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Lanthanide-Based Multifunctional Materials

Lanthanide-Based Multifunctional Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-26
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780128138410
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Summary : Lanthanide-Based Multifunctional Materials: From OLEDs to SIMs serves as a comprehensive and state-of the art review on these promising compounds, delivering a panorama of their extensive and rapidly growing applications. After an introductory chapter on the theoretical description of the optical and magnetic behaviour of lanthanides and on the prediction of their properties by ab-initio methods, four chapters are devoted to lanthanide-based OLEDs, including the latest trends in visible emitters, the emerging field of near infrared emitters and the first achievements attained in the field of chiral OLEDs. The use of lanthanide complexes as molecular magnets spreads over another two chapters, which explain the evolution of 4f-elements-based SIMs and the most recent advances in heterometallic 3d–4f SMMs. Other very active research areas are covered in the remaining five chapters, dedicated to lanthanide-doped germanate and tellurite glasses, luminescent materials for up-conversion, luminescent thermosensors, multimodal imaging and therapeutic agents, and chemosensors. The book is aimed at academic and industrial researchers, undergraduates and postgraduates alike, and is of particular interest for the Materials Science, Applied Physics and Applied Chemistry communities. Includes the latest progress on lanthanide-based materials and their applications (in OLEDs, SIMs, doped matrices, up-conversion, thermosensors, theragnostics and chemosensors) Presents basic and applied aspects of the Physics and Chemistry of lanthanide compounds, as well as future lines of action Covers successful examples of devices and proofs-of-concept and provides guidelines for the rational design of new materials

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices
  • Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-21
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781000073201
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Summary : Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Persistent Phosphors

Persistent Phosphors
  • Author : Jianrong Qiu,Yang Li,Yongchao Jia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-08
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780128187722
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Summary : Persistent Phosphors: From Fundamentals to Applications provides an introduction to the key synthesis methods, characterization methods, physical mechanisms, and applications of this important luminescent materials system. The book covers basic persistent phosphorescence, introducing concepts such as emission, luminescence, phosphorescence, persistent phosphorescence and the development of persistent phosphors. Then, synthesis methods are reviewed and the connections between synthesis methods and improved materials properties are discussed. Characterization methods to investigate the trapping and de-trapping mechanism are also presented. Other sections cover the theoretical framework and energy band engineering models and materials with a focus on activators, hosts, emission bands and excitation bands. Finally, the most relevant applications of persistent phosphors are included for use in displays, safety signs, bio-labels and energy. Persistent Phosphors is an invaluable reference for materials scientists and engineers in academia and R&D. It is a key resource for chemists and physicists. Presents characterization techniques to reveal the photophysical and photochemical properties of defects for this important category of luminescent materials Discusses the structural role of defects in polycrystals and the capture-storing-migration-release progress of excited carriers Demonstrates the synthesis routes and potential applications for persistent phosphor materials

Multifunctional Molecular Materials

Multifunctional Molecular Materials
  • Author : Lahcene Ouahab
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-24
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 9789814364300
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview on multifunctional molecular materials that involve coexistence or interplay or synergy between multiple physical properties focusing on electrical conductivity, magnetism, single-molecule magnets behavior, chirality, spin crossover, and luminescence. The book’s coverage ranges from transition metals and lanthanide coordination complexes to genuine organic materials. The book also discusses some potentialities of applications of these materials in molecule-based devices.

Rare Earth Coordination Chemistry

Rare Earth Coordination Chemistry
  • Author : Chun-Hui Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-23
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9780470824863
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Summary : Edited by a highly regarded scientist and with contributions from sixteen international research groups, spanning Asia and North America, Rare Earth Coordination Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications provides the first one-stop reference resource for important accomplishments in the area of rare earth. Consisting of two parts, Fundamentals and Applications, readers are armed with the systematic basic aspects of rare earth coordination chemistry and presented with the latest developments in the applications of rare earths. The systematic introduction of basic knowledge, application technology and the latest developments in the field, makes this ideal for readers across both introductory and specialist levels.

Multi-Functional Materials and Structures III

Multi-Functional Materials and Structures III
  • Author : Joong Hee Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-11
  • Total pages :1332
  • ISBN : 9783038134015
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). It has become a essential but formidable task for all industries to concentrate on developing Nature-friendly products and services. The present work aims to bring together the current knowledge concerning Nature-friendly multi-functional materials and structures. The contributions concentrate on natural fiber composites, smart materials and structures, and advanced composites and their applications, and so on. Readers will find within the most up-to-date advances in the field of multi-functional materials and structures.

