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Liquid-Phase Extraction

Liquid-Phase Extraction
  • Author : Colin F. Poole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-29
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780128169124
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Summary : Liquid Phase Extraction thoroughly presents both existing and new techniques in liquid phase extraction. It not only provides all information laboratory scientists need for choosing and utilizing suitable sample preparation procedures for any kind of sample, but also showcases the contemporary uses of sample preparation techniques in the most important industrial and academic project environments, including countercurrent chromatography, pressurized-liquid extraction, single-drop Microextraction, and more. Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, it serves as a one-stop reference for those who need to know which technique to choose for liquid phase extraction. Used in conjunction with a similar release, Solid Phase Extraction, it allows users to master this crucial aspect of sample preparation. Defines the current state-of-the-art in extraction techniques and the methods and procedures for implementing them in laboratory practice Includes extensive referencing that facilitates the identification of key information Aimed at both entry-level scientists and those who want to explore new techniques and methods

Liquid-Phase Extraction

Liquid-Phase Extraction
  • Author : Colin F. Poole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0128169117
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Summary : Liquid Phase Extraction thoroughly presents both existing and new techniques in liquid phase extraction. It not only provides all information laboratory scientists need for choosing and utilizing suitable sample preparation procedures for any kind of sample, but also showcases the contemporary uses of sample preparation techniques in the most important industrial and academic project environments, including countercurrent chromatography, pressurized-liquid extraction, single-drop Microextraction, and more. Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, it serves as a one-stop reference for those who need to know which technique to choose for liquid phase extraction. Used in conjunction with a similar release, Solid Phase Extraction, it allows users to master this crucial aspect of sample preparation. Defines the current state-of-the-art in extraction techniques and the methods and procedures for implementing them in laboratory practice Includes extensive referencing that facilitates the identification of key information Aimed at both entry-level scientists and those who want to explore new techniques and methods

Liquid Phase Extraction and Separation of Natural Compounds

Liquid Phase Extraction and Separation of Natural Compounds
  • Author : Elena Ibáñez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1187746851
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Summary :

Miniaturization in Sample Preparation

Miniaturization in Sample Preparation
  • Author : Francisco Pena Pereira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-01
  • Total pages :463
  • ISBN : 9783110427264
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Summary : Miniaturization is a challenge thrown down to analytical chemistry. The replacement of conventional analytical systems by miniaturized alternatives during the last years is noticeable. Specifically, the miniaturization of traditional sample preparation techniques (e.g., solid-phase extraction or solvent extraction) led to the development of environmentally benign analytical methods. This book aims to provide an overview of the challenges and achievements inthe application of the miniaturized sample preparation methods in analytical laboratories. It includes both theoretical and practical aspects of miniaturized sample preparation approaches and hence should be of interest to researchers, students and teachers of analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, environmental sciences and environmental engineering.

Science and Practice of Liquid-liquid Extraction: Phase equilibria, mass transfer and interfacial phenomena, extractor hydrodynamics, selection, and design

Science and Practice of Liquid-liquid Extraction: Phase equilibria, mass transfer and interfacial phenomena, extractor hydrodynamics, selection, and design
  • Author : John D. Thornton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 0198562365
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Summary : This work presents an up-to-date account of some of the fundamental aspects of liquid-liquid extraction technology together with an account of extraction processes in a number of important industries. The work is divided into two parts. Volume 1 is concerned with the thermodynamics of phase equilibria; mass transfer in liquid-liquid systems, including the complicating role of interfacial turbulence; behavior of liquid-liquid dispersions; and the selection and design of countercurrent contactors for particular applications. Volume 2 gives an account of the process chemistry and associated extraction operations in a number of industries of current interest. New extraction techniques have been developed in recent years for specific applications and these are illustrated with reference to the hydrometallurgical, nuclear, pharmaceutical and food industries.

