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Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology
  • Author : Jay Shankar Singh,Shobhit Raj Vimal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-21
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780128204276
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Summary : Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities
  • Author : Christon J. Hurst
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-27
  • Total pages :405
  • ISBN : 9783030107772
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Summary : This book presents a summary of terrestrial microbial processes, which are a key factor in supporting healthy life on our planet. The authors explain how microorganisms maintain the soil ecosystem through recycling carbon and nitrogen and then provide insights into how soil microbiology processes integrate into ecosystem science, helping to achieve successful bioremediation as well as safe and effective operation of landfills, and enabling the design of composting processes that reduce the amount of waste that is placed in landfills. The book also explores the effect of human land use, including restoration on soil microbial communities and the response of wetland microbial communities to anthropogenic pollutants. Lastly it discusses the role of fungi in causing damaging, and often lethal, infectious diseases in plants and animals.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
  • Author : Jay Shankar Singh,DP Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-29
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN : 9780444642813
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Summary : New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biotechnology in Agro-environmental Sustainability describes, in detail, the various roles of microbial resources in the management of crop diseases and how microbes can be used as a source of income for biomass and bioenergy production. In addition, the book covers microbial inoculants as bio-fertilizers to enhance crop productivity, along with degraded land restoration. Users will find the latest information in the field of microbial biotechnology and its further applications in bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, its generation as an alternative source of energy, restoration degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and more. Describes microbial biotechnology and its applications in sustainable agriculture Provides information on the use of a variety of microbes for crop production Outlines microbe-based separation techniques for the removal of metal contaminants from soil Describes the role of microbial agents in the generation of alternative sources of energy Includes microbial tools and technologies for the restoration of degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and the bioremediation of polluted sites

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services
  • Author : Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Wim H. van der Putten,Donald R. Strong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-18
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780199688166
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Summary : This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services. This is a valuable reference book for academic libraries and professional ecologists worldwide as a statement of progress in the broad field of soil ecology. It will also be of interest to both upper level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in soil ecology, as well as academic researchers and professionals in the field requiring an authoritative, balanced, and up-to-date overview of this fast expanding topic.

Principles and Guidelines for Ecological Restoration in Canada's Protected Natural Areas

Principles and Guidelines for Ecological Restoration in Canada's Protected Natural Areas
  • Author : Canadian Parks Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :99
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112075777109
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Summary :

Unravelling the Soil Microbiome

Unravelling the Soil Microbiome
  • Author : Rama Kant Dubey,Vishal Tripathi,Ratna Prabha,Rajan Chaurasia,Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Ch. Srinivasa Rao,Ali El-Keblawy,Purushothaman Chirakkuzhyil Abhilash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-24
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : 9783030155162
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Summary : This book explores the significance of soil microbial diversity to understand its utility in soil functions, ecosystem services, environmental sustainability, and achieving the sustainable development goals. With a focus on agriculture and environment, the book highlights the importance of the microbial world by providing state-of-the-art technologies for examining the structural and functional attributes of soil microbial diversity for applications in healthcare, industrial biotechnology, and bioremediation studies. In seven chapters, the book will act as a primer for students, environmental biotechnologists, microbial ecologists, plant scientists, and agricultural microbiologists. Chapter 1 introduces readers to the soil microbiome, and chapter 2 discusses the below ground microbial world. Chapter 3 addresses various methods for exploring microbial diversity, chapter 4 discusses the genomics methods, chapter 5 provides the metaproteomics and metatranscriptomics approaches and chapter 6 details the bioinformatics tools for soil microbial community analysis, and chapter 7 concludes the text with future perspectives on further soil microbial uses and applications.

Foundations of Restoration Ecology

Foundations of Restoration Ecology
  • Author : Margaret A. Palmer,Joy B. Zedler,Donald A. Falk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11
  • Total pages :577
  • ISBN : 9781610916974
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Summary : "Society for Ecological Restoration"--Cover.

Microbial Evolution and Co-Adaptation

Microbial Evolution and Co-Adaptation
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-10
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780309131216
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Summary : Dr. Joshua Lederberg - scientist, Nobel laureate, visionary thinker, and friend of the Forum on Microbial Threats - died on February 2, 2008. It was in his honor that the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop on May 20-21, 2008, to examine Dr. Lederberg's scientific and policy contributions to the marketplace of ideas in the life sciences, medicine, and public policy. The resulting workshop summary, Microbial Evolution and Co-Adaptation, demonstrates the extent to which conceptual and technological developments have, within a few short years, advanced our collective understanding of the microbiome, microbial genetics, microbial communities, and microbe-host-environment interactions.