Lanthanide Single Molecule Magnets

Lanthanide Single Molecule Magnets
  • Author : Jinkui Tang,Peng Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-24
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 9783662469996
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Summary : This book begins by providing basic information on single-molecule magnets (SMMs), covering the magnetism of lanthanide, the characterization and relaxation dynamics of SMMs and advanced means of studying lanthanide SMMs. It then systematically introduces lanthanide SMMs ranging from mononuclear and dinuclear to polynuclear complexes, classifying them and highlighting those SMMs with high barrier and blocking temperatures – an approach that provides some very valuable indicators for the structural features needed to optimize the contribution of an Ising type spin to a molecular magnet. The final chapter presents some of the newest developments in the lanthanide SMM field, such as the design of multifunctional and stimuli-responsive magnetic materials as well as the anchoring and organization of the SMMs on surfaces. In addition, the crystal structure and magnetic data are clearly presented with a wealth of illustrations in each chapter, helping newcomers and experts alike to better grasp ongoing trends and explore new directions. Jinkui Tang is a professor at Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Peng Zhang is currently pursuing his PhD at Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, with a specific focus on the molecular magnetism of lanthanide compounds under the supervision of Prof. Jinkui Tang.

Materials Science & Engineering

Materials Science & Engineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105131890993
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Summary :

Phosphors for Energy Saving and Conversion Technology

Phosphors for Energy Saving and Conversion Technology
  • Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Sanjay J. Dhoble
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9780429943232
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Summary : This text deals with the advantages of rare earth activated phosphors for the development of solid state lighting technology and in enhancing the light conversion efficiency of Si solar cells. The book initiates with a short overview of the atomic and semiconductor theory followed by introduction to phosphor, its working mechanism, role of rare earth ions in the lighting and PV devices and host materials being used. Further, it introduces the applications of inorganic phosphor for the development of green energy and technology including advantages of UP/DC conversion phosphor layers in the enhancing the cell response of PV devices. Key Features: Focuses on discussion of phosphors for both solid state lighting and photovoltaics applications Provides introduction for practical applications including synthesis and characterization of phosphor materials Includes broad, in-depth introduction of semiconductors and related theory Enhances the basic understanding of optical properties for rare earth phosphors Covers up-conversion and down-conversion phosphor for energy harvesting applications

Orthogonal Supramolecular Interaction Motifs for Functional Monolayer Architectures

Orthogonal Supramolecular Interaction Motifs for Functional Monolayer Architectures
  • Author : Mahmut Deniz Yilmaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-30
  • Total pages :101
  • ISBN : 9783642302572
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Summary : Deniz Yilmaz' thesis describes a combination of orthogonal supramolecular interactions for the design of functional monolayer architectures on surfaces, that can be used as chemical and biosensors in a wide range of applications. The term “orthogonal supramolecular interactions” refers to non-covalent interactions that do not influence each other's assembly properties. Orthogonal self-assembly thus allows extended control over the self-assembly process and promotes new materials properties. The first part of the thesis employs orthogonal host-guest and lanthanide-ligand coordination interaction motifs to create supramolecular luminescent monolayers. The second part of the thesis describes the fabrication of functional monolayers on silicon and gold substrates for applications in electronics. The results illustrate the power of weak supramolecular interactions to direct the immobilization of functional systems on surfaces. The combination of host-guest and lanthanide-ligand coordination interaction motifs on surfaces demonstrates that hybrid, multifunctional supramolecular monolayers can be fabricated by integrating different non-covalent interactions in the same system. This combination opens up new avenues for the fabrication of complex hybrid organic-inorganic materials and stimuli-responsive surfaces. Their utility is demonstrated through applications of the functional interfaces to biosensing and nanotechnology.

Advanced Materials Forum ...

Advanced Materials Forum ...
  • Author : Sociedade Portuguesa de Materiais. Encontro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058697437
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Summary :

Advanced Materials Forum Two

Advanced Materials Forum Two
  • Author : Rodrigo Martins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :908
  • ISBN : UCAL:B5515843
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Summary : The II International Materials Symposium is a scientific forum which discusses advances in the science and technology of materials, and is organized by the Portuguese Materials Society. The II International Materials Symposium followed a series of bi-annual national and international conferences that began 20 years ago and has became, since 2001, an international forum where scientists, engineers and technologists working in the fields of Materials Science and Engineering discuss their recent results and exchange ideas and information.

Functional Molecular Materials

Functional Molecular Materials
  • Author : Matteo Atzori,Flavia Artizzu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-17
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781351233651
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Summary : The field of molecular materials represents an exciting playground for the design, tailoring, and combination of chemical building blocks as carriers of physical properties and aims at the understanding and development of novel functional molecular devices. Within this extraordinarily widespread framework, the realization of materials with the desired functionalities can only be achieved through a rational design strategy based on a solid understanding of the chemical and physical features of each constituting building block. This book provides a general overview of molecular materials, discussing their key features in a simple and organic way by focusing more on basic concepts rather than on specialized descriptions, in order to supply the non-expert reader with the immediate fundamental tools and hints to understand and develop research in this field. With this view, it is a step-by-step guide toward the preparation of functional molecular materials, where the knowledge and understanding so far attained by the scientific community through the investigation of significant archetypical examples is deconstructed down to the fundamental basis and then presented in reverse, from the base to the top.

