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Microgrid

Microgrid
  • Author : Magdi S Mahmoud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-24
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9780081012628
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Summary : Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Microgrid: Operation, Control, Monitoring and Protection

Microgrid: Operation, Control, Monitoring and Protection
  • Author : Papia Ray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789811517815
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Urban DC Microgrid

Urban DC Microgrid
  • Author : Manuela Sechilariu,Fabrice Locment
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-10
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780128037874
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Summary : Urban DC Microgrid: Intelligent Control and Power Flow Optimization focuses on microgrids for urban areas, particularly associated with building-integrated photovoltaic and renewable sources. This book describes the most important problems of DC microgrid application, with grid-connected and off-grid operating modes, aiming to supply DC building distribution networks. The book considers direct current (DC) microgrid to supply DC building distribution networks for positive energy buildings; dynamic interactions with the utility grid based on communication with the smart grid; supervisory control systems; and energy management. The global power system is exposed and the DC microgrid system is presented and analyzed with results and discussion, highlighting both the advantages and limitations of the concept. Coverage at the system level of microgrid control as well as the various technical aspects of the power system components make this a book interesting to academic researchers, industrial energy researchers, electrical power and power system professionals. Provides a strong overview of microgrid modelling Describes the most important problems of DC microgrid application, with grid-connected and off-grid operating modes, aiming to supply DC building distribution networks Offers experimental problem examples and results Includes supervisory control and energy management

Microgrids

Microgrids
  • Author : Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,K. Nithiyananthan,S. Prabhakar Karthikeyan,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-23
  • Total pages :92
  • ISBN : 9781000226898
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Summary : Microgrids offers a complete discussion and details about microgrids and their applications, including modeling of AC/DC and hybrid grids in a tied mode with simulation for the solar systems, wind turbines, biomass and fuel cells, and deployment issues. The data communications and control mechanism implementations are analyzed for proper coordination of the AC/DC microgrid. The various real-time applications and future development of the microgrid are also discussed in this book, with MATLAB®-based simulations and results. This book: Discusses the fundamentals of microgrids, the components of microgrids, the modeling of renewable energy sources, and the implementation of microgrids. Explores AC and DC microgrid modeling with real-time examples. Examines the effective extraction of energy from renewable energy sources. Covers analysis of data communications and control-mechanism implementations. Includes HOMER/MATLAB®-based simulations and results on microgrids. This book would be a welcome addition to the libraries of researchers, senior undergraduate students, and graduate students in power and electrical engineering, especially those working with smart and microgrids.

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods
  • Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-01
  • Total pages :781
  • ISBN : 9783030237233
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Summary : This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids

Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids
  • Author : Wenchao Meng,Xiaoyu Wang,Shichao Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-20
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128169469
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Summary : Distributed Control and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids presents a thorough treatment of distributed control methods and cyber security issues for power system researchers and engineers. With the help of mathematical tools, this reference gives a deep understanding of microgrids and new research directions, addressing emerging concepts, methodologies and applications of monitoring, control and protection in smart microgrids with large-scale renewables. With the integration of more distributed or aggregated renewables and the wide utilization of power electronic devices, the smart microgrid is facing new stability and security challenges.

Downtime on the Microgrid

Downtime on the Microgrid
  • Author : Malcolm McCullough
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-31
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9780262357012
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Summary : Something good about the smart city: a human-centered account of why the future of electricity is local. Resilience now matters most, and most resilience is local—even for that most universal, foundational modern resource: the electric power grid. Today that technological marvel is changing more rapidly than it has for a lifetime, and in our new grid awareness, community microgrids have become a fascinating catalyst for cultural value change. In Downtime on the Microgrid, Malcolm McCullough offers a thoughtful counterpoint to the cascade of white papers on smart clean infrastructure. Writing from an experiential perspective, McCullough avoids the usual smart city futurism, technological solutionism, policy acronyms, green idealism, critical theory jargon, and doomsday prepping to provide new cultural context for a subject long a favorite theme in science and technology studies. McCullough describes the three eras of North American electrification: innovation, consolidation, and decentralization. He considers the microgrid boom and its relevance to the built environment as “architecture's grid edge.” Finally, he argues that resilience arises from clusters; although a microgrid is often described as an island, future resilience will require archipelagos—clusters of microgrids, with a two-way, intermittent connectiveness that is very different from the always-on, top-down technofuture we may be expecting. With Downtime on the Microgrid, McCullough rises above techno-hype to find something good about the smart city and reassuring about local resilience.

