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Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation

Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation
  • Author : Petr Skoda,Fathalrahman Adam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128191545
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Summary : Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation: Astrogeoinformatics bridges the gap between astronomy and geoscience in the context of applications, techniques and key principles of big data. Machine learning and parallel computing are increasingly becoming cross-disciplinary as the phenomena of Big Data is becoming common place. This book provides insight into the common workflows and data science tools used for big data in astronomy and geoscience. After establishing similarity in data gathering, pre-processing and handling, the data science aspects are illustrated in the context of both fields. Software, hardware and algorithms of big data are addressed. Finally, the book offers insight into the emerging science which combines data and expertise from both fields in studying the effect of cosmos on the earth and its inhabitants.

Computer Vision – ECCV 2020

Computer Vision – ECCV 2020
  • Author : Andrea Vedaldi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783030585747
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Summary :

Spatial Big Data Science

Spatial Big Data Science
  • Author : Zhe Jiang,Shashi Shekhar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-13
  • Total pages :131
  • ISBN : 9783319601953
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Summary : Emerging Spatial Big Data (SBD) has transformative potential in solving many grand societal challenges such as water resource management, food security, disaster response, and transportation. However, significant computational challenges exist in analyzing SBD due to the unique spatial characteristics including spatial autocorrelation, anisotropy, heterogeneity, multiple scales and resolutions which is illustrated in this book. This book also discusses current techniques for, spatial big data science with a particular focus on classification techniques for earth observation imagery big data. Specifically, the authors introduce several recent spatial classification techniques, such as spatial decision trees and spatial ensemble learning. Several potential future research directions are also discussed. This book targets an interdisciplinary audience including computer scientists, practitioners and researchers working in the field of data mining, big data, as well as domain scientists working in earth science (e.g., hydrology, disaster), public safety and public health. Advanced level students in computer science will also find this book useful as a reference.

Earth Observation Open Science and Innovation

Earth Observation Open Science and Innovation
  • Author : Pierre-Philippe Mathieu,Christoph Aubrecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-23
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9783319656335
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Summary : This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. Over the past decades, rapid developments in digital and sensing technologies, such as the Cloud, Web and Internet of Things, have dramatically changed the way we live and work. The digital transformation is revolutionizing our ability to monitor our planet and transforming the way we access, process and exploit Earth Observation data from satellites. This book reviews these megatrends and their implications for the Earth Observation community as well as the wider data economy. It provides insight into new paradigms of Open Science and Innovation applied to space data, which are characterized by openness, access to large volume of complex data, wide availability of new community tools, new techniques for big data analytics such as Artificial Intelligence, unprecedented level of computing power, and new types of collaboration among researchers, innovators, entrepreneurs and citizen scientists. In addition, this book aims to provide readers with some reflections on the future of Earth Observation, highlighting through a series of use cases not just the new opportunities created by the New Space revolution, but also the new challenges that must be addressed in order to make the most of the large volume of complex and diverse data delivered by the new generation of satellites.

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Big Data

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Big Data
  • Author : Wesley W. Chu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-24
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9783642408373
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Summary : The field of data mining has made significant and far-reaching advances over the past three decades. Because of its potential power for solving complex problems, data mining has been successfully applied to diverse areas such as business, engineering, social media, and biological science. Many of these applications search for patterns in complex structural information. In biomedicine for example, modeling complex biological systems requires linking knowledge across many levels of science, from genes to disease. Further, the data characteristics of the problems have also grown from static to dynamic and spatiotemporal, complete to incomplete, and centralized to distributed, and grow in their scope and size (this is known as big data). The effective integration of big data for decision-making also requires privacy preservation. The contributions to this monograph summarize the advances of data mining in the respective fields. This volume consists of nine chapters that address subjects ranging from mining data from opinion, spatiotemporal databases, discriminative subgraph patterns, path knowledge discovery, social media, and privacy issues to the subject of computation reduction via binary matrix factorization.

Statistical Data Analytics

Statistical Data Analytics
  • Author : Walter W. Piegorsch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-01
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9781119043638
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Summary : Solutions Manual to accompany Statistical Data Analytics: Foundations for Data Mining, Informatics, and Knowledge Discovery A comprehensive introduction to statistical methods for data mining and knowledge discovery. Extensive solutions using actual data (with sample R programming code) are provided, illustrating diverse informatic sources in genomics, biomedicine, ecological remote sensing, astronomy, socioeconomics, marketing, advertising and finance, among many others.

Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery

Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery
  • Author : Carlos Ordonez,Il-Yeol Song,Gabriele Anderst-Kotsis,A Min Tjoa,Ismail Khalil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-02
  • Total pages :321
  • ISBN : 9783030275204
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery, DaWaK 2019, held in Linz, Austria, in September 2019. The 12 full papers and 10 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 61 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: Applications; patterns; RDF and streams; big data systems; graphs and machine learning; databases.

Guide to Intelligent Data Science

Guide to Intelligent Data Science
  • Author : Michael R. Berthold
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783030455743
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Summary :

Earth Observation Data Cubes

Earth Observation Data Cubes
  • Author : Gregory Giuliani,Gilberto Camara,Brian Killough,Stuart Minchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-16
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9783039280926
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Summary : Satellite Earth observation (EO) data have already exceeded the petabyte scale and are increasingly freely and openly available from different data providers. This poses a number of issues in terms of volume (e.g., data volumes have increased 10× in the last 5 years); velocity (e.g., Sentinel-2 is capturing a new image of any given place every 5 days); and variety (e.g., different types of sensors, spatial/spectral resolutions). Traditional approaches to the acquisition, management, distribution, and analysis of EO data have limitations (e.g., data size, heterogeneity, and complexity) that impede their true information potential to be realized. Addressing these big data challenges requires a change of paradigm and a move away from local processing and data distribution methods to lower the barriers caused by data size and related complications in data management. To tackle these issues, EO data cubes (EODC) are a new paradigm revolutionizing the way users can store, organize, manage, and analyze EO data. This Special Issue is consequently aiming to cover the most recent advances in EODC developments and implementations to broaden the use of EO data to larger communities of users, support decision-makers with timely and actionable information converted into meaningful geophysical variables, and ultimately unlock the information power of EO data.

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics
  • Author : Oddbjørn Engvold,Jean-Claude Vial,Andrew Skumanich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : 9780128143353
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Summary : The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics illustrates the significance of the Sun in understanding stars through an examination of the discoveries and insights gained from solar physics research. Ranging from theories to modeling and from numerical simulations to instrumentation and data processing, the book provides an overview of what we currently understand and how the Sun can be a model for gaining further knowledge about stellar physics. Providing both updates on recent developments in solar physics and applications to stellar physics, this book strengthens the solar–stellar connection and summarizes what we know about the Sun for the stellar, space, and geophysics communities. Applies observations, theoretical understanding, modeling capabilities and physical processes first revealed by the sun to the study of stellar physics Illustrates how studies of Proxima Solaris have led to progress in space science, stellar physics and related fields Uses characteristics of solar phenomena as a guide for understanding the physics of stars

Data Mining

Data Mining
  • Author : Krzysztof J. Cios,Witold Pedrycz,Roman W. Swiniarski,Lukasz Andrzej Kurgan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-05
  • Total pages :606
  • ISBN : 9780387367958
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Summary : This comprehensive textbook on data mining details the unique steps of the knowledge discovery process that prescribes the sequence in which data mining projects should be performed, from problem and data understanding through data preprocessing to deployment of the results. This knowledge discovery approach is what distinguishes Data Mining from other texts in this area. The book provides a suite of exercises and includes links to instructional presentations. Furthermore, it contains appendices of relevant mathematical material.

