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Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Robert E. Bradley,Ed Sandifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-20
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 0080471293
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Summary : The year 2007 marks the 300th anniversary of the birth of one of the Enlightenment’s most important mathematicians and scientists, Leonhard Euler. This volume is a collection of 24 essays by some of the world’s best Eulerian scholars from seven different countries about Euler, his life and his work. Some of the essays are historical, including much previously unknown information about Euler’s life, his activities in the St. Petersburg Academy, the influence of the Russian Princess Dashkova, and Euler’s philosophy. Others describe his influence on the subsequent growth of European mathematics and physics in the 19th century. Still others give technical details of Euler’s innovations in probability, number theory, geometry, analysis, astronomy, mechanics and other fields of mathematics and science. - Over 20 essays by some of the best historians of mathematics and science, including Ronald Calinger, Peter Hoffmann, Curtis Wilson, Kim Plofker, Victor Katz, Ruediger Thiele, David Richeson, Robin Wilson, Ivor Grattan-Guinness and Karin Reich - New details of Euler's life in two essays, one by Ronald Calinger and one he co-authored with Elena Polyakhova - New information on Euler's work in differential geometry, series, mechanics, and other important topics including his influence in the early 19th century

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Emil A. Fellmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-05
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9783764375393
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Summary : Euler was not only by far the most productive mathematician in the history of mankind, but also one of the greatest scholars of all time. He attained, like only a few scholars, a degree of popularity and fame which may well be compared with that of Galilei, Newton, or Einstein. Moreover he was a cosmopolitan in the truest sense of the word; he lived during his first twenty years in Basel, was active altogether for more than thirty years in Petersburg and for a quarter of a century in Berlin. Leonhard Euler’s unusually rich life and broadly diversified activity in the immediate vicinity of important personalities which have made history, may well justify an exposition. This book is based in part on unpublished sources and comes right out of the current research on Euler. It is entirely free of formulae as it has been written for a broad audience with interests in the history of culture and science.

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Rajesh Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary : The year 2007 marks the 300th anniversary of the birth of one of the Enlightenments most important mathematicians and scientists, Leonhard Euler. This volume is a collection of 24 essays by some of the worlds best Eulerian scholars from seven different countries about Euler, his life and his work. Some of the essays are historical, including much previously unknown information about Eulers life, his activities in the St. Petersburg Academy, the influence of the Russian Princess Dashkova, and Eulers philosophy. Others describe his influence on the subsequent growth of European mathematics and physics in the 19th century. Still others give technical details of Eulers innovations in probability, number theory, geometry, analysis, astronomy, mechanics and other fields of mathematics and science.

The Legacy of Leonhard Euler

The Legacy of Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Lokenath Debnath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9781848165267
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Summary : This book primarily serves as a historical research monograph on the biographical sketch and career of Leonhard Euler and his major contributions to numerous areas in the mathematical and physical sciences. It contains fourteen chapters describing Euler''s works on number theory, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, differential and integral calculus, analysis, infinite series and infinite products, ordinary and elliptic integrals and special functions, ordinary and partial differential equations, calculus of variations, graph theory and topology, mechanics and ballistic research, elasticity and fluid mechanics, physics and astronomy, probability and statistics. The book is written to provide a definitive impression of Euler''s personal and professional life as well as of the range, power, and depth of his unique contributions. This tricentennial tribute commemorates Euler the great man and Euler the universal mathematician of all time. Based on the author''s historically motivated method of teaching, special attention is given to demonstrate that Euler''s work had served as the basis of research and developments of mathematical and physical sciences for the last 300 years. An attempt is also made to examine his research and its relation to current mathematics and science. Based on a series of Euler''s extraordinary contributions, the historical development of many different subjects of mathematical sciences is traced with a linking commentary so that it puts the reader at the forefront of current research. Erratum. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Mathematics Before Leonhard Euler (434 KB). Contents: Mathematics Before Leonhard Euler; Brief Biographical Sketch and Career of Leonhard Euler; Euler''s Contributions to Number Theory and Algebra; Euler''s Contributions to Geometry and Spherical Trigonometry; Euler''s Formula for Polyhedra, Topology and Graph Theory; Euler''s Contributions to Calculus and Analysis; Euler''s Contributions to the Infinite Series and the Zeta Function; Euler''s Beta and Gamma Functions and Infinite Products; Euler and Differential Equations; The Euler Equations of Motion in Fluid Mechanics; Euler''s Contributions to Mechanics and Elasticity; Euler''s Work on the Probability Theory; Euler''s Contributions to Ballistics; Euler and His Work on Astronomy and Physics. Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, mathematics education, physics, engineering and science. As well as professionals and prospective mathematical scientists.

