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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-09
  • Total pages :4252
  • ISBN : 9780128131961
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Novel Industry 4.0 Technologies and Applications

Novel Industry 4.0 Technologies and Applications
  • Author : Nikolaos Papakostas,Carmen Constantinescu,Dimitris Mourtzis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-25
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9783039435838
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Summary : The Industry 4.0 paradigm has led to the creation of new opportunities for taking advantage of a set of diverse technologies in the manufacturing domain. This book touches on a series of advanced technologies and research fields, including Internet of Things, Augmented and Virtual Reality, Machine Learning, Advanced Robotics, Additive Manufacturing, System and Process Simulation, Computer-Aided Design/Engineering/Manufacturing/Process Planning Systems as well as Product Lifecycle Management Platforms. The topics covered span a series of diverse areas related to a) product design and development, b) manufacturing systems and operations, c) process engineering, and d) Industry 4.0 technologies review and realization.

Additive Manufacturing of Metals

Additive Manufacturing of Metals
  • Author : John O. Milewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-28
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9783319582054
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Summary : This engaging volume presents the exciting new technology of additive manufacturing (AM) of metal objects for a broad audience of academic and industry researchers, manufacturing professionals, undergraduate and graduate students, hobbyists, and artists. Innovative applications ranging from rocket nozzles to custom jewelry to medical implants illustrate a new world of freedom in design and fabrication, creating objects otherwise not possible by conventional means. The author describes the various methods and advanced metals used to create high value components, enabling readers to choose which process is best for them. Of particular interest is how harnessing the power of lasers, electron beams, and electric arcs, as directed by advanced computer models, robots, and 3D printing systems, can create otherwise unattainable objects. A timeline depicting the evolution of metalworking, accelerated by the computer and information age, ties AM metal technology to the rapid evolution of global technology trends. Charts, diagrams, and illustrations complement the text to describe the diverse set of technologies brought together in the AM processing of metal. Extensive listing of terms, definitions, and acronyms provides the reader with a quick reference guide to the language of AM metal processing. The book directs the reader to a wealth of internet sites providing further reading and resources, such as vendors and service providers, to jump start those interested in taking the first steps to establishing AM metal capability on whatever scale. The appendix provides hands-on example exercises for those ready to engage in experiential self-directed learning.

Subsecond Annealing of Advanced Materials

Subsecond Annealing of Advanced Materials
  • Author : Wolfgang Skorupa,Heidemarie Schmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-16
  • Total pages :321
  • ISBN : 9783319031316
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Summary : The thermal processing of materials ranges from few fem to seconds by Swift Heavy Ion Implantation to about one second using advanced Rapid Thermal Annealing. This book offers after an historical excursus selected contributions on fundamental and applied aspects of thermal processing of classical elemental semiconductors and other advanced materials including nanostructures with novel optoelectronic, magnetic, and superconducting properties. Special emphasis is given on the diffusion and segregation of impurity atoms during thermal treatment. A broad range of examples describes the solid phase and/or liquid phase processing of elemental and compound semiconductors, dielectric composites and organic materials.

The Paradox of Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship in Low-Tech Industries

The Paradox of Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship in Low-Tech Industries
  • Author : Isabel Schwinge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-22
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9783658109370
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Summary : This book presents the first multidimensional investigation of KIE in the context of low-tech industries and gives insights in paradox conditions and specific mechanisms, using the example of the German textile industry. Therefore, the author solves conceptual inconsistencies and develops an alternative framework referring to systemic concepts of sectoral innovation systems and KIE as well as to the concept of institutional entrepreneurs. As a result, the deviation of willful actors from a restricting institutional environment and sources of entrepreneurial opportunities can be investigated more comprehensively.

Laser-Assisted Fabrication of Materials

Laser-Assisted Fabrication of Materials
  • Author : Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar,Indranil Manna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-03
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9783642283598
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Summary : Laser assisted fabrication involves shaping of materials using laser as a source of heat. It can be achieved by removal of materials (laser assisted cutting, drilling, etc.), deformation (bending, extrusion), joining (welding, soldering) and addition of materials (surface cladding or direct laser cladding). This book on ́Laser assisted Fabrication’ is aimed at developing in-depth engineering concepts on various laser assisted macro and micro-fabrication techniques with the focus on application and a review of the engineering background of different micro/macro-fabrication techniques, thermal history of the treated zone and microstructural development and evolution of properties of the treated zone.

Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing

Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing
  • Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Monica Mahesh Savalani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-02
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9789811005497
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Summary : This book highlights the sustainability aspects of additive manufacturing (AM) in two separate volumes. It describes the details of this technology and its implications on the entire product life cycle sustainability, as well as embedded carbon and the further research needed to move this technology towards sustainable, mainstream production. Sustainability is not new for any area of industry, including additive manufacturing, and there are currently a number of ongoing research projects, both in industry and in academic institutions, that are investigating sustainability, embedded carbon and research activities which would need to be done in the future to move this technology towards sustainable mainstream production.

Plasma Processing of Materials

Plasma Processing of Materials
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Plasma Science Committee,Panel on Plasma Processing of Materials
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-02-01
  • Total pages :88
  • ISBN : 9780309045971
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Summary : Plasma processing of materials is a critical technology to several of the largest manufacturing industries in the world--electronics, aerospace, automotive, steel, biomedical, and toxic waste management. This book describes the relationship between plasma processes and the many industrial applications, examines in detail plasma processing in the electronics industry, highlights the scientific foundation underlying this technology, and discusses education issues in this multidisciplinary field. The committee recommends a coordinated, focused, and well-funded research program in this area that involves the university, federal laboratory, and industrial sectors of the community. It also points out that because plasma processing is an integral part of the infrastructure of so many American industries, it is important for both the economy and the national security that America maintain a strong leadership role in this technology.

Technology Transfer Systems in the United States and Germany

Technology Transfer Systems in the United States and Germany
  • Author : Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research,National Academy of Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-10-10
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9780309522939
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Summary : This book explores major similarities and differences in the structure, conduct, and performance of the national technology transfer systems of Germany and the United States. It maps the technology transfer landscape in each country in detail, uses case studies to examine the dynamics of technology transfer in four major technology areas, and identifies areas and opportunities for further mutual learning between the two national systems.

1997 Economic Census

1997 Economic Census
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015043701997
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Summary :

Epdm 2000: Supply and Demand Into the Next Decade

Epdm 2000: Supply and Demand Into the Next Decade
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :66
  • ISBN : 1859572162
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Summary :

Manufacturing Technology

Manufacturing Technology
  • Author : Posinasetti Nageswara Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 0074638432
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Summary :

Chemistry and Technology of the Cosmetics and Toiletries Industry

Chemistry and Technology of the Cosmetics and Toiletries Industry
  • Author : S.D. Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-07-31
  • Total pages :395
  • ISBN : 0751403342
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Summary : This second edition has been designed to monitor the progress in develop ment over the past few years and to build on the information given in the first edition. It has been extensively revised and updated. My thanks go to all who have contributed to this work. D.F.W. May 1996 Preface to the first edition This book is the result of a group of development scientists feeling that there was an urgent need for a reference work that would assist chemists in understanding the science involved in the development of new products. The approach is to inform in a way that allows and encourages the reader to develop his or her own creativity in working with marketing colleagues on the introduction of new products. Organised on a product category basis, emphasis is placed on formulation, selection of raw materials, and the technology of producing the products discussed. Performance considerations, safety, product liability and all aspects of quality are covered. Regulations governing the production and sale of cosmetic products internationally are described, and sources for updated information provided. Throughout the book, reference is made to consumer pressure and environmental issues-concerns which the development scientist and his or her marketing counterpart ignore at their own, and their employer's peril. In recent years, many cosmetic fragrances and toiletry products have been converted from aerosols to mechanically press uri sed products or sprays, and these are described along with foam products such as hair conditioning mousses.

Smart Materials and Structures

Smart Materials and Structures
  • Author : M.V. Gandhi,B.D. Thompson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-05-31
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 0412370107
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the embryonic field of smart materials and structures, and also presents a state-of-the-art review of the sub-disciplines of the field. It informs readers of the technical challenges to the commercialisation of products incorporating these material technologies.

Microelectromechanical Systems

Microelectromechanical Systems
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Advanced Materials and Fabrication Methods for Microelectromechanical Systems
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-01
  • Total pages :76
  • ISBN : 9780309059800
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Summary : Microelectromenchanical systems (MEMS) is a revolutionary field that adapts for new uses a technology already optimized to accomplish a specific set of objectives. The silicon-based integrated circuits process is so highly refined it can produce millions of electrical elements on a single chip and define their critical dimensions to tolerances of 100-billionths of a meter. The MEMS revolution harnesses the integrated circuitry know-how to build working microsystems from micromechanical and microelectronic elements. MEMS is a multidisciplinary field involving challenges and opportunites for electrical, mechanical, chemical, and biomedical engineering as well as physics, biology, and chemistry. As MEMS begin to permeate more and more industrial procedures, society as a whole will be strongly affected because MEMS provide a new design technology that could rival--perhaps surpass--the societal impact of integrated circuits.

