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Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials
  • Author : Rui Vilar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-15
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780081009420
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Summary : Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification. Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials Emphasizes applications in biomaterials

Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials

Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials
  • Author : Liang Hao,Jonathan Lawrence
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-11-18
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : UOM:39015062878841
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Summary : The biomaterials technology industry is already well established in the western world and is growing rapidly within Asian Pacific nations. It is often described as the ‘next electronics industry’, whilst the laser is described as a ‘solution looking for a problem’. This book describes the use of the laser to solve a troublesome and costly problem in a rapidly growing global industry. The authors have spent many years conducting research using laser materials processing and wettability characteristics and have perfected a technique to improve the bio-compatibility of various bone-implant materials using laser irradiation. They have made pioneering discoveries on the subject and established some generic theories and principals that will have a wide range of applications in the biomaterials field. Introduces inter-disciplinary research work covering laser materials processing and surface modification of biomaterials for enhanced compatibility. Includes highly scientific and novel research material. Serves both as a practitioner guide and a reference book. Covers an exciting and rapidly developing area of technology that is of keen interest to engineers and clinicians alike. Laser Surface Treatment of Bio-Implant Materials is rare in providing a reference source that describes specifically a mechanical engineering solution to a biotechnology problem. It serves as both a practitioner guide and a medium to high-level reference text book, and as such is a reference source for the engineer practising or looking to move into the biomaterials field, undergraduate and post graduate students and those conducting bio-related research in either academia or industry. It will prove useful to mechanical engineers, biotechnologists, biomechanical engineers, metallurgists, clinicians and even surgeons.

Laser surface treatment of a polymeric biomaterial:

Laser surface treatment of a polymeric biomaterial:
  • Author : David Garreth Waugh,Jonathan Lawrence
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-01
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 9782813001238
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Summary : Biotechnology has the potential to improve people’s quality of life and holds the key to many unmet clinical needs. In the UK alone the biotechnology market is worth £4.5 billion and estimates of future growth range from 10 to 15%. This growth can only be driven by the increased use of inexpensive and easy to manufacture polymeric biomaterials. Although polymer science is a rapidly developing area of research, it remains that one of the most intractable problems encountered in biotechnology is that the performance of polymeric biomaterials depend upon both the bulk and surface properties. In this book the authors describe their work using lasers to modify the wettability characteristics of nylon 6,6 (as wetting is often the primary factor dictating the adhesion and bonding potential of materials) as a route to enhancing the surface in terms of in vitro osteoblast cell response. What is more, modifying wettability characteristics in this way is shown to be a highly attractive means of estimating the biofunctionality of a polymer. The book demonstrates and explains how the generation of a biomimetic surface on polymers using laser beams provides an in vitro platform on which to deposit and grow cells for either the development of implants or to reconstitute functional tissue. The correlative trends and generic characteristics which are identified in the book between the laser surface treatment, wettability characteristics and osteoblast cell response of the nylon 6,6 provide a means to estimate the osteoblast cell response in vivo. The book shows clearly that laser surface modification of polymeric materials has tremendous potential for application within the field of regenerative medicine.

Laser Surface Engineering

Laser Surface Engineering
  • Author : Jonathan R. Lawrence,D Waugh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-02
  • Total pages :718
  • ISBN : 9781782420798
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Summary : Lasers can alter the surface composition and properties of materials in a highly controllable way, which makes them efficient and cost-effective tools for surface engineering. This book provides an overview of the different techniques, the laser-material interactions and the advantages and disadvantages for different applications. Part one looks at laser heat treatment, part two covers laser additive manufacturing such as laser-enhanced electroplating, and part three discusses laser micromachining, structuring and surface modification. Chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering are explored in part four, including ways to improve the surface corrosion properties of metals. Provides an overview of thermal surface treatments using lasers, including the treatment of steels, light metal alloys, polycrystalline silicon and technical ceramics Addresses the development of new metallic materials, innovations in laser cladding and direct metal deposition, and the fabrication of tuneable micro- and nano-scale surface structures Chapters also cover laser structuring, surface modification, and the chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-22
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 9780128135167
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Summary : Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architecture Nanostructures: Current Prospects and Future Trends discusses the most important current applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in a comprehensive, detailed manner. The book covers major applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual shapes and high surface areas. In particular, coverage is given to applications in aerospace, automotive, batteries, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, cosmetics, and more. In addition, the book discusses the future of research in these areas. This is a valuable reference for both materials scientists, chemical and mechanical engineers working both in R&D and academia who want to learn more on how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are commercially applied. Provides an in-depth look at the properties of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in terms of their applicability for industrial uses Analyzes the most recent advances and industrial applications of different types of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual structures and compositions Identifies novel nanometric particles and architectures that are of particular value for applications and the techniques required to use them effectively

