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Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases
  • Author : Steven L. Percival,Marylynn V. Yates,David Williams,Rachel Chalmers,Nicholas Gray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-08
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9780124159761
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Summary : The second edition of Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases describes the diseases associated with water, their causative agents and the ways in which they gain access to water systems. The book is divided into sections covering bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Other sections detail methods for detecting and identifying waterborne microorganisms, and the ways in which they are removed from water, including chlorine, ozone, and ultraviolet disinfection. The second edition of this handbook has been updated with information on biofilms and antimicrobial resistance. The impact of global warming and climate change phenomena on waterborne illnesses are also discussed. This book serves as an indispensable reference for public health microbiologists, water utility scientists, research water pollution microbiologists environmental health officers, consultants in communicable disease control and microbial water pollution students. Focuses on the microorganisms of most significance to public health, including E. coli, cryptosporidium, and enterovirus Highlights the basic microbiology, clinical features, survival in the environment, and gives a risk assessment for each pathogen Contains new material on antimicrobial resistance and biofilms Covers drinking water and both marine and freshwater recreational bathing waters

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases
  • Author : Steven L. Percival
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1784023787
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Summary : The second edition of Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases describes the diseases associated with water, their causative agents and the ways in which they gain access to water systems. The book is divided into sections covering bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Other sections detail methods for detecting and identifying waterborne microorganisms, and the ways in which they are removed from water, including chlorine, ozone, and ultraviolet disinfection.

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases
  • Author : Steven L. Percival
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0125515707
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Summary : Describes the diseases associated with water, their causative agents and the ways in which they gain access to water systems. It also details the methods for detecting and identifying waterborne microorganisms, the ways in which they are removed from water, and the risks they present to water users. Designed to be a reference for public health microbiologists, water utility scientists, research water pollution microbiologists environmental health officers, consultants in communicable disease control and microbial water pollution students.

Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens

Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-05-19
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 0309165962
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Summary : Recent and forecasted advances in microbiology, molecular biology, and analytical chemistry have made it timely to reassess the current paradigm of relying predominantly or exclusively on traditional bacterial indicators for all types of waterborne pathogens. Nonetheless, indicator approaches will still be required for the foreseeable future because it is not practical or feasible to monitor for the complete spectrum of microorganisms that may occur in water, and many known pathogens are difficult to detect directly and reliably in water samples. This comprehensive report recommends the development and use of a “tool box†approach by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency and others for assessing microbial water quality in which available indicator organisms (and/or pathogens in some cases) and detection method(s) are matched to the requirements of a particular application. The report further recommends the use of a phased, three-level monitoring framework to support the selection of indicators and indicator approaches.Â

Waterborne Diseases in the US

Waterborne Diseases in the US
  • Author : Gunther F. Craun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-10
  • Total pages :303
  • ISBN : 9781351094566
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Summary : This book examines, in both a current and historical context, water-related illness in the U.S. Emphasis is placed upon the transmission of infectious diseases through contaminated drinking water supplies and those deficiencies in water supply systems which allow waterborne outbreaks to occur. Chapters have been included on the important etiologic agents responsible for waterborne outbreaks in the U.S., surveillance activities, regulations, water treatment to prevent the occurrence of waterborne outbreaks and procedures for investigating waterborne outbreaks. For completeness, discussion have been included on illnesses contracted by ingestion of contact with waters for bathing , swimming, or wading and chronic ingestion of low levels of chemical contaminants in drinking water; however, because of space limitations there are necessarily brief, and the reader is directed toward the provided references, which discuss these subjects in more depth.

Waterborne Disease

Waterborne Disease
  • Author : Paul Hunter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-12-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 0471966460
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Summary : Water borne disease is responsible for millions of deaths worldwide every year. Within both developed and developing countries the demand for clean drinking and bathing water is ever increasing and the control of water borne disease is therefore of extreme importance. The book first addresses the magnitude of the problem, with subsequent chapters on specific diseases including Crytosporidiosis, Schistosomiasis, legionellosis and viral gastrointeritis. Concluding chapters discuss practical control issues such as basic water treatment and the problems of water borne disease control in less developed countries.

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens
  • Author : Helen Bridle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-13
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780444595461
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Summary : This book gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies for the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. The book will present existing methodology and highlight where improvements can be made, as well as have a strong focus on applications and the ways in which new technology could be applied in water management. Additionally, it addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol. Covers the gap of specific sound methods of pathogen detection by fulfulling the need for a concept book on the novel technologies for pathogen detection in water Presents all cutting-edge technologies for pathogen detection in water as well as recent emerging technologies Addresses all three types of pathogens; this combined knowledge helps to understand all potential pathogens in water

Waterborne Zoonoses

Waterborne Zoonoses
  • Author : World Health Organization,J. Bartram,G. F. Craun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9789241562737
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Summary : Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted from animals (both wild and domestic) to humans. A significant number of emerging and re-emerging waterborne zoonotic pathogens have been recognised over recent decades, such as SARS, E. coli, campylobacter and cryptosporidium. This publication assesses current knowledge about waterborne zoonoses and identifies strategies and research needs for anticipating and controlling future emerging water-related diseases, in order to better protect the health of both humans and animals. It is based on the discussions of a workshop held in the United States in September 2003, which included 29 experts from 14 countries and diverse disciplines including microbiology, water epidemiology, medicine, sanitary engineering, food safety and regulatory policy.