Metal-containing and Metallosupramolecular Polymers and Materials

Metal-containing and Metallosupramolecular Polymers and Materials
  • Author : George Richard Newkome,Ian Manners
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :575
  • ISBN : UOM:39015063169695
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Summary : The last few years have brought a dramatic boom in the area of metal-containing systems and materials, both in supramolecular and polymer chemistry as well as nanoscience. Besides synthetic advances, a major increase in knowledge regarding metallopolymer characterization has been apparent. Moreover, recently a growing interest in the application of these materials can be seen. Potential applications are identified in the areas of smart or intelligent materials, systems with special photochemical and photophysical properties (such as LEDs or solar cells), nanoscience, sensory materials, as well as materials with very special thermal and mechanical properties. This symposium series book covers the complete range of metal-containing polymers and materials by first-hand articles from the world-leading groups. These include design, synthesis, characterization as well as selected applications.

Computational Organometallic Chemistry

Computational Organometallic Chemistry
  • Author : Thomas R. Cundari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-03-16
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 0824704789
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Summary : This work provides a how-to approach to the fundamentals, methodologies and dynamics of computational organometallic chemistry, including classical and molecular mechanics (MM), quantum mechanics (QM), and hybrid MM/QM techniques. It demonstrates applications in actinide chemistry, catalysis, main group chemistry, medicine, and organic synthesis.

Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials

Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials
  • Author : Xueyuan Chen,Yongsheng Liu,Datao Tu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-04
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9783642403644
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Summary : Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reviews the latest advances in the development of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for potential bioapplications. This book covers the chemical and physical fundamentals of these nanoparticles, such as the controlled synthesis methodology, surface modification chemistry, optical physics, and their promising applications in diverse bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers. This book is intended for those readers who are interested in systematically understanding the materials design strategy, optical behavior of lanthanide ions, and practical bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It primarily focuses on the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and biological aspects of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters were written by scientists active in this field and for a broad audience, providing both beginners and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on the subject. Xueyuan Chen is a Professor at Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), Chinese Academy of Sciences. Yongsheng Liu is a Research Associate Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Datao Tu is a Research Assistant Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Frontiers of Multifunctional Nanosystems

Frontiers of Multifunctional Nanosystems
  • Author : Eugenia V. Buzaneva,Peter Scharff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-05-31
  • Total pages :485
  • ISBN : 140200561X
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Summary : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Frontiers in Molecular-Scale Science and Technology of Fullerence, Nanotube, Nanosilicon, Biopolymer (DNA, Protein) Multifunctional Nanosystems, Kyiv, Ukraine, 9-12 September 2001

Journal

Journal
  • Author : American Chemical Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NYPL:33433068514649
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Summary :

Chiroptical Spectroscopy

Chiroptical Spectroscopy
  • Author : Prasad L. Polavarapu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-03
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781315357195
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Summary : This book details chiroptical spectroscopic methods: electronic circular dichroism (ECD), optical rotatory dispersion (ORD), vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), and vibrational Raman optical activity (VROA). For each technique, the text presents experimental methods for measurements and theoretical methods for analyzing the experimental data. It also includes a set of experiments that can be adopted for undergraduate teaching laboratories. Each chapter is written in an easy-to-follow format for novice readers, with necessary theoretical formalism in appendices for advanced readers.

Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials

Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials
  • Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble,Vijay B. Pawade,Hendrik C. Swart,Vibha Chopra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780081029367
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Summary : Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials provides a comprehensive overview on the most essential characterization techniques of these materials, along with their key applications. The book describes the application of optical spectroscopy of lanthanides doped inorganic phosphor hosts and gives information about their structure and morphology, binding energies, energy of transition and band gap. Also discussed are the properties and applications of rare earth doped inorganic materials and the barriers and potential solutions to enable the commercial realization of phosphors in important applications. The book reviews key information for those entering the field of phosphor research, along with the fundamental knowledge of the properties of transition series elements under UV/Visible/NIR light exposer. Low-cost materials methods to synthesize the materials and spectroscopic characterization methods are also detailed. Reviews the barriers and potential solutions to enable commercial realization of inorganic phosphors Discusses low-cost material methods to synthesize and characterize lanthanide doped oxide materials Provides readers with a comprehensive overview on key properties for the most relevant applications, such as lighting and display, energy conversion and solar cell devices

Near-infrared Nanomaterials

Near-infrared Nanomaterials
  • Author : Fan Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-05
  • Total pages :409
  • ISBN : 9781782623939
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Summary : In the last decade, bioimaging and therapy based on near-infrared (NIR) nanomaterials have played an important role in biotechnology due to their intrinsic advantages when compared with the traditional imaging probe and medicine. NIR nanomaterials allow deeper penetration depth, low detection threshold concentration and better targeted performance. This book systematically summarises the recent progress in the fabrication and application of NIR nanomaterials for biomedical imaging and therapy, and discusses the advantages, challenges and opportunities available. Near-infrared Nanomaterials contains achapter highlighting the outlook of these materials, detailing novel ideas for the further application of NIR nanomaterials in bioimaging and medicine. Written by leading experts working in the field, this title will have broad appeal to those working in chemistry, materials science, nanotechnology, biology, bioengineering, biomedical science and biophysics.