The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments

The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments
  • Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Research Data and Information
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-13
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780309267953
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Summary : Digital technologies and networks are now part of everyday work in the sciences, and have enhanced access to and use of scientific data, information, and literature significantly. They offer the promise of accelerating the discovery and communication of knowledge, both within the scientific community and in the broader society, as scientific data and information are made openly available online. The focus of this project was on computer-mediated or computational scientific knowledge discovery, taken broadly as any research processes enabled by digital computing technologies. Such technologies may include data mining, information retrieval and extraction, artificial intelligence, distributed grid computing, and others. These technological capabilities support computer-mediated knowledge discovery, which some believe is a new paradigm in the conduct of research. The emphasis was primarily on digitally networked data, rather than on the scientific, technical, and medical literature. The meeting also focused mostly on the advantages of knowledge discovery in open networked environments, although some of the disadvantages were raised as well. The workshop brought together a set of stakeholders in this area for intensive and structured discussions. The purpose was not to make a final declaration about the directions that should be taken, but to further the examination of trends in computational knowledge discovery in the open networked environments, based on the following questions and tasks: 1. Opportunities and Benefits: What are the opportunities over the next 5 to 10 years associated with the use of computer-mediated scientific knowledge discovery across disciplines in the open online environment? What are the potential benefits to science and society of such techniques? 2. Techniques and Methods for Development and Study of Computer-mediated Scientific Knowledge Discovery: What are the techniques and methods used in government, academia, and industry to study and understand these processes, the validity and reliability of their results, and their impact inside and outside science? 3. Barriers: What are the major scientific, technological, institutional, sociological, and policy barriers to computer-mediated scientific knowledge discovery in the open online environment within the scientific community? What needs to be known and studied about each of these barriers to help achieve the opportunities for interdisciplinary science and complex problem solving? 4. Range of Options: Based on the results obtained in response to items 1-3, define a range of options that can be used by the sponsors of the project, as well as other similar organizations, to obtain and promote a better understanding of the computer-mediated scientific knowledge discovery processes and mechanisms for openly available data and information online across the scientific domains. The objective of defining these options is to improve the activities of the sponsors (and other similar organizations) and the activities of researchers that they fund externally in this emerging research area. The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments: Summary of a Workshop summarizes the responses to these questions and tasks at hand.

Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams

Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams
  • Author : Joao Gama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-25
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 9781439826126
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Summary : Since the beginning of the Internet age and the increased use of ubiquitous computing devices, the large volume and continuous flow of distributed data have imposed new constraints on the design of learning algorithms. Exploring how to extract knowledge structures from evolving and time-changing data, Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams presents a coherent overview of state-of-the-art research in learning from data streams. The book covers the fundamentals that are imperative to understanding data streams and describes important applications, such as TCP/IP traffic, GPS data, sensor networks, and customer click streams. It also addresses several challenges of data mining in the future, when stream mining will be at the core of many applications. These challenges involve designing useful and efficient data mining solutions applicable to real-world problems. In the appendix, the author includes examples of publicly available software and online data sets. This practical, up-to-date book focuses on the new requirements of the next generation of data mining. Although the concepts presented in the text are mainly about data streams, they also are valid for different areas of machine learning and data mining.

Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: Challenges and Realities

Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: Challenges and Realities
  • Author : Zhu, Xingquan,Davidson, Ian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-30
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781599042541
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Summary : "This book provides a focal point for research and real-world data mining practitioners that advance knowledge discovery from low-quality data; it presents in-depth experiences and methodologies, providing theoretical and empirical guidance to users who have suffered from underlying low-quality data. Contributions also focus on interdisciplinary collaborations among data quality, data processing, data mining, data privacy, and data sharing"--Provided by publisher.

Principles of Big Data

Principles of Big Data
  • Author : Jules J. Berman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-20
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780124047242
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Summary : Principles of Big Data helps readers avoid the common mistakes that endanger all Big Data projects. By stressing simple, fundamental concepts, this book teaches readers how to organize large volumes of complex data, and how to achieve data permanence when the content of the data is constantly changing. General methods for data verification and validation, as specifically applied to Big Data resources, are stressed throughout the book. The book demonstrates how adept analysts can find relationships among data objects held in disparate Big Data resources, when the data objects are endowed with semantic support (i.e., organized in classes of uniquely identified data objects). Readers will learn how their data can be integrated with data from other resources, and how the data extracted from Big Data resources can be used for purposes beyond those imagined by the data creators. Learn general methods for specifying Big Data in a way that is understandable to humans and to computers Avoid the pitfalls in Big Data design and analysis Understand how to create and use Big Data safely and responsibly with a set of laws, regulations and ethical standards that apply to the acquisition, distribution and integration of Big Data resources

Analysis of Large and Complex Data

Analysis of Large and Complex Data
  • Author : Adalbert F.X. Wilhelm,Hans A. Kestler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-03
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9783319252261
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Summary : This book offers a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in classification at the interface between statistics, computer science and application fields. The contributions span a broad spectrum, from theoretical developments to practical applications; they all share a strong computational component. The topics addressed are from the following fields: Statistics and Data Analysis; Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery; Data Analysis in Marketing; Data Analysis in Finance and Economics; Data Analysis in Medicine and the Life Sciences; Data Analysis in the Social, Behavioural, and Health Care Sciences; Data Analysis in Interdisciplinary Domains; Classification and Subject Indexing in Library and Information Science. The book presents selected papers from the Second European Conference on Data Analysis, held at Jacobs University Bremen in July 2014. This conference unites diverse researchers in the pursuit of a common topic, creating truly unique synergies in the process.