Euler's Gem

Euler's Gem
  • Author : David S. Richeson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-23
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780691191379
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Summary : How a simple equation reshaped mathematics Leonhard Euler’s polyhedron formula describes the structure of many objects—from soccer balls and gemstones to Buckminster Fuller’s buildings and giant all-carbon molecules. Yet Euler’s theorem is so simple it can be explained to a child. From ancient Greek geometry to today’s cutting-edge research, Euler’s Gem celebrates the discovery of Euler’s beloved polyhedron formula and its far-reaching impact on topology, the study of shapes. Using wonderful examples and numerous illustrations, David Richeson presents this mathematical idea’s many elegant and unexpected applications, such as showing why there is always some windless spot on earth, how to measure the acreage of a tree farm by counting trees, and how many crayons are needed to color any map. Filled with a who’s who of brilliant mathematicians who questioned, refined, and contributed to a remarkable theorem’s development, Euler’s Gem will fascinate every mathematics enthusiast. This paperback edition contains a new preface by the author.

The Early Mathematics of Leonhard Euler

The Early Mathematics of Leonhard Euler
  • Author : C. Edward Sandifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-14
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : 9781470451806
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Summary : The Early Mathematics of Leonhard Euler gives an article-by-article description of Leonhard Euler's early mathematical works; the 50 or so mathematical articles he wrote before he left St. Petersburg in 1741 to join the Academy of Frederick the Great in Berlin. These early pieces contain some of Euler's greatest work, the Konigsberg bridge problem, his solution to the Basel problem, and his first proof of the Euler-Fermat theorem. It also presents important results that we seldom realize are due to Euler; that mixed partial derivatives are (usually) equal, our f(x) f(x) notation, and the integrating factor in differential equations. The books shows how contributions in diverse fields are related, how number theory relates to series, which, in turn, relate to elliptic integrals and then to differential equations. There are dozens of such strands in this beautiful web of mathematics. At the same time, we see Euler grow in power and sophistication, from a young student when at 18 he published his first work on differential equations (a paper with a serious flaw) to the most celebrated mathematician and scientist of his time. It is a portrait of the world's most exciting mathematics between 1725 and 1741, rich in technical detail, woven with connections within Euler's work and with the work of other mathematicians in other times and places, laced with historical context.

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Ronald S. Calinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-03
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9780691196404
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Summary : An acclaimed biography of the Enlightenment's greatest mathematician This is the first full-scale biography of Leonhard Euler (1707–1783), one of the greatest mathematicians and theoretical physicists of all time. In this comprehensive and authoritative account, Ronald Calinger connects the story of Euler's eventful life to the astonishing achievements that place him in the company of Archimedes, Newton, and Gauss. Drawing on Euler's massive published works and correspondence, this biography sets Euler's work in its multilayered context—personal, intellectual, institutional, political, cultural, religious, and social. It is a story of nearly incessant accomplishment, from Euler's fundamental contributions to almost every area of pure and applied mathematics in his time—especially calculus, mechanics, and optics—to his advances in shipbuilding, telescopes, acoustics, ballistics, cartography, chronology, and music theory.

How Euler Did It

How Euler Did It
  • Author : C. Edward Sandifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-30
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN : 0883855631
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Summary : How Euler Did It is a collection of 40 monthly columns that appeared on MAA Online between November 2003 and February 2007 about the mathematical and scientific work of the great 18th century Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler. Almost every column is self-contained and gives the context, significance and some of the details of a particular facet of his work. First we find interesting stories about Euler's work in geometry. In a discussion of the Euler polyhedral formula the author speculates about whether Descartes had a role in Euler's discovery and analyzes the flaw in Euler's proof. We also learn of Euler's solution to Cramer's paradox and its role in the early days of linear algebra. Number theory is well-represented. We see Euler's first proof of Fermat's little theorem for which he used mathematical induction, as well as his discovery of over a hundred pairs of amicable numbers, and his work on odd perfect numbers, about which little is known even today. Elsewhere in the book we learn of the development of what we now call Venn diagrams, what Euler knew about orthogonal matrices, Euler's ideas on the foundations of calculus (before the days of limits, epsilons and deltas), and his proof that mixed partial derivatives are equal.Professor Sandifer based his columns on Euler's own words in the original language in which they were written. In this way, the author was able to uncover many details that are not found in other sources. For example, we see how Euler used differential equations and continued fractions to prove that the constant e is irrational, several years before Lambert, who is usually credited with this discovery. Euler also made an observation equivalent to saying that the number of primes less than a number x is approximately x/Inx, an observation usually attributed to Gauss some 15 years after Euler died.The collection ends with a somewhat playful, but factual, account of Euler's role in the discovery on America.