Surface Modification of Titanium for Biomaterial Applications

Surface Modification of Titanium for Biomaterial Applications
  • Author : Kyo-Han Kim,Ramaswamy Narayanan,Tapash R. Rautray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-01
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 1608765393
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Summary : This book starts with concepts of bone, its structure, remodelling, materials for implants and implant testing methods. Calcium phosphate ceramics and need for titanium surface modification are detailed in the initial chapters. Surface modification techniques include plasma spraying, sol-gel, biomimetic, electrochemical, laser, sputtering and ion-implantation methods. Chapters 5 to 19 deal with these modification techniques. Chapters 20-22 deal with less-common methods titanium nitride coating, protein modification, diamond like carbon coating and ultraviolet treatment. Substituting the apatite lattice with other cations like silicon, magnesium, sodium, carbon, etc is provided. The chapters involving these techniques begin with a small introduction about that technique and go on to explain the underlying principles, methodology and properties of the coats. According to the authors, the book gives a complete overview of almost all the surface modification techniques known, as applied to titanium biomaterials.

Laser Surface Modification of Alloys for Corrosion and Erosion Resistance

Laser Surface Modification of Alloys for Corrosion and Erosion Resistance
  • Author : C T Kwok
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-20
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780857095831
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Summary : Corrosion and erosion processes often occur synergistically to cause serious damage to metal alloys. Laser surface modification techniques such as laser surface melting or alloying are being increasingly used to treat surfaces to prevent corrosion or repair corroded or damaged components. Laser surface modification of alloys for corrosion and erosion resistance reviews the wealth of recent research on these important techniques and their applications. After an introductory overview, part one reviews the use of laser surface melting and other techniques to improve the corrosion resistance of stainless and other steels as well as nickel-titanium and a range of other alloys. Part two covers the use of laser surface modification to prevent different types of erosion, including liquid impingement, slurry (solid particle) and electrical erosion as well as laser remanufacturing of damaged components. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Laser surface modification of alloys for corrosion and erosion resistance is a standard reference for all those concerned with preventing corrosion and erosion damage in metallic components in sectors as diverse as energy production and electrical engineering. Reviews recent research on the use of laser surface modification techniques, including the prevention of corrosion and repair of corroded or damaged components Discusses the techniques for improving the corrosion resistance of steels, nickel-titanium and a range of alloys Analyses the use of laser surface modification to prevent different types of erosion, including liquid impingement and laser remanufacturing of damaged components

Additive Manufacturing

Additive Manufacturing
  • Author : Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-08
  • Total pages :389
  • ISBN : 9781482223606
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Summary : The field of additive manufacturing has seen explosive growth in recent years due largely in part to renewed interest from the manufacturing sector. Conceptually, additive manufacturing, or industrial 3D printing, is a way to build parts without using any part-specific tooling or dies from the computer-aided design (CAD) file of the part. Today, most engineered devices are 3D printed first to check their shape, size, and functionality before large-scale production. In addition, as the cost of 3D printers has come down significantly, and the printers’ reliability and part quality have improved, schools and universities have been investing in 3D printers to experience, explore, and innovate with these fascinating additive manufacturing technologies. Additive Manufacturing highlights the latest advancements in 3D printing and additive manufacturing technologies. Focusing on additive manufacturing applications rather than on core 3D printing technologies, this book: Introduces various additive manufacturing technologies based on their utilization in different classes of materials Discusses important application areas of additive manufacturing, including medicine, education, and the space industry Explores regulatory challenges associated with the emergence of additive manufacturing as a mature technological platform By showing how 3D printing and additive manufacturing technologies are currently used, Additive Manufacturing not only provides a valuable reference for veteran researchers and those entering this exciting field, but also encourages innovation in future additive manufacturing applications.

