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Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration
  • Author : Peter Giannoudis,Elena Jones,Xuebin Yang,Dennis Mcgonagle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-20
  • Total pages :70
  • ISBN : 9780124081314
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Summary : This book covers our current understanding of the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and other mesenchymal progenitors in skeletal regeneration, encompassing bone, cartilage and whole joint regeneration. The expansion reflects developments in the field to include data on the use of MSCs in drug development, growth factors, scaffolds and biomechanical manipulations for skeletal trauma and diseases, including osteoporosis and arthritis. Written for an audience of clinicians and young researchers who are exposed to MSCs in their work, this work summarizes recent findings pertaining to the definition and characterization of MSCs in skeletal tissues and discusses the mechanisms of their actions in regeneration of bone in vivo. The authors describe recent findings pertaining to the efficacy of MSC therapies in animal models and in human clinical trials and bring together literature showing that the ways MSCs are extracted, expanded and implanted can considerably affect bone formation outcomes. Finally, it presents the latest knowledge on the nature of native MSCs in skeletal tissues, which provide a platform for novel in situ tissue regeneration approaches for systemic bone disease such as osteoporosis. Focuses specifically on the use of stem cells in skeletal tissue generation for a broad audience of stem cell, cancer, and bone biologists, orthopedists, oncologists, and regenerative medicine specialists Provides a short historical ‘detour’ and foundational information on founding concepts, discoveries and personalities in MSC research Assists a new generation of scientists and clinicians in digesting the multitude of journal articles on the topic by providing easily-absorbed and condensed foundational context

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy
  • Author : Lucas G. Chase,Mohan C Vemuri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-12
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781627032001
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Summary : Over the past decade, significant efforts have been made to develop stem cell-based therapies for difficult to treat diseases. Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells, also referred to as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), appear to hold great promise in regards to a regenerative cell-based therapy for the treatment of these diseases. Currently, more than 200 clinical trials are underway worldwide exploring the use of MSCs for the treatment of a wide range of disorders including bone, cartilage and tendon damage, myocardial infarction, graft-versus-host disease, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, critical limb ischemia and many others. MSCs were first identified by Friendenstein and colleagues as an adherent stromal cell population within the bone marrow with the ability to form clonogenic colonies in vitro. In regards to the basic biology associated with MSCs, there has been tremendous progress towards understanding this cell population’s phenotype and function from a range of tissue sources. Despite enormous progress and an overall increased understanding of MSCs at the molecular and cellular level, several critical questions remain to be answered in regards to the use of these cells in therapeutic applications. Clinically, both autologous and allogenic approaches for the transplantation of MSCs are being explored. Several of the processing steps needed for the clinical application of MSCs, including isolation from various tissues, scalable in vitro expansion, cell banking, dose preparation, quality control parameters, delivery methods and numerous others are being extensively studied. Despite a significant number of ongoing clinical trials, none of the current therapeutic approaches have, at this point, become a standard of care treatment. Although exceptionally promising, the clinical translation of MSC-based therapies is still a work in progress. The extensive number of ongoing clinical trials is expected to provide a clearer path forward for the realization and implementation of MSCs in regenerative medicine. Towards this end, reviews of current clinical trial results and discussions of relevant topics association with the clinical application of MSCs are compiled in this book from some of the leading researchers in this exciting and rapidly advancing field. Although not absolutely all-inclusive, we hope the chapters within this book can promote and enable a better understanding of the translation of MSCs from bench-to-bedside and inspire researchers to further explore this promising and quickly evolving field.

Bone and Cartilage Regeneration

Bone and Cartilage Regeneration
  • Author : Phuc Van Pham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-24
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 9783319401447
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Summary : This invaluable resource discusses clinical applications with effects and side-effects of applications of stem cells in bone and cartilage regeneration. Each chapter is contributed by a pre-eminent scientist in the field and covers such topics as skeletal regeneration by mesenchymal stem cells, clinical improvement of mesenchymal stem cell injection in injured cartilage and osteoarthritis, Good manufacturing practice (GMP), minimal critera of stem cells for clinical applications, future directions of the discussed therapies and much more. Bone & Cartilage Regeneration and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applications series will be invaluable to scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering.

Skeletal Muscle Repair and Regeneration

Skeletal Muscle Repair and Regeneration
  • Author : Stefano Schiaffino,Terence Partridge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-18
  • Total pages :379
  • ISBN : 1402067682
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Summary : Since the middle of the last century we have progressively built up a comprehensive descriptive model of the allied mechanisms that maintain our muscles at a size and strength appropriate to the functional demands upon them and that rapidly repair damaged muscles. This volume is an assemblage of the collective experience from the pick of major research groups investigating these aspects of muscle cell biology. It provides up-to-date coverage and presents a broad range of topics.

