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Management, Recycling and Reuse of Waste Composites

Management, Recycling and Reuse of Waste Composites
  • Author : Vannessa Goodship
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-18
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9781845697662
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Summary : This authoritative reference work provides a comprehensive review of the management, recycling and reuse of waste composites. These are issues which are of increasing importance due to the growing use of composites in many industries, increasingly strict legislation and concerns about disposal of composites by landfill or incineration. Part one discusses the management of waste composites and includes an introduction to composites recycling and a chapter on EU legislation for recycling waste composites. Part two reviews thermal technologies for recycling waste composites with chapters on pyrolysis, catalytic transformation, thermal treatments for energy recovery and fluidized bed pyrolysis. Part three covers mechanical methods of recycling waste composites. This section includes chapters on additives for recycled plastic composites, improving mechanical recycling and the quality and durability of mechanically recycled composites. Parts four discusses improving sustainable manufacture of composites, with chapters on environmentally-friendly filament winding of FRP composites, process monitoring and new developments in producing more functional and sustainable composites. Part five gives a review of case studies including end-of-life wind turbine blades, aerospace composites, marine composites, composites in construction and the recycling of concrete. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Management, recycling and reuse of waste composites is a standard reference for anyone involved in the disposal or recycling of waste composites. Reviews the increasingly important issues of recycling and reuse as a result of the increased use of composites Discusses the management of waste composites and EU legislation with regards to recycling Examines methods for recycling, including thermal technologies and mechanical methods

Recent Developments in the Field of Carbon Fibers

Recent Developments in the Field of Carbon Fibers
  • Author : Rita Khanna,Romina Cayumil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-25
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : 9781789235180
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Summary : Carbon fibres are lightweight, chemically stable materials with high mechanical strength, and have state-of-the-art applications in aerospace, marine, construction and automotive sectors. The demand for carbon fibre?based components is expected to grow dramatically with expanding opportunities for lightweight metals and composites. Although this field has achieved a high level of maturity, nanoscale developments in carbon fibres have seen dramatic improvements in the functions of conventional biomaterials and composites. This book reveals several new developments in the field to enhance characteristics of carbon fibres and their composites, novel applications for tissue engineering, biological scaffoldings and implants, recycling and reuse of end-of-life CFRP and manufacturing waste and other issues of concern in the field of carbon fibres.

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites
  • Author : Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-19
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780857095329
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Summary : Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Recycled Polyester

Recycled Polyester
  • Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-26
  • Total pages :88
  • ISBN : 9789813295599
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Summary : This book provides an overview of recycled polyesters, which are an important sustainable raw material in textile production. It discusses the manufacturing methods and the unique properties of recycled polyesters manufactured using the different methods. It also highlights the various test methods and identification mechanisms for recycled polyesters, which are very essential for ensuring the traceability and conformity of usage of recycled polyester in the final product.

Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation

Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation
  • Author : Alphose Zingoni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-25
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9781317280637
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Summary : Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation comprises 360 papers that were presented at the Sixth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2016, Cape Town, South Africa, 5-7 September 2016). The papers reflect the broad scope of the SEMC conferences, and cover a wide range of engineering structures (buildings, bridges, towers, roofs, foundations, offshore structures, tunnels, dams, vessels, vehicles and machinery) and engineering materials (steel, aluminium, concrete, masonry, timber, glass, polymers, composites, laminates, smart materials).

MARE-WINT

MARE-WINT
  • Author : Wiesław Ostachowicz,Malcolm McGugan,Jens-Uwe Schröder-Hinrichs,Marcin Luczak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-30
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9783319390956
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Summary : This book provides a holistic, interdisciplinary overview of offshore wind energy, and is a must-read for advanced researchers. Topics, from the design and analysis of future turbines, to the decommissioning of wind farms, are covered. The scope of the work ranges from analytical, numerical and experimental advancements in structural and fluid mechanics, to novel developments in risk, safety & reliability engineering for offshore wind.The core objective of the current work is to make offshore wind energy more competitive, by improving the reliability, and operations and maintenance (O&M) strategies of wind turbines. The research was carried out under the auspices of the EU-funded project, MARE-WINT. The project provided a unique opportunity for a group of researchers to work closely together, undergo multidisciplinary doctoral training, and conduct research in the area of offshore wind energy generation. Contributions from expert, external authors are also included, and the complete work seeks to bridge the gap between research and a rapidly-evolving industry.