Analytical Microextraction Techniques

Analytical Microextraction Techniques
  • Author : M. Valcárcel,S. Cárdenas,R. Lucena
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-13
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9781681083797
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Summary : Sample treatment has been the focus of intensive research in the last 20 years since it still remains a bottleneck in precise analytical procedures. The low concentration of the target analytes, the large amount of potential interfering agents and the incompatibility of the sample matrix with the instrumental techniques are the main reasons for these bottlenecks. In most of these methods, sample treatment is an unavoidable step and it has a clear influence on the quality (sensitivity, selectivity, and accuracy) of the final analytical results. While the usefulness of microextraction techniques has been established, their complete acceptance in analytical laboratories (including official methods of analysis) depends on their successful automation and integration with conventional analytical instrumentation. Analytical Microextraction Techniques presents comprehensive information about several analytical methods that are useful in the laboratory. These include: sorptive microextraction, solid and liquid phase microextraction, packed sorbent microextraction, miniaturized dispersive solid-phase extraction, thin film and nanoparticle based techniques, and membrane-based techniques. This is a vital reference on microextraction and sample preparation techniques for applied chemistry students, analytical chemists and laboratory technicians.

Reactive Extraction

Reactive Extraction
  • Author : Hans-Jörg Bart
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9783662044032
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Summary : This booklet is designed to bridge the gap between handbooks and technical literature and aims at graduate students or experienced readers. Commercial flow sheeting simulation software is increasingly available and is used in the early steps of process design in industry. As to this, more sophisticated and precise models based on activities instead of concentrations should be used. After an introductory chapter there is in Chapter 2 an intensive discussion of reactive phase equilibria of ionic and non-ionic solutes based on chemical potentials. Chapter 3 introduces to multicomponent diffusion and mass transfer. However, the main focus is on the reactive mass transfer on rigid and mobile surfaces where the interfacial reaction, molecular diffusion and adsorption layers are decisive. The respective extraction of zinc with a cation exchanger and of acetic acid with an anion exchanger is discussed as case studies. Since adsorption layers and surfactants have a major impact on liquid-liquid extraction efficiency, the final chapter reviews several tech niques which make use of polymeric species in an extractive process. A short review is also given on extraction apparatus and the hydrodynamics (hydraulic design, droplet populance balances) of columns. Much of the booklet is based on the PhD works of C. Czapla (2000), G. Modes (2000), H. Klocker (1996), T. Kronberger (1995), M. Marters (2000), M. Roos (2000), M. Traving (2000) and B. Wachter (1996) who I wish to thank for their fruitful contributions.

Solvent Microextraction

Solvent Microextraction
  • Author : John M Kokosa,Andrzej Przyjazny,Michael Jeannot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-05
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 9780470278598
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Summary : This book offers both a practical as well a theoretical approach to Solvent Microextraction (SME) and will help analytical chemists to evaluate SME for a given sample preparation. Introductory chapters overview a comparison of SME with other sample preparation methods, a summary of the technical aspects, and a detailed theoretical treatment of SME. The book then describes the practical aspects of the technique, with detailed “how to” chapters devoted to the preparation and analysis of atmospheric, solid and liquid environmental, clinical and industrial samples. This text will serve as both a handy laboratory desk-reference and an indispensible instructional tool.

Solid-Phase Extraction

Solid-Phase Extraction
  • Author : Nigel J.K. Simpson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-03-15
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 1420056247
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Summary : Demonstrating the relationship of the basic theory of solid-phase extraction (SPE) to chromatography, this comprehensive reference illustrates how SPE techniques significantly contribute to the preparation of samples for a wide variety of analytical techniques. It provides step-by-step details on the applications of SPE to environmental matrices, broad-spectrum drug screening, veterinary drug abuse, pharmaceutical drug development, biological samples, and high-throughput screening. Written by world-renowned experts in the field, the book contains helpful reference charts, tables of solvent properties, selectivities, molecular acid/base properties, and more.

Forensic and Clinical Applications of Solid Phase Extraction

Forensic and Clinical Applications of Solid Phase Extraction
  • Author : Michael J. Telepchak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-28
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9781592592920
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Summary : This complete laboratory reference manual explains the principles behind solid phase extraction (SPE) and provides readily reproducible protocols for solving extraction problems in forensic and clinical chemistry. Numerous actual chromatograms, based on original research and diverse applications, demonstrate the technique and the results that can be achieved. Extensive appendices allow fast access to frequently needed information on reagents, the preparation of solutions and buffers, milliequivalent and millimode calculations, buffers and pKa for SPE, and a complete RapidTrace® technical manual. Each proven protocol is described in step-by-step detail and contains an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and on avoiding known pitfalls.