Advanced Techniques in Bone Regeneration

Advanced Techniques in Bone Regeneration
  • Author : Alessandro Rozim Zorzi,João Batista de Miranda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9789535125389
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Summary : Advanced Techniques in Bone Regeneration is a book that brings together over 15 chapters, written by leading practitioners and researchers, of the latest advances in the area, including surgical techniques, new discoveries, and promising methods involving biomaterials and tissue engineering. This book is intended for all who work in the treatment of disorders involving problems with the regeneration of bone tissue, are doctors or dentists, as well as are researchers and teachers involved in this exciting field of scientific knowledge.

Principles of Regenerative Medicine

Principles of Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza,James A. Thomson,Robert Nerem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-16
  • Total pages :1202
  • ISBN : 0123814235
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Summary : Virtually any disease that results from malfunctioning, damaged, or failing tissues may be potentially cured through regenerative medicine therapies, by either regenerating the damaged tissues in vivo, or by growing the tissues and organs in vitro and implanting them into the patient. Principles of Regenerative Medicine discusses the latest advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and of developing therapies for previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure. Key for all researchers and instituions in Stem Cell Biology, Bioengineering, and Developmental Biology The first of its kind to offer an advanced understanding of the latest technologies in regenerative medicine New discoveries from leading researchers on restoration of diseased tissues and organs

Progress in Stem Cell Transplantation

Progress in Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Author : Taner Demirer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-02
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9789535122272
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Summary : This book documents the increased amount of stem cell-related research, basic and clinical applications as well as views for the future. The book covers a wide range of issues related to new developments and innovations in cell-based therapies discussed in basic and clinical chapters from authors around the world involved in stem cell studies and research. It thereby complements and extends the basic coverage of stem cells, such as mesenchymal stem cells, effect of stem cells on aging, cover hematopoietic stem cells, storage and cryopreservation, issues related to clinical applications such as haploidentical transplants and use of stem cells for the treatment of Huntingtons disease. Clearly, the treatment of various malignant and nonmalignant diseases depends heavily on stem cells, and this book is well positioned to provide comprehensive coverage of these developments.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases
  • Author : Ahmed H.K. El-Hashash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-07
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 9780128205334
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Summary : Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Human Health and Diseases provides a contemporary overview of the fast-moving field of MSC biology, regenerative medicine and therapeutics. MSCs offer the potential to dramatically reduce human suffering from disease. Numerous MSC-based studies are ongoing each year, each offering hope for novel treatments in human disease. This book provides information on MSC application in well-studied human diseases and tissue repair/regeneration and recent advances in their research and treatment. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in our understanding of MSC biology. Includes insights ranging from MSC biology and development through the derivation and identification and properties of MSCs Helps to identify potential innovative solutions for restoring normal morphogenesis and/or regeneration of diseased organs Discusses the fact-based promise of MSC therapeutics and regenerative medicine in the real world

A Textbook of Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

A Textbook of Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Author : Mohammad Hosein Motamedi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :836
  • ISBN : 9789535125907
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Summary : Advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery encompasses a vast array of diseases, disorders, defects, and deformities as well as injuries of the mouth, head, face, and jaws. It relates not only to treatment of impacted teeth, facial pain, misaligned jaws, facial trauma, oral cancers, jaw cysts, and tumors but also to facial cosmetic surgery and placement of dental and facial implants. This specialty is evolving alongside advancements in technology and instrumentation. Volume 1 has topped 132,000 chapter downloads so far, and Volume 2 is being downloaded at the same pace! Volume 3 is basically the sequel to Volumes 1 and 2; 93 specialists from nine countries contributed to 32 chapters providing comprehensive coverage of advanced topics in OMF surgery.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Mesenchymal Stem Cells
  • Author : Phuc Van Pham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-29
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9789535136156
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Summary : Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Isolation, Characterization, and Applications thoroughly presents the isolation, characterization, and some applications of mesenchymal stem cells in the clinic. The book has two parts: "Isolation and Characterization" and "Clinical Perspectives and Applications." In Part I, the subsequent chapters introduce some techniques in isolation, characterization, and purification of mesenchymal stem cells in different tissues. In Part II, some applications of mesenchymal stem cells in the popular diseases, which include cartilage regeneration, spinal cord injury, and osteoarthritis, are discussed. This book provides a succinct yet comprehensive overview of mesenchymal stem cells for advanced students, graduate students, and researchers.

