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Millimeter-Wave Digitally Intensive Frequency Generation in CMOS

Millimeter-Wave Digitally Intensive Frequency Generation in CMOS
  • Author : Wanghua Wu,Robert Bogdan Staszewski,John R. Long
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-23
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780128023617
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Summary : This book describes the digitally intensive time-domain architectures and techniques applied to millimeter-wave frequency synthesis, with the objective of improving performance and reducing the cost of implementation. Coverage includes system architecture, system level modeling, critical building block design, and digital calibration techniques, making it highly suitable for those who want to learn about mm-wave frequency generation for communication and radar applications, integrated circuit implementation, and time-domain circuit and system techniques. Highlights the challenges of frequency synthesis at mm-wave band using CMOS technology Compares the various approaches for mm-wave frequency generation (pros and cons) Introduces the digitally intensive synthesizer approach and its advantages Discusses the proper partitioning of the digitally intensive mm-wave frequency synthesizer into mm-wave, RF, analog, digital and software components Provides detailed design techniques from system level to circuit level Addresses system modeling, simulation techniques, design-for-test, and layout issues Demonstrates the use of time-domain techniques for high-performance mm-wave frequency synthesis

Millimeter-Wave Circuits for 5G and Radar

Millimeter-Wave Circuits for 5G and Radar
  • Author : Gernot Hueber,Ali M. Niknejad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-31
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9781108492782
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Summary : Discover the concepts and techniques needed to design millimeter-wave circuits for current and emerging wireless system applications.

CMOS Past, Present and Future

CMOS Past, Present and Future
  • Author : Henry Radamson,Eddy Simoen,Jun Luo,Chao Zhao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-03
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780081021408
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Summary : CMOS Past, Present and Future provides insight from the basics, to the state-of-the-art of CMOS processing and electrical characterization, including the integration of Group IV semiconductors-based photonics. The book goes into the pitfalls and opportunities associated with the use of hetero-epitaxy on silicon with strain engineering and the integration of photonics and high-mobility channels on a silicon platform. It begins with the basic definitions and equations, but extends to present technologies and challenges, creating a roadmap on the origins of the technology and its evolution to the present, along with a vision for future trends. The book examines the challenges and opportunities that materials beyond silicon provide, including a close look at high-k materials and metal gate, strain engineering, channel material and mobility, and contacts. The book's key approach is on characterizations, device processing and electrical measurements. Addresses challenges and opportunities for the use of CMOS Covers the latest methods of strain engineering, materials integration to increase mobility, nano-scaled transistor processing, and integration of CMOS with photonic components Provides a look at the evolution of CMOS technology, including the origins of the technology, current status and future possibilities

High-Performance AD and DA Converters, IC Design in Scaled Technologies, and Time-Domain Signal Processing

High-Performance AD and DA Converters, IC Design in Scaled Technologies, and Time-Domain Signal Processing
  • Author : Pieter Harpe,Andrea Baschirotto,Kofi A. A. Makinwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-23
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9783319079387
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Summary : This book is based on the 18 tutorials presented during the 23rd workshop on Advances in Analog Circuit Design. Expert designers present readers with information about a variety of topics at the frontier of analog circuit design, serving as a valuable reference to the state-of-the-art, for anyone involved in analog circuit research and development.

