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Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water-cooled Reactors

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water-cooled Reactors
  • Author : David Guzonas,Radek Novotny,S. Pentilla,Aki Toivonen,Wenyue Zheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-31
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780081020500
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Summary : Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water-cooled Reactors is unique in that it brings together materials and water chemistry, their interrelationship, the historical perspective and their application to SCWR conceptual design. Written by world’s leading experts, all active in the area of materials and chemistry R&D in support of GEN IV SCWR, this book presents for the first time a comprehensive reference on these topics, and in particular, how these data relate to the SCWR design itself. This book is an essential text for researchers in the areas of supercritical water-cooled reactor materials and chemistry, working in industry or academia. It will also give newcomers to the field a survey of all of the available literature and a clear understanding of how these studies relate to the design of the SCWR concept. The material presented is at a specialist’s level in materials or corrosion science, or in water chemistry of power plants. Provides comprehensive coverage of the chemistry and materials of SCWR Presents the latest research and results condensed into one book Covers the differences in use of SCW in nuclear reactors and fossil plants, and the resulting differences in materials requirements

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Pascal Yvon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-27
  • Total pages :684
  • ISBN : 9780081009123
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Summary : Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Supercritical-Pressure Light Water Cooled Reactors

Supercritical-Pressure Light Water Cooled Reactors
  • Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Hideo Mori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-21
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9784431550259
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Summary : This book focuses on the latest reactor concepts, single pass core and experimental findings in thermal hydraulics, materials, corrosion, and water chemistry. It highlights research on supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors (SCWRs), one of the Generation IV reactors that are studied around the world. This book includes cladding material development and experimental findings on heat transfer, corrosion and water chemistry. The work presented here will help readers to understand the fundamental elements of reactor design and analysis methods, thermal hydraulics, materials and water chemistry of supercritical water used as a coolant in nuclear power reactors. It will also help readers to broaden their understanding of fundamental elements of light water cooled reactor technologies and the evolution of reactor concepts.

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors
  • Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Seiichi Koshizuka,Yuki Ishiwatari,Akifumi Yamaji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-01
  • Total pages :651
  • ISBN : 9781441960344
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Summary : Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors provides an overview of the design and analysis of nuclear power reactors. Readers will gain the understanding of the conceptual design elements and specific analysis methods of supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors. Nuclear fuel, reactor core, plant control, plant stand-up and stability are among the topics discussed, in addition to safety system and safety analysis parameters. Providing the fundamentals of reactor design criteria and analysis, this volume is a useful reference to engineers, industry professionals, and graduate students involved with nuclear engineering and energy technology.

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media
  • Author : S. N. Lvov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-01
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : 9781566776400
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Summary : The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media¿, held during the 212th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Washington, DC, from October 7 to 12, 2007.

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications
  • Author : Robert Odette,Steven Zinkle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :673
  • ISBN : 9780123973498
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Summary : High-performance alloys that can withstand operation in hazardous nuclear environments are critical to presentday in-service reactor support and maintenance and are foundational for reactor concepts of the future. With commercial nuclear energy vendors and operators facing the retirement of staff during the coming decades, much of the scholarly knowledge of nuclear materials pursuant to appropriate, impactful, and safe usage is at risk. Led by the multi-award winning editorial team of G. Robert Odette (UCSB) and Steven J. Zinkle (UTK/ORNL) and with contributions from leaders of each alloy discipline, Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications aids the next generation of researchers and industry staff developing and maintaining steels, nickel-base alloys, zirconium alloys, and other structural alloys in nuclear energy applications. This authoritative reference is a critical acquisition for institutions and individuals seeking state-of-the-art knowledge aided by the editors’ unique personal insight from decades of frontline research, engineering and management. Focuses on in-service irradiation, thermal, mechanical, and chemical performance capabilities. Covers the use of steels and other structural alloys in current fission technology, leading edge Generation-IV fission reactors, and future fusion power reactors. Provides a critical and comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art experimental knowledge base of reactor materials, for applications ranging from engineering safety and lifetime assessments to supporting the development of advanced computational models.

Nuclear Corrosion

Nuclear Corrosion
  • Author : Stefan Ritter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-28
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780128237205
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Summary : Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

High Performance Light Water Reactor

High Performance Light Water Reactor
  • Author : Thomas Schulenberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 9783866448179
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Summary :

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Vladimir Anikeev,Maohong Fan I
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-21
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780444626974
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Summary : Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Igor Pioro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-09
  • Total pages :940
  • ISBN : 9780081001622
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Summary : Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors
  • Author : Gabriell Ilevbare,Jeremy Busby,Peter Andersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-17
  • Total pages :2354
  • ISBN : 9783319487601
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Summary : This 15th Edition of the International Conference on Materials Degradation in Light Water Reactors focuses on subject areas critical to the safe and efficient running of nuclear reactor systems through the exchange and discussion of reseach results as well as field operating and management experience.