Leonhard Euler's Letters to a German Princess

Leonhard Euler's Letters to a German Princess
  • Author : Ronald S Calinger,Ekaterina (Katya) Denisova,Elena N Polyakhova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-28
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9781643271927
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Summary : Leonhard Euler's Letters to a German Princess: A Milestone in the History of Physics Textbooks and More is a milestone in the history of physics textbooks and the instruction of women in the sciences. It also covers views of its author on epistemology, religion, and innovations in scientific equipment, including telescopes and microscopes. Today, 250 years later, we study this work of Euler's as a foundation for the history of physics teaching and analyze the letters from an historical and pedagogical point of view.

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Ronald Calinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :669
  • ISBN : 9780691119274
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Summary : This is the first full-scale biography of Leonhard Euler (1707–83), one of the greatest mathematicians and theoretical physicists of all time. In this comprehensive and authoritative account, Ronald Calinger connects the story of Euler's eventful life to the astonishing achievements that place him in the company of Archimedes, Newton, and Gauss. Drawing chiefly on Euler’s massive published works and correspondence, which fill more than eighty volumes so far, this biography sets Euler’s work in its multilayered context—personal, intellectual, institutional, political, cultural, religious, and social. It is a story of nearly incessant accomplishment, from Euler’s fundamental contributions to almost every area of pure and applied mathematics—especially calculus, number theory, notation, optics, and celestial, rational, and fluid mechanics—to his advancements in shipbuilding, telescopes, ballistics, cartography, chronology, and music theory. The narrative takes the reader from Euler’s childhood and education in Basel through his first period in St. Petersburg, 1727–41, where he gained a European reputation by solving the Basel problem and systematically developing analytical mechanics. Invited to Berlin by Frederick II, Euler published his famous Introductio in analysin infinitorum, devised continuum mechanics, and proposed a pulse theory of light. Returning to St. Petersburg in 1766, he created the analytical calculus of variations, developed the most precise lunar theory of the time that supported Newton’s dynamics, and published the best-selling Letters to a German Princess—all despite eye problems that ended in near-total blindness. In telling the remarkable story of Euler and how his achievements brought pan-European distinction to the Petersburg and Berlin academies of sciences, the book also demonstrates with new depth and detail the central role of mathematics in the Enlightenment.

Letters of Euler on Different Subjects in Natural Philosophy

Letters of Euler on Different Subjects in Natural Philosophy
  • Author : Leonhard Euler,Sir David Brewster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1833
  • Total pages :819
  • ISBN : UOM:39015011607945
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Summary :

Euler as Physicist

Euler as Physicist
  • Author : Dieter Suisky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-05
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9783540748656
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Summary : The subject of the book is the development of physics in the 18th century centered upon the fundamental contributions of Leonhard Euler to physics and mathematics. This is the first book devoted to Euler as a physicist. Classical mechanics are reconstructed in terms of the program initiated by Euler in 1736 and its completion over the following decades until 1760. The book examines how Euler coordinated his progress in mathematics with his progress in physics.

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
  • Author : Andreas K. Heyne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-22
  • Total pages :45
  • ISBN : 3764383321
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Summary : His ideas turned the mathematical world on its head. As a scientist he should be placed on the same level as Newton and Einstein. This account of Euler's life and livings is embedded in the great political developments of his time, particularly in Austria, Prussia and Russia. The comic by Elena Pini (illustrations) and Alice and Andreas K. Heyne (text) follows the life of the genius from Basel, who, born 300 years ago, would set out to change the scientific world. The book is completed by a short biography of Euler and relevant data of the most important politicians and contemporaries.

Crux Mathematicorum with Mathematical Mayhem

Crux Mathematicorum with Mathematical Mayhem
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015085195363
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Summary :

Euler

Euler
  • Author : William Dunham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-03-04
  • Total pages :185
  • ISBN : 0883853280
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Summary : This book examines the huge scope of mathematical areas explored and developed by Leonhard Euler.