All-Digital Frequency Synthesizer in Deep-Submicron CMOS

All-Digital Frequency Synthesizer in Deep-Submicron CMOS
  • Author : Robert Bogdan Staszewski,Poras T. Balsara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-09-22
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9780470041949
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Summary : A new and innovative paradigm for RF frequency synthesis and wireless transmitter design Learn the techniques for designing and implementing an all-digital RF frequency synthesizer. In contrast to traditional RF techniques, this innovative book sets forth digitally intensive design techniques that lead the way to the development of low-cost, low-power, and highly integrated circuits for RF functions in deep submicron CMOS processes. Furthermore, the authors demonstrate how the architecture enables readers to integrate an RF front-end with the digital back-end onto a single silicon die using standard ASIC design flow. Taking a bottom-up approach that progressively builds skills and knowledge, the book begins with an introduction to basic concepts of frequency synthesis and then guides the reader through an all-digital RF frequency synthesizer design: Chapter 2 presents a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO), which is the foundation of a novel architecture, and introduces a time-domain model used for analysis and VHDL simulation Chapter 3 adds a hierarchical layer of arithmetic abstraction to the DCO that makes it easier to operate algorithmically Chapter 4 builds a phase correction mechanism around the DCO such that the system's frequency drift or wander performance matches that of the stable external frequency reference Chapter 5 presents an application of the all-digital RF synthesizer Chapter 6 describes the behavioral modeling and simulation methodology used in design The final chapter presents the implementation of a full transmitter and experimental results. The novel ideas presented here have been implemented and proven in two high-volume, commercial single-chip radios developed at Texas Instruments: Bluetooth and GSM. While the focus of the book is on RF frequency synthesizer design, the techniques can be applied to the design of other digitally assisted analog circuits as well. This book is a must-read for students and engineers who want to learn a new paradigm for RF frequency synthesis and wireless transmitter design using digitally intensive design techniques.

High-Frequency Integrated Circuits

High-Frequency Integrated Circuits
  • Author : Sorin Voinigescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-28
  • Total pages :902
  • ISBN : 9780521873024
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Summary : A transistor-level, design-intensive overview of high speed and high frequency monolithic integrated circuits for wireless and broadband systems from 2 GHz to 200 GHz, this comprehensive text covers high-speed, RF, mm-wave, and optical fibre circuits using nanoscale CMOS, SiGe BiCMOS, and III-V technologies. Step-by-step design methodologies, end-of chapter problems, and practical simulation and design projects are provided, making this an ideal resource for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in circuit design. With an emphasis on device-circuit topology interaction and optimization, it gives circuit designers and students alike an in-depth understanding of device structures and process limitations affecting circuit performance.

2019 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC)

2019 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC)
  • Author : IEEE Staff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-14
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1538693968
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Summary : Conference with technical sessions, educational sessions, panel discussions and forums

Multi-Mode / Multi-Band RF Transceivers for Wireless Communications

Multi-Mode / Multi-Band RF Transceivers for Wireless Communications
  • Author : Gernot Hueber,Robert Bogdan Staszewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-04
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 1118102207
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Summary : Summarizes cutting-edge physical layer technologies for multi-mode wireless RF transceivers. Includes original contributions from distinguished researchers and professionals. Covers cutting-edge physical layer technologies for multi-mode wireless RF transceivers. Contributors are all leading researchers and professionals in this field.

Wireless Receiver Architectures and Design

Wireless Receiver Architectures and Design
  • Author : Tony J. Rouphael
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-17
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 9780123786418
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Summary : Wireless Receiver Architectures and Design presents the various designs and architectures of wireless receivers in the context of modern multi-mode and multi-standard devices. This one-stop reference and guide to designing low-cost low-power multi-mode, multi-standard receivers treats analog and digital signal processing simultaneously, with equal detail given to the chosen architecture and modulating waveform. It provides a complete understanding of the receiver‘s analog front end and the digital backend, and how each affects the other. The book explains the design process in great detail, starting from an analysis of requirements to the choice of architecture and finally to the design and algorithm development. The advantages and disadvantages of each wireless architecture and the suitability to a standard are given, enabling a better choice of design methodology, receiver lineup, analog block, and digital algorithm for a particular architecture. Whether you are a communications engineer working in system architecture and waveform design, an RF engineer working on noise and linearity budget and line-up analysis, a DSP engineer working on algorithm development, or an analog or digital design engineer designing circuits for wireless transceivers, this book is your one-stop reference and guide to designing low-cost low-power multi-mode multi-standard receivers. The material in this book is organized and presented to lead you from applied theory to practical design with plenty of examples and case studies drawn from modern wireless standards. Provides a complete description of receiver architectures together with their pros and cons, enabling a better choice of design methodology Covers the design trade-offs and algorithms between the analog front end and the digital modem – enabling an end-to-end design approach Addresses multi-mode multi-standard low-cost, low-power radio design – critical for producing the applications for Smart phones and portable internet devices

