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Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction, Usage and Energy Applications

Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction, Usage and Energy Applications
  • Author : Anup Pradhan,Nheta Willie,Junior Mabiza,Charles Mbohwa,Benedikt Buchspies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0128159111
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Summary : Recent Advances in Platinum based Fuel Cell Technology discusses past, present and future research works on platinum as it applies to fuel cells. It examines the global trends of platinum mining, processing and its application, with case studies from the Southern African region. Processing techniques and application of nanotechnology are also explored. The book offers a brief discussion on different types of fuel cell and a detailed description of platinum-based fuel cell technology. It includes the cutting edge technological advances driving the interest on these technologies. Environmental and socio-economic impacts of the production chain of fuel cell technology are evaluated using life cycle assessment, and criticality assessment of platinum group metals focusing on all aspects of its sustainability is also presented. Offers a comprehensive overview of the platinum value chain in relation to its application in energy technologies, including fuel cells and electrolyzers Presents trends and cutting-edge technologies Examines different perspectives, such as technologies of mining, processing, sustainability aspects and criticality for the use of platinum in fuel cells

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining
  • Author : National Research Council,Committee on Earth Resources,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Technologies for the Mining Industries
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-03-14
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : 0309169836
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Summary : The Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) of the U. S. Department of Energy commissioned the National Research Council (NRC) to undertake a study on required technologies for the Mining Industries of the Future Program to complement information provided to the program by the National Mining Association. Subsequently, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health also became a sponsor of this study, and the Statement of Task was expanded to include health and safety. The overall objectives of this study are: (a) to review available information on the U.S. mining industry; (b) to identify critical research and development needs related to the exploration, mining, and processing of coal, minerals, and metals; and (c) to examine the federal contribution to research and development in mining processes.

Critical Materials Strategy

Critical Materials Strategy
  • Author : Steven Chu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-01
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9781437944181
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Summary : This report examines the role of rare earth metals and other materials in the clean energy economy. It was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) based on data collected and research performed during 2010. In the report, DoE describes plans to: (1) develop its first integrated research agenda addressing critical materials, building on three technical workshops convened by the DoE during November and December 2010; (2) strengthen its capacity for information-gathering on this topic; and (3) work closely with international partners, including Japan and Europe, to reduce vulnerability to supply disruptions and address critical material needs. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Minerals, Critical Minerals, and the U.S. Economy

Minerals, Critical Minerals, and the U.S. Economy
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : 0309112869
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Summary :

Linkages of Sustainability

Linkages of Sustainability
  • Author : Julia Lupp
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :532
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036435352
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Summary : In this book, experts engage in an extended dialogue arguing for a comprehensive view of sustainability. They emphasize the constraints imposed by the relationships among the components, for example, how the need for clean, easily accessible water intersects with the need for the energy required to provide it. This book urges a transformation in the way we view sustainability, a transformation that is necessary if we are to plan responsibly for a more sustainable world.--[book jacket].

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-22
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780309483360
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Summary : In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States
  • Author : K. J. Schulz,John H. DeYoung,Robert R. Seal,Dwight C. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-27
  • Total pages :797
  • ISBN : 1411339916
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Summary : As the importance and dependence of specific mineral commodities increase, so does concern about their supply. The United States is currently 100 percent reliant on foreign sources for 20 mineral commodities and imports the majority of its supply of more than 50 mineral commodities. Mineral commodities that have important uses and face potential supply disruption are critical to American economic and national security. However, a mineral commodity's importance and the nature of its supply chain can change with time; a mineral commodity that may not have been considered critical 25 years ago may be critical today, and one considered critical today may not be so in the future. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced this volume to describe a select group of mineral commodities currently critical to our economy and security. For each mineral commodity covered, the authors provide a comprehensive look at (1) the commodity's use; (2) the geology and global distribution of the mineral deposit types that account for the present and possible future supply of the commodity; (3) the current status of production, reserves, and resources in the United States and globally; and (4) environmental considerations related to the commodity's production from different types of mineral deposits. The volume describes U.S. critical mineral resources in a global context, for no country can be self-sufficient for all its mineral commodity needs, and the United States will always rely on global mineral commodity supply chains. This volume provides the scientific understanding of critical mineral resources required for informed decisionmaking by those responsible for ensuring that the United States has a secure and sustainable supply of mineral commodities.

Critical Metals Handbook

Critical Metals Handbook
  • Author : Gus Gunn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-06
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781118755211
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Summary : Mankind is using a greater variety of metals in greaterquantities than ever before. As a result there is increasing globalconcern over the long-term availability of secure and adequatesupplies of the metals needed by society. Critical metals, whichare those of growing economic importance that might be susceptibleto future scarcity, are a particular worry. For many of thesewe have little information on how they are concentrated in theEarth’s crust, how to extract them from their ores, and howto use, recycle and dispose of them effectively and safely. Published with the British Geological Survey, the CriticalMetals Handbook brings together a wealth of knowledge oncritical metals and provides a foundation for improving the futuresecurity and sustainability of critical metal supplies. Written byinternational experts, it provides a unique source of authoritativeinformation on diverse aspects of the critical metals, includinggeology, deposits, processing, applications, recycling,environmental issues and markets. It is aimed at a broadnon-specialist audience, including professionals and academicsworking in the exploration and mining sectors, in mining financeand investment, and in mineral processing and manufacturing. Itwill also be a valuable reference for policy makers concerned withresource management, land-use planning, eco-efficiency, recyclingand related fields.