Liquid-Phase Extraction

Liquid-Phase Extraction
  • Author : Colin F. Poole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-29
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780128169124
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Summary : Liquid Phase Extraction thoroughly presents both existing and new techniques in liquid phase extraction. It not only provides all information laboratory scientists need for choosing and utilizing suitable sample preparation procedures for any kind of sample, but also showcases the contemporary uses of sample preparation techniques in the most important industrial and academic project environments, including countercurrent chromatography, pressurized-liquid extraction, single-drop Microextraction, and more. Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, it serves as a one-stop reference for those who need to know which technique to choose for liquid phase extraction. Used in conjunction with a similar release, Solid Phase Extraction, it allows users to master this crucial aspect of sample preparation. Defines the current state-of-the-art in extraction techniques and the methods and procedures for implementing them in laboratory practice Includes extensive referencing that facilitates the identification of key information Aimed at both entry-level scientists and those who want to explore new techniques and methods

Extraction Techniques in Analytical Sciences

Extraction Techniques in Analytical Sciences
  • Author : John R. Dean
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-18
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 0470682507
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Summary : This book coves one of the most important areas in analytical sciences, extraction techniques for organic compounds in environmental and related matrices. This text discusses all of the key stages for analysing a sample for organic compounds from the initial sampling protocols, the range of different extraction techniques for solid, liquid and air samples through to the final chromatographic analysis. The topics covered include: Initial steps for solid, aqueous and air sampling. Extraction techniques for aqueous samples, including LLE, purge and trap, SPE, SPME, SBSE, SDME, membrane microextraction and MPES. Extraction techniques for solid samples, including Soxhlet, 'Soxtec', Shake-flask, sonication, PFE, MAE, SFE and MSPD. Extraction techniques for air sampling, including whole air, enrichment approaches and desorption techniques. Pre-concentration approaches for post-extraction. Practical aspects for chromatographic analysis (GC and HPLC) of organic compounds. Quality assurance aspects of analysis. Health and safety considerations. Key features include: Up-to-date information on the latest development in extraction techniques for organic compounds in environmental and food matrices. Ideal for use as a self-study guide, as the basis of a taught course or guided reading for new 'early-career' researchers. Includes a guide for the reader to other sources of information. Extraction Techniques in Analytical Sciences is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as providing an invaluable starting point for individuals undertaking applied research in the fields of analytical, bioanalytical, environmental and food sciences. The Analytical Techniques in the Sciences series of books provides coverage of all of the major analytical techniques and their application in the most important areas of physical, life and materials science. Each text is presented in an open learning/distance learning style, in which the learning objectives are clearly identified. the reader's understanding of the material is constantly evaluated by the use of self-assessment and discussion questions.

Solid-Phase Extraction

Solid-Phase Extraction
  • Author : Colin F. Poole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-12
  • Total pages :740
  • ISBN : 9780128169070
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Summary : Solid Phase Extraction thoroughly presents both new and historic techniques for dealing with solid phase extraction. It provides all information laboratory scientists need for choosing and utilizing suitable sample preparation procedures for any kind of sample. In addition, the book showcases the contemporary uses of sample preparation techniques in the most important industrial and academic project environments, including solid-phase Microextraction, molecularly imprinted polymers, magnetic nanoparticles, and more. Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, this one-stop reference is ideal for those who need to know which technique to choose for solid phase extraction. Used in conjunction with a similar release, Liquid Phase Extraction, this book allows users to master this crucial aspect of sample preparation. Defines the current state-of-the-art in extraction techniques and the methods and procedures for implementing them in laboratory practice Includes extensive referencing that facilitates the identification of key information Aimed at both entry-level scientists and those who want to explore new techniques and methods

Herbicides

Herbicides
  • Author : Andrew Price,Jessica Kelton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-29
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9789535111221
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Summary : Herbicides represent one of the most widely used groups of pesticides worldwide for control of weed species in agricultural and non-crop settings. Due to the extensive use of herbicides and their value in weed management, herbicide research remains crucial for ensuring continued, effective use of herbicides while minimizing detrimental effects to ecosystems. Presently, a wide range of research continues to focus on improved herbicide use, environmental impact of herbicides, and even medicinal application of herbicide chemistries. In Herbicides - Advances in Research, authors cover multiple topics concerning current, valuable herbicide research.

