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Magmatic Sulfide Deposits

Magmatic Sulfide Deposits
  • Author : Anthony J. Naldrett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 9783662084441
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Summary : This book is written by a leading authority on the subject of magmatic sulfide deposits. An overview of deposit types, accompanied by a summary of the resources of nickel, copper and platinum-group elements in the world’s principal known deposits, is followed by a summary of the relevant physical chemistry. The core of the book comprises a discussion about the geology and geochemistry of each of the deposit types in turn, accompanied by the implications of this data to the origin of the deposits in the light of our understanding of the chemical processes involved. A final chapter focuses on the use of the genetic concepts in exploration.

Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits

Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 1934969354
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Summary :

Nickel Sulfide Ores and Impact Melts

Nickel Sulfide Ores and Impact Melts
  • Author : Peter C. Lightfoot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-23
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128041055
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Summary : Nickel Sulfide Ores and Impact Melts: Origin of the Sudbury Igneous Complex presents a current state of understanding on the geology and ore deposits of the Sudbury Igneous Complex in Ontario, Canada. As the first complete reference on the subject, this book explores the linkage between the processes of meteorite impact, melt sheet formation, differentiation, sulfide immiscibility and metal collection, and the localization of ores by magmatic and post-magmatic processes. The discovery of new ore deposits requires industry and government scientists and academic scholars to have access to the latest understanding of ore formation process models that link to the mineralization of their host rocks. The ore deposits at Sudbury are one of the world’s largest ore systems, representing a classic case study that brings together very diverse datasets and ways of thinking. This book is designed to emphasize concepts that can be applied across a broad range of ore deposit types beyond Sudbury and nickel deposit geology. It is an essential resource for exploration geologists, university researchers, and government scientists, and can be used in rock and mineral analysis, remote sensing, and geophysical applications. Provides the only reference book to focus entirely on the Sudbury Igneous Complex Brings together an understanding of ore deposit and impact melts as a basis for future exploration Authored by a leading expert on the geology of the Sudbury Igneous Complex with 35 years of experience working on nickel sulfide ore deposits

Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time

Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time
  • Author : Sisir K. Mondal,William L. Griffin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-08
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128111604
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Summary : Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time focuses on the fundamental processes that control the formation of ore deposits from ultramafic-mafic magmas, covering chromite, platinum-group element (PGE), Ni-sulfides and Ti-V-bearing magnetite. The exploration, exploitation and use of these magmatic ores are important aspects of geology and directly linked to the global economy. Magmatic ores form from ultramafic-mafic magmas and crystallize at high-temperature after emplacement into crustal magma chambers, and are genetically linked to the evolution of the parental magmas through space and time. This book features recent developments in the field of magmatic ore deposits, and is an essential resource for both industry professionals and those in academia. Elucidates the relationships between tectonic settings and magmatic ore mineralization Provides the links between magma generation in the mantle and ore mineralization at crustal levels Features the latest research on changing patterns in magmatic ore mineralization through time and their bearing on the chemical evolution of the Earth’s mantle

Economic Geology

Economic Geology
  • Author : J. W. Hedenquist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :1136
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105126858732
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Summary : 520 Accompanying CD-ROM contains the appendices for the text.

Ore Deposit Geology

Ore Deposit Geology
  • Author : John Ridley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-04
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781107244764
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Summary : Mapping closely to how ore deposit geology is now taught, this textbook systematically describes and illustrates the major ore deposit types, linking this to their settings in the crust and the geological factors behind their formation. Written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a basic background in the geosciences, it provides a balance of practical information and coverage of the relevant geological sciences, including petrological, geochemical, hydrological and tectonic processes. Important theory is summarized without unnecessary detail and integrated with students' learning in other topics, including magmatic processes and sedimentary geology, enabling students to make links across the geosciences. Students are supported by further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and problems and review questions that test the application of theoretical approaches and encourage students to use what they have learnt. A website includes visual resources and combines with the book to provide students and instructors with a complete learning package.