Muscle Cell and Tissue

Muscle Cell and Tissue
  • Author : Kunihiro Sakuma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-02
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9789535121565
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Summary : In order to complete tissue regeneration, various cells such as neuronal, skeletal, smooth, endothelial, and immune (e.g., macrophage) interact smoothly with each other. This book, Muscle Cells and Tissues, offers a wide range of topics such as stem cells, cell culture, biomaterials, epigenetics, therapeutics, and the creation of tissues and organs. Novel applications for cell and tissue engineering including cell therapy, tissue models, and disease pathology modeling are discussed. The book also deals with the functional role of autophagy in modulating muscle homeostasis and molecular mechanism regulating skeletal muscle mass. The chapters can be interesting for graduate students, postdocs, teachers, physicians, and for executives in biotech and pharmaceutical companies, as well as researchers in the fields of molecular biology and regenerative medicine.

Muscle Regeneration

Muscle Regeneration
  • Author : Alexander Mauro,Richard Bischoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : UOM:39015015064226
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Summary :

Cells and Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine

Cells and Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Daniel Eberli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-26
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9789535117315
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Summary : This book serves as a good starting point for anyone interested in the application of tissue engineering. It offers a colorful mix of topics, which explain the obstacles and possible solutions for TE applications. The first part covers the use of adult stem cells and their applications. The following chapters offer an insight into the development of a tailored biomaterial for organ replacement and highlight the importance of cell-biomaterial interaction. In summary, this book offers insights into a wide variety of cells, biomaterials, interfaces and applications of the next generation biotechnology, which is tissue engineering.

Bone Regeneration and Repair

Bone Regeneration and Repair
  • Author : Jay R. Lieberman,Gary E. Friedlaender
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-27
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9781592598632
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Summary : This collection of articles by leading orthopedic and craniofacial surgeons and researchers comprehensively reviews the biology of bone formation and repair, the basic science of autologous bone graft, allograft, bone substitutes, and growth factors, and explore their clinical application in patients with bone repair problems.

The Growth Plate

The Growth Plate
  • Author : Irving M. Shapiro,Barbara Boyan,H. Clarke Anderson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 1586032402
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Summary : Evidence generated by a number of genetic studies indicates that growth is regulated by a number of genes and that interference with their expression can have catastrophic effects on the well being of the whole organism. This work covers skeletal development and growth.

Resident Stem Cells and Regenerative Therapy

Resident Stem Cells and Regenerative Therapy
  • Author : Regina Coeli dos Santos Goldenberg,Antonio Carlos Campos de Carvalho
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780124160125
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Summary : In the last 3 decades, stem cells have greatly impacted the scientific and lay communities, providing huge advances in the treatment of devastating human diseases, including myocardial infarction, diabetes, muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis, cirrhosis, and osteoporosis. Alongside debates of induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells has been the discovery of adult stem cells in many different tissues. While these organ resident or progenitor stem cells offer prospects to contribute to tissue regeneration, they also present challenges because of the complexity of organ structures. This book will present the main findings to date and the important factors to be considered when considering resident stem cells in regenerative therapies. Chapters on cardiac, brain, neural, liver, kidney, skeletal muscle, bone, pancreatic, skin, and lung resident stem cells will assist in defining the level of success that has been achieved and the direction for the road ahead. With contributions from leading laboratories, open questions related to resident stem cells and regenerative therapies will also be presented for debate. Highlights basic research in tissue specific stem cells, experiments with animal models and clinical trials that are transforming the field of regeneration Provides a clear understanding of endogenous stem cells, their role in current regenerative therapies, and prospects for future research Reports on the main-stream clinical approaches and in vivo experiments published in primary literature to help categorizes the advances in various aspects of regenerative therapy and illustrate opportunities for clinical applications

Stem Cells and Bone Tissue

Stem Cells and Bone Tissue
  • Author : Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Vinood Patel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-23
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9781466578425
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Summary : Stem cells potentially offer a novel therapeutic platform to treat bone disease. They also help the scientist understand the molecular and cellular aetiology of bone disorders. Gaining knowledge on the nature and application of stem cell sciences is a prerequisite for understanding their potential in treating or preventing bone disorders. Stem Cells and Bone Tissue is designed to address these areas in three sections: Introductory Text and Sources of Stem Cells for Skeletal Tissue Cellular and Molecular Aspects Conditions, Applications, Treatments and Repairs Coverage includes general aspects of stems cells, sources of stems cells, isolation and purification, applications in regeneration, nanoscale topography, myostatin (GDF-8) signalling, c-Jun, Lnk, cell-derived Factor 1/CXCR4, chromatin remodelling, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, hypophosphatasia, osteopetrosis, osteogenesis, and many other areas of merit too numerous to mention.

