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Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining
  • Author : Alberto Figoli,Alfredo Cassano,Angelo Basile
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-19
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780081004524
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Summary : Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining. Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products. Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production, Carbon Capture and Other Applications: Principles, Energy Production and Other Applications

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production, Carbon Capture and Other Applications: Principles, Energy Production and Other Applications
  • Author : Aggelos Doukelis,K. Panopoulos,A. Koumanakos,E Kakaras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-13
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 0081015224
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Summary : Thanks to their outstanding hydrogen selectivity, palladium membranes have attracted extensive R&D interest. They are a potential breakthrough technology for hydrogen production and also have promising applications in the areas of thermochemical biorefining. This book summarises key research in palladium membrane technologies, with particular focus on the scale-up challenges. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews the fabrication of palladium membranes. Part two then focuses on palladium membrane module and reactor design. The final part of the book reviews the operation of palladium membranes for synthesis gas/hydrogen production, carbon capture and other applications. Review of manufacture and design issues for palladium membranesDiscussion of the applications of palladium membrane technology, including solar steam reforming, IGCC plants, NGCC plants, CHP plants and hydrogen productionExamples of the technology in operation

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-28
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9781782421269
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Summary : Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Biorefinery

Biorefinery
  • Author : Juan-Rodrigo Bastidas-Oyanedel,Jens Ejbye Schmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-15
  • Total pages :763
  • ISBN : 9783030109615
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Summary : This book discusses the biorefinery of biomass feedstocks. In-depth chapters highlight the scientific and technical aspects and present a techno-economic analysis of such systems. By using a TEA approach, the authors present feasible pathways for conversion of biomass (both residual biomass, energy crops and algae biomass), showing the different possibilities for the production of biochemical materials, biofuels, and fertilizers. The concepts presented in this book will link companies, investors, and governments by providing a framework that will help reduce pollutants and create a biomass related economy that incorporates the newest developments and technologies in the area.

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology
  • Author : Galanakis Charis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-14
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780128150573
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Summary : Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology deals with an issue that is becoming a new research trend in the field of food and bioproducts processing. The book fills in the gap of transfer knowledge between academia and industry by highlighting membrane techniques and applications for the separation of food components in bioresources, discussing separation mechanisms, balancing advantages and disadvantages, and providing relevant applications. Edited by Charis Galanakis, the book is divided in 13 chapters written by experts from the meat science, food technology and engineering industries. Covers the 13 most relevant topics of functional macro and micro molecules separation using membrane technology in the food industry Brings the most recent advances in the field of membrane processing Presents the sustainability principles of the food industry and the modern bioeconomy frame of our times

Advances in Biorefineries

Advances in Biorefineries
  • Author : Keith W. Waldron
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-28
  • Total pages :936
  • ISBN : 9780857097385
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Summary : Biorefineries are an essential technology in converting biomass into biofuels or other useful materials. Advances in Biorefineries provides a comprehensive overview of biorefining processing techniques and technologies, and the biofuels and other materials produced. Part one focuses on methods of optimizing the biorefining process and assessing its environmental and economic impact. It also looks at current and developing technologies for producing value-added materials. Part two goes on to explore these materials with a focus on biofuels and other value-added products. It considers the properties, limitations, and practical applications of these products and how they can be used to meet the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels. Advances in Biorefineries is a vital reference for biorefinery/process engineers, industrial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and academics in the field. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the advanced biomass recovery and conversion processes used in biorefineries Reviews developments in biorefining processes Discusses the wide range of value-added products from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries
  • Author : Shri Ramaswamy,Hua-Jiang Huang,Bandaru V. Ramarao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-04
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9781118493465
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Summary : Separation and purification processes play a critical role in biorefineries and their optimal selection, design and operation to maximise product yields and improve overall process efficiency. Separations and purifications are necessary for upstream processes as well as in maximising and improving product recovery in downstream processes. These processes account for a significant fraction of the total capital and operating costs and also are highly energy intensive. Consequently, a better understanding of separation and purification processes, current and possible alternative and novel advanced methods is essential for achieving the overall techno-economic feasibility and commercial success of sustainable biorefineries. This book presents a comprehensive overview focused specifically on the present state, future challenges and opportunities for separation and purification methods and technologies in biorefineries. Topics covered include: Equilibrium Separations: Distillation, liquid-liquid extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. Affinity-Based Separations: Adsorption, ion exchange, and simulated moving bed technologies. Membrane Based Separations: Microfiltration, ultrafiltration and diafiltration, nanofiltration, membrane pervaporation, and membrane distillation. Solid-liquid Separations: Conventional filtration and solid-liquid extraction. Hybrid/Integrated Reaction-Separation Systems: Membrane bioreactors, extractive fermentation, reactive distillation and reactive absorption. For each of these processes, the fundamental principles and design aspects are presented, followed by a detailed discussion and specific examples of applications in biorefineries. Each chapter also considers the market needs, industrial challenges, future opportunities, and economic importance of the separation and purification methods. The book concludes with a series of detailed case studies including cellulosic bioethanol production, extraction of algae oil from microalgae, and production of biopolymers. Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries is an essential resource for scientists and engineers, as well as researchers and academics working in the broader conventional and emerging bio-based products industry, including biomaterials, biochemicals, biofuels and bioenergy.