Oxford Bibliographies

Oxford Bibliographies
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:949776769
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Summary :

Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems: Interactions and Assessment Methods

Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems: Interactions and Assessment Methods
  • Author : Toshiyuki Takahashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-10
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9789811437236
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Summary : Marine ecosystems offer several benefits to human communities. To make sustainable use of these benefits, it is necessary to elucidate and conserve marine ecology, and strive to maintain a sustainable natural resource management program. For this reason, understanding the diversity and behavior of both macro-ecosystems and micro-ecosystems are crucial. Monitoring Artificial Materials and Microbes in Marine Ecosystems explores microbial roles and their interaction with artificial materials in marine environments. After starting with simple topics for beginners, chapters explore methods to detect microorganisms in marine ecosystems and interactions of marine organisms with artificial materials. The sequential progression into advanced topics makes it easier to understand how to solve the reduction in marine-ecosystem viability caused by adverse events. Readers are provided with useful information for rehabilitating marine environments to make them sustainable for communities. Topics are covered in 3 parts: Part 1 is an introductory guide to marine ecosystems and environmental monitoring assessment. Readers are introduced to coral reef ecosystems, algal blooms and the role of environmental monitoring services in maintaining and restoring the quality of marine environments. This is followed by examples of sustainable marine environment assessment.Part 2 provides information about methods to detect microorganisms (viruses and bacteria) and evaluate marine environments. This includes sample enrichment methods, electrochemical analysis, and single cell imaging techniques. The highly sensitive and specific techniques presented in the book, are applicable in a wide variety of situations.Part 3 is dedicated to interactions between artificial metallic materials and microorganisms in marine environments. Chapters in this section share results from several experiments conducted to separate microorganisms and biofilms from such environments. This book is intended primarily for marine ecologists, microbiologists, environmental engineers, and engineers associated with industrial projects. This book is also useful as a text for undergraduate and graduate level courses in marine biology, ecology, and microbiology.

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon-252 Oil Spill on Ecosystem Services in the Gulf of Mexico
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-20
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9780309288484
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Summary : As the Gulf of Mexico recovers from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, natural resource managers face the challenge of understanding the impacts of the spill and setting priorities for restoration work. The full value of losses resulting from the spill cannot be captured, however, without consideration of changes in ecosystem services--the benefits delivered to society through natural processes. An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico discusses the benefits and challenges associated with using an ecosystem services approach to damage assessment, describing potential impacts of response technologies, exploring the role of resilience, and offering suggestions for areas of future research. This report illustrates how this approach might be applied to coastal wetlands, fisheries, marine mammals, and the deep sea -- each of which provide key ecosystem services in the Gulf -- and identifies substantial differences among these case studies. The report also discusses the suite of technologies used in the spill response, including burning, skimming, and chemical dispersants, and their possible long-term impacts on ecosystem services.

Microbial Ecology

Microbial Ecology
  • Author : Larry L. Barton,Diana E. Northup
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-14
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781118015834
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Summary : This book covers the ecological activities of microbes in the biosphere with an emphasis on microbial interactions within their environments and communities In thirteen concise and timely chapters, Microbial Ecology presents a broad overview of this rapidly growing field, explaining the basic principles in an easy-to-follow manner. Using an integrative approach, it comprehensively covers traditional issues in ecology as well as cutting-edge content at the intersection of ecology, microbiology, environmental science and engineering, and molecular biology. Examining the microbial characteristics that enable microbes to grow in different environments, the book provides insights into relevant methodologies for characterization of microorganisms in the environment. The authors draw upon their extensive experience in teaching microbiology to address the latest hot-button topics in the field, such as: Ecology of microorganisms in natural and engineered environments Advances in molecular-based understanding of microbial phylogeny and interactions Microbially driven biogeochemical processes and interactions among microbial populations and communities Microbial activities in extreme or unusual environments Ecological studies pertaining to animal, plant, and insect microbiology Microbial processes and interactions associated with environmental pollution Designed for use in teaching, Microbial Ecology offers numerous special features to aid both students and instructors, including: Information boxes that highlight key microbial ecology issues "Microbial Spotlights" that focus on how prominent microbial ecologists became interested in microbial ecology Examples that illustrate the role of bacterial interaction with humans Exercises to promote critical thinking Selected reading lists Chapter summaries and review questions for class discussion Various microbial interactions and community structures are presented through examples and illustrations. Also included are mini case studies that address activities of microorganisms in specific environments, as well as a glossary and key words. All these features make this an ideal textbook for graduate or upper-level undergraduate students in biology, microbiology, ecology, or environmental science. It also serves as a highly useful reference for scientists and environmental professionals. PowerPoint slides of figures from the book are available for download at: ftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/microbial_ecology