Product Lifecycle Management

Product Lifecycle Management
  • Author : Razvan Udroiu,Paul Bere
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-21
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : 9781789845426
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Summary : The aim of this book is to present the terminology, applications, trends, and developments in Product Lifecycle Management (PLM). This book has a total of seven chapters that treat the fundamental and future terminology used in PLM, aspects regarding the design, customization, and development of products, products testing, supply chain optimization, and recycling of the products made of special materials.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-30
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789535127932
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Summary : Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook
  • Author : Vannessa Goodship,Ab Stevels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-30
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780857096333
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Summary : Electrical and electronic waste is a growing problem as volumes are increasing fast. Rapid product innovation and replacement, especially in information and communication technologies (ICT), combined with the migration from analog to digital technologies and to flat-screen televisions and monitors has resulted in some electronic products quickly reaching the end of their life. The EU directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) aims to minimise WEEE by putting organizational and financial responsibility on producers and distributors for collection, treatment, recycling and recovery of WEEE. Therefore all stakeholders need to be well-informed about their WEEE responsibilities and options. While focussing on the EU, this book draws lessons for policy and practice from all over the world. Part one introduces the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE. Part two discusses technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Part three focuses on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers. Part four explores sustainable design of electronics and supply chains. Part five discusses national and regional WEEE management schemes and part six looks at corporate WEEE management strategies. With an authoritative collection of chapters from an international team of authors, Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) handbook is designed to be used as a reference by policy-makers, producers and treatment operators in both the developed and developing world. Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems Sections cover technologies for refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste, sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, national and regional waste management schemes, and corporate WEEE management strategies

Advanced High Strength Natural Fibre Composites in Construction

Advanced High Strength Natural Fibre Composites in Construction
  • Author : Mizi Fan,Feng Fu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-04
  • Total pages :596
  • ISBN : 9780081004302
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Summary : Advanced High Strength Natural Fibre Composites in Construction provides the basic framework and knowledge required for the efficient and sustainable use of natural fiber composites as a structural and building material, along with information on the ongoing efforts to improve the efficiency of use and competitiveness of these composites. Areas of particular interest include understanding the nature and behavior of raw materials and their functional contributions to the advanced architectures of high strength composites (Part 1), discussing both traditional and novel manufacturing technologies for various advanced natural fiber construction materials (Part 2), examining the parameters and performance of the composites (Part 3), and finally commenting on the associated codes, standards, and sustainable development of advanced high strength natural fiber composites for construction. This exposition will be based on well understood environmental science as it applies to construction (Part 4). The book is aimed at academics, research scholars, and engineers, and will serve as a most valuable text or reference book that challenges undergraduate and postgraduate students to think beyond standard practices when designing and creating novel construction materials. Presents the first comprehensive review on the efficient and sustainable use of natural fiber composites in construction and building materials Contains detailed information on the structure, chemical composition, and physical and mechanical properties of natural fibers Covers both traditional and novel manufacturing technologies for high strength natural fiber composites Includes material parameters and performance in use, as well as associated codes, standards, and applied case studies Presents contributions from leading international experts in the field

Introduction to Plastics Recycling

Introduction to Plastics Recycling
  • Author : Vannessa Goodship
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 184735078X
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Summary : As in the successful first edition, this book provides straightforward information on plastic materials and technology, including the options for recycling plastics, with special focus on mechanical recycling. This new edition reflects the great strides that have been made to increase recycling rates worldwide in recent years. It considers the expansion of infrastructure in the UK to support plastic recycling and major achievements that have been made in gaining widespread public support and participation for recycling schemes; specifically the need to manage waste on an individual household level. Current issues surrounding council recycling of plastic bottles, and the practice of providing free plastic carrier bags by supermarkets, are also considered. Biopolymers are expected to have a major impact on plastic markets in the future and therefore some of the issues of biodegradability versus recycling are expanded in this second edition, as is the wider context of life cycle analysis and legislation.