Sample Preparation in LC-MS Bioanalysis

Sample Preparation in LC-MS Bioanalysis
  • Author : Wenkui Li,Wenying Jian,Yunlin Fu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-12
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781119274292
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Summary : Revised and Expanded Handbook Provides Comprehensive Introduction and Complete Instruction for Sample Preparation in Vital Category of Bioanalysis Following in the footsteps of the previously published Handbook of LC-MS Bioanalysis, this book is a thorough and timely guide to all important sample preparation techniques used for quantitative Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) bioanalysis of small and large molecules. LC-MS bioanalysis is a key element of pharmaceutical research and development, post-approval therapeutic drug monitoring, and many other studies used in human healthcare. While advances are continually being made in key aspects of LC-MS bioanalysis such as sensitivity and throughput, the value of research/study mentioned above is still heavily dependent on the availability of high-quality data, for which sample preparation plays the critical role. Thus, this text provides researchers in industry, academia, and regulatory agencies with detailed sample preparation techniques and step-by-step protocols on proper extraction of various analyte(s) of interest from biological samples for LC-MS quantification, in accordance with current health authority regulations and industry best practices. The three sections of the book with a total of 26 chapters cover topics that include: Current basic sample preparation techniques (e.g., protein precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction, salting-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction, ultracentrifugation and ultrafiltration, microsampling, sample extraction via electromembranes) Sample preparation techniques for uncommon biological matrices (e.g., tissues, hair, skin, nails, bones, mononuclear cells, cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous humor) Crucial aspects of LC-MS bioanalytical method development (e.g., pre-analytical considerations, derivation strategies, stability, non-specific binding) in addition to sample preparation techniques for challenging molecules (e.g., lipids, peptides, proteins, oligonucleotides, antibody-drug conjugates) Sample Preparation in LC-MS Bioanalysis will prove a practical and highly valuable addition to the reference shelves of scientists and related professionals in a variety of fields, including pharmaceutical and biomedical research, mass spectrometry, and analytical chemistry, as well as practitioners in clinical pharmacology, toxicology, and therapeutic drug monitoring.

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography
  • Author : Serban Moldoveanu,Victor David
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-24
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9780323898201
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Summary : Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography, Second Edition explains the principles of sample preparation for chromatographic analysis. A variety of procedures are applied to make real-world samples amenable for chromatographic analysis and to improve results. This book's authors discuss each procedure’s advantages, disadvantages and their applicability to different types of samples, along with their fit for different types of chromatographic analysis. The book contains numerous literature references and examples of sample preparation for different matrices and new sections on green approaches in sample preparation, progress in automation of sample preparation, non-conventional solvents for LLE (ionic liquids, deep eutectic mixtures, and others), and more. Presents numerous techniques applied for sample preparation for chromatographic analysis Provides an up-to-date source of information regarding the progress made in sample preparation for chromatography Describes examples for specific types of matrices, providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation method for a given analysis

Sample Preparation of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms

Sample Preparation of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms
  • Author : Beverly Nickerson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-05
  • Total pages :397
  • ISBN : 1441996311
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Summary : This book is intended to serve as a resource for analysts in developing and troubleshooting sample preparation methods. These are critical activities in providing accurate and reliable data throughout the lifecycle of a drug product. This book is divided into four parts: • Part One covers dosage form and diluent properties that impact sample preparation of pharmaceutical dosage forms and the importance of sampling considerations in generating data representative of the drug product batch. • Part Two reviews specific sample preparation techniques typically used with pharmaceutical dosage forms. • Part Three discusses sample preparation method development for different types of dosage forms including addressing drug excipient interactions and post extraction considerations, as well as method validation and applying Quality by Design (QbD) principles to sample preparation methods. • Part Four examines additional topics in sample preparation including automation, investigating aberrant potency results, green chemistry considerations for sample preparation and the ideal case where no sample preparation is required for sample analysis.