Optimal Scheduling and Control of Microgrid Power Flow

Optimal Scheduling and Control of Microgrid Power Flow
  • Author : Amir Valibeygi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : OCLC:1149141605
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Summary : The operation of renewable microgrids is undergoing rapid transformations due to increasing renewable resources penetration, making their energy management and control more crucial for economic and reliability goals. The increasing penetration of solar resources introduces a significant degree of intermittency and uncertainty. As a measure to increase reliability in the face of such uncertainty, future microgrids will require operational flexibility including ramping capacity and the ability to swiftly respond to grid conditions. Real-time feedback control is known for handling uncertainty and can play an instrumental role in real-time scheduling update along with other non-intermittent reserves. Motivated by this changing prospect, this dissertation proposes multiple techniques for optimal microgrid control, energy management, and scheduling in the presence of intermittent renewable resources, reserve non-renewable resources, and energy storage systems. The presented approaches consider microgrid optimization problems from the viewpoint of a single microgrid as well as multiple cooperating microgrids under a variety of energy cost structures and operating limitations imposed by resource constraints and the grid. Additionally, we present an approach of addressing both short-term scheduling and real-time power control in a unified model predictive control framework where the microgrid controller operates at two separate time scales. Techniques are proposed to relax the non-convex resource scheduling problem and enable solving the MPC at update rates comparable with renewable generation and demand variability time scales. To facilitate testing of different microgrid controllers with fast update rates, a remote hardware-in-the-loop microgrid testing setup is designed and utilized for testing the controllers proposed in this work. The proposed control and scheduling approaches are developed using data and models from real-world microgrids and some of the techniques are implemented in an actual microgrid in California with solar energy generation and energy storage.

Microgrid Design and Operation: Toward Smart Energy in Cities

Microgrid Design and Operation: Toward Smart Energy in Cities
  • Author : Federico Delfino ,Renato Procopio,Mansueto Rossi,Massimo Brignone,Michela Robba,Stefano Bracco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-31
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781630811518
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Summary : With the growth of renewable energy sources, microgrids have become a key component in the distribution of power to localized areas while connected to the traditional grid or operating in a disconnected island mode. Based on the extensive real-world experience of the authors, this cutting-edge resource provides a basis for the design, installation, and day-by-day management of microgrids. Professionals find coverage of the critical aspects they need to understand, from the initial planning and the selection of the most appropriate technologies and equipment, to optimal management and real-time control. Moreover, this forward-looking book places emphasis on new architectures of the energy systems of the future. Written in accessible language with practical examples, the book explains advanced topics such as optimization algorithms for energy management systems, control issues for both on-grid and island mode, and microgrid protection. Practitioners are also provided with a complete vision for the deployment of the microgrid in smart cities.

Microgrid Control

Microgrid Control
  • Author : Paolo Piagi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : WISC:89095491874
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Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
  • Author : Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-27
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9780128036303
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Summary : This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation
  • Author : Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9783319986876
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Summary : This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Microgrid Planning and Design

Microgrid Planning and Design
  • Author : Hassan Farhangi,Geza Joos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-06
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781119453505
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Summary : A practical guide to microgrid systems architecture, design topologies, control strategies and integration approaches Microgrid Planning and Design offers a detailed and authoritative guide to microgrid systems. The authors - noted experts on the topic - explore what is involved in the design of a microgrid, examine the process of mapping designs to accommodate available technologies and reveal how to determine the efficacy of the final outcome. This practical book is a compilation of collaborative research results drawn from a community of experts in 8 different universities over a 6-year period. Microgrid Planning and Design contains a review of microgrid benchmarks for the electric power system and covers the mathematical modeling that can be used during the microgrid design processes. The authors include real-world case studies, validated benchmark systems and the components needed to plan and design an effective microgrid system. This important guide: Offers a practical and up-to-date book that examines leading edge technologies related to the smart grid Covers in detail all aspects of a microgrid from conception to completion Explores a modeling approach that combines power and communication systems Recommends modeling details that are appropriate for the type of study to be performed Defines typical system studies and requirements associated with the operation of the microgrid Written forgraduate students and professionals in the electrical engineering industry, Microgrid Planning and Design is a guide to smart microgrids that can help with their strategic energy objectives such as increasing reliability, efficiency, autonomy and reducing greenhouse gases.