Waste Materials in Construction

Waste Materials in Construction
  • Author : G.R. Woolley,J.J.J.M. Goumans,P.J. Wainwright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-05-12
  • Total pages :1064
  • ISBN : 0080543650
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Summary : This volume presents the proceedings of the International Conference on The Science and Engineering of Recycling for Environmental Protection (WASCON 2000), of which a number of themes have been identified. All are inter-related and inter-dependent in so far as potential users of secondary, recovered or recycled material have to be assured that the material is environmentally safe and stable. It is the environmental challenge that forms a leading theme for the conference, and the themes of quality assurance and quality control support this aspect. In terms of use of 'recovered' materials, science and engineering play important and inter-dependent roles and this is reflected in themes which form the very core of the conference. Of no less importance is control of land contamination and how we propose to model for the long term impact of our aims. However dutiful and competent our ideas and studies, there has to be a measure of control and the role of legislation forms the final theme of WASCON 2000. The breadth of studies being undertaken world-wide and the innovative ideas that are expressed in papers submitted are worthy of this important subject. It is also interesting to note that papers were offered from 30 countries, a sign of the increasing awareness of the need to preserve our natural resources and utilize to the full those with which we are more familiar. This book will contribute to the understanding of and solution of environmental problems concerning the re-use of waste materials in construction.

Recycling and Reuse of Used Tyres

Recycling and Reuse of Used Tyres
  • Author : Ravindra K. Dhir,Mukesh C. Limbachiya,Kevin A. Paine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0727729950
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Summary : Substantial quantities of used tyres are being discarded annually throughout the world and this is likely to increase in line with the growth in road traffic. Given the environmental economic implications of this waste, the many regulating bodies world-wide are actively promoting policies aimed at recycling and reuse of the material for recovery as a valuable resource. However, in many parts of the world, recycled tyre technology is still in its infancy.This book presents the proceedings of an International Symposium organised by the Concrete Technology Unit, University of Dundee which brings together some of the worlds leading experts in the field of used tyre recycling.

Natural and Artificial Fiber-Reinforced Composites as Renewable Sources

Natural and Artificial Fiber-Reinforced Composites as Renewable Sources
  • Author : Ezgi Günay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-02
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9781789230604
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Summary : Nano- and micro-sized natural fibers of vegetable origin are fully biodegradable in nature. However, the nano- and micro-sized synthetic fibers are fully man-made. Fiber-reinforced composites composed of stiffened fiber and matrix are well-known engineering materials. Fiber-reinforced materials have been used in industrial production. Natural fibers can be obtained from many sources in nature such as wool, sisal, ramie, kenaf, jute, hemp, grass, flax, cotton, coir, bamboo and abaca, banana, and sugarcane bagasse. Artificial fibers have been produced from more stiff materials such as glass, single-walled carbon nanotubes, double-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon, aramid, boron and polyethylene (PE). The cyclic reusability of materials is an important qualification in protecting the environment from waste pollution. Three important factors can be mentioned in terms of material properties in the recycling process. The first factor is "the rate of cyclic usage," the second one is "less material loss in each recycle," and the last one is "the role of waste products in the self-renewal of ecosystem." In engineering area, the usage of waste materials has taken into account in production of composite materials. The use of waste materials as particulate-type composite production is also possible in the industry. Fiber-reinforced materials can be grouped into two categories: "the natural fiber-reinforced materials" and "the artificially produced fiber-reinforced materials." Finally, we conclude that this book consists of mainly summarized three subject headings within the two specific book subsections : The first group contains the main subjects related to the natural and artificial fibers obtained by literature review; second, experimental and numerical studies are made in order to perform the necessary arrangements in the production stages and to establish a decision mechanism on the specification of the technical properties of the fiber-reinforced composites. The third group of studies focused on the use of sustainable bio-composites and recycled textile wastes as reinforcements in construction.

Advances in Waste Management

Advances in Waste Management
  • Author : Ajay S. Kalamdhad,Jiwan Singh,Kondusamy Dhamodharan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-22
  • Total pages :549
  • ISBN : 9789811302152
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Summary : This book presents some of the latest technologies in waste management, and emphasizes the benefits that can be gained from the use of recycled products. Divided into four sections, it deals with phytoremediation, acquatic weed management and the treatment of solid- and water-based wastes, such as those arising from agricultural, industrial and medical activities. With its special emphasis on the utilization of recycled products, this volume will be of interest to students, academicians, policy makers and others who have a practical and academic interest in dealing with the waste society generates.