mmWave Massive MIMO

mmWave Massive MIMO
  • Author : Shahid Mumtaz,Jonathan Rodriguez,Linglong Dai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-02
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9780128044780
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Summary : mmWave Massive MIMO: A Paradigm for 5G is the first book of its kind to hinge together related discussions on mmWave and Massive MIMO under the umbrella of 5G networks. New networking scenarios are identified, along with fundamental design requirements for mmWave Massive MIMO networks from an architectural and practical perspective. Working towards final deployment, this book updates the research community on the current mmWave Massive MIMO roadmap, taking into account the future emerging technologies emanating from 3GPP/IEEE. The book's editors draw on their vast experience in international research on the forefront of the mmWave Massive MIMO research arena and standardization. This book aims to talk openly about the topic, and will serve as a useful reference not only for postgraduates students to learn more on this evolving field, but also as inspiration for mobile communication researchers who want to make further innovative strides in the field to mark their legacy in the 5G arena. Contains tutorials on the basics of mmWave and Massive MIMO Identifies new 5G networking scenarios, along with design requirements from an architectural and practical perspective Details the latest updates on the evolution of the mmWave Massive MIMO roadmap, considering future emerging technologies emanating from 3GPP/IEEE Includes contributions from leading experts in the field in modeling and prototype design for mmWave Massive MIMO design Presents an ideal reference that not only helps postgraduate students learn more in this evolving field, but also inspires mobile communication researchers towards further innovation

Digital Subsampling Phase Lock Techniques for Frequency Synthesis and Polar Transmission

Digital Subsampling Phase Lock Techniques for Frequency Synthesis and Polar Transmission
  • Author : Nereo Markulic,Kuba Raczkowski,Jan Craninckx,Piet Wambacq
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-30
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9783030109585
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Summary : This book explains concepts behind fractional subsampling-based frequency synthesis that is re-shaping today’s art in the field of low-noise LO generation. It covers advanced material, giving clear guidance for development of background-calibrated environments capable of spur-free synthesis and wideband phase modulation. It further expands the concepts into the field of subsampling polar transmission, where the newly developed architecture enables unprecedented spectral efficiency levels, unquestionably required by the upcoming generation of wireless standards.

High Mobility Materials for CMOS Applications

High Mobility Materials for CMOS Applications
  • Author : Nadine Collaert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780081020623
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Summary : High Mobility Materials for CMOS Applications provides a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of (Si)Ge and III-V materials and their integration on Si. The book covers material growth and integration on Si, going all the way from device to circuit design. While the book's focus is on digital applications, a number of chapters also address the use of III-V for RF and analog applications, and in optoelectronics. With CMOS technology moving to the 10nm node and beyond, however, severe concerns with power dissipation and performance are arising, hence the need for this timely work on the advantages and challenges of the technology. Addresses each of the challenges of utilizing high mobility materials for CMOS applications, presenting possible solutions and the latest innovations Covers the latest advances in research on heterogeneous integration, gate stack, device design and scalability Provides a broad overview of the topic, from materials integration to circuits

Millimeter Wave Communication Systems

Millimeter Wave Communication Systems
  • Author : Kao-Cheng Huang,Zhaocheng Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-20
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781118102756
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Summary : The aim of this book is to present the modern design and analysis principles of millimeter-wave communication system for wireless devices and to give postgraduates and system professionals the design insights and challenges when integrating millimeter wave personal communication system. Millimeter wave communication system are going to play key roles in modern gigabit wireless communication area as millimeter-wave industrial standards from IEEE, European Computer Manufacturing Association (ECMA) and Wireless High Definition (Wireless HD) Group, are on their way to the market. The book will review up-to-date research results and utilize numerous design and analysis for the whole system covering from Millimeter wave frontend to digital signal processing in order to address major topics in a high speed wireless system. This book emphasizes the importance and the requirements of high-gain antennas, low power transceiver, adaptive equalizer/modulation, channeling coding and adaptive multi-user detection for gigabit wireless communications. In addition, the book will include the updated research literature and patents in the topics of transceivers, antennas, MIMO, channel capacity, coding, equalizer, Modem and multi-user detection. Finally the application of these antennas will be discussed in light of different forthcoming wireless standards at V-band and E-band.

