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Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants
  • Author : Elizabeth Friis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-24
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780081002841
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Summary : Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants provides readers with a thorough overview of the fundamentals of orthopedic implants and various methods of mechanical testing. Historical aspects are presented, along with case studies that are particularly useful for readers. Presents information on a range of implants, from dental to spinal implants Includes case studies throughout that help the reader understand how the content of the book is applied in practice Provides coverage and guidance on FDA regulations and requirements Focuses on application of mechanical testing methods

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants
  • Author : Elizabeth Friis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-01
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0081002866
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Summary : Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants provides readers with a thorough overview of the fundamentals of orthopedic implants and various methods of mechanical testing. Historical aspects are presented, along with case studies that are particularly useful for readers. Presents information on a range of implants, from dental to spinal implants Includes case studies throughout that help the reader understand how the content of the book is applied in practice Provides coverage and guidance on FDA regulations and requirements Focuses on application of mechanical testing methods

Musculoskeletal Research and Basic Science

Musculoskeletal Research and Basic Science
  • Author : Feza Korkusuz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-26
  • Total pages :788
  • ISBN : 9783319207773
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Summary : Strong roots in basic science and research enhance clinical practice. This book is a rich source of information for basic scientists and translational researchers who focus on musculoskeletal tissues and for orthopedic and trauma surgeons seeking relevant up-to-date information on molecular biology and the mechanics of musculoskeletal tissue repair and regeneration. The book opens by discussing biomaterials and biomechanics, with detailed attention to the biologic response to implants and biomaterials and to the surface modification of implants, an important emerging research field. Finite element analysis, mechanical testing standards and gait analysis are covered. All these chapters are strongly connected to clinical applications. After a section on imaging techniques, musculoskeletal tissues and their functions are addressed, the coverage including, for example, stem cells, molecules important for growth and repair, regeneration of cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and peripheral nerves, and the genetic basis of orthopedic diseases. State-of-the-art applications such as platellet rich plasma were included. Imaging is a daily practice of scientists and medical doctors. Recent advancements in ultrasonography, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance, bone mineral density measurements using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and scintigraphy was covered following conventional radiography basics. Further extensive sections are devoted to pathology, oncogenesis and tumors, and pharmacology. Structure is always related with function. Surgical anatomy was therefore covered extensively in the last section.

Osseointegration of Orthopaedic Implants

Osseointegration of Orthopaedic Implants
  • Author : Amirhossein Goharian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-16
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9780128133958
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Summary : Osseointegration of Orthopaedic Implants helps product developers at orthopedic implant manufacturers enhance the effectiveness of orthopedic implants and reduce complications, particularly in patients with osteoporotic bones. The book's expert contributors provide cutting-edge information on the latest technologies and advances available. Biomaterial researchers can use the book for basic data in the further development of orthopedic implant materials with better osseointegration. Biomechanical researchers can review related challenges and concepts of osseointegration for use in the development of implants. The book is suitable for readers from academia and industry, bridging the knowledge gap between academic based researchers, industrial based engineers, and clinical based surgeons. Reviews and discusses all aspects of orthopedic implant osseointegration Provides conceptual implants for bone fracture fixation and joint replacement Offers novel ideas for the development of orthopedic implants with superior osseointegration

Modularity of Orthopedic Implants

Modularity of Orthopedic Implants
  • Author : American Society for Testing and Materials
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :249
  • ISBN : 0803124155
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Summary :

Titanium Alloys

Titanium Alloys
  • Author : Jan Sieniawski,Waldemar Ziaja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-15
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9789535111108
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Summary : The book contains six chapters and covers topics dealing with biomedical applications of titanium alloys, surface treatment, relationships between microstructure and mechanical and technological properties, and the effect of radiation on the structure of the titanium alloys.

Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface

Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface
  • Author : Yuehuei H. An,Robert A. Draughn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-11-29
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 1420073567
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Summary : The mechanical properties of whole bones, bone tissue, and the bone-implant interfaces are as important as their morphological and structural aspects. Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface helps you assess these properties by explaining how to do mechanical testing of bone and the bone-implant interface for bone-related research

Experimental Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Experimental Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics
  • Author : Radovan Zdero
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-14
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9780128038550
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Summary : Experimental Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics is the first book in the field that focuses on the practicalities of performing a large variety of in-vitro laboratory experiments. Explanations are thorough, informative, and feature standard lab equipment to enable biomedical engineers to advance from a ‘trial and error’ approach to an efficient system recommended by experienced leaders. This is an ideal tool for biomedical engineers or biomechanics professors in their teaching, as well as for those studying and carrying out lab assignments and projects in the field. The experienced authors have established a standard that researchers can test against in order to explain the strengths and weaknesses of testing approaches. Provides step-by-step guidance to help with in-vitro experiments in orthopaedic biomechanics Presents a DIY manual that is fully equipped with illustrations, practical tips, quiz questions, and much more Includes input from field experts who combine their real-world experience to provide invaluable insights for all those in the field

