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Microbial Glycobiology

Microbial Glycobiology
  • Author : Anthony P Moran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-01
  • Total pages :1036
  • ISBN : 0080923240
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Summary : This book presents in an easy-to-read format a summary of the important central aspects of microbial glycobiology, i.e. the study of carbohydrates as related to the biology of microorganisms. Microbial glycobiology represents a multidisciplinary and emerging area with implications for a range of basic and applied research fields, as well as having industrial, medical and biotechnological implications. Individual chapters provided by leading international scientists in the field yield insightful, concise and stimulating reviews Provides researchers with an overview and synthesis of the latest research Each chapter begins with a brief 200 word Summary/Abstract detailing the topic and focus of the chapter, as well as the concepts to be addressed Allows researchers to see at a glance what each chapter will cover Each chapter includes a Research Focus Box Identifies important problems that still need to be solved and areas that require further investigation

Essentials of Glycobiology

Essentials of Glycobiology
  • Author : Ajit Varki,Maarten J. Chrispeels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :653
  • ISBN : 0879696818
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Summary : Sugar chains (glycans) are often attached to proteins and lipids and have multiple roles in the organization and function of all organisms. "Essentials of Glycobiology" describes their biogenesis and function and offers a useful gateway to the understanding of glycans.

Marine Glycobiology

Marine Glycobiology
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-14
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9781498709620
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Summary : Marine glycobiology is an emerging and exciting area in the field of science and medicine. Glycobiology, the study of the structure and function of carbohydrates and carbohydrate-containing molecules, is fundamental to all biological systems and represents a developing field of science that has made huge advances in the last half-century. This book revolutionizes the concept of marine glycobiology, focusing on the latest principles and applications of marine glycobiology and their relationships.

Can J Microbiol

Can J Microbiol
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P011533980
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Summary :

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Y.V. Nancharaiah,Vayalam P. Venugopalan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-18
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781351857321
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Summary : Biofilms represent the natural living style of microbial communities and play a pivotal role in biogeochemical cycles and natural attenuation. Biofilms can be engineered for biodegradation and biotransformation of organic and inorganic contaminants, for both in situ bioremediation and ex situ treatment in bioreactors. This book focuses on microbial biofilms and their potential technological applications for sustainable development. It covers recent advances in biofilm technologies for contaminant remediation coupled to recovery of resources and serves as a complete reference on the science and technology behind biofilm mediated bioremediation and wastewater treatment.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
  • Author : Arthur James Wells
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105211722678
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Summary :

The Neonatal Immune System: A Unique Host-Microbial Interface

The Neonatal Immune System: A Unique Host-Microbial Interface
  • Author : Joseph M. Bliss,James L. Wynn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-25
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889454037
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Summary : Emerging from the protective environment of the uterus, the newborn is exposed to a myriad of microbes, and quickly establishes a complex microbiome that shapes the infant’s biology in ways that are only now beginning to come to light. Among these exposures are a number of potential pathogens. The host responses to these pathogens in the neonatal period are unique, reflecting a developing immune system even with delivery at term. Preterm infants are delivered at a time when host defense mechanisms are even less developed and therefore face additional risk. As such, the organisms that cause disease in this period are different from the pathogens that are common in other age groups, or the disease they cause manifests in more severe fashion. Developmental alterations in both innate and adaptive immune responses in neonates have been documented among many cell types and pathways over the last several decades. Contemporary insights into the human immune system and methodologies that allow an “omics” approach to these questions have continued to provide new information regarding the mechanisms that underlie the human neonate as an “immunocompromised host.” This Research Topic highlights studies related to this unique host-pathogen interface. Contributions include those related to the innate or adaptive immune system of neonates, their response to microbial colonization or infection, and/or the pathogenesis of microbes causing disease in neonates.

The Enzymes

The Enzymes
  • Author : Paul D. Boyer,Edwin G. Krebs,D. S. Sigman,Fuyuhiko Tamanoi,Ross E. Dalbey,Steven G. Clarke,Carla M. Koehler,Anant Kumar Menon,Michael N. Hall,Christine A. Hrycyna,Martin O. Bergo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :459
  • ISBN : UOM:39015080743811
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Summary : Conteúdo: Structure and control.

Glycobiology and Human Diseases

Glycobiology and Human Diseases
  • Author : Gherman Wiederschain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-22
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9781498709194
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Summary : This book discusses glycobiology and various forms of human diseases. Topics covered include immunoglobulins, inflammation and glycosylation, the role and therapeutic significance of natural anti-glycan antibodies in malignancies and in normal and aberrant pregnancy, identifying urinary glycans as a possible method for the diagnosis of lysosomal storage diseases, glycobiology of human milk (biological roles and diseases) and pectins as biological modulators of human physiological reactions. The book includes analysis of comprehensive data and some productive conclusions and perspectives.

