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Magnetism of Surfaces, Interface, and Nanoscale Materials

Magnetism of Surfaces, Interface, and Nanoscale Materials
  • Author : Zbigniew Celinski,Robert E. Camley,Robert L. Stamps
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-12
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 0444626344
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Summary : In the past 30 years, magnetic research has been dominated by the question of how surfaces and interfaces influence the magnetic and transport properties of nanostructures, thin films and multilayers. The research has been particularly important in the magnetic recording industry where the giant magnetoresistance effect led to a new generation of storage devices including hand-held memories such as those found in the ipod. More recently, transfer of spin angular momentum across interfaces has opened a new field for high frequency applications. This book gives a comprehensive view of research at the forefront of these fields. The frontier is expanding through dynamic exchange between theory and experiment. Contributions have been chosen to reflect this, giving the reader a unified overview of the topic. Addresses both theory and experiment, vital for gaining an essential understanding of the material since many topics lie at the interface between magnetic and materials science Chapters written by experts, providing great insight into complex material not available in the original concise express publications Combination of up-to-date results with basic fundamental background material, providing an indispensable guide for students and professionals at all levels of expertise, particular important in view of the interdisciplinary aspects of the field: chemistry, nanocharacterisation and materials physics Combination of basic material with applications, widening the scope of the book and reader base

Magnetism of Surfaces, Interfaces, and Nanoscale Materials

Magnetism of Surfaces, Interfaces, and Nanoscale Materials
  • Author : Robert E. Camley,Zbigniew Celinski,Robert L. Stamps
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-27
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780444626394
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Summary : In the past 30 years, magnetic research has been dominated by the question of how surfaces and interfaces influence the magnetic and transport properties of nanostructures, thin films and multilayers. The research has been particularly important in the magnetic recording industry where the giant magnetoresistance effect led to a new generation of storage devices including hand-held memories such as those found in the ipod. More recently, transfer of spin angular momentum across interfaces has opened a new field for high frequency applications. This book gives a comprehensive view of research at the forefront of these fields. The frontier is expanding through dynamic exchange between theory and experiment. Contributions have been chosen to reflect this, giving the reader a unified overview of the topic. Addresses both theory and experiment that are vital for gaining an essential understanding of topics at the interface between magnetism and materials science Chapters written by experts provide great insights into complex material Discusses fundamental background material and state-of-the-art applications, serving as an indispensable guide for students and professionals at all levels of expertise Stresses interdisciplinary aspects of the field, including physics, chemistry, nanocharacterization, and materials science Combines basic materials with applications, thus widening the scope of the book and its readership

Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry

Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry
  • Author : Kenneth J. Klabunde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-08-13
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9780471460787
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Summary : In recent years, interest in the preparation and characterization of nanostructured materials has grown due to their distinctive properties and potential technological applications. Nanoscale materials represent a new realm of matter and offer widespread possibilities for contributions to science and technology. Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry explores the vast potential of nanomaterials and serves as essential reading for the entire science community. The extensive coverage of Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry presents a thorough introduction to the field of nanostructured materials, including chemical synthesis methods, bonding theories, and applications. Because nanomaterials are finding more applications in the real world, this text contains up-to-date treatment of such topics as: Metals, semiconductor nanocrystals, and ceramics Double layers, optical properties, and the electrochemistry of metal nanoparticles Chemical and catalytic aspects of nanocrystals Specific heats and melting points of nanocrystalline materials Authored by world-renowned experts in the field of nanotechnology, Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry is suitable as a primary text for graduate courses and is a reliable resource for scientists.