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals
  • Author : Frank Crundwell,Michael Moats,Venkoba Ramachandran,Timothy Robinson,W. G. Davenport
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-18
  • Total pages :622
  • ISBN : 9780080968100
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Summary : This book describes and explains the methods by which three related ores and recyclables are made into high purity metals and chemicals, for materials processing. It focuses on present day processes and future developments rather than historical processes. Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage. The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science. Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plants Discusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one book Reviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic ore Industrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources

The Industrial Green Game

The Industrial Green Game
  • Author : National Academy of Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-07-24
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9780309520423
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Summary : Industrial ecology is a concept that has emerged in response to growing public concern about the impact of industry on the environment. In this framework the natural flow (or circulation) of materials and energy that takes place in biological ecosystems becomes a model for more efficient industrial "metabolism." What industrial ecology is and how it may be applied to corporate environmentalism are the subject of The Industrial Green Game. This volume examines industrial circulation of materials, energy efficiency strategies, "green" accounting, life-cycle analysis, and other approaches for preventing pollution and improving performance. Corporate leaders report firsthand on "green" efforts at Ciba-Geigy, Volvo, Kennecott, and Norsk Hydro. And an update is provided on the award-winning industrial symbiosis project in Kalundborg, Denmark. The Industrial Green Game looks at issues of special concern to business, such as measuring and shaping public perceptions and marketing "green" products to consumers. It offers discussions of the appropriate roles of government and private business.

The Life Cycle of Copper, Its Co-Products and Byproducts

The Life Cycle of Copper, Its Co-Products and Byproducts
  • Author : Robert U. Ayres,Leslie W. Ayres,Ingrid Råde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 9789401733793
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Summary : Achieving the goals and objectives of sustainable development requires better information about the consequences of proposed actions. Partial information accounts for many failed efforts in the past. The financial implications for the proponent of the projects have often been more thoroughly analyzed than the implications for other actors. The impacts on biological diversity, or on the social fabric of local communities, have often been ignored. Decisi- makers may also focus more on the short-term consequences instead of long- term impacts, creating negative unintended consequences. It is clear that better decision-making processes are needed. Making better decisions requires identifying, obtaining, synthesizing and acting on larger and more diverse data sets, including information that has previously been overlooked in development decisions. The good news is that better processes are being developed and are becoming available. If the goal is to reach decisions that are broadly understood and accepted, affected communities need to be consulted. Early public participation in defining problems is a prerequisite to effective decision-making. There is no universal formula or checklist of information applicable to every proposed project. The scope of information required should not be determined from the start by small cadres of experts. It is unlikely that any individual or small group processes all of the expertise to achieve the kind of profound int- disciplinary synthesis that is needed.

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment
  • Author : Ireneusz Zbicinski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9789197552622
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Summary :

Rare Earths Industry

Rare Earths Industry
  • Author : Ismar Borges De Lima,Walter Leal Filho
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-10
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780128025680
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Summary : Rare Earths elements are composed of 15 chemical elements in the periodic table. Scandium and yttrium have similar properties, with mineral assemblages, and are therefore referred alike in the literature. Although abundant in the planet surface, the Rare Earths are not found in concentrated forms, thus making them economically valued as they are so challenging to obtain. Rare Earths Industry: Technological, Economic and Environmental Implications provides an interdisciplinary orientation to the topic of Rare Earths with a focus on technical, scientific, academic, economic, and environmental issues. Part I of book deals with the Rare Earths Reserves and Mining, Part II focuses on Rare Earths Processes and High-Tech Product Development, and Part III deals with Rare Earths Recycling Opportunities and Challenges. The chapters provide updated information and priceless analysis of the theme, and they seek to present the latest techniques, approaches, processes and technologies that can reduce the costs of compliance with environmental concerns in a way it is possible to anticipate and mitigate emerging problems. Discusses the influence of policy on Rare Earth Elements to help raise interest in developing strategies for management resource development and exploitation Global contributions will address solutions in countries that are high RE producers, including China, Brazil, Australia, and South China End of chapter critical summaries outline the technological, economic and environmental implications of rare earths reserves, exploration and market Provides a concise, but meaningful, geopolitical analysis of the current worldwide scenario and importance of rare earths exploration for governments, corporate groups, and local stakeholders

Energy Efficiency in the Minerals Industry

Energy Efficiency in the Minerals Industry
  • Author : Kwame Awuah-Offei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-31
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 9783319541990
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Summary : This book presents a state-of-the-art analysis of energy efficiency as applied to mining processes. From ground fragmentation to mineral processing and extractive metallurgy, experts discuss the current state of knowledge and the nagging questions that call for further research. It offers an excellent resource for all mine managers and engineers who want to improve energy efficiency to boost both production efficiency and sustainability. It will also benefit graduate students and experienced researchers looking for a comprehensive review of the current state of knowledge concerning energy efficiency in the minerals industry.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112075701398
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Summary :

