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Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A Pielke Sr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780123852380
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Summary : The 3rd edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling is a fully revised resource for researchers and practitioners in the growing field of meteorological modeling at the mesoscale. Pielke has enhanced the new edition by quantifying model capability (uncertainty) by a detailed evaluation of the assumptions of parameterization and error propagation. Mesoscale models are applied in a wide variety of studies, including weather prediction, regional and local climate assessments, and air pollution investigations. Broad expansion of the concepts of parameterization and parameterization methodology Addition of new modeling approaches, including modeling summaries and summaries of data sets All-new section on dynamic downscaling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-12-11
  • Total pages :676
  • ISBN : 9780080491820
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Summary : The second edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling is a fully revised resource for researchers and practitioners in the growing field of meteorological modeling at the mesoscale. Pielke has enhanced the new edition by quantifying model capability (uncertainty) by a detailed evaluation of the assumptions of parameterization and error propagation. Mesoscale models are applied in a wide variety of studies, including weather prediction, regional and local climate assessments, and air pollution investigations.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056950
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Summary : This chapter provides a framework to assess the quantitative accuracy of numerical computational tools that are used to model advection, subgrid-scale fluxes, the pressure gradient force, and the Coriolis effect. Exact solutions are presented for linear forms of these terms. Nonlinear effects are also discussed including the concept of aliasing in which information is transferred between spatial scales. Among the results, it is shown that two grid increments are required to minimally resolve a modeled field with at least four increments in each spatial direction (and probably more) required to adequately resolve the modeled variables.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056943
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Summary : This chapter presents a new approach to parameterize physical processes in atmospheric models. Referred to as a “look-up table” (LUT) approach, it catalogs them into LUTs used within traditional parameterizations, to replace traditional parameterizations, and for the integrated parameterized effects that result in diabatic heating and cooling and other physical processes.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056998
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Summary : This chapter reports on the spatial scale of mesoscale systems, and then presents examples of mesoscale atmospheric systems. They are classed into two types, terrain- and physiographically-induced mesoscale systems, and mesoscale systems primarily forced through lateral boundaries or from internal atmospheric instabilities. Mesoscale model studies of Mars, Titan, and Venus are also introduced. The different types of dynamic downscaling to the regional and mesoscale from global models and reanalyses are presented. The use of mesoscale models to assess air quality is discussed.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056974
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Summary : This chapter shows how comparisons with analytic, other numerical models, different model approximations, and observations can be used to assess the robustness of the model calculations. Also, for this purpose, model budgets for mass, energy and momentum are shown to be essential tests of model skill. The tank model is used to illustrate how these budgets can be applied for assessing the accuracy in the computation of the mass and energy budgets.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056967
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Summary : This chapter discusses how the domain size and dimensions of the model grid are established. This includes information on the format of the grid used. Stretched grids and nested grids are introduced. Initial and lateral boundary conditions are presented. Bottom boundary conditions are discussed in detail.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056981
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Summary : This chapter discusses principles and applications of satellite simulators to mesoscale meteorological modeling. The principle and mathematical foundations of satellite simulators are presented. This includes brief overviews of satellite orbit, radiative transfer, and single-scattering theories for passive and active sensors, and sensor scanning and antenna gain function. Various applications of satellite simulators are followed, ranging from model evaluation, data assimilation, and supporting future satellite missions.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056912
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Summary : This chapter discusses physical and analytical modeling. The study of realistic wind tunnel simulations of mesoscale atmospheric flows is presented. External and internal gravity waves when a vertical density discontinuity occurs are derived for idealized tank models. Internal gravity waves, sound waves, and inertial waves are derived for a continuously stratified atmosphere. The validity of the hydrostatic approximation is examined quantitatively using a sea-breeze model. The role of compressibility is discussed.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056905
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Summary : This chapter introduces the grid-volume average which is a space-time integration over the grid increments used in modeling. Among the terms resulting are subgrid-scale correlation terms.

Mesoscale Meteorology and Forecasting

Mesoscale Meteorology and Forecasting
  • Author : Peter Ray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-30
  • Total pages :793
  • ISBN : 9781935704201
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Summary : This book is a collection of selected lectures presented at the ‘Intensive Course on Mesoscale Meteorology and Forecasting’ in Boulder, USA, in 1984. It includes mesoscale classifications, observing techniques and systems, internally generated circulations, mesoscale convective systems, externally forced circulations, modeling and short-range forecasting techniques. This is a highly illustrated book and comprehensive work, including extensive bibliographic references. It is aimed at graduates in meteorology and for professionals working in the field.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056882
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Summary : The foundation for any model is a set of conservation principles. For mesoscale atmospheric models, these principles are conservation of mass, conservation of heat, conservation of motion, conservation of water, the conservation of other gaseous and aerosol materials, and an equation of state.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056936
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Summary : This chapter presents an overview of traditional parameterizations of subgrid-scale flux divergence, long- and shortwave radiative flux divergence, and diabatic heating, precipitation and flux divergence from stable and cumuliform clouds.