21st Century Nanoscience – A Handbook

21st Century Nanoscience – A Handbook
  • Author : Klaus D. Sattler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-02
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9781000699395
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Summary : This 21st Century Nanoscience Handbook will be the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field of nanoscience. Handbook of Nanophysics, by the same editor, published in the fall of 2010, embraced as the first comprehensive reference to consider both fundamental and applied aspects of nanophysics. This follow-up project has been conceived as a necessary expansion and full update that considers the significant advances made in the field since 2010. It goes well beyond the physics as warranted by recent developments in the field. The fifth volume in a ten-volume set covers exotic nanostructures and quantum systems. Key Features: Provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field. Chapters written by international experts in the field. Emphasises presentation and real results and applications. This handbook distinguishes itself from other works by its breadth of coverage, readability and timely topics. The intended readership is very broad, from students and instructors to engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biomedical researchers, industry professionals, governmental scientists, and others whose work is impacted by nanotechnology. It will be an indispensable resource in academic, government, and industry libraries worldwide. The fields impacted by nanoscience extend from materials science and engineering to biotechnology, biomedical engineering, medicine, electrical engineering, pharmaceutical science, computer technology, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, food science, and beyond.

Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials
  • Author : Kannan M. Krishnan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-06
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780191066405
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Summary : Students and researchers looking for a comprehensive textbook on magnetism, magnetic materials and related applications will find in this book an excellent explanation of the field. Chapters progress logically from the physics of magnetism, to magnetic phenomena in materials, to size and dimensionality effects, to applications. Beginning with a description of magnetic phenomena and measurements on a macroscopic scale, the book then presents discussions of intrinsic and phenomenological concepts of magnetism such as electronic magnetic moments and classical, quantum, and band theories of magnetic behavior. It then covers ordered magnetic materials (emphasizing their structure-sensitive properties) and magnetic phenomena, including magnetic anisotropy, magnetostriction, and magnetic domain structures and dynamics. What follows is a comprehensive description of imaging methods to resolve magnetic microstructures (domains) along with an introduction to micromagnetic modeling. The book then explores in detail size (small particles) and dimensionality (surface and interfaces) effects — the underpinnings of nanoscience and nanotechnology that are brought into sharp focus by magnetism. The hallmark of modern science is its interdisciplinarity, and the second half of the book offers interdisciplinary discussions of information technology, magnetoelectronics and the future of biomedicine via recent developments in magnetism. Modern materials with tailored properties require careful synthetic and characterization strategies. The book also includes relevant details of the chemical synthesis of small particles and the physical deposition of ultra thin films. In addition, the book presents details of state-of-the-art characterization methods and summaries of representative families of materials, including tables of properties. CGS equivalents (to SI) are included.

Nanoscale Characterization of Surfaces and Interfaces

Nanoscale Characterization of Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Author : N. John DiNardo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-26
  • Total pages :173
  • ISBN : 9783527615940
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Summary : Derived from the highly acclaimed series Materials Science and Technology, this book provides in-depth coverage of STM, AFM, and related non-contact nanoscale probes along with detailed applications, such as the manipulation of atoms and clusters on a nanometer scale. The methods are described in terms of the physics and the technology of the methods and many high-quality images demonstrate the power of these techniques in the investigation of surfaces and the processes which occur on them. Topics include: Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces * Insulators * Layered Compounds * Charge Density Wave Systems * Superconductors * Electrochemisty at Liquid-Solid Interfaces * Biological Systems * Metrological Applications * Nanoscale Surface Forces * Nanotribology * Manipulation on the Nanoscale Materials scientists, surface scientists, electrochemists, as well as scientists working in catalysis and microelectronics will find this book an invaluable source of information

Solid-state NMR Analysis of the Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanoscale Materials

Solid-state NMR Analysis of the Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanoscale Materials
  • Author : Mia G. Berrettini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0542280698
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Summary : Semiconductor nanocrystals, with unique size-dependent properties, give promise for successful innovation of new technologies including solid-state lighting and biological labeling. Therefore, characterization of the surfaces, interfaces and associated reconstruction in these materials becomes crucial for an understanding of structure-function relationships essential to this development. In this dissertation, powerful solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques, such as cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CPMAS), spin-echo, and two dimensional (2D) heteronuclear chemical shift correlation (HETCOR) experiments are utilized to probe these various regions in CdSe and InGaP nanocrystals. These experiments reveal fundamental structural information, including insight into atomic vacancies, discrete particle reconstruction with size, oxidation, passivation, and the nature and molecular order of the surface, near surface and core species. This knowledge gives rise to valuable direct correlations of the structural molecular models of reconstruction with the physical properties of CdSe and InGaP nanomaterials.

