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Microgrid Protection and Control

Microgrid Protection and Control
  • Author : Dehua Zheng,Wei Zhang,Solomon Netsanet,Ping Wang,Girmaw Teshager Bitew,Dan Wei,Jun Yue
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-01
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9780128211960
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Summary : Microgrid Protection and Control is the result of numerous research works and publications by R&D engineers and scientists of the Microgrid and Energy Internet Research Centre. Through the authors long-routed experience in the microgrid and energy internet industry, this book looks at the sophisticated protection and control issues connected to the special nature of microgrid. The book explains the different ways of classifying types of microgrids and common misconceptions, looking at industrial and research trends along with the different technical issues and challenges faced with deploying microgrid in various settings. Forecasting short-term demand and renewable generation for optimal operation is covered with techniques for accurate enhancement supported with practical application examples. With chapters on dynamic, transient and tertiary control and experimental and simulation tests this reference is useful for all those working in the research, engineering and application of microgrids and power distribution systems. Contains practical examples to support the research and experimental results on microgrid protection and control Includes detailed theories and referential algorithms Provides innovative solutions to technical issues in protection and control of microgrids

Microgrid: Operation, Control, Monitoring and Protection

Microgrid: Operation, Control, Monitoring and Protection
  • Author : Papia Ray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789811517815
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Summary :

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods
  • Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-01
  • Total pages :781
  • ISBN : 9783030237233
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Summary : This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

Microgrids

Microgrids
  • Author : Nikos Hatziargyriou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-03
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781118720684
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Summary : Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Microgrids

Microgrids
  • Author : Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam,Hamdi Abdi,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Nikos Hatziargyriou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-16
  • Total pages :643
  • ISBN : 9783030597504
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in the control, operation, and protection of microgrids. It provides readers with a solid approach to analyzing and understanding the salient features of modern control and operation management techniques applied to these systems, and presents practical methods with examples and case studies from actual and modeled microgrids. The book also discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids, and local energy markets while addressing various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers who are focused on control concepts, AC, DC, and AC/DC microgrids, as well as those working in the related areas of energy engineering, operations research and its applications to energy systems. Presents modern operation, control and protection techniques with applications to real world and emulated microgrids; Discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids and local energy markets; Addresses various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids.

Microgrid Technologies

Microgrid Technologies
  • Author : C. Sharmeela,P. Sivaraman,P. Sanjeevikumar,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-10
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9781119710875
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Summary : Microgrid technology is an emerging area, and it has numerous advantages over the conventional power grid. A microgrid is defined as Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and interconnected loads with clearly defined electrical boundaries that act as a single controllable entity concerning the grid. Microgrid technology enables the connection and disconnection of the system from the grid. That is, the microgrid can operate both in grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. Microgrid technologies are an important part of the evolving landscape of energy and power systems. Many aspects of microgrids are discussed in this volume, including, in the early chapters of the book, the various types of energy storage systems, power and energy management for microgrids, power electronics interface for AC & DC microgrids, battery management systems for microgrid applications, power system analysis for microgrids, and many others. The middle section of the book presents the power quality problems in microgrid systems and its mitigations, gives an overview of various power quality problems and its solutions, describes the PSO algorithm based UPQC controller for power quality enhancement, describes the power quality enhancement and grid support through a solar energy conversion system, presents the fuzzy logic-based power quality assessments, and covers various power quality indices. The final chapters in the book present the recent advancements in the microgrids, applications of Internet of Things (IoT) for microgrids, the application of artificial intelligent techniques, modeling of green energy smart meter for microgrids, communication networks for microgrids, and other aspects of microgrid technologies. Valuable as a learning tool for beginners in this area as well as a daily reference for engineers and scientists working in the area of microgrids, this is a must-have for any library.

Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control

Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control
  • Author : Alhelou, Hassan Haes,Hayek, Ghassan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-15
  • Total pages :489
  • ISBN : 9781522580317
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Summary : Because society depends greatly on electric energy, power system control and protection focuses on ensuring a secure and reliable supply of power. To operate the electric systems in safe mode, the power system component should be equipped with intelligent controllers. The Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control is a collection of innovative research on the theoretical and practical developments in smart power system operation and control that takes into account both smart grid and micro-grid systems. While highlighting topics including cybersecurity, smart grid, and wide area monitoring, this book is ideally designed for researchers, students, and industry professionals.