Comprehensive Glycoscience

Comprehensive Glycoscience
  • Author : G.-J. Boons,Y. C. Lee,A. Suzuki,N. Taniguchi,A.G.J. Voragen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-21
  • Total pages :3600
  • ISBN : 044452746X
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Summary : Carbohydrates are an important part of life and are present in bacteria, fungi, viruses, yeast, plants, animals and humans. The rapid expansion of chemistry and glycobiology over the last few years has provided many new, imaginative and efficient techniques which provide further insight into the structures and biological interactions of carbohydrates and glycostructures. Comprehensive Glycoscience has a very broad scope and will appeal to a wide audience as it explores the interactions between biology, chemistry and molecular biology towards understanding, synthesising and developing glycoproteins, glycolipids, proteoglyans and polysaccharides, which are important molecules in nature for controlling health and disease and food and feed. Glycocompounds reviewed include: oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, glycoconjugates, lectins, cellulose, pectins and starch. Topics covered include: spectroscopy, nomenclature, structures, synthesis, biosynthesis, molecular interactions, degradation, biochemistry, glycobiology, glycotherapeutics and diseases. Combines multiple aspects of glycoscience in one comprehensive work Documents the new and rapid expansion of carbohydrate chemistry and glycobiology over the last few years Highlights the many new, imaginative and efficient techniques for providing insights into carbohydrates and glycostructures

International Congress Calendar

International Congress Calendar
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015078241406
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Summary :

Glycobiology Protocols

Glycobiology Protocols
  • Author : Inka Brockhausen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :381
  • ISBN : 9781597451673
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Summary : The protocols in this volume contain specific methods for the analysis of the structures or functions of glycoconjugates, as well as of glycosyltransferases and glycosidases involved in the biosynthesis of glycans. The methods described for a specific system can usually be modified for investigations of similar biomolecules and tissues or cell types.

Microbial Extracellular Polymeric Substances

Microbial Extracellular Polymeric Substances
  • Author : Jost Wingender,Thomas R. Neu,Hans-Curt Flemming
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9783642601477
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Summary : Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are the key components for the aggregation of microorganisms in biofilms, flocs and sludge. They are composed of polysaccharides, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and other biological macromolecules. EPS provide a highly hydrated gel matrix in which microbial cells can establish stable synergistic consortia. Cohesion and adhesion as well as morphology, structure, biological function and other properties such as mechanical stability, diffusion, sorption and optical properties of microbial aggregates are determined by the EPS matrix. Also, the protection of biofilm organisms against biocides is attributed to the EPS. Their matrix allows phase separation in biofiltration and is also important for the degradation of particulate material which is of great importance for the self purification processes in surface waters and for waste water treatment.

Bibliography of Agriculture

Bibliography of Agriculture
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015055285046
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Summary :

Campylobacter

Campylobacter
  • Author : Irving Nachamkin,Christine M. Szymanski,Martin J. Blaser
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :716
  • ISBN : 1555814379
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Summary : The understanding of clinical aspects, epidemiology, pathogenesis, genomic diversity, and glycobiology of Campylobacter infection has greatly increased. Organized into six sections with thirty-eight chapters, this volume begins with chapters detailing the campylobacter organism.

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure and Dynamics

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure and Dynamics
  • Author : Tobias Dörr,Partick J. Moynihan,Christoph Mayer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-27
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889631520
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Summary : Bacterial cells are encased in a cell wall, which is required to maintain cell shape and to confer physical strength to the cell. The cell wall allows bacteria to cope with osmotic and environmental challenges and to secure cell integrity during all stages of bacterial growth and propagation, and thus has to be sufficiently rigid. Moreover, to accommodate growth processes, the cell wall at the same time has to be a highly dynamic structure: During cell enlargement, division, and differentiation, bacteria continuously remodel, degrade, and resynthesize their cell wall, but pivotally need to assure cell integrity during these processes. Finally, the cell wall is also adjusted according to both environmental constraints and metabolic requirements. However, how exactly this is achieved is not fully understood. The major structural component of the bacterial cell wall is peptidoglycan (PG), a mesh-like polymer of glycan chains interlinked by short-chain peptides, constituting a net-like macromolecular structure that has historically also termed murein or murein sacculus. Although the basic structure of PG is conserved among bacteria, considerable variations occur regarding cross-bridging, modifications, and attachments. Moreover, different structural arrangements of the cell envelope exist within bacteria: a thin PG layer sandwiched between an inner and outer membrane is present in Gram-negative bacteria, and a thick PG layer decorated with secondary glycopolymers including teichoic acids, is present in Gram-positive bacteria. Furthermore, even more complex envelope structures exist, such as those found in mycobacteria. Crucially, all bacteria possess a multitude of often redundant lytic enzymes, termed “autolysins”, and other cell wall modifying and synthesizing enzymes, allowing to degrade and rebuild the various structures covering the cells. However, how cell wall turnover and cell wall biosynthesis are coordinated during different stages of bacterial growth is currently unclear. The mechanisms that prevent cell lysis during these processes are also unclear. This Research Topic focuses on the dynamics of the bacterial cell wall, its modifications, and structural rearrangements during cell growth and differentiation. It pays particular attention to the turnover of PG, its breakdown and recycling, as well as the regulation of these processes. Other structures, for example, secondary polymers such as teichoic acids, which are dynamically changed during bacterial growth and differentiation, are also covered. In recent years, our view on the bacterial cell envelope has undergone a dramatic change that challenged old models of cell wall structure, biosynthesis, and turnover. This collection of articles aims to contribute to new understandings of bacterial cell wall structure and dynamics.

