and reports of original research, it demonstrates the increasing convergence of a wide range of knowledge. It covers conceptual issues, evidence (from recovery to use in court), geoforensics, taphonomy, as well as leading-edge technologies. The application of the resultant soil forensics toolbox is leading to significant advances in improving crime detection, and environmental and national security.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
  • Author : R E Hester,R M Harrison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-27
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9781847558343
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Summary : 'Environmental forensics' is a combination of analytical and environmental chemistry, which is useful in the court room context. It therefore involves field analytical studies and both data interpretation and modelling connected with the attribution of pollution events to their causes. Recent decades have seen a burgeoning of legislation designed to protect the environment and, as the costs of environmental damage and clean-up are considerable, not only are there prosecutions by regulatory agencies, but the courts are also used as a means of adjudication of civil damage claims relating to environmental causes or environmental degradation. As a result is the increasing number of prosecutions of companies who have breached regulations for environmental protection and in civil claims relating to harm caused by excessive pollutant releases to the environment. Such cases can become extremely protracted as expert witnesses provide their sometimes conflicting interpretations of environmental measurement data and their meaning. It is in this context that environmental forensics is developing as a specialism, leading to greater formalisation of investigative methods which should lead to more definitive findings and less scope for experts to disagree. Now a significant subject in its own right, at least one journal devoted to the field and a number of degree courses have sprung up. As a result of the topicality and rapid growth of the subject area, is the publication of this book - the 26th volume in the highly acclaimed Issues in Environmental Science and Technology Series. This volume contains authoritative articles by a number of the leading practitioners across the globe in the environmental forensics field and aims to cover some of the main techniques and areas to which environmental forensics are being applied. The content is comprehensive and describes a number of the key areas within environmental forensics - topics covered by the authors include: - Source identification issues - Microbial techniques - Metal contamination and methods of assigning liability - The use of isotopes to determine sources and their applications - Molecular biological methods - Hydrocarbon fingerprinting techniques - Oil chemistry and key compound identification - The emerging role of environmental forensics in groundwater pollution Additionally, the volume considers specific pollutants and long-lived pollutants of groundwater such as halocarbons which have presented particular problems and which are described in some depth, as well as the way in which chemical degradation processes can lead to compositional changes which provide valuable information. The book provides a comprehensive overview of many of the key areas of environmental forensics written by some of the leading experts in the field. It will be both of specialist use to those seeking expert insights into the field and its capabilities as well as of more general interest to those involved in both environmental analytical science and environmental law.

Landscapes and the Law

Landscapes and the Law
  • Author : Gunnel Cederlöf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-28
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780199099276
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Summary : Landscapes and the Law is situated at the crossroads of environmental, colonial, and legal history. It examines the role of law in consolidating early colonial rule from the perspective of people’s access to nature in forests and hill tracts. This major interdisciplinary study is thus concerned with the social history of legal processes and the making of law, being as relevant today as it was when first published a decade ago. The book is focused equally on the multitude of colliding claims for access to land and resources, and the complex ways in which customary rights are redefined and codified for the purpose of securing and legitimizing colonial sovereign rule. Basing her archival and field work on the Nilgiri Hills in South India, Gunnel Cederlöf explores conflicting perceptions of nature and political visions that are projected onto landscapes and people. She traces debates on property and land rights, and how the empirical sciences merge with the legal claims justifying land acquisition. Popular resistance strategies to such exploitation are analysed, and a cross-cultural comparison made between early legal processes and social history in India, New Zealand, and North America.

