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Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
  • Author : S V Petrushkin,V V Samartsev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-26
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9781845696832
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Summary : Laser cooling is an important emerging technology in such areas as the cooling of semiconductors. The book examines and suggests solutions for a range of problems in the development of miniature solid-state laser refrigerators, self-cooling solid-state lasers and optical echo-processors. It begins by looking at the basic theory of laser cooling before considering such topics as self-cooling of active elements of solid-state lasers, laser cooling of solid-state information media of optical echo-processors, and problems of cooling solid-state quantum processors. Laser Cooling of Solids is an important contribution to the development of compact laser-powered cryogenic refrigerators, both for the academic community and those in the microelectronics and other industries. Provides a timely review of this promising field of research and discusses the fundamentals and theory of laser cooling Particular attention is given to the physics of cooling processes and the mathematical description of these processes Reviews previous experimental investigations in laser cooling and presents progress towards key potential applications

Optical Refrigeration

Optical Refrigeration
  • Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-13
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9783527628056
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Summary : Edited by the two top experts in the field with a panel of International contributors, this is a comprehensive up-to-date review of research and applications. Starting with the basic physical principles of laser cooling of solids, the monograph goes on to discuss the current theoretical issues being resolved and the increasing demands of growth and evaluation of high purity materials suitable for optical refrigeration, while also examining the design and applications of practical cryocoolers. An advanced text for scientists, researchers, engineers, and students (masters, PHDs and Postdoc) in laser and optical material science, and cryogenics.

Laser Cooling

Laser Cooling
  • Author : Galina Nemova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-26
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9781315341057
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Summary : In the recent decades, laser cooling or optical refrigeration—a physical process by which a system loses its thermal energy as a result of interaction with laser light—has garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to the importance of its applications. Optical solid-state coolers are one such application. They are free from liquids as well as moving parts that generate vibrations and introduce noise to sensors and other devices. They are based on reliable laser diode pump systems. Laser cooling can also be used to mitigate heat generation in high-power lasers. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in laser cooling done by various scientific teams all over the world that are currently revolutionizing optical refrigerating technology. It includes recent results on laser cooling by redistribution of radiation in dense gas mixtures, three conceptually different approaches to laser cooling of solids such as cooling with anti-Stokes fluorescence, Brillouin cooling, and Raman cooling. It also discusses crystal growth and glass production for laser cooling applications. This book will appeal to anyone involved in laser physics, solid-state physics, low-temperature physics or cryogenics, materials research, development of temperature sensors, or infrared detectors.

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
  • Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069219163
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Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
  • Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069219163
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Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering
  • Author : Yin-Chung Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1089291093
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Summary :

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods
  • Author : Galina Nemova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 1510630570
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Summary : "The primary objective of this Field Guide is to present an overview of the various concepts and methods of laser cooling including Doppler cooling, polarization gradient cooling, different sub-recoil schemes of laser cooling, laser cooing with anti-Stokes fluorescence and so on. This Field Guide will serve to introduce students, scientists, and engineers to this exciting field"--

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
  • Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069219163
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Trapping of Neutral Atoms

Trapping of Neutral Atoms
  • Author : Nathan Newbury,C. E. Wieman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-01
  • Total pages :129
  • ISBN : 0917853881
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Summary :

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids
  • Author : Bernard Bendow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9781468421781
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Summary : Although much work has been performed on measure ments and interpretation of light absorption by opaque or nearly opaque solids, it is surprising to note that until recently relatively little reliable experimental data, and much less theoretical work was available on the nature of transparent solids. This, in spite of the fact that a vast majority of engineering and device ap plications of a solid depend on its optical transparency. Needless to say, all solids are both transparent and opa que depending on the spectral region of consideration. The absorption processes that limit the transparency of a solid are either due to lattice vibrations, as in ionic or partially ionic solids, or due to electronic transi tions, both intrinsic and impurity-induced. For most materials, a sufficiently wide spectral window exists be tween these two limits, where the material is transpar ent. In general, the absorption coefficient, in the long wavelength side of, but sufficiently away from, the fun damental absorption edge, is relatively structureless and has an exponential dependence on frequency. Recent evi dence suggests that in the short wavelength side of the one-phonon region, but beyond two- or three-phonon sin gularities, the absorption coefficient of both polar and nonpolar solids is also relatively structureless and de pends exponentially on frequency.