Handbook of Thin Film Materials: Nanomaterials and magnetic thin films

Handbook of Thin Film Materials: Nanomaterials and magnetic thin films
  • Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :633
  • ISBN : 0125129130
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Summary : Vol.1: Deposition and processing of thin films; Vol.2: Characterization and spectroscopy of thin films; Vol.3: Ferroelectric and dielectric thin films; Vol.4: Semiconductor and superconductor thin films; Vol.5: Nanomaterials and magnetic thin flims

Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films

Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films
  • Author : Hans Lüth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-02
  • Total pages :580
  • ISBN : 3642135927
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Summary : Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films examines both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin film physics. Coverage of magnetic thin films has been expanded, and now includes giant magnetoresistance and the spin-transfer torque mechanism.

Handbook of Nanomagnetism

Handbook of Nanomagnetism
  • Author : Rosa A. Lukaszew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-06
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9789814613057
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Summary : This unique handbook compiles and details cutting-edge research in nanomagnetism and its applications in spintronics, magnetoplasmonics, and nonlinear magneto-optics. Fundamental aspects of magnetism relevant to nanodevices and new spin-transfer torque random-access memory (STT-RAM), current-induced domain wall motion memory, and spin torque oscillators, as well as highly anisotropic materials and topics on magnetization damping are developed in detail in the book. New paradigms such as molecule-based magnets (MBMs), which are a promisingly adaptive class of solids poised to open new frontiers of exploration, are also covered. The relationship between magnetism and nonlinear optics and the new field of magnetoplasmonics is also developed in detail. The book also includes a thorough chapter on spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP-STM), which enables studying magnetic phenomena on surfaces with real-space imaging and spectroscopy techniques down to the atomic level. All these topics are developed by an interdisciplinary team of leading experts in their pertinent fields. The book will certainly appeal to anyone involved in nanomagnetism and its application in spintronic nanodevices and nonlinear magneto-optics.

Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials

Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials
  • Author : Brian Cantor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-30
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : 1420033816
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Summary : Nanocrystalline materials exhibit remarkable structural, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties, which can be exploited in a wide variety of structural and nonstructural applications. Potential uses have been identified in the automotive, electronic, aerospace, clothing, chemical, fuel, and lubrication industries, with applications ranging from flat panel displays to medical implants. Bringing together contributions from leading researchers in academia and industry throughout Europe and Japan, Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials presents a valuable overview of this fast moving field. Divided into three sections, the book first describes the fabrication and structural characterization of nanocrystalline and amorphous alloys, such as aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, and zirconium. The second part examines novel nanocrystalline materials that include nano-optoelectronics, steels manufactured by heavy plastic deformation, and metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic nanocomposites. The final section reviews the current understanding of magnetic nanomaterials, including nanograined materials, Ni and Fe nanocrystals, soft magnetic Fe-M-B nanocrystalline alloys, and soft and hard ferromagnetic nanocrystalline alloys. It also explores the industrial applications of these nanomaterials, focusing on their use in the energy and telecommunications fields. Combining key coverage of topical developments with well-informed indications of potential trends, this book lays the groundwork for future advances in nanocrystalline alloys and magnetic nanomaterials.

Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science

Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science
  • Author : Takaaki Tsurumi,Hiroyuki Hirayama,Martin Vacha,Tomoyasu Taniyama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-10
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : 9781439800607
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Summary : Although there are many books available on the preparation, properties, and characterization of nanomaterials, few provide an interdisciplinary account of the physical phenomena that govern the novel properties of nanomaterials. Addressing this shortfall, Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science covers fundamental cross-disciplinary concepts in materials science and engineering. It presents a comprehensive description of the physical phenomena and changes that can be expected when macroscopically sized materials are reduced to the nanometer level. The text is divided according to physical phenomena and interactions. After reviewing the necessary theoretical background, the authors address the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties as functions of size and distance. They discuss the energy spectrum, the charging effect, tunneling phenomena, electronically induced stable nanostructures, absorption and scattering, electromagnetic interactions, magnetism, ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena, and spin transport in magnetic nanostructures. Problem sets are included at the end of each chapter. Providing an excellent treatment of physical phenomena not covered in similar books, this text explores the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of materials at the nanoscale level. It delves into the dramatic physical changes that occur on scales where the quantum nature of objects starts dominating their properties.