Phase-Locked Frequency Generation and Clocking

Phase-Locked Frequency Generation and Clocking
  • Author : Woogeun Rhee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-09
  • Total pages :735
  • ISBN : 9781785618857
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Summary : Phase-Locked Frequency Generation and Clocking covers essential topics and issues in current Phase-Locked Loop design, from a light touch of fundamentals to practical design aspects. Both wireless and wireline systems are considered in the design of low noise frequency generation and clocking systems. Topics covered include architecture and design, digital-intensive Phase-Locked Loops, low noise frequency generation and modulation, clock-and-data recovery, and advanced clocking and clock generation systems. The book not only discusses fundamental architectures, system design considerations, and key building blocks but also covers advanced design techniques and architectures in frequency generation and clocking systems. Readers can expect to gain insights into phase-locked clocking as well as system perspectives and circuit design aspects in modern Phase-Locked Loop design.

Beyond-CMOS Technologies for Next Generation Computer Design

Beyond-CMOS Technologies for Next Generation Computer Design
  • Author : Rasit O. Topaloglu,H.-S. Philip Wong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-21
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9783319903859
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Summary : This book describes the bottleneck faced soon by designers of traditional CMOS devices, due to device scaling, power and energy consumption, and variability limitations. This book aims at bridging the gap between device technology and architecture/system design. Readers will learn about challenges and opportunities presented by “beyond-CMOS devices” and gain insight into how these might be leveraged to build energy-efficient electronic systems.

Software-Defined Radio for Engineers

Software-Defined Radio for Engineers
  • Author : Alexander M. Wyglinski,Robin Getz,Travis Collins,Di Pu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-30
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9781630814595
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Summary : Based on the popular Artech House classic, Digital Communication Systems Engineering with Software-Defined Radio, this book provides a practical approach to quickly learning the software-defined radio (SDR) concepts needed for work in the field. This up-to-date volume guides readers on how to quickly prototype wireless designs using SDR for real-world testing and experimentation. This book explores advanced wireless communication techniques such as OFDM, LTE, WLA, and hardware targeting. Readers will gain an understanding of the core concepts behind wireless hardware, such as the radio frequency front-end, analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters, as well as various processing technologies. Moreover, this volume includes chapters on timing estimation, matched filtering, frame synchronization message decoding, and source coding. The orthogonal frequency division multiplexing is explained and details about HDL code generation and deployment are provided. The book concludes with coverage of the WLAN toolbox with OFDM beacon reception and the LTE toolbox with downlink reception. Multiple case studies are provided throughout the book. Both MATLAB and Simulink source code are included to assist readers with their projects in the field.

Radio-Frequency Digital-to-Analog Converters

Radio-Frequency Digital-to-Analog Converters
  • Author : Morteza S Alavi,Jaimin Mehta,Robert Bogdan Staszewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-18
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9780128025031
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Summary : With the proliferation of wireless networks, there is a need for more compact, low-cost, power efficient transmitters that are capable of supporting the various communication standards, including Bluetooth, WLAN, GSM/EDGE, WCDMA and 4G of 3GPP cellular. This book describes a novel idea of RF digital-to-analog converters (RFDAC) and demonstrates how they can realize all-digital, fully-integrated RF transmitters that support all the current multi-mode and multi-band communication standards. With this book the reader will: Understand the challenges of realizing a universal CMOS RF transmitter Recognize the design issues and the advantages and disadvantages related to analog and digital transmitter architectures Master designing an RF transmitter from system level modeling techniques down to circuit designs and their related layout know-hows Grasp digital polar and I/Q calibration techniques as well as the digital predistortion approaches Learn how to generate appropriate digital I/Q baseband signals in order to apply them to the test chip and measure the RF-DAC performance. Highlights the benefits and implementation challenges of software-defined transmitters using CMOS technology Includes various types of analog and digital RF transmitter architectures for wireless applications Presents an all-digital polar RFDAC transmitter architecture and describes in detail its implementation Presents a new all-digital I/Q RFDAC transmitter architecture and its implementation Provides comprehensive design techniques from system level to circuit level Introduces several digital predistortion techniques which can be used in RF transmitters Describes the entire flow of system modeling, circuit simulation, layout techniques and the measurement process