Orthopedic Biomaterials

Orthopedic Biomaterials
  • Author : Bingyun Li,Thomas Webster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 3319895419
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Summary : This book covers the latest progress in the biology and manufacturing of orthopedic biomaterials, as well as key industry perspectives. Topics covered include the development of biomaterial-based medical products for orthopedic applications, anti-infection technologies for orthopedic implants, additive manufacturing of orthopedic implants, and more. This is an ideal book for graduate students, researchers and professionals working with orthopedic biomaterials and tissue engineering. This book also: Provides an industry perspective on technologies to prevent orthopedic implant related infection Thoroughly covers how to modulate innate inflammatory reactions in the application of orthopedic biomaterials Details the state-of-the-art research on 3D printed porous bone constructs

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook
  • Author : Steven M. Kurtz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9781437744637
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Summary : PEEK biomaterials are currently used in thousands of spinal fusion patients around the world every year. Durability, biocompatibility and excellent resistance to aggressive sterilization procedures make PEEK a polymer of choice replacing metal in orthopedic implants, from spinal implants and hip replacements to finger joints and dental implants. This Handbook brings together experts in many different facets related to PEEK clinical performance as well as in the areas of materials science, tribology, and biology to provide a complete reference for specialists in the field of plastics, biomaterials, medical device design and surgical applications. Steven Kurtz, author of the well respected UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook and Director of the Implant Research Center at Drexel University, has developed a one-stop reference covering the processing and blending of PEEK, its properties and biotribology, and the expanding range of medical implants using PEEK: spinal implants, hip and knee replacement, etc. Full coverage of the properties and applications of PEEK, the leading polymer for spinal implants. PEEK is being used in a wider range of new applications in biomedical engineering, such as hip and knee replacements, and finger joints. These new application areas are explored in detail. Essential reference for plastics enginers, biomedical engineers and orthopedic professionals involved in the use of the PEEK polymer, and medical implants made from PEEK.

Biomaterials In Orthopaedic Surgery

Biomaterials In Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Author : Federico Ángel Rodríguez-González
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9781615031290
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Summary :

Biomaterials in Orthopaedics and Bone Regeneration

Biomaterials in Orthopaedics and Bone Regeneration
  • Author : Preetkanwal Singh Bains,Sarabjeet Singh Sidhu,Marjan Bahraminasab,Chander Prakash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-09
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9789811399770
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Summary : This book focuses on the recent advances in the field of orthopaedic biomaterials, with a particular emphasis on their design and fabrication. Biomimetic materials, having similar properties and functions to that of the natural tissue, are becoming a popular choice for making customized orthopaedic implants and bone scaffolds. The acceptability of these materials in the human body depends on the right balance between their mechanical and biological properties. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research in this rapidly evolving field. The chapters cover different aspects of multi-functional biomaterials design, and cutting-edge methods for the synthesis and processing of these materials. Advanced manufacturing techniques, like additive manufacturing, used for developing new biomimetic materials are highlighted in the book. This book is a valuable reference for students and researchers interested in biomaterials for orthopaedic applications.

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints
  • Author : Saverio Affatato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780857096128
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Summary : Although hip, knee and other orthopaedic implants are well-established prostheses, much remains to be understood about how these implants wear in use. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research in this area and its implications for implant and joint design. After an introductory overview, the book reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear. Part one discusses fundamental issues such as tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees as well as the materials and design issues they raise for hip, knee and other types of orthopaedic implant. Part two considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints. It also covers surgical and other factors influencing wear as well as ways of detecting, analysing and predicting implant wear and failure. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints is a standard reference for implant manufacturers, surgeons and those researching this important area. Summarises the wealth of recent research into the wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints and discusses the implications for implant and joint design Reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear, tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees and the materials and design issues they raise for orthopaedic implants Considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints

Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Orthopaedic Biomechanics
  • Author : Beth A. Winkelstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-18
  • Total pages :639
  • ISBN : 9781439860946
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Summary : Given the strong current attention of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research on translational capabilities for the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of clinical disease states, the need for reviews of the state-of-art and current needs in orthopaedics is very timely. Orthopaedic Biomechanics provides an in-depth review of the current knowledge of orthopaedic biomechanics across all tissues in the musculoskeletal system, at all size scales, and with direct relevance to engineering and clinical applications. Discussing the relationship between mechanical loading, function, and biological performance, it first reviews basic structure-function relationships for most major orthopedic tissue types followed by the most-relevant structures of the body. It then addresses multiscale modeling and biologic considerations. It concludes with a look at applications of biomechanics, focusing on recent advances in theory, technology and applied engineering approaches. With contributions from leaders in the field, the book presents state-of-the-art findings, techniques, and perspectives. Much of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research is directed at the translational capabilities for the "real world". Addressing this from the perspective of diagnostics, prevention, and treatment in orthopaedic biomechanics, the book supplies novel perspectives for the interdisciplinary approaches required to translate orthopaedic biomechanics to today’s real world.

Degradation of Implant Materials

Degradation of Implant Materials
  • Author : Noam Eliaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-21
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 9781461439424
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Summary : This book reviews the current understanding of the mechanical, chemical and biological processes that are responsible for the degradation of a variety of implant materials. All 18 chapters will be written by internationally renowned experts to address both fundamental and practical aspects of research into the field. Different failure mechanisms such as corrosion, fatigue, and wear will be reviewed, together with experimental techniques for monitoring them, either in vitro or in vivo. Procedures for implant retrieval and analysis will be presented. A variety of biomaterials (stainless steels, titanium and its alloys, nitinol, magnesium alloys, polyethylene, biodegradable polymers, silicone gel, hydrogels, calcium phosphates) and medical devices (orthopedic and dental implants, stents, heart valves, breast implants) will be analyzed in detail. The book will serve as a broad reference source for graduate students and researchers studying biomedicine, corrosion, surface science, and electrochemistry.

Principles of Human Joint Replacement

Principles of Human Joint Replacement
  • Author : Frederick F. Buechel,Michael J. Pappas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-12
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9783319153117
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Summary : This book is written for the users and designers of joint replacements. In its second extended edition it conveys to the reader the knowledge accumulated by the authors during their forty year effort on the development of replacement devices for the lower limb for the purpose of aiding the reader in their design and evaluation of joint replacement devices. The early chapters describe the engineering, scientific and medical principles needed for replacement joint evaluation. One must understand the nature and performance of the materials involved and their characteristics in vivo, i.e. the response of the body to implant materials. It is also essential to understand the response of the implants to applied loading and motion, particularly in the hostile physiological environment. A chapter describes the design methodology now required for joint replacement in the USA and EU countries. The remaining chapters provide a history of joint replacement, an evaluation of earlier and current devices and sample case histories of some of the authors’ devices. The present second edition includes various additional case reports as well as a new chapter devoted to the shoulder. Drs. Buechel, an orthopaedic surgeon, and Pappas, a professor of Mechanical Engineering, are the designers of several successful joint replacement systems. The most well-known of these is the pioneering LCS knee replacement.

Trauma Plating Systems

Trauma Plating Systems
  • Author : Amirhossein Goharian,Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir,Mohamed Ruslan Abdullah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128047583
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Summary : Trauma Plating Systems is the first reference and systematic book in the topic of trauma plating system in view of biomechanical, material, biological, and clinical aspects. The effects of these aspects on effectiveness of trauma plating fixation are deeply reviewed, discussed, and challenged from which promising evaluation and development concepts are explored. This book is divided into five sections: Section I covers general concepts of biomechanical, material, biological, and clinical aspects. Then it provides fundamentals of trauma plating systems, principles of biomechanical evaluation methods, and biomechanics of plating fixation in Section II. Section III reviews current metallic materials with their advantages and disadvantages in plating fixation of bone fractures and new promising materials with their potential benefits to enhance the effectiveness of plating fixation. Section IV represents currently concerned biomechanical-clinical challenges of plating fixation for various bone fractures, and Section V presents current and new development concepts of this type of trauma implants. This book as an accessible and easy usable textbook for various disciplines of audiences who are dealing with trauma plating system and fixation such as orthopedic surgeons, trauma implant manufacturers, biomechanical researchers, biomaterial researchers, and all biomedical or medical students and residents in different levels of education. Author has been diligent in both engineering and research environments in terms of research, testing, analysis, validation, verification, clinical studies, and technical writing. His main interest and effort is to integrate biomechanical, material, biological, and clinical requirements of orthopedic implants for creation of novel design conception in this industry. He has developed the website http://orthoimplant-development.com/ for further communication in development of orthopedic implants. Smooth writing style for effective following, fast reading, and easy accessibility of the content Detailed and insight reviews, discussions, and new ideas in evaluation methods and design conception Disclosing of a novel conceptual plating system (Advance Healing Fixation System—AHealFS) with advanced biomechanical and clinical benefits in various stages of healing period potential to bring an interesting science breakthrough in fixation of bone fractures

Biomechanics of the Spine

Biomechanics of the Spine
  • Author : Fabio Galbusera,Hans-Joachim Wilke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-23
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9780128128527
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Summary : Biomechanics of the Spine encompasses the basics of spine biomechanics, spinal tissues, spinal disorders and treatment methods. Organized into four parts, the first chapters explore the functional anatomy of the spine, with special emphasis on aspects which are biomechanically relevant and quite often neglected in clinical literature. The second part describes the mechanics of the individual spinal tissues, along with commonly used testing set-ups and the constitutive models used to represent them in mathematical studies. The third part covers in detail the current methods which are used in spine research: experimental testing, numerical simulation and in vivo studies (imaging and motion analysis). The last part covers the biomechanical aspects of spinal pathologies and their surgical treatment. This valuable reference is ideal for bioengineers who are involved in spine biomechanics, and spinal surgeons who are looking to broaden their biomechanical knowledge base. The contributors to this book are from the leading institutions in the world that are researching spine biomechanics. Includes broad coverage of spine disorders and surgery with a biomechanical focus Summarizes state-of-the-art and cutting-edge research in the field of spine biomechanics Discusses a variety of methods, including In vivo and In vitro testing, and finite element and musculoskeletal modeling

Modern Surface Engineering Treatments

Modern Surface Engineering Treatments
  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-22
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9789535111498
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Summary : Surface engineering can be defined as an enabling technology used in a wide range of industrial activities. Surface engineering was founded by detecting surface features which destroy most of pieces, e.g. abrasion, corrosion, fatigue, and disruption; then it was recognized, more than ever, that most technological advancements are constrained with surface requirements. In a wide range of industry (such as gas and oil exploitation, mining, and manufacturing), the surfaces generate an important problem in technological advancement. Passing time shows us new interesting methods in surface engineering. These methods usually apply to enhance the surface properties, e.g. wear rate, fatigue, abrasion, and corrosion resistance. This book collects some of new methods in surface engineering.

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook
  • Author : Steven M. Kurtz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-27
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 008088444X
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Summary : UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook describes the science, development, properties and application of of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) used in artificial joints. This material is currently used in 1.4 million patients around the world every year for use in the hip, knee, upper extremities, and spine. Since the publication of the 1st edition there have been major advances in the development and clinical adoption of highly crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee replacement. There has also been a major international effort to introduce Vitamin E stabilized UHMWPE for patients. The accumulated knowledge on these two classes of materials are a key feature of the 2nd edition, along with an additional 19 additional chapters providing coverage of the key engineering aspects (biomechanical and materials science) and clinical/biological performance of UHMWPE, providing a more complete reference for industrial and academic materials specialists, and for surgeons and clinicians who require an understanding of the biomaterials properties of UHMWPE to work successfully on patient applications. The UHMWPE Handbook is the comprehensive reference for professionals, researchers, and clinicians working with biomaterials technologies for joint replacement New to this edition: 19 new chapters keep readers up to date with this fast moving topic, including a new section on UHMWPE biomaterials; highly crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee replacement; Vitamin E stabilized UHMWPE for patients; clinical performance, tribology an biologic interaction of UHMWPE State-of-the-art coverage of UHMWPE technology, orthopedic applications, biomaterial characterisation and engineering aspects from recognised leaders in the field

Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Mangal Roy,Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-12
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780128071038
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Summary : In joint replacement surgery with suboptimal bone, allograft materials are often used to achieve biological fixation of the metallic implant to the host bone and reducing the implant fixation time. The most commonly used techniques are cemented and hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated metallic implants. Typically, HA coatings are suggested for patients with better bone stock, whereas recommended implant fixation process for most other osteoporotic patients is bone cements. In general, there is a long-standing need to improve the performance of hip and other devices for longer in vivo implant lifetime that can help in reducing the number of revision surgeries, as well as minimizing physical and mental trauma to the patient. To achieve these goals, it is important to understand the mechanical and biological properties of coatings that can influence not only its short- and long-term bioactivity but also life span in vivo. Over the years, it has been recognized that the stability of a coated implant is governed by its physical and mechanical properties. A coating that separates from the implant provides no advantage over an uncoated implant and undesirable due to problems with debris materials, which can lead to osteolysis. Therefore, it is important to properly characterize the coated implants in terms of its physical and mechanical properties. In this chapter, specific details on coating characterization techniques including sample dimensions, sample preparation, experimental procedure and data interpretation are discussed. In particular, the standards and requirements of regulatory organizations are presented elucidating the significance and use of each characterization. It is important to appreciate that mechanical properties of coatings can only be determined with certain coating specification such as coating thickness. This chapter is designed even for non-experts to follow mechanical property characterizations of coatings on medical implants.