Cauchy’s Cours d’analyse

Cauchy’s Cours d’analyse
  • Author : Robert E. Bradley,C. Edward Sandifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-14
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9781441905499
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Summary : In 1821, Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789-1857) published a textbook, the Cours d’analyse, to accompany his course in analysis at the Ecole Polytechnique. It is one of the most influential mathematics books ever written. Not only did Cauchy provide a workable definition of limits and a means to make them the basis of a rigorous theory of calculus, but he also revitalized the idea that all mathematics could be set on such rigorous foundations. Today, the quality of a work of mathematics is judged in part on the quality of its rigor, and this standard is largely due to the transformation brought about by Cauchy and the Cours d’analyse. For this translation, the authors have also added commentary, notes, references, and an index.

Tales of Physicists and Mathematicians

Tales of Physicists and Mathematicians
  • Author : Simon Gindikin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-01
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9781461239420
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Summary : This revised and greatly expanded edition of the Russian classic contains a wealth of new information about the lives of many great mathematicians and scientists, past and present. Written by a distinguished mathematician and featuring a unique mix of mathematics, physics, and history, this text combines original source material and provides careful explanations for some of the most significant discoveries in mathematics and physics. What emerges are intriguing, multifaceted biographies that will interest readers at all levels.

A Tale of Two Continents

A Tale of Two Continents
  • Author : Abraham Pais
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-14
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781400864492
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Summary : "People like myself, who truly feel at home in several countries, are not strictly at home anywhere," writes Abraham Pais, one of the world's leading theoretical physicists, near the beginning of this engrossing chronicle of his life on two continents. The author of an immensely popular biography of Einstein, Subtle Is the Lord, Pais writes engagingly for a general audience. His "tale" describes his period of hiding in Nazi-occupied Holland (he ended the war in a Gestapo prison) and his life in America, particularly at the newly organized Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, then directed by the brilliant and controversial physicist Robert Oppenheimer. Pais tells fascinating stories about Oppenheimer, Einstein, Bohr, Sakharov, Dirac, Heisenberg, and von Neumann, as well as about nonscientists like Chaim Weizmann, George Kennan, Erwin Panofsky, and Pablo Casals. His enthusiasm about science and life in general pervades a book that is partly a memoir, partly a travel commentary, and partly a history of science. Pais's charming recollections of his years as a university student become somber with the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940. He was presented with an unusual deadline for his graduate work: a German decree that July 14, 1941, would be the final date on which Dutch Jews could be granted a doctoral degree. Pais received the degree, only to be forced into hiding from the Nazis in 1943, practically next door to Anne Frank. After the war, he went to the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen to work with Niels Bohr. 1946 began his years at the Institute for Advanced Study, where he worked first as a Fellow and then as a Professor until his move to Rockefeller University in 1963. Combining his understanding of disparate social and political worlds, Pais comments just as insightfully on Oppenheimer's ordeals during the McCarthy era as he does on his own and his European colleagues' struggles during World War II. Originally published in 1997. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Isis Current Bibliography of the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences

Isis Current Bibliography of the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0099041576
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Summary :

Routes of Learning

Routes of Learning
  • Author : Ivor Grattan-Guinness
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-16
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 0801892481
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Summary : All historians of mathematics and students of the field will want a copy of this remarkable resource on their bookshelves.

Euler at 300: An Appreciation

Euler at 300: An Appreciation
  • Author : Robert E. Bradley,Lawrence A. D'Antonio,C. Edward Sandifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-22
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 0883855658
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Summary : Leonhard Euler (1707-1783) was the most important mathematician of the 18th century. His collected works, which number more than 800 books and articles, fill over 70 large volumes. He revolutionised real analysis and mathematical physics, single-handedly established the field of analytic number theory, and made important contributions to almost every other branch of mathematics. A great pedagogue as well as a great researcher, his textbooks educated the next generation of mathematicians. This book compiles over 20 papers, based on some of the most memorable contributions from mathematicians and historians of mathematics at academic meetings across the USA and Canada, in the years approaching Leonhard Euler's tercentenary. These papers will appeal not only to those who already have an interest in the history of mathematics, but will also serve as a compelling introduction to the subject, focused on the accomplishments of one of the greatest mathematical minds of all time.