Mineral Deposits of Finland

Mineral Deposits of Finland
  • Author : Wolfgang Derek Maier,Raimo Lahtinen,Hugh O'Brien
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-23
  • Total pages :802
  • ISBN : 9780124104761
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Summary : Mineral Deposits of Finland is the only up-to-date and inclusive reference available that fully captures the scope of Finland’s mineral deposits and their economic potential. Finland hosts Europe’s most mature rocks and large cratonic blocks, analogous to western Australia and Southern Africa, which are the most mineralized terrains on Earth. Authored by the world’s premier experts on Finnish mineral exploration and mining, Mineral Deposits of Finland offers a thorough summary of the mineral deposits and their petrogenesis, helping readers to map, explore, and identify Finland’s renewed potential for mineral exploration and extraction. Presents a thoroughly inclusive catalogue of Finland’s mineral deposits and their economic potential Features full-color figures, illustrations, working examples and photographs to aid the reader in retaining key concepts to underscore major advances in the exploration of Finland’s mineral resources Offers concise chapter summaries authored by leaders in geological research, which provide accessible overviews of deposit classes

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States
  • Author : K. J. Schulz,John H. DeYoung,Robert R. Seal,Dwight C. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-27
  • Total pages :797
  • ISBN : 1411339916
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Summary : As the importance and dependence of specific mineral commodities increase, so does concern about their supply. The United States is currently 100 percent reliant on foreign sources for 20 mineral commodities and imports the majority of its supply of more than 50 mineral commodities. Mineral commodities that have important uses and face potential supply disruption are critical to American economic and national security. However, a mineral commodity's importance and the nature of its supply chain can change with time; a mineral commodity that may not have been considered critical 25 years ago may be critical today, and one considered critical today may not be so in the future. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced this volume to describe a select group of mineral commodities currently critical to our economy and security. For each mineral commodity covered, the authors provide a comprehensive look at (1) the commodity's use; (2) the geology and global distribution of the mineral deposit types that account for the present and possible future supply of the commodity; (3) the current status of production, reserves, and resources in the United States and globally; and (4) environmental considerations related to the commodity's production from different types of mineral deposits. The volume describes U.S. critical mineral resources in a global context, for no country can be self-sufficient for all its mineral commodity needs, and the United States will always rely on global mineral commodity supply chains. This volume provides the scientific understanding of critical mineral resources required for informed decisionmaking by those responsible for ensuring that the United States has a secure and sustainable supply of mineral commodities.

Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ag Deposits

Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ag Deposits
  • Author : Gerard Meurant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :583
  • ISBN : 9780444599001
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Summary : Handbook of Strata-Bound and Stratiform Ore Deposits, Volume 6: Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ag Deposits focuses on the characteristics, properties, origins, and structures of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ag deposits. The selection first underscores a comparative review of the genesis of the copper-lead sandstone-type deposits; "volcanic" massive sulfide deposits and their host rocks; and tectonic setting of some strata-bound massive sulfide deposits in New South Wales, Australia. Discussions focus on tectonic setting of Cyprus-type and Kuroko-type strata-bound massive sulfide deposits; development of some tectonic units in which strata-bound massive sulfide deposits occur in the Paleozoic sequences of New South Wales; volcanic host rocks; and interim summary of field and laboratory data. The text then ponders on Caledonian massive sulfide deposits in Scandinavia, Precambrian, strata-bound, massive Cu-Zn-Pb sulfide ores of North America, and geology of the Zambian Copperbelt. Concerns cover types of orebodies, structures of the Zambian Copperbelt, geology of representative deposits, general geological features, and lithostratigraphical relations of the ores. The manuscript takes a look at the McArthur zinc-lead-silver deposits, Appalachian zinc-lead deposits, and tri-state ore deposits. The selection is a dependable source of data for researchers wanting to study Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ag deposits.

Volcanogenic Massive Sulphide Deposits of Latin America

Volcanogenic Massive Sulphide Deposits of Latin America
  • Author : Ross Lawrence Sherlock,Amelia Logan,Geological Association of Canada. Mineral Deposits Division
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :641
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105025771507
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Summary :