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation
  • Author : Janusz Pawliszyn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-01
  • Total pages :982
  • ISBN : 0123877709
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Summary : " Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation" is a complete treatment of the theory and methodology of sampling in all physical phases and the theory of sample preparation for all major extraction techniques. It is the perfect starting point for researchers and students to design and implement their experiments and support those experiments with quality-reviewed background information. In its four volumes, fundamentals of sampling and sample preparation are reinforced through broad and detailed sections dealing with Biological and Medical, Environmental and Forensic, and Food and Beverage applications. The contributions are organized to reflect the way in which analytical chemists approach a problem. It is intended for a broad audience of analytical chemists, both educators and practitioners of the art and can assist in the preparation of courses as well in the selection of sampling and sample preparation techniques to address the challenges at hand. Above all, it is designed to be helpful in learning more about these topics, as well as to encourage an interest in sampling and sample preparation by outlining the present practice of the technology and by indicating research opportunities. Sampling and Sample preparation is a large and well-defined field in Analytical Chemistry, relevant for many application areas such as medicine, environmental science, biochemistry, pharmacology, geology, and food science. This work covers all these aspects and will be extremely useful to researchers and students, who can use it as a starting point to design and implement their experiments and for quality-reviewed background information. There are limited resources that Educators can use to effectively teach the fundamental aspects of modern sample preparation technology. Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation addresses this need, but focuses on the common principles of new developments in extraction technologies rather than the differences between techniques thus facilitating a more thorough understanding. Provides a complete overview of the field. Not only will help to save time, it will also help to make correct assessments and avoid costly mistakes in sampling in the process. Sample and sample preparation are integral parts of the analytical process but are often less considered and sometimes even completely disregarded in the available literature. To fill this gap, leading scientists have contributed 130 chapters, organized in 4 volumes, covering all modern aspects of sampling and liquid, solid phase and membrane extractions, as well as the challenges associated with different types of matrices in relevant application areas.

Fundamentals of Food Process Engineering

Fundamentals of Food Process Engineering
  • Author : Romeo T. Toledo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9781461570523
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Summary : Ten years after the publication of the first edition of Fundamentals of Food Process Engineering, there have been significant changes in both food science education and the food industry itself. Students now in the food science curric ulum are generally better prepared mathematically than their counterparts two decades ago. The food science curriculum in most schools in the United States has split into science and business options, with students in the science option following the Institute of Food Technologists' minimum requirements. The minimum requirements include the food engineering course, thus students en rolled in food engineering are generally better than average, and can be chal lenged with more rigor in the course material. The food industry itself has changed. Traditionally, the food industry has been primarily involved in the canning and freezing of agricultural commodi ties, and a company's operations generally remain within a single commodity. Now, the industry is becoming more diversified, with many companies involved in operations involving more than one type of commodity. A number of for mulated food products are now made where the commodity connection becomes obscure. The ability to solve problems is a valued asset in a technologist, and often, solving problems involves nothing more than applying principles learned in other areas to the problem at hand. A principle that may have been commonly used with one commodity may also be applied to another commodity to produce unique products.

Soil Liquid Phase Composition

Soil Liquid Phase Composition
  • Author : Valeriĭ Viktorovich Snakin,V.V. Snakin,A.A. Prisyazhnaya,E. Kovács-Láng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-04
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 0444506756
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Summary : Front Cover; Soil Liquid Phase Composition; Copyright Page; CONTENTS; INTRODUCTION; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; CHAPTER 1. SOIL LIQUID PHASE AS A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT OF AN ECOSYSTEM; CHAPTER 2. SOIL LIQUID PHASE INVESTIGATION; CHAPTER 3. STUDY AREAS; CHAPTER 4. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON THE SOIL LIQUID PHASE; CHAPTER 5. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL LIQUID PHASE; CHAPTER 6. MATERIAL AND ENERGY EXCHANGE IN ECOSYSTEMS; CHAPTER 7. ENVIRONMENTAL PROCESSES AND SOIL LIQUID PHASE; SUMMARY; GLOSSARY; REFERENCES; CORRELATION BETWEEN SOIL NAMES; SUBJECT INDEX; AUTHOR INDEX.

Military Construction Appropriations for 2004

Military Construction Appropriations for 2004
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Military Construction Appropriations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCBK:C081437753
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Summary :