Advances in Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications

Advances in Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Anuj Tripathi,Jose Savio Melo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-24
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 9789811033285
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Summary : This book highlights recent advances in the field of biomaterials design and the state of the art in biomaterials applications for biomedicine. Addressing key aspects of biomaterials, the book explores technological advances at multi-scale levels (macro, micro, and nano), which are used in applications related to cell and tissue regeneration. The book also discusses the future scope of bio-integrated systems. The contents are supplemented by illustrated examples, and schematics of molecular and cellular interactions with biomaterials/scaffolds are included to promote a better understanding of the complex biological mechanisms involved in material-to-biomolecule interactions. The book also covers factors that govern cell growth, differentiation, and regeneration in connection with the treatment and recovery of native biological systems. Tissue engineering, drug screening and delivery, and electrolyte complexes for biomedical applications are also covered in detail. This book offers a comprehensive reference guide for multi-disciplinary communities working in the area of biomaterials, and will benefit researchers and graduate students alike.

Surface Modification Technologies

Surface Modification Technologies
  • Author : Antonello Astarita,T.S. Sudarshan,Antonino Squillace,Pierpaolo Carlone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-22
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9783035735253
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Summary : The book is a collection of the papers and the keynote lectures presented at the 33rd Surface Modification Technologies Conference (SMT33) which was held in Naples on 26 to 28 June 2019. The conference was focused on surface engineering and covered the following areas: corrosion, treatments, characterization, additive manufacturing, coatings, modification technologies. This book transfers up-to-date knowledge from scientist and experts to the common practice, representing a valuable resource for engineers, designers, researchers, and students.

Laser Surface Modification and Adhesion

Laser Surface Modification and Adhesion
  • Author : K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-18
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781118831649
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Summary : The book provides a unique overview on laser techniques and applications for the purpose of improving adhesion by altering surface chemistry and topography/morphology of the substrate. It details laser surface modification techniques for a wide range of industrially relevant materials (plastics, metals, ceramics, composites) with the aim to improve and enhance their adhesion to other materials. The joining of different materials is of critical importance in the fabrication of many and varied products.

Surface Modification of Biomaterials

Surface Modification of Biomaterials
  • Author : Rachel Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-25
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780857090768
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Summary : The surface modification of biomaterials plays a significant role in determining the outcome of biological-material interactions. With the appropriate modification a material’s surface can be tailored to improve biocompatibility, adhesion and cell interactions. Consequently surface modification is vital in the development and design of new biomaterials and medical devices. Surface modification of biomaterials reviews both established surface modifications and those still in the early stages of research and discusses how they can be used to optimise biological interactions and enhance clinical performance. Part one begins with chapters looking at various types and techniques of surface modification including plasma polymerisation, covalent binding of poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG), heparinisation, peptide functionalisation and calcium phosphate deposition before going on to examine metal surface oxidation and biomaterial surface topography to control cellular response with particular reference to technologies, cell behaviour and biomedical applications. Part two studies the analytical techniques and applications of surface modification with chapters on analysing biomaterial surface chemistry, surface structure, morphology and topography before moving onto discuss modifying biomaterial surfaces to optimise interactions with blood, control infection, optimise interactions with soft tissues, repair and regenerate nerve cells, control stem cell growth and differentiation and to optimise interactions with bone. The distinguished editor and international team of contributors to Surface modification of biomaterials have produced a unique overview and detailed chapters on a range of surface modification techniques which will provide an excellent resource for biomaterials researchers and scientists and engineers concerned with improving the properties of biomaterials. It will also be beneficial for academics researching surface modification. Reviews both established surface modifications and those still in the early stages of research and how they can be used to optimise biological interactions and enhance clinical performance Studies analytical techniques and applications of surface modification with chapters assessing biomaterial surface chemistry, surface structure, morphology and topography Discusses modifying biomaterial surfaces to optimise interactions with blood and soft tissues and also to repair and regenerate nerve cells and control infection