The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics

The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-02-01
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780309043816
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Summary : Astronomers and astrophysicists are making revolutionary advances in our understanding of planets, stars, galaxies, and even the structure of the universe itself. The Decade of Discovery presents a survey of this exciting field of science and offers a prioritized agenda for space- and ground-based research into the twenty-first century. The book presents specific recommendations, programs, and expenditure levels to meet the needs of the astronomy and astrophysics communities. Accessible to the interested lay reader, the book explores: The technological investments needed for instruments that will be built in the next century. The importance of the computer revolution to all aspects of astronomical research. The potential usefulness of the moon as an observatory site. Policy issues relevant to the funding of astronomy and the execution of astronomical projects. The Decade of Discovery will prove valuable to science policymakers, research administrators, scientists, and students in the physical sciences, and interested lay readers. Alternate Selection, Astronomy Book Club

Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy

Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy
  • Author : Masami Onoda,Oran R Young
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-16
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : 9789811037139
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Summary : The result of a workshop bringing together an international advisory board of experts in science, satellite technologies, industry innovations, and public policy, this book addresses the current and future roles of satellite Earth observations in solving large-scale environmental problems. The book showcases the results of engaging distinct communities to enhance our ability to identify emerging problems and to administer international regimes created to solve them. It also reviews the work of the Policy and Earth Observation Innovation Cycle (PEOIC) project, an effort aimed at assessing the impact of satellite observations on environmental policy and to propose a mission going forward that would launch an “innovation cycle”. The achievements of such a mission would feed back to innovations in next-generation observation technology, thus contributing to global policy demand for policy-relevant information. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Knowledge Discovery Practices and Emerging Applications of Data Mining: Trends and New Domains

Knowledge Discovery Practices and Emerging Applications of Data Mining: Trends and New Domains
  • Author : Kumar, A.V. Senthil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-31
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9781609600693
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Summary : Knowledge Discovery Practices and Emerging Applications of Data Mining: Trends and New Domains introduces the reader to recent research activities in the field of data mining. This book covers association mining, classification, mobile marketing, opinion mining, microarray data mining, internet mining and applications of data mining on biological data, telecommunication and distributed databases, among others, while promoting understanding and implementation of data mining techniques in emerging domains.

Manual of Digital Earth

Manual of Digital Earth
  • Author : Huadong Guo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-01
  • Total pages :852
  • ISBN : 9789813299153
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Summary : This open access book offers a summary of the development of Digital Earth over the past twenty years. By reviewing the initial vision of Digital Earth, the evolution of that vision, the relevant key technologies, and the role of Digital Earth in helping people respond to global challenges, this publication reveals how and why Digital Earth is becoming vital for acquiring, processing, analysing and mining the rapidly growing volume of global data sets about the Earth. The main aspects of Digital Earth covered here include: Digital Earth platforms, remote sensing and navigation satellites, processing and visualizing geospatial information, geospatial information infrastructures, big data and cloud computing, transformation and zooming, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, and social media. Moreover, the book covers in detail the multi-layered/multi-faceted roles of Digital Earth in response to sustainable development goals, climate changes, and mitigating disasters, the applications of Digital Earth (such as digital city and digital heritage), the citizen science in support of Digital Earth, the economic value of Digital Earth, and so on. This book also reviews the regional and national development of Digital Earth around the world, and discusses the role and effect of education and ethics. Lastly, it concludes with a summary of the challenges and forecasts the future trends of Digital Earth. By sharing case studies and a broad range of general and scientific insights into the science and technology of Digital Earth, this book offers an essential introduction for an ever-growing international audience.

Science and Creationism

Science and Creationism
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :35
  • ISBN : 0309064066
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Summary : This edition of Science and Creationism summarizes key aspects of several of the most important lines of evidence supporting evolution. It describes some of the positions taken by advocates of creation science and presents an analysis of these claims. This document lays out for a broader audience the case against presenting religious concepts in science classes. The document covers the origin of the universe, Earth, and life; evidence supporting biological evolution; and human evolution. (Contains 31 references.) (CCM)