Chips 2020

Chips 2020
  • Author : Bernd Hoefflinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-19
  • Total pages :477
  • ISBN : 9783642223990
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Summary : The chips in present-day cell phones already contain billions of sub-100-nanometer transistors. By 2020, however, we will see systems-on-chips with trillions of 10-nanometer transistors. But this will be the end of the miniaturization, because yet smaller transistors, containing just a few control atoms, are subject to statistical fluctuations and thus no longer useful. We also need to worry about a potential energy crisis, because in less than five years from now, with current chip technology, the internet alone would consume the total global electrical power! This book presents a new, sustainable roadmap towards ultra-low-energy (femto-Joule), high-performance electronics. The focus is on the energy-efficiency of the various chip functions: sensing, processing, and communication, in a top-down spirit involving new architectures such as silicon brains, ultra-low-voltage circuits, energy harvesting, and 3D silicon technologies. Recognized world leaders from industry and from the research community share their views of this nanoelectronics future. They discuss, among other things, ubiquitous communication based on mobile companions, health and care supported by autonomous implants and by personal carebots, safe and efficient mobility assisted by co-pilots equipped with intelligent micro-electromechanical systems, and internet-based education for a billion people from kindergarden to retirement. This book should help and interest all those who will have to make decisions associated with future electronics: students, graduates, educators, and researchers, as well as managers, investors, and policy makers. Introduction: Towards Sustainable 2020 Nanoelectronics.- From Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics.- The Future of Eight Chip Technologies.- Analog–Digital Interfaces.- Interconnects and Transceivers.- Requirements and Markets for Nanoelectronics.- ITRS: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors.- Nanolithography.- Power-Efficient Design Challenges.- Superprocessors and Supercomputers.- Towards Terabit Memories.- 3D Integration for Wireless Multimedia.- The Next-Generation Mobile User-Experience.- MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) for Automotive and Consumer.- Vision Sensors and Cameras.- Digital Neural Networks for New Media.- Retinal Implants for Blind Patients.- Silicon Brains.- Energy Harvesting and Chip Autonomy.- The Energy Crisis.- The Extreme-Technology Industry.- Education and Research for the Age of Nanoelectronics.- 2020 World with Chips.

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Systems

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Systems
  • Author : Hooman Darabi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-29
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9781107194755
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Summary : Equips students with essential industry-relevant knowledge through in-depth explanations, practical applications, examples, and exercises.

Wireless Technologies

Wireless Technologies
  • Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781351838207
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Summary : Advanced concepts for wireless technologies present a vision of technology that is embedded in our surroundings and practically invisible. From established radio techniques like GSM, 802.11 or Bluetooth to more emerging technologies, such as Ultra Wide Band and smart dust motes, a common denominator for future progress is the underlying integrated circuit technology. Wireless Technologies responds to the explosive growth of standard cellular radios and radically different wireless applications by presenting new architectural and circuit solutions engineers can use to solve modern design problems. This reference addresses state-of-the art CMOS design in the context of emerging wireless applications, including 3G/4G cellular telephony, wireless sensor networks, and wireless medical application. Written by top international experts specializing in both the IC industry and academia, this carefully edited work uncovers new design opportunities in body area networks, medical implants, satellite communications, automobile radar detection, and wearable electronics. The book is divided into three sections: wireless system perspectives, chip architecture and implementation issues, and devices and technologies used to fabricate wireless integrated circuits. Contributors address key issues in the development of future silicon-based systems, such as scale of integration, ultra-low power dissipation, and the integration of heterogeneous circuit design style and processes onto one substrate. Wireless sensor network systems are now being applied in critical applications in commerce, healthcare, and security. This reference, which contains 25 practical and scientifically rigorous articles, provides the knowledge communications engineers need to design innovative methodologies at the circuit and system level.

Digitally-Assisted Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design for Software-Defined Radio

Digitally-Assisted Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design for Software-Defined Radio
  • Author : Kenichi Okada,Shouhei Kousai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-26
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 144198514X
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Summary : This book describes the state-of-the-art in RF, analog, and mixed-signal circuit design for Software Defined Radio (SDR). It synthesizes for analog/RF circuit designers the most important general design approaches to take advantage of the most recent CMOS technology, which can integrate millions of transistors, as well as several real examples from the most recent research results.