Drinking Water Microbiology

Drinking Water Microbiology
  • Author : Gordon A. McFeters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-07
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 9781461244646
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Summary : The microbiology of drinking water remains an important worldwide concern despite modem progress in science and engineering. Countries that are more technologically advanced have experienced a significant reduction in water borne morbidity within the last 100 years: This reduction has been achieved through the application of effective technologies for the treatment, disinfec tion, and distribution of potable water. However, morbidity resulting from the ingestion of contaminated water persists globally, and the available ep idemiological evidence (Waterborne Diseases in the United States, G. F. Craun, ed. , 1986, CRC Press) demonstrates a dramatic increase in the number of waterborne outbreaks and individual cases within the United States since the mid-1960s. In addition, it should also be noted that the incidence of water borne outbreaks of unknown etiology and those caused by "new" pathogens, such as Campylobaeter sp. , is also increasing in the United States. Although it might be debated whether these increases are real or an artifact resulting from more efficient reporting, it is clear that waterborne morbidity cannot be ignored in the industrialized world. More significantly, it represents one of the most important causes of illness within developing countries. Approxi mately one-half the world's population experiences diseases that are the direct consequence of drinking polluted water. Such illnesses are the primary cause of infant mortality in many Third World countries.

The Coliform Index and Waterborne Disease

The Coliform Index and Waterborne Disease
  • Author : Cara Gleeson,Nick Gray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-12-05
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780203476888
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Summary : In the past decade there has been a rapid increase in waterborne outbreaks of disease associated with viral and protozoan agents, normally in drinking waters that were found to be microbially safe using the Coliform Index.For nearly a quarter of a century indicator organisms, in particular the coliform group, have been used to ensure the microbial

Global Issues in Water, Sanitation, and Health

Global Issues in Water, Sanitation, and Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-25
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780309138727
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Summary : As the human population grows--tripling in the past century while, simultaneously, quadrupling its demand for water--Earth's finite freshwater supplies are increasingly strained, and also increasingly contaminated by domestic, agricultural, and industrial wastes. Today, approximately one-third of the world's population lives in areas with scarce water resources. Nearly one billion people currently lack access to an adequate water supply, and more than twice as many lack access to basic sanitation services. It is projected that by 2025 water scarcity will affect nearly two-thirds of all people on the planet. Recognizing that water availability, water quality, and sanitation are fundamental issues underlying infectious disease emergence and spread, the Institute of Medicine held a two-day public workshop, summarized in this volume. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants explored global and local connections between water, sanitation, and health; the spectrum of water-related disease transmission processes as they inform intervention design; lessons learned from water-related disease outbreaks; vulnerabilities in water and sanitation infrastructure in both industrialized and developing countries; and opportunities to improve water and sanitation infrastructure so as to reduce the risk of water-related infectious disease.

Biofilms in Infection Prevention and Control

Biofilms in Infection Prevention and Control
  • Author : Steven L. Percival,David Williams,Tracey Cooper,Jacqueline Randle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-30
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9780123977519
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Summary : Biofilms in Infection and Disease Control: A Healthcare Handbook outlines the scientific evidence and rationale for the prevention of infection, the role biofilms play in infection control, and the issues concerning their resistance to antimicrobials. This book provides practical guidance for healthcare and infection control professionals, as well as students, for preventing and controlling infection. Biofilms are the most common mode of bacterial growth in nature. Highly resistant to antibiotics and antimicrobials, biofilms are the source of more than 65 percent of health care associated infections (HCAI), which, according to the WHO, affect 1.4 million people annually. Biofilms are involved in 80 percent of all microbial infections in the body, including those associated with medical devices such as catheters, endotracheal tubes, joint prostheses, and heart valves. Biofilms are also the principle causes of infections of the middle-ear, dental caries, gingivitis, prostatitis and cystic fibrosis. Importantly, biofilms also significantly delay wound healing and reduce antimicrobial efficiency in at-risk or infected skin wounds. Provides specific procedures for controlling and preventing infection Includes case studies of HCAI, and identifies appropriate treatments Presents national government standards for infection prevention and control Includes extensive references and links to websites for further information

