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Liquid-Solid Separators

Liquid-Solid Separators
  • Author : Jean-Paul Duroudier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-23
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9780081017821
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Summary : Liquid-Solid Separators, part of the Industrial Equipment for Chemical Engineering set, presents detailed information on the filtration parameters that are used to calculate and measure the properties of filters that separate a divided solid from a liquid. Well-known equations are used to describe the passing of a solution through a membrane, deducing the expression of membrane rejection for solutes. Biological membranes are used as examples, and their ionic flows and involvement in reactions within the membrane are discussed. The author also provides information on the methods needed for understanding the equipment used in applied thermodynamics in the hope of encouraging students and engineers to self build the programs they need. Chapters are complemented with appendices that provide additional information and associated references. Presents detailed information on the filtration parameters that are used to calculate and measure the properties of filters that separate a divided solid from a liquid Describes the passing of a solution through a membrane, deducing the expression of membrane rejection for solutes Uses biological membranes as examples, discussing their ionic flows and involvement in reactions within the membrane

Liquid-Gas and Solid-Gas Separators

Liquid-Gas and Solid-Gas Separators
  • Author : Jean-Paul Duroudier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-08
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9780081017814
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Summary : Liquid-Gas and Solid-Gas Separators, part of the Industrial Equipment for Chemical Engineering set, details the magnetic properties of solids and their separation in a magnetic field. After a thorough description of the electronic filter and its functioning, numerical examples are given for the functioning of Venturi (which is a convergent–divergent). The centrifugal separator with superimposed plates theory is also developed alongside the screw-mud-pump. The author also provides the methods needed for understanding the equipment used in applied thermodynamics in the hope of encouraging students and engineers to self build the programs they need. Chapters are complemented with appendices that provide additional information and associated references. Presents a comprehensive example of a real-world simulation of a venturi Examines a centrifugal decanter designed to separate the components of a liquid–solid Details the magnetic properties of solids and their separation in a magnetic field

Solid-Liquid Separation

Solid-Liquid Separation
  • Author : Ladislav Svarovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9781483162805
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Summary : Solid-Liquid Separation, Third Edition reviews the equipment and principles involved in the separation of solids and liquids from a suspension. Some important aspects of solid-liquid separation such as washing, flotation, membrane separation, and magnetic separation are discussed. This book is comprised of 23 chapters and begins with an overview of solid-liquid separation processes and the principles involved, including flotation, gravity sedimentation, cake filtration, and deep bed filtration. The following chapters focus on the characterization of particles suspended in liquids; the efficiency of separation of particles from fluids; coagulation and flocculation; gravity thickening; and the operating characteristics, optimum design criteria, and applications of hydrocyclones. The reader is also introduced to various solid-liquid separation processes such as centrifugal sedimentation, screening, and filtration, along with the use of filter aids. Countercurrent washing of solids and problems associated with fine particle recycling are also considered. The final chapter is devoted to the thermodynamics of particle-fluid interaction. This monograph will be useful to chemical engineers and process engineers, particularly those in plant operation, plant design, or equipment testing and commissioning. It can also be used as a textbook for both undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Solid/Liquid Separation: Equipment Selection and Process Design

Solid/Liquid Separation: Equipment Selection and Process Design
  • Author : Steve Tarleton,Richard Wakeman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-07
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0080467172
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Summary : In this volume, the third in a set specifically written for the industrial process and chemical engineer, the authors provide the detailed information on filtration equipment and media which allows the reader to then consider the pre-treatment of suspensions, selection of the most appropriate equipment for the task, data analysis and the subsequent design of the processes involved for particular separations. The result is a comprehensive book which is designed to be used frequently and referred to regularly in order to achieve better industrial separations. Successful industrial-scale separation of solids from liquids requires not only a thorough understanding of the principles involved, but also an appreciation of which equipment to use for best effect, and a start-to-finish plan for the various processes involved in the operation. If these factors are all correct, then successful separations should result. Part of 3-volume set Unique approach to industrial separations Internationally-known authors

Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators

Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators
  • Author : Maurice Stewart,Ken Arnold
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-02
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0080560210
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Summary : Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators is practical guide designed to help engineers and operators develop a ?feel? for selection, specification, operating parameters, and trouble-shooting separators; form an understanding of the uncertainties and assumptions inherent in operating the equipment. The goal is to help familiarize operators with the knowledge and tools required to understand design flaws and solve everyday operational problems for types of separators. Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators is divided into six parts: Part one and two covers fundamentals such as: physical properties, phase behaviour and calculations. Part three through five is dedicated to topics such as: separator construction, factors affecting separation, vessel operation, and separator operation considerations. Part six is devoted to the ASME codes governing wall thickness determination of vessel weight fabrication, inspection, alteration and repair of separators 500 illustrations Easy to understand calculations methods Guide for protecting downstream equipment Helps reduce the loss of expensive intermediate ends Helps increase product purity

Progress in Filtration and Separation

Progress in Filtration and Separation
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-14
  • Total pages :698
  • ISBN : 9780123983077
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Summary : Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts

Food Engineering Handbook

Food Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Theodoros Varzakas,Constantina Tzia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-24
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9781482261660
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Summary : Food Engineering Handbook: Food Process Engineering addresses the basic and applied principles of food engineering methods used in food processing operations around the world. Combining theory with a practical, hands-on approach, this book examines the thermophysical properties and modeling of selected processes such as chilling, freezing, and dehydration. A complement to Food Engineering Handbook: Food Engineering Fundamentals, this text: Discusses size reduction, mixing, emulsion, and encapsulation Provides case studies of solid–liquid and supercritical fluid extraction Explores fermentation, enzymes, fluidized-bed drying, and more Presenting cutting-edge information on new and emerging food engineering processes, Food Engineering Handbook: Food Process Engineering is an essential reference on the modeling, quality, safety, and technologies associated with food processing operations today.

Hydrocyclones

Hydrocyclones
  • Author : L. Svarovsky,M.T. Thew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-10-31
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : 0792318765
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Summary : It is with great pleasure and satisfaction that we introduce this volume which comprises the papers accepted for the 4th International Conference on Hydrocyclones held in Southampton from 23rd to 25th September 1992. As the name implies, this is the fourth Conference in the series, with the previous ones held in Cambridge in 1980, Bath in 1984 and Oxford in 1987. The papers cover a wide span of activities, from fundamental research to advances in industrial practice and, as in the earlier volumes, make a significant contribution of lasting value to the technical literature on hydrocyclones. Hydrocyclones continue to widen their appeal to engineers; besides their traditional role in mineral processing they now attract a lot of attention in chemical engineering, the oil and gas industry, power generation, the food industry, textiles, metal working, waste water treatment, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and other industries. The reason for this continuously increasing attention is, as David Parkinson (General Manager of Conoco (UK)) said recently, that" ... a hydrocyclone is an engineering dream, a machine with no moving parts." Yet as this Volume clearly shows, the hydrocyclone can do so many things and do them well, whether the application is in solid-liquid, liquid-liquid or liquid-gas separation.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000066182115
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Summary :

Solid-Liquid Separation

Solid-Liquid Separation
  • Author : Ladislav Svarovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9781483162805
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Solid-Liquid Separation, Third Edition reviews the equipment and principles involved in the separation of solids and liquids from a suspension. Some important aspects of solid-liquid separation such as washing, flotation, membrane separation, and magnetic separation are discussed. This book is comprised of 23 chapters and begins with an overview of solid-liquid separation processes and the principles involved, including flotation, gravity sedimentation, cake filtration, and deep bed filtration. The following chapters focus on the characterization of particles suspended in liquids; the efficiency of separation of particles from fluids; coagulation and flocculation; gravity thickening; and the operating characteristics, optimum design criteria, and applications of hydrocyclones. The reader is also introduced to various solid-liquid separation processes such as centrifugal sedimentation, screening, and filtration, along with the use of filter aids. Countercurrent washing of solids and problems associated with fine particle recycling are also considered. The final chapter is devoted to the thermodynamics of particle-fluid interaction. This monograph will be useful to chemical engineers and process engineers, particularly those in plant operation, plant design, or equipment testing and commissioning. It can also be used as a textbook for both undergraduate and postgraduate students.

The Hydrocyclone

The Hydrocyclone
  • Author : D. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9781483155708
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Summary : The Hydrocyclone reviews data on the theoretical, design, and performance aspects of the liquid cyclone, hydraulic cyclone, or hydrocyclone. The book aims to be a source of reference to those who are in industries employing the use and application of the hydrocyclone. The text covers the historical development of the cyclone; flow pattern and distribution of velocities within the cyclone body; operational characteristics and areas of application in different phase separations; and the operating and design variables affecting the performance of the hydrocyclone. Categories of cyclone; commercially available cyclone equipment; and the specific industrial applications of the hydrocyclone are also surveyed. The text will be of practical use to industrial engineers, mechanical engineers, plant operators, miners, and researchers.

Filtration

Filtration
  • Author : Richard J. Wakeman,E. S. Tarleton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :446
  • ISBN : 1856173453
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Summary : The aim of this book is to inform engineers about the available equipment options for solid/liquid separation, to put these into classifications so that an engineer can make an informed equipment selection for a particular separations problem, and to present applicable models so that meaningful design and simulation calculations can be carried out. Within this context the role of expert systems and computer simulations are elucidated, with many examples showing the nature of calculations that can be undertaken and their significance. The focus of this book is design and simulation, linking practical aspects of filter selection and design to models that have been proven by industrial practice. An overall aim of this book is to bring closer together and rationalise both practical information and fundamental knowledge. In doing so, the importance of both must be recognised and the synergy that results from a good understanding used to improve design and simulation.

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries
  • Author : Shri Ramaswamy,Hua-Jiang Huang,Bandaru V. Ramarao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-04
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9781118493465
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Summary : Separation and purification processes play a critical role in biorefineries and their optimal selection, design and operation to maximise product yields and improve overall process efficiency. Separations and purifications are necessary for upstream processes as well as in maximising and improving product recovery in downstream processes. These processes account for a significant fraction of the total capital and operating costs and also are highly energy intensive. Consequently, a better understanding of separation and purification processes, current and possible alternative and novel advanced methods is essential for achieving the overall techno-economic feasibility and commercial success of sustainable biorefineries. This book presents a comprehensive overview focused specifically on the present state, future challenges and opportunities for separation and purification methods and technologies in biorefineries. Topics covered include: Equilibrium Separations: Distillation, liquid-liquid extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. Affinity-Based Separations: Adsorption, ion exchange, and simulated moving bed technologies. Membrane Based Separations: Microfiltration, ultrafiltration and diafiltration, nanofiltration, membrane pervaporation, and membrane distillation. Solid-liquid Separations: Conventional filtration and solid-liquid extraction. Hybrid/Integrated Reaction-Separation Systems: Membrane bioreactors, extractive fermentation, reactive distillation and reactive absorption. For each of these processes, the fundamental principles and design aspects are presented, followed by a detailed discussion and specific examples of applications in biorefineries. Each chapter also considers the market needs, industrial challenges, future opportunities, and economic importance of the separation and purification methods. The book concludes with a series of detailed case studies including cellulosic bioethanol production, extraction of algae oil from microalgae, and production of biopolymers. Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries is an essential resource for scientists and engineers, as well as researchers and academics working in the broader conventional and emerging bio-based products industry, including biomaterials, biochemicals, biofuels and bioenergy.

Natural Gas Processing

Natural Gas Processing
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-05
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 9780124202047
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Summary : Natural gas is considered the dominant worldwide bridge between fossil fuels of today and future resources of tomorrow. Thanks to the recent shale boom in North America, natural gas is in a surplus and quickly becoming a major international commodity. Stay current with conventional and now unconventional gas standards and procedures with Natural Gas Processing: Technology and Engineering Design. Covering the entire natural gas process, Bahadori's must-have handbook provides everything you need to know about natural gas, including: Fundamental background on natural gas properties and single/multiphase flow factors How to pinpoint equipment selection criteria, such as US and international standards, codes, and critical design considerations A step-by-step simplification of the major gas processing procedures, like sweetening, dehydration, and sulfur recovery Detailed explanation on plant engineering and design steps for natural gas projects, helping managers and contractors understand how to schedule, plan, and manage a safe and efficient processing plant Covers both conventional and unconventional gas resources such as coal bed methane and shale gas Bridges natural gas processing with basic and advanced engineering design of natural gas projects including real world case studies Digs deeper with practical equipment sizing calculations for flare systems, safety relief valves, and control valves