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
  • Author : Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-27
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9780128036303
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Summary : This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Optimum Design of Renewable Energy Systems: Microgrid and Nature Grid Methods

Optimum Design of Renewable Energy Systems: Microgrid and Nature Grid Methods
  • Author : Obara, Shin’ya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-31
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781466657977
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Summary : The management of global warming is a relevant issue throughout the world and has experts of various fields considering various methods to control Earth’s atmospheric temperature. While microgrid technology is emerging as the next generation energy supply system, renewable energy is often unstable and requires the support of conventional energy equipment. Optimum Design of Renewable Energy Systems: Microgrid and Nature Grid Methods investigates the development of highly efficient energy storage equipment and of operation optimization technology of compound energy systems. This book is an essential reference source for technical consultants, urban environment engineers, and energy researchers interested in the development of efficient energy systems and operation optimization technology.

Critical Load Serving Capability by Microgrid Operation

Critical Load Serving Capability by Microgrid Operation
  • Author : Pavan Kumar Penkey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 1369043848
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Summary : In order to improve the resilience of power systems, utilities are interested in developing the capability to form microgrids when abnormal situations occur. In some cases, the microgrid is used to minimize the adverse impacts on the most critical loads, such as hospitals, government offices, and police stations. The costs associated with failure to supply critical loads are significant. Therefore, the ability to create a microgrid largely using existing generation assets with only the addition of control devices can result in improved reliability, greater level of services, and in significant savings during major events. For instance, a significant portion of the power supply to a major city in the northwest region of North America comes through a single 500kV line. If the line goes down, under some circumstances the city grid could go down. The main objective of this thesis is to perform a study establishing the feasibility of forming a microgrid to supply high priority loads in the city, while disconnecting from the main grid and using hydroelectric and solar generation available in the area. These transitions will occur while establishing and maintaining stability of the microgrid. Modeling and analysis of the entire microgrid network is done in PowerworldRTM simulation software that proved the possibility of forming the microgrid. The model development and validation are described along with the analysis and results of several studies.

Microgrids

Microgrids
  • Author : Nikos Hatziargyriou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-03
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781118720684
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Summary : Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Optimization of Unit Commitment and Economic Dispatch in Microgrids Based on Genetic Algorithm and Mixed Integer Linear Programming

Optimization of Unit Commitment and Economic Dispatch in Microgrids Based on Genetic Algorithm and Mixed Integer Linear Programming
  • Author : Mohsen Shiralizadeh Nemati
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-16
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : 9783737604642
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Summary : Energy Management System (EMS) applications of modern power networks like microgrids have to respond to a number of stringent challenges due to current energy revolution. Optimal resource dispatch tasks must be handled with specific regard to the addition of new resource types and the adoption of novel modeling considerations. In addition, due to the comprehensive changes concerning the multi cell grid structure, new policies should be fulfilled via microgrids’ EMS. At the same time achieving a variety of conflicting goals in different microgrids requires a universal and a multi criteria optimization tool. In this work two dispatch-optimizers based on genetic algorithm and mixed integer linear programming for a centralized EMS are introduced which can schedule the unit commitment and economic dispatch of microgrid units. In the proposed methods, different network restrictions like voltages and equipment loadings and unit constraints have been considered.

Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project

Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project
  • Author : Thomas Bialek,San Diego Gas and Electric Company,Horizon Energy Group
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :71
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822039255054
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Microgrid Demonstration Project

Microgrid Demonstration Project
  • Author : Mark Rawson,Jeff Berkheimer,Sacramento Municipal Utility District (Calif.)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822041163411
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Computational Resource Modeling in a Microgrid Simulator

Computational Resource Modeling in a Microgrid Simulator
  • Author : Dennis Nørmark Jakobsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822028303659
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Summary :