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining
  • Author : Jens Holm-Nielsen,Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-23
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9781782423874
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Summary : Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining highlights the emergence of energy generation through the use of biomass and the ways it is becoming more widely used. The supply chains that produce the feedstocks, harvest, transport, store, and prepare them for combustion or refinement into other forms of fuel are long and complex, often differing from feedstock to feedstock. Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining considers every aspect of these supply chains, including their design, management, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts. The first part of the book introduces supply chains, biomass feedstocks, and their analysis, while the second part looks at the harvesting, handling, storage, and transportation of biomass. The third part studies the modeling of supply chains and their management, with the final section discussing, in minute detail, the supply chains involved in the production and usage of individual feedstocks, such as wood and sugar starches, oil crops, industrial biomass wastes, and municipal sewage stocks. Focuses on the complex supply chains of the various potential feedstocks for biomass energy generation Studies a wide range of biomass feedstocks, including woody energy crops, sugar and starch crops, lignocellulosic crops, oil crops, grass crops, algae, and biomass waste Reviews the modeling and optimization, standards, quality control and traceability, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts of supply chains

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy
  • Author : Arindam Kuila,Mainak Mukhopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-20
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781119591429
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Summary : The world has shifted towards sustainable development for the generation of energy and industrially valuable chemicals. Biorefinery plays an important role in the integration of conversion process with high-end equipment facilities for the generation of energy, fuels and chemicals. The first part of the book presents the fundamentals of the biorefinery concept. The second part describes the biorefinery approach for production of several industrially important chemicals from waste biomass and agro residues. These chemicals include industrially important C4. C5 and C6 chemicals, propylene glycol, glycerol byproducts, dyes and inks etc. Each and every chemical has its own industrial value and the book describes the production processes and strategies at the industrial level. The final part of the book describes the various biorefinery approaches and economic analysis for the different types of biofuel production.

Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Biofuels

Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Biofuels
  • Author : Jose Antonio Olivares,Daniel Puyol,Juan Antonio Melero,Javier Dufour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-21
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9780128165409
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Summary : Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Energy reviews wastewater treatment processes and the use of residues. The viability of end use processes for residues, such as incineration, cement additives, agricultural fertilizers, and methane production are reviewed and analyzed, as are new processes for the use of residues within a fuels production system, such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and syngas. Specialized chapters discuss fractionation of biomass, the production of compounds from volatile fatty acids that conceptually proceed from the anaerobic acidogenesis of residues, and a final analysis of the overall productivity and viability that can be expected from these production schemes. Discusses processes for the production of high value-added products and energy development from sludge Provides value-added technologies for resource utilization in wastewater systems Outlines sustainability assessments and comparisons of technologies and processes

Biorefinery of Inorganics

Biorefinery of Inorganics
  • Author : Erik Meers,Gerard Velthof,Evi Michels,Rene Rietra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-05
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781118921470
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Summary : Provides complete coverage of the recovery of mineral nutrients from biomass and organic waste This book presents a comprehensive overview of the potential for mineral recovery from wastes, addressing technological issues as well as economic, ecological, and agronomic full-scale field assessments. It serves as a complete reference work for experts in the field and provides teaching material for future experts specializing in environmental technology sectors. Biorefinery of Inorganics: Recovering Mineral Nutrients from Biomass and Organic Waste starts by explaining the concept of using anaerobic digestion as a biorefinery for production of an energy carrier in addition to mineral secondary resources. It then discusses the current state of mineral fertilizer use throughout the world, offering readers a complete look at the resource availability and energy intensity. Technical aspects of mineral recovery organic (waste-)streams is discussed next, followed by an examination of the economics of biobased products and their mineral counterparts. The book also covers the environmental impact assessment of the production and use of bio-based fertilizers; modelling and optimization of nutrient recovery from wastes; and more. Discusses global production and consumption of mineral fertilizers Introduces technologies for the recovery of mineral NPK from organic wastes and residues Covers chemical characterization and speciation of refined secondary resources, and shows readers how to assess biobased mineral resources Discusses applications of recovered minerals in the inorganic chemistry sector Compares the economics of biobased products with current fossil-based counterparts Offers an ecological assessment of introducing biobased products in the current fertilizer industry Edited by leading experts in the field Biorefinery of Inorganics: Recovering Mineral Nutrients from Biomass and Organic Waste is an ideal book for scientists, environmental engineers, and end-users in the agro-industry, the waste industry, water and wastewater treatment, and agriculture. It will also be of great benefit to policy makers and regulators working in these fields.