Nanomagnetism

Nanomagnetism
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-27
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 0080457177
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Summary : Nanoscience is of central importance in the physical and biological sciences and is now pervasive in technology. However nanomagnetism has a special role to play as magnetic properties depend uniquely on both dimensionality and lengthscales. Nanomagnetism is already central to data storage, sensor and device technologies but is increasingly being used in the life sciences and medicine. This volume aims to introduce scientists, computer scientists, engineers and technologists from diverse fields to this fascinating and technologically important new branch of nanoscience. The volume should appeal to both the interested general reader but also to the researcher wishing to obtain an overview of this fast moving field. The contributions come from acknowledged leaders in the field who each give authoritative accounts of key fundamental aspects of nanomagnetism to which they have themselves made a major contribution. After a brief introduction by the editors, Wu first surveys the fundamental properties of magnetic nanostructures. The interlayer exchange interactions within magnetic multilayer structures is next discussed by Stiles. Camley then discusses the static, dynamic and thermal properties of magnetic multilayers and nanostructures, followed by an account of the phenomenon of exchange anisotropy by Berkowitz and Kodama. This latter phenomenon is widely in current read head devices for example. The transport properties of nanostructures also are spectacular, and again underpin computer technology, as we see from the discussion of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) and tunnelling magnetoresistance (TMR) presented by Fert and his colleagues. Beyond GMR and TMR we look to the field of spintronics where new electronic devices are envisioned and for which quantum computing may depend as discussed in the chapter by Flatte and Jonker. The volume concludes with discussion of the recently discovered phenomenon of current induced switching of magnetization by Edwards and Mathon. * Subject is in the forefront of nanoscience * All Section authors are leading figures in this key field * Presentations are accessible to non specialists, with focus on underlying fundamentals

Metals and Materials

Metals and Materials
  • Author : Debashish Bhattacharjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011*
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 8184245246
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Summary :

2003 Graduate Programs in Physics, Astronomy, and Related Fields

2003 Graduate Programs in Physics, Astronomy, and Related Fields
  • Author : American Institute of Physics,American Institut of Physics Readership
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :888
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106016466788
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Summary : This comprehensive compendium provides information on nearly every U.S. doctoral program in physics and astronomy, plus data on most major master's programs in these fields. Information on many major Canadian programs is also included. In addition, the Graduate Programs directory lists a substantial number of related-field departments, including materials science, electrical and nuclear engineering, meteorology, medical and chemical physics, geophysics, and oceanography. This twenty-seventh annual edition contains information valuable to students planning graduate study and faculty advisors, including each program's research expenditures and sources of support. A number of helpful appendices make navigating the directory a simple task.

先进磁性材料的纳米尺寸效应(21世纪科技前沿丛书先进磁性材料手册第1卷)

先进磁性材料的纳米尺寸效应(21世纪科技前沿丛书先进磁性材料手册第1卷)
  • Author : Sellmyer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :395
  • ISBN : 7302080860
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Summary : 本书共分四卷,第一卷集中论述一个具体的研究领域。每一章首先对该章的基本概念和重要观念进行阐述,然后从实验和理论方面进行详细的说明,最后介绍该领域的发展前景以及新的思想。

Nanophysics, Nanomaterials, Interface Studies, and Applications

Nanophysics, Nanomaterials, Interface Studies, and Applications
  • Author : Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-04
  • Total pages :880
  • ISBN : 9783319564227
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Summary : This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features selected peer-reviewed contributions from participants in the 4th International Science and Practice Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2016) held in Lviv, Ukraine on August 24-27, 2016. The International Conference was organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Ukraine), University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics, nanoplasmonics, and interface studies to energy storage and biomedical applications.