Practical Environmental Forensics

Practical Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Patrick J. Sullivan,Franklin J. Agardy,Richard K. Traub
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-07-23
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 0471437654
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Summary : A comprehensive practical guide to environmental forensics With real-world examples and advice on both scientific and legal issues, Practical Environmental Forensics stands on the front line of this new interdisciplinary approach to the environmental litigation process. Compiled by experts with decades of combined experience in teaching, research, consulting, and litigation, it is the first book to offer a comprehensive presentation of environmental forensics.The first section provides an introduction to the forensic process, a historical perspective on pollution, and related laws and insurance issues. The book continues with a review of the most commonly used technical approaches and methods employed to support forensic litigation case issues. A third section introduces essential environmental forensic support functions, including admissibility of evidence, expert case management, and the use of mediation methods in settling cases. Finally, the book explores the environmental forensic process through an extensive body of real case studies in which the authors have participated. This comprehensive guidebook includes: * Guidance in the development and presentation of forensic opinions within the litigation process * Stand-alone applications of historical research, groundwater contaminant modeling, chemical fingerprinting, toxicology, and risk assessment to environmental litigation * Chemical and investigative forensic methods presented within the context of environmental forensic case histories * Illustrative problem-solving as an invaluable teaching and learning resource * Typical forensic cases grouped to illustrate the three main areas of environmental litigation: minimizing damages to clients, allocating damages between responsible parties, and resolution of insurance-related issues For engineers, scientists, attorneys, government regulators, financial and real estate professionals, and the broad spectrum of environmental consultants, this book is critical for all whose work involves environmental contamination.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
  • Author : International Network of Environmental Forensics. Conference
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9781849733724
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Summary : The proceedings of International Network of Environmental Forensics Cambridge Conference 2011 held at St John's College, Cambridge, UK on 25-27 July, 2011.

Citrus

Citrus
  • Author : Pierre Laszlo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9780226470283
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Summary : Laszlo traces the spectacular rise and spread of citrus across the globe, from southeast Asia in 4000 BC to modern Spain and Portugal, whose explorers inroduced the fruit to the Americas. This book explores the numerous roles that citrus has played in agriculture, horticulture, cooking, nutrition, religion, and art.

The Geospatial Web

The Geospatial Web
  • Author : Arno Scharl,Klaus Tochtermann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-28
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 1846288274
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Summary : This volume emphasizes the applications and implications of the Geospatial Web and the role of contextual knowledge in shaping the emerging network society. There is a clear focus on applied geospatial aspects. The book has contributions from a very active research community. Containing chapters from renowned researchers and practitioners, this volume will be invaluable to all interested in this field.

EU Enlargement and the Environment

EU Enlargement and the Environment
  • Author : JoAnn Carmin,Stacy D. VanDeveer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 0415351863
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Summary : This volume focuses attention on key environmental and institutional changes associated with eastern expansion of the European Union, assessing and challenging prevailing views about the outcomes and processes of this historic development. Looking at four central themes -- capacity changes and limitations, the EU's mixed messages and conflicting priorities, non-state actor roles and developments, and the exchange of ideas and information - the volume shows that enlargement will change the EU, not just make it bigger, and that EU officials and programs are improving aspects of environmental policy in CEE countries even as they are making others less sustainable. This book was previously published as a special issue of the journal Environmental Politics.

Environmental Best Management Practices for Aquaculture

Environmental Best Management Practices for Aquaculture
  • Author : Craig S. Tucker,John A. Hargreaves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-03
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9780813802787
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Summary : Published in Cooperation with THE UNITED STATES AQUACULTURESOCIETY The rapid growth of aquaculture worldwide and domestically hascaused concerns over social and environmental impacts.Environmental advocacy groups and government regulatory agencieshave called for better management to address potentially negativeimpacts and assure sustainable aquaculture development. BestManagement Practices (BMPs) combine sound science, common sense,economics, and site-specific management to mitigate or preventadverse environmental impacts. Environmental Best Management Practices for Aquaculturewill provide technical guidance to improve the environmentalperformance of aquaculture. This book will be the onlycomprehensive guide to BMPs for mitigation of environmental impactsof aquaculture in the United States. The book addresses developmentand implementation of BMPs, BMPs for specific aquacultureproduction systems, and the economics of implementing bestmanagement practices. Written by internationally recognized expertsin environmental management and aquaculture from academia,government, and non-governmental organizations, this book will be avaluable reference for innovative producers, policy makers,regulators, research scientists, and students.