Conversion of Lignin into Bio-Based Chemicals and Materials

Conversion of Lignin into Bio-Based Chemicals and Materials
  • Author : Chunbao Xu,Fatemeh Ferdosian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-05
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 9783662549599
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Summary : This book presents an overview of various types of lignin and their unique structures and properties, as well as utilizations of crude or modified technical lignin for high-value bioproducts such as lignin-based PF resins/adhesives, epoxy resins, PF foams, PU foams, rubber reinforcement and carbon fibers and as dispersants in drilling fluids in the oil and gas industry. It subsequently discusses various thermal/chemical modification techniques (pyrolysis, direct liquefaction and de-polymerization) for converting lignin into oils and chemical feedstocks, and the utilization of crude lignin, lignin-derived oils or depolymerized lignins (DLs) of reduced molecular weights and improved reactivity to produce lignin-based PF resins/adhesives, PF/PU foams and epoxy resins. The book will interest and benefit a broad readership (graduate students, academic researchers, industrial researchers and practitioners) in various fields of science and technology (chemical engineering, biotechnology, chemistry, material science, forestry, etc.). Chunbao (Charles) Xu, PhD, is currently a Professor of Chemical Engineering and NSERC/FPInnovations Industrial Research Chair in Forest Biorefinery at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. Fatemeh Ferdosian, PhD, is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Waterloo, Canada.

The MBR Book

The MBR Book
  • Author : Simon Judd
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-18
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 0080465102
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Summary : The use of membranes is increasing throughout industry, and particularly the water industry.The municipal water industry, which is concerned with the provision of clean drinking water to the population, is a big user and developer of membrane technology which helps it to provide water free of pathogens, chemicals, odours and unwanted tastes. Municipal authorities also have to process sewage and waste water, and membranes are used extensively in these processes. The MBR Book covers all important aspects of Membrane BioReactors in water and waste water treatment, from the fundamentals of the processes via design principles to MBR technologies. Industrial case studies help interpret actual results and give pointers for best practice. Useful appendices provide data on commercial membranes and international membrane organisations. * Major growth area in the water industries * Internationally-known author * Principles and practice, backed by case studies

Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant

Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant
  • Author : Andrzej Stankiewicz,Jacob A. Moulijn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-14
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9780203913291
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Summary : The first guide to compile current research and frontline developments in the science of process intensification (PI), Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant illustrates the design, integration, and application of PI principles and structures for the development and optimization of chemical and industrial plants. This volume updates professionals on emerging PI equipment and methodologies to promote technological advances and operational efficacy in chemical, biochemical, and engineering environments and presents clear examples illustrating the implementation and application of specific process-intensifying equipment and methods in various commercial arenas.

Biomass Now

Biomass Now
  • Author : Miodrag Darko Matovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-30
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9789535111054
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Summary : This two-volume book on biomass is a reflection of the increase in biomass related research and applications, driven by overall higher interest in sustainable energy and food sources, by increased awareness of potentials and pitfalls of using biomass for energy, by the concerns for food supply and by multitude of potential biomass uses as a source material in organic chemistry, bringing in the concept of bio-refinery. It reflects the trend in broadening of biomass related research and an increased focus on second-generation bio-fuels. Its total of 40 chapters spans over diverse areas of biomass research, grouped into 9 themes.

Platform Chemical Biorefinery

Platform Chemical Biorefinery
  • Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Saurabh Jyoti Sarma,Kannan Pakshirajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-02
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780128030042
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Summary : Platform Chemical Biorefinery: Future Green Chemistry provides information on three different aspects of platform chemical biorefinery. The book first presents a basic introduction to the industry beneficial for university students, then provides engineering details of existing or potential platform chemical biorefinery processes helpful to technical staff of biorefineries. Finally, the book presents a critical review of the entire platform chemical biorefinery process, including extensive global biorefinery practices and their potential environmental and market-related consequences. Platform chemicals are building blocks of different valuable chemicals. The book evaluates the possibility of renewable feedstock-based platform chemical production and the fundamental challenges associated with this objective. Thus, the book is a useful reference for both academic readers and industry technical workers. The book guides the research community working in the field of platform chemical biorefinery to develop new pathways and technologies in combination with their market value and desirability. Offers comprehensive coverage of platform chemicals biorefineries, recent advances and technology developments, potential issues for preventing commercialization, and solutions Discusses existing technologies for platform chemicals production, highlighting benefits as well their possible adverse effects on the environment and food security Includes a global market analysis of platform chemicals and outlines industry opportunities Serves as a useful reference for both academic readers and industry technical workers