Tissue Engineering

Tissue Engineering
  • Author : Steven J. Barnes,Lawrence P. Harris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 1604562935
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Summary : Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physio-chemical factors to improve or replace biological functions. While most definitions of tissue engineering cover a broad range of applications, in practice the term is closely associated with applications that repair or replace portions of or whole tissues (i.e., bone, cartilage, blood vessels, bladder, etc.). Often, the tissues involved require certain mechanical and structural properties for proper function. The term has also been applied to efforts to perform specific biochemical functions using cells within an artificially-created support system (e.g. an artificial pancreas, or a bioartificial liver). The term regenerative medicine is often used synonymously with tissue engineering, although those involved in regenerative medicine place more emphasis on the use of stem cells to produce tissues. This book presents recent and important research in the field.

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys
  • Author : Hanshan Dong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-24
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9781845699451
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Summary : The growing use of light alloys in industries such as aerospace, sports equipment and biomedical devices is driving research into surface engineering technologies to enhance their properties for the desired end use. Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys provides a comprehensive review of the latest technologies for modifying the surfaces of light alloys to improve their corrosion, wear and tribological properties. Part one discusses surface degradation of light alloys with chapters on corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys and protection techniques, wear properties of aluminium-based alloys and tribological behaviour of titanium alloys. Part two reviews surface engineering technologies for light alloys including anodising, plasma electrolytic oxidation, thermal spraying, cold spraying, physical vapour deposition, plasma assisted surface treatment, PIII/PSII treatments, laser surface modification, ceramic conversion and duplex treatments. Part three covers applications for surface engineered light alloys including sports equipment, biomedical devices and plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodised aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys is a standard reference for engineers, metallurgists and materials scientists looking for a comprehensive source of information on surface engineering of aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys. Discusses surface degradation of light alloys considering corrosion behaviour and wear and tribological properties Examines surface engineering technologies and modification featuring plasma electrolytic oxidation treatments and both thermal and cold spraying Reviews applications for engineered light alloys in sports equipment, biomedical devices and spacecraft

Applications of Laser Ablation

Applications of Laser Ablation
  • Author : Dongfang Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-21
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9789535128113
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Summary : Laser ablation refers to the phenomenon in which a low wavelength and short pulse (ns-fs) duration of laser beam irradiates the surface of a target to induce instant local vaporization of the target material generating a plasma plume consisting of photons, electrons, ions, atoms, molecules, clusters, and liquid or solid particles. This book covers various aspects of using laser ablation phenomenon for material processing including laser ablation applied for the deposition of thin films, for the synthesis of nanomaterials, and for the chemical compositional analysis and surface modification of materials. Through the 18 chapters written by experts from international scientific community, the reader will have access to the most recent research and development findings on laser ablation through original research studies and literature reviews.

Water in Biomaterials Surface Science

Water in Biomaterials Surface Science
  • Author : Marco Morra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-08-30
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 0471490415
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Summary : Presents the latest ideas and research on molecular hydration and hydration forces, and how they determine the interaction between water molecules and biomaterials surfaces. Consisting of three sections; theoretical aspects, analytical aspects and practical applications, it begins by placing the properties of water in a proper molecular perspective. The analytical aspects and practical applications offer a complete overview with new insights into the biomaterials/water interface by: - Discussing the latest approaches to the characterisation of water at interfaces and surface modification of biomaterials - Examining the problems related to the understanding and characterisation of interfacial water - Providing new perspectives of the interfacial interactions between materials and the physiological aqueous environment An invaluable resource for researchers in biomaterials surface science and the biotechnology industry.