Fluid Inclusion Effect in Flotation of Sulfide Minerals

Fluid Inclusion Effect in Flotation of Sulfide Minerals
  • Author : Shuming Wen,Jian Liu,Jiushuai Deng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-22
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9780128198469
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Summary : Fluid Inclusion Effect in the Flotation of Sulfide Minerals gives a detailed introduction to how fluid inclusions affect the flotation of sulfide minerals. The book introduces the various fluids found in geology, detailing the properties of fluid inclusions and how to identify and analyze their composition. It gives the common chemical compositions of fluid inclusions, investigates the release of fluid inclusions in sulfide materials and some gangues, and presents the concentrations and solution chemistry of the released ions. Finally, the book considers the absorption mechanism and the interaction of some typical metal ions from fluid inclusions on the surface of sulfide minerals. Analyzes the properties of a surface when in contact with a fluid inclusion and how the fluid released affects mineral processing and extraction Determines the heavy metals released from fluid inclusions Offers a comprehensive picture on how fluid inclusions affect flotation from both macro and microscopic viewpoints Presents the absorption mechanism and interactions of some typical metal ions from fluid inclusions on the surface of sulfide minerals

Nickel Deposits of the Yilgarn Craton

Nickel Deposits of the Yilgarn Craton
  • Author : Stephen John Barnes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 188748387X
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Summary :

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China
  • Author : J. Malpas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 1862391564
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Summary :

Ore Deposits and Mantle Plumes

Ore Deposits and Mantle Plumes
  • Author : Franco Pirajno
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 9789401725026
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Summary : PERTH Western Australia March 2000 Increasingly explorationists are seeking to find new ore deposits in poorly prospected areas, be they geographically remote, such as in the Arctic, or geologically remote, such as those under sedimentary cover. Modern prospecting techniques, including low-detection-level geochemistry and the use of advanced geophysical instrumentation have greatly assisted explorers but fundamental to any soundly based exploration program remains an understanding of the geological framework of ore deposits. This allows the development of deposit models on macroscopic and mesoscopic scales. This book by Dr. Franeo Pirajno draws on his extensive and wide global experience. To set the scene for a discussion of ore deposit generation Franeo details the Earths internal structures and mantle dynamics. He then explores the impact of mantle plumes on the crust and in particular their role in the production of magmatic environments, and in continental scale rifting. This includes a descriptive section on magmatic provinces around the globe, which highlights the importance of plumes. Any study of Earth processes needs to take into account the effects of extraterrestrial bombardment, and in particular the results from the impacts of large bolides. The effects of these impacts on the atmosphere and on life have now been recognised as profound. It is likely that the effect ofthese impacts on the Earth's crust is as equally profound.

Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems

Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems
  • Author : Jun-ichiro Ishibashi,Kyoko Okino,Michinari Sunamura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-10
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9784431548652
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Summary : This book is the comprehensive volume of the TAIGA (“a great river ” in Japanese) project. Supported by the Japanese government, the project examined the hypothesis that the subseafloor fluid advection system (subseafloor TAIGA) can be categorized into four types, TAIGAs of sulfur, hydrogen, carbon (methane), and iron, according to the most dominant reducing substance, and the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria/archaea that are inextricably associated with respective types of TAIGAs which are strongly affected by their geological background such as surrounding host rocks and tectonic settings. Sub-seafloor ecosystems are sustained by hydrothermal circulation or TAIGA that carry chemical energy to the chemosynthetic microbes living in an extreme environment. The results of the project have been summarized comprehensively in 50 chapters, and this book provides an overall introduction and relevant topics on the mid-ocean ridge system of the Indian Ocean and on the arc-backarc systems of the Southern Mariana Trough and Okinawa Trough.