Biobased Industrial Products

Biobased Industrial Products
  • Author : Committee on Biobased Industrial Products,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-03-01
  • Total pages :134
  • ISBN : 9780309521857
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Summary : Petroleum-based industrial products have gradually replaced products derived from biological materials. However, biologically based products are making a comeback--because of a threefold increase in farm productivity and new technologies. Biobased Industrial Products envisions a biobased industrial future, where starch will be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils will become a routine component in lubricants and detergents. Biobased Industrial Products overviews the U.S. land resources available for agricultural production, summarizes plant materials currently produced, and describes prospects for increasing varieties and yields. The committee discusses the concept of the biorefinery and outlines proven and potential thermal, mechanical, and chemical technologies for conversion of natural resources to industrial applications. The committee also illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased products through existing examples, as well as products still on the drawing board, and it identifies priorities for research and development.

Catalytic Hydrogenation for Biomass Valorization

Catalytic Hydrogenation for Biomass Valorization
  • Author : Roberto Rinaldi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-31
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781849738019
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Summary : The efficient conversion of biomass to value-added products has become a major research area in the pursuit of alternatives to petroleum-based feedstocks; hydrogenation and hydrogenolysis are important tools to achieving this aim. This book presents comprehensive coverage of the different catalysts for these reactions, targeting the efficient conversion of bio-based molecules and biopolymers. The editor, Roberto Rinaldi, is an acknowledged leader in the field of biomass conversion, and has brought together experts from across the globe to examine all aspects of the process, including the solvents, catalysts and feedstocks used in modern biorefineries. Consideration is also given to the fundamentals of running a plant, such as equipment and safety issues. As the biorefinery industry expands to meet the latest discoveries in biomass conversion, this book provides a thorough grounding in the subject and is an essential reference to researchers at the forefront of discovering new products, companies wishing to scale-up biomass conversion, and postgraduate students of sustainable chemistry and chemical engineering.

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology
  • Author : Ashok Pandey,Rainer Höfer,Mohammad Taherzadeh,Madhavan Nampoothiri,Christian Larroche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-08
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9780444634641
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Summary : Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies needed for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular, the development of low-cost technologies. During the last 3-4 years, there have been scientific and technological developments in the area; this book represents the most updated information and technological perspective on the topic. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Provides information on integration of processes for the pretreatment of biomass Designed as a textbook for both graduate students and researchers

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes
  • Author : Pei Li,Yan Wang,Lan-Ying Jiang,Neal Tai-Shung Chung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-09
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9783038977902
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Summary : Through reading this book, you will obtain information on: (1) the main problems in air separation and natural gas treatment by membrane separation and how to solve them; (2) processes involving membranes and new membrane materials for the more economical utilization of bio-resources; (3) energy selection and membrane development for more expedient and stable harnessing of the natural osmosis phenomenon; (4) many excellent contributions about catalytic membrane bioreactors; (5) how to fine-tune the arrangement of aquaporins (i.e., proteins identified in biological cells) to achieve superior water treatment efficiency.

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution
  • Author : Adolfo Iulianelli,Angelo Basile
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-16
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9780857097736
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Summary : Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution reviews recent developments in this key component of the emerging "hydrogen economy," an energy infrastructure based on hydrogen. Since hydrogen can be produced without using fossil fuels, a move to such an economy has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy security. However, such a move also requires the advanced production, storage and usage techniques discussed in this book. Part one introduces the fundamentals of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution, including an overview of the development of the necessary infrastructure, an analysis of the potential environmental benefits, and a review of some important hydrogen production technologies in conventional, bio-based, and nuclear power plants. Part two focuses on hydrogen production from renewable resources, and includes chapters outlining the production of hydrogen through water electrolysis, photocatalysis, and bioengineered algae. Finally, part three covers hydrogen production using inorganic membrane reactors, the storage of hydrogen, fuel cell technology, and the potential of hydrogen as a fuel for transportation. Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution provides a detailed overview of the components and challenges of a hydrogen economy. This book is an invaluable resource for research and development professionals in the energy industry, as well as academics with an interest in this important subject. Reviews developments and research in this dynamic area Discusses the challenges of creating an infrastructure to store and distribute hydrogen Reviews the production of hydrogen using electrolysis and photo-catalytic methods