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Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Takeshi Matsuura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-12-17
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0849342023
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Summary : Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES
  • Author : KAUSHIK NATH
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-01
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9788120352919
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Summary : This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : H Strathmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-29
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 0080509401
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Summary : Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Randeep Singh,Piyal Mondal,Dibyajyoti Haldar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-08
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9780128188026
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Summary : Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes describes the fundamental and advanced areas associated with the field of thermal induced membrane separation processes. It includes extensive coverage of material selection, types, and theory of thermal induced membrane fabrication, characterization, and modification. This book focuses on the applications of various thermal induced membrane processes and discusses ancillary topics related to the subject, such as membrane modules, membrane contactors and reactors, preparation and characterization techniques, smart membranes, fouling and its mitigation, and economic analysis of the thermal induced membrane separation processes. Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes elaborates on every aspect on the thermal induced membranes in a simple and straightforward manner, helping readers ranging from students to researchers in academia and the industry to understand the processes for successful execution and implementation into their research. Covers entire field of thermal induced membranes, providing basic to advanced knowledge of thermal induced membranes in a single source Presents state-of-art research in the field Includes the most up-to-date examples of the fabrication, modification, and applications of thermal induced membranes

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology
  • Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-01-17
  • Total pages :738
  • ISBN : 0080536182
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Summary : The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : J.G.A. Bitter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :219
  • ISBN : 9781461536826
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Summary : The present book contains a comparison of existing theoretical models developed in order to describe membrane separation processes. In general, the permeation equations resulting from these models give inaccurate predictions of the mutual effects of the permeants involved, due to the simplifications adopted in their derivation. It is concluded that an optimum description of transport phenomena in tight (diffusion-type) membranes is achieved with the "solution-diffusion" model. According to this model each component of a fluid mixture to be separated dissolves in the membrane and passes through by diffusion in response to its gradient in the chemical potential. A modified Flory-Huggins equation has been derived to calculate the solubility of the permeants in the membrane material. Contrary to the original Flory-Huggins equation, the modified equation accounts for the large effect on solubility of crystallinity and elastic strain of the polymer chains by swelling. The equilibrium sorption of liquids computed with this equation was found to be in good agreement with experimental results. Also, the sorption of gases in both rubbery and glassy polymers could be described quan titatively with the modified Flory-Huggins equation without any need of the arbitrary Langmuir term, as required in the conventional "dual-mode" sorption model. Furthermore, fewer parameters are required than with the at least identical accuracy.

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Patrick Meares
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : UOM:39015013027571
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Summary :

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Robert Y. M. Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :549
  • ISBN : UOM:39015022006723
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Summary : Hardbound. Covered here are the various aspects of pervaporation: theory and principles, separation characteristics, sorption and diffusion, thermodynamics and evaluation of polymer materials for membranes, as well as plant design and optimization. The book also includes interesting new material on the synthesis of novel copolymer membranes with very high separation potential and future implications for the pervaporation separation of biological systems and its applications in the exciting field of biochemical engineering. Special attention is paid to industrial research and applications of pervaporation membranes and plant operations involving new pervaporation processes.The book also includes a chapter dealing with the development of vapour permeation for industrial applications, which is a new variant of liquid pervaporation processes.

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Takeshi Matsuura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-10
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9781000141405
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Summary : Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification
  • Author : J.G. Crespo,Karl W. Böddeker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9789401583404
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Summary : The chapters of this book are based upon lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification (March 21 - April 2, 1993, Curia, Portugal), organized as a successor and update to a similar Institute that took place 10 years ago (p.M.Bungay, H.K. Lonsdale, M.N. de Pinho (Eds.): Synthetic Membranes: Science, Engineering and Applications, NATO ASI Series, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986). The decade between the two NATO Institutes witnesses the transition from individually researched membrane processes to an applied and established membrane separation technology, as is reflected by the contents of the corresponding proceeding volumes. By and large, the first volume presents itself as a textbook on membrane processes, still valid, while the present volume focuses on areas of separation need as amenable to membrane processing: Biotechnology and Environmental Technology. Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into "Membranes in Biotechnology" (11 papers), "Membranes in Environmental Technology" (6 papers), and "New Concepts" (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on "Energy Requirements" and "Education", i.e., membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state of the art of applied membrane processing and may well augment the more fundamental approach of its predecessor.