Soils and Landscape Restoration

Soils and Landscape Restoration
  • Author : John A. Stanturf,Mac A. Callaham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-24
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780128131947
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Summary : Soils and Landscape Restoration provides a multidisciplinary synthesis on the sustainable management and restoration of soils in various landscapes. The book presents applicable knowledge of above- and below-ground interactions and biome specific realizations along with in-depth investigations of particular soil degradation pathways. It focuses on severely degraded soils (e.g., eroded, salinized, mined) as well as the restoration of wetlands, grasslands and forests. The book addresses the need to bring together current perspectives on land degradation and restoration in soil science and restoration ecology to better incorporate soil-based information when restoration plans are formulated. Incudes a chapter on climate change and novel ecosystems, thus collating the perspective of soil scientists and ecologists on this consequential and controversial topic Connects science to international policy and practice Includes summaries at the end of each chapter to elucidate principles and key points

Soil Biological Communities and Ecosystem Resilience

Soil Biological Communities and Ecosystem Resilience
  • Author : Martin Lukac,Paola Grenni,Mauro Gamboni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-06
  • Total pages :347
  • ISBN : 9783319633367
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Summary : This volume explores current knowledge and methods used to study soil organisms and to attribute their activity to wider ecosystem functions. Biodiversity not only responds to environmental change, but has also been shown to be one of the key drivers of ecosystem function and service delivery. Soil biodiversity in tree-dominated ecosystems is also governed by these principles, the structure of soil biological communities is clearly determined by environmental, as well as spatial, temporal and hierarchical factors. Global environmental change, together with land-use change and ecosystem management by humans, impacts the aboveground structure and composition of tree ecosystems. Due to existing knowledge of the close links between the above- and belowground parts of terrestrial ecosystems, we know that soil biodiversity is also impacted. However, very little is known about the nature of these impacts; effects on the overall level of biodiversity, the magnitude and diversity of functions soil biodiversity generates, but also on the present and future stability of tree ecosystems and soils. Even though much remains to be learned about the relationships between soil biodiversity and tree ecosystem functionality, it is clear that better effort needs to be made to describe and understand key processes which take place in soils and are driven by soil biota.

Restoration Ecology

Restoration Ecology
  • Author : Jelte van Andel,James Aronson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781118223154
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Summary : Enlarged, enhanced and internationalized edition of the firstrestoration ecology textbook to be published, with foreword by Dr.Steven Whisnant of Texas A&M University and Chair of theSociety of Ecological Restoration. Since 2006, when the first edition of this book appeared, majoradvances have taken place in restoration science and in thepractice of ecological restoration. Both are now accepted as keycomponents of the increasingly urgent search for sustainability atglobal, national, and community levels – hence the phrase'New Frontier' in the title. While the first edition focused onecosystems and landscapes in Europe, this new edition covers biomesand contexts all over the world. Several new chapters deal withbroad issues such as biological invasions, climate change, andagricultural land abandonment as they relate to restoration scienceand ecological restoration. Case studies are included fromAustralia, North America, and the tropics. This is an accessible textbook for senior undergraduate andgraduate level students, and early career scientists. The book alsoprovides a solid scientific background for managers, volunteers,and mid-career professionals involved in the practice of ecologicalrestoration. Review of the first edition: "I suspect that this volume will find its way onto the shelvesof many restoration researchers and practitioners and will be usedas a key text in graduate courses, where it will help fill a largevoid. My own copy is already heavily bookmarked, and will be aconstant source of research ideas and lecture material."(Environmental Conservation) Companion Website: A companion website with downloadable figures is available at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/vanandel/restorationecology"www.wiley.com/go/vanandel/restorationecology/a

Restoration and Reclamation of Boreal Ecosystems

Restoration and Reclamation of Boreal Ecosystems
  • Author : Dale Vitt,Jagtar Bhatti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-20
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139576826
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Summary : Boreal ecosystems contain one-third of the world's forests and stored carbon, but these regions are under increasing threat from both natural and anthropogenic disturbances. Written by leaders from the forefront of private, public and academic sectors, Restoration and Reclamation of Boreal Ecosystems emphasises a broad, conceptual approach to the specific application of empirical research into development planning, restoration and modelling of these ecosystems. The importance of this is highlighted at a time of global climate change, as these ecosystems act as carbon sinks. There is a focus on the reclamation of exploited ecosystems from a holistic standpoint, ranging from environmental and edaphic variables to the restoration of keystone flora. Recent advances in quantification of ecosystem services, such as habitat suitability and carbon storage modelling, are also detailed. The book contains case-studies which address how both historical and novel assemblages can provide ecosystem stability under projected climatic and land-use scenarios.