Crucial Issues in Semiconductor Materials and Processing Technologies

Crucial Issues in Semiconductor Materials and Processing Technologies
  • Author : S. Coffa,F. Priolo,Emanuele Rimini,J.M. Poate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-10-31
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 0792320034
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Summary : Semiconductors lie at the heart of some of the most important industries and technologies of the twentieth century. The complexity of silicon integrated circuits is increasing considerably because of the continuous dimensional shrinkage to improve efficiency and functionality. This evolution in design rules poses real challenges for the materials scientists and processing engineers. Materials, defects and processing now have to be understood in their totality. World experts discuss, in this volume, the crucial issues facing lithography, ion implication and plasma processing, metallization and insulating layer quality, and crystal growth. Particular emphasis is placed upon silicon, but compound semiconductors and photonic materials are also highlighted. The fundamental concepts of phase stability, interfaces and defects play a key role in understanding these crucial issues. These concepts are reviewed in a crucial fashion.

Handbook of Silicon Photonics

Handbook of Silicon Photonics
  • Author : Laurent Vivien,Lorenzo Pavesi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :851
  • ISBN : 9781439836118
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Summary : The development of integrated silicon photonic circuits has recently been driven by the Internet and the push for high bandwidth as well as the need to reduce power dissipation induced by high data-rate signal transmission. To reach these goals, efficient passive and active silicon photonic devices, including waveguide, modulators, photodetectors,

Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes

Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes
  • Author : Michael Tomlinson,John Woodward
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-06
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9781315879482
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Summary : The rise of manufacturing intelligence is fuelling innovation in processes and products concerning a low environmental impact over the product‘s lifecycle. Sustainable intelligent manufacturing is regarded as a manufacturing paradigm for the 21st century, in the move towards the next generation of manufacturing and processing technologies. The manu

Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-technology Manufacturing Industries

Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-technology Manufacturing Industries
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822006889422
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Summary :

Frontiers of Assembly and Manufacturing

Frontiers of Assembly and Manufacturing
  • Author : Sukhan Lee,Raúl Suárez,Byung Wook Choi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-21
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 3642141161
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Summary : The technologies for product assembly and manufacturing evolve along with the advancement of enabling technologies such as material science, robotics, machine intelligence as well as information and communication. Furthermore, they may be subject to fundamental changes due to the shift in key product features and/or - gineering requirements. The enabling technologies emerging offer new opportunities for moving up the level of automation, optimization and reliability in product assembly and ma- facturing beyond what have been possible. We see assembly and manufacturing becoming more Intelligent with the perception-driven robotic autonomy, more flexible with the human-robot coupled collaboration in work cells, and more in- grated in scale and complexity under the distributed and networked frameworks. On the other hand, the shift in key product features and engineering requirements dictates the new technologies and tools for assembly and manufacturing to be - veloped. This may be exemplified by a high complexity of micro/nano system products integrated and packaged in 3D with various heterogeneous parts, com- nents, and interconnections, including electrical, optical, mechanical as well as fluidic means.

The Diversity, Complexity, and Evolution of High Tech Capitalism

The Diversity, Complexity, and Evolution of High Tech Capitalism
  • Author : Sten A. Thore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-10-31
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : 0792396391
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Summary : In his book "Jurassic Park" (and in the movie based on the book), Michael Crichton describes a crazed professor who through techniques of genetic engineering manages to recreate the dinosaurs and giant ferns of 65 million years past. Once the giant Tyrannosaurus Rex is brought to life. a powerful dynamics sets in: evolution. The prehistoric world embarks on a collision course with man. Researching his book, Crichton had been reading up on paleontology and on the mathematical theory of evolution, catastrophes, and chaos. Crichton explains some of the twists of nonlinear mathematics that are rewriting not only thermodynamics, physics, and chemistry (that all grapple with evolving and turbulent processes) but also paleontology, genetics, medicine and even anthropology. Collapse and chaos is not limited to prehistoric animal kingdoms and ancient civilizations. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the political and economic chaos in its aftermath demonstrate that modern civilizations are just as vulnerable. This book aims at reexamining some main portions of the discipline of economics from the point of view of economic change and creativity. There are two aspects to this perspective. First, diversity and complexity. The range of different kinds of high technology products available to consumers and producers increases rapidly. Each product is the result of a long and complex production hierarchy. As these hierarchies grow, they deliver ever more diversified and complex high tech goods. Other hierarchies fall by the wayside.