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-02-01
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780309037419
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Summary : Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology
  • Author : Duncan Mara,Nigel J. Horan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-07
  • Total pages :832
  • ISBN : 0080478190
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Summary : "Access to safe water is a fundamental human need and therefore a basic human right" --Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General Edited by two world-renowned scientists in the field, The Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology provides a definitive and comprehensive coverage of water and wastewater microbiology. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book gives a global perspective on the important issues faced in the provision of safe drinking water, the problems of dealing with aquatic pollution and the processes involved in wastewater management. Starting with an introductory chapter of basic microbiological principles, The Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology develops these principles further, ensuring that this is the essential text for process engineers with little microbiological experience and specialist microbiologists alike. Comprehensive selection of reviews dealing with drinking water and aquatic pollution Provides an understading of basic microbiology and how it is applied to engineering process solutions Suitable for all levels of knowledge in microbiology -from those with no background to specialists who require the depth of information

Bacteriophages in the Control of Food- and Waterborne Pathogens

Bacteriophages in the Control of Food- and Waterborne Pathogens
  • Author : Parviz M. Sabour,Mansel W. Griffiths
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-18
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9781555815028
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Summary : Gain a better understanding of how these fascinating microorganisms can help ensure a safe food supply. • Provides a unique comprehensive review of the literature on the application of bacteriophages as therapeutic and prophylactic agents in the food production and processing industries, including food animals, plants, and aquaculture. • Describes how bacteriophages function, explaining why they have the potential to be highly effective antimicrobials, and explores opportunities to use bacteriophages to detect bacterial contamination of foods and water and to control pathogens during both food production and processing. • Examines bacteriophages that can have a negative effect on industrial food processes and bacteriophages that potentially can lead to the evolution of foodborne pathogens; and covers safety and regulatory issues that are crucial to the success of bacteriophage use. • Serves as a resource for food microbiologists, food industry professionals, government regulators.

Water Recreation and Disease

Water Recreation and Disease
  • Author : Kathy Pond,World Health Organization,United States. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : 9241563052
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Summary : This publication gives a comprehensive review and analysis of potential diseases associated with recreational water activities in marine, freshwater, spas/whirlpools and swimming pools, drawing on information on the ecology and health aspects of a variety of pathogens. Issues discussed include: the factors related to infection and disease severity, susceptible sub-populations, the credibility of association with recreational water use, a severity rating system for prioritising public health protection measures, and pathogen summaries. It will be useful to all those concerned with recreational water quality, including environmental and public health professionals, local authorities and user groups.

Microbial Waterborne Pathogens

Microbial Waterborne Pathogens
  • Author : T. E. Cloete,Thomas Eugene Cloete
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-01
  • Total pages :231
  • ISBN : 9781843390558
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Summary : The purpose of Microbial Waterborne Pathogens is t

Microbiology of Drinking Water

Microbiology of Drinking Water
  • Author : Gabriel Bitton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-02
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781118743911
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Summary : Microbiology of Drinking Water Production andDistribution addresses the public health aspects of drinkingwater treatment and distribution. It explains the different watertreatment processes, such as pretreatment, coagulation,flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection, and theirimpacts on waterborne microbial pathogens and parasites. Drinking water quality may be degraded in water distributionsystems—microorganisms form biofilms within distributionsystems that allow them to flourish. Various methodologies havebeen proposed to assess the bacterial growth potential in waterdistribution systems. Microbiology of Drinking Water Production and Distributionalso places drinking water quality and public health issues incontext; it addresses the effect of bioterrorism on drinking watersafety, particularly safeguards that are in place to protectconsumers against the microbial agents involved. In addition, thetext delves into research on drinking water quality in developingcountries and the low-cost treatment technologies that could savelives. The text also examines the microbiological water quality ofbottled water, often misunderstood by the public at large.

Medical Microbiology Illustrated

Medical Microbiology Illustrated
  • Author : S. H. Gillespie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-28
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781483193632
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Summary : Medical Microbiology Illustrated presents a detailed description of epidemiology, and the biology of micro-organisms. It discusses the pathogenicity and virulence of microbial agents. It addresses the intrinsic susceptibility or immunity to antimicrobial agents. Some of the topics covered in the book are the types of gram-positive cocci; diverse group of aerobic gram-positive bacilli; classification and clinical importance of erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae; pathogenesis of mycobacterial infection; classification of parasitic infections which manifest with fever; collection of blood for culture and control of substances hazardous to health. The classification and clinical importance of neisseriaceae is fully covered. The definition and pathogenicity of haemophilus are discussed in detail. The text describes in depth the classification and clinical importance of spiral bacteria. The isolation and identification of fungi are completely presented. A chapter is devoted to the laboratory and serological diagnosis of systemic fungal infections. The book can provide useful information to microbiologists, physicians, laboratory scientists, students, and researchers.

Manual of Environmental Microbiology

Manual of Environmental Microbiology
  • Author : Christon J. Hurst,Ronald L. Crawford,Jay L. Garland,David A. Lipson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-14
  • Total pages :1293
  • ISBN : 9781555813796
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Summary : The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens
  • Author : Emmanuelle Guillot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :193
  • ISBN : 9781843391791
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Summary : The purpose of this study is to provide an updated