Soft Magnetic Materials 13

Soft Magnetic Materials 13
  • Author : J.-L. Porteseil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :828
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822026267484
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Summary :

Handbook of Magnetic Materials

Handbook of Magnetic Materials
  • Author : K.H.J. Buschow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-10-04
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 044451144X
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Summary : Magnetoelectronics is a novel and rapidly developing field. This new field is frequently referred to as spin-electronics or spintronics. It includes spin-utilizing devices that need neither a magnetic field nor magnetic materials. In semiconductor devices, the spin of the carriers has only played a very modest role so far because well established semiconductor devices are non-magnetic and show only negligible effects of spin. Nanoscale thin films and multilayers, nanocrystalline magnetic materials, granular films, and amorphous alloys have attracted much attention in the last few decades, in the field of basic research as well as in the broader field of materials science. Such heterogeneous materials display uncommon magnetic properties that virtually do no occur in bulk materials. This is true, in particular with respect to surface (interface) magnetic anisotropy and surface (interface) magnetostrictive strains and giant magnetoresistance. The local atomic arrangement at the interface differs strongly from that in the bulk. The local symmetry is lowered, so that some interactions are changed or are missing altogether. The interface atoms may envisaged as forming a new phase and some properties characteristic of this phase may become predominant for the entire system. This becomes particularly evident in the case of interfacial magnetostriction which can lead to a decrease (almost to zero) or to an increase(over the bulk value) of the resulting magnetostriction of the nanoscale system. There are various forms of the interplay of magnetism and superconductivity, which can be divided into competition and coexistence phenomena. For instance, a strong competition is found in high-Tc cuprates. In these materials, depending on the doping rate, either Neel-type antiferromagnetism moments (e.g. from 4f-elements) with superconductivity is known to occur in systems where the concentration of these moments is sufficiently small or where they are antiferromagnetically ordered and only weakly coupled to the conduction electrons. During the years, intermetallic gadolinium compounds have adopted a special position in the study of 4f electron magnetism. The reason for this is the fact that the gadolinium moment consists only of a pure spin moment, orbital contributions to the moment being absent. As a consequence, gadolinium compounds have been regarded as ideal test benches for studying exchange interactions, free from complications due to crystal effects. Volume 14 of the Handbook of Magnetic Materials, as the preceding volumes, has a dual purpose. As a textbook it is intended to be of assistance to those who wish to be introduced to a given topic in the field of magnetism without the need to read the vast amount of literature published. As a work of reference it is intended for scientists active in magnetism research. To this dual purpose, volume 14 of the Handbook is composed of topical review articles written by leading authorities. In each of these articles an extensive description is given in graphical as well as tabular form, much emphasis being placed on the discussion of the experimental material in the framework of physics, chemistry and material science.

Thermal Nanosystems and Nanomaterials

Thermal Nanosystems and Nanomaterials
  • Author : Sebastian Volz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-24
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9783642042584
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Summary : Heat transfer laws for conduction, radiation and convection change when the dimensions of the systems in question shrink. The altered behaviours can be used efficiently in energy conversion, respectively bio- and high-performance materials to control microelectronic devices. To understand and model those thermal mechanisms, specific metrologies have to be established. This book provides an overview of actual devices and materials involving micro-nanoscale heat transfer mechanisms. These are clearly explained and exemplified by a large spectrum of relevant physical models, while the most advanced nanoscale thermal metrologies are presented.

Magnetism

Magnetism
  • Author : Joachim Stöhr,Hans Christoph Siegmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-19
  • Total pages :822
  • ISBN : 9783540302834
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Summary : This text book gives a comprehensive account of magnetism, one of the oldest yet most vibrant fields of physics. It spans the historical development, the physical foundations and the continuing research underlying the subject. The book covers both the classical and quantum mechanical aspects of magnetism and novel experimental techniques. Perhaps uniquely, it discusses spin transport and magnetization dynamics phenomena associated with atomically and spin engineered nano-structures against the backdrop of spintronics and magnetic storage and memory applications. The book is for students, and serves as a reference for scientists in academia and research laboratories.