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Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors

Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors
  • Author : K L Murty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-18
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 0857097458
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Summary : Light water reactors (LWRs) are the predominant class of nuclear power reactors in operation today; however, ageing and degradation can influence both their performance and lifetime. Knowledge of these factors is therefore critical to safe, continuous operation. Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors provides a comprehensive guide to prevalent deterioration mechanisms, and the approaches used to handle their effects. Part one introduces fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms. Beginning with an overview of ageing and degradation issues in LWRs, the book goes on to discuss corrosion in pressurized water reactors and creep deformation of materials in LWRs. Part two then considers materials’ ageing and degradation in specific LWR components. Applications of zirconium alloys in LWRs are discussed, along with the ageing of electric cables. Materials management strategies for LWRs are then the focus of part three. Materials management strategies for pressurized water reactors and VVER reactors are considered before the book concludes with a discussion of materials-related problems faced by LWR operators and corresponding research needs. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors is an authoritative review for anyone requiring an understanding of the performance and durability of this type of nuclear power plant, including plant operators and managers, nuclear metallurgists, governmental and regulatory safety bodies, and researchers, scientists and academics working in this area. Introduces the fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms associated with this class of nuclear power reactors Considers materials ageing and degradation in specific light water reactor components, including properties, performance and inspection Chapters also focus on material management strategies

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors
  • Author : John H. Jackson,Denise Paraventi,Michael Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-20
  • Total pages :2532
  • ISBN : 3030046397
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Summary : This two-volume set represents a collection of papers presented at the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors. The purpose of this conference series is to foster an exchange of ideas about problems and their remedies in water-cooled nuclear power plants of today and the future. Contributions cover problems facing nickel-based alloys, stainless steels, pressure vessel and piping steels, zirconium alloys, and other alloys in water environments of relevance. Components covered include pressure boundary components, reactor vessels and internals, steam generators, fuel cladding, irradiated components, fuel storage containers, and balance of plant components and systems.

Corrosion Issues in Light Water Reactors

Corrosion Issues in Light Water Reactors
  • Author : D Féron,J-M Olive
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-22
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 1845693469
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Summary : Stress corrosion cracking is a major problem in light water nuclear reactors, whether pressurised water reactors (PWRs) or boiling water reactors (BWRs). The nuclear industry needs to be able to predict the service life of these power plants and develop appropriate maintenance and repair practices to ensure safe long term operation. This important book sums up key recent research on corrosion in light water reactors and its practical applications. The book is divided into four parts. It begins with an overview of materials degradation due to stress corrosion, corrosion potential monitoring and passivation. Part two summarises research on susceptibility of materials to stress corrosion cracking and the ways it can be initiated. The third part of the book considers stress corrosion crack propagation processes whilst the final part includes practical case studies of corrosion in particular plants. The book reviews corrosion in a range of materials such as low alloy steels, stainless steels and nickel-based alloys. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Corrosion issues in light water reactors is a standard work for the nuclear industry. Summarises key recent research on corrosion in light water reactors Includes practical case studies

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-26
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 1845699955
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Summary : Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials professionals and researchers. Introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix Reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC) Examines topics including elimination of ageing effects, plant design, and the application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types

Aging and Life Extension of Major Light Water Reactor Components

Aging and Life Extension of Major Light Water Reactor Components
  • Author : Vikram N. Shah,Philip E. MacDonald
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :943
  • ISBN : 9780444894489
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Summary : In a comprehensive and lucid manner this book presents an understanding of the aging degradation of the major pressurized and boiling water reactor structures and components. The design and fabrication of each structure or component is briefly described followed by information on the associated stressors. Interactions between the design, materials, and various stressors that cause aging degradation are reviewed. In many cases, aging degradation problems have occurred, and the plant experience to date is analysed. The discussions summarize the available aging-related information and are supported with extensive references, including references to U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) documents, Electric Power Research Institute reports, U.S. and international conference proceedings and other publications. The book will prove a useful reference for engineers engaged in the operation and life extension of the present generation of nuclear power plants and for those engaged in the design of advanced light water reactors. It will also provide engineering students with insight into the practical materials-related issues associated with the design and operation of nuclear power plants. The work will also serve as a basis for programs to address the new aging-related issues likely to arise as plants get older.