Platinum-Group Element Exploration

Platinum-Group Element Exploration
  • Author : D.L. Buchanan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780444597151
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Summary : The platinum-group elements (PGE) include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium. They are currently receiving world-wide attention as an attractive exploration target because they offer the dual attraction of rare, high value precious metals as well as major industrial applications. Platinum has aesthetic qualities, combined with a permanent lustre, which encourage its use in the manufacture of jewellery and, like gold, it also finds an investment role. Platinum, rhodium and palladium have important applications as catalysts, enabling petroleum and other fuels and chemicals to be produced efficiently from crude oil. This book gives a practical set of guidelines for implementing a programme of PGE exploration, detecting subtle indications of mineralization and assessing the economic potential of a group of mafic or ultramafic rocks. Background material is given on the economic and geological framework of the PGE in the first chapter, while theoretical aspects of magma chemistry are covered in the next three. Chapters 5 and 6 review current world-wide exploration activity within the context of available reserves of PGE, and in Chapter 7 factors which need to be considered in exploration for new deposits are outlined. The last chapter discusses evaluation guidelines. As the PGE are both costly and almost indestructible they are normally recycled; nevertheless, a substantial annual input of new metal is needed to replace process losses, to permit increases in capacity in the dependent industries and to provide for new uses. For example, a major new market for platinum will be created if the European Community countries are required to fit catalytic converters to new cars. At present, South Africa and the USSR are the sources of most of the western world's newly mined PGE, with virtually all the South African production derived from the Bushveld Complex. Much of the material presented in this book is based on the author's experience of these rocks, and emphasis is given to the dominant role played by magmatic sulphides as potent collectors of PGE. Consumers of minerals and metals, however, prefer to have a diversity of supply and a new PGE producer is therefore likely to attract a ready market. Not only does the book provide a wealth of practical information for mining geologists, it also contains much of interest to those in natural resource management and investment.

The Challenge of Finding New Mineral Resources

The Challenge of Finding New Mineral Resources
  • Author : Richard J. Goldfarb,Erin E. Marsh,Thomas Monecke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1629496332
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Summary :

Giant Metallic Deposits

Giant Metallic Deposits
  • Author : Peter Laznicka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-02
  • Total pages :949
  • ISBN : 3642124054
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Summary : Metals in the earth's crust are very unevenly distributed and, traditionally, a small number of ore deposits, districts or countries have dominated the world supply and have influenced commodity prices. The importance of exceptionally large, or rich, deposits has greatly increased in the age of globalization when a small number of international corporations dominate the metals market, based on few very large ore deposits, practically anywhere in the world. Search for giant orebodies thus drives the exploration industry: not only the in-house teams of large internationals, but also hundreds of junior companies hoping to sell their significant discoveries to the "big boys". Geological characteristics of giant metallic deposits and their setting and the politico-economic constraints of access to and exploitation in prospective areas have been a "hot topic" in the past fifteen years, but the knowledge generated and published has been one-sided, scattered and fragmented. This is the first comprehensive book on the subject that provides body of solid facts rather than rapidly changing theories, written by author of the Empirical Metallogeny book series and founder of the Data Metallogenica visual knowledge system on mineral deposits of the world, who has had an almost 40 years long international academic and industrial experience. The book will provide abundant material for comparative research in metallogeny, practical information for the explorationists as to where to look for the "elephants", and some inspiration for commodity investors.

Hydromagmatic Processes and Platinum-Group Element Deposits in Layered Intrusions

Hydromagmatic Processes and Platinum-Group Element Deposits in Layered Intrusions
  • Author : Alan Boudreau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-31
  • Total pages :289
  • ISBN : 9781108416009
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Summary : A comprehensive overview of the evidence for fluid-crystal-liquid (hydromagmatic) interactions in layered intrusions, for academic researchers and professional geologists.

The Geology and Ore Deposits of the Sudbury Structure

The Geology and Ore Deposits of the Sudbury Structure
  • Author : Ontario Geological Survey,Ontario. Ministry of Natural Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :603
  • ISBN : UOM:39015010096413
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Summary : The lack of a comprehensive treatise on Sudbury geology has beenevident to many geoscientists who have worked or are working inthe Sudbury area. Geoscientists presently working in the Sudburyarea were invited to contribute to a volume on Sudbury geology tocommemorate the bicentenary of Ontario and the centenary ofSudbury. The purpose of this multidisciplinary approach was todocument the geological and geophysical features of the SudburyStructure.

Building Exploration Capability for the 21st Century

Building Exploration Capability for the 21st Century
  • Author : Karen D. Kelley,Howard C. Golden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1629499293
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Summary : Earth's near-surface mineralogy has diversified over more than 4.5 b.y. from no more than a dozen preplanetary refractory mineral species (what have been referred to as "ur-minerals" by Hazen et al., 2008) to around 5,000 species (based on the list of minerals approved by the International Mineralogical Association; http://rruff.info/ima). This dramatic diversification is a consequence of three principal physical, chemical, and biological processes: element selection and concentration (primarily through planetary differentiation and fluidrock interactions); an expanded range of mineral-forming environments (including temperature, pressure, redox, and activities of volatile species); and the influence of the biosphere.