Integration of Membrane Processes Into Bioconversions

Integration of Membrane Processes Into Bioconversions
  • Author : Katalin Bélafi-Bakó,László Gubicza,Marcel Mulder,J. Mulder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-09-30
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822029721776
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Summary : Proceedings of the European Membrane Society XVI Annual Summer School on Integration of Membrane Processes into Bioconversions, held August 22-27, 1999, in Veszprém, Hungary. The purpose of this book is to give an overview of the current situation of membrane separation processes in the field of bioengineering and also to describe how their joint application possibilities can be used in both laboratory and industrial scale applications. In commercial applications, focus is centered on the fields of food industry, chemical/fine chemical industry, and environmental protection. Most of the European experts in the interdisciplinary fields of membrane processes and bioconversions have contributed to the chapters in this work, making it the most up-to-date volume currently available.

Membrane Processing for Dairy Ingredient Separation

Membrane Processing for Dairy Ingredient Separation
  • Author : Kang Hu,James Dickson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-20
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781118590171
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Summary : Membrane processing is a filtration technique in which particles are separated from liquids by being forced through a porous material, or membrane. Applied to dairy products, the separation techniques allow valuable compounds, found in milk, to be isolated for use as ingredients in food processing. A comprehensive overview of membrane separation processes, this book explores various applications such as pressure driven processes, electrical field driven processes, and concentration driven processes, for the recovery of various dairy streams and ingredients. The topics covered place emphasis on new applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, and pervaporation. The text also presents in-depth knowledge of the mechanisms of each membrane separation process, as well as membrane types and the equipment used in these processes. Combining their educational backgrounds and substantial industrial experience in dairy ingredients processes, the authors address cutting-edge technologies that have been thoroughly researched and have great potential to be commercialized in the near future. The book will therefore be of interest to dairy industry professionals and will serve as a source of reference material for professors and students in food science and engineering.

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology
  • Author : K. Scott,R. Hughes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :305
  • ISBN : 9789401106276
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Summary : Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing
  • Author : Robert W. Field,Erika Bekassy-Molnar,Frank Lipnizki,Gyula Vatai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-26
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781420083644
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Summary : Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing presents an overview and introduction to a wide range of membrane processes, their unique characteristics and challenges. In the food industry, as in many industries, membranes have an environmental advantage over conventional processes that they displace, because they are less energy intensive. The processing at near-ambient conditions also retains flavors and nutritional value. These advantages, together with significant reductions in the cost of membrane modules, augers well for their future not only in the dairy industry but in other parts of the food industry, such as alcohol processing, animal product processing, and fruit and vegetable processing. Chapters address a wide range of membranes separations in the food and beverage industries, and applications are provided that will be of value not only to food engineers but also to process engineers working in other areas. The processing of food is now a highly interdisciplinary science, and anyone concerned with food processing will benefit from reading this book and understanding what membrane processes of the twenty-first century have to offer.

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes
  • Author : Dionisio da Silva Biron,Venina dos Santos,Mara Zeni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-25
  • Total pages :91
  • ISBN : 9783319586045
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Summary : This book covers diverse types of ceramic membranes applied in separation processes. The authors present the preparation methods and well as the main application of ceramic membranes. Modules, microfiltration and ultrafiltration are topics described within the text. The final chapter focuses on water and wastewater treatment by membranes separation processes.

