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Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations

Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations
  • Author : Dustin Wood,Stephen Read,P.D. Harms,Andrew Slaughter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-15
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0128192003
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Summary : Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations presents major innovations and contributions on the topic, promoting deeper integration, cross-pollination of ideas across diverse academic disciplines, and the facilitation of the development of practical applications such as matching people to jobs, understanding decision making, and predicting how a group of individuals will interact with one another. The book is organized around two overarching and interrelated themes, with the first focusing on assessing the person and the situation, covering methodological advances and techniques for inferring and measuring characteristics, and showing how they can be instantiated for measurement and predictive purposes. The book's second theme presents theoretical models, conceptualizing how factors of the person and situation can help us understand the psychological dynamics which underlie behavior, the psychological experience of fit or congruence with one's environment, and changes in personality traits over time. Identifies technologies for measuring and predicting behavior Infers behavior causes from personality and/or situational variables Utilizes big data, machine learning and modeling to understand behavior Includes mobile phone, social media and wearable tech usage analysis Explores the stability of personality over time Considers behavior analysis to treat maladaptive behavior

Differential Psychophysiology: Persons in Situations

Differential Psychophysiology: Persons in Situations
  • Author : Gerhard Stemmler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9783642846557
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Summary : Those interested in the relationships between psychological and physiological functions will again and again be impressed by the fact that great individual differences and large situational variability are manifested in psychophysiological data. Psychophysiology from a differential perspective has been an enduring theme throughout the history of personality and temperament research. However, the present book is the first to bear the word differential in its title. Actually, this monography is not only concerned with psychophysiological personality research, but with a much broader program of systematic investigation. Multivariate research methodology permits one to operationalize physiological response profiles, both with regard to lasting differences between persons and the discrimination of situations. In order to determine functional relationships between person characteristics and situational demands, that is, to determine the processes of stimulus-response mediation, one first needs to systemize these various sources of variance in assessment models and subsequently partition the observed covariance. A series of the author's own investigations in the Hamburg and Freiburg laboratories shows just how fruitful this research approach can be.

Consistency in Social Behavior

Consistency in Social Behavior
  • Author : Mark P. Zanna,Edward Tory Higgins,C. Peter Herman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : UOM:39015016250733
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Summary :

Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination

Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Psychological Testing, Including Validity Testing, for Social Security Administration Disability Determinations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-29
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9780309370936
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Summary : The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) administers two disability programs: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), for disabled individuals, and their dependent family members, who have worked and contributed to the Social Security trust funds, and Supplemental Security Income (SSSI), which is a means-tested program based on income and financial assets for adults aged 65 years or older and disabled adults and children. Both programs require that claimants have a disability and meet specific medical criteria in order to qualify for benefits. SSA establishes the presence of a medically-determined impairment in individuals with mental disorders other than intellectual disability through the use of standard diagnostic criteria, which include symptoms and signs. These impairments are established largely on reports of signs and symptoms of impairment and functional limitation. Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination considers the use of psychological tests in evaluating disability claims submitted to the SSA. This report critically reviews selected psychological tests, including symptom validity tests, that could contribute to SSA disability determinations. The report discusses the possible uses of such tests and their contribution to disability determinations. Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination discusses testing norms, qualifications for administration of tests, administration of tests, and reporting results. The recommendations of this report will help SSA improve the consistency and accuracy of disability determination in certain cases.

The Measurement of Emotions

The Measurement of Emotions
  • Author : Robert Plutchik,Henry Kellerman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : UVA:X002523823
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Summary : Band 4.

Situation Cognition and Coherence in Personality

Situation Cognition and Coherence in Personality
  • Author : Barbara Krahé
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :207
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105035130835
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Summary : Re-examines the long-standing controversy about consistency in personality from a social-psychological perspective - whether there is evidence of consistent expression of the personality in different situations, or whether behaviour is largely situation-specific.

Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to Psychology
  • Author : Charles Stangor,Jennifer Walinga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :682
  • ISBN : 1936126494
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Summary : "This book is designed to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. The focus on behaviour and empiricism has produced a text that is better organized, has fewer chapters, and is somewhat shorter than many of the leading books. The beginning of each section includes learning objectives; throughout the body of each section are key terms in bold followed by their definitions in italics; key takeaways, and exercises and critical thinking activities end each section"--BCcampus website.

Modeling Human and Organizational Behavior

Modeling Human and Organizational Behavior
  • Author : Panel on Modeling Human Behavior and Command Decision Making: Representations for Military Simulations,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-08-14
  • Total pages :411
  • ISBN : 9780309523899
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Summary : Simulations are widely used in the military for training personnel, analyzing proposed equipment, and rehearsing missions, and these simulations need realistic models of human behavior. This book draws together a wide variety of theoretical and applied research in human behavior modeling that can be considered for use in those simulations. It covers behavior at the individual, unit, and command level. At the individual soldier level, the topics covered include attention, learning, memory, decisionmaking, perception, situation awareness, and planning. At the unit level, the focus is on command and control. The book provides short-, medium-, and long-term goals for research and development of more realistic models of human behavior.

The Distinction Between Latent and Manifest Person-situation Relations

The Distinction Between Latent and Manifest Person-situation Relations
  • Author : Shinichiro Watanabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :678
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924069124125
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Summary :

A Conceptual and Measurement Model for Norms and Roles

A Conceptual and Measurement Model for Norms and Roles
  • Author : University of Kansas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1963
  • Total pages :60
  • ISBN : OSU:32435014686414
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Summary :

Interactional Psychology and Personality

Interactional Psychology and Personality
  • Author : Norman S. Endler,David Magnusson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :663
  • ISBN : UOM:39015005872901
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Summary :

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology
  • Author : Kay Deaux,Mark Snyder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :992
  • ISBN : 9780190224837
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Summary : Personality and social psychology : moving toward a more perfect union / Mark Snyder and Kay Deaux -- Foundations of personality and social psychology -- The intertwined histories of personality and social psychology / Thomas F. Pettigrew -- Perspectives on the person: rapid growth and opportunities for integration / William Fleeson and Eranda Jayawickreme -- Perspectives on the situation / Harry T. Reis and John G. Holmes -- Neuroscience approaches in social and personality psychology / David M. Amodio, Eddie Harmon-Jones, and Elliot T. Berkman -- Evolutionary perspectives / Steven W. Gangestad -- Context in person, person in context : a cultural psychology approach to social-personality psychology / Glenn Adams and Tugçe Kurtis -- Behavior and behavior assessment / Janice R. Kelly and Christopher R. Agnew -- Conceptual and methodological issues in the analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal dyadic data / Deborah A. Kashy and M. Brent Donellan -- Multilevel modeling in personality and social psychology / Oliver Christ, Christopher G. Sibley, and Ulrich Wagner -- Basic processes of personality and social psychology -- The self : dynamics of persons and their situations / Jennifer Crocker and Eddie Brummelman -- Identity : personal and social / Vivian L. Vignoles -- Morality / Jesse Graham and Piercarlo Valdesolo -- Motivation and goal pursuit : integration across the social/personality divide / Julie K. Norem -- Five questions about emotion: implications for social-personality psychology / Gerald L. Clore and Michael D. Robinson -- Cybernetic approaches to personality and social behavior / Colin G. DeYoung and Yanna J. Weisberg -- Initial impressions of others / James S. Uleman and S. Adil Saribay -- Attitudes and attitude change : social and personality considerations about specific and general patterns of behavior / Dolores Albarracin, Man-pui Sally Chan, and Duo Jiang -- From help-giving to helping relations : belongingness and independence in social interactions / Arie Nadler -- Antisocial behavior in individuals and groups : an empathy-focused approach / Emanuele Castano and David C. Kidd -- Personality and social interaction : interpenetrating processes / Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Jordan B. Leitner, and Ozlem Ayduk -- Attachment theory expanded : a behavioral systems approach to personality and social behavior / Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver -- Person-by-situation perspectives on close relationships / Jeffry A. Simpson and Heike A. Winterheld -- Personality influences on group processes : the past, present, and future / Craig D. Parks -- Intergroup processes : from prejudice to positive relations between groups / Linda R.Tropp and Ludwin E. Molina -- Power as active self : from acquisition to the expression and use of power / Ana Guinote and Serena Chen -- Personality and social psychology in key life domains -- Personality, social psychology, and psychopathology : reflections on a lewinian vsion / Philip R. Costanzo, Rick H. Hoyle, and Mark R. Leary -- Individual and societal well-being / Shigehiro Oishi and Samantha J. Heintzelman -- Multicultural identity and experiences : cultural, social, and personality processes / Verónica Benet-Martínez and Angela-MinhTu D. Nguyen -- Personality and social contexts as sources of change and continuity across the life span / Abigail J. Stewart and Kay Deaux -- The social psychology of personality and leadership : a person-in-situation perspective / Daan van Knippenberg -- Work and organizations: contextualizing personality and social psychology / Deidra J. Schleicher and David V. Day -- A person x intervention strategy approach to understanding health behavior / Alexander J. Rothman and Austin S. Baldwin -- Forensic personality and social psychology / Saul Kassin and Margaret Bull Kovera -- The psychology of collective action / Lauren E. Duncan -- Social policy: barriers and opportunities for personality and social psychology / Allen M. Omoto -- Conclusion -- Personality and social psychology : the evolving state of the union / Kay Deaux and Mark Snyder