Glycoproteins II

Glycoproteins II
  • Author : J. Montreuil,J.F.G. Vliegenthart,H. Schachter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-12-08
  • Total pages :651
  • ISBN : 0080860907
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Summary : Part II of this excellent work covers proteoglycans and mucins and deals with many more examples of glycoprotein function. It also covers glycoproteins from four more species (slime mold, snails, fish, batracians). The content of the volume is very comprehensive in that most contributors are focussed on discussing, in depth, the wealth of most recent advances in their field, referring to previous reviews of older work for background information. This method effectively produces a very wide subject coverage in a smaller number of chapters/volumes. The volume is an important information source for all glycobiologist researchers (senior investigators, post-doctoral fellows and graduate students), and as a good, comprehensive, reference text for scientists working in the life sciences.

The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine

The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine
  • Author : Uri Galili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-05
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780128133637
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Summary : The Natural Anti-Gal Antibody as Foe Turned Friend in Medicine provides a comprehensive review of the natural anti-Gal antibody, which is the most abundant antibody in humans constituting ~1% of immunoglobulins and the carbohydrate antigen it recognizes, the α-gal epitope. It discusses the discovery of this antigen/antibody system, its evolution in mammals, the pathological effects of this antibody, and its possible use in various therapies in humans. Most significantly, the book discusses microbial and regenerative therapies in which an antibody present in all humans may be harnessed as an in vivo pharmaceutical agent that enables a wide variety of therapies. Some of these therapies are described as experimental studies that are compiled in this book, other already studied therapies in the area of cancer immunotherapy are also included in this book. Provides tactics on how to improve cancer immunotherapy and viral vaccine immunogenicity Includes discussions on therapies that accelerate the healing of normal and chronic wounds, and of burns Covers the regeneration of bio-implants

Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery

Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery
  • Author : Jesus Jimenez-Barbero,F. Javier Canada,Sonsoles Martin-Santamaria
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-30
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781849739993
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Summary : In recent years there has been increasing evidence of the importance of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates in biomedical applications, and the use of synthetic ligands based on carbohydrates as drugs has received much attention. Focussing on drug discovery from key targets and placing an emphasis on the multi-disciplinary approaches necessary to challenge these issues, this book comprehensively covers the new and recent discoveries in the area of carbohydrate drug discovery. Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery is split into five sections, beginning with a introduction and perspective on the current market. The book then goes on to discuss new synthetic methods in glycobiology, the use of glycobiology in chemical biology and glycobiology in drug discovery. Providing a worldwide perspective on this broad area, and providing examples of therapeutics already developed using these methods, this book provides a comprehensive introduction, discussion and update on this fast developing field for medicinal chemists and biochemists working in industry and academia.

Polysaccharides in Medicinal Applications

Polysaccharides in Medicinal Applications
  • Author : Severian Dumitriu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-19
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9781351423410
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Summary : Integrates the latest advances in polysaccharide chemistry and structure analysis, with the practical applications of polysaccharides in medicine and pharmacy, highlighting the role of glycoconjugates in basic biological processes and immunology. It also presents recent developments in glycobiology and glycopathology. The work covers bacterial, fungal and cell-wall polysaccharides, microbial and bacterial exopolysaccharides, industrial gums, the biosynthesis of bacterial polysaccharides, and the production of microbial polysaccharides.

Microbial Growth in Biofilms

Microbial Growth in Biofilms
  • Author : Ronald J. Doyle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UVA:X004539387
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Summary :