Boron Separation Processes

Boron Separation Processes
  • Author : Nalan Kabay,Marek Bryjak,Nidal Hilal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-19
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9780444634658
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Summary : The impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation represents one of greatest human challenges for the 21st century, and membrane technology has emerged as a serious contender to confront the crisis. Yet, whilst there are countless texts on wastewater treatment and on membrane technologies, none address the boron problem and separation processes for boron elimination. Boron Separation Processes fills this gap and provides a unique and single source that highlights the growing and competitive importance of these processes. For the first time, the reader is able to see in one reference work the state-of-the-art research in this rapidly growing field. The book focuses on four main areas: Effect of boron on humans and plants Separation of boron by ion exchange and adsorption processes Separation of boron by membrane processes Simulation and optimization studies for boron separation Provides in one source a state-of-the-art overview of this compelling area Reviews the environmental impact of boron before introducing emerging boron separation processes Includes simulation and optimization studies for boron separation processes Describes boron separation processes applicable to specific sources, such as seawater, geothermal water and wastewater

Membrane Separation Principles and Applications

Membrane Separation Principles and Applications
  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mukhlis A. Rahman,Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman,Takeshi Matsuura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-07
  • Total pages :493
  • ISBN : 9780128128169
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Summary : Membrane Separation Principles and Applications: From Material Selection to Mechanisms and Industrial Uses, the latest volume in the Handbooks in Separation Science series, is the first single resource to explore all aspects of this rapidly growing area of study. Membrane technology is now accepted as one of the most effective tools for separation and purification, primarily due to its simple operation. The result has been a proliferation of studies on this topic; however, the relationships between fundamental knowledge and applications are rarely discussed. This book acts as a guideline for those who are interested in exploring membranes at a more progressive level. Covering methods of pressure driving force, partial pressure driving force, concentration driving force, electrical potential driving force, hybrid processes, and more, this volume is more complete than any other known resource on membrane separations. Covers membrane material selection, membrane fabrication, membrane characterization, separation mechanisms and applications in each chapter Authored by contributors who are internationally recognized as experts in their respective fields Organized by the driving force behind each type of membrane separation—a unique approach that more clearly links fundamental principles with their dominant applications

Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Membrane Separation Processes

Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : A. Green
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 0947711767
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Summary :

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes
  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-10-15
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 0128196262
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Summary : At the end of the last millennium, membrane separation processes were limited to the pressure driven processes such as RO, UF, MF, membrane gas separation and pervaporation, as well as electro-dialysis. During the last two decades, the scope of the R&D of membrane separation processes has been significantly broadened. In addition to the above-mentioned separation processes, FO, PRO, MD, membrane contactor, membrane adsorption etc. have been investigated. Most importantly, hybrid systems in which two or more membrane systems are combined are now being investigated for large scale applications. Membrane Separation Processes provides graduate and senior undergraduate students and membrane researchers in academia and industry with the fundamental knowledge on the topic by explaining the underlying theory that is indispensable for solving problems that can occur in membrane separation processes. In the book, all major membrane processes are discussed and an economic analysis is provided. Written by renowned experts with extensive experience with industry, education and R&D who have complementary expertise In-depth coverage of the most important conventional and emerging membrane processes Provides fundamental membrane theories for solving problems in separation processes without using complicated software

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations
  • Author : Anil Kumar Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-09
  • Total pages :878
  • ISBN : 9781466555587
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Summary : The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane application

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes
  • Author : Anirban Roy,Siddhartha Moulik,Reddi Kamesh,Aditi Mullick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-07
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781119536062
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Summary : The book Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes is based on the idea of developing a reference which will cover most relevant and “state-of-the-art” approaches in membrane modeling. This book explores almost every major aspect of modeling and the techniques applied in membrane separation studies and applications. This includes first principle-based models, thermodynamics models, computational fluid dynamics simulations, molecular dynamics simulations, and artificial intelligence-based modeling for membrane separation processes. These models have been discussed in light of various applications ranging from desalination to gas separation. In addition, this breakthrough new volume covers the fundamentals of polymer membrane pore formation mechanisms, covering not only a wide range of modeling techniques, but also has various facets of membrane-based applications. Thus, this book can be an excellent source for a holistic perspective on membranes in general, as well as a comprehensive and valuable reference work. Whether a veteran engineer in the field or lab or a student in chemical or process engineering, this latest volume in the “Advances in Membrane Processes” is a must-have, along with the first book in the series, Membrane Processes, also available from Wiley-Scrivener.