Dynamic Process Methodology in the Social and Developmental Sciences

Dynamic Process Methodology in the Social and Developmental Sciences
  • Author : Jaan Valsiner,Peter C. M. Molenaar,Maria C.D.P. Lyra,Nandita Chaudhary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-09
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 038795922X
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Summary : All psychological processes—like biological and social ones—are dynamic. Phenomena of nature, society, and the human psyche are context bound, constantly changing, and variable. This feature of reality is often not recognized in the social sciences where we operate with averaged data and with homogeneous stereotypes, and consider our consistency to be the cornerstone of rational being. Yet we are all inconsistent in our actions within a day, or from, one day to the next, and much of such inconsistency is of positive value for our survival and development. Our inconsistent behaviors and thoughts may appear chaotic, yet there is generality within this highly variable dynamic. The task of scientific methodologies—qualitative and quantitative—is to find out what that generality is. It is the aim of this handbook to bring into one framework various directions of construction of methodology of the dynamic processes that exist in the social sciences at the beginning of the 21st century. This handbook is set up to bring together pertinent methodological scholarship from all over the world, and equally from the quantitative and qualitative orientations to methodology. In addition to consolidating the pertinent knowledge base for the purposes of its further growth, this book serves the major educational role of bringing practitioners—students, researchers, and professionals interested in applications—the state of the art know-how about how to think about extracting evidence from single cases, and about the formal mathematical-statistical tools to use for these purposes.

Social Behavior in Context

Social Behavior in Context
  • Author : Adrian Furnham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : NWU:35556016159972
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Summary :

Handbook of Anxiety Disorders

Handbook of Anxiety Disorders
  • Author : Cynthia G. Last,Michel Hersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :647
  • ISBN : UOM:39015013230381
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Summary :

Designing and Using Tools for Educational Assessment

Designing and Using Tools for Educational Assessment
  • Author : Madhabi Chatterji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : UOM:39015056215836
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Summary : This book is excellent for responding to NCLB mandates and NCATE requirements for preparing K-12 teachers, school leaders, professionals and researchers inassessment design and use of data for informing day-to-day practices. It presents material in practitioner-friendly, straightforward and readable language, without watering down concepts and with minimal use of statistics. Instructors will find that the book provides a balanced treatment of traditional and performance assessment methods. Design, validation, and use of assessment tools for a variety of purposes are addressed through the use of a common Process Model and six User Paths. To improve testing practices, the 1999 AERA, APA & NCME standards are cited throughout. Numerous case studies, examples, demonstrations, tables, and a web-based computer module support the book.

Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research: A User's Guide

Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research: A User's Guide
  • Author : Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (U.S.)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-21
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9781587634239
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Summary : This User’s Guide is a resource for investigators and stakeholders who develop and review observational comparative effectiveness research protocols. It explains how to (1) identify key considerations and best practices for research design; (2) build a protocol based on these standards and best practices; and (3) judge the adequacy and completeness of a protocol. Eleven chapters cover all aspects of research design, including: developing study objectives, defining and refining study questions, addressing the heterogeneity of treatment effect, characterizing exposure, selecting a comparator, defining and measuring outcomes, and identifying optimal data sources. Checklists of guidance and key considerations for protocols are provided at the end of each chapter. The User’s Guide was created by researchers affiliated with AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, particularly those who participated in AHRQ’s DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness) program. Chapters were subject to multiple internal and external independent reviews. More more information, please consult the Agency website: www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov)

Measuring Racial Discrimination

Measuring Racial Discrimination
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Methods for Assessing Discrimination
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-07-24
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9780309091268
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Summary : Many racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including blacks, Hispanics, Asians, American Indians, and others, have historically faced severe discriminationâ€"pervasive and open denial of civil, social, political, educational, and economic opportunities. Today, large differences among racial and ethnic groups continue to exist in employment, income and wealth, housing, education, criminal justice, health, and other areas. While many factors may contribute to such differences, their size and extent suggest that various forms of discriminatory treatment persist in U.S. society and serve to undercut the achievement of equal opportunity. Measuring Racial Discrimination considers the definition of race and racial discrimination, reviews the existing techniques used to measure racial discrimination, and identifies new tools and areas for future research. The book conducts a thorough evaluation of current methodologies for a wide range of circumstances in which racial discrimination may occur, and makes recommendations on how to better assess the presence and effects of discrimination.

Personality

Personality
  • Author : Harvey London
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : MINN:31951000538157N
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Summary :

Recent Developments on Structural Equation Models

Recent Developments on Structural Equation Models
  • Author : Kees van Montfort,Johan Oud,Albert Satorra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-30
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 1402019572
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Summary : After Karl Jöreskog's first presentation in 1970, Structural Equation Modelling or SEM has become a main statistical tool in many fields of science. It is the standard approach of factor analytic and causal modelling in such diverse fields as sociology, education, psychology, economics, management and medical sciences. In addition to an extension of its application area, Structural Equation Modelling also features a continual renewal and extension of its theoretical background. The sixteen contributions to this book, written by experts from many countries, present important new developments and interesting applications in Structural Equation Modelling. The book addresses methodologists and statisticians professionally dealing with Structural Equation Modelling to enhance their knowledge of the type of models covered and the technical problems involved in their formulation. In addition, the book offers applied researchers new ideas about the use of Structural Equation Modeling in solving their problems. Finally, methodologists, mathematicians and applied researchers alike are addressed, who simply want to update their knowledge of recent approaches in data analysis and mathematical modelling.

Educational Research, Methodology, and Measurement

Educational Research, Methodology, and Measurement
  • Author : John P. Keeves,John R. Keeves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :832
  • ISBN : UOM:39015056876645
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Summary : Hardbound. This Handbook consists of 139 articles which examine educational research methods and perspectives currently employed throughout the world. Developed from The International Encyclopedia of Education, the Handbook contains revised and updated articles from the original work as well as a significant number of new articles commissioned to cover important recent developments in the field of educational investigation. This collection of articles is truly unique, with a range and depth of treatment which goes well beyond that previously assembled in other works in this field. The Handbook is an important and necessary addition to every personal or reference library concerned with educational research, methodology and measurement.