Gas Cyclones and Swirl Tubes

Gas Cyclones and Swirl Tubes
  • Author : Alex C. Hoffmann,Louis E. Stein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9783662073773
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Summary : This book has been conceived to provide guidance on the theory and design of cyclone systems. Forthose new to the topic, a cyclone is, in its most basic form, a stationary mechanical device that utilizes centrifugal force to separate solid or liquid particles from a carrier gas. Gas enters near the top via a tangential or vaned inlet, which gives rise to an axially descending spiral of gas and a centrifugal force field that causes the incoming particles to concentrate along, and spiral down, the inner walls of the separator. The thus-segregated particulate phase is allowed to exit out an underflow pipe while the gas phase constricts, and - in most separators - reverses its axial direction of flow and exits out a separate overflow pipe. Cyclones are applied in both heavy and light industrial applications and may be designed as either classifiers or separators. Their applications are as plentiful as they are varied. Examples include their use in the separation or classification of powder coatings, plastic fines, sawdust, wood chips, sand, sintered/powdered meta!, plastic and meta! pellets, rock and mineral cmshings, carbon fines, grain products, pulverized coal, chalk, coal and coal ash, catalyst and petroleum coke fines, mist entrained off of various processing units and liquid components from scmbbing and drilling operations. They have even been applied to separate foam into its component gas and liquid phases in recent years.

Evaluation of Liquid/solid Separation Techniques Applied to Sand-laden Dairy Manure

Evaluation of Liquid/solid Separation Techniques Applied to Sand-laden Dairy Manure
  • Author : Andrew Walter Wedel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : MSU:31293014101608
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Summary :

Unit Operations in Food Processing

Unit Operations in Food Processing
  • Author : R. L. Earle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781483293103
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Summary : This long awaited second edition of a popular textbook has a simple and direct approach to the diversity and complexity of food processing. It explains the principles of operations and illustrates them by individual processes. The new edition has been enlarged to include sections on freezing, drying, psychrometry, and a completely new section on mechanical refrigeration. All the units have been converted to SI measure. Each chapter contains unworked examples to help the student gain a grasp of the subject, and although primarily intended for the student food technologist or process engineer, this book will also be useful to technical workers in the food industry

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981-03
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000022458551
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Summary :

Solid-Liquid Filtration and Separation Technology

Solid-Liquid Filtration and Separation Technology
  • Author : Albert Rushton,Anthony S. Ward,Richard G. Holdich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-11
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9783527614967
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Summary : A valuable presentation of theoretical and practical information in the area of liquid-solid filtration. The development of theoretical models is highlighted with practical design data and problem-related examples. Modern trends, e.g., membrane systems, are reported together with the fundamental aspects of particulate technology. The increasing interest in pollution control and environmental protection provides an expansive market for this book. Chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, water treatment/sewage engineers, civil engineers and all those concerned with filtration and pollution will find this book of tremendous value and practical use.

Food Processing Handbook

Food Processing Handbook
  • Author : James G. Brennan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-12
  • Total pages :607
  • ISBN : 9783527607204
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Summary : Focusing on the technology involved, this handbook describes the principles as well as the equipment used and the changes - physical, chemical, microbiological and organoleptic - that occur during food preservation. In doing so the text covers in detail such techniques as post-harvest handling, thermal processing, evaporation and dehydration, freezing, irradiation, high pressure processing, emerging technologies, baking, extrusion, frying and packaging. In addition current concerns about the safety of processed foods and control of food processes are addressed, as are the impact of processing on the environment and separation and conversion operations widely used in the food industry. Scientists and engineers involved in food manufacture, research and development in both industry and academia will benefit greatly from the contents as will students studying food related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Liquid Filtration

Liquid Filtration
  • Author : Nicholas P Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-08-30
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780080510361
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Summary : Liquid Filtration is a state-of-the-art review of liquid filtration in the chemical process and allied industries. Interpretations of the phenomenological observations of the hydrodynamics of filtration are given in the hopes of establishing more theoretical and generalized bases of design methodology. Specific design and selection criteria are reviewed, and typical industrial problems and their solutions are presented. Nicholas Cheremisinoff is known internationally as one of the foremost engineers with Exxon and as the author of numerous books, articles and periodical contributions. Most recently his international consulting role has seen him active the Ukraine, part of the former Soviet Union, where the modernising of these industrial processes has been key. Liquid Filtration is a fundamental unit operation extensively practiced throughout the chemical process, petroleum, and allied industries. It involves the separation, removal, and collection of a discrete phase of matter existing in a dispersed or colloidal state in suspension. This separation is most often performed in the presence of a complex media structure in which physical, physiochemical and/or electrokinetic forces interact. Guide to an essential industrial operation Single reference source for many industries Author has world-wide experience and reputation