Microgrid Planning and Design

Microgrid Planning and Design
  • Author : Hassan Farhangi,Geza Joos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-06
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781119453543
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Summary : A practical guide to microgrid systems architecture, design topologies, control strategies and integration approaches Microgrid Planning and Design offers a detailed and authoritative guide to microgrid systems. The authors - noted experts on the topic - explore what is involved in the design of a microgrid, examine the process of mapping designs to accommodate available technologies and reveal how to determine the efficacy of the final outcome. This practical book is a compilation of collaborative research results drawn from a community of experts in 8 different universities over a 6-year period. Microgrid Planning and Design contains a review of microgrid benchmarks for the electric power system and covers the mathematical modeling that can be used during the microgrid design processes. The authors include real-world case studies, validated benchmark systems and the components needed to plan and design an effective microgrid system. This important guide: Offers a practical and up-to-date book that examines leading edge technologies related to the smart grid Covers in detail all aspects of a microgrid from conception to completion Explores a modeling approach that combines power and communication systems Recommends modeling details that are appropriate for the type of study to be performed Defines typical system studies and requirements associated with the operation of the microgrid Written forgraduate students and professionals in the electrical engineering industry, Microgrid Planning and Design is a guide to smart microgrids that can help with their strategic energy objectives such as increasing reliability, efficiency, autonomy and reducing greenhouse gases.

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids
  • Author : Zhixiong Zhong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-28
  • Total pages :379
  • ISBN : 9781351032452
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Summary : Due to increasing economic and environmental pressures, small-scale grids have received increasing attention in the last fifteen years. These renewable sources, such as solar PVs, wind turbines, and fuel cells, integrated with grid, have changed the way we live our lives. This book describes microgrid dynamics modeling and nonlinear control issues from introductory to the advanced steps. The book addresses the most relevant challenges in microgrid protection and control including modeling, uncertainty, stability issues, local control, coordination control, power quality, and economic dispatch.

Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation
  • Author : Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9783319986876
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Summary : This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
  • Author : Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-27
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9780128036303
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Summary : This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid
  • Author : David Wenzhong Gao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-25
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9780128033753
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Summary : Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid addresses the issues related to modelling, operation and control, steady-state and dynamic analysis of microgrids with ESS. This book discusses major electricity storage technologies in depth along with their efficiency, lifetime cycles, environmental benefits and capacity, so that readers can envisage which type of storage technology is best for a particular microgrid application. This book offers solutions to numerous difficulties such as choosing the right ESS for the particular microgrid application, proper sizing of ESS for microgrid, as well as design of ESS control systems for proper interfacing with the microgrid. Explanations for major power electronic converters/technology required to achieve the desired interfacing Case studies on the major impacts of energy storage on microgrid Detailed solutions for choosing the right ESS for particular microgrid applications Valuable economics chapter to help evaluate entire systems

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids
  • Author : Wenchao Meng,Xiaoyu Wang,Shichao Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-20
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128169469
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Summary : Distributed Control and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids presents a thorough treatment of distributed control methods and cyber security issues for power system researchers and engineers. With the help of mathematical tools, this reference gives a deep understanding of microgrids and new research directions, addressing emerging concepts, methodologies and applications of monitoring, control and protection in smart microgrids with large-scale renewables. With the integration of more distributed or aggregated renewables and the wide utilization of power electronic devices, the smart microgrid is facing new stability and security challenges.

Design of a DC Microgrid Protection System Using a Central Control Unit

Design of a DC Microgrid Protection System Using a Central Control Unit
  • Author : Grace Simelin Madingou Kissidi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :44
  • ISBN : OCLC:895672685
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Summary : The use of distributed resources in the electric power system at the distribution level has opened new possibilities; among others, the overwhelming use of the DC microgrid in rural areas, electric vehicles, and ships. Most challenges associated with the DC microgrid in the protection system are related to ground fault. While low impedance ground fault can be detected through a high current surge, high impedance ground fault remains difficult due to a small current fault and a small reduction of the DC link voltage. The purpose of this project is to design a DC microgrid protection system capable of detecting and isolating ground faults impedance, both for a ring and radial bus configuration. To accomplish this goal, a new method has been developed for a DC ring bus while artificial neural network has been used for a DC radial bus configuration. Throughout the length of this document, their algorithms and performance will be discussed.

Microgrid

Microgrid
  • Author : Magdi S Mahmoud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-24
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9780081012628
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Summary : Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Blockchain-Based Smart Grids

Blockchain-Based Smart Grids
  • Author : Miadreza Shafie-khah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9780128178621
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Summary : Blockchain-Based Smart Grids presents emerging applications of blockchain in electrical system and looks to future developments in the use of blockchain technology in the energy market. Rapid growth of renewable energy resources in power systems and significant developments in the telecommunication systems has resulted in new market designs being employed to cover unpredictable and distributed generation of electricity. This book considers the marriage of blockchain and grid modernization, and discusses the transaction shifts in smart grids, from centralized to peer-to-peer structures. In addition, it addresses the effective application of these structures to speed up processes, resulting in more flexible electricity systems. Aimed at moving towards blockchain-based smart grids with renewable applications, this book is useful to researchers and practitioners in all sectors of smart grids, including renewable energy providers, manufacturers and professionals involved in electricity generation from renewable sources, grid modernization and smart grid applications.

Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids

Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids
  • Author : Suleiman M. Sharkh,Mohammad A. Abu-Sara,Georgios I. Orfanoudakis,Babar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-14
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780470828328
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Summary : As concerns about climate change, energy prices, and energy security loom, regulatory and research communities have shown growing interest in alternative energy sources and their integration into distributed energy systems. However, many of the candidate microgeneration and associated storage systems cannot be readily interfaced to the 50/60 Hz grid. In Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids, Sharkh and Abu-Sara introduce the basics and practical concerns of analyzing and designing such micro-generation grid interface systems. Readers will become familiar with methods for stably feeding the larger grid, importing from the grid to charge on-site storage, disconnecting from the grid in case of grid failure, as well as connect multiple microgrids while sharing their loads appropriately. Sharkh and Abu-Sara introduce not only the larger context of the technology, but also present potential future applications, along with detailed case studies and tutorials to help the reader effectively engineer microgrid systems.

Control and Dynamics in Power Systems and Microgrids

Control and Dynamics in Power Systems and Microgrids
  • Author : Lingling Fan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-12
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9781351979399
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Summary : In traditional power system dynamics and control books, the focus is on synchronous generators. Within current industry, where renewable energy, power electronics converters, and microgrids arise, the related system-level dynamics and control need coverage. Wind energy system dynamics and microgrid system control are covered. The text also offers insight to using programming examples, state-of-the-art control design tools, and advanced control concepts to explain traditional power system dynamics and control. The reader will gain knowledge of dynamics and control in both synchronous generator-based power system and power electronic converter enabled renewable energy systems, as well as microgrids.

Protection and Control of Active Distribution Networks and Microgrids

Protection and Control of Active Distribution Networks and Microgrids
  • Author : Mohammad Amin Zamani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : OCLC:1069644671
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Summary : This thesis is mainly focused on (i) modeling and control of Electronically Coupled Distributed Energy Resources (EC-DERs) under severe network imbalances and transient incidents, and (ii) protection of active distribution networks and microgrids against different types of faults. In the first part, an enhanced control strategy is proposed to improve the performance of EC-DERs under faults and transient disturbances, in a multiunit microgrid setting. With the use of proposed control strategy, the host microgrid can ride through network faults, irrespective of whether they take place within the microgrid jurisdiction or impact the upstream grid, and quickly reclaim its pre-fault operating conditions to improve post-fault recovery. Further, the proposed control scheme enables the host microgrid to retain its power quality for the duration of the faults, in both modes of operation, which is a desirable property for detection of certain classes of faults, as well as for sensitive loads. In the second part of the thesis, appropriate strategies are proposed for protection of low- and medium-voltage microgrids in the islanded mode as well as the grid-connected mode of operation. The proposed protection strategies aim to detect and isolate the faults that impact the microgrid, in a selective manner. The proposed strategies can be implemented through programmable logic tools which are commercially available; hence, the structures of new relays that enable the proposed protection strategies are also discussed in the thesis. In addition, the thesis investigates the operation of an existing distribution network as a microgrid. Thus, practical control and protection strategies that enable off-grid operation of the distribution network (considering the system constraints) are discussed. The effectiveness of the proposed control and protection strategies are demonstrated through time-domain simulation studies conducted in the PSCAD/EMTDC software environment.

Handbook of Distributed Generation

Handbook of Distributed Generation
  • Author : Ramesh Bansal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-07
  • Total pages :819
  • ISBN : 9783319513430
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Summary : This book features extensive coverage of all Distributed Energy Generation technologies, highlighting the technical, environmental and economic aspects of distributed resource integration, such as line loss reduction, protection, control, storage, power electronics, reliability improvement, and voltage profile optimization. It explains how electric power system planners, developers, operators, designers, regulators and policy makers can derive many benefits with increased penetration of distributed generation units into smart distribution networks. It further demonstrates how to best realize these benefits via skillful integration of distributed energy sources, based upon an understanding of the characteristics of loads and network configuration.

Development and Integration of Microgrids

Development and Integration of Microgrids
  • Author : Wenping Cao,Jin Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-16
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9789535133995
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Summary : The utilization of AC or DC microgrids across the world has increased dramatically over the years and has led to development opportunities as well as technical challenges when they are connected to the main grids or used as stand-alone systems. This book overviews the development of AC/DC microgrids; explains the microgrid concepts, design and control considerations, discusses operational and technical issues, as well as interconnection and integration of these systems. This book is served as a reference for a general audience of researchers, academics, PhD students and practitioners in the field of power engineering.