Applications of Laser Ablation

Applications of Laser Ablation
  • Author : Dongfang Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-21
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9789535128113
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Summary : Laser ablation refers to the phenomenon in which a low wavelength and short pulse (ns-fs) duration of laser beam irradiates the surface of a target to induce instant local vaporization of the target material generating a plasma plume consisting of photons, electrons, ions, atoms, molecules, clusters, and liquid or solid particles. This book covers various aspects of using laser ablation phenomenon for material processing including laser ablation applied for the deposition of thin films, for the synthesis of nanomaterials, and for the chemical compositional analysis and surface modification of materials. Through the 18 chapters written by experts from international scientific community, the reader will have access to the most recent research and development findings on laser ablation through original research studies and literature reviews.

Solid-State Lasers

Solid-State Lasers
  • Author : Walter Koechner,Michael Bass
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-29
  • Total pages :409
  • ISBN : 9780387217659
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Summary : Koechner's well-known ‘bible’ on solid-state laser engineering is now available in an accessible format at the graduate level. Numerous exercises with hints for solution, new text and updated material where needed make this text very accessible.

Advances in Atomic Physics

Advances in Atomic Physics
  • Author : David Guery-Odelin,Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-02
  • Total pages :796
  • ISBN : 9789814390583
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Summary : This book presents a comprehensive overview of the spectacular advances seen in atomic physics during the last 50 years. The authors explain how such progress was possible by highlighting connections between developments that occurred at different times. They discuss the new perspectives and the new research fields that look promising. The emphasis is placed, not on detailed calculations, but rather on physical ideas. Combining both theoretical and experimental considerations, the book will be of interest to a wide range of students, teachers and researchers in quantum and atomic physics.Contents: General IntroductionGeneral Background"Light: A Source of Information on Atoms: "Optical MethodsLinear Superpositions of Internal Atomic StatesResonance FluorescenceAdvances in High Resolution Spectroscopy"Atom-Photon Interactions: A Source of Perturbations forAtoms Which Can Be Useful: "Perturbations Due to a Quasi Resonant Optical ExcitationPerturbations Due to a High Frequency Excitation"Atom-Photon Interactions: A Simple System for Studying Higher Order Effects: "Multiphoton Processes Between Discrete StatesPhotoionization of Atoms in Intense Laser fields"Atom-Photon Interactions: A Tool for Controlling and Manipulating Atomic Motion: "Radiative Forces Exerted on a Two-Level Atom at RestLaser Cooling of Two-Level AtomsSub-Doppler Cooling. Sub-Recoil CoolingTrapping of Particles"Ultracold Interactions and Their Control: "Two-Body Interactions at Low TemperaturesControlling Atom-Atom Interactions"Exploring Quantum Interferences with Few Atoms and Photons: "Interference of Atomic de Broglie WavesRamsey Fringes Revisited and Atomic InterferometryQuantum Correlations. Entangled States"Degenerate Quantum Gases: "Emergence of Quantum Effects in a GasThe Long Quest for Bose-Einstein CondensationMean Field Description of a Bose-Einstein CondensateCoherence Properties of Bose-Einstein CondensatesElementary Excitations and Superfluidity in Bose-Einstein Condensates"Frontiers of Atomic Physics: "Testing Fundamental Symmetries. Parity Violation in AtomsQuantum Gases as Simple Systems for Many-Body PhysicsExtreme LightGeneral Conclusion Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics interested in quantum and atomic physics.

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys
  • Author : Igor Shishkovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9781789233889
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Summary : Freedoms in material choice based on combinatorial design, different directions of process optimization, and computational tools are a significant advantage of additive manufacturing technology. The combination of additive and information technologies enables rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing models on the design stage, thereby significantly accelerating the design cycle in mechanical engineering. Modern and high-demand powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition methods allow obtaining functional complex shapes and functionally graded structures. Until now, the experimental parametric analysis remains as the main method during AM optimization. Therefore, an additional goal of this book is to introduce readers to new modeling and material's optimization approaches in the rapidly changing world of additive manufacturing of high-performance metals and alloys.