Supercritical Water

Supercritical Water
  • Author : Yizhak Marcus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-15
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9781118310274
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Summary : Discover the many new and emerging applications of supercritical water as a green solvent Drawing from thousands of original research articles, this book reviews and summarizes what is currently known about the properties and uses of supercritical water. In particular, it focuses on new and emerging applications of supercritical water as a green solvent, including the catalytic conversion of biomass into fuels and the oxidation of hazardous materials. Supercritical Water begins with an introduction that defines supercritical fluids in general. It then defines supercritical water in particular, using the saturation curve to illustrate its relationship to regular water. Following this introduction, the book: Describes the bulk macroscopic properties of supercritical water, using equations of state to explain temperature-pressure-density relationships Examines supercritical water's molecular properties, setting forth the latest experimental data as well as computer simulations that shed new light on structure and dynamics Explores the solubilities of gases, organic substances, salts, and ions in supercritical water in terms of the relevant phase equilibria Sets forth the practical uses of supercritical water at both small scales and full industrial scales Throughout the book, the author uses tables for at-a-glance reviews of key information. Summaries at the end of each chapter reinforce core principles, and references to original research and reviews serve as a gateway and guide to the extensive literature in the field. Supercritical Water is written for students and professionals in physical chemistry, chemistry of water, chemical engineering, and organic chemistry, interested in exploring the applications and properties of supercritical water.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:30000010506057
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Summary : Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors - Volume I

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors - Volume I
  • Author : Yassin A. Hassan,Robin A. Chaplin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-22
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9781848263116
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Summary : Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Nuclear energy is a type of technology involving the controlled use of nuclear fission to release energy for work including propulsion, heat, and the generation of electricity. The theme on Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors discusses: Fundamentals of Nuclear Energy; Nuclear Physics; Nuclear Interactions; Nuclear Reactor Theory; Nuclear Reactor Design; Nuclear Reactor Kinetics; Reactivity Changes; Nuclear Power Plants; Pressurized Water Reactors; Boiling Water Reactors; Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors; Heavy Water Light Water Reactors; Advanced Gas Cooled Reactors; Light Water Graphite Reactors; High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors; Pebble Bed Modular Reactor; Radioactive Wastes, Origins, Classification and Management; Nuclear Reactor Overview and Reactor Cycles; The Nuclear Reactor Closed Cycle; Safety of Boiling Water Reactors; Supercritical Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: Review and Status; The Gas-Turbine Modular Helium Reactor; Application of Risk Assessment to Nuclear Power Plants; Production and Recycling Resources for Nuclear Fission. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers.

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials
  • Author : Todd R Allen,Roger E Stoller,Shinsuke Yamanaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-12
  • Total pages :3560
  • ISBN : 9780080560335
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Summary : Comprehensive Nuclear Materials discusses the major classes of materials suitable for usage in nuclear fission, fusion reactors and high power accelerators, and for diverse functions in fuels, cladding, moderator and control materials, structural, functional, and waste materials. The work addresses the full panorama of contemporary international research in nuclear materials, from Actinides to Zirconium alloys, from the worlds' leading scientists and engineers. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environment Fully integrated with F-elements.net, a proprietary database containing useful cross-referenced property data on the lanthanides and actinides Details contemporary developments in numerical simulation, modelling, experimentation, and computational analysis, for effective implementation in labs and plants

Materials, Transportation and Environmental Engineering II

Materials, Transportation and Environmental Engineering II
  • Author : Jimmy Chih Ming Kao,Wen Pei Sung,Ran Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-22
  • Total pages :2914
  • ISBN : 9783038266327
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Summary : Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 the 2nd International Conference on Materials, Transportation and Environmental Engineering (CMTEE 2014), July 30-31, 2014, Kunming, China. The 587 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials and Chemical Engineering and Technologies, Chapter 2: Environmental Materials, Biomaterials and Technologies, Chapter 3: Energy and Thermal Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Chapter 4: Civil and Building Engineering, Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Applied Mechanics, Chapter 5: Research and Design of Industrial Facilities and Technologies, Chapter 6: Recent Technologies in Mechatronics, Control and Automation, Chapter 7: Communication and Information Technologies, Algorithms and Numerical Methods of Data Processing, Chapter 8: Traffic, Road and Transportation Engineering, Chapter 9: Biomedical Engineering, Chapter 10: Urban Planning, Sustainable City and Green Building Applications, Chapter 11: Management Engineering, Business and Economics Engineering, Chapter 12: New Technologies in Education and Sports

Nuclear Science Information of Japan

Nuclear Science Information of Japan
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015056294336
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Summary :

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering
  • Author : Damien FERON
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-21
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780857095343
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Summary : Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors
  • Author : John H. Jackson,Denise Paraventi,Michael Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-20
  • Total pages :2532
  • ISBN : 9783030046392
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Summary : This two-volume set represents a collection of papers presented at the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors. The purpose of this conference series is to foster an exchange of ideas about problems and their remedies in water-cooled nuclear power plants of today and the future. Contributions cover problems facing nickel-based alloys, stainless steels, pressure vessel and piping steels, zirconium alloys, and other alloys in water environments of relevance. Components covered include pressure boundary components, reactor vessels and internals, steam generators, fuel cladding, irradiated components, fuel storage containers, and balance of plant components and systems.

Applications of Radiation Chemistry in the Fields of Industry, Biotechnology and Environment

Applications of Radiation Chemistry in the Fields of Industry, Biotechnology and Environment
  • Author : Margherita Venturi,Mila D’Angelantonio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-06
  • Total pages :297
  • ISBN : 9783319541457
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Summary : The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society
  • Author : American Nuclear Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1958
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015065057815
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Summary : Each volume contains proceedings of the annual conference of the American Nuclear Society.