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Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Hiroshi Inomata,Cor Peters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :729
  • ISBN : 0444522158
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Summary : This text provides an introduction to supercritical fluids with easy-to-use Excel spreadsheets suitable for both specialized-discipline (chemistry or chemical engineering student) and mixed-discipline (engineering/economic student) classes. Each chapter contains worked examples, tip boxes and end-of-the-chapter problems and projects. Part I covers web-based chemical information resources, applications and simplified theory presented in a way that allows students of all disciplines to delve into the properties of supercritical fluids and to design energy, extraction and materials formation systems for real-world processes that use supercritical water or supercritical carbon dioxide. Part II takes a practical approach and addresses the thermodynamic framework, equations of state, fluid phase equilibria, heat and mass transfer, chemical equilibria and reaction kinetics of supercritical fluids. Spreadsheets are arranged as Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) functions and macros that are completely (source code) accessible for students who have interest in developing their own programs. Programming is not required to solve problems or to complete projects in the text. Property worksheets/spreadsheets that are easy to use in learning environments Worked examples with Excel VBA Worksheet functions allow users to design their own processes Fluid phase equilibria and chemical equilibria worksheets allow users to change conditions, study new solutes, co-solvents, chemical systems or reactions

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith Jr.,Hiroshi Inomata,Cor Peters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780080931302
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Summary : This text provides an introduction to supercritical fluids with easy-to-use Excel spreadsheets suitable for both specialized-discipline (chemistry or chemical engineering student) and mixed-discipline (engineering/economic student) classes. Each chapter contains worked examples, tip boxes and end-of-the-chapter problems and projects. Part I covers web-based chemical information resources, applications and simplified theory presented in a way that allows students of all disciplines to delve into the properties of supercritical fluids and to design energy, extraction and materials formation systems for real-world processes that use supercritical water or supercritical carbon dioxide. Part II takes a practical approach and addresses the thermodynamic framework, equations of state, fluid phase equilibria, heat and mass transfer, chemical equilibria and reaction kinetics of supercritical fluids. Spreadsheets are arranged as Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) functions and macros that are completely (source code) accessible for students who have interest in developing their own programs. Programming is not required to solve problems or to complete projects in the text. Property worksheets/spreadsheets that are easy to use in learning environments Worked examples with Excel VBA Worksheet functions allow users to design their own processes Fluid phase equilibria and chemical equilibria worksheets allow users to change conditions, study new solutes, co-solvents, chemical systems or reactions

Supercritical Fluid Methods and Protocols

Supercritical Fluid Methods and Protocols
  • Author : Tony Clifford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781592590308
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Summary : Because of their unique properties and relatively low environmental impact, supercritical fluids have proven highly useful in the extraction and separation of organic compounds, in particle production, as reaction media, and for the destruction of toxic waste. In Supercritical Fluid Methods and Protocols, experienced practitioners present detailed accounts of a wide variety of techniques using supercritical fluids. These range from the supercritical fluid extraction methods for numerous compounds to the ninhydrin staining of fingerprints on checks and banknotes, and from the detection of impurities in pharmaceuticals to a wide variety of applications throughout environmental and food science, and across analytical, clinical, and medicinal chemistry. Detailed step-by-step instructions enable users to apply these essential techniques successfully the first time, and include modifications that permit their effective adaptation to novel experimental or process conditions. For each application, additional discussions provide needed background information, lists of materials and apparatus, and advice about common pitfalls and how to avoid them. Versatile and comprehensive, Supercritical Methods and Protocols offers both novice and experienced investigators and laboratory analysts powerful tools that will enable successful biological and bioprocess analyses and optimizations today.

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076897
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Summary :

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076873
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Summary :

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076880
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Summary :

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076958
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Summary :

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076866
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Summary :

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076927
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Summary :

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076910
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Summary :

Supercritical Fluid Extraction

Supercritical Fluid Extraction
  • Author : Mark A. McHugh,Val J. Krukonis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :507
  • ISBN : OCLC:964131345
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Summary :

Supercritical Fluids

Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : E. Kiran,Johanna M.H. Levelt Sengers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :796
  • ISBN : 9789401582957
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Summary : Supercritical fluids which are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density, are gaining increasing importance as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the pressure, or more strictly the density, the properties of these fluids are customized and manipulated for the particular process at hand, be it a physical transformation, such as separation or solvation, or a chemical transformation, such as a reaction or reactive extraction. Supercritical fluids, however, differ from both gases and liquids in many respects. In order to properly understand and describe their properties, it is necessary to know the implications of their nearness to criticality, to be aware of the complex types of phase separation (including solid phases) that occur when the components of the fluid mixture are very different from each other, and to develop theories that can cope with the large differences in molecular size and shape of the supercritical solvent and the solutes that are present.

Supercritical Fluid Cleaning

Supercritical Fluid Cleaning
  • Author : Samuel P. Sawan,Samuel P Sawan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-31
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780815519164
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Summary : Although supercritial fluid (SCF) technology is now widely used in extraction and purification processes (in the petrochemical, food and pharmaceuticals industries), this book is the first to address the new application of cleaning. The objective is to provide a roadmap for readers who want to know whether SCF technology can meet their own processing and cleaning needs. It is particularly helpful to those striving to balance the requirements for a clean product and a clean environment. The interdisciplinary subject matter will appeal to scientists and engineers in all specialties ranging from materials and polymer sciences to chemistry and physics. It is also useful to those developing new processes for other applications, and references given at the end of each chapter provide links to the wider body of SCF literature. The book is organized with topics progressing from the fundamental nature of the supercritical state, through process conditions and materials interactions, to economic considerations. Practical examples are included to show how the technology has been successfully applied. The first four chapters consider principles governing SCF processing, detailing issues such as solubility, design for cleanability, and the dynamics of particle removal. The next three chapters discuss surfactants and microemulsions, SCF interaction with polymers, and the use of supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) as a cleaning solvent. The closing chapters focus on more practical considerations such as scaleup, equipment costs, and financial analysis.

Chemical Synthesis Using Supercritical Fluids

Chemical Synthesis Using Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Philip G. Jessop,Walter Leitner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-11
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9783527613694
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Summary : For 'better solutions' - this practical guide describes how to take advantage of supercritical fluids in chemical synthesis. Well-established in extractions and materials processing, supercritical fluids are becoming increasingly popular as media for modern chemical syntheses. Historically, the application of compressed gases has been restricted mainly to the production of bulk chemicals. In the last decade, however, research has turned to exploiting the unique properties of supercritical fluids for the synthesis of fine chemicals and specialized materials. Now that the necessary equipment is more readily available, the use of supercritical fluids should become more widespread in both laboratory and industrial scale syntheses. More than merely a concise introduction to the properties of supercritical fluids, here leading experts give a thorough, up-to-date account of chemistry in these alternative media. In-depth scientific commentary, detailed reaction protocols, descriptions of necessary equipment, and an outline of spectroscopic techniques add to the value of this handbook aimed at innovative synthetic chemists.

Supercritical Fluids

Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Y. Arai,T. Sako,Y. Takebayashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-07
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9783642562389
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Summary : The potential of supercritical fluid methods is presented in a comprehensive way. On the basis of a careful discussion of physical and chemical principles, the application of this method in process technology is demonstrated.

Gas Extraction

Gas Extraction
  • Author : Gerd Brunner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :387
  • ISBN : 9783662073803
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Summary : Application of compressed gases as solvents has found widespread interest within the scientific community. Its processes have industrial applications. Gas Extraction deals with the possibilities of supercritical gases as solvents for separation processes. The volume combines physico-chemical aspects with chemical engineering methods. The text generalizes as far as possible, and treats examples in detail. Gas Extraction covers, for the first time, the subject in textbook form. Most of the examples provide new results that will be helpful for practicing scientists, engineers, and students who want to make use of the techniques.

Supercritical Fluid Nanotechnology

Supercritical Fluid Nanotechnology
  • Author : Concepcion Domingo Pascual,Pascale Subra-Paternault
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-22
  • Total pages :566
  • ISBN : 9789814613415
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Summary : The environmental and climate program demands technological solutions in the chemical industry that incorporate prevention of pollution. Major advances are needed to reduce the use of organic solvents, such as methanol, toluene, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone, and dichloromethane, which account for 27 percent of total toxics release inventory chemical

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076903
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Summary :

High-Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria

High-Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria
  • Author : Ulrich K Deiters,Thomas Kraska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-26
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9780444563545
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Summary : The book begins with an overview of the phase diagrams of fluid mixtures (fluid = liquid, gas, or supercritical state), which can show an astonishing variety when elevated pressures are taken into account; phenomena like retrograde condensation (single and double) and azeotropy (normal and double) are discussed. It then gives an introduction into the relevant thermodynamic equations for fluid mixtures, including some that are rarely found in modern textbooks, and shows how they can they be used to compute phase diagrams and related properties. This chapter gives a consistent and axiomatic approach to fluid thermodynamics; it avoids using activity coefficients. Further chapters are dedicated to solid-fluid phase equilibria and global phase diagrams (systematic search for phase diagram classes). The appendix contains numerical algorithms needed for the computations. The book thus enables the reader to create or improve computer programs for the calculation of fluid phase diagrams. introduces phase diagram classes, how to recognize them and identify their characteristic features presents rational nomenclature of binary fluid phase diagrams includes problems and solutions for self-testing, exercises or seminars

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids

Introduction to Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Richard Smith,Cor Peters,Hiroshi Inomata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-08
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780128076934
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Summary :

Supercritical Water

Supercritical Water
  • Author : Yizhak Marcus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-15
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9781118310274
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Summary : Discover the many new and emerging applications of supercritical water as a green solvent Drawing from thousands of original research articles, this book reviews and summarizes what is currently known about the properties and uses of supercritical water. In particular, it focuses on new and emerging applications of supercritical water as a green solvent, including the catalytic conversion of biomass into fuels and the oxidation of hazardous materials. Supercritical Water begins with an introduction that defines supercritical fluids in general. It then defines supercritical water in particular, using the saturation curve to illustrate its relationship to regular water. Following this introduction, the book: Describes the bulk macroscopic properties of supercritical water, using equations of state to explain temperature-pressure-density relationships Examines supercritical water's molecular properties, setting forth the latest experimental data as well as computer simulations that shed new light on structure and dynamics Explores the solubilities of gases, organic substances, salts, and ions in supercritical water in terms of the relevant phase equilibria Sets forth the practical uses of supercritical water at both small scales and full industrial scales Throughout the book, the author uses tables for at-a-glance reviews of key information. Summaries at the end of each chapter reinforce core principles, and references to original research and reviews serve as a gateway and guide to the extensive literature in the field. Supercritical Water is written for students and professionals in physical chemistry, chemistry of water, chemical engineering, and organic chemistry, interested in exploring the applications and properties of supercritical water.