Recycling of Polymers

Recycling of Polymers
  • Author : Raju Francis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-19
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9783527338481
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Summary : This timely reference on the topic is the only book you need for a complete overview of recyclable polymers. Following an introduction to various polymer structures and their resulting properties, the main part of the book deals with different methods of recycling. It discusses in detail the recycling of such common polymers as polyethylene, polypropylene and PET, as well as rubbers, fibers, engineering polymers, polymer blends and composites. The whole is rounded off with a look at future technologies and the toxicological impact of recycled polymers. An indispensable reference source for those working in the field, whether in academia or industry, and whether newcomers or advanced readers.

Recycling

Recycling
  • Author : Jeremy C. Culleri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-01
  • Total pages :273
  • ISBN : 1626182833
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Summary : In this book, the authors gather and present current research in the study of the technological systems, management practices and environmental impact of recycling. Topics discussed in this compilation include road pavement recycling technologies; polymer-base waste materials for recycling; cheese whey recovery technologies; environmental indicators for the plastic recycling industry; glass fiber replacement with banana tree fiber in high density polyethylene composites; recycling of different spent earth from filtration in the production of ceramic materials; recycling and reusing fiber-reinforced composites; recycling of regenerated wastewater using water cascade analysis in pulp and paper mills; disaster waste generated after the Great East Japan Earthquake; the social and environmental responsibilities of recycling; thermal degradation of polymers during their mechanical recycling; and recycling of petroleum oily sludge to produce sustainable clay ceramics.

Engineering Technologies for Renewable and Recyclable Materials

Engineering Technologies for Renewable and Recyclable Materials
  • Author : Jithin Joy,Maciej Jaroszewski,Praveen K.M.,Sabu Thomas,Reza Haghi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781351377515
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Summary : This new resource focuses on many recent advances in recycling and reuse of materials, outlining basic tools and novel approaches. It covers such important issues as e-waste recycling, bio-mass recycling, vermitechnology, recovery of metals, polymer recycling, environmental remediation, waste management, recycling of nanostructured materials, and more. Also included is coverage of new research in the use of laser spectroscopy, pyrolysis, and recycled biomaterials for biomedical applications.

Towards a Sustainable Management of Mine Wastes

Towards a Sustainable Management of Mine Wastes
  • Author : Mostafa Benzaazoua,Yassine Taha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-06
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9783039281749
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Summary : The need for efficient and sustainable management methods of mine waste is continuously growing all around the world. These waste products often present serious management problems due to their more or less significant amounts and possible environmental threats. This Special Issue highlights the recent and new trends in sustainable mine waste management techniques. Currently, it is essential to sustainably manage mine waste, considering social, economic, environmental and technical aspects. In this Special Issue, insights related to the following issues are highlighted: the problems around mine waste, the fine characterization of mine waste, the latest available technical and environmental solutions to efficiently manage mine waste, including treatment and processing before disposal and high value element recovery, with the view of moving towards defining effective, low-cost and ecofriendly methods, the recycling of mine waste products as alternative resources in different sectors, and finally laboratory, pilot and/or industrial-scale studies related to these topics of research. Scientists and industry and governance stakeholders have to face these new challenges to find the best management practices for the future.

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies
  • Author : Enrico Benetto,Kilian Gericke,Mélanie Guiton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-03
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9783319669816
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Summary : This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-06
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : 9780323511346
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Summary : Recycling of Polyurethane Foams introduces the main degradation/depolymerization processes and pathways of polyurethane foam materials, focusing on industrial case studies and academic reviews from recent research and development projects. The book can aid practitioners in understanding the basis of polymer degradation and its relationship with industrial processes, which can be of substantial value to industrial complexes the world over. The main pathways of polymer recycling via different routes and industrial schemes are detailed, covering all current techniques, including regrinding, rebinding, adhesive pressing and compression moulding of recovered PU materials that are then compared with depolymerization approaches. The book examines life cycle assessment and cost analysis associated with polyurethane foams waste management, showing the potential of various techniques. This book will help academics and researchers identify and improve on current depolymerization processes, and it will help industry sustainability professionals choose the appropriate approach for their own waste management systems, thus minimizing the costs and environmental impact of their PU-based end products. Offers a comprehensive review of all polyurethane foam recycling processes, including both chemical and mechanical approaches Assesses the potential of each recycling process Helps industry-based practitioners decide which approach to take to minimize the cost and environmental impact of their end product Enables academics and researchers to identify and improve upon current processes of degradation and depolymerization