A Student's Guide to Atomic Physics

A Student's Guide to Atomic Physics
  • Author : Mark Fox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-14
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781107188730
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Summary : A concise overview of the fundamental concepts and applications of atomic physics for students including examples, problems, and diagrams of key concepts.

Laser Refrigeration of Solids III

Laser Refrigeration of Solids III
  • Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :100
  • ISBN : 081948010X
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Summary : Includes Proceedings Vol. 7821

Radiation Effects in Materials

Radiation Effects in Materials
  • Author : Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-20
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9789535124177
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Summary : The study of radiation effects has developed as a major field of materials science from the beginning, approximately 70 years ago. Its rapid development has been driven by two strong influences. The properties of the crystal defects and the materials containing them may then be studied. The types of radiation that can alter structural materials consist of neutrons, ions, electrons, gamma rays or other electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths. All of these forms of radiation have the capability to displace atoms/molecules from their lattice sites, which is the fundamental process that drives the changes in all materials. The effect of irradiation on materials is fixed in the initial event in which an energetic projectile strikes a target. The book is distributed in four sections: Ionic Materials; Biomaterials; Polymeric Materials and Metallic Materials.

Phase Transformations and Ablation in Laser-Treated Solids

Phase Transformations and Ablation in Laser-Treated Solids
  • Author : Emil N. Sobol
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-02-06
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : UOM:39015033323240
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Summary : Uses a unified standpoint to describe the principal physical processes that determine the possibility and practical effectiveness of utilizing lasers for the modification and ablation of solids. Analyzes the general mechanisms and laws operative in the course of laser treatment of various materials including metal alloys, rocks, oxides, high-temperature superconductors and hard biological tissues. The chapters on laser-induced solid state thermochemical reactions and phase transitions in high-temperature superconductors under laser radiation break new ground.

High Energy and Short Pulse Lasers

High Energy and Short Pulse Lasers
  • Author : Richard Viskup
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-07
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9789535126065
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Summary : This book gives the readers an introduction to experimental and theoretical knowledge acquired by large-scale laser laboratories that are dealing with extra-high peak power and ultrashort laser pulses for research of terawatt (TW), petawatt (PW), or near-future exawatt (EW) laser interactions, for soft X-ray sources, for acceleration of particles, or for generation of hot dense thermal plasma for the laser fusion. The other part of this book is dealing with the small-scale laser laboratories that are using for its research on commercial sources of laser radiation, nanosecond (ns), picosecond (ps), or femtosecond (fs) laser pulses, either for basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into six main sections dealing with short and ultrashort laser pulses, laser-produced soft X-ray sources, large-scale high-power laser systems, free-electron lasers, fiber-based sources of short optical pulse, and applications of short pulse lasers. In each chapter readers can find fascinating topics related to the high energy and/or short pulse laser technique. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of readers of different expertise, layman, undergraduate and postgraduate students, scientists, and engineers, who may in this book find easily explained fundamentals as well as advanced principles of particular subjects related to these phenomena.

Laser Cooling and Trapping

Laser Cooling and Trapping
  • Author : Harold J. Metcalf,Peter van der Straten
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781461214700
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Summary : Intended for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates with some basic knowledge of optics and quantum mechanics, this text begins with a review of the relevant results of quantum mechanics, before turning to the electromagnetic interactions involved in slowing and trapping atoms and ions, in both magnetic and optical traps. The concluding chapters discuss a broad range of applications, from atomic clocks and studies of collision processes, to diffraction and interference of atomic beams at optical lattices and Bose-Einstein condensation.

Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics

Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics
  • Author : S. Ichimaru
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :732
  • ISBN : 9780444597595
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Summary : Charged particles in dense matter exhibit strong correlations due to the exchange and Coulomb interactions, and thus make a strongly coupled plasma. Examples in laboratory and astrophysical settings include solid and liquid metals, semiconductors, charged particles in lower dimensions such as those trapped in interfacial states of condensed matter or beams, dense multi-ionic systems such a superionic conductors and inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas . The aim of the conference was to elucidate the various physical processes involved in these dense materials. The subject areas covered include plasma physics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics and astrophysics.