Polymer Surface Modification

Polymer Surface Modification
  • Author : K. L. Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-09-28
  • Total pages :626
  • ISBN : 9067643270
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Summary : This book chronicles the proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Polymer Surface Modification: Relevance to Adhesion held Newark, New Jersey, May 24--26, 1999. Polymeric materials are intrinsically not very adhesionable and this necessitates their surface treatment to enhance their adhesion characteristics to other materials. Since the first symposium on this topic, held in 1993, there has been a tremendous R&D activity in devising novel or ameliorating the existing techniques for surface modification of polymers. This volume contains a total of 32 papers, which have been rigorously peer-reviewed and suitably revised before inclusion in this volume. The book is divided into three parts as follows. Part 1: Plasma Surface Modification Techniques; Part 2: Other/Miscellaneous Surface Modification Techniques; and Part 3: General Papers. The topics covered include: plasma surface modification of a variety of polymers using various plasma gases; atmospheric plasma system; surface functionalization; ultrahydrophobic polymeric surfaces; metallization of plasma treated polymers; surface modification of polymers via molecular design for adhesion promotion; wet chemical methods for polymer surface modification; laser surface modification of various polymers; UV/ozone treatment; surface and interface studies of treated polymer surfaces by an array of techniques; bioadhesion of polymeric biomaterials to tissue; polymer-fiber systems; and plasma deposited coatings.

Laser Precision Microfabrication

Laser Precision Microfabrication
  • Author : Koji Sugioka,Michel Meunier,Alberto Piqué
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-13
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 3642105238
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Summary : Miniaturization and high precision are rapidly becoming a requirement for many industrial processes and products. As a result, there is greater interest in the use of laser microfabrication technology to achieve these goals. This book composed of 16 chapters covers all the topics of laser precision processing from fundamental aspects to industrial applications to both inorganic and biological materials. It reviews the sate of the art of research and technological development in the area of laser processing.

Titanium Alloys

Titanium Alloys
  • Author : Jan Sieniawski,Waldemar Ziaja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-15
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9789535111108
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Summary : The book contains six chapters and covers topics dealing with biomedical applications of titanium alloys, surface treatment, relationships between microstructure and mechanical and technological properties, and the effect of radiation on the structure of the titanium alloys.

Biomaterials in Orthopaedics and Bone Regeneration

Biomaterials in Orthopaedics and Bone Regeneration
  • Author : Preetkanwal Singh Bains,Sarabjeet Singh Sidhu,Marjan Bahraminasab,Chander Prakash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-09
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9789811399770
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Summary : This book focuses on the recent advances in the field of orthopaedic biomaterials, with a particular emphasis on their design and fabrication. Biomimetic materials, having similar properties and functions to that of the natural tissue, are becoming a popular choice for making customized orthopaedic implants and bone scaffolds. The acceptability of these materials in the human body depends on the right balance between their mechanical and biological properties. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research in this rapidly evolving field. The chapters cover different aspects of multi-functional biomaterials design, and cutting-edge methods for the synthesis and processing of these materials. Advanced manufacturing techniques, like additive manufacturing, used for developing new biomimetic materials are highlighted in the book. This book is a valuable reference for students and researchers interested in biomaterials for orthopaedic applications.

Biosurfaces

Biosurfaces
  • Author : Kantesh Balani,Vivek Verma,Arvind Agarwal,Roger Narayan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-23
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9781118950647
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Summary : Ideal as a graduate textbook, this title is aimed at helpingdesign effective biomaterials, taking into account the complexinteractions that occur at the interface when a synthetic materialis inserted into a living system. Surface reactivity,biochemistry, substrates, cleaning, preparation, and coatingsare presented, with numerous case studies and applicationsthroughout. Highlights include: Starts with concepts and works up to real-life applicationssuch as implantable devices, medical devices, prosthetics, and drugdelivery technology Addresses surface reactivity, requirements for surface coating,cleaning and preparation techniques, and characterization Discusses the biological response to coatings Addresses biomaterial-tissue interaction Incorporates nanomechanical properties and processingstrategies