Microbial Ecology in States of Health and Disease

Microbial Ecology in States of Health and Disease
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-18
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 9780309290654
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Summary : Individually and collectively, resident microbes play important roles in host health and survival. Shaping and shaped by their host environments, these microorganisms form intricate communities that are in a state of dynamic equilibrium. This ecologic and dynamic view of host-microbe interactions is rapidly redefining our view of health and disease. It is now accepted that the vast majority of microbes are, for the most part, not intrinsically harmful, but rather become established as persistent, co-adapted colonists in equilibrium with their environment, providing useful goods and services to their hosts while deriving benefits from these host associations. Disruption of such alliances may have consequences for host health, and investigations in a wide variety of organisms have begun to illuminate the complex and dynamic network of interaction - across the spectrum of hosts, microbes, and environmental niches - that influence the formation, function, and stability of host-associated microbial communities. Microbial Ecology in States of Health and Disease is the summary of a workshop convened by the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats in March 2013 to explore the scientific and therapeutic implications of microbial ecology in states of health and disease. Participants explored host-microbe interactions in humans, animals, and plants; emerging insights into how microbes may influence the development and maintenance of states of health and disease; the effects of environmental change(s) on the formation, function, and stability of microbial communities; and research challenges and opportunities for this emerging field of inquiry.

Biochar Application

Biochar Application
  • Author : T. Komang Ralebitso-Senior,Caroline H. Orr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-07
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780128034361
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Summary : Biochar Application: Essential Soil Microbial Ecology outlines the cutting-edge research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamics, as well as the microbial ecology of biochar application to soil, the use of different phyto-chemical analyses, possibilities for future research, and recommendations for climate change policy. Biochar, or charcoal produced from plant matter and applied to soil, has become increasingly recognized as having the potential to address multiple contemporary concerns, such as agricultural productivity and contaminated ecosystem amelioration, primarily by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and improving soil functions. Biochar Application is the first reference to offer a complete assessment of the various impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems, and includes chapters analyzing all aspects of biochar technology and application to soil, from ecogenomic analyses and application ratios to nutrient cycling and next generation sequencing. Written by a team of international authors with interdisciplinary knowledge of biochar, this reference will provide a platform where collaborating teams can find a common resource to establish outcomes and identify future research needs throughout the world. Includes multiple tables and figures per chapter to aid in analysis and understanding Includes a comprehensive table of the methods used within the contents, ecosystems, contaminants, future research, and application opportunities explored in the book Includes knowledge gaps and directions of future research to stimulate further discussion in the field and in climate change policy Outlines the latest research on the interactions of complex microbial populations and their functional, structural, and compositional dynamics Offers an assessment of the impacts of biochar on soil and ecosystems

Soil Microbial Ecology Applications in Agricultural and Environmental Management

Soil Microbial Ecology Applications in Agricultural and Environmental Management
  • Author : F. Blaine Metting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-10-16
  • Total pages :165
  • ISBN : 0824787374
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Summary : Provides discussions for the major groups of soil micro-organisms, including rhizobacteria, symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria, pathogenic fungi, mycorrhizal fungi and microalgae. The book describes applications of soil microbial technologies in agriculture, forestry and environmental management.

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology
  • Author : David C. Coleman,D. A. Crossley, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-08-11
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780080472812
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Summary : This fully revised and expanded edition of Fundamentals of Soil Ecology continues its holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function. Students and ecosystem researchers will gain a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The authors emphasize the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provide an overview of theory and practice of soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This volume contains updated and greatly expanded coverage of all belowground biota (roots, microbes and fauna) and methods to identify and determine its distribution and abundance. New chapters are provided on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem processes, suggested laboratory and field methods to measure biota and their activities in ecosystems.. Contains over 60% new material and 150 more pages Includes new chapters on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem function Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods Incorporates new pedagogical features Combines theoretical and practical approaches

Official Meeting Program

Official Meeting Program
  • Author : Ecological Society of America. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105132965570
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Summary :