Stromal Cells

Stromal Cells
  • Author : Mani T. Valarmathi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-23
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781789849844
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Summary : Stromal cells are connective tissue cells of any organ, and they support the function of the parenchymal cells of that particular organ. Stromal/stromal stem cells are fundamentally a heterogeneous population of cells with contradictory differentiation potential depending upon their environmental niche. Stromal cell biology is not only intriguing, but equally stromal cell ontogeny in vivo remains challenging. In recent years there has been substantial advances in our understanding of stromal cell biology, especially stromal cell isolation, characterization, differentiation, and interactions in physiological (epithelial-stromal interactions) as well as pathophysiological (stromal-cancer interactions) contexts. In addition, stromal cells are also utilized more and more as a therapeutic tool not only in the field of gene therapy but also in the translational field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Therefore, the goal of this book is to consolidate the recent advances in the area of stromal/stromal stem cell biology covering a broad range of interrelated topics in a timely fashion and to disseminate that knowledge in a lucid way to a greater scientific audience. This book will prove highly useful for students, researchers, and clinicians in stem cell biology, developmental biology, cancer biology, pathology, oncology, as well as tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This quick reference will benefit anyone desiring a thorough overview of stromal cell structure, function, and its therapeutic implications.

Tissue Regeneration

Tissue Regeneration
  • Author : Hussein Abdelhay Essayed Kaoud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-06
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9781789232608
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Summary : Tissue regeneration is a vast subject, with many different important aspects to consider. Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that tries to change the course of chronic diseases and, in many cases, regenerates the organ systems that fail due to age, disease, damage, or genetic defects. The main purpose of this book is to point out the interest of some important topics of tissue regeneration and the progress in this field as well as the variety of different surgical fields and operations. This book includes 7 sections and 11 chapters that provide an overview of the essentials in tissue regeneration science and their potential applications in surgery. The authors of each chapter have given consolidated information on ground realities and attempted to provide a comprehensive knowledge of tissue engineering and regeneration. This book will be useful to researchers and students of biological and biomedical sciences (medical and veterinarian researchers).

A Roadmap to Nonhematopoietic Stem Cell-Based Therapeutics

A Roadmap to Nonhematopoietic Stem Cell-Based Therapeutics
  • Author : Xiao-Dong Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-31
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780128119211
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Summary : A Roadmap to Non-hematopoietic Stem Cell-Based Therapeutics: From the Bench to the Clinic is a resource that provides an overview of the principles of stem cell therapy, the promises and challenges of using stem cells for treating various clinical conditions, and future perspectives. The overall goal is to facilitate the translation of basic research on stem cells to clinical applications. The properties of stem cells from various sources are reviewed and the advantages and disadvantages of each for clinical use are discussed. Modifying stem cell properties through preconditioning strategies using physical, chemical, genetic, and molecular manipulation to improve cell survival, increase cell differentiation potential, enhance production of paracrine factors, and facilitate homing to the site of injury or disease upon transplantation are reviewed. Various routes of stem cell administration and dosing, and the duration of effects, are explored. Individual chapters are written by experts in the field and focus on the use of stem cells in treating various degenerative diseases, autoimmune diseases, wound healing, cardiovascular disease, spinal cord injury, oral and dental diseases, and skeletal disorders. Finally, experts in the regulatory arena discuss mechanisms used in different countries for approving the use of stem cells to treat diseases and many common issues that are typically encountered while seeking approval for this class of therapeutic agent. Offers advanced students, as well as new researchers, an overview of the principles of stem cell therapy Discusses a wide array of pressing clinical issues with stem cell-based therapies so that new ideas in the laboratory can be efficiently translated to the clinic through better designed clinical trials Helps clarify current regulatory mechanisms so that the safe use of stem cells for treating a variety of diseases can move forward Fosters cross-disciplinary dialogue between research scientists and physicians to accelerate the safe implementation of efficacious cell therapies

Stem Cells in Craniofacial Development and Regeneration

Stem Cells in Craniofacial Development and Regeneration
  • Author : George T.J. Huang,Irma Thesleff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-15
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9781118498118
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Summary : Stem Cells, Craniofacial Development and Regeneration is anintroduction to stem cells with an emphasis on their role incraniofacial development. Divided into five sections, chaptersbuild from basic introductory information on the definition andcharacteristics of stem cells to more indepth explorations oftheir role in craniofacial development. Section I covers embryonicand adult stem cells with a focus on the craniofacial region, whilesections II-IV cover the development and regeneration ofcraniofacial bone, tooth, temporomandibular joint, salivary glandsand muscle. Concluding chapters describe the current, cutting-edgeresearch utilizing stem cells for craniofacial tissuebioengineering to treat lost or damaged tissue. The authoritative resource for dentistry students as well ascraniofacial researchers at the graduate and post-graduate level,Stem Cells, Craniofacial Development and Regenerationexplores the rapidly expanding field of stem cells and regenerationfrom the perspective of the dentistry and craniofacial community,and points the way forward in areas of tissue bioengineering andcraniofacial stem cell therapies.