Electricity from Renewable Resources

Electricity from Renewable Resources
  • Author : National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,America's Energy Future Panel on Electricity from Renewable Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-05
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9780309137089
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Summary : A component in the America's Energy Future study, Electricity from Renewable Resources examines the technical potential for electric power generation with alternative sources such as wind, solar-photovoltaic, geothermal, solar-thermal, hydroelectric, and other renewable sources. The book focuses on those renewable sources that show the most promise for initial commercial deployment within 10 years and will lead to a substantial impact on the U.S. energy system. A quantitative characterization of technologies, this book lays out expectations of costs, performance, and impacts, as well as barriers and research and development needs. In addition to a principal focus on renewable energy technologies for power generation, the book addresses the challenges of incorporating such technologies into the power grid, as well as potential improvements in the national electricity grid that could enable better and more extensive utilization of wind, solar-thermal, solar photovoltaics, and other renewable technologies.

Sustainability Through Innovation in Product Life Cycle Design

Sustainability Through Innovation in Product Life Cycle Design
  • Author : Mitsutaka Matsumoto,Keijiro Masui,Shinichi Fukushige,Shinsuke Kondoh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-19
  • Total pages :1031
  • ISBN : 9789811004711
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Summary : This book consists of chapters based on selected papers presented at the EcoDesign2015 symposium (9th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing). The symposium, taking place in Tokyo in December 2015, has been leading the research and practices of eco-design of products and product-related services since it was first held in 1999. The proceedings of EcoDesign2011 were also published by Springer. Eco-design of products and product-related services (or product life cycle design) are indispensable to realize the circular economy and to increase resource efficiencies of our society. This book covers the state of the art of the research and the practices in eco-design, which are necessary in both developed and developing countries. The chapters of the book, all of which were peer-reviewed, have been contributed by authors from around the world, especially from East Asia, Europe, and Southeast Asia. The features of the book include (1) coverage of the latest topics in the field, e.g., global eco-design management, data usage in eco-design, and social perspectives in eco-design; (2) an increased number of authors from Southeast Asian countries, with a greater emphasis on eco-design in emerging economies; (3) high-quality manuscripts, with the number of chapters less than half of that of the previous book.

LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction

LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction
  • Author : US Green Building Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-01
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1932444629
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Summary :

Separation Technologies for the Industries of the Future

Separation Technologies for the Industries of the Future
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Industrial Technology Assessments,Panel on Separation Technology for Industrial Reuse and Recycling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-08
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 9780309063777
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Summary : Separation processesâ€"or processes that use physical, chemical, or electrical forces to isolate or concentrate selected constituents of a mixtureâ€"are essential to the chemical, petroleum refining, and materials processing industries. In this volume, an expert panel reviews the separation process needs of seven industries and identifies technologies that hold promise for meeting these needs, as well as key technologies that could enable separations. In addition, the book recommends criteria for the selection of separations research projects for the Department of Energy's Office of Industrial Technology.

Resource Recovery from Wastes

Resource Recovery from Wastes
  • Author : L E Macaskie,D J Sapsford,W M Mayes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-15
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9781788013819
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Summary : Bringing together a broad range of topics on resource recovery this book provides a valuable resource for those working in green chemistry and waste management.

Metal Sustainability

Metal Sustainability
  • Author : Reed M. Izatt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-29
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781119009122
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Summary : The sustainable use of natural resources is an important global challenge, and improved metal sustainability is a crucial goal for the 21st century in order to conserve the supply of critical metals and mitigate the environmental and health issues resulting from unrecovered metals. Metal Sustainability: Global Challenges, Consequences and Prospects discusses important topics and challenges associated with sustainability in metal life cycles, from mining ore to beneficiation processes, to product manufacture, to recovery from end-of-life materials, to environmental and health concerns resulting from generated waste. The broad perspective presented highlights the global interdependence of the many stages of metal life cycles. Economic issues are emphasized and relevant environmental, health, political, industrial and societal issues are discussed. The importance of applying green chemistry principles to metal sustainability is emphasized. Topics covered include: • Recycling and sustainable utilization of precious and specialty metals • Formal and informal recycling from electronic and other high-tech wastes • Global management of electronic wastes • Metal reuse and recycling in developing countries • Effects of toxic and other metal releases on the environment and human health • Effect on bacteria of toxic metal release • Selective recovery of platinum group metals and rare earth metals • Metal sustainability from a manufacturing perspective • Economic perspectives on sustainability, mineral development, and metal life cycles • Closing the Loop – Minerals Industry Issues The aim of this book is to improve awareness of the increasingly important role metals play in our high-tech society, the need to conserve our metal supply throughout the metal life cycle, the importance of improved metal recycling, and the effects that unhindered metal loss can have on the environment and on human health.