Mesoscale Meteorology - Theories, Observations and Models

Mesoscale Meteorology - Theories, Observations and Models
  • Author : D.K. Lilly,Tzvi Gal-Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :781
  • ISBN : 9789401722414
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Summary : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Bonas, France, July 13-31, 1982

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056929
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Summary : This chapter presents the mathematical methodology of using tensors to transform a Cartesian coordinate system to other types of coordinate systems. The emphasis is on the development of generalized vertical coordinate systems including those based on pressure, potential temperature, and terrain-following. Specific examples of how the coordinate system can facilitate improved understanding of atmospheric flows is presented.

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
  • Author : Roger A. Pielke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9780128056899
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Summary : This chapter discusses how the fundamental conservation equations can be simplified using scale analysis. These simplifications can result in the conversion of a prognostic conservation equation to a diagnostic equation. Such simplifications are used, for example, to create the replacement of the vertical equation-of-motion with the hydrostatic, and the replacement of the prognostic equation for mass with the anelastic and incompressible so-called “continuity” equations.

Mesoscale Modelling for Meteorological and Air Pollution Applications

Mesoscale Modelling for Meteorological and Air Pollution Applications
  • Author : Ranjeet S. Sokhi,Alexander Baklanov,K. Heinke Schlünzen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781783088270
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Summary : ‘Mesoscale Modelling for Meteorological and Air Pollution Applications’ combines the fundamental and practical aspects of mesoscale air pollution and meteorological modelling. Providing an overview of the fundamental concepts of air pollution and meteorological modelling, including parameterization of key atmospheric processes, the book also considers equally important aspects such as model integration, evaluation concepts, performance evaluation, policy relevance and user training.

Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Ocean from Space: Models, Instruments and Techniques

Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Ocean from Space: Models, Instruments and Techniques
  • Author : Frank S. Marzano,Guido Visconti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-11
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780306481505
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Summary : This book is a collection of the lectures, held at the International Summer School ISSAOS-2000 in L'Aquila (Italy), given by invited lecturers coming from both Europe and the USA. The goal of the book is to provide a broad panorama of spaceborne remote sensing techniques, at both microwave and visible-infrared bands and by both active and passive sensors, for the retrieval of atmospheric and oceanic parameters. A significant emphasis is given to the physical modeling background, instrument potential and limitations, inversion methods and applications. Topics on international remote sensing programs and assimilation techniques into numerical weather forecast models are also touched. The main purpose of the book is to offer to young scientists, Ph.D. or equivalent students, and to all who would like to have a broad-spectrum understanding of spaceborne remote sensing capabilities, introductory material to each remote sensing topic written by the most qualified experts in the field.

Mesoscale Meteorology in Midlatitudes

Mesoscale Meteorology in Midlatitudes
  • Author : Paul Markowski,Yvette Richardson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-20
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781119966678
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Summary : Mesoscale Meteorology in Mid-Latitudes presents the dynamics of mesoscale meteorological phenomena in a highly accessible, student-friendly manner. The book's clear mathematical treatments are complemented by high-quality photographs and illustrations. Comprehensive coverage of subjects including boundary layer mesoscale phenomena, orographic phenomena and deep convection is brought together with the latest developments in the field to provide an invaluable resource for mesoscale meteorology students. Mesoscale Meteorology in Mid-Latitudes functions as a comprehensive, easy-to-use undergraduate textbook while also providing a useful reference for graduate students, research scientists and weather industry professionals. Illustrated in full colour throughout Covers the latest developments and research in the field Comprehensive coverage of deep convection and its initiation Uses real life examples of phenomena taken from broad geographical areas to demonstrate the practical aspects of the science

Numerical Accuracy in a Mesoscale Meteorological Model

Numerical Accuracy in a Mesoscale Meteorological Model
  • Author : Charles Lewis Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : OCLC:7683988
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Summary :

Air Pollution Modeling

Air Pollution Modeling
  • Author : P. Zannetti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9781475744651
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Summary : Finishing this book is giving me a mixture of relief, satisfaction and frus tration. Relief, for the completion of a project that has taken too many of my evenings and weekends and that, in the last several months, has become almost an obsession. Satisfaction, for the optimistic feeling that this book, in spite of its many shortcomings and imbalances, will be of some help to the air pollution scientific community. Frustration, for the impossibility of incorporating newly available material that would require another major review of several key chap ters - an effort that is currently beyond my energies but not beyond my desires. The first canovaccio of this book came out in 1980 when I was invited by Computational Mechanics in the United Kingdom to give my first Air Pollution Modeling course. The course material, in the form of transparencies, expanded, year after year, thus providing a growing working basis. In 1985, the ECC Joint Research Center in Ispra, Italy, asked me to prepare a critical survey of mathe matical models of atmospheric pollution, transport and deposition. This support gave me the opportunity to prepare a sort of "first draft" of the book, which I expanded in the following years.