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-22
  • Total pages :4868
  • ISBN : 0081028660
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Summary : Materials in a nuclear environment are exposed to extreme conditions of radiation, temperature and/or corrosion, and in many cases the combination of these makes the material behavior very different from conventional materials. This is evident for the four major technological challenges the nuclear technology domain is facing currently: (i) long-term operation of existing Generation II nuclear power plants, (ii) the design of the next generation reactors (Generation IV), (iii) the construction of the ITER fusion reactor in Cadarache (France), (iv) and the intermediate and final disposal of nuclear waste. In order to address these challenges, engineers and designers need to know the properties of a wide variety of materials under these conditions and to understand the underlying processes affecting changes in their behavior, in order to assess their performance and to determine the limits of operation. Comprehensive Nuclear Materials 2e provides broad ranging, validated summaries of all the major topics in the field of nuclear material research for fission as well as fusion reactor systems. Attention is given to the fundamental scientific aspects of nuclear materials: fuel and structural materials for fission reactors, waste materials, and materials for fusion reactors. The articles are written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource of information. Most of the chapters from the first Edition have been revised and updated and a significant number of new topics are covered in completely new material. During the ten years between the two editions, the challenge for applications of nuclear materials has been significantly impacted by world events, public awareness, and technological innovation. Materials play a key role as enablers of new technologies, and we trust that this new edition of Comprehensive Nuclear Materials has captured the key recent developments. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments Comprehensive resource for up-to-date and authoritative information which is not always available elsewhere, even in journals Provides an in-depth treatment of materials modeling and simulation, with a specific focus on nuclear issues Serves as an excellent entry point for students and researchers new to the field

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-26
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 1845699955
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials professionals and researchers. Introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix Reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC) Examines topics including elimination of ageing effects, plant design, and the application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types

Management of Ageing in Graphite Reactor Cores

Management of Ageing in Graphite Reactor Cores
  • Author : Gareth B. Neighbour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 0854043454
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Summary : Nuclear power currently contributes nearly a quarter of the electricity needs of the UK. Much of this is from nuclear reactor plants developed some fifty years ago. Consequently, in the next few decades, many of these reactors and components are coming to the end of their 'useful' life and strategies for the effective management of these decommissioned parts are paramount. Management of Ageing Processes in Graphite Reactor Cores discusses in detail both the scientific challenges and the issues involved in this subject. It begins with an introductory section on the fundamentals of reactor design and goes on to discuss graphite core behaviour under irradiation; graphite-component behaviour and its assessment; and whole core behaviour. The book concludes with a section on the lessons learned from decades of experience. Written by leading experts in the field, this high level book is ideal for both academia and industry, and would also be of relevance to policy makers and governments.

Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems--Water Reactors

Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems--Water Reactors
  • Author : George J. Theus,John R. Weeks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :815
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Pascal Yvon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-27
  • Total pages :684
  • ISBN : 0081009127
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Summary : Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

INIS Atomindex

INIS Atomindex
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Effects of Nickel on Irradiation Embrittlement of Light Water Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

Effects of Nickel on Irradiation Embrittlement of Light Water Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :57
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This publication sets out the findings of a co-ordinated research project to determine the influence of the mechanism of the deterioration effect in radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel steels with a high nickel content in nuclear power plants, including procurement of materials, determination of mechanical properties, irradiation and testing of specimens, and microstructural characterisation.

Passive Shutdown Systems for Fast Neutron Reactors

Passive Shutdown Systems for Fast Neutron Reactors
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-30
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : 9789201042194
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Summary : Designs for nuclear power plants increasingly include passive features. A major focus of the design of modern fast reactors is on inherent and passive safety. Inherent and passive safety features are especially important when active systems such as emergency shutdown systems for reactor shutdown are not functioning properly. This publication discusses the past experience in the development of such systems along with the research that is ongoing. It is a comprehensive publication which provides information on the basic design principles for passive shutdown systems and the related operational experience gathered so far, and also reviews the innovative concepts under development and the needs for research and development and qualification tests.

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Naoki Soneda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-01
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 0857096478
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Summary : Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

Plant Life Management for Long Term Operation of Light Water Reactors

Plant Life Management for Long Term Operation of Light Water Reactors
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :123
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This report explains the general approach to plant life management (PLiM), shows and defines the relationship between nuclear power plant maintenance and PLiM, assembles a list of good practices and formulates guidelines for ageing management of critical structures, systems and components. Additionally, the issues of PLiM for long term operation are discussed in terms of human, technological, economic and regulatory aspects, as well as the importance of the exchange of information regarding lessons learned. PLiM is not only a technical system but is also an attitude of the owners to retain plants in operation as long as possible from a safety and business point of view. Asset management is thus a significant parameter and driving force for PLiM implementation.--Publisher's description

Materials Performance

Materials Performance
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-07
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Government Reports Annual Index

Government Reports Annual Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems--Water Reactors

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems--Water Reactors
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9780894486265
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Summary :

An Aging Failure Survey of Light Water Reactor Safety Systems and Components

An Aging Failure Survey of Light Water Reactor Safety Systems and Components
  • Author : B. M. Meale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering
  • Author : Damien FERON
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-21
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 085709534X
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Summary : Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches