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MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES
  • Author : KAUSHIK NATH
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-01
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 8120352912
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Summary : This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Takeshi Matsuura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-10
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 1000102904
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Summary : Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Patrick Meares
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : H Strathmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-29
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780080509402
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Summary : Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Robert Y. M. Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :549
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Hardbound. Covered here are the various aspects of pervaporation: theory and principles, separation characteristics, sorption and diffusion, thermodynamics and evaluation of polymer materials for membranes, as well as plant design and optimization. The book also includes interesting new material on the synthesis of novel copolymer membranes with very high separation potential and future implications for the pervaporation separation of biological systems and its applications in the exciting field of biochemical engineering. Special attention is paid to industrial research and applications of pervaporation membranes and plant operations involving new pervaporation processes.The book also includes a chapter dealing with the development of vapour permeation for industrial applications, which is a new variant of liquid pervaporation processes.

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Randeep Singh,Dibyajyoti Haldar,Piyal Mondal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0128188014
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Summary : Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes describes the fundamental and advanced areas associated with the field of thermal induced membrane separation processes. It includes extensive coverage of material selection, types, and theory of thermal induced membrane fabrication, characterization, and modification. This book focuses on the applications of various thermal induced membrane processes and discusses ancillary topics related to the subject, such as membrane modules, membrane contactors and reactors, preparation and characterization techniques, smart membranes, fouling and its mitigation, and economic analysis of the thermal induced membrane separation processes. Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes elaborates on every aspect on the thermal induced membranes in a simple and straightforward manner, helping readers ranging from students to researchers in academia and the industry to understand the processes for successful execution and implementation into their research.

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology
  • Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-01-17
  • Total pages :738
  • ISBN : 9780080536187
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Summary : The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes
  • Author : Dionisio da Silva Biron,Venina dos Santos,Mara Zeni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-25
  • Total pages :91
  • ISBN : 3319586041
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Summary : This book covers diverse types of ceramic membranes applied in separation processes. The authors present the preparation methods and well as the main application of ceramic membranes. Modules, microfiltration and ultrafiltration are topics described within the text. The final chapter focuses on water and wastewater treatment by membranes separation processes.

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification
  • Author : J.G. Crespo,Karl W. Böddeker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9401583404
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Summary : The chapters of this book are based upon lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification (March 21 - April 2, 1993, Curia, Portugal), organized as a successor and update to a similar Institute that took place 10 years ago (p.M.Bungay, H.K. Lonsdale, M.N. de Pinho (Eds.): Synthetic Membranes: Science, Engineering and Applications, NATO ASI Series, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986). The decade between the two NATO Institutes witnesses the transition from individually researched membrane processes to an applied and established membrane separation technology, as is reflected by the contents of the corresponding proceeding volumes. By and large, the first volume presents itself as a textbook on membrane processes, still valid, while the present volume focuses on areas of separation need as amenable to membrane processing: Biotechnology and Environmental Technology. Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into "Membranes in Biotechnology" (11 papers), "Membranes in Environmental Technology" (6 papers), and "New Concepts" (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on "Energy Requirements" and "Education", i.e., membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state of the art of applied membrane processing and may well augment the more fundamental approach of its predecessor.

Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Membrane Separation Processes

Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : A. Green
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9780947711764
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Summary :

Integration of Membrane Processes Into Bioconversions

Integration of Membrane Processes Into Bioconversions
  • Author : Katalin Bélafi-Bakó,László Gubicza,Marcel Mulder,J. Mulder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-09-30
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Proceedings of the European Membrane Society XVI Annual Summer School on Integration of Membrane Processes into Bioconversions, held August 22-27, 1999, in Veszprém, Hungary. The purpose of this book is to give an overview of the current situation of membrane separation processes in the field of bioengineering and also to describe how their joint application possibilities can be used in both laboratory and industrial scale applications. In commercial applications, focus is centered on the fields of food industry, chemical/fine chemical industry, and environmental protection. Most of the European experts in the interdisciplinary fields of membrane processes and bioconversions have contributed to the chapters in this work, making it the most up-to-date volume currently available.

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : J.G.A. Bitter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :219
  • ISBN : 1461536820
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Summary : The present book contains a comparison of existing theoretical models developed in order to describe membrane separation processes. In general, the permeation equations resulting from these models give inaccurate predictions of the mutual effects of the permeants involved, due to the simplifications adopted in their derivation. It is concluded that an optimum description of transport phenomena in tight (diffusion-type) membranes is achieved with the "solution-diffusion" model. According to this model each component of a fluid mixture to be separated dissolves in the membrane and passes through by diffusion in response to its gradient in the chemical potential. A modified Flory-Huggins equation has been derived to calculate the solubility of the permeants in the membrane material. Contrary to the original Flory-Huggins equation, the modified equation accounts for the large effect on solubility of crystallinity and elastic strain of the polymer chains by swelling. The equilibrium sorption of liquids computed with this equation was found to be in good agreement with experimental results. Also, the sorption of gases in both rubbery and glassy polymers could be described quan titatively with the modified Flory-Huggins equation without any need of the arbitrary Langmuir term, as required in the conventional "dual-mode" sorption model. Furthermore, fewer parameters are required than with the at least identical accuracy.

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes
  • Author : R. Rautenbach,Robert Rautenbach,R. Albrecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :459
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : The fundamental processes of mass transport in membranes are outlined in this book, which also develops the applications of these processes in industry. Local transport phenomena and the behaviour of individual elements, the technical unit and the module are all examined.

Membrane Separation Systems

Membrane Separation Systems
  • Author : R.W. Baker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :451
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Discusses recent developments and future directions in the field of membrane separation systems. Describes research needed to bring energy-saving membrane separation processes to technical and commercial readiness for commercial acceptance within the next 5 to 20 years. Pays particular attention to identifying currently emerging innovative processes.

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology
  • Author : K. Scott,R. Hughes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :305
  • ISBN : 9780751403381
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Summary : Although membrane separations can now routinely replace traditional separations, there is a need for the new developments in the applications and theories of membrane separation to be transmitted to industry to continue the drive forward in membrane development. This book presents new developments in the context of industrial technology and relates the principles of design to plant set-up and equipment selection.

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations
  • Author : Anil K. Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-07
  • Total pages :1184
  • ISBN : 0849395496
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Summary : The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Applications provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies as they have evolved over the past decades. To provide a basic understanding of membrane technology, this book documents the developments dealing with these technologies. It explores chemical, pharmaceutical, food processing and biotechnological applications of membrane processes ranging from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This text also presents in-depth knowledge of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane permeability computations, membrane types and modules, as well as membrane reactors.

Membrane Gas Separation

Membrane Gas Separation
  • Author : Benny Freeman,Yuri Yampolskii
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-20
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 1119956587
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Summary : Gas separation membranes offer a number of benefits over other separation technologies, and they play an increasingly important role in reducing the environmental impacts and costs of many industrial processes. This book describes recent and emerging results in membrane gas separation, including highlights of nanoscience and technology, novel polymeric and inorganic membrane materials, new membrane approaches to solve environmental problems e.g. greenhouse gases, aspects of membrane engineering, and recent achievements in industrial gas separation. It includes: Hyperbranched polyimides, amorphous glassy polymers and perfluorinated copolymers Nanocomposite (mixed matrix) membranes Polymeric magnetic membranes Sequestration of CO2 to reduce global warming Industrial applications of gas separation Developed from sessions of the most recent International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Membrane Gas Separation gives a snapshot of the current situation, and presents both fundamental results and applied achievements.

Membrane-based Separation Processes for Treating High Salinity Produced Waters

Membrane-based Separation Processes for Treating High Salinity Produced Waters
  • Author : Kamyar Sardari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Produced waters (PW) generated in the oil and gas industry within the United States often contain extreme levels of total dissolved solids (TDS). These high TDS waste streams need to be treated cost-effectively as the costs associated with the current management techniques can exceed 15 USD per barrel of discharged PW. Thermally and osmotically-driven membrane separation technologies can show promising potential for treating high TDS waste streams, as onsite low-grade waste heat may be used for their operation. In this dissertation, the application of membrane distillation (MD), forward osmosis (FO) and a hybrid FO-MD process for treating synthetic and actual high TDS PW is investigated. The aim is to maximize water recovery and minimize the high TDS sludge volume. A number of commercially available hydrophobic membranes with varying properties have been extensively characterized and tested in a bench-scale MD system. A bulk membrane structural parameter has been defined and used to identify membranes that display the highest permeate fluxes. Then, the maximum achievable brine concentration for higher flux membranes was determined. When treating actual PW feed streams, which contain not only high TDS, but also dissolved organics, surfactants and low surface tension contaminants, pretreatment of the feed is essential to suppress the onset of membrane fouling. In this study, the feasibility of electrocoagulation (EC) followed by MD is investigated. EC was reported effective in mitigating fouling during MD. FO is another emerging membrane-based separation technology that could find niche applications in the treatment of oil and gas PW. Here, the feasibility of treating hydraulic fracturing PW using a combined EC-FO process has been investigated. EC is shown to be effective for removing suspended solids and organic compounds which foul the membrane during FO. By accounting for internal and external concentration polarization as well as fouling, the expected FO flux may be determined. Finally, we have studied hybrid FO-MD system and shown that this process integration can combine the advantages of both processes; low fouling tendency and high quality permeate. The actual treatment used, EC-MD, EC-FO or EC-FO-MD will depend on the quality of the PW.

Reactive Separation Processes

Reactive Separation Processes
  • Author : Kulprathipanja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-11-16
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781560328254
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Summary : This book summarizes the available information in six known areas of reactive separation: reaction/distillation, reaction/extraction, reaction/absorption, reaction/adsorption, reaction/membrane, and reaction/crystallization.

Bioprocess Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering
  • Author : Pau Loke Show,Chien Wei Ooi,Tau Chuan Ling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-24
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 0429882521
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Summary : Bioprocess Engineering: Downstream Processing is the first book to present the principles of bioprocess engineering, focusing on downstream bioprocessing. It aims to provide the latest bioprocess technology and explain process analysis from an engineering point of view, using worked examples related to biological systems. This book introduces the commonly used technologies for downstream processing of biobased products. The covered topics include centrifugation, filtration, membrane separation, reverse osmosis, chromatography, biosorption, liquid-liquid separation, and drying. The basic principles and mechanism of separation are covered in each of the topics, wherein the engineering concept and design are emphasized. This book is aimed at bioprocess engineers and professionals who wish to perform downstream processing for their feedstock, as well as students.

The Application of Membrane Separation Processes as Environmental Friendly Methods in the Beet Sugar Production

The Application of Membrane Separation Processes as Environmental Friendly Methods in the Beet Sugar Production
  • Author : Zita Seres
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : The Application of Membrane Separation Processes